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Patrick Voos, Sebastian Fuck, Fabian Weipert, Laura Babel, Dominique Tandl, Tobias Meckel, Stephanie Hehlgans, Claudia Fournier, Anna Moroni, Franz Rödel, Gerhard Thiel
Impairment or stimulation of the immune system by ionizing radiation (IR) impacts on immune surveillance of tumor cells and non-malignant cells and can either foster therapy response or side effects/toxicities of radiation therapy. For a better understanding of the mechanisms by which IR modulates T-cell activation and alters functional properties of these immune cells, we exposed human immortalized Jurkat cells and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) to X-ray doses between 0.1 and 5 Gy. This resulted in cellular responses, which are typically observed also in naïve T-lymphocytes in response of T-cell receptor immune stimulation or mitogens...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Kristen A Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Doron Klein, Eran Hadad, Itay Wiser, Omer Wolf, Ortal Itzhaki Shapira, Shir Fucks, Lior Heller
BACKGROUND: Silicone breast implants from the French manufacturer Poly Implants Prosthèse (PIP) were recalled from the European market after the French regulator has revealed the implants contain non-medical-grade silicone filler. In December 2011, following a large increase in reported rupture rate and a possible cancer risk, the French Ministry of Health recommended consideration of the PIP explantation, regardless of their condition. In 2012, the Israel Ministry of Health recommended to replace the implants only upon suspected implant rupture...
January 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Jo McFarlane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Clare Bellhouse, Sandra Walker, Christopher K Fairley, Eric Pf Chow, Jade E Bilardi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report was to raise the issue of the definition and classification of partner terminology in men who have sex with men (MSM) research, particularly in regards to 'fuck buddies'. If definitions in research differ from general consensus in the MSM population, it is possible that public health strategies will be ineffective as the target population may be inaccurate. METHODS: Thirty semistructured interviews with MSM attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre were conducted, focusing on the willingness to change sexual practices to reduce the risk of pharyngeal gonorrhoea...
March 29, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Young-Wook Chin, Nari Seo, Jae-Han Kim, Jin-Ho Seo
2'-Fucosyllactose (2-FL) is one of the key oligosaccharides in human milk. In the present study, the salvage guanosine 5'-diphosphate (GDP)-l-fucose biosynthetic pathway from fucose was employed in engineered Escherichia coli BL21star(DE3) for efficient production of 2-FL. Introduction of the fkp gene coding for fucokinase/GDP-l-fucose pyrophosphorylase (Fkp) from Bacteroides fragilis and the fucT2 gene encoding α-1,2-fucosyltransferase from Helicobacter pylori allows the engineered E. coli to produce 2-FL from fucose, lactose and glycerol...
November 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Bianca Simone Zeigelboim, Hugo Amilton Santos da Carvalho, Claudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves, Evelyn Joice Albizu, Jair Mendes Marques, Bruna Carla Fuck, Rafaella Cardoso
UNLABELLED: Fishing, one of the oldest productive activities, is an important sector of the Brazilian economy as well as the world economy. To evaluate the vestibular behavior in population of fishermen. It was realized as a retrospective and cross-sectional study. Thirty fishermen [mean age 49.5 (± 8.5) years] whose age ranged from 33 years to 67 years were submitted to anamnesis, otorhinolaryngological evaluation, and vestibular examination through the electronystagmography (ENG). The most evident otoneurological symptoms were: Tinnitus (66...
September 2015: Noise & Health
Christine S Gibhardt, Bastian Roth, Indra Schroeder, Sebastian Fuck, Patrick Becker, Burkhard Jakob, Claudia Fournier, Anna Moroni, Gerhard Thiel
Ionizing radiation is a universal tool in tumor therapy but may also cause secondary cancers or cell invasiveness. These negative side effects could be causally related to the human-intermediate-conductance Ca2+-activated-K+-channel (hIK), which is activated by X-ray irradiation and affects cell proliferation and migration. To analyze the signaling cascade downstream of ionizing radiation we use genetically encoded reporters for H2O2 (HyPer) and for the dominant redox-buffer glutathione (Grx1-roGFP2) to monitor with high spatial and temporal resolution, radiation-triggered excursions of H2O2 in A549 and HEK293 cells...
2015: Scientific Reports
H Braunschweig, A Gackstatter, T Kupfer, K Radacki, S Franke, K Meyer, K Fucke, M-H Lemée-Cailleau
While uranium hydridoborate complexes containing the [BH4](-) moiety have been well-known in the literature for many years, species with functionalized borate centers remained considerably rare. We were now able to prepare several uranium hydridoborates (1-4) with amino-substituted borate moieties with high selectivity by smooth reaction of [Cp*2UMe2] (Cp* = C5Me5) and [Cp'2UMe2] (Cp' = 1,2,4-tBu3C5H2) with the aminoborane H2BN(SiMe3)2. A combination of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, deuteration experiments, magnetic SQUID measurements, and X-ray/neutron diffraction studies was used to verify the anticipated molecular structures and oxidation states of 1-4 and helped to establish a linear tridentate coordination mode of the borate anions...
August 17, 2015: Inorganic Chemistry
Kate Reddington, Stefan Schwenk, Nina Tuite, Gareth Platt, Danesh Davar, Helena Coughlan, Yoann Personne, Vanya Gant, Virve I Enne, Alimuddin Zumla, Thomas Barry
Haemophilus influenzae is a significant causative agent of respiratory tract infections (RTI) worldwide. The development of a rapid H. influenzae diagnostic assay that would allow for the implementation of infection control measures and also improve antimicrobial stewardship for patients is required. A number of nucleic acid diagnostics approaches that detect H. influenzae in RTIs have been described in the literature; however, there are reported specificity and sensitivity limitations for these assays. In this study, a novel real-time PCR diagnostic assay targeting the smpB gene was designed to detect all serogroups of H...
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Rebecca Hinz, Andreas Erich Zautner, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Hagen Frickmann
Haemophilus influenzae is a key pathogen of upper respiratory tract infections. Its reliable discrimination from nonpathogenic Haemophilus spp. is necessary because merely colonizing bacteria are frequent at primarily unsterile sites. Due to close phylogenetic relationship, it is not easy to discriminate H. influenzae from the colonizer Haemophilus haemolyticus. The frequency of H. haemolyticus isolations depends on factors like sampling site, patient condition, and geographic region. Biochemical discrimination has been shown to be nonreliable...
March 2015: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
Jimmy E Becerra, María J Yebra, Vicente Monedero
L-Fucose is a sugar present in human secretions as part of human milk oligosaccharides, mucins, and other glycoconjugates in the intestinal epithelium. The genome of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) carries a gene cluster encoding a putative L-fucose permease (fucP), L-fucose catabolic pathway (fucI, fucK, fucU, and fucA), and a transcriptional regulator (fucR). The metabolism of L-fucose in LGG results in 1,2-propanediol production, and their fucI and fucP mutants displayed a severe and mild growth defect on L-fucose, respectively...
June 2015: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Roger Latham, Bowen Zhang, Stephen Tristram
SYBR Green real time PCR assays for protein D (hpd), fuculose kinase (fucK) and [Cu, Zn]-superoxide dismutase (sodC) were designed for use in an algorithm for the identification of Haemophilus influenzae and H. haemolyticus. When tested on 127 H. influenzae and 60 H. haemolyticus all isolates were identified correctly.
May 2015: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Robert M Edkins, Elliott Hayden, Jonathan W Steed, Katharina Fucke
Two tetrahydocarbazolone derivatives were found to show multiple unsolvated crystal forms. A persistent dimer motif was detected in solution by FTIR spectroscopy that is maintained in the kinetic crystal forms. Rationally introduced steric bulk induces the formation of a more stable catemeric form.
March 28, 2015: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Ana Catarina A Moura, Paulo H S De Oliveira, Joaquim M Ferreira, Francisco H R Bezerra, Reinhardt A Fuck, Aderson F Do Nascimento
A sequence of earthquakes occurred in 2008 in the Meruoca granitic pluton, located in the northwestern part of the Borborema Province, NE Brazil. A seismological study defined the seismic activity occurring along the seismically-defined Riacho Fundo fault, a 081° striking, 8 km deep structure. The objective of this study was to analyze the correlation between this seismic activity and geological structures in the Meruoca granite. We carried out geological mapping in the epicentral area, analyzed the mineralogy of fault rocks, and compared the seismically-defined Riacho Fundo fault with geological data...
December 2014: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Timothy R Julian, M Aminul Islam, Amy J Pickering, Subarna Roy, Erica R Fuhrmeister, Ayse Ercumen, Angela Harris, Jason Bishai, Kellogg J Schwab
The increased awareness of the role of environmental matrices in enteric disease transmission has resulted in the need for rapid, field-based methods for fecal indicator bacteria and pathogen detection. Evidence of the specificity of β-glucuronidase-based assays for detection of Escherichia coli from environmental matrices relevant to enteric pathogen transmission in developing countries, such as hands, soils, and surfaces, is limited. In this study, we quantify the false-positive rate of a β-glucuronidase-based E...
March 2015: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Lei Ji, Katharina Fucke, Shubhankar Kumar Bose, Todd B Marder
The iridium-catalyzed borylation of pyrene, using 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine as the ligand, in the presence of t-BuOK, gave a mixture of 2,4,7,9-tetrakis(Bpin)pyrene (c4) and its 2,4,7,10-isomer (m4) in a 2.2:1 ratio, and the selectivity of the Ir-catalyzed borylation of pyrene is kinetically determined and can be influenced to some extent by the nature of the ligand.
January 2, 2015: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Zuolun Zhang, Robert M Edkins, Jörn Nitsch, Katharina Fucke, Antonius Eichhorn, Andreas Steffen, Yue Wang, Todd B Marder
The push-pull character of a series of donor-bithienyl-acceptor compounds has been tuned by adopting triphenylamine or 1,1,7,7-tetramethyljulolidine as a donor and B(2,6-Me2 -4-RC6 H2)2 (R=Me, C6 F5 or 3,5-(CF3)2 C6 H3) or B[2,4,6-(CF3 )3 C6 H2]2 as an acceptor. Ir-catalyzed C-H borylation was utilized in the derivatization of the boryl acceptors and the tetramethyljulolidine donor. The donor and acceptor strengths were evaluated by electrochemical and photophysical measurements. In solution, the compound with the strongest acceptor, B[2,4,6-(CF3)3 C6 H2]2 ((FMes)2 B), has strongly quenched emission, while all other compounds show efficient green to red (ΦF =0...
January 2, 2015: Chemistry: a European Journal
Katharina Fucke, Garry J McIntyre, Marie-Hélène Lemée-Cailleau, Clive Wilkinson, Alison J Edwards, Judith A K Howard, Jonathan W Steed
Diatrizoic acid (DTA), a clinically used X-ray contrast agent, crystallises in two hydrated, three anhydrous and nine solvated solid forms, all of which have been characterised by X-ray crystallography. Single-crystal neutron structures of DTA dihydrate and monosodium DTA tetrahydrate have been determined. All of the solid-state structures have been analysed using partial atomic charges and hardness algorithm (PACHA) calculations. Even though in general all DTA crystal forms reveal similar intermolecular interactions, the overall crystal packing differs considerably from form to form...
January 12, 2015: Chemistry: a European Journal
Lucas Henry, Christoph Schneider, Benedict Mützel, Peter V Simpson, Christoph Nagel, Katharina Fucke, Ulrich Schatzschneider
The catalyst-free room temperature iClick reaction of an unsymmetrically 2,3-disubstituted oxanorbornadiene (OND) as a "masked" alkyne equivalent with [Mn(N3)(bpy(CH3,CH3))(CO)3] leads to isolation of a phenylalanine ester bioconjugate, in which the model amino acid is linked to the metal moiety via a N-2-coordinated triazolate formed in a cycloaddition-retro-Diels-Alder (crDA) reaction sequence, in a novel approach to bioorthogonal coupling reactions based on metal-centered reactivity.
December 25, 2014: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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