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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930235/current-usage-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-breast-cancer-a-narrative-approach-to-the-experiences-of-women-with-breast-cancer-in-australia-a-pilot-study
#1
Dianna Porter, Suzanne Cochrane, Xiaoshu Zhu
Background: The use of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) by breast cancer patients is growing. Few studies have examined the complexity of breast cancer survivors' attitudes, lived experiences, barriers, and perceptions in using TCM as part of their treatment journey. This article examines breast cancer survivors' experiences, perceptions of, and benefits (or not) in using TCM. Methods: Qualitative research, using semi-structured interviews, was the chosen methodology. Results: Participants used TCM as a form of self-help and as a complement, not an alternative, to standard care...
April 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929784/investigating-children-s-perception-of-nurses-through-their-drawings
#2
Nazan Çakirer Çalbayram, Sebahat Altundağ, Bahise Aydin
Hospitalized children can have various fantasies about hospital, health staff, and related tools and equipment. They need to develop new coping strategies for compliance with hospitalization.This study aimed to investigate the perception of nurses by children with acute and chronic illness through their drawings. The study was carried out using a descriptive research model. "Nurses through the eyes of sick children data collection form" was used in data collection procedure. The instruction "draw a picture of a nurse, please" was used to get the children to draw a picture...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929324/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-neurocritical-care
#3
Jeffrey F Barletta, Alicia J Mangram, Joseph F Sucher, Victor Zach
Stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) with acid-suppressive drug therapy is widely utilized in critically ill patients following neurologic injury for the prevention of clinically important stress-related gastrointestinal bleeding (CIB). Data supporting SUP, however, largely originates from studies conducted during an era where practices were vastly different than what is considered routine by today's standard. This is particularly true in neurocritical care patients. In fact, the routine provision of SUP has been challenged due to an increasing prevalence of adverse drug events with acid-suppressive therapy and the perception that CIB rates are sparse...
September 19, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923963/mistiming-of-thought-and-perception-predicts-delusionality
#4
Adam Bear, Rebecca G Fortgang, Michael V Bronstein, Tyrone D Cannon
The timing of thoughts and perceptions plays an essential role in belief formation. Just as people can experience in-the-moment perceptual illusions, however, they can also be deceived about how events unfold in time. Here, we consider how a particular type of temporal distortion, in which the apparent future influences "earlier" events in conscious awareness, might affect people's most fundamental beliefs about themselves and the world. Making use of a task that has been shown to elicit such reversals in the temporal experience of prediction and observation, we find that people who are more prone to think that they predicted an event that they actually already observed are also more likely to report holding delusion-like beliefs...
September 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923020/caretakers-understanding-of-malaria-use-of-insecticide-treated-net-and-care-seeking-behavior-for-febrile-illness-of-their-children-in-ethiopia
#5
Zewdie Birhanu, Yemane Ye-Ebiyo Yihdego, Delenasaw Yewhalaw
BACKGROUND: Local understandings of malaria and use of preventive measures-are critical factors in sustained control of malaria. This study assessed caretakers' knowledge on malaria, use of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) and care-seeking behavior for their children's illness in different malaria transmission settings of Ethiopia. METHODS: Data were collected from 709 caretakers of children of 2-9 years of age during in 2016. A standard questionnaire was used to assess caretakers' perceptions of malaria, use of LLIN and care seeking behavior for febrile illness of children aged 2-9 years...
September 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922981/occupation-as-marker-of-self-occupation-in-relation-to-self-among-people-with-advanced-cancer
#6
Jesper Larsen Maersk, Helle Johannessen, Karen la Cour
BACKGROUND: Living with advanced cancer can have a profound impact on the person's self. A person's self is influenced by various aspects of daily life, including engagement in occupation. From an occupational perspective, little research has been done to explore how the self of people with advanced cancer is formed through their engagement in occupation. AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore how people with advanced cancer experience that their sense of self is formed through engagement in occupation...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919589/from-woohwang-cheongsimwon-to-ginseng-the-history-of-medicine-use-in-the-joseon-era
#7
Seong-Su Kim
In Korean traditional medicine, though herbal decoction, acupuncture, and moxibustion are all used to treat diseases, restorative medicines are the most widely preferred treatment method. This paper explores the historical background of restorative herbal medicines and ginseng among the Korean public and Korean traditional medicine practice. It also seeks to clarify how social and cultural perspectives on drug use have changed since restorative medicine became mainstream during the Joseon era. Drug use tendencies were affected by the medical system of the Joseon Dynasty, patients' desires for reliable treatment, and perceptions of the human body and the causes of disease...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915367/breathlessness-and-the-body-neuroimaging-clues-for-the-inferential-leap
#8
Olivia K Faull, Anja Hayen, Kyle T S Pattinson
Breathlessness debilitates millions of people with chronic illness. Mismatch between breathlessness severity and objective disease markers is common and poorly understood. Traditionally, sensory perception was conceptualised as a stimulus-response relationship, although this cannot explain how conditioned symptoms may occur in the absence of physiological signals from the lungs or airways. A Bayesian model is now proposed, in which the brain generates sensations based on expectations learnt from past experiences (priors), which are then checked against incoming afferent signals...
August 9, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914487/illness-perceptions-explain-the-variance-in-functional-disability-but-not-habitual-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Marijke Leysen, Jo Nijs, Paul Van Wilgen, Filip Struyf, Mira Meeus, Erik Fransen, Christophe Demoulin, Rob Smeets, Nathalie A Roussel
INTRODUCTION: Although the importance of psychosocial factors has been highlighted in many studies in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), there is a lack of research examining the role of illness perceptions in explaining functional disability and physical activity in patients with CLBP. AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the value of illness perceptions in explaining functional disability and physical activity in patients with CLBP. METHODS: Eighty-four participants with CLBP (> 3 months) completed a battery of questionnaires investigating psychosocial factors (pain catastrophizing scale (PCS), illness perceptions questionnaire revised (IPQ-R) and SF-36 mental health scale (SF-36_MH)) as well as the perceived pain intensity (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Baecke questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911881/tailoring-the-orthopaedic-consultation-how-perceived-patient-characteristics-influence-surgeons-communication
#10
Tessa Dekkers, Marijke Melles, Nina M C Mathijssen, Stephan B W Vehmeijer, Huib de Ridder
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether and how orthopaedic surgeons tailor communication during medical consultations based on perceived patient characteristics. METHODS: Seven orthopaedic surgeons were repeatedly interviewed following an approach based on ecological momentary assessment. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the eighty short interviews. The association between patient characteristics and tailoring approaches was explored in a correspondence analysis of the counted codes...
September 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911251/patient-enablement-after-a-single-appointment-with-a-gp-analysis-of-finnish-qualicopc-data
#11
Elina Tolvanen, Tuomas H Koskela, Mika Helminen, Elise Kosunen
BACKGROUND: Patient enablement is described as patient's ability to understand and cope with illness after a consultation. The purpose of this study was to analyze factors associated with enablement in Finnish primary health care. An additional aim was to evaluate whether a single question could be used to measure enablement. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was addressed to Finnish general practitioners (GPs) within the Quality and Costs of Primary Care in Europe (QUALICOPC) study framework...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901831/collaboration-between-biomedical-and-complementary-and-alternative-care-providers-barriers-and-pathways
#12
Alberta S J van der Watt, Gareth Nortje, Lola Kola, John Appiah-Poku, Caleb Othieno, Benjamin Harris, Bibilola D Oladeji, Oluyomi Esan, Victor Makanjuola, LeShawndra N Price, Soraya Seedat, Oye Gureje
We examined the scope of collaborative care for persons with mental illness as implemented by traditional healers, faith healers, and biomedical care providers. We conducted semistructured focus group discussions in Ghana, Kenya, and Nigeria with traditional healers, faith healers, biomedical care providers, patients, and their caregivers. Transcribed data were thematically analyzed. A barrier to collaboration was distrust, influenced by factionalism, charlatanism, perceptions of superiority, limited roles, and responsibilities...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901578/irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-asia-pathogenesis-natural-history-epidemiology-and-management
#13
REVIEW
Kok-Ann Gwee, Uday Chand Ghoshal, Minhu Chen
Historically, the epidemiology of gastrointestinal diseases in Asia was different from that in Western countries. Early studies suggested a low prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in Asia. As the diagnosis of IBS is symptom-based, and as symptom perception, expression and interpretation, are influenced by sociocultural perspectives including language, the presentation of IBS is expected to vary in different communities. Furthermore, the pathogenesis is multifactorial with psychosocial (stress, illness, behavior, diet) and biological (infection, gut microbiota, immune activation) variables interacting, and so we can anticipate that the development of IBS will vary in different environments...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899641/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-medication-use-in-adolescents-the-patient-s-perspective
#14
Richelle C Kosse, Marcel L Bouvy, Daphne Philbert, Tjalling W de Vries, Ellen S Koster
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to gain more insight into the attitudes of adolescents using medication for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study among adolescents (aged 12-18 years) who filled at least two prescriptions for ADHD medication in the preceding year was conducted. Adolescents were invited to fill in an online questionnaire containing questions on sociodemographics, health status, illness perceptions, medication adherence, and medication beliefs...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899202/a-serial-mediation-model-of-workplace-social-support-on-work-productivity-the-role-of-self-stigma-and-job-tenure-self-efficacy-in-people-with-severe-mental-disorders
#15
Patrizia Villotti, Marc Corbière, Carolyn S Dewa, Franco Fraccaroli, Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Sara Zaniboni, Tania Lecomte
PURPOSE: Compared to groups with other disabilities, people with a severe mental illness face the greatest stigma and barriers to employment opportunities. This study contributes to the understanding of the relationship between workplace social support and work productivity in people with severe mental illness working in Social Enterprises by taking into account the mediating role of self-stigma and job tenure self-efficacy. METHOD: A total of 170 individuals with a severe mental disorder employed in a Social Enterprise filled out questionnaires assessing personal and work-related variables at Phase-1 (baseline) and Phase-2 (6-month follow-up)...
September 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898165/internalized-stigma-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#16
Siddharth Sarkar, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Saurabh Kumar, Vinay Saini, Akriti Kamran, Vaibhav Patil, Swarndeep Singh, Shreeya Gyawali
Internalized stigma among individuals with substance use disorders is a major barrier for accessing mental health services. This study aimed to assess internalized stigma among individuals with substance use disorders and to assess the relationship of internalized stigma with the quality of life. This cross-sectional study recruited 201 patients with a clinical diagnosis of at least opioid or alcohol use disorder according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 at a public-funded tertiary care center in India...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895233/validation-of-the-opportunity-for-treatment-in-oncology-option-questionnaire-measuring-continuity-of-care
#17
Paola Rucci, Silvia Foglino, Francesca Bravi, Rossella D'Avenia, Mattia Altini, Tiziano Carradori, Angela Angelastro, Maria Pia Fantini
Increasing efforts are ongoing to deliver effective cancer care through integrated networks of services. Measuring patients' experience of care is essential to identify problematic areas that require organisational adjustments. The aim of the present study was to examine the validity of OPTION questionnaire, designed to measure patient's perceived continuity of care across different phases of their care pathway. The study was carried at the Institute for Cancer Treatment and Research, Meldola and the oncology departments of the Local Health Authority of Romagna, Italy...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895092/neural-response-to-evaluating-depression-predicts-perceivers-mental-health-treatment-recommendations
#18
Anne C Krendl, Brittany S Cassidy
Nonstigmatized perceivers' initial evaluations of stigmatized individuals have profound consequences for the well-being of those stigmatized individuals. However, the mechanism by which this occurs remains underexplored. Specifically, what beliefs about the stigmatized condition (stigma-related beliefs) shape how nonstigmatized perceivers evaluate and behave toward stigmatized individuals? We examined these questions with respect to depression-related stigmatization because depression is highly stigmatized and nondepressed individuals' behavior (e...
September 11, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893471/illness-perceptions-and-negative-responses-from-medical-professionals-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-association-with-patient-satisfaction-and-number-of-hospital-visits
#19
Mieko Homma, Hirono Ishikawa, Takahiro Kiuchi
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether illness perceptions among patients with fibromyalgia and negative responses from medical professionals correlate with their satisfaction with their physicians or with their number of hospital visits. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent by post to members of the Japan Fibromyalgia Support Association. Measures collected included, as independent variables, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and the Illness Invalidation Inventory; and as outcomes, the Patient Satisfaction Consultation Questionnaire and the number of hospital visits...
August 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893102/imaging-and-imagining-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-uruguayans-draw-their-lungs
#20
Megan Wainwright
PURPOSE: This anthropological study investigated what people imagined chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to look like in their lungs, what may be influencing these images and how this imagery shapes embodiment. METHOD: Employing graphic elicitation, in one of multiple ethnographic interviews, participants were asked to draw their lungs: "If we could look inside your chest now, what would we see?" Lung drawings and accompanying narratives and fieldnotes from 14 participants were analyzed for themes and patterns...
September 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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