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F Rizzo, A Augieri, A Kursumovic, M Bianchetti, L Opherden, M Sieger, R Hühne, J Hänisch, A Meledin, G Van Tendeloo, J L MacManus-Driscoll, G Celentano
An outstanding current carrying performance (namely critical current density, Jc) over a broad temperature range of 10-77 K for magnetic fields up to 12 T is reported for films of YBa2Cu3O7-x with Ba2Y(Nb,Ta)O6 inclusion pinning centres (YBCO-BYNTO) and thicknesses in the range of 220-500 nm. Jc values of 10 MA cm-2 were measured at 30 K - 5 T and 10 K - 9 T with a corresponding maximum of the pinning force density at 10 K close to 1 TN m-3. The system is very flexible regarding properties and microstructure tuning, and the growth window for achieving a particular microstructure is wide, which is very important for industrial processing...
April 20, 2018: Nanoscale
YoungTae Seo, Sunil Jeong, JuKyung Lee, Hak Soo Choi, Jonghan Kim, HeaYeon Lee
Nanostructured biosensors have pioneered biomedical engineering by providing highly sensitive analyses of biomolecules. The nanowell array (NWA)-based biosensing platform is particularly innovative, where the small size of NWs within the array permits extremely profound sensing of a small quantity of biomolecules. Undoubtedly, the NWA geometry of a gently-sloped vertical wall is critical for selective docking of specific proteins without capillary resistances, and nanoprocessing has contributed to the fabrication of NWA electrodes on gold substrate such as molding process, e-beam lithography, and krypton-fluoride (KrF) stepper semiconductor method...
2018: Nano Convergence
Jason V Wandiyanto, Denver Linklater, Pallale G Tharushi Perera, Anna Orlowska, Vi Khanh Truong, Helmut Thissen, Shahram Ghanaati, Vladimir Baulin, Russell J Crawford, Saulius Juodkazis, Elena P Ivanova
Titanium is a biocompatible material that is frequently used for making implantable medical devices. Nanoengineering of the surface is the common method for increasing material biocompatibility, and while the nanostructured materials are well-known to represent attractive substrata for eukaryotic cells, very little information has been documented about the interaction between mammalian cells and bactericidal nanostructured surfaces. In this study, we investigated the effect of bactericidal titanium nanostructures on PC12 cell attachment and differentiation—a cell line which has become a widely used in vitro model to study neuronal differentiation...
April 14, 2018: Materials
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nature
Gang Wang, Minghao Yu, Jungang Wang, Debao Li, Deming Tan, Markus Löffler, Xiaodong Zhuang, Klaus Müllen, Xinliang Feng
Developing high-power cathodes is crucial to construct next-generation quick-charge batteries for electric transportation and grid applications. However, this mainly relies on nanoengineering strategies at the expense of low scalability and high battery cost. Another option is provided herein to build high-power cathodes by exploiting inexpensive bulk graphite as the active electrode material, where anion intercalation is involved. With the assistance of a strong alginate binder, the disintegration problem of graphite cathodes due to the large volume variation of >130% is well suppressed, making it possible to investigate the intrinsic electrochemical behavior and to elucidate the charge storage kinetics of graphite cathodes...
March 30, 2018: Advanced Materials
Jingyi Zhu, Mingkang Zhang, Diwei Zheng, Sheng Hong, Jun Feng, Xian-Zheng Zhang
Biomimetic nanoengineering built through integrating the specific cell membrane with artificially synthetic nanomedicines represents one of the most promising directions for the actualization of personalized therapy. To address the technical hurdle against the development of this biomimetic technology, the present report describes the in-depth exploration and optimization over each critical preparation step, including establishment of nanoparticle-stabilized dispersion system, cargo loading, membrane coating and product isolation...
March 27, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Tao Liu, Mingkang Zhang, Wenlong Liu, Xuan Zeng, Xianlin Song, Xiaoquan Yang, Xianzheng Zhang, Jun Feng
This study reports a family of photothermal materials, metal ion/tannic acid assemblies (MITAs). MITAs from FeIII , VIII , and RuIII afford excellent photothermal efficiency (η ≈ 40%). Sharply differing from the currently existing photothermal agents, MITAs are highlighted by merits including green synthesis, facile incorporation of diagnostic metal ions, and particularly topology-independent adhesion. Owing to the adhesion nature of MITAs, various kinds of MITA-based nanoengineerings are readily available via the self-adhesion of MITAs onto diverse templates, enabling MITAs well suited as a photothermal platform for versatile combination with other therapy approaches and imaging techniques...
March 28, 2018: ACS Nano
Fengwang Li, Douglas R MacFarlane, Jie Zhang
Emissions of CO2 from fossil fuel combustion and industrial processes have been regarded as the dominant cause of global warming. Electrochemical CO2 reduction (ECR), ideally in aqueous media, could potentially solve this problem by the storage of energy from renewable sources in the form of chemical energy in fuels or value-added chemicals in a sustainable manner. However, because of the sluggish reaction kinetics of the ECR, efficient, selective, and durable electrocatalysts are required to increase the rate this reaction...
March 23, 2018: Nanoscale
Liga Saulite, Karlis Pleiko, Ineta Popena, Dominyka Dapkute, Ricardas Rotomskis, Una Riekstina
We created a 3D cell co-culture model by combining nanoengineered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with the metastatic breast cancer cell line MDA-MD-231 and primary breast cancer cell line MCF7 to explore the transfer of quantum dots (QDs) to cancer cells. First, the optimal conditions for high-content QD loading in MSCs were established. Then, QD uptake in breast cancer cells was assessed after 24 h in a 3D co-culture with nanoengineered MSCs. We found that incubation of MSCs with QDs in a serum-free medium provided the best accumulation results...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Malin Nordenström, Anastasia V Riazanova, Mikael Järn, Thomas Paulraj, Charlotta Turner, Valter Ström, Richard T Olsson, Anna J Svagan
Microcapsules with specific functional properties, related to the capsule wall and core, are highly desired in a number of applications. In this study, hybrid cellulose microcapsules (1.2 ± 0.4 µm in diameter) were prepared by nanoengineering the outer walls of precursor capsules. Depending on the preparation route, capsules with different surface roughness (raspberry or broccoli-like), and thereby different wetting properties, could be obtained. The tunable surface roughness was achieved as a result of the chemical and structural properties of the outer wall of a precursor capsule, which combined with a new processing route allowed in-situ formation of silica nanoparticles (30-40 nm or 70 nm in diameter)...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yingtian Yu, N M Anoop Krishnan, Morten M Smedskjaer, Gaurav Sant, Mathieu Bauchy
The surface reactivity and hydrophilicity of silicate materials are key properties for various industrial applications. However, the structural origin of their affinity for water remains unclear. Here, based on reactive molecular dynamics simulations of a series of artificial glassy silica surfaces annealed at various temperatures and subsequently exposed to water, we show that silica exhibits a hydrophilic-to-hydrophobic transition driven by its silanol surface density. By applying topological constraint theory, we show that the surface reactivity and hydrophilic/hydrophobic character of silica are controlled by the atomic topology of its surface...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Xiaowei Zhang, Hee Jeong Yoon, Min Gyeong Kang, Gyeong Jin Kim, Sun Young Shin, Sang Hong Baek, Jung Gyu Lee, Jingjing Bai, Sang Yoon Lee, Mi Jung Choi, Kwonho Hong, Hojae Bae
Abstract : Citrons have been widely used for medicinal purposes for a long time, but the application of citron in the food industry is still restricted. The extensive advantages of nanotechnology in the food industry have greatly broadened the application of foods. In this study, by employing nanotechnology, we prepared citron-extract nanoparticle with an average size of 174.11 ± 3.89 nm, containing protein peptide and/or liposome. In order to evaluate the toxicity of nanoparticles and to ensure food safety, biological cytotoxicity at the cell and genomic levels was also identified to examine the toxicity of citron extracts by using an in vitro system...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
David Chimene, Charles W Peak, James Gentry, James K Carrow, Lauren M Cross, Eli Mondragon, Guinea B C Cardoso, Roland Kaunas, Akhilesh K Gaharwar
We introduce an enhanced nanoengineered ionic covalent entanglement (NICE) bioink for the fabrication of mechanically stiff and elastomeric 3D biostructures. NICE bioink formulations combine nanocomposite and ionic covalent entanglement (ICE) strengthening mechanisms to print customizable cell-laden constructs for tissue engineering with high structural fidelity and mechanical stiffness. Nanocomposite and ICE strengthening mechanisms complement each other through their synergistic interactions, improving mechanical strength, elasticity, toughness, and flow properties beyond the sum of the effects of both reinforcement techniques alone...
February 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Abhijeet L Sangle, Oon Jew Lee, Ahmed Kursumovic, Wenrui Zhang, Aiping Chen, Haiyan Wang, Judith L MacManus-Driscoll
We report on nanoengineered SrTiO 3 -Sm 2 O 3 nanocomposite thin films with the highest reported values of commutation quality factor (CQF or K-factor) of >2800 in SrTiO 3 at room temperature. The films also had a large tunability of dielectric constant (49%), low tangent loss (tan δ = 0.01) and a Curie temperature for SrTiO 3 > 300 °C, making them very attractive for tunable RF applications. The enhanced properties originate from the unique nanostructure in the films, with <20 nm diameter strain-controlling Sm 2 O 3 nanocolumns embedded in a SrTiO 3 matrix...
February 15, 2018: Nanoscale
Shaofang Fu, Chengzhou Zhu, Dong Su, Junhua Song, Siyu Yao, Shuo Feng, Mark H Engelhard, Dan Du, Yuehe Lin
As one of the alternatives to replace precious metal catalysts, transition-metal-nitrogen-carbon (M-N-C) electrocatalysts have attracted great research interest due to their low cost and good catalytic activities. Despite nanostructured M-N-C catalysts can achieve good electrochemical performances, they are vulnerable to aggregation and insufficient catalytic sites upon continuous catalytic reaction. In this work, metal-organic frameworks derived porous single-atom electrocatalysts (SAEs) were successfully prepared by simple pyrolysis procedure without any further posttreatment...
February 12, 2018: Small
Bo Yu, Shreya Goel, Dalong Ni, Paul A Ellison, Cerise M Siamof, Dawei Jiang, Liang Cheng, Lei Kang, Faquan Yu, Zhuang Liu, Todd E Barnhart, Qianjun He, Han Zhang, Weibo Cai
Nanoengineering of cell membranes holds great potential to revolutionize tumor-targeted theranostics, owing to their innate biocompatibility and ability to escape from the immune and reticuloendothelial systems. However, tailoring and integrating cell membranes with drug and imaging agents into one versatile nanoparticle are still challenging. Here, multicompartment membrane-derived liposomes (MCLs) are developed by reassembling cancer cell membranes with Tween-80, and are used to conjugate 89 Zr via deferoxamine chelator and load tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin for in vivo noninvasive quantitative tracing by positron emission tomography imaging and photodynamic therapy (PDT), respectively...
February 12, 2018: Advanced Materials
Giriraj Lokhande, James K Carrow, Teena Thakur, Janet R Xavier, Madasamy Parani, Kayla J Bayless, Akhilesh K Gaharwar
We report injectable nanoengineered hemostats for enhanced wound healing and tissue regeneration. The nanoengineered system consists of the natural polysaccharide, κ-carrageenan (κCA), loaded with bioactive two-dimensional (2D) nanosilicates. Nanoengineered hydrogels showed shear-thinning characteristics and can be injected for a minimally invasive approach. The hydrogel can be physically crosslinked in presence of monovalent ions and result in mechanically strong hydrogels. By controlling the ratio between κCA and nanosilicates, compressive stiffness of nanoengineered hydrogels can be modulated between 20 to 200kPa...
February 6, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Weiqiang Chen, Shuo Han, Weiyi Qian, Shinuo Weng, Haiou Yang, Yubing Sun, Luis G Villa-Diaz, Paul H Krebsbach, Jianping Fu
The regulation of human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) behaviors has been mainly studied through exploration of biochemical factors. However, the current directed differentiation protocols for hPSCs that completely rely on biochemical factors remain suboptimal. It has recently become evident that coexisting biophysical signals in the stem cell microenvironment, including nanotopographic cues, can provide potent regulatory signals to mediate adult stem cell behaviors, including self-renewal and differentiation...
February 7, 2018: Nanoscale
Chava Angell, Mingxuan Kai, Sibai Xie, Xiangyi Dong, Yi Chen
Beside its genomic properties, DNA is also recognized as a novel material in the field of nanoengineering. The specific bonding of base pairs can be used to direct the assembly of highly structured materials with specific nanoscale features such as periodic 2D arrays, 3D nanostructures, assembly of nanomaterials, and DNA nanomachines. In recent years, a variety of DNA nanomachines are developed because of their many potential applications in biosensing, diagnostics, and therapeutic applications. In this review, the fuel-powered motors and secondary structure motors, whose working mechanisms are inspired or derived from natural phenomena and nanomachines, are discussed...
January 19, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Mohammad Shakir, Iram Zia, Abdur Rehman, Rizwan Ullah
In this communication we describe the fabrication of nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan-tamarind seed polysaccharide (n-HA/CS-TSP) nanocomposite with a weight ratio of 70/20/10, 70/15/15 and 70/10/20, respectively through a co-precipitation method. A comparative assessment of the properties of n-HA/CS-TSP and n-HA/CS nanocomposites was done by FT-IR, SEM-EDX, TEM, TGA/DTA, XRD and mechanical testing. The results suggested strong chemical interactions between the three components, decreased particle size and homogeneous dispersion of n-HA particles in n-HA/CS-TSP as compared to n-HA/CS...
May 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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