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Shoulder stretching

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768095/test-retest-reliability-of-kinetic-variables-measured-on-campus-board-in-sport-climbers
#1
Edgardo Alvares de Campos Abreu, Sílvia Ribeiro Santos Araújo, Gustavo Henrique da Cunha Peixoto Cançado, André Gustavo Pereira de Andrade, Mauro Heleno Chagas, Hans-Joachim Karl Menzel
Sport climbers frequently use campus board (CB) to improve their upper limb strength under similar conditions of high-difficulty sport climbing routes. The objective of this study was to assess the test-retest reliability of peak force and impulse measured using a CB instrumented with two load cells on starting holds. The same evaluator examined 22 climbers on two days with 48 h between the assessments. The participants performed five concentric lunges (CL) and five lunges with stretch-shortening cycle with 1 min intervals between repetitions and 10 min between exercises...
May 16, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706711/comparison-of-the-effects-of-pectoralis-muscles-stretching-exercise-and-scapular-retraction-strengthening-exercise-on-forward-shoulder
#2
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare effect in a group of stretching and a group of muscle strengthening exercise for patients with forward scapular posture. [Subjects and Methods] This study was performed in 20 subjects who defined to the forward shoulder posture. The subjects were divided into a group of pectoralis muscles stretching and a group of muscle strength exercise for scapular retraction. [Results] The forward shoulder posture of the group of the scapular retraction exercise was significantly decreased when compared to that of the group of the pectoralis muscles stretching...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686485/a-pragmatic-regional-interdependence-approach-to-primary-frozen-shoulder-a-retrospective-case-series
#3
Christopher Kevin Wong, Bryanna L Strang, Galen A Schram, Elizabeth A Mercer, Rebecca S Kesting, Kabi S Deo
Objectives: Although the shoulder is known to move together with the scapula and other upper quarter joints, the current frozen shoulder clinical practice guidelines describe only physical therapy study treatments directed to the shoulder. None received a strong recommendation, highlighting the need for alternate interventions. This retrospective case series describes a pragmatic regional interdependence approach to frozen shoulder with impairment and functional outcomes, noting whether final ROM approached normal...
May 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667850/a-survey-of-fellowship-trained-upper-extremity-surgeons-on-treatment-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#4
Steven R Niedermeier, Nisha Crouser, Amy Speeckaert, Kanu S Goyal
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to investigate current management strategies for lateral epicondylitis by fellowship-trained upper extremity surgeons. METHODS: A 17-question survey of treatment approaches and outcomes related to lateral epicondylitis was sent to 3354 surgeons using the American Society for Surgery of the Hand and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons member databases. RESULTS: Six hundred twelve upper extremity surgeons completed the survey...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618913/evaluation-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-postural-stress-of-female-jari-workers
#5
Amitava Pal, Prakash C Dhara
Aims: The present investigation was aimed to assess the postural stress and the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the "Jari" (golden thread) workers. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 156 female workers in different areas of the Purba Medinipur, Paschim Medinipur, and Howrah districts of West Bengal, India. Materials and Methods: The MSDs of the workers were evaluated by modified Nordic questionnaire method...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602634/scapular-kinematic-alterations-during-arm-elevation-with-decrease-in-pectoralis-minor-stiffness-after-stretching-in-healthy-individuals
#6
Jun Umehara, Masatoshi Nakamura, Satoru Nishishita, Hiroki Tanaka, Ken Kusano, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Pectoralis minor tightness may be seen in individuals with scapular dyskinesis, and stretching is used for the treatment of altered scapular motion in sports and clinical fields. However, few researchers have reported on the effects of pectoralis minor stiffness on scapular motion during arm elevation. This study investigated whether an acute decrease of pectoralis minor stiffness after stretching changes the scapular motion during arm elevation. METHODS: The study allocated 15 dominant and 15 nondominant upper limbs in healthy men as control and interventional limbs, respectively...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593438/glenohumeral-internal-rotation-deficit-in-throwing-athletes-current-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Michael B Rose, Thomas Noonan
Glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) is an adaptive process in which the throwing shoulder experiences a loss of internal rotation (IR). GIRD has most commonly been defined by a loss of >20° of IR compared to the contralateral shoulder. Total rotational motion of the shoulder is the sum of internal and external rotation and may be more important than the absolute value of IR loss. Pathologic GIRD has been defined as a loss of IR combined with a loss of total rotational motion. The leading pathologic process in GIRD is posterior capsular and rotator-cuff tightness, due to the repetitive cocking that occurs with the overhead throwing motion...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581654/the-effects-of-shoulder-stabilization-exercises-and-pectoralis-minor-stretching-on-balance-and-maximal-shoulder-muscle-strength-of-healthy-young-adults-with-round-shoulder-posture
#8
Mi-Kyoung Kim, Jung Chul Lee, Kyung-Tae Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of pectoralis minor stretching and shoulder strengthening with an elastic band on balance and maximal shoulder muscle strength in young adults with rounded shoulder posture. [Subjects and Methods] Nineteen subjects with rounded shoulder posture were randomly divided into 2 groups: a shoulder stabilization exercise group and a stretching exercise group. The groups performed each exercise for 40 minutes, 3 times a week, for 4 weeks. Static balance (eyes open and closed), dynamic balance (the limits of stability in 4 directions) and shoulder muscle strength in 5 directions were measure before and after the exercises...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545686/the-effects-of-upper-and-lower-limb-position-on-symmetry-of-vertical-ground-reaction-force-during-sit-to-stand-in-chronic-stroke-subjects
#9
Jae Hong Lee, Dong Ki Min, Han Seong Choe, Jin Hwan Lee, So Hong Shin
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of arm and leg posture elements on symmetrical weight bearing during Sit to Stand tasks in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were diagnosed with stroke and 22 patients (15 males and 7 females) participated in this study. All participants performed Sit to Stand tasks on three foot postures and two arm postures. Two force plates were used to measure peak of vertical ground reaction force and symmetrical ratio to peak Fz...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523053/the-evaluation-of-changes-of-angles-in-selected-joints-during-topspin-forehand-in-table-tennis
#10
Ziemowit Bańkosz, Sławomir Winiarski
The aims of this study were to evaluate movement patterns of topspin forehand, to define the main principles of performing this shot, and to determine the essential differences in individual types of topspin forehand. In total, 10 female high-level athletes participated in this study. The BTS analysis system was used with a novel model for the range-of-motion measurement. An acoustic sensor was attached to the racket for identification of a ball-racket contact. Players, performing topspin forehand, attempt to achieve maximal racket velocity based on the principles of proximal-to-distal sequences and summation of speed with a stretch-shortening character of cycle...
March 9, 2018: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499481/shoulder-mechanical-demands-of-slow-underwater-exercises-in-the-scapular-plane
#11
Jessy Lauer, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Hélène Rouard
BACKGROUND: The mechanical demands of underwater shoulder exercises have only been assessed indirectly via electromyographical measurements. Yet, this is insufficient to understand all the clinical implications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate musculoskeletal system loading during slow (30°/s) scapular plane arm elevation and lowering performed in two media (air vs water) and body positions (sitting vs supine). METHODS: Eighteen participants' upper bodies were scanned and virtually animated within unsteady numerical fluid flow simulations to compute hydrodynamic forces...
March 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437484/the-effects-of-thai-yoga-on-physical-fitness-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#12
Chuenjid Kongkaew, Parinya Lertsinthai, Katechan Jampachaisri, Pajaree Mongkhon, Peerapong Meesomperm, Kunwarang Kornkaew, Phichamon Malaiwong
OBJECTIVES: Thai yoga is a traditional Thai exercise used for improving health-related physical fitness. Many studies have evaluated these effects, but their results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the effectiveness of Thai yoga on physical fitness. DESIGN/METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane library, Thai Library Integrated System (ThaiLis), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), National Rehabilitation Information Center (Rehabdata), Scopus, Web of Science, Thai University library databases/journals, and Thai Physical Therapy database up to March 2016 were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of Thai yoga exercise compared with normal daily activities as controls, in any language...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420760/nail-raman-spectroscopy-a-promising-method-for-the-diagnosis-of-onychomycosis-an-ex-vivo-pilot-study
#13
Nikolaos Kourkoumelis, Georgios Gaitanis, Aristea Velegraki, Ioannis D Bassukas
Trichophyton rubrum and Candida species comprise the majority of onychomycosis pathogens. The aim of this study was to evaluate Raman spectroscopy for the differentiation between healthy and either T. rubrum or Candida infected nails. Raman measurements were performed on clippings (N = 52) infected either by T. rubrum (N = 12) or Candida species (N = 14; C. parapsilosis (sensu lato): N = 11, C. glabrata: N = 1, C. albicans: N = 2) with healthy nails (N = 26) used as controls. Systematic spectral differences were observed in the 500-520 cm-1 band region, attributable to a diverting imprint of the disulfide stretching of cystine and cysteine residues among samples...
October 9, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420095/flexibility-and-strength-training-in-asthma-a-pilot-study
#14
Sara Olenich, Graeme Waterworth, Gary J Badger, Bruce Levy, Elliot Israel, Helene M Langevin
OBJECTIVE: Although less is known about musculoskeletal factors that may contribute to asthma symptoms, body-based treatments addressing movement restrictions of the chest and shoulders may be a useful adjunct to asthma pharmacotherapy. In this pilot study, we compared asthma symptoms, pulmonary function tests, and medication use before and after a course of resistance flexibility and strength training (RFST) treatments in human subjects with asthma. METHODS: Patients with asthma (n = 10; mean age 23 years) completed questionnaires (Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ), Asthma Control Test (ACT)), spirometry, chest wall excursion, and shoulder range of motion (ROM) before and after a series of four RFST treatments over 47 ± 21 days...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406451/is-use-of-a-psychological-workbook-associated-with-improved-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-scores-in-patients-with-distal-radius-fracture
#15
Stuart Goudie, Diane Dixon, Gail McMillan, David Ring, Margaret McQueen
BACKGROUND: Symptom intensity and magnitude of limitations correlate with stress, distress, and less effective coping strategies. It is unclear if interventions to target these factors can be used to improve outcomes after distal radius fracture in either the short- or longer term. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Are there any factors (including the use of a workbook aimed at optimizing psychological response to injury, demographic, radiographic, medical, or psychosocial) associated with improved Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Numerical Rating Scale pain (NRS pain) scores at 6 weeks after management of distal radius fracture? (2) Are any of these factors associated with improved DASH and NRS pain scores at 6 months after management of distal radius fracture? METHODS: We conducted a double-blind randomized controlled trial comparing a workbook designed to optimize rehabilitation by improving psychological response to injury using recognized psychological techniques (the LEARN technique and goal setting) versus a workbook containing details of stretching exercises in the otherwise routine management of distal radius fracture...
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370965/preventing-brachial-plexus-injury-during-shoulder-surgery-a-real-time-cadaveric-study
#16
Andrew W Kam, Patrick H Lam, Pieter S W A Haen, Martin Tan, Aminudin Shamsudin, George A C Murrell
BACKGROUND: Brachial plexopathy is not uncommon after shoulder surgery. Although thought to be due to stretch neuropathy, its etiology is poorly understood. This study aimed to identify arm positions and maneuvers that may risk causing brachial plexopathy during shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: Tensions in the cords of the brachial plexuses of 6 human cadaveric upper limbs were measured using load cells while each limb was placed in different arm positions and while they underwent shoulder hemiarthroplasty and revision reverse arthroplasty...
May 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367172/the-pathology-of-torture
#17
Michael S Pollanen
Detainees may be subjected to torture and extra-judicial execution by State actors and terrorists. But, the pathology of torture has not been well-described. This is due to the lack of autopsies performed on victims of torture, mostly due to the disposal of the bodies of the victims by their torturers. On this basis, the cause of death of detainees subjected to torture is often a matter of speculation or remains obscure. This paper provides an overview of the pathology of torture based on the authour's experience with the autopsies of torture victims...
March 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362689/ergonomic-risk-and-preventive-measures-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-the-dentistry-environment-an-umbrella-review
#18
Simone De Sio, Veronica Traversini, Francesca Rinaldo, Valerio Colasanti, Giuseppe Buomprisco, Roberto Perri, Federica Mormone, Giuseppe La Torre, Fabrizio Guerra
Introduction: Dental practitioners are exposed to different occupational hazards during the course of their professional activity, such as physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic factors. The ergonomic hazards, caused by strained posture and prolonged repetitive movements, can induce musculoskeletal disorders. It occurs in 54-93% of dental professionals and involve the spine, shoulder and hand-wrist tract. Through a systematic review of international literature, we analyzed specific ergonomic risk factors and preventive measures of musculoskeletal disorders in professional dental activity...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315452/a-case-for-the-brace-a-critical-comprehensive-and-up-to-date-review-of-static-progressive-stretch-dynamic-and-turnbuckle-braces-for-the-management-of-elbow-knee-and-shoulder-pathology
#19
Nipun Sodhi, Benjamin Yao, Anton Khlopas, Iyooh U Davidson, Assem A Sultan, Linsen T Samuel, Suela Lamaj, Jared M Newman, Robert Pivec, Kristy A Fisher, Benjamin Gaal, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Non-operative management of the elbow, shoulder, and knee typically includes braces, such as the: static progressive stretch (SPS), turnbuckle, and dynamic. However, a paucity of literature exists comparing these three bracing modalities. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the current literature on the various bracing modalities for physicians and patients managing elbow, shoulder, or knee joint complications. Specifically, we compared the use of 1) static progressive stretch, 2) dynamic, and 3) turnbuckle braces for the a) elbow, b) knee, and c) shoulder...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303793/exploring-the-use-of-educational-material-about-shoulder-dysfunction-a-quality-improvement-project-in-people-with-als
#20
Katherine Burke, Amy Swartz Ellrodt, Jason Levine, Taylor Adams, Rebecca Allis, Ian Macmurdie, Sabrina Paganoni
Shoulder pain is a common secondary complication of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) that can contribute to functional decline and decreased participation in daily activities. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an educational brochure aimed at improving knowledge regarding shoulder pain and dysfunction in people with ALS. Participants completed a pre-intervention survey with questions regarding their knowledge of how ALS may affect their shoulders. After completing the pre-survey, they were mailed a brochure that described shoulder health and range of motion and stretching exercises...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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