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Bin Cai, Vladimir Sayevich, Nikolai Gaponik, Alexander Eychmüller
Aerogels assembled from colloidal metal or semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) feature large surface area, ultralow density, and high porosity, thus rendering them attractive in various applications, such as catalysis, sensors, energy storage, and electronic devices. Morphological and structural modification of the aerogel backbones while maintaining the aerogel properties enables a second stage of the aerogel research, which is defined as hierarchical aerogels. Different from the conventional aerogels with nanowire-like backbones, those hierarchical aerogels are generally comprised of at least two levels of architectures, i...
June 19, 2018: Advanced Materials
Natasja Leth Bergholt, Morten Foss, Anwer Saeed, Nikolaj Gadegaard, Helle Lysdahl, Martin Lind, Casper Bindzus Foldager
Understanding the behavior of chondrocytes in contact with artificial culture surfaces is becoming increasingly important in attaining appropriate ex vivo culture conditions of chondrocytes in cartilage regeneration. Chondrocyte transplantation-based cartilage repair requires efficiently expanded chondrocytes and the culture surface plays an important role in guiding the behavior of the cell. Micro- and nanoengineered surfaces make it possible to modulate cell behavior. We hypothesized that the combined influence of topography, substrate, and surface chemistry may affect the chondrocyte culturing in terms of proliferation and phenotypic means...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
George Kerry Rout, Han-Seung Shin, Sushanto Gouda, Sabuj Sahoo, Gitishree Das, Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto, Jayanta Kumar Patra
Nanodrug delivery systems sometimes referred to as nanocarriers (NCs) are nanoengineered biocompatible materials or devices, which in conjugation with desired bioactive compounds plays an indispensable functional role in the field of pharmaceutical and allied sciences. The diversified ability of this bioengineered colloidal or noncolloidal molecule to breach the biological barriers to reach the targeted location in the biological system uplifts its other versatile natures of mono- or polydispersity in biodistribution...
June 7, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Huan-Pu Yeh, Andrea C Del Valle, Ming-Chen Syu, Yu Qian, Yu-Cheng Chang, Yu-Fen Huang
Abnormal biochemical alteration such as unbalanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels has been considered as a potential disease-specific trigger to deliver therapeutics to target sites. However, in view of their minute variations in concentration, short lifetimes, and limited ranges of action, in situ generation of ROS with specific manipulations should be more effective for ROS-responsive drug delivery. Here we present a new delivery nanoplatform for photodynamic therapy (PDT) with on-demand drug release regulated by light irradiation...
June 4, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Anjum Gahlaut, Vinita Hooda, Ashish Gothwal, Vikas Hooda
In the present era of rapid international globalization and industrialization, intensive use of nitrite as a fertilizing agent in agriculture, preservative, dyeing agent, food additive and as corrosion inhibitor in industrial sectors is adversely effecting environment, natural habitats and human health. The issue of toxicity and carcinogenicity due to excessive ingestion of nitrites via the dietary intake has led to an imminent need for its efficient real-time monitoring in situ. Nitrite detection employing electrochemical biosensors has been gaining high credibility in the field of clinical research...
May 14, 2018: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
Rui Wu, Ahmed Kursumovic, Xingyao Gao, Chao Yun, Mary E Vickers, Haiyan Wang, Seungho Cho, Judith L MacManus-Driscoll
Electric field control of magnetism is a critical future technology for low-power, ultrahigh density memory. However, despite intensive research efforts, no practical material systems have emerged. Interface-coupled, composite systems containing ferroelectric and ferri-/ferromagnetic elements have been widely explored, but they have a range of problems, for example, substrate clamping, large leakage, and inability to miniaturize. In this work, through careful material selection, design, and nanoengineering, a high-performance room-temperature magnetoelectric system is demonstrated...
May 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kanika Thakur, Gajanand Sharma, Bhupinder Singh, Sanjay Chhibber, A B Patil, Om Prakash Katare
The current research study intends to explore the combined potential of lipid nanoparticles and chitosan as an optimum therapy for the management of wound infections. Fusidic acid (FA), a steroidal antibiotic employed for treatment of primary and secondary topical infections was encapsulated within the nanoengineered lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (FA-LPHNs). A number of variables like lipid/polymer ratio, lipid, surfactant and chitosan concentration, stirring speed were optimized to get the desired particle size and % entrapment efficiency...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
F Rizzo, A Augieri, A Kursumovic, M Bianchetti, L Opherden, M Sieger, R Hühne, J Hänisch, A Meledin, G Van Tendeloo, J L MacManus-Driscoll, G Celentano
An outstanding current carrying performance (namely critical current density, Jc) over a broad temperature range of 10-77 K for magnetic fields up to 12 T is reported for films of YBa2Cu3O7-x with Ba2Y(Nb,Ta)O6 inclusion pinning centres (YBCO-BYNTO) and thicknesses in the range of 220-500 nm. Jc values of 10 MA cm-2 were measured at 30 K - 5 T and 10 K - 9 T with a corresponding maximum of the pinning force density at 10 K close to 1 TN m-3. The system is very flexible regarding properties and microstructure tuning, and the growth window for achieving a particular microstructure is wide, which is very important for industrial processing...
May 3, 2018: Nanoscale
YoungTae Seo, Sunil Jeong, JuKyung Lee, Hak Soo Choi, Jonghan Kim, HeaYeon Lee
Nanostructured biosensors have pioneered biomedical engineering by providing highly sensitive analyses of biomolecules. The nanowell array (NWA)-based biosensing platform is particularly innovative, where the small size of NWs within the array permits extremely profound sensing of a small quantity of biomolecules. Undoubtedly, the NWA geometry of a gently-sloped vertical wall is critical for selective docking of specific proteins without capillary resistances, and nanoprocessing has contributed to the fabrication of NWA electrodes on gold substrate such as molding process, e-beam lithography, and krypton-fluoride (KrF) stepper semiconductor method...
2018: Nano Convergence
Jason V Wandiyanto, Denver Linklater, Pallale G Tharushi Perera, Anna Orlowska, Vi Khanh Truong, Helmut Thissen, Shahram Ghanaati, Vladimir Baulin, Russell J Crawford, Saulius Juodkazis, Elena P Ivanova
Titanium is a biocompatible material that is frequently used for making implantable medical devices. Nanoengineering of the surface is the common method for increasing material biocompatibility, and while the nanostructured materials are well-known to represent attractive substrata for eukaryotic cells, very little information has been documented about the interaction between mammalian cells and bactericidal nanostructured surfaces. In this study, we investigated the effect of bactericidal titanium nanostructures on PC12 cell attachment and differentiation—a cell line which has become a widely used in vitro model to study neuronal differentiation...
April 14, 2018: Materials
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nature
Gang Wang, Minghao Yu, Jungang Wang, Debao Li, Deming Tan, Markus Löffler, Xiaodong Zhuang, Klaus Müllen, Xinliang Feng
Developing high-power cathodes is crucial to construct next-generation quick-charge batteries for electric transportation and grid applications. However, this mainly relies on nanoengineering strategies at the expense of low scalability and high battery cost. Another option is provided herein to build high-power cathodes by exploiting inexpensive bulk graphite as the active electrode material, where anion intercalation is involved. With the assistance of a strong alginate binder, the disintegration problem of graphite cathodes due to the large volume variation of >130% is well suppressed, making it possible to investigate the intrinsic electrochemical behavior and to elucidate the charge storage kinetics of graphite cathodes...
May 2018: Advanced Materials
Jingyi Zhu, Mingkang Zhang, Diwei Zheng, Sheng Hong, Jun Feng, Xian-Zheng Zhang
Biomimetic nanoengineering built through integrating the specific cell membrane with artificially synthetic nanomedicines represents one of the most promising directions for the actualization of personalized therapy. For addressing the technical hurdle against the development of this biomimetic technology, the present report describes the in-depth exploration and optimization over each critical preparation step, including establishment of a nanoparticle-stabilized dispersion system, cargo loading, membrane coating, and product isolation...
April 6, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Tao Liu, Mingkang Zhang, Wenlong Liu, Xuan Zeng, Xianlin Song, Xiaoquan Yang, Xianzheng Zhang, Jun Feng
This study reports a family of photothermal materials, metal ion/tannic acid assemblies (MITAs). MITAs from FeIII , VIII , and RuIII afford excellent photothermal efficiency (η ≈ 40%). Sharply differing from the currently existing photothermal agents, MITAs are highlighted by merits including green synthesis, facile incorporation of diagnostic metal ions, and particularly topology-independent adhesion. Owing to the adhesion nature of MITAs, various kinds of MITA-based nanoengineerings are readily available via the self-adhesion of MITAs onto diverse templates, enabling MITAs well suited as a photothermal platform for versatile combination with other therapy approaches and imaging techniques...
April 24, 2018: ACS Nano
Fengwang Li, Douglas R MacFarlane, Jie Zhang
Emissions of CO2 from fossil fuel combustion and industrial processes have been regarded as the dominant cause of global warming. Electrochemical CO2 reduction (ECR), ideally in aqueous media, could potentially solve this problem by the storage of energy from renewable sources in the form of chemical energy in fuels or value-added chemicals in a sustainable manner. However, because of the sluggish reaction kinetics of the ECR, efficient, selective, and durable electrocatalysts are required to increase the rate this reaction...
April 5, 2018: Nanoscale
Liga Saulite, Karlis Pleiko, Ineta Popena, Dominyka Dapkute, Ricardas Rotomskis, Una Riekstina
We created a 3D cell co-culture model by combining nanoengineered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with the metastatic breast cancer cell line MDA-MD-231 and primary breast cancer cell line MCF7 to explore the transfer of quantum dots (QDs) to cancer cells. First, the optimal conditions for high-content QD loading in MSCs were established. Then, QD uptake in breast cancer cells was assessed after 24 h in a 3D co-culture with nanoengineered MSCs. We found that incubation of MSCs with QDs in a serum-free medium provided the best accumulation results...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Malin Nordenström, Anastasia V Riazanova, Mikael Järn, Thomas Paulraj, Charlotta Turner, Valter Ström, Richard T Olsson, Anna J Svagan
Microcapsules with specific functional properties, related to the capsule wall and core, are highly desired in a number of applications. In this study, hybrid cellulose microcapsules (1.2 ± 0.4 µm in diameter) were prepared by nanoengineering the outer walls of precursor capsules. Depending on the preparation route, capsules with different surface roughness (raspberry or broccoli-like), and thereby different wetting properties, could be obtained. The tunable surface roughness was achieved as a result of the chemical and structural properties of the outer wall of a precursor capsule, which combined with a new processing route allowed in-situ formation of silica nanoparticles (30-40 nm or 70 nm in diameter)...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yingtian Yu, N M Anoop Krishnan, Morten M Smedskjaer, Gaurav Sant, Mathieu Bauchy
The surface reactivity and hydrophilicity of silicate materials are key properties for various industrial applications. However, the structural origin of their affinity for water remains unclear. Here, based on reactive molecular dynamics simulations of a series of artificial glassy silica surfaces annealed at various temperatures and subsequently exposed to water, we show that silica exhibits a hydrophilic-to-hydrophobic transition driven by its silanol surface density. By applying topological constraint theory, we show that the surface reactivity and hydrophilic/hydrophobic character of silica are controlled by the atomic topology of its surface...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Xiaowei Zhang, Hee Jeong Yoon, Min Gyeong Kang, Gyeong Jin Kim, Sun Young Shin, Sang Hong Baek, Jung Gyu Lee, Jingjing Bai, Sang Yoon Lee, Mi Jung Choi, Kwonho Hong, Hojae Bae
Abstract : Citrons have been widely used for medicinal purposes for a long time, but the application of citron in the food industry is still restricted. The extensive advantages of nanotechnology in the food industry have greatly broadened the application of foods. In this study, by employing nanotechnology, we prepared citron-extract nanoparticle with an average size of 174.11 ± 3.89 nm, containing protein peptide and/or liposome. In order to evaluate the toxicity of nanoparticles and to ensure food safety, biological cytotoxicity at the cell and genomic levels was also identified to examine the toxicity of citron extracts by using an in vitro system...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
David Chimene, Charles W Peak, James L Gentry, James K Carrow, Lauren M Cross, Eli Mondragon, Guinea B Cardoso, Roland Kaunas, Akhilesh K Gaharwar
We introduce an enhanced nanoengineered ionic-covalent entanglement (NICE) bioink for the fabrication of mechanically stiff and elastomeric 3D biostructures. NICE bioink formulations combine nanocomposite and ionic-covalent entanglement (ICE) strengthening mechanisms to print customizable cell-laden constructs for tissue engineering with high structural fidelity and mechanical stiffness. Nanocomposite and ICE strengthening mechanisms complement each other through synergistic interactions, improving mechanical strength, elasticity, toughness, and flow properties beyond the sum of the effects of either reinforcement technique alone...
March 28, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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