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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731832/effects-of-cervical-high-velocity-low-amplitude-techniques-on-range-of-motion-strength-performance-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-review
#1
Xabier Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea, Igor Setuain, Lars L Andersen, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Miriam González-Izal, Andoni Jauregi, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: Cervical high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation technique is among the oldest and most frequently used chiropractic manual therapy, but the physiologic and biomechanics effects were not completely clear. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to describe the effects of cervical HVLA manipulation techniques on range of motion, strength, and cardiovascular performance. METHODS/DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted of the electronic databases from January 2000 to August 2016: PubMed (n = 131), ScienceDirect (n = 101), Scopus (n = 991), PEDro (n = 33), CINAHL (n = 884), and SciELO (n = 5)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731551/sarcopenia-and-hospitalisation-costs-in-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Ana C Antunes, Daniela A Araújo, Manuel T Veríssimo, Teresa F Amaral
AIM: The impact of sarcopenia on hospitalisation has been under intense investigation; however, little is known about the association between sarcopenia and their costs among hospitalised patients. The aim of the present study was to quantify the association between sarcopenia and hospitalisation costs among older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 201 hospitalised older adults in a general hospital. Sarcopenia was identified according to the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) criteria...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723979/outcome-and-nutritional-assessment-of-chronic-liver-disease-patients-using-anthropometry-and-subjective-global-assessment
#3
Gonçalo Nunes, Carla Adriana Santos, Rita Barosa, Cristina Fonseca, Ana Teresa Barata, Jorge Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Protein-calorie malnutrition is common in chronic liver disease (CLD) but adequate clinical tools for nutritional assessment are not defined. OBJECTIVE: In CLD patients, it was aimed: 1. Characterize protein-calorie malnutrition; 2. Compare several clinical, anthropometric and functional tools; 3. Study the association malnutrition/CLD severity and malnutrition/outcome. METHODS: Observational, prospective study. Consecutive CLD ambulatory/hospitalised patients were recruited from 01-03-2012 to 31-08-2012, studied according with age, gender, etiology, alcohol consumption and CLD severity defined by Child-Turcotte-Pugh...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721628/disease-activity-handgrip-strengths-and-hand-dexterity-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
D Palamar, G Er, R Terlemez, I Ustun, G Can, M Saridogan
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the hand joints and leading to impairment in hand functions. Evaluation of functional impairment is necessary for assessing patient's quality of life, disease activity, and treatment outcome. To date, many scientific studies assessed the disease activity of patients with RA, but little attention has been carried out to assess these patients' hand functions and dexterity. The purposes of this study were to determine the clinical relevance of the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH), hand dexterity with the Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT), and handgrip strength and pinch strengths of RA patients and to look into their relation between each other...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721434/muscle-measures-and-nutritional-status-at-hospital-admission-predict-survival-and-independent-living-of-older-patients-the-empower-study
#5
S Verlaan, J M Van Ancum, V D Pierik, J P Svan Wijngaarden, K Scheerman, C G M Meskers, A B Maier
OBJECTIVES: Older adults with sarcopenia and malnutrition are at risk for co-morbidities, hospitalization, institutionalization, and mortality. In case of hospitalization, risks may be further increased, especially in case of suboptimal dietary intake. The aim of our study was to assess whether muscle mass, muscle strength, functional performance, and nutritional status at hospital admission were associated with survival and independent living among older patients three months after discharge...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721430/two-way-bridge-between-muscular-dysfunction-and-cognitive-impairment-secondary-analyses-of-sabe-bogota-study
#6
E Garcia-Cifuentes, D G David-Pardo, M G Borda, M U Perez-Zepeda, C A Cano-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Muscular dysfunction and cognitive impairment are both disabling states, affecting especially the elderly. Thus, are important subjects of research. Our goal is to describe the association between these two entities in the elderly. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis from the SABE 2012 Bogota survey, which is a cross-sectional study. We define muscular dysfunction as an abnormal result in gait speed and/or handgrip strength tasks. Cognitive impairment was defined as an abnormal result in Mini Mental State Examination...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721030/regular-physical-exercise-improves-cardiac-autonomic-and-muscle-vasodilatory-responses-to-isometric-exercise-in-healthy-elderly
#7
Adriana de Oliveira Sarmento, Amilton da Cruz Santos, Ivani Credidio Trombetta, Marciano Moacir Dantas, Ana Cristina Oliveira Marques, Leone Severino do Nascimento, Bruno Teixeira Barbosa, Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Santos, Maria do Amparo Andrade, Anna Myrna Jaguaribe-Lima, Maria do Socorro Brasileiro-Santos
The objective of this study was to evaluate cardiac autonomic control and muscle vasodilation response during isometric exercise in sedentary and physically active older adults. Twenty healthy participants, 10 sedentary and 10 physically active older adults, were evaluated and paired by gender, age, and body mass index. Sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiac activity (spectral and symbolic heart rate analysis) and muscle blood flow (venous occlusion plethysmography) were measured for 10 minutes at rest (baseline) and during 3 minutes of isometric handgrip exercise at 30% of the maximum voluntary contraction (sympathetic excitatory maneuver)...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721027/frequency-of-frailty-and-its-association-with-cognitive-status-and-survival-in-older-chileans
#8
Cecilia Albala, Lydia Lera, Hugo Sanchez, Barbara Angel, Carlos Márquez, Patricia Arroyo, Patricio Fuentes
BACKGROUND: Age-associated brain physiologic decline and reduced mobility are key elements of increased age-associated vulnerability. OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency of frailty phenotype and its association with mental health and survival in older Chileans. METHODS: Follow-up of ALEXANDROS cohorts designed to study disability associated with obesity in community-dwelling people 60 years and older living in Santiago, Chile. At baseline, 2,098 (67% women) of 2,372 participants were identified as having the frailty phenotype: weak handgrip dynamometry, unintentional weight loss, fatigue/exhaustion, five chair-stands/slow walking speed and difficulty walking (low physical activity)...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720715/ischemic-preconditioning-does-not-alter-muscle-sympathetic-responses-to-static-handgrip-and-metaboreflex-activation-in-young-healthy-men
#9
Anthony V Incognito, Connor J Doherty, Jordan B Lee, Matthew J Burns, Philip J Millar
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has been hypothesized to elicit ergogenic effects by reducing feedback from metabolically sensitive group III/IV muscle afferents during exercise. If so, reflex efferent neural outflow should be attenuated. We investigated the effects of IPC on muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during static handgrip (SHG) and used post-exercise circulatory occlusion (PECO) to isolate for the muscle metaboreflex. Thirty-seven healthy men (age: 24 ± 5 years [mean ± SD]) were randomized to receive sham (n = 16) or IPC (n = 21) interventions...
July 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717816/prospective-associations-of-low-muscle-mass-and-function-with-10-year-falls-risk-incident-fracture-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#10
S Balogun, T Winzenberg, K Wills, D Scott, G Jones, D Aitken, M L Callisaya
OBJECTIVES: Purpose: To compare the performance of low muscle mass and function with falls risk, incident fracture and mortality over 10 years. METHODS: 1041 participants (50% women; mean age 63±7.5 years) were prospectively followed for 10 years. Falls risk was measured using the Physiological Profile Assessment, fractures were self-reported and mortality was ascertained from the death registry. Appendicular lean mass (ALM) was assessed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714343/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-combined-self-management-and-exercise-intervention-for-elderly-people-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-the-ple-2-no-program
#11
Priscila Marconcin, Margarida Espanha, Júlia Teles, Paulo Bento, Pedro Campos, Rui André, Flávia Yázigi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a 12-week self-management and exercise intervention (the PLE(2)NO program) in elderly individuals with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Four different community settings. SUBJECTS: Eighty individuals aged 60 years or older with clinical and radiographic knee osteoarthritis enrolled in the study. INTERVENTION: A combined self-management and exercise intervention (treatment group) and an educational intervention (control group)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706970/reversibility-of-frailty-after-bridge-to-transplant-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-or-heart-transplantation
#12
Sunita R Jha, Malin K Hannu, Phillip J Newton, Kay Wilhelm, Christopher S Hayward, Andrew Jabbour, Eugene Kotlyar, Anne Keogh, Kumud Dhital, Emily Granger, Mark Connellan, Paul Jansz, Phillip M Spratt, Elyn Montgomery, Angela Smith, Michelle Harkess, Peta Tunicliff, Patricia M Davidson, Peter S Macdonald
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that frailty is independently predictive of increased mortality in patients with advanced heart failure referred for heart transplantation (HTx). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of frailty on short-term outcomes after bridge-to-transplant ventricular assist device (BTT-VAD) implantation and/or HTx and to determine if frailty is reversible after these procedures. METHODS: Between August 2013 and August 2016, 100 of 126 consecutive patients underwent frailty assessment using Fried's Frailty Phenotype before surgical intervention: 40 (21 nonfrail, 19 frail) BTT-VAD and 77 (60 nonfrail, 17 frail) HTx-including 17 of the 40 BTT-VAD supported patients...
July 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705696/muscle-grip-strength-is-associated-to-reduced-pulmonary-capacity-in-patients-with-diabetes
#13
Simon Lebech Cichosz, Esben Thyssen Vestergaard, Ole Hejlesen
AIM: This study investigates the role of muscle strength as a predictive factor for reduced pulmonary function in diabetes. METHODS: Data from the NHANES 2011-2012 were analyzed. Lung function was assessed with spirometry (FEV1, FVC). Diabetes was assessed with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), or fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Muscle strength was measured by a grip test using a handgrip dynamometer. RESULTS: A total of 3521 people were suitable to be included for analysis in this study...
July 10, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704630/relationship-between-bmi-and-fatigability-is-task-dependent
#14
Ranjana K Mehta, Lora Anne Cavuoto
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to determine the effect of body mass index (BMI) on fatigability of three different muscle groups at four different work intensities. METHODS: Forty-nine normal-weight, 50 overweight, and 43 obese adults (32.1 ± 9.2 years; 50% males) performed fatiguing handgrip, shoulder flexion, and trunk extension exertions at 20%, 40%, 60%, and 80% of the associated maximum voluntary contractions. RESULTS: Obese adults demonstrated 22% to 30% shorter endurance times than normal-weight adults, but this was only observed at lower intensities and with larger and more postural muscles of the shoulder and low back...
August 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702443/physical-exercise-programs-at-basic-healthcare-units-decrease-body-fat-and-improve-the-functional-capacity-of-women-over-50-years-old
#15
Fabrício Eduardo Rossi, Anderson Rogério Lecca, Luiz Gustavo Perón Martins, Luciana Sanae Ota Takahashi, Diego Giuliano Destro Christofaro, Luís Alberto Gobbo, Ismael F Freitas
This study verified the effects of a physical exercise program performed at Basic Healthcare Units on the body composition and functional capacity of women over 50 years old and to compare these variables according to age. Forty-eight women (age, 65.4±7.3 years) were assessed. The program lasted 20 weeks, and was conducted 2 times per week, 60 min/day. Body mass and height were collected and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Bioelectrical impedance was used to estimate fat mass and fat free mass. Functional capacities: handgrip test, Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and Guralnick test were assessment...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701179/a-study-on-relationship-between-elderly-sarcopenia-and-inflammatory-factors-il-6-and-tnf-%C3%AE
#16
Ai-Lin Bian, Hui-Ying Hu, Yu-Dong Rong, Jian Wang, Jun-Xiong Wang, Xin-Zi Zhou
BACKGROUND: This report aims to study the relationship between sarcopenia of elderly in community and inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α. METHODS: A total of 441 elders who undertook physical examinations were included into this study. The age of these subjects were >60, in which 235 subjects were male and 206 subjects were female. According to the diagnostic standards of sarcopenia set by EWGSOP and AWGS, these subjects were divided into two groups: sarcopenia, and non-sarcopenia groups...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697407/digit-ratio-2d-4d-and-muscular-strength-in-adolescent-boys
#17
Jordan M Tomkinson, Grant R Tomkinson
Using a cross-sectional design, this study quantified the relationship between the digit ratio (2D:4D) and muscular strength in 57 adolescent boys. 2D:4D was very likely a moderate negative correlate of handgrip strength, even after adjustment for age and body size. This result may reflect the organizational benefits of prenatal testosterone.
July 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694397/-effect-of-disease-severity-on-upper-extremity-muscle-strength-exercise-capacity-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-individuals-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#18
Buse Özcan Kahraman, İsmail Özsoy, Serap Acar, Ebru Özpelit, Bahri Akdeniz, Can Sevinç, Sema Savcı
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease. Although muscle strength, exercise capacity, quality of life, and activities of daily living of patients with PAH are affected, it is not known how they are affected by disease severity. The purpose of the present study was to investigate effects of disease severity on upper extremity muscle strength, exercise capacity, and performance of activities of daily living in patients with PAH. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with disease severity classified according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) as functional class II (n=14) or class III (n=11) were included in the study...
July 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687588/the-carotid-baroreflex-modifies-the-pressor-threshold-of-the-muscle-metaboreflex-in-humans
#19
Masashi Ichinose, Tomoko K Ichinose-Kuwahara, Kazuhito Watanabe, Narihiko Kondo, Takeshi Nishiyasu
The purpose of present study was to test our hypothesis that unloading the carotid baroreceptors alters the threshold and gain of the muscle metaboreflex in humans. Ten healthy subjects performed a static handgrip exercise at 50% of maximum voluntary contraction. Contraction was sustained for 15, 30, 45 and 60 s, and was followed by 3 min of forearm circulatory arrest, during which forearm muscular pH is known to decrease linearly with increasing contraction time. The carotid baroreceptors were unloaded by applying 0...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680504/association-between-handgrip-strength-walking-age-related-illnesses-and-cognitive-status-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-centenarians
#20
Maria Vaz-Patto, Belén Bueno, Óscar Ribeiro, Laetitia Teixeira, Rosa Marina Afonso
BACKGROUND: Centenarians are a growing population in Europe and present significant variability in motor and cognitive functions. The aim of our study was to characterize health status, as well as cognitive and motor functions in a group of Portuguese centenarians. In addition, our study also aimed at analyzing the relationship between cognitive functions and the burden of diseases affecting the elderly. METHODS: Fifty-two centenarians were evaluated using the Mini-Mental State Examination, short version...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
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