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illness perception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334517/the-effect-of-arthropathies-on-illness-perceptions-coping-strategies-outcomes-and-their-changes-over-time-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#1
Sanne J H van Erp, Mike van der Have, Herma H Fidder, Désirée van der Heijde, Ron Wolterbeek, Daniel W Hommes, Ad A Kaptein, Andrea E van der Meulen-de Jong
OBJECTIVES: Arthropathies are a common extraintestinal manifestation (EIM) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study evaluated the differences in illness perceptions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes between patients with IBD with and without arthropathies at baseline and examined changes at 12 months in these variables in patients with arthropathies. METHODS: In total, 204 patients with (n=123) and without (n=81) arthropathies completed questionnaires at baseline and after 1 year, assessing illness perceptions, coping strategies, quality of life, and work and activity impairment...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334292/safety-and-effectiveness-of-fascial-therapy-in-adult-patients-with-hemophilic-arthropathy-a-pilot-study
#2
Elena Donoso-Úbeda, Javier Meroño-Gallut, José Antonio López-Pina, Rubén Cuesta-Barriuso
BACKGROUND: The primary clinical manifestations of hemophilia are muscle and joint bleeding. Recurrent bleeding leads to a degenerative process known as hemophilic arthropathy. Fascial therapy is one of the most used physiotherapy techniques today to improve joint dysfunctions and chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of fascial therapy treatment in patients with hemophilic arthropathy of ankle and knee. DESIGN: Non-randomized, controlled clinical trial...
January 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329739/association-between-symptoms-of-central-sensitization-and-cognitive-behavioral-factors-in-people-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Eva Huysmans, Kelly Ickmans, Dries Van Dyck, Jo Nijs, Yori Gidron, Nathalie Roussel, Andrea Polli, Maarten Moens, Lisa Goudman, Margot De Kooning
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the relationship between symptoms of central sensitization (CS) and important cognitive behavioral and psychosocial factors in a sample of patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. METHODS: Participants with chronic nonspecific low back pain for at least 3 months were included in the study. They completed several questionnaires and a functional test. Pearson's correlation was used to analyze associations between symptoms of CS and pain behavior, functioning, pain, pain catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, and illness perceptions...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328359/destigmatizing-mental-illness-an-innovative-evidence-based-undergraduate-curriculum
#4
Stacey M Carroll
Stigma toward individuals with mental illness is prevalent, not only in society but also among nurses caring for this population. Such stigma contributes to health disparities, discrimination, and a lack of providers working with those who experience mental illness. An evidence-based anti-stigma curriculum innovation in a mental health nursing course in an undergraduate program is described. The curriculum change, undertaken over 2 years, included two elements: (a) contact-based education, and (b) reflective activities...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327640/who-should-be-responsible-for-supporting-individuals-with-mental-health-problems-a-critical-literature-review
#5
Megan A Pope, Ashok K Malla, Srividya N Iyer
BACKGROUND: Individuals with mental health problems have many support needs that are often inadequately met; however, perceptions of who should be responsible for meeting these needs have been largely unexplored. Varying perceptions may influence whether, how, and to what extent relevant stakeholders support individuals with mental health problems. AIMS: To critically evaluate the literature to determine who different stakeholders believe should be responsible for supporting individuals with mental health problems, what factors shape these perceptions, and how they relate to one another...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327599/motor-skills-cognition-and-work-performance-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#6
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Dikla Elgerisi, Adam Easterbrook, Navah Z Ratzon
PURPOSE: Employment offers many benefits to people with mental illness, yet their employment rate is much lower than that of the general population. We investigated the effect of work-related motor skills, neurocognition, and job attitudes on the work performance of people with mental illness, comparing those working in sheltered workshops, with controls working in similar jobs. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with severe mental illness and 27 controls matched by gender and age were enrolled into the study using convenience sampling...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325492/illness-perception-is-significantly-determined-by-depression-and-anxiety-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#8
K Nowicka-Sauer, A Hajduk, H Kujawska-Danecka, D Banaszkiewicz, Ż Smoleńska, Z Czuszyńska, J Siebert
Objectives Illness perception is a cognitive representation influencing physical and psychological functioning and adherence in patients with rheumatic disease. Studies exploring illness perception in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are still scarce and none of them have investigated factors determining illness perception. We aimed to assess illness perception and to identify psychological, clinical and sociodemographic factors that might influence illness perception in SLE. Methods The study involved 80 patients with SLE (87...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324773/the-impact-of-a-short-term-cohousing-initiative-among-schizophrenia-patients-high-school-students-and-their-social-context-a-qualitative-case-study
#9
Domingo Palacios-Ceña, Emilio Andrés Martín-Tejedor, Ana Elías-Elispuru, Amaia Garate-Samaniego, Jorge Pérez-Corrales, Elena García-García
BACKGROUND: A number of programs have been developed to promote the contact between adolescents and mentally-ill patients, in order to break the stigma, improve understanding, promote mental health and prevent substance abuse. The aim of this study was to describe the experience of patients with schizophrenia, high school students, and their social context, participating in a short-term cohousing initiative. METHODS: A qualitative case-study approach was implemented...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319654/trauma-and-intensive-care-nursing-knowledge-and-attitude-of-foley-catheter-insertion-and-maintenance
#10
Brenda Shaver, Stephanie A Eyerly-Webb, Zoe Gibney, Linda Silverman, Candace Pineda, Rachele J Solomon
In the acute care setting, the majority of urinary tract infections are associated with indwelling urinary catheters. Despite guidelines for proper use, catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) continue to occur in critically ill/injured patients. There is a paucity of data on the translation between CAUTI prevention education and behavioral change. This project evaluated nurse's clinical knowledge and attitude toward Foley catheter insertion and maintenance to determine the benefits of addressing gaps in knowledge and inconsistencies in attitude through education...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318126/sociodemographic-factors-influencing-vietnamese-patient-satisfaction-with-healthcare-services-and-some-meaningful-empirical-thresholds
#11
Quan-Hoang Vuong
Background: This short communication report some new results obtained from a medical survey among 900 Vietnamese patients in 2015, looking into possibly influential sociodemographic factors as far as patient satisfaction is concerned, to establish empirical relationships between them for policy implications. Methods: The study employed the baseline category logit models to establish empirical relationships between predictor variables and responses, which reflect different levels of satisfaction...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317189/the-association-of-health-literacy-with-illness-perceptions-medication-beliefs-and-medication-adherence-among-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Elizabeth Unni, Yen-Ming Huang, Cameron Lanier
BACKGROUND: Beliefs in medications and illness perceptions is associated with medication adherence among individuals with diabetes and several adherence interventions focus on patients' beliefs in medicines and illnesses. Though health literacy is important in medication adherence, the relationship between health literacy and medication adherence remains inconclusive; thus raising the question as to whether health literacy has an amplifying or reducing effect on the relationship between beliefs and adherence...
December 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316451/an-innovative-model-to-coordinate-healthcare-and-social-services-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-a-mixed-methods-case-study-of-maryland-s-medicaid-health-home-program
#13
Emma E McGinty, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Sarah Linden, Seema Choksy, Elizabeth Stone, Gail L Daumit
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a case study examining implementation of Maryland's Medicaid health home program, a unique model for integration of behavioral, somatic, and social services for people with serious mental illness (SMI) in the psychiatric rehabilitation program setting. METHOD: We conducted interviews and surveys with health home leaders (N=72) and front-line staff (N=627) representing 46 of the 48 total health home programs active during the November 2015-December 2016 study period...
December 16, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315678/modifiable-correlates-of-illness-perceptions-in-adults-with-chronic-somatic-conditions-a-systematic-review
#14
Seher Arat, Diederik De Cock, Philip Moons, Joris Vandenberghe, René Westhovens
When individuals become ill, they want to understand and give meaning to their illness. The interpretation of this illness experience, or illness perception, is influenced by a range of individual, contextual, and cultural factors. Some of these factors may be modifiable by nursing interventions. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate which modifiable factors were correlated with illness perceptions across studies of adults with different chronic somatic diseases. Using search terms tailored to each of four electronic databases, studies retrieved were reviewed by two independent evaluators, and each relevant article was assessed for methodological quality...
January 9, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314355/cancer-patients-motives-for-psychosocial-consultation-oncology-social-workers-perceptions-of-226-patient-cases
#15
Joakim Isaksson, Sara Lilliehorn, Pär Salander
OBJECTIVE: Although oncology social workers (OSWs) have emerged as a core profession in the provision of psychosocial services, there is a lack of empirical studies that describe their daily clinical work with patients. The overall aim of this study was to explore cancer patients' motives for consulting an OSW. METHODS: From a nationwide survey, we used data from 226 patient cases that OSWs met face to face. The OSWs were asked to describe how the case was referred to them, the patient's characteristics, and what they perceived as the patient's motives for contacting them as well as additional motives that came up during the consultations...
January 4, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314350/efficacy-of-a-web-based-cognitive-rehabilitation-intervention-for-adult-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-study
#16
M E Mihuta, H J Green, D H K Shum
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a web-based cognitive rehabilitation intervention in survivors of adult-onset cancer and a sample of non-cancer community dwelling adults. Fifty-one participants were recruited and allocated to a cancer intervention group, a non-cancer intervention group, or a non-cancer waitlist group. Intervention groups completed a 4-week online program and all participants were assessed at baseline, post-intervention and 3-month follow-up. The primary outcome measure was subjective cognitive functioning...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313465/linguistic-conceptualizations-of-disease-among-the-luo-of-kenya
#17
Benson Oduor Ojwang
The region inhabited by the Luo ethnic group in Kenya is disease endemic. However, disease awareness initiatives register low acceptance due to the sociocultural images of disease and illness conceptualized in the local Dholuo language in ways that may contradict modern biomedical knowledge and practice. This article evaluates the sociocultural basis of encoding descriptions of disease in the Luo indigenous knowledge system and their implications for modern medical practice. The methodology entailed use of qualitative interviews of purposively sampled Dholuo-speaking patient escorts in a provincial referral hospital...
February 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305318/behavioral-phenotyping-of-calcium-channel-cacn-subunit-%C3%AE-2%C3%AE-3-knockout-mice-consequences-of-sensory-cross-modal-activation
#18
Julia Landmann, Franziska Richter, Joseph Classen, Angelika Richter, Josef M Penninger, Ingo Bechmann
Sensory cross-activation is still ill-defined and research concerning the consequences of sensory mergence on normal brain function is very limited. Human studies describe behavioral benefits of people with synesthesia- a peculiar form of perception possibly due to cross-modal activation- regarding sensory and memory abilities. Here, we studied behavioral alterations in calcium channel (CACN) subunit α2δ3 knockout (KO) mice exhibiting pain-induced cortical cross-modal activation. Knockout mice exhibited an increased response upon touch of a pinna and impaired audition, while elementary olfaction, vision, somatosensation and motor function were not altered...
January 2, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304857/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-discharge-process-and-factors-predisposing-to-readmissions-to-the-intensive-care-unit
#19
Uchenna R Ofoma, Yue Dong, Ognjen Gajic, Brian W Pickering
BACKGROUND: Quantitative studies have demonstrated several factors predictive of readmissions to intensive care. Clinical decision tools, derived from these factors have failed to reduce readmission rates. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the experiences and perceptions of physicians and nurses to gain more insight into intensive care readmissions. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews of intensive care unit (ICU) and general medicine care providers explored work routines, understanding and perceptions of the discharge process, and readmissions to intensive care...
January 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303967/dancing-with-gravity-why-the-sense-of-balance-is-the-fundamental
#20
Dominik Fuchs
The sense of balance, which is usually barely noticeable in the background of each of our movements, only becomes manifest in its function during intense stimulation or in the event of illness, which may quite literally turn your world upside down. While it is true that balance is becoming a bigger issue, that is mainly because people are losing it more frequently. So why is balance not as commonly talked about in psychology, medicine or the arts as the other five traditional senses? This is partly due to its unusual multi-modal nature, whereby three sensory inputs are coordinated and integrated by the central nervous system...
January 5, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
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