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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140190/evaluation-of-a-shoulder-injury-prevention-program-in-wheelchair-basketball
#1
Jereme Wilroy, Elizabeth Hibberd
CONTEXT: Previous literature has theorized that alterations in shoulder physical characteristics are present in wheelchair athletes and contribute to shoulder pain and injury. Limited empirical evidence is present that evaluates the effectiveness of a shoulder injury prevention program focusing on improving these altered characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week intervention program at improving characteristics that increases the risk of developing pain or shoulder injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139484/ftir-imaging-detects-diet-and-genotype-dependent-chemical-composition-changes-in-wild-type-and-mutant-c-elegans-strains
#2
A Bouyanfif, S Liyanage, J E Hewitt, S A Vanapalli, N Moustaid-Moussa, E Hequet, N Abidi
This study focuses on the use of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy to determine chemical changes induced in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans by supplementation of C. elegans maintenance media (CeMM) by Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Wild-type C. elegans (N2) and mutant strains (tub-1 and fat-3) were grown in CeMM alone, and CeMM supplemented with EPA at 25 or 100 μM. Feeding was performed for 72 h. FTIR imaging was performed in transmission mode on individual worms. The FTIR imaging analysis of wild-type animals revealed the presence of vibrations assigned to unsaturated fatty acids, specifically bands at 3008 cm(-1) ([double bond, length as m-dash]C-H, olefinic stretch) and 1744 cm(-1) (C[double bond, length as m-dash]O, unsaturated fatty acids)...
November 15, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103741/the-effect-of-home-based-program-and-outpatient-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Tsui-Ling Su, An-Ni Chen, Chau-Peng Leong, Yu-Chi Huang, Chia-Wei Chiang, I-Hsuan Chen, Yan-Yuh Lee
OBJECTIVES: Physical therapy improves outcomes for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) but home-based program (HBP) has not yet been investigated thoroughly. This study compared a HBP with outpatient physical therapy (OPT). METHODS: This trial categorized patients with primary HNC into OPT and HBP groups. The patients in the HBP group received home-based therapy once a day for 5 days per week. By contrast, the OPT group received various physical therapies, including aerobic, anaerobic, and stretching therapies, twice per week, plus a thrice-weekly home-based therapy that similarly consisted of aerobic, anaerobic, and stretching exercises...
November 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102935/ft-ir-spectroscopy-study-in-early-diagnosis-of-skin-cancer
#4
Maria Kyriakidou, Jane Anastassopoulou, Aristeidis Tsakiris, Maria Koui, Theophile Theophanides
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mid-infrared spectroscopy (4000-500 cm(-1)) was used to analyze the spectral changes and differences of the characteristic absorption bands of the skin components due to cancer development for early clinical diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human biopsies from basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, and nevus were used, while normal skin tissue served as a control. RESULTS: The high quality of Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra showed that upon cancer development the intensity of the absorption band at approximately 3062 cm(-1) was increased, indicating that most of the proteins had the configuration of amide B and the β-sheet protein structure predominated...
November 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095655/efficacy-of-a-prevention-program-for-medial-elbow-injuries-in-youth-baseball-players
#5
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Tatsuhiro Suzuki, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball players are at high risk for elbow injuries, which can lead to future functional disability. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention program to lower the risk of medial elbow injury in these athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Youth baseball players, 8 to 11 years old, without a history of elbow and shoulder pain, were allocated to either the intervention (n = 136) or control (n = 169) group...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037627/does-ultrasound-therapy-add-to-the-effects-of-exercise-and-mobilization-in-frozen-shoulder-a-pilot-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#6
Safoora Ebadi, Bijan Forogh, Ehsan Fallah, Arash Babaei Ghazani
OBJECTIVE: This study intended to determine the extent to which Ultrasound could add to the effects of exercise and manual therapy in the rehabilitation treatment of primary adhesive capsulitis. DESIGN: A pilot double blind randomized clinical trial was carried out on 50 patients suffering from primary adhesive capsulitis. Intervention included continuous 3 MHz, 1.5 w/cm(2) Ultrasound, applied for the first group and sham Ultrasound for the second group. In addition specific stretching and strengthening exercises as well as glenohumeral joint mobilization were delivered to both groups...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987105/communication-a-hydrogen-bonded-difluorocarbene-complex-ab-initio-and-matrix-isolation-study
#7
Ilya S Sosulin, Ekaterina S Shiryaeva, Daniil A Tyurin, Vladimir I Feldman
Structure and spectroscopic features of the CF2⋯HF complexes were studied by ab initio calculations at the CCSD(T) level and matrix isolation FTIR spectroscopy. The calculations predict three stable structures. The most energetically favorable structure corresponds to hydrogen bonding of HF to the lone pair of the C atom (the interaction energy of 3.58 kcal/mol), whereas two less stable structures are the H⋯F bonded complexes (the interaction energies of 0.30 and 0.24 kcal/mol). The former species was unambiguously characterized by the absorptions in the FTIR spectra observed after X-ray irradiation of fluoroform in a xenon matrix at 5 K...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975133/pectoralis-minor-contracture-in-throwing-shoulders-of-asymptomatic-adolescent-baseball-players
#8
Justin L Hodgins, William Rubenstein, David Kovacevic, Ajay Padaki, Charles M Jobin, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Although scapular malpositioning is commonly associated with rotational deficits and risk of injury, modifiable causes of such malpositioning in overhead athletes are not well described. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to examine the scapulothoracic profile of adolescent baseball players, specifically, pectoralis minor (PM) length. We hypothesized that PM would be shorter in throwing shoulders compared with nonthrowing shoulders. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939263/effects-of-stretching-exercise-training-and-ergonomic-modifications-on-musculoskeletal-discomforts-of-office-workers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Ardalan Shariat, Joshua A Cleland, Mahmoud Danaee, Mehdi Kargarfard, Bahram Sangelaji, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise, ergonomic modification, and a combination of training exercise and ergonomic modification on the scores of pain in office workers with neck, shoulders, and lower back pain. METHODS: Participants (N=142) in this randomized controlled trial were office workers aged 20-50 years old with neck, shoulders, and lower back pain. They were randomly assigned to either the ergonomic modification group, the exercise group, the combined exercise and ergonomic modification group, or the control group (no-treatment)...
September 6, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901811/the-efficacy-of-stretching-exercises-to-reduce-posterior-shoulder-tightness-acutely-in-the-postoperative-population-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Paul A Salamh, Morey J Kolber, Eric J Hegedus, Chad E Cook
BACKGROUND: Posterior shoulder tightness (PST) is a postoperative complication leading to pain, impaired mobility, and reduced function. Despite the potential morbidity associated with PST, no studies have investigated the efficacy of shoulder-stretching methods in the postsurgical population. The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term efficacy of two stretches designed to reduce PST. METHODS: The study enrolled 63 patients [mean age 51 (12) years, height 173...
September 13, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888190/study-of-hydrogen-bonding-in-ethanol-water-binary-solutions-by-raman-spectroscopy
#11
Fabing Li, Zhiwei Men, Shuo Li, Shenghan Wang, Zhanlong Li, Chenglin Sun
Raman spectra of ethanol-water binary solutions have been observed at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. We find that with increasing ethanol concentration, the symmetric and asymmetric OH stretching vibrational mode (3286 and 3434cm(-1)) of water are shifted to lower frequency and the weak shoulder peak at 3615cm(-1) (free OH) disappears. These results indicate that ethanol strengthens hydrogen bonds in water. Simultaneously, our experiment shows that Raman shifts of ethanol reverses when the volume ratio of ethanol and the overall solution is 0...
September 1, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869417/efficacy-of-intensive-hand-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#12
József Horváth, Zsófia Bálint, Erika Szép, Aletta Deiszinger, Tünde Minier, Nelli Farkas, Enikő Török, Éva Horváthné Papp, Dalma Komjáti, Zsuzsanna Mándó, László Czirják, Cecilia Varjú
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a three-week period of complex and intensive hand physical therapy on hand function in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Thirty-one patients with SSc were treated. Hand stretching exercises, ergotherapy supplemented with thermal and mud baths, whirlpool therapy and soft tissue massage were daily used during a three-week period. The control SSc group (n=22) received similar management for their large joints leaving out their hands...
August 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865567/editorial-commentary-pitching-a-new-curve-identifying-the-etiology-of-nontraumatic-throwing%C3%A2-injuries
#13
EDITORIAL
Michael D Feldman
Loss of shoulder motion, especially to flexion and external rotation, may increase the risk of nontraumatic shoulder and elbow injuries in elite pitchers. However, the etiology of these injuries is likely mulitifactorial, and before we direct our therapists to abandon sleeper stretches in favor of flexion and external rotation exercises, further research is needed to keep pitchers off the disabled list and on the mound.
September 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855791/impact-of-shoulder-internal-rotation-on-normal-sensory-response-during-ulnar-nerve-biased-neurodynamic-testing-of-asymptomatic-individuals
#14
Mark Gugliotti, Danielle Cohen, Angela Hernandez, Kristen Hinrichs, Nicole Osmundsen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if substitution of shoulder internal rotation for external rotation during the upper limb neurodynamic test (ULNT3) evokes comparable ulnar nerve sensory responses in asymptomatic individuals. METHODS: Range of motion, quality, quantity, and distribution of sensory responses in 50 asymptomatic individuals during the traditional ULNT3 were compared to identical measures during an experimental maneuver using shoulder internal rotation. Quality and quantity of sensory responses were recorded using a 10-cm visual analog scale...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854081/treatment-of-axillary-web-syndrome-using-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-and-thoracic-manipulation-for-associated-thoracic-rotation-dysfunction-a-case-report
#15
Patricia Crane, Jaclyn Ladden, Danielle Monica
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research that investigates physical therapy management for patients with axillary web syndrome (AWS) and thoracic rotation dysfunction. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a patient with AWS and thoracic rotation dysfunction using an impairment-based approach that includes instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), thoracic manipulation, and stretching. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 48-year-old female with a past medical history of bilateral breast cancer with a bilateral latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction...
August 30, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813883/development-of-a-series-wrapping-cam-mechanism-for-energy-transfer-in-wearable-arm-support-applications
#16
Jeremiah S Schroeder, Joel C Perry
An estimated 17 million individuals suffer a stroke each year with over 5 million resulting in permanent disability. For many of these, the provision of gravity support to the impaired upper limb can provide significant and immediate improvement in arm mobility. This added mobility has the potential to improve arm function and user independence overall, but, so far, wearable arm supports have found only limited uptake by end-users. The reasons are unclear, but it is hypothesized that device uptake is strongly affected by aspects of arm support implementation such as added weight and volume and the effectiveness of the support provided...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766602/understanding-water-structure-from-raman-spectra-of-isotopic-substitution-h2o-d2o-up-to-573-k
#17
Qingcheng Hu, Haiwen Zhao, Shunli Ouyang
The OH/OD stretch band on Raman spectra of water is complex, and understanding the spectral features based on water structure needs further study. This study investigates Raman spectra of isotopic substitution (IS) of water (with volume ratio VH2O/VD2O of 0/1, 1/4, 1/1, 4/1 and 1/0) at temperatures from 303 to 573 K. The data show that the OH and OD stretch band profiles are similar in their dependences on temperature and IS ratio. IS reduces the band widths at low temperatures but the reducing effect diminishes above ∼450 K, due to the largely enhanced intensity of the high-frequency shoulder (∼3650 cm(-1)/2690 cm(-1)), which turns into the main peak for the OH (or OD) stretch bands when VH2O/VD2O (or VD2O/VH2O) reaches 1/4 at temperatures over ∼510 K...
August 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751255/modification-of-spastic-stretch-reflexes-at-the-elbow-by-flexion-synergy-expression-in-individuals-with-chronic-hemiparetic-stroke
#18
Jacob G McPherson, Arno H Stienen, Justin M Drogos, Julius P Dewald
OBJECTIVE: To systematically characterize the effect of flexion synergy expression on the manifestation of elbow flexor stretch reflexes poststroke, and to relate these findings to elbow flexor stretch reflexes in individuals without neurologic injury. DESIGN: Controlled cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=20) included individuals with chronic hemiparetic stroke (n=10) and a convenience sample of individuals without neurologic or musculoskeletal injury (n=10)...
July 24, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741202/a-user-centred-approach-to-developing-bwell-a-mobile-app-for-arm-and-shoulder-exercises-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#19
Helena Harder, Patrick Holroyd, Lynn Burkinshaw, Phil Watten, Charles Zammit, Peter R Harris, Anna Good, Val Jenkins
PURPOSE: The study aim was to develop a mobile application (app) supported by user preferences to optimise self-management of arm and shoulder exercises for upper-limb dysfunction (ULD) after breast cancer treatment. METHODS: Focus groups with breast cancer patients were held to identify user needs and requirements. Behaviour change techniques were explored by researchers and discussed during the focus groups. Concepts for content were identified by thematic analysis...
December 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731885/effectiveness-of-a-posterior-shoulder-stretching-program-on-university-level-overhead-athletes-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Judy C Chepeha, David J Magee, Martin Bouliane, David Sheps, Lauren Beaupre
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a posterior shoulder stretch was effective in increasing internal rotation (IR) and horizontal adduction (HAd) range of motion (ROM) in overhead athletes identified as having reduced mobility. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial (parallel design). SETTING: University-based sports medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven university-level athletes in volleyball, swimming, and tennis, with IR ROM deficits ≥15°, were randomized into intervention or control groups...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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