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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629717/sarcopenia-screened-by-the-sarc-f-questionnaire-and-physical-performances-of-elderly-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Yves Rolland, Charlotte Dupuy, Gabor Abellan Van Kan, Matteo Cesari, Bruno Vellas, Marie Faruch, Cedric Dray, Philipe de Souto Barreto
OBJECTIVES: Screening for sarcopenia in daily practice can be challenging. Our objective was to explore whether the SARC-F questionnaire is a valid screening tool for sarcopenia (defined by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health [FNIH] criteria). Moreover, we evaluated the physical performance of older women according to the SARC-F questionnaire. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Data from the Toulouse and Lyon EPIDémiologie de l'OStéoporose study (EPIDOS) on 3025 women living in the community (mean age: 80...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627325/the-association-between-handgrip-strength-and-diabetes-on-activities-of-daily-living-disability-in-older-mexican-americans
#2
Ryan P McGrath, Brenda M Vincent, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Brad P Dieter, Ryan R Bailey, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the independent and joint effects of muscle weakness and diabetes on incident activities of daily living (ADL) disability in older Mexican Americans. METHOD: A subsample of 2,270 Mexican Americans aged at least 65 years at baseline were followed for 19 years. Handgrip strength was normalized to body weight (normalized grip strength [NGS]). Weakness was defined as NGS ≤0.46 in males and ≤0.30 in females. Diabetes and ADL disability were self-reported...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626828/contribution-of-risk-factors-to-excess-mortality-in-isolated-and-lonely-individuals-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-uk-biobank-cohort-study
#3
Marko Elovainio, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Marianna Virtanen, Kim Josefsson, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: The associations of social isolation and loneliness with premature mortality are well known, but the risk factors linking them remain unclear. We sought to identify risk factors that might explain the increased mortality in socially isolated and lonely individuals. METHODS: We used prospective follow-up data from the UK Biobank cohort study to assess self-reported isolation (a three-item scale) and loneliness (two questions). The main outcomes were all-cause and cause-specific mortality...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623895/effects-of-home-based-exercise-on-pre-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-randomized-pilot-and-feasibility-trial
#4
Koji Hiraki, Yugo Shibagaki, Kazuhiro P Izawa, Chiharu Hotta, Akiko Wakamiya, Tsutomu Sakurada, Takashi Yasuda, Kenjiro Kimura
BACKGROUND: Only a few research is available on the effects of home-based exercise training on pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the effect of home-based exercise therapy on kidney function and arm and leg muscle strength in pre-dialysis CKD patients. METHODS: Thirty-six male stage 3-4 pre-dialysis CKD patients (age, 68.7 ± 6.8 years; estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 39.0 ± 11.6 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) who were being treated as outpatients were included...
June 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622156/aerobic-versus-isometric-handgrip-exercise-in-hypertension-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Nikolaos Pagonas, Stergios Vlatsas, Frederic Bauer, Felix S Seibert, Walter Zidek, Nina Babel, Peter Schlattmann, Timm H Westhoff
OBJECTIVES: Aerobic dynamic exercise reduces blood pressure (BP) and is broadly recommended by current American and European hypertension guidelines. Isometric exercise is currently not recommended, since data from only a few studies are available. We compare for the first time the effects of isometric handgrip training and aerobic exercise in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: A total of 75 hypertensive patients were randomized to one of the following 12-week programmes: Isometric handgrip training five times weekly (two contractions of 2 min at 30% of maximal power with each arm); 'Sham-handgrip training' five times weekly (two contractions of 2 min at 5% of maximal power with each arm); Aerobic exercise training of 30 min three to five times per week...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620308/the-effect-of-interdialytic-combined-resistance-and-aerobic-exercise-training-on-health-related-outcomes-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-the-tunisian-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Bechir Frih, Hamdi Jaafar, Wajdi Mkacher, Zohra Ben Salah, Mohamed Hammami, Ameur Frih
Background: Tunisia has the highest prevalence of hemodialysis patients compared to the other countries in North Africa. Dialysis centers rarely offer an exercise program to prevent physiological and psychological dialysis therapy-related alterations in chronic hemodialysis patients. Aim: To examine the effect of combined endurance-resistance training program on physiological and psychological outcomes in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: We designed a single blinded, randomized, controlled study for a period of 4 months...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618190/relation-between-upper-limb-muscle-strength-with-exercise-capacity-quality-of-life-and-dyspnea-in-patients-with-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Dicle Kaymaz, İpek Çaylı Candemir, Pınar Ergün, Neşe Demir, Filiz Taşdemir, Pervin Demir
OBJECTIVES: In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), skeletal muscle weakness is characterized by reduced muscle strength, reduced muscle endurance, and the presence of muscle fatigue, especially in the lower limbs; there has been little research into upper limb skeletal muscles. In this study we aimed to investigate the relation of upper limb muscle strength with pulmonary function, exercise capacity, quality of life, and dyspnea sensation. METHODS: Eigthy-eight patients (89...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616554/alpha2a-adrenergic-receptor-and-enos-genetic-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-exercise-muscle-vasodilatation-in-apparently-healthy-individuals
#8
Rafael Amorim Belo Nunes, Lucia Pereira Barroso, Alexandre da Costa Pereira, Maria Urbana Pinto Brandão Rondon, Carlos Eduardo Negrão, José Eduardo Krieger, Alfredo José Mansur
PURPOSE: Muscle vasodilatation during exercise has been associated with cardiovascular health and may be influenced by genetic variability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional genetic polymorphisms of physiologic pathways related to the regulation of the cardiovascular function (alpha-adrenergic receptors, endothelial nitric oxide synthase and bradykinin B2 receptor) and exercise muscle vasodilatation in apparently healthy men and women. METHODS: We enrolled 689 individuals without established cardiovascular disease that had attended a check-up program...
December 2016: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607132/impaired-muscle-oxygenation-and-elevated-exercise-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-patients-links-with-vascular-stiffness
#9
Konstantina Dipla, Areti Triantafyllou, Nikolaos Koletsos, Stavros Papadopoulos, Vasileios Sachpekidis, Ioannis S Vrabas, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Andreas Zafeiridis, Stella Douma
This study examined in vivo (1) skeletal muscle oxygenation and microvascular function, at rest and during handgrip exercise, and (2) their association with macrovascular function and exercise blood pressure (BP), in newly diagnosed, never-treated patients with hypertension and normotensive individuals. Ninety-one individuals (51 hypertensives and 40 normotensives) underwent office and 24-hour ambulatory BP, arterial stiffness, and central aortic BP assessment, followed by a 5-minute arterial occlusion and a 3-minute submaximal handgrip exercise...
June 12, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601123/physical-function-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-dialysis-patients-lessons-learned-from-the-slovenian-diagib-study
#10
Maja Bučar Pajek, Ivan Čuk, Gregor Mlinšek, Joško Osredkar, Jernej Pajek
AIMS: Vitamin D stores in dialysis patients may be associated with their muscle function and physical performance. We analyzed associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with functional test results in prevalent hemodialysis patients and healthy controls. METHODS: Study sample included 54 dialysis patients and 81 healthy controls who performed a 6-minute walk test, sit-to-stand test, handgrip strength measurement, and self-rated habitual adjusted activity score with Human Activity Profile questionnaire...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598797/physical-fitness-and-obesity-levels-during-an-academic-year-followed-by-summer-holidays-an-issue-of-insufficient-time-for-physical-activity
#11
George Aphamis, Yiannakis Ioannou, Christoforos D Giannaki
Today, available time for physical activity has been continuously decreasing, whilst, school-time physical education (PE) classes appear to be the only real option for many adolescents to engage in physical activity and exercise. The aim of the present study was to investigate fitness and health related parameters over one academic year, and after the summer holidays for adolescents who do not engage in out-of-school physical activities. Participants were 153 students (age: 15-17 years; boys n = 86) who exercised only during PE (2 × 45-min periods per week)...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598535/functional-impairment-and-risk-of-venous-thrombosis-in-older-adults
#12
Marissa J Engbers, Jeanet W Blom, Mary Cushman, Frits R Rosendaal, Astrid van Hylckama Vlieg
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of age-specific risk factors for thrombosis in older age, such as functional impairment. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: The Age and Thrombosis-Acquired and Genetic risk factors in the Elderly Study, a two-center study conducted in the Netherlands and the United States from 2008 to 2011. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 70 and older with a first-time deep venous thrombosis in the leg or pulmonary embolism (n = 401) and controls aged 70 and older (n = 431) without a history of thrombosis...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597081/effects-of-bright-and-blue-light-on-acoustic-reaction-time-and-maximum-handgrip-strength-in-male-athletes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Raphael Knaier, Juliane Schäfer, Anja Rossmeissl, Christopher Klenk, Henner Hanssen, Christoph Höchsmann, Christian Cajochen, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
PURPOSE: To assess which type of evening light exposure has the greatest effect on reaction time and maximum handgrip strength. These were pre-specified secondary outcomes in a trial which primarily investigated the influence of light on cycling performance. METHODS: Seventy-four male athletes were allocated at random to either bright light (BRIGHT), monochromatic blue light (BLUE), or a control condition (CONTROL). Light exposure lasted for 60 min and started 17 h after the individual midpoint of sleep...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594709/effect-of-oxidative-stress-on-racial-differences-in-vascular-function-at-rest-and-during-hand-grip-exercise
#14
Rebecca M Kappus, Kanokwan Bunsawat, Michael D Brown, Shane A Phillips, Jacob M Haus, Tracy Baynard, Bo Fernhall
OBJECTIVES: African-Americans have a higher prevalence of hypertension compared with whites, possibly due to elevated oxidative stress and subsequent vascular dysfunction. It is unclear the contribution of aging on oxidative stress and vascular function in a racially diverse cohort. METHODS: Ninety-three young and older African-American and white participants received antioxidant (AOX) or placebo supplementation in a double-blind, randomized, cross-over design. Measures of endothelial function (reactive hyperemia, flow-mediated dilation), exercise blood flow, and biomarkers of oxidative stress and AOX activity were measured following supplementation...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591752/physical-activity-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-the-effects-of-starting-dialysis-in-the-first-6-months-after-the-transition-period
#15
Natascha J H Broers, Remy J H Martens, Tom Cornelis, Frank M van der Sande, Nanda M P Diederen, Marc M H Hermans, Joris J J M Wirtz, Frank Stifft, Constantijn J A M Konings, Tom Dejagere, Bernard Canaud, Peter Wabel, Karel M L Leunissen, Jeroen P Kooman
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is associated with increased mortality, and might be related to abnormalities in body composition (BC) and physical performance. It is uncertain to what extent starting dialysis influences the effects of ESRD on physical activity (PA). This study aimed to compare PA and physical performance between stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD-5) non-dialysis and dialysis patients, and healthy controls, to assess alterations in PA during the transition from CKD-5 non-dialysis to dialysis, and to relate PA to BC...
June 8, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589705/functional-capacity-and-obesity-reflect-the-cognitive-performance-of-older-adults-living-in-long-term-care-facilities
#16
Karine Gonçalves Damascena, Cristiane Batisti Ferreira, Pâmela Dos Santos Teixeira, Bibiano Madrid, Alexandre Gonçalves, Cláudio Córdova, Otávio de Toledo Nóbrega, Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira
BACKGROUND: With the increase in life expectancy, the elderly Brazilian population has grown considerably. However, longevity is usually accompanied by problems such as the loss of functional capacity, cognitive decline, and deterioration in anthropometric parameters, particularly among those living in long-term care facilities. We analyzed the relationship among cognitive performance, anthropometry, and functional capacity in institutionalized elderly individuals. METHODS: In a sample of 38 older adults (20 men, 18 women) aged 73...
June 6, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581270/potential-association-of-triglyceride-glucose-index-with-cardiac-autonomic-neuropathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#17
Md Akbar, Uma Bhandari, Anwar Habib, Razi Ahmad
Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a common and most neglected complication of diabetes, estimated to be roughly 8% in recently diagnosed patients and greater than 50% in patients with chronic disease history. The insulin resistance (IR) itself is bidirectionally associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and CAN is a predisposing factor. The primary objective of the present study was aimed to find a correlation of triglyceride glucose index (TyG index) in CAN patients along with the prevalence of CAN in T2DM patients as a secondary objective...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580794/association-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-physical-fitness-with-menopause-symptoms-the-flamenco-project
#18
V A Aparicio, M Borges-Cosic, P Ruiz-Cabello, I Coll-Risco, P Acosta-Manzano, Z Špacírová, A Soriano-Maldonado
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to analyze the association of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with menopause symptomatology and its overall impact. A secondary/exploratory aim was to assess the association of different components of physical fitness with menopause symptomatology. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 191 perimenopausal women from Southern Spain (age range 45-60 years, mean age 52.6 ± 4.5 years). The Blatt-Kupperman Menopausal Index was used to evaluate menopause symptomatology...
June 3, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575704/muscle-function-in-women-with-systemic-sclerosis-association-with-fatigue-and-general-physical-function
#19
Amanda Cristina Justo, Fernando Silva Guimarães, Arthur Sá Ferreira, Mauricio Santos Soares, Priscila Santos Bunn, Agnaldo José Lopes
BACKGROUND: Individuals with systemic sclerosis have muscle functions with varying degrees of muscle weakness and atrophy, which in turn can have a negative impact on functional and health-related quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate peripheral muscle performance using isokinetic dynamometry of the knee in women with systemic sclerosis and to correlate peripheral muscle dysfunction with disability levels and general fatigue. METHODS: Twenty-six women with systemic sclerosis and a matched control group with an equal number of women underwent knee isokinetic dynamometry at angular speeds of 75°/s and 240°/s, isometric handgrip strength, the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index, the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue scale, and the Fatigue Impact Scale...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575126/gait-dynamics-to-optimize-fall-risk-assessment-in-geriatric-patients-admitted-to-an-outpatient-diagnostic-clinic
#20
Lisette H J Kikkert, Maartje H de Groot, Jos P van Campen, Jos H Beijnen, Tibor Hortobágyi, Nicolas Vuillerme, Claudine C J Lamoth
Fall prediction in geriatric patients remains challenging because the increased fall risk involves multiple, interrelated factors caused by natural aging and/or pathology. Therefore, we used a multi-factorial statistical approach to model categories of modifiable fall risk factors among geriatric patients to identify fallers with highest sensitivity and specificity with a focus on gait performance. Patients (n = 61, age = 79; 41% fallers) underwent extensive screening in three categories: (1) patient characteristics (e...
2017: PloS One
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