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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631923/influence-of-ingesting-a-flavonoid-rich-supplement-on-the-metabolome-and-concentration-of-urine-phenolics-in-overweight-obese-women
#1
David C Nieman, Sivapriya Ramamoorthy, Colin D Kay, Courtney L Goodman, Christopher R Capps, Zach L Shue, Nicole Heyl, Mary H Grace
This study evaluated the effect of ingesting a flavonoid-rich supplement (329 mg/d) on total urine phenolics and shifts in plasma metabolites in overweight/obese female adults using untargeted metabolomics procedures. Participants (N=103, 18-65 y, BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) were randomized to flavonoid (F) or placebo (P) groups for 12 weeks, with blood and 24-h urine samples collected pre-study, 4- and 12-weeks in a parallel design. Supplements were prepared as chewable tablets, and included vitamin C, wild bilberry fruit extract, green tea leaf extract, quercetin, caffeine, and omega 3 fatty acids...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628075/using-the-nln-faculty-preparation-for-global-experiences-toolkit-for-successful-application-for-the-fulbright-scholar-award
#2
Zepure Samawi, Lisa Capps, Ruth Hansen
With an increasingly global world and the migration of diverse populations, nurse faculty have opportunities to learn and share varied perspectives through involvement internationally in research, teaching, and practice. The National League for Nursing (NLN) joins with the World Health Organization and the International Council of Nurses to promote international nursing standards. One way in which nursing faculty can contribute to this goal is by pursuing international education, research, and service as a Fulbright scholar...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618883/the-freedom-of-the-octogenarian-to-find-grace-and-humor-in-the-lasting-personal-strength-gained-through-cappe-education
#3
Maureen Soukoreff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573356/active-involved-community-partnerships-co-creating-implementation-infrastructure-for-getting-to-and-sustaining-social-impact
#4
Renée I Boothroyd, Aprille Y Flint, A Mark Lapiz, Sheryl Lyons, Karen Lofts Jarboe, William A Aldridge
Active involved community partnerships (AICPs) are essential to co-create implementation infrastructure and translate evidence into real-world practice. Across varied forms, AICPs cultivate community and tribal members as agents of change, blending research and organizational knowledge with relationships, context, culture, and local wisdom. Unlike selective engagement, AICPs enable active involvement of partners in the ongoing process of implementation and sustainability. This includes defining the problem, developing solutions, detecting practice changes, aligning organizational supports, and nurturing shared responsibility, accountability, and ownership for implementation...
June 1, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557593/effects-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-the-modulation-of-tissue-temperature-and-hyperalgesia-following-a-partial-achilles-tendon-injury-in-rats
#5
Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Evela Aparecida Pereira da Silva, Anna Cristina de Farias Marques, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the modulation of tissue temperature and hyperalgesia following a partial injury to the Achilles tendon in rats. Forty-five rats were randomly divided into three groups: a control group, a group treated with LLLT at a dose of 1.4 J (808 nm, 50 mW, 1.4 J), and a group treated with LLLT at a dose of 2.1 J (808 nm, 50 mW, 2.1 J). LLLT was administered to a single point immediately following the partial injury of the Achilles tendon...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537366/variation-in-methods-used-to-determine-national-mean-dmft-scores-for-12-year-old-children-in-european-countries
#6
R N Patel, K A Eaton, N B Pitts, A Schulte, K Pieper, S White
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the methods used to identify national mean DMFT scores for 12-year-old children in all the Member States of the European Union and European Economic Area, and in 11 other European countries. Methods: The most recent national mean DMFT scores were accessed from the World Health Organisation Oral Health CAPP and the Council of European Chief Dental Officers databanks. A literature search was then performed to access the reports of the studies that had produced these DMFT scores, cited on these databanks...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452956/protective-effect-of-caffeic-acid-derivatives-on-tert-butyl-hydroperoxide-induced-oxidative-hepato-toxicity-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-hepg2-cells
#7
Tzung-Hsun Tsai, Chun-Hsien Yu, Yu-Ping Chang, Yu-Ting Lin, Ching-Jang Huang, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Po-Jung Tsai
Oxidative stress results in structural and functional abnormalities in the liver and is thought to be a crucial factor in liver diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytoprotective and antioxidant effects of caffeic acid (CA) derivatives on tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative stress in HepG2 cells. Nine CA derivatives were synthesized, including N-phenylethyl caffeamide (PECA), N-(3-florophen)methyl caffeamide (FMCA), N-(4-methoxy-phen)methyl caffeamide (MPMCA), N-heptyl caffeamide (HCA), N-octyl caffeamide (OCA), octyl caffeate (CAOE), phenpropyl caffeate (CAPPE), phenethyl caffeate (CAPE), and phenmethyl caffeate (CAPME)...
April 28, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430249/study-of-a-reflection-grating-used-in-littrow-mount
#8
D M Capps
The near and far fields of a finite conductivity metallic grating with symmetrical triangular facets, used in Littrow mount, are studied. A new Green's function approach, based on the Hertz vector, is introduced and used to propagate throughout a two-dimensional domain. The field quantity of primary interest is Poynting's vector; however, the stored power is also calculated. In assessing the fields generated by the propagator, a quasi-periodic dependence of output characteristics on the grating depth to period ratio, discussed in the literature, is also found in the present study...
April 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408878/reward-based-motor-adaptation-mediated-by-basal-ganglia
#9
Taegyo Kim, Khaldoun C Hamade, Dmitry Todorov, William H Barnett, Robert A Capps, Elizaveta M Latash, Sergey N Markin, Ilya A Rybak, Yaroslav I Molkov
It is widely accepted that the basal ganglia (BG) play a key role in action selection and reinforcement learning. However, despite considerable number of studies, the BG architecture and function are not completely understood. Action selection and reinforcement learning are facilitated by the activity of dopaminergic neurons, which encode reward prediction errors when reward outcomes are higher or lower than expected. The BG are thought to select proper motor responses by gating appropriate actions, and suppressing inappropriate ones...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406176/male-alliance-behaviour-and-mating-access-varies-with-habitat-in-a-dolphin-social-network
#10
Richard C Connor, William R Cioffi, Srđan Randić, Simon J Allen, Jana Watson-Capps, Michael Krützen
Within-species variation in social structure has attracted interest recently because of the potential to explore phenotypic plasticity and, specifically, how demographic and ecological variation influence social structure. Populations of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops spp.) vary in male alliance formation, from no alliances to simple pairs to, in Shark Bay, Western Australia, the most complex nested alliances known outside of humans. Examination of ecological contributions to this variation is complicated by differences among populations in other potentially explanatory traits, such as phylogenetic distance, as well as female reproductive schedules, sexual size dimorphism, and body size...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399596/antral-follicles-count-and-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-after-gonadotoxic-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-cohort-study
#11
Ângela Marcon D'Avila, Edison Capp, Helena von Eye Corleta
Aim To assess ovarian reserve (OVR) by means of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), and antral follicle count (AFC) measurement in eumenorrheic women with breast cancer, exposed to gonadotoxic chemotherapy. Method Fifty-two women (35.3 ± 3.8 years old) with breast cancer and undergoing cyclophosphamide-containing chemotherapy were enrolled. The assessment was performed before chemotherapy (T1) and after 2 (T2) and 6 months (T3). Results Six months after chemotherapy, the prevalence of regular cycles was 60%...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399311/molecular-markers-of-pesticide-resistance-and-pathogens-in-human-head-lice-phthiraptera-pediculidae-from-rural-georgia-usa
#12
Marina E Eremeeva, Danielle Capps, Emmanuel B Winful, Shamta S Warang, Sarah E Braswell, Nikolay K Tokarevich, Denise L Bonilla, Lance A Durden
Although the head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, and body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L., both have a worldwide distribution, the occurrence of head louse pediculosis appears to be more prevalent in modern societies despite systematic use of various pediculicides. This study tested head lice collected in rural Georgia and body lice collected in Russia for the prevalence of a kdr-biomarker that is associated with permethrin resistance. This study also screened lice for the presence of DNA from Bartonella quintana and Acinetobacter species...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398474/expect-the-unexpected-screening-for-secondary-findings-in-clinical-genomics-research
#13
Michael P Mackley, Benjamin Capps
Background: Due to decreasing cost, and increasing speed and precision, genomic sequencing in research is resulting in the generation of vast amounts of genetic data. The question of how to manage that information has been an area of significant debate. In particular, there has been much discussion around the issue of 'secondary findings' (SF)-findings unrelated to the research that have diagnostic significance. Sources of data: The following includes ethical commentaries, guidelines and policies in respect to large-scale clinical genomics studies...
June 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395370/intra-articular-tranexamic-acid-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-meta-analysis
#14
Joseph T Moskal, Susan G Capps
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with an increased need for blood transfusions and thus an increase in risks associated with blood transfusion such as transfusion reactions, infections, fluid overload, and altered mental status. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic medication that can reduce perioperative blood loss in TKA. However, the best method of delivery has not been defined although topical intra-articular TXA (IA-TXA) may have a theoretical advantage as it is applied directly when and where it is needed to control bleeding...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358809/oxidative-modification-and-electrochemical-inactivation-of-escherichia-coli-upon-cold-atmospheric-pressure-plasma-exposure
#15
Marlène Dezest, Anne-Laure Bulteau, Damien Quinton, Laurent Chavatte, Mickael Le Bechec, Jean Pierre Cambus, Stéphane Arbault, Anne Nègre-Salvayre, Franck Clément, Sarah Cousty
Cold atmospheric pressure plasmas (CAPPs) are known to have bactericidal effects but the mechanism of their interaction with microorganisms remains poorly understood. In this study the bacteria Escherichia coli were used as a model and were exposed to CAPPs. Different gas compositions, helium with or without adjunctions of nitrogen or oxygen, were used. Our results indicated that CAPP induced bacterial death at decontamination levels depend on the duration, post-treatment storage and the gas mixture composition used for the treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334154/ethical-issues-of-crispr-technology-and-gene-editing-through-the-lens-of-solidarity
#16
John J Mulvihill, Benjamin Capps, Yann Joly, Tamra Lysaght, Hub A E Zwart, Ruth Chadwick
Background: The avalanche of commentaries on CRISPR-Cas9 technology, a bacterial immune system modified to recognize any short DNA sequence, cut it out, and insert a new one, has rekindled hopes for gene therapy and other applications and raised criticisms of engineering genes in future generations. Sources of data: This discussion draws on articles that emphasize ethics, identified partly through PubMed and Google, 2014-2016. Areas of agreement: CRISPR-Cas9 has taken the pace and prospects for genetic discovery and applications to a high level, stoking anticipation for somatic gene engineering to help patients...
June 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326430/still-no-single-gold-standard-for-using-cementless-femoral-stems-routinely-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#17
Joseph T Moskal, Susan G Capps, John A Scanelli
BACKGROUND: There is now a clear trend with increased usage of cementless femoral stems for all ages and most patients. As the number of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed annually continues to increase with expanding indications for THA and demands for improved quality of life, so will the prevalence of THA in the elderly and aging populations. This is worrisome as the risk of complications with cementless femoral stems increases in elderly patients and those with poor bone quality...
December 2016: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300476/ovarian-steroid-hormones-modulate-the-expression-of-progesterone-receptors-and-histone-acetylation-patterns-in-uterine-leiomyoma-cells
#18
Gabriela Dos Santos Sant'Anna, Ilma Simoni Brum, Gisele Branchini, Lolita Schneider Pizzolato, Edison Capp, Helena von Eye Corleta
Uterine leiomyomas are the most common benign smooth muscle cell tumors in women. Estrogen (E2), progesterone (P4) and environmental factors play important roles in the development of these tumors. New treatments, such as mifepristone, have been proposed. We evaluated the gene expression of total (PRT) and B (PRB) progesterone receptors, and the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) and deacetylase (HDAC) activity after treatment with E2, P4 and mifepristone (RU486) in primary cell cultures from uterine leiomyoma and normal myometrium...
March 16, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287436/plasma-based-degradation-of-mycotoxins-produced-by-fusarium-aspergillus-and-alternaria-species
#19
Lars Ten Bosch, Katharina Pfohl, Georg Avramidis, Stephan Wieneke, Wolfgang Viöl, Petr Karlovsky
The efficacy of cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAPP) with ambient air as working gas for the degradation of selected mycotoxins was studied. Deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, enniatins, fumonisin B1, and T2 toxin produced by Fusarium spp., sterigmatocystin produced by Aspergillus spp. and AAL toxin produced by Alternaria alternata were used. The kinetics of the decay of mycotoxins exposed to plasma discharge was monitored. All pure mycotoxins exposed to CAPP were degraded almost completely within 60 s. Degradation rates varied with mycotoxin structure: fumonisin B1 and structurally related AAL toxin were degraded most rapidly while sterigmatocystin exhibited the highest resistance to degradation...
March 10, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274148/selection-of-developmentally-competent-human-oocytes-aspirated-during-cesarean-section
#20
Diego Duarte Alcoba, Edimárlei Gonsales Valério, Maiara Conzatti, Júlia Schneider, Edison Capp, Helena von Eye Corleta, Ilma Simoni Brum
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficiency/safety of Brilliant Cresyl Blue (BCB) staining as a selection method of developmentally competent immature human oocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immature oocytes of 32 pregnant women were recovered during cesarean section (CS). After retrieval, 92 oocytes were randomly divided into two groups: control (directly disposed to in vitro maturation - IVM) and treated - exposed to BCB 26 μM during 60 min. After staining, the treated group was classified as cytoplasm coloration, BCB positive (blue) or negative (colorless), and then disposed to IVM...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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