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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945047/-analysis-of-chinese-patent-medicine-prescriptions-for-qi-stagnation-and-blood-stasis-syndrome
#1
Jia-Liang Gao, Guang Chen, Qing-Yong He, Jun Li, Jie Wang
To analyze the medication characteristics and compatibility rules in treatment of Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome. Chinese patent medicine prescriptions for Qi stagnation and blood stasis were collected from the 2015 edition of Pharmacopoeia of the people's Republic of China(herein after referred to as Chinese Pharmacopoeia) and Drug Standards of the People's Republic of China Ministry of Public Health-Chinese Patent Drug(herein after referred to as Chinese Patent Drug). Traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system(TCMISS V2...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944991/a-qualitative-study-exploring-midwives-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-maternal-obesity-reflecting-on-their-experiences-of-providing-healthy-eating-and-weight-management-advice-to-pregnant-women
#2
Mary T McCann, Lisa Newson, Catriona Burden, Jane S Rooney, Margaret S Charnley, Julie C Abayomi
Midwives are responsible for providing advice regarding the complex issues of healthy eating and weight management during pregnancy. This study utilised an inductive data-driven thematic approach in order to determine midwives' perceptions, knowledge, and experiences of providing healthy eating and weight management advice to pregnant women. Semistructured interviews with 17 midwives were transcribed verbatim and data subjected to thematic analysis. The findings offer insight into the challenges facing midwives in their role trying to promote healthy eating and appropriate weight management to pregnant women...
September 25, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944880/edoxaban-improves-venous-thrombosis-via-increasing-hydrogen-sulfide-and-homocysteine-in-rat-model
#3
Wei Song, Hongbo Ci, Guanglei Tian, Yanjun Zhang, Xiaohu Ge
Anticoagulant therapy is prescribed to millions of patients worldwide for the prevention and treatment of venous thrombosis. Evidence has indicated that edoxaban is a potential drug of oral anticoagulant in the acute treatment of venous thromboembolism. Hydrogen sulfide and homocysteine plasma concentration are indicators of cardiovascular and neurovascular disease risk factors that have attracted considerable attention for regulation of vascular health and homeostasis. However, the molecular mechanism of edoxaban‑mediated differences of hydrogen sulfide and homocysteine has not been investigated in the progression of venous thrombosis...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944771/the-spectrum-of-t-cell-metabolism-in-health-and-disease
#4
REVIEW
Glenn R Bantug, Lorenzo Galluzzi, Guido Kroemer, Christoph Hess
In healthy individuals, metabolically quiescent T cells survey lymph nodes and peripheral tissues in search of cognate antigens. During infection, T cells that encounter cognate antigens are activated and - in a context-specific manner - proliferate and/or differentiate to become effector T cells. This process is accompanied by important changes in cellular metabolism (known as metabolic reprogramming). The magnitude and spectrum of metabolic reprogramming as it occurs in T cells in the context of acute infection ensure host survival...
September 25, 2017: Nature Reviews. Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944752/a-randomised-controlled-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-breathing-retraining-exercises-taught-by-a-physiotherapist-either-by-instructional-dvd-or-in-face-to-face-sessions-in-the-management-of-asthma-in-adults
#5
Mike Thomas, Anne Bruton, Paul Little, Stephen Holgate, Amanda Lee, Lucy Yardley, Steve George, James Raftery, Jennifer Versnel, David Price, Ian Pavord, Ratko Djukanovic, Michael Moore, Sarah Kirby, Guiqing Yao, Shihua Zhu, Emily Arden-Close, Manimekalai Thiruvothiyur, Frances Webley, Mark Stafford-Watson, Elizabeth Dixon, Lynda Taylor
BACKGROUND: Asthma control is suboptimal, resulting in quality of life (QoL) impairment and costs. Breathing retraining exercises have evidence of effectiveness as adjuvant treatment, but are infrequently used. OBJECTIVES: To transfer the contents of a brief (three-session) physiotherapist-delivered breathing retraining programme to a digital versatile disc (DVD) and booklet format; to compare the effectiveness of the self-guided intervention with that of 'face-to-face' physiotherapy and usual care for QoL and other asthma-related outcomes; to perform a health economic assessment of both interventions; and to perform a process evaluation using quantitative and qualitative methods...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944749/keeping-communications-flowing-during-large-scale-disasters-leveraging-amateur-radio-innovations-for-disaster-medicine
#6
Victor H Cid, Andrew R Mitz, Stacey J Arnesen
Medical facilities may struggle to maintain effective communications during a major disaster. Natural and man-made disasters threaten connectivity by degrading or crippling Internet, cellular/mobile, and landline telephone services across wide areas. Communications among staff, between facilities, and to resources outside the disaster area may be lost for an extended time. A prototype communications system created by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) provides basic communication services that ensure essential connectivity in the face of widespread infrastructure loss...
September 25, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944732/patient-centered-drug-approval-the-role-of-patient-advocacy-in-the-drug-approval-process
#7
T Joseph Mattingly, Linda Simoni-Wastila
Recent approval of eteplirsen for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a rare disease with few treatment alternatives, has reignited the debate over the U.S. drug approval process. The evolution of legal and regulatory restrictions to the marketing and sale of pharmaceuticals has spanned more than a century, and throughout this history, patient advocacy has played a significant role. Scientific evidence from clinical trials serves as the foundation for drug approval, but the patient voice has become increasingly influential...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944726/paying-for-cures-how-can-we-afford-it-managed-care-pharmacy-stakeholder-perceptions-of-policy-options-to-address-affordability-of-prescription-drugs
#8
Kai Yeung, Kangho Suh, Anirban Basu, Louis P Garrison, Aasthaa Bansal, Josh J Carlson
BACKGROUND: High-priced medications with curative potential, such as the newer hepatitis C therapies, have contributed to the recent growth in pharmaceutical expenditure. Despite the obvious benefits, health care decision makers are just beginning to grapple with questions of how to value and pay for curative therapies that may feature large upfront cost, followed by health benefits that are reaped over a patient's lifespan. Alternative policy options have been proposed to promote high value and financially sustainable use of these therapies...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944718/obesity-is-associated-with-altered-mid-insula-functional-connectivity-to-limbic-regions-underlying-appetitive-responses-to-foods
#9
Jason A Avery, Joshua N Powell, Florence J Breslin, Rebecca J Lepping, Laura E Martin, Trisha M Patrician, Joseph E Donnelly, Cary R Savage, W Kyle Simmons
Obesity is fundamentally a disorder of energy balance. In obese individuals, more energy is consumed than is expended, leading to excessive weight gain through the accumulation of adipose tissue. Complications arising from obesity, including cardiovascular disease, elevated peripheral inflammation, and the development of Type II diabetes, make obesity one of the leading preventable causes of morbidity and mortality. Thus, it is of paramount importance to both individual and public health that we understand the neural circuitry underlying the behavioral regulation of energy balance...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944635/-unknown-title
#10
(no author information available yet)
The use of a Nursing Model (NM) for nursing administration offers direct and indirect benefits for patients as for nurses. Depending the chosen NM, the concepts of person, health, nursing and environment are very different. Each NM has its special vision of the practice of nursing. The study investigated whether the Chief Nursing Officers (CNO) of the bilingual and French speaking Belgian hospitals integrate Nursing Models in the politics of their department. A quantitative descriptive and correlational survey was conducted...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944634/-unknown-title
#11
(no author information available yet)
Self-esteem is an inner attitude at the base of the construction of personality and psychic balance in addition to be responsible of adaptive processes over the course of life. The concept of self-esteem is commonly used in several disciplines however, it seems that the consensus on its conceptualization and its operationalization is not yet reached. In this context, the concept analysis allows to address a phenomenon and to understand its use and its evolution from a unique disciplinary perspective. The aim of this article is therefore to analyze the concept of self esteem from a nursing perspective to identify : definitions of the term and related terms, attributes, model and limit cases proposed here within the community of mental health nurses, antecedents and consequents as well as the empirical references using the Walker and Avant method...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944604/the-social-practice-of-medical-guanxi-personal-connections-and-patient-physician-trust-in-china-an-anthropological-and-ethical-tsudy
#12
Xiang Zou, Yu Cheng, Jing-Bao Nie
In China's healthcare sector, a popular and socio-culturally distinctive phenomenon known as guanxi jiuyi (medical guanxi), whereby patients draw on their guanxi (personal connections) with physicians when seeking healthcare, is thriving. Integrating anthropological investigation with normative inquiry, this paper examines medical guanxi through the lens of patient-physician trust and mistrust. The first-hand empirical data acquired - on the lived experiences and perspectives of both patients and physicians - is based on six months' fieldwork carried out in a county hospital in Guangdong, southern China, which included in-depth interviews with 20 patients and 20 medical professionals...
September 25, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944529/do-capability-and-functioning-differ-a-study-of-u-k-survey-responses
#13
Hareth Al-Janabi
A core feature of the capability approach is that a person's capabilities (what they are able to do and be in their life) can differ from their functionings (what they actually do and are in their life). However, the degree to which capability and functioning differ in practice is unclear. This paper investigates this issue, focusing on capability and functioning differences (CFD) across different aspects of life and different individuals. In the study, the ICECAP-A capability questionnaire was modified to measure both functionings and capabilities and was completed by U...
September 24, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944489/using-systematic-review-in-occupational-safety-and-health
#14
John Howard, John Piacentino, Kathleen MacMahon, Paul Schulte
Evaluation of scientific evidence is critical in developing recommendations to reduce risk. Healthcare was the first scientific field to employ a systematic review approach for synthesizing research findings to support evidence-based decision-making and it is still the largest producer and consumer of systematic reviews. Systematic reviews in the field of occupational safety and health are being conducted, but more widespread use and adoption would strengthen assessments. In 2016, NIOSH asked RAND to develop a framework for applying the traditional systematic review elements to the field of occupational safety and health...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944459/the-changing-demographic-profile-of-dentists-and-dental-specialists-in-south-africa-2002-2015
#15
Ahmed Bhayat, Usuf Chikte
INTRODUCTION: It is essential to have regular audits of the number of oral health personnel so that planning, delivery of services and training can be addressed. There has not been such an audit in South Africa (SA) for more than 10 years. AIM: To determine the demographic profile of dentists and dental specialists (DS) between 2002 and 2015. METHODS: A retrospective record-based study was used and all dentists and DS registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) from 2002 till 2015 were included...
September 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944453/personalised-digital-interventions-for-reducing-hazardous-and-harmful-alcohol-consumption-in-community-dwelling-populations
#16
REVIEW
Eileen Fs Kaner, Fiona R Beyer, Claire Garnett, David Crane, Jamie Brown, Colin Muirhead, James Redmore, Amy O'Donnell, James J Newham, Frank de Vocht, Matthew Hickman, Heather Brown, Gregory Maniatopoulos, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use contributes significantly to physical and psychological illness, injury and death, and a wide array of social harm in all age groups. A proven strategy for reducing excessive alcohol consumption levels is to offer a brief conversation-based intervention in primary care settings, but more recent technological innovations have enabled people to interact directly via computer, mobile device or smartphone with digital interventions designed to address problem alcohol consumption...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944409/characterizing-groundwater-quality-ranks-for-drinking-purposes-in-sylhet-district-bangladesh-using-entropy-method-spatial-autocorrelation-index-and-geostatistics
#17
Abu Reza Md Towfiqul Islam, Nasir Ahmed, Md Bodrud-Doza, Ronghao Chu
Drinking water is susceptible to the poor quality of contaminated water affecting the health of humans. Thus, it is an essential study to investigate factors affecting groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking uses. In this paper, the entropy theory, multivariate statistics, spatial autocorrelation index, and geostatistics are applied to characterize groundwater quality and its spatial variability in the Sylhet district of Bangladesh. A total of 91samples have been collected from wells (e.g., shallow, intermediate, and deep tube wells at 15-300-m depth) from the study area...
September 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944408/etiology-of-childhood-pneumonia-what-we-know-and-what-we-need-to-know-based-on-5th-dr-ic-verma-excellence-oration-award
#18
Joseph L Mathew
Childhood community acquired pneumonia continues to be an important clinical problem at the individual, institutional and community levels. Determination of microbial etiology is critical to develop evidence-based management (therapeutic and prophylactic) decisions. For decades, the approach to this relied on culture of lung aspirate specimens obtained from children with radiographically confirmed pneumonia, before administering antibiotics. Such studies revealed the major bacteria associated with pneumonia, prompting the World Health Organization to develop a highly sensitive clinical definition of pneumonia and advocate empiric antibiotic therapy; in order to save lives (focusing on community settings lacking resources for diagnostic tests)...
September 25, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944398/characteristics-of-international-staff-victims-of-psychiatric-patient-assaults-review-of-published-findings-2013-2017
#19
REVIEW
Raymond B Flannery, Grace Wyshak, Georgina J Flannery
Psychiatric patient assaults on staff are a worldwide occupational hazard for health care staff that results in human suffering and dollar cost expense. International research through 2012 documented the frequency of these assaults and a continuing high risk for nursing personnel. This present paper reviewed the international published literature on staff victims of patient assaults during the next five year period of 2013-2017. The findings indicate that assaults on staff remain a serious worldwide issue as it has been since the 1990s, even with new policy initiatives in place meant to reduce such violence...
September 25, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944397/chronic-myeloid-leukemia-the-promise-of-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-discontinuation
#20
REVIEW
Ravi Kishore Narra, Kathryn E Flynn, Ehab Atallah
Some believe that tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy is as close to perfect as it gets in oncologic therapy. Patients diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) are treated with a daily oral therapy, through which most achieve remission. TKI therapy is not associated with classic chemotherapy side effects, and most patients are able to resume their normal activities of daily living. Moreover, recent data has demonstrated that CML does not affect the life expectancy of patients whose disease is well controlled with a TKI...
September 25, 2017: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
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