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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217661/winged-scapula-caused-by-rhomboid-paralysis-a-case-report
#1
Maria Grazia Benedetti, Alessandro Zati, Silvia Bonfiglioli Stagni, Isabella Fusaro, Roberta Monesi, Roberto Rotini
Scapular winging secondary to dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) damage is an underestimated condition. It is often caused by entrapment of the nerve due to a hypertrophic middle scalene muscle, or by stretching of the DSN during traumatic movements. The condition has also been attributed to myofascial pain syndrome of the rhomboids with entrapment of the DSN. The non-specific symptomatology reported by patients is often incorrectly diagnosed, and this can result in a high level of disability of the upper limb. A clinical case of misdiagnosed dorsal scapula entrapment is presented...
October 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217425/short-term-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-on-pain-free-range-of-motion-in-a-weightlifter-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#2
Joseph Paul Coviello, Rumit Singh Kakar, Timothy James Reynolds
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While there is limited evidence supporting the use of soft tissue mobilization techniques for Subacromial Pain Syndrome (SAPS), synonymous with subacromial impingement syndrome, previous studies have reported successful outcomes using soft tissue mobilization as a treatment technique. The purpose of this case report is to document the results of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) for the treatment of SAPS. CASE DESCRIPTION: Diagnosis was reached based on the subject's history, tenderness to palpation, and four out of five positive tests in the diagnostic cluster...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215114/arthroscopic-extended-rotator-interval-release-for-treating-refractory-adhesive-capsulitis
#3
Ming-Jr Tsai, Wei-Pin Ho, Chih-Hwa Chen, Tsai-Hsueh Leu, Tai-Yuan Chuang
PURPOSE: To present the clinical results of arthroscopic extended rotator interval release with a stretching program for treating refractory adhesive capsulitis. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Arthroscopy-assisted extended rotator interval tissue release including anterior capsular was performed in 26 patients with refractory adhesive capsulitis. All rotator interval tissues, except the medial sling of the biceps, were excised and the excursion of the subscapularis tendon was restored and freely mobilized...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193505/statistical-modelling-of-ion-pgm-hid-str-10-plex-mps-data
#4
Søren B Vilsen, Torben Tvedebrink, Helle Smidt Mogensen, Niels Morling
We investigated the results of short tandem repeat (STR) markers of dilution series experiments and reference profiles generated using the Ion PGM massively parallel sequencing platform utilising the HID STR 10-plex panel. The STR markers were identified by the marker specific flanking regions of the STR region. We investigated the following: (1) the usage of quality measures for identifying substitution errors, (2) the heterozygote balance and compared it to that of capillary electrophoresis (CE), (3) the stability of the coverage and the consequence of IonExpress Barcode adapter (IBA) sampling with decreasing amounts of template DNA, (4) the hypothesis that the parental longest uninterrupted stretch (LUS) is a better linear predictor of stutter ratio than the parent allele length, (5) the use of parental allele length as a predictor of shoulder ratio, and (6) the removal of non-systematic erroneous sequences using dynamic thresholds created by fitting the distribution of the non-systematic erroneous sequences...
February 3, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184035/immediate-effects-of-angular-joint-mobilization-a-new-concept-of-joint-mobilization-on-pain-range-of-motion-and-disability-in-a-patient-with-shoulder-adhesive-capsulitis-a-case-report
#5
Younghoon Kim, GyuChang Lee
BACKGROUND Adhesive capsulitis is a common disabling condition, with reviews reporting up to 5.3% of the population being affected, the burden placed upon individuals and healthcare services may therefore be considered substantial. For recovering the normal extensibility of the capsule in individuals with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder, passive stretching of the capsule through end-range mobilization has been suggested. Recently, the concept of joint mobilization into angular joint mobilization (AJM), which is rotational joint mobilization with joint axis shift, was proposed...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169137/shoulder-horizontal-abduction-stretching-effectively-increases-shear-elastic-modulus-of-pectoralis-minor-muscle
#6
Jun Umehara, Masatoshi Nakamura, Kosuke Fujita, Ken Kusano, Satoru Nishishita, Kojiro Araki, Hiroki Tanaka, Ko Yanase, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Stretching maneuvers for the pectoralis minor muscle, which involve shoulder horizontal abduction or scapular retraction, are performed in clinical and sports settings because the tightness of this muscle may contribute to scapular dyskinesis. The effectiveness of stretching maneuvers for the pectoralis minor muscle is unclear in vivo. The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of stretching maneuvers for the pectoralis minor muscle in vivo using ultrasonic shear wave elastography...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167190/change-of-pectoralis-minor-length-and-acromial-distance-during-scapular-retraction-at-60%C3%A2-shoulder-elevation
#7
Nitaya Viriyatharakij, Chatchada Chinkulprasert, Navarat Rakthim, Jetjaree Patumrat, Butsarin Ketruang
As the pectoralis minor muscle is inserted into the coracoid process, an improper length of this muscle would affect scapular and shoulder motions. Therefore, this study is proposed to assess the effects on pectoralis minor's length and acromial distance after active scapular retraction in scaption at 60° elevation. Sixty right-hand-dominant participants (11 males, 49 females) were randomized into an intervention group and a control group. The intervention group performed pectoralis minor muscle stretching by active scapular retraction, while the control group were asked to sit in an upright position...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095214/stretching-exercises-for-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-effects-of-6-week-program-on-shoulder-tightness-pain-and-disability-status
#8
Elif Turgut, Irem Duzgun, Gul Baltaci
CONTEXT: Increasing soft tissue flexibility and joint mobility is one of the important aims of the shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of stretching program on posterior capsule tightness, pectoralis minor tightness, pain severity and disability status in SIS. DESIGN: Single-group pre-test post-test design. SETTING: University outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen participants diagnosed with subacromial impingement syndrome (34...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072813/a-case-report-on-red-ear-syndrome-with-tinnitus-successfully-treated-with-transcranial-random-noise-stimulation
#9
Peter M Kreuzer, Veronika Vielsmeier, Timm B Poeppl, Berthold Langguth
BACKGROUND: The red ear syndrome represents a rare symptom complex consisting of auricular erythema associated with painful and burning sensations. It has been described in combination with tinnitus rarely. It has been hypothesized to be etiologically related to altered trigeminal afferent input, temporomandibular disorders, and thalamic dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: The initial objective of applying transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) in a case of red ear syndrome in combination with tinnitus was the alleviation of the phantom sounds...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063632/exercise-for-the-patient-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Donna J Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To describe how mobilization stretches and exercise decrease shoulder impairments, a complication related to breast cancer surgery, thus improving quality of life. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Medline, Medline-Ovid. CONCLUSION: Mobilization stretches and exercises after breast surgery are an effective way to improve shoulder range of motion and decrease chest tightness and pain. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses who provide care to breast cancer patients need to teach and encourage patients to exercise postoperatively to eliminate or minimize the side effects of surgery...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059962/intraoperative-micro-breaks-with-targeted-stretching-enhance-surgeon-physical-function-and-mental-focus-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#11
Adrian E Park, Hamid R Zahiri, M Susan Hallbeck, Vedra Augenstein, Erica Sutton, Denny Yu, Bethany R Lowndes, Juliane Bingener
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intraoperative targeted stretching micro breaks (TSMBs) on the experienced pain and fatigue, physical functions, and mental focus of surgeons. BACKGROUND: Surgeons are routinely subject to mental and physical stresses through the course of their work in the operating room. One of the factors most contributory to the shortening of a surgeon's career is work-related pain and its effects on patient safety and personal relationships...
February 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047444/mo-fg-campus-jep3-02-a-novel-setup-approach-to-improve-c-spine-curvature-reproducibility-for-head-and-neck-radiotherapy-using-optical-surface-imaging-with-two-regions-of-interest
#12
K Ryan, M Gil, C Della Biancia, G Li
PURPOSE: To develop a novel approach to improve cervical spine (c-spine) curvature reproducibility for head and neck (HN) patients using optical surface imaging (OSI) with two regions of interests (ROIs). METHODS: The OSI-guided, two-step setup procedure requires two ROIs: ROI-1 of the shoulders and ROI-2 of the face. The neck can be stretched or squeezed in superior-inferior (SI) direction using a specially-designed sliding head support. We hypothesize that when these two ROIs are aligned, the c-spine should fall into a naturally reproducible position under same setup conditions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032029/evaluation-and-treatment-of-internal-impingement-of-the-shoulder-in-overhead-athletes
#13
REVIEW
Keith T Corpus, Christopher L Camp, David M Dines, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines
One of the most common pathologic processes seen in overhead throwing athletes is posterior shoulder pain resulting from internal impingement. "Internal impingement" is a term used to describe a constellation of symptoms which result from the greater tuberosity of the humerus and the articular surface of the rotator cuff abutting the posterosuperior glenoid when the shoulder is in an abducted and externally rotated position. The pathophysiology in symptomatic internal impingement is multifactorial, involving physiologic shoulder remodeling, posterior capsular contracture, and scapular dyskinesis...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973799/anharmonicity-in-the-vibrational-spectra-of-naphthalene-and-naphthalene-d8-experiment-and-theory
#14
Shubhadip Chakraborty, Subrata Banik, Puspendu K Das
In this paper, we report the gas phase infrared (IR) spectra of naphthalene and naphthalene-d8 recorded in the mid-infrared region (3200-500 cm(-1)) using a heated multipass long path gas cell. Several combination bands appear as shoulders and satellite peaks in the 3200-2600 cm(-1)region along with the C-H stretch fundamental bands. Experimental IR spectra of these molecules were systematically analyzed with vibrational self-consistent field (VSCF) theory, vibrational second order perturbation theory (VPT2) and vibrational couple cluster method (VCCM) with two different potential energy surfaces obtained using B3LYP and MP2 methods...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942162/upward-pulling-plus-exercise-improves-scapulocostal-pain-and-scapular-position
#15
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of upward pulling combined with shoulder retraction (upward pulling plus exercise) on scapulocostal pain and scapular position. [Subject and Methods] A 22-year-old woman with severe pain in the right and left scapulocostal areas. The horizontal distance from the inferior angle to the spinal process was measured. The tester assessed scapulocostal pain after stretching and massage. The tester assessed pain after upward pulling plus exercise. [Results] Left and right scapulocostal pain reduced to 2/10 after the upward pulling plus exercise...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942114/pilot-study-of-effective-methods-for-measuring-and-stretching-for-pectoral-muscle-tightness-in-breast-cancer-patients
#16
So Young Lee, Mi Kyung Sim, Junghwa Do, Soon Young Jeong, Jae Yong Jeon
[Purpose] To evaluate differences in pectoral muscle tightness according to arm abduction angle and to determine the best arm abduction angle for stretching of pectoral muscle tightness in breast cancer patients. [Subjects and Methods] Horizontal abduction differences of shoulders were measured bilaterally by arm abduction to 45°, 90°, and 135° to determine the best arm abduction angle for measuring pectoral muscle tightness. Thirty-two patients were divided into three pectoral muscle stretching groups (A: 45°, B: 90°, and C: 135°)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905266/impact-of-rest-break-interventions-on-the-neck-and-shoulder-posture-of-symptomatic-vdu-operators-during-prolonged-computer-work
#17
Montakarn Chaikumarn, Nuttika Nakphet, Prawit Janwantanakul
There is limited research on the effects of different types of rest-break interventions for VDU (Visual display Units) operators on neck and shoulder postures. This study examined the effect of rest-break interventions on the neck and shoulder postures of symptomatic VDU operators during prolonged computer work. Thirty subjects were randomly and equally assigned to breaks with stretching, breaks with dynamic movement, and passive breaks. Subjects performed the typing task for 60 min and received 3-min breaks after 20-min of work...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#18
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882915/characteristic-of-shoulder-and-hip-rotation-range-of-motion-in-adolescent-tennis-players
#19
Bi F Chang, Chia C Liu, Hsiao Y Chang
BACKGROUND: Adolescent tennis players require sufficient hip and shoulder flexibility to achieve the kinetic chain of a tennis stroke or serve. Hence, the objective of this study is to measure the glenohumeral joint internal and external rotation (IR and ER, respectively) and hip ER range of motion and to compare these parameters between experienced and beginner-level adolescent tennis players. METHODS: Twenty-three adolescent tennis players were divided into experienced (N = 12) and beginner groups (N = 11) on the basis of the adolescent national ranking of the Taiwan Tennis Association...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847979/relationship-between-subscapularis-tears-and-injuries-to-the-biceps-pulley
#20
Arnaud Godenèche, Laurent Nové-Josserand, Stéphane Audebert, Bruno Toussaint, Patrick J Denard, Alexandre Lädermann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between long head of the biceps brachii (LHBT) lesions and subscapularis tears. The hypothesis was that a bicipital pulley might remain intact, even in the case of a subscapularis tear. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2011, all patients who had a primary arthroscopic repair of a subscapularis tear were potentially included in this prospective study. The outcome of interest was the prevalence and type of arthroscopic lesions of the LHBT and bicipital pulley...
November 15, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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