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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749604/a-simulation-of-dementia-epidemiology-and-resource-use-in-australia
#1
Lachlan B Standfield, Tracy Comans, Paul Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: The number of people in the developed world who have dementia is predicted to rise markedly. This study presents a validated predictive model to assist decision-makers to determine this population's future resource requirements and target scarce health and welfare resources appropriately. METHODS: A novel individual patient discrete event simulation was developed to estimate the future prevalence of dementia and related health and welfare resource use in Australia...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749596/climate-change-climate-justice-and-environmental-health-implications-for-the-nursing-profession
#2
Patrice K Nicholas, Suellen Breakey
PURPOSE: Climate change is an emerging challenge linked to negative outcomes for the environment and human health. Since the 1960s, there has been a growing recognition of the need to address climate change and the impact of greenhouse gas emissions implicated in the warming of our planet. There are also deleterious health outcomes linked to complex climate changes that are emerging in the 21st century. This article addresses the social justice issues associated with climate change and human health and discussion of climate justice...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749591/free-smoking-cessation-mobile-apps-available-in-australia-a-quality-review-and-content-analysis
#3
Louise Thornton, Catherine Quinn, Louise Birrell, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Brad Shaw, Erin Forbes, Mark Deady, Frances Kay-Lambkin
OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to identify free, high-quality, smoking cessation mobile applications (apps) that adhere to Australian smoking cessation treatment guidelines. METHODS: A systematic search of smoking cessation apps was conducted using Google. The technical quality of relevant apps was rated using the Mobile Application Rating Scale. The content of apps identified as high quality was assessed for adherence to smoking cessation treatment guidelines. RESULTS: 112 relevant apps were identified...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749587/regional-survey-supports-national-initiative-for-water-only-schools-in-new-zealand
#4
Osman David Mansoor, Rukhsana Ali, Ruth Richards
OBJECTIVE: To support a national initiative to remove sugary drinks from schools and limit drinks to water or unflavoured milk ('water-only'). METHODS: We emailed all 201 schools with primary school aged children in the Greater Wellington region with a survey on (1) current status of, (2) support needs for, and (3) barriers to or lessons learned from, a 'water-only' school policy. RESULTS: Only 78 (39%) of schools responded. Most supported 'water-only': 22 (28%) had implemented a policy; 10 (13%) in process of doing so; 22 (28%) were considering it; and 12 (15%) were 'water-only', but did not have a policy...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749562/school-based-systems-change-for-obesity-prevention-in-adolescents-outcomes-of-the-australian-capital-territory-it-s-your-move
#5
Mary Malakellis, Erin Hoare, Andrew Sanigorski, Nicholas Crooks, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols, Boyd Swinburn, Cal Chikwendu, Paul M Kelly, Solveig Petersen, Lynne Millar
OBJECTIVE: The Australian Capital Territory 'It's Your Move!' (ACT-IYM) was a three-year (2012-2014) systems intervention to prevent obesity among adolescents. METHODS: The ACT-IYM project involved three intervention schools and three comparison schools and targeted secondary students aged 12-16 years. The intervention consisted of multiple initiatives at individual, community, and school policy level to support healthier nutrition and physical activity. Intervention school-specific objectives related to increasing active transport, increasing time spent physically active at school, and supporting mental wellbeing...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749529/effect-and-acceptance-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-treatment-on-dental-caries-in-primary-teeth
#6
Jennifer Clemens, Jaana Gold, Jeffrey Chaffin
OBJECTIVES: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment has been identified as a potential solution to address the dental public health issues of untreated dental caries and insufficient access to care. The current study assessed the effectiveness of 38 percent SDF in arresting active dental caries lesions and in reducing or preventing associated dental pain and infections in young, at-risk children. METHODS: We enrolled 32 children aged 2-5 years with 118 active caries lesions in primary teeth from a community dental clinic in Oregon...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749525/perceived-barriers-to-implementing-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-consumption-by-adolescents-in-hospital-emergency-department-in-spain
#7
María Falcón, Javier Navarro-Zaragoza, Rosa María García-Rodríguez, Daniel Nova-López, María Dulce González-Navarro, María Mercadal, Oscar García-Algar, Aurelio Luna Ruiz-Cabello
BACKGROUND: Screening for alcohol consumption in adolescents is widely justified in the health care field because of the particular vulnerability of this population, which starts drinking alcohol at a very early age and frequently consumes high levels of the same. Hospital emergency departments (ED) could be a good venue to manage early detection and carry out brief intervention (BI) programmes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify perceived barriers for medical staff of three hospitals in Spain to successfully implement a protocol for alcohol detection and BI for minors in the ED...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749442/long-term-effects-of-pregnancy-complications-on-maternal-health-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Ran Neiger
Background: Most pregnancy-related medical complications appear to resolve at delivery or shortly thereafter. Common examples are preterm labor, placental abruption, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes. Women who developed such complications are known to be at increased risk of developing similar complications in future pregnancies. It has recently become evident that these women are at an increased risk of long term medical complications. Methods: A search through scientific publications in English regarding the association of obstetric complications and long-term maternal illness...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749417/modeling-the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-obesity-in-china-evidence-from-the-longitudinal-china-health-and-nutrition-study-1989-2011
#9
Tao Zhang
Although physical activity has been widely recognized as an important influential factor in determining the risk of obesity, the results in the existing literature empirically examining such issue are mixed. Especially for China, relevant studies are rarely found. One aim of this study is to test the direction of effects between obesity and physical activity. It uses longitudinal data to investigate the relationship and causality between physical activity and obesity for both children and adults in China. The longitudinal data and dynamic panel model used here can yield more solid results than the other studies employing cross-sectional data, particularly considering strict endogeneity and self-selection...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749415/association-between-toenail-magnesium-and-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-adults
#10
Jiguo Zhang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Ji Zhang, Bing Zhang
Previous studies have showed an inverse association between magnesium level and type 2 diabetes, but the results are inconsistent, and the evidence relates only to dietary and serum magnesium. Moreover, it is not certain how these findings are applicable to Asian people. This study was designed to examine the association between toenail magnesium and type 2 diabetes in Chinese adults. The sample was 5683 adults aged 18 years or older from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey. We used hemoglobin A1c equal to or greater than 6...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749397/action-oriented-colour-coded-foot-length-calliper-for-primary-healthcare-workers-as-a-proxy-for-birth-weight-gestational-period
#11
Asha K Pratinidhi, Abhijit C Bagade, Satish V Kakade, Hemangi P Kale, Vinayak Y Kshirsagar, Rohini Babar, Shilpa Bagal
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Foot length of the newborn has a good correlation with the birth weight and is recommended to be used as a proxy measure. There can be variations in the measurement of foot length. A study was, therefore, carried out to develop a foot length calliper for accurate foot length measurement and to find cut-off values for birth weight and gestational age groups to be used by primary healthcare workers. METHODS: This study was undertaken on 645 apparently healthy newborn infants with known gestational age...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749331/pertussis-surveillance-and-control-exploring-variations-and-delays-in-testing-laboratory-diagnostics-and-public-health-service-notifications-the-netherlands-2010-to-2013
#12
Jeanne Heil, Henriëtte L G Ter Waarbeek, Christian J P A Hoebe, Peter H A Jacobs, Dirk W van Dam, Thera A M Trienekens, Jochen W L Cals, Inge H M van Loo, Nicole H T M Dukers-Muijrers
Pertussis is most severe among unvaccinated infants (< 1 year of age), and still leads to several reported deaths in the Netherlands every year. In order to avoid pertussis-related infant morbidity and mortality, pertussis surveillance data are used to guide pertussis control measures. However, more insight into the accuracy of pertussis surveillance and control, and into the range of healthcare and public health-related factors that impede this are needed. We analysed a unique combination of data sources from one Dutch region of 1...
July 13, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749322/integration-of-slack-a-cloud-based-team-collaboration-application-into-research-coordination
#13
Miriam Gofine, Sunday Clark
Practitioners of epidemiology require efficient real-time communication and shared access to numerous documents in order to effectively manage a study. Much of this communication involves study logistics and does not require use of Protected Health Information. Slack is a team collaboration app; it archives all direct messages and group conversations, hosts documents internally, and integrates with the Google Docs application. Slack has both desktop and mobile applications, allowing users to communicate in real-time without the need to find email addresses or phone numbers or create contact lists...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749319/a-survey-exploring-national-health-service-eprescribing-toolkit-use-and-perceived-usefulness-amongst-english-hospitals
#14
Kathrin Cresswell, Ann Slee, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: There is currently limited guidance for hospitals to implement ePrescribing systems. We have developed an ePrescribing Toolkit designed to support ongoing implementation, adoption and optimisation of efforts. AIM: To investigate the perceived usefulness, reported use and areas for further development of the Toolkit by ePrescribing implementers in English hospitals. METHODS: Questionnaire-based survey of hospitals that have or are interested in implementing ePrescribing systems...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749316/-it-s-like-texting-at-the-dinner-table-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-impact-of-electronic-health-records-on-patient-physician-interaction-in-hospitals
#15
Kimberly D Pelland, Rosa R Baier, Rebekah L Gardner
nBACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) may reduce medical errors and improve care, but can complicate clinical encounters. OBJECTIVE: To describe hospital-based physicians' perceptions of the impact of EHRs on patient-physician interactions and contrast these findings against office-based physicians' perceptionsMethods: We performed a qualitative analysis of comments submitted in response to the 2014 Rhode Island Health Information Technology Survey. Office- and hospital-based physicians licensed in Rhode Island, in active practice, and located in Rhode Island or neighboring states completed the survey about their Electronic Health Record use...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749315/connecting-medical-records-an-evaluation-of-benefits-and-challenges-for-primary-care-practices
#16
Deborah Ruth Compeau, Amanda Terry
BACKGROUND: Implementation of systems to support health information sharing has lagged other areas of healthcare IT, yet offers a strong possibility for benefit.  Clinical acceptance is a key limiting factor in health IT adoption. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and challenges experienced by clinicians using a custom-developed health information exchange system, and to show how perceptions of benefits and challenges influence perceptions of productivity and care-related outcomes...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749314/designing-health-information-technology-tools-to-prevent-gaps-in-public-health-insurance
#17
Jennifer D Hall, Rose L Harding, Jennifer E DeVoe, Rachel Gold, Heather Angier, Aleksandra Sumic, Christine A Nelson, Sonja Likumahuwa-Ackman, Deborah J Cohen
BACKGROUND: Changes in health insurance policies have increased coverage opportunities, but enrollees are required to annually reapply for benefits which, if not managed appropriately, can lead to insurance gaps. Electronic health records (EHRs) can automate processes for assisting patients with health insurance enrollment and re-enrollment. OBJECTIVE: We describe community health centers' (CHC) workflow, documentation, and tracking needs for assisting families with insurance application processes, and the health information technology (IT) tool components that were developed to meet those needs...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749296/bridging-gaps-between-zoo-and-wildlife-medicine-establishing-reference-intervals-for-free-ranging-african-lions-panthera-leo
#18
Heather M Broughton, Danny Govender, Purvance Shikwambana, Patrick Chappell, Anna Jolles
The International Species Information System has set forth an extensive database of reference intervals for zoologic species, allowing veterinarians and game park officials to distinguish normal health parameters from underlying disease processes in captive wildlife. However, several recent studies comparing reference values from captive and free-ranging animals have found significant variation between populations, necessitating the development of separate reference intervals in free-ranging wildlife to aid in the interpretation of health data...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749228/-it-changed-everything-and-not-all-in-a-bad-way-reflections-of-pediatric-cancer-experiences
#19
Monica L Molinaro, Paula C Fletcher
Pediatric cancer, otherwise known as childhood cancer, is devastating to both children and their families. All individuals in a family are often physically, psychologically, and socially affected. Using the qualitative theoretical orientation of interpretive phenomenology, interviews were conducted with 10 pediatric cancer survivors and 9 of their support persons to gain a more holistic understanding of the pediatric cancer experiences of children and their families. A total of 4 themes emerged from the data, however only the past experiences of the survivors and their recollection of their pediatric journeys will be discussed...
September 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749168/anxiety-reduction-and-emotional-self-care-using-the-u-technique-in-radiology%C3%A2-departments
#20
Alberto Martinez Lorca, Roberto Aguado, Manuela Martinez Lorca, Maria Carmen Zabala Baños
Daily clinical practice is an important source of stress and emotional exhaustion. In health field, patients could experience a significant number of emotional reactions. There are high levels of anxiety in patients referred for medical imaging, and these levels are even higher in patients undergoing complicated diagnostic procedures. All this shows the need to understand that anxiety must be diagnosed and treated. This situation forces radiologist to develop emotional and social skills to resolve difficulties that may arise in the communicative act...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
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