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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909435/photobiomodulation-therapy-pbmt-on-acute-pain-and-inflammation-in-patients-who-underwent-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-randomized-triple-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Luciana Gonçalves Langella, Heliodora Leão Casalechi, Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Douglas Scott Johnson, Regiane Albertini, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
When conservative treatments fail, hip osteoarthritis (OA), a chronic degenerative disease characterized by cartilage wear, progressive joint deformity, and loss of function, can result in the need for a total hip arthroplasty (THA). Surgical procedures induced tissue trauma and incite an immune response. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMt) using low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and/or light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) has proven effective in tissue repair by modulating the inflammatory process and promoting pain relief...
June 16, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886115/attribution-bias-underlying-burns-induced-anxiety-symptoms
#2
Mena Farag, Edward J R Watson, Klára Nenadlová, Christian Asher, Sayed Al-Aidarous, Sundhiya Mandalia, Lisa M Williams, Trudi L Edginton, Declan Collins, Marcela P Vizcaychipi
INTRODUCTION: Burn injuries are a debilitating cause of morbidity and mortality associated with the long-term impact of psychological factors on quality of life. Accurate assessment of the differential impact of burn sequelae and anxiety is often complicated by the overlap between psychological and somatic symptoms in burns patients. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) is one validated psychometric tool for anxiety assessment. The primary objective of this study is to investigate whether utilising the BAI as a tool to assess for anxiety in burns patients is biased due to the confounding of symptoms of anxiety with the physical sequelae of a burn injury...
June 6, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861729/investigation-of-clinical-characteristics-and-etiological-factors-in-children-with-molar-incisor-hypomineralization
#3
Maria Rita Giuca, Maria Cappè, Elisabetta Carli, Lisa Lardani, Marco Pasini
Aim: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the clinical defects and etiological factors potentially involved in the onset of MIH in a pediatric sample. Methods: 120 children, selected from the university dental clinic, were included: 60 children (25 boys and 35 girls; average age: 9.8 ± 1.8 years) with MIH formed the test group and 60 children (27 boys and 33 girls; average age: 10.1 ± 2 years) without MIH constituted the control group. Distribution and severity of MIH defects were evaluated, and a questionnaire was used to investigate the etiological variables; chi-square, univariate, and multivariate statistical tests were performed (significance level set at p < 0...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858953/cold-plasma-treatment-triggers-antioxidative-defense-system-and-induces-changes-in-hyphal-surface-and-subcellular-structures-of-aspergillus-flavus
#4
Juliana Šimončicová, Barbora Kaliňáková, Dušan Kováčik, Veronika Medvecká, Boris Lakatoš, Svetlana Kryštofová, Lucia Hoppanová, Veronika Palušková, Daniela Hudecová, Pavol Ďurina, Anna Zahoranová
The cold atmospheric-pressure plasma (CAPP) has become one of the recent effective decontamination technologies, but CAPP interactions with biological material remain the subject of many studies. The CAPP generates numerous types of particles and radiations that synergistically affect cells and tissues differently depending on their structure. In this study, we investigated the effect of CAPP generated by diffuse coplanar surface barrier discharge on hyphae of Aspergillus flavus. Hyphae underwent massive structural changes after plasma treatment...
June 1, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778051/assessing-psychopathy-in-forensic-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-validating-the-comprehensive-assessment-of-the-psychopathic-personality-institutional-rating-scale-capp-irs
#5
Louis De Page, Sophie Mercenier, Pierre Titeca
The assessment of psychopathy in (forensic) schizophrenia spectrum disorders is long-standing debate. In the present study, we investigated the psychometric properties of the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality-Institutional Rating Scale (CAPP-IRS) in a sample of 72 male forensic patients with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. We compared the CAPP-IRS' psychometric properties to those of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). The CAPP-IRS showed good interrater reliability and internal consistency except for the CAPP-IRS Cognition and Emotional Domains...
May 16, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777713/development-and-psychometric-validation-of-capacity-assessment-of-prosthetic-performance-for-the-upper-limb-cappful
#6
Nathan T Kearns, Jennifer K Peterson, Lisa Smurr Walters, Warren T Jackson, John M Miguelez, Tiffany Ryan
OBJECTIVES: (1) Develop a performance-based measure for adult upper limb (UL) prosthetic functioning through broad (i.e. overall performance) and functional domain-specific (e.g., control skills) assessment of commonplace activities; (2) conduct initial psychometric evaluation of the Capacity Assessment of Prosthetic Performance for the Upper Limb (CAPPFUL). DESIGN: Internal consistency of CAPPFUL and interrater reliability for task, functional domain, and full scale (sub)scores among three independent raters were estimated...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751855/electronic-and-social-media-based-radiology-learning-initiative-development-implementation-viewership-trends-and-assessment-at-1-year
#7
Nicholas A Koontz, Danielle V Hill, Sean C Dodson, Alisha E Capps, Aaron P Kamer, Mark S Frank, Darel E Heitkamp
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We report the development of a new "Case of the Day" (COTD) educational initiative using email, social media (SoMe), and a website to disseminate content, as well as its trends in viewership and assessment of utility for the first year of implementation. MATERIALS/METHODS: Using an image-rich format, a new unknown case was disseminated to radiology trainees and attendings at our institution by email twice per week, including history, salient images, and follow-up questions...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751283/coronary-heart-disease-mortality-in-treated-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-update-of-the-uk-simon-broome-fh-register
#8
S E Humphries, J A Cooper, M Seed, N Capps, P N Durrington, B Jones, I F W McDowell, H Soran, H A W Neil
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) have an elevated risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Here we compare changes in CHD mortality in patients with heterozygous (FH) pre 1992, before lipid-lowering therapy with statins was used routinely, and in the periods 1992-2008 and 2008-2016. METHODS: 1903 Definite (DFH) and 1650 Possible (PFH) patients (51% women) aged 20-79 years, recruited from 21 lipid clinics in the United Kingdom and followed prospectively between 1980 and 2016 for 67,060 person-years...
May 1, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727744/the-effect-of-hospital-acquisitions-of-physician-practices-on-prices-and-spending
#9
Cory Capps, David Dranove, Christopher Ody
During the past decade, U.S. hospitals have acquired a large number of physician practices. For example, from 2007 to 2013, hospitals acquired nearly 10% of the practices in our sample. We find that the prices for the services provided by acquired physicians increase by an average of 14.1% post-acquisition. Nearly half of this increase is attributable to the exploitation of payment rules. Price increases are larger when the acquiring hospital has a larger share of its inpatient market. We find that integration of primary care physicians increases enrollee spending by 4...
May 2018: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726838/estimating-regions-of-air-trapping-from-electrical-impedance-tomography-data
#10
Jennifer L Mueller, Peter Muller, Michelle Mellenthin, Rashmi Murthy, Michael Capps, Melody Alsaker, Robin Deterding, Scott D Sagel, Emily DeBoer
OBJECTIVE: Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) has been shown to be a viable non-invasive, bedside imaging modality to monitor lung function. This paper introduces a method for identifying regions of air trapping from EIT data collected during tidal breathing and breath-holding maneuvers. APPROACH: Ventilation-perfusion index maps are computed from dynamic EIT images. These maps are then used to identify regions of air trapping in the area of the lung as regions that are poorly ventilated but well perfused throughout the breathing and cardiac cycles...
May 31, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684123/bimodality-of-gene-expression-from-yeast-promoter-can-be-instigated-by-dna-context-inducing-conditions-and-strain-background
#11
Jian Liu, Sevan Arabaciyan, Jean Marie François, Jean-Pascal Capp
Bimodality in gene expression is thought to provide a high phenotypic heterogeneity that can be favourable for adaptation or unfavourable notably in industrial processes that require stable and homogeneous properties. Whether this property is produced or suppressed in different conditions has been understudied. Here we identified tens of Saccharomyces cerevisiae genomic fragments conferring bimodal yEGFP expression on centromeric plasmid and studied some of these promoters in different DNA contexts, inducing conditions or strain backgrounds...
June 1, 2018: FEMS Yeast Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649258/clinician-ratings-of-the-comprehensive-assessment-of-psychopathic-personality-capp-in-a-representative-sample-of-spanish-prison-inmates-new-validity-evidence
#12
Gerardo Flórez, Ventura Ferrer, Luis S García, María R Crespo, Manuel Pérez, Pilar A Saíz, David J Cooke
The Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP) is a concept map of psychopathic personality disorder (PPD). The CAPP- Institutional Rating Scale (IRS) is a tool designed to assess CAPP symptoms in institutional settings. The CAPP contains 33 personality traits organized in six domains: attachment, behavioural, cognitive, dominance, emotional and self. Until now, much of the CAPP research has been conducted out of clinical, forensic and correctional settings using self-ratings. In the current study, the psychometric properties and construct validity of the CAPP-IRS were evaluated in a non-convenience sample of 204 Spanish convicts...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626029/respiratory-symptoms-in-a-patient-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
Jennifer Capps, Mark Woodhead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614735/children-and-caregivers-exposure-to-adverse-childhood-experiences-aces-association-with-children-s-and-caregivers-psychological-outcomes-in-a-therapeutic-preschool-program
#14
Yair Ziv, Inbar Sofri, Kristen L Capps Umphlet, Stephanie Olarte, Jimmy Venza
Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACE) has been found to have a profound negative impact on multiple child outcomes, including academic achievement, social cognition patterns, and behavioral adjustment. However, these links have yet to be examined in preschool children that are already experiencing behavior or social-emotional problems. Thus, the present study examined the links between the caregiver's and the child's exposure to ACE and multiple child and caregiver's outcomes in a sample of 30 preschool children enrolled in a Therapeutic Nursery Program (TNP)...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565263/evaluation-of-surrogate-measures-of-pulmonary-function-derived-from-electrical-impedance-tomography-data-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#15
Peter A Muller, Jennifer L Mueller, Michelle Mellenthin, Rashmi Murthy, Michael Capps, Brandie D Wagner, Melody Alsaker, Robin Deterding, Scott D Sagel, Jordana Hoppe
OBJECTIVE: Lung function monitoring by spirometry plays a critical role in the clinical care of pediatric cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, but many young children are unable to perform spirometry, and the outputs are often normal even in the presence of lung disease. Measures derived from electrical impedance tomography (EIT) images were studied for their utility as potential surrogates for spirometry in CF patients and to assess response to intravenous antibiotic treatment for acute pulmonary exacerbations (PEx) in a subset of patients...
April 26, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536463/-successful-treatment-of-a-necrotizing-multi-resistant-bacterial-pyoderma-in-a-python-with-cold-plasma-therapy
#16
Christoph Klinger, Berrett Dengler, Thomas Bauer, Ralf S Mueller
A 4-year-old ball python was presented 3 weeks after multiple bite wounds from a prey rat with large skin lesions, a concurrent deep bacterial pyoderma and clinical signs for septicemia, including neurolo -gical symptoms. Affected tissue separated from the underlying muscular layer revealing parts of the muscles. Clinical examination and cyto -logy was consistent with bacterial pyoderma; septicemia was an additional tentative clinical diagnosis. Empirical lincomycin and marbo -floxacin (bacterial culture revealed a multi-resistant Stenotrophomonas maltophilia susceptible to fluoroquinolones) treatment improved the patient's general condition but skin wounds deteriorated to multifocal eschars with intracellular rods...
February 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513078/early-childhood-trauma-in-high-risk-families-associations-with-caregiver-emotional-availability-and-insightfulness-and-children-s-social-information-processing-and-social-behavior
#17
Yair Ziv, Kristen L Capps Umphlet, Stephanie Olarte, Jimmy Venza
The links between exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), caregiver insightfulness and emotional availability, and the child's social information processing (SIP) and social behavior were examined in a sample of 15 preschool children enrolled in a Therapeutic Nursery Program (TNP). Children are typically referred to the TNP due to significant delays in their social emotional development that often result in difficulty functioning in typical childcare, home, and community settings. Caregiver insightfulness was measured via an interview with the caregiver...
June 2018: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506713/relationship-between-syntax-score-and-prognostic-localization-of-coronary-artery-lesions-with-conventional-risk-factors-plasma-profile-markers-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-capp-study-2
#18
Alberto Cappelletti, Domenico Astore, Cosmo Godino, Barbara Bellini, Valeria Magni, Monica Mazzavillani, Matteo Pagnesi, Eustachio Agricola, Roberto Chiesa, Antonio Colombo, Alberto Margonato
BACKGROUND: Data concerning the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors, plasmatic markers, carotid disease and extent of coronary lesions are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of cardiovascular risk factors, plasmatic levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), fibrinogen, lipoprotein(a), and carotid plaque extension in predicting the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We analyzed 574 subjects undergoing first coronary angiography...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463554/combination-approach-for-detecting-different-types-of-alterations-in-circulating-tumor-dna-in-leiomyosarcoma
#19
Joanna Przybyl, Jacob J Chabon, Lien Spans, Kristen N Ganjoo, Sujay Vennam, Aaron M Newman, Erna Forgó, Sushama Varma, Shirley Zhu, Maria Debiec-Rychter, Ash A Alizadeh, Maximilian Diehn, Matt van de Rijn
Purpose: The clinical utility of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) monitoring has been shown in tumors that harbor highly recurrent mutations. Leiomyosarcoma represents a type of tumor with a wide spectrum of heterogeneous genomic abnormalities; thus, targeting hotspot mutations or a narrow genomic region for ctDNA detection may not be practical. Here, we demonstrate a combinatorial approach that integrates different sequencing protocols for the orthogonal detection of single-nucleotide variants (SNV), small indels, and copy-number alterations (CNA) in ctDNA...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450692/expression-of-semaphorin-class-3-is-higher-in-the-proliferative-phase-on-the-human-endometrium
#20
Gustavo Dias Ferreira, Edison Capp, Julia Jauckus, Thomas Strowitzki, Ariane Germeyer
PURPOSE: The semaphorins are related to angiogenesis and cell proliferation depending on the tissue. The purpose of this study was to assess gene expression of class 3 semaphorin (SEMA3A-F) and protein expression of semaphorin 3A (SEMA3A) within human endometrium throughout the menstrual cycle. METHODS: Gene expression of SEMA3A-F was analyzed by real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and protein expression of SEMA3A was analyzed by ELISA in endometrial biopsies in the proliferative and secretory phase of the menstrual cycle...
May 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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