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Shoulder stretching

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315452/a-case-for-the-brace-a-critical-comprehensive-and-up-to-date-review-of-static-progressive-stretch-dynamic-and-turnbuckle-braces-for-the-management-of-elbow-knee-and-shoulder-pathology
#1
Nipun Sodhi, Benjamin Yao, Anton Khlopas, Iyooh U Davidson, Assem A Sultan, Linsen T Samuel, Suela Lamaj, Jared M Newman, Robert Pivec, Kristy A Fisher, Benjamin Gaal, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Non-operative management of the elbow, shoulder, and knee typically includes braces, such as the: static progressive stretch (SPS), turnbuckle, and dynamic. However, a paucity of literature exists comparing these three bracing modalities. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the current literature on the various bracing modalities for physicians and patients managing elbow, shoulder, or knee joint complications. Specifically, we compared the use of 1) static progressive stretch, 2) dynamic, and 3) turnbuckle braces for the a) elbow, b) knee, and c) shoulder...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303793/exploring-the-use-of-educational-material-about-shoulder-dysfunction-a-quality-improvement-project-in-people-with-als
#2
Katherine Burke, Amy Swartz Ellrodt, Jason Levine, Taylor Adams, Rebecca Allis, Ian Macmurdie, Sabrina Paganoni
Shoulder pain is a common secondary complication of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) that can contribute to functional decline and decreased participation in daily activities. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an educational brochure aimed at improving knowledge regarding shoulder pain and dysfunction in people with ALS. Participants completed a pre-intervention survey with questions regarding their knowledge of how ALS may affect their shoulders. After completing the pre-survey, they were mailed a brochure that described shoulder health and range of motion and stretching exercises...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280888/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-plastic-surgeons-in-the-united-states-canada-and-norway
#3
Ibrahim Khansa, Lara Khansa, Tormod S Westvik, Jamil Ahmad, Frank Lista, Jeffrey E Janis
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are more common among surgeons than among the general population. However, little is known about these types of injuries among plastic surgeons specifically. The authors' goals were to evaluate the prevalence, nature, causes, and potential solutions of these musculoskeletal injuries among plastic surgeons in three different countries: the United States, Canada, and Norway. METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to plastic surgeons in the United States, Canada, and Norway, soliciting their demographics, practice description, history of musculoskeletal issues, potential causes of these symptoms, and proposed suggestions to address these injuries...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238262/effect-of-upper-extremity-strengthening-exercises-on-the-lumbar-strength-disability-and-pain-of-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Erdem Atalay, Bedrettin Akova, Hakan Gür, Ufuk Sekir
The present study aimed to analyze the impacts of a low back rehabilitation program accompanied with neck, shoulder and upper back exercises on pain, disability, and physical characteristics of patients with chronic low back pain. Twenty sedentary male patients with chronic low back pain participated in the study on a voluntary basis. The patients were randomly allocated into two groups: a conventional low back exercise group (CE) and a supported exercise group (SE; CE plus upper back, neck, and shoulder exercises)...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237578/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-on-scapular-position-and-motion-in-individuals-with-scapular-dyskinesis-systematic-review-protocol
#5
Afsun Nodehi Moghadam, Kianoush Abdi, Mohsen Shati, Shohreh Noorizadeh Dehkordi, Abbas Ali Keshtkar, Zahra Mosallanezhad
BACKGROUND: Scapular dyskinesis is an alteration in normal scapular position and motion. Some researchers believe that altered kinematics of the scapula subsequent to dysfunction or weakness of scapular stabilizing muscles contributes to impingement syndrome. Scapular muscle exercises are included in the rehabilitation of patients with subacromial impingement syndrome and scapular dyskinesis because the muscular system is one of the major contributors of scapular positioning both at rest and during shoulder movement, but there is considerable uncertainty relating to the relative effectiveness of such approaches on changing scapular position and motion...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184298/changes-in-rounded-shoulder-posture-and-forward-head-posture-according-to-exercise-methods
#6
Do Youn Lee, Chan Woo Nam, Youn Bum Sung, Kyoung Kim, Hae Yong Lee
[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the effect of forward head posture-improving exercises on rounded shoulder posture when employing the self-stretch exercise, the McKenzie exercise, and the Kendall exercise as intervention methods based on previous studies that reported negative effects of unbalanced posture and musculoskeletal problems on forward head posture and rounded shoulder posture. [Subjects and Methods] The selected 28 subjects were randomly assigned into the McKenzie exercise group (n=9), the self-stretch exercise group (n=10), and the Kendall exercise group (n=9)...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179043/the-effect-of-exercise-intensity-on-joint-power-and-dynamics-in-ergometer-double-poling-performed-by-cross-country-skiers
#7
Jørgen Danielsen, Øyvind Sandbakk, David McGhie, Gertjan Ettema
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of increasing exercise intensity on the role of joint powers in ergometer double poling (DP), while taking specific dynamic constraints into account. One main question was whether lower-body power contribution increased or decreased with increasing intensity. Nine male Norwegian national-level cross-country skiers performed ergometer DP at low, moderate, high and maximal intensity. Kinematics, and ground (GRF) and poling (Fpoling) reaction forces were recorded and used in link segment modeling to obtain joint and whole-body dynamics...
November 23, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153963/shear-wave-elastography-swe-for-monitoring-of-treatment-of-tendinopathies-a-double-blinded-longitudinal-clinical-study
#8
Timm Dirrichs, Valentin Quack, Matthias Gatz, Markus Tingart, Björn Rath, Marcel Betsch, Christiane K Kuhl, Simone Schrading
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy with which shear wave elastography (SWE) can be used to monitor response to treatment of tendinopathies, and to compare it to conventional ultrasound (US)-imaging methods (B-mode US (B-US) and power Doppler US (PD-US)). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective Institutional Review Board-approved longitudinal study on 35 patients with 47 symptomatic tendons (17 Achilles-, 15 patellar-, and 15 humeral-epicondylar) who underwent standardized multimodal US and standardized clinical assessment before and after 6 months of treatment (tailored stretching exercise, sport break, and local Polidocanol) was carried out...
November 16, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140190/evaluation-of-a-shoulder-injury-prevention-program-in-wheelchair-basketball
#9
Jereme Wilroy, Elizabeth Hibberd
CONTEXT: Previous literature has theorized that alterations in shoulder physical characteristics are present in wheelchair athletes and contribute to shoulder pain and injury. Limited empirical evidence is present that evaluates the effectiveness of a shoulder injury prevention program focusing on improving these altered characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week intervention program at improving characteristics that increases the risk of developing pain or shoulder injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139484/ftir-imaging-detects-diet-and-genotype-dependent-chemical-composition-changes-in-wild-type-and-mutant-c-elegans-strains
#10
A Bouyanfif, S Liyanage, J E Hewitt, S A Vanapalli, N Moustaid-Moussa, E Hequet, N Abidi
This study focuses on the use of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy to determine chemical changes induced in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans by supplementation of C. elegans maintenance media (CeMM) by Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Wild-type C. elegans (N2) and mutant strains (tub-1 and fat-3) were grown in CeMM alone, and CeMM supplemented with EPA at 25 or 100 μM. Feeding was performed for 72 h. FTIR imaging was performed in transmission mode on individual worms. The FTIR imaging analysis of wild-type animals revealed the presence of vibrations assigned to unsaturated fatty acids, specifically bands at 3008 cm-1 ([double bond, length as m-dash]C-H, olefinic stretch) and 1744 cm-1 (C[double bond, length as m-dash]O, unsaturated fatty acids)...
November 15, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103741/the-effect-of-home-based-program-and-outpatient-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Tsui-Ling Su, An-Ni Chen, Chau-Peng Leong, Yu-Chi Huang, Chia-Wei Chiang, I-Hsuan Chen, Yan-Yuh Lee
OBJECTIVES: Physical therapy improves outcomes for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) but home-based program (HBP) has not yet been investigated thoroughly. This study compared a HBP with outpatient physical therapy (OPT). METHODS: This trial categorized patients with primary HNC into OPT and HBP groups. The patients in the HBP group received home-based therapy once a day for 5 days per week. By contrast, the OPT group received various physical therapies, including aerobic, anaerobic, and stretching therapies, twice per week, plus a thrice-weekly home-based therapy that similarly consisted of aerobic, anaerobic, and stretching exercises...
November 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102935/ft-ir-spectroscopy-study-in-early-diagnosis-of-skin-cancer
#12
Maria Kyriakidou, Jane Anastassopoulou, Aristeidis Tsakiris, Maria Koui, Theophile Theophanides
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mid-infrared spectroscopy (4000-500 cm-1) was used to analyze the spectral changes and differences of the characteristic absorption bands of the skin components due to cancer development for early clinical diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human biopsies from basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, and nevus were used, while normal skin tissue served as a control. RESULTS: The high quality of Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra showed that upon cancer development the intensity of the absorption band at approximately 3062 cm-1 was increased, indicating that most of the proteins had the configuration of amide B and the β-sheet protein structure predominated...
November 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095655/efficacy-of-a-prevention-program-for-medial-elbow-injuries-in-youth-baseball-players
#13
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Tatsuhiro Suzuki, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball players are at high risk for elbow injuries, which can lead to future functional disability. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention program to lower the risk of medial elbow injury in these athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Youth baseball players, 8 to 11 years old, without a history of elbow and shoulder pain, were allocated to either the intervention (n = 136) or control (n = 169) group...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037627/does-ultrasound-therapy-add-to-the-effects-of-exercise-and-mobilization-in-frozen-shoulder-a-pilot-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#14
Safoora Ebadi, Bijan Forogh, Ehsan Fallah, Arash Babaei Ghazani
OBJECTIVE: This study intended to determine the extent to which Ultrasound could add to the effects of exercise and manual therapy in the rehabilitation treatment of primary adhesive capsulitis. DESIGN: A pilot double blind randomized clinical trial was carried out on 50 patients suffering from primary adhesive capsulitis. Intervention included continuous 3 MHz, 1.5 w/cm2 Ultrasound, applied for the first group and sham Ultrasound for the second group. In addition specific stretching and strengthening exercises as well as glenohumeral joint mobilization were delivered to both groups...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987105/communication-a-hydrogen-bonded-difluorocarbene-complex-ab-initio-and-matrix-isolation-study
#15
Ilya S Sosulin, Ekaterina S Shiryaeva, Daniil A Tyurin, Vladimir I Feldman
Structure and spectroscopic features of the CF2⋯HF complexes were studied by ab initio calculations at the CCSD(T) level and matrix isolation FTIR spectroscopy. The calculations predict three stable structures. The most energetically favorable structure corresponds to hydrogen bonding of HF to the lone pair of the C atom (the interaction energy of 3.58 kcal/mol), whereas two less stable structures are the H⋯F bonded complexes (the interaction energies of 0.30 and 0.24 kcal/mol). The former species was unambiguously characterized by the absorptions in the FTIR spectra observed after X-ray irradiation of fluoroform in a xenon matrix at 5 K...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975133/pectoralis-minor-contracture-in-throwing-shoulders-of-asymptomatic-adolescent-baseball-players
#16
Justin L Hodgins, William Rubenstein, David Kovacevic, Ajay Padaki, Charles M Jobin, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Although scapular malpositioning is commonly associated with rotational deficits and risk of injury, modifiable causes of such malpositioning in overhead athletes are not well described. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to examine the scapulothoracic profile of adolescent baseball players, specifically, pectoralis minor (PM) length. We hypothesized that PM would be shorter in throwing shoulders compared with nonthrowing shoulders. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939263/effects-of-stretching-exercise-training-and-ergonomic-modifications-on-musculoskeletal-discomforts-of-office-workers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ardalan Shariat, Joshua A Cleland, Mahmoud Danaee, Mehdi Kargarfard, Bahram Sangelaji, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise, ergonomic modification, and a combination of training exercise and ergonomic modification on the scores of pain in office workers with neck, shoulders, and lower back pain. METHODS: Participants (N=142) in this randomized controlled trial were office workers aged 20-50 years old with neck, shoulders, and lower back pain. They were randomly assigned to either the ergonomic modification group, the exercise group, the combined exercise and ergonomic modification group, or the control group (no-treatment)...
September 6, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901811/the-efficacy-of-stretching-exercises-to-reduce-posterior-shoulder-tightness-acutely-in-the-postoperative-population-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Paul A Salamh, Morey J Kolber, Eric J Hegedus, Chad E Cook
BACKGROUND: Posterior shoulder tightness (PST) is a postoperative complication leading to pain, impaired mobility, and reduced function. Despite the potential morbidity associated with PST, no studies have investigated the efficacy of shoulder-stretching methods in the postsurgical population. The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term efficacy of two stretches designed to reduce PST. METHODS: The study enrolled 63 patients [mean age 51 (12) years, height 173...
September 13, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888190/study-of-hydrogen-bonding-in-ethanol-water-binary-solutions-by-raman-spectroscopy
#19
Fabing Li, Zhiwei Men, Shuo Li, Shenghan Wang, Zhanlong Li, Chenglin Sun
Raman spectra of ethanol-water binary solutions have been observed at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. We find that with increasing ethanol concentration, the symmetric and asymmetric OH stretching vibrational mode (3286 and 3434cm(-1)) of water are shifted to lower frequency and the weak shoulder peak at 3615cm(-1) (free OH) disappears. These results indicate that ethanol strengthens hydrogen bonds in water. Simultaneously, our experiment shows that Raman shifts of ethanol reverses when the volume ratio of ethanol and the overall solution is 0...
September 1, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869417/efficacy-of-intensive-hand-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#20
József Horváth, Zsófia Bálint, Erika Szép, Aletta Deiszinger, Tünde Minier, Nelli Farkas, Enikő Török, Éva Horváthné Papp, Dalma Komjáti, Zsuzsanna Mándó, László Czirják, Cecilia Varjú
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a three-week period of complex and intensive hand physical therapy on hand function in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Thirty-one patients with SSc were treated. Hand stretching exercises, ergotherapy supplemented with thermal and mud baths, whirlpool therapy and soft tissue massage were daily used during a three-week period. The control SSc group (n=22) received similar management for their large joints leaving out their hands...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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