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Children's recollections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770671/-prevalence-of-clonorchis-sinensis-infection-and-effect-of-albendazole-treatment-among-residents-in-two-communities-of-zhongshan-city
#1
Zheng Ying-Yan, Xie Ting-Jun, Wang Man, Fang Yue-Yi, Luo Le
OBJECTIVE: To understand the prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis infection among residents in two communities of Zhongshan City, and evaluate the effect of albendazole treatment, so as to offer the evidence for formulating the strategy of clonorchiasis prevention and control. METHODS: The stool specimens were collected from the residents of two comprehensive demonstration areas, and the eggs of C. sinensis were detected by Kato-Katz technique. Those who were tested positive were treated with albendazole (0...
February 22, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698561/phenotypes-of-childhood-wheeze-in-japanese-children-a-group-based-trajectory-analysis
#2
Limin Yang, Masami Narita, Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Naoko Sakamoto, Hirohisa Saito, Yukihiro Ohya
BACKGROUND: Exploring patterns of childhood wheeze may help to clarify the etiology and prognosis of respiratory diseases. The purpose of this study was to classify phenotypes of wheezing in children up to 9 years of age in Japan and to evaluate the individual and environmental risk factors for these phenotypes. METHODS: Wheeze was evaluated at approximately 1-year intervals based on the mothers' recollection of their child's wheezing or whistling in the chest during the preceding 12 months...
April 26, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405920/comparing-children-s-memories-for-negative-versus-positive-events-in-the-context-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#3
Jemma Bray, Neil Brewer, Kate Cameron, Reginald D V Nixon
How well children remember negative events is not fully understood. Previous research has failed to simultaneously test memory and perceptions of memory for both negative and positive events. Children (n = 38, 7-17 years) recruited from a hospital following accidental injury were tested for their memory of an injury-producing accident (negative event) and a positive event (unexpectedly receiving a $50 gift voucher). Objective accuracy of memory, memory quality characteristics (e.g., how coherently the event was recalled), children's judgments of their memory (meta-cognitive), and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms were assessed 2 months post-injury...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376766/recollection-improves-with-age-children-s-and-adults-accounts-of-their-childhood-experiences
#4
Karen Tustin, Harlene Hayne
Since the time of Freud, psychologists have drawn conclusions about children's memory on the basis of retrospective research with adults. Here, we turn the tables by examining what prospective studies with children and adolescents can tell us about the retrospective memory accounts provided by adults. Adults were interviewed about recent events and events from different points during their childhood (Age 5, Age 10) and early adolescence (Age 13). Children (5- and 8- to 9-year-olds) and young adolescents (12- to 13-year-olds) were interviewed about recent events...
January 29, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373316/practical-recommendations-for-managing-hemolyzed-samples-in-clinical-chemistry-testing
#5
Giuseppe Lippi, Janne Cadamuro, Alexander von Meyer, Ana-Maria Simundic
We suggest here a pragmatic approach for managing results of clinical chemistry testing in hemolyzed samples collected from adults/older children, attempting to balance the need to produce quality laboratory data with clinical urgency of releasing test results. Automatic measurement of the hemolysis index (H-index) in serum or plasma is highly advisable, whilst low-quality assessment of this test remains less good than a visual inspection. Regarding its practical use, when the H-index value does not generate an analytically significant bias, results can be released, whilst when the value is associated with analyte variation in a range between analytically and clinically significant bias (i...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325826/myoclonic-absence-seizures-with-complex-gestural-automatisms
#6
Kenneth A Myers, Ingrid E Scheffer
Epilepsy with myoclonic absences is a rare generalized epilepsy syndrome with distinctive seizures. Two unrelated children had mild developmental impairment and onset of myoclonic-absences at 3 and 8 years. Seizures were characterized by bilateral 3 Hz myoclonic jerks superimposed on tonic abduction of the upper limbs. Events lasted 10-60 s, and complex gestural automatisms were often observed; in one case, a boy undid his seatbelt and attempted to exit a moving vehicle. Post-ictally, both children immediately regained awareness without recollection of their actions...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294765/victimized-for-being-different-young-adults-with-disabilities-and-peer-victimization-in-middle-and-high-school
#7
Caroline I McNicholas, Pamela Orpinas, Katherine Raczynski
Children who are victims of peer aggression can suffer negative emotional, academic and physical consequences that can last into adulthood. Previous research indicates children with disabilities are victimized up to 4 times as often as children without disabilities. However, their unique needs are often not considered in the design and implementation of prevention interventions. The current study examined the perceived effects of family, peer, and school support among children with disabilities to protect them from or help them cope with peer victimization...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289759/interpretation-bias-in-middle-childhood-attachment-causal-effects-on-attachment-memories-and-scripts
#8
Simon De Winter, Elske Salemink, Guy Bosmans
Attachment theory implies the causal influence of interpretation bias on the attachment-related expectations. Previous research demonstrated that training children to interpret maternal behavior as more supportive increased their trust in maternal support. The current study explored possible training effects on two attachment script-related processes: recollection of attachment-related memories and secure base script knowledge. Children (9-12 years old; N = 84) were assigned to either a secure training condition, training children to interpret mother's behavior as supportive, or a neutral placebo condition, where interpretations about maternal behavior were unrelated to support...
March 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169021/is-interference-control-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-similar-to-that-of-children-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder
#9
Klara Marton, Zsuzsanna Kovi, Tímea Egri
AIMS: The purpose of the study was to examine resistance to proactive interference, which is strongly associated with working memory (WM) performance and language processing, in children with specific language impairment (SLI), with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and with typical development (TD). METHODS: Sixty children (eight to ten years; matched in age and nonverbal IQ) participated in the study. Resistance to proactive interference was measured using a verbal conflict paradigm...
January 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162151/are-identities-oral-understanding-ethnobotanical-knowledge-after-irish-independence-1937-1939
#10
Fiona Shannon, Astrid Sasse, Helen Sheridan, Michael Heinrich
BACKGROUND: The Schools' Folklore Scheme (1937-1939) was implemented at a pivotal time in Irelands' political history. It resulted in a body of ethnological information that is unique in terms of when, why and how it was collected. This material consists of over 700,000 pages of information, including ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical traditions, reflecting an oral identity that spans generations and that in many cases was not documented in writing until the 1930s. The intention of this study is to highlight the importance of the Schools' Folklore Scheme and to demonstrate an ethnographic approach based on recollections of original participants of the scheme, to further understand the material in the collection and the impact it had on the participants...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157598/chinese-vietnamese-and-asian-indian-parents-perspectives-about-well-child-visits-a-qualitative-analysis
#11
Maya I Ragavan, Wendy Li, A Rani Elwy, John D Cowden, Megan Bair-Merritt
OBJECTIVES: Well-child visits are a critical component of pediatric health care; however, disparities in attendance and quality of care exist for Asian children. Limited research has explored Asian immigrant parents' perspectives about their well-child visit experience. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with Chinese, Vietnamese, and Asian Indian immigrant parents. Participants were recruited from community-based organizations in the Boston area. Interviews focused on parents' perceptions about well-child visits, including individual attitudes, social and cultural factors affecting their opinions, perceived behavioral control, and improving visits for Asian immigrant families...
November 20, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959917/a-qualitative-study-of-men-s-recollections-of-growing-up-with-father-absence-childhood-father-figures-and-family-resilience
#12
Leah East, Marie Hutchinson, Tamara Power, Debra Jackson
BACKGROUND: Families come in many forms and single parent women headed households are common with nurses being well positioned to provide support for these women and their children. For children growing up in lone parent households, the nature of family relationships and the availability of a social support network are important factors in reducing developmental risks. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore adult men's recollections of growing up in a father-absent home...
August 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830307/age-and-performance-related-differences-in-encoding-during-early-childhood-insights-from-event-related-potentials
#13
Fengji Geng, Kelsey Canada, Tracy Riggins
Previous studies have found that children show rapid and significant improvements in their ability to remember individual items and the contextual details that surround these items (i.e., episodic memory) during early childhood. Encoding processes have been suggested to contribute to the development of episodic memory; however, few studies have investigated encoding processes. The goal of the current study was to examine age- and performance-related effects on encoding in children between 4 and 8 years of age using event-related potentials (ERPs)...
April 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826376/nutrition-from-the-inside-out
#14
Dennis M Bier
Nearly 50 years ago, I set out to investigate the clinical problem of hypoglycemia in children with illnesses that limited their food intake. My goal was to gather accurate and precise measurable data. At the time, I wasn't interested in nutrition as a discipline defined in its more general or popular sense. To address the specific problem that interested me required development of entirely new methods based on stable, nonradioactive tracers that satisfied the conditions of accuracy and precision. At the time, I had no inclination of the various theoretical and practical problems that would have to be solved to achieve this goal...
August 21, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774228/effects-of-feedback-and-test-practice-on-recollection-and-retrieval-monitoring-comparing-first-graders-third-graders-and-adults
#15
Kara N Moore, James M Lampinen, David A Gallo, Ana J Bridges
We tested the effects of repeated testing and feedback on recollection accuracy in first graders, third graders, and adults. All participants studied a list of words and pictures, and then took three recollection tests, with each test probing different words and pictures from the earlier study phase. On the first and third tests no feedback was given, whereas on the second test, some subjects received item-level feedback throughout the recollection test. Recollection confusion scores declined across successive tests in all age groups...
April 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749228/-it-changed-everything-and-not-all-in-a-bad-way-reflections-of-pediatric-cancer-experiences
#16
Monica L Molinaro, Paula C Fletcher
Pediatric cancer, otherwise known as childhood cancer, is devastating to both children and their families. All individuals in a family are often physically, psychologically, and socially affected. Using the qualitative theoretical orientation of interpretive phenomenology, interviews were conducted with 10 pediatric cancer survivors and 9 of their support persons to gain a more holistic understanding of the pediatric cancer experiences of children and their families. A total of 4 themes emerged from the data, however only the past experiences of the survivors and their recollection of their pediatric journeys will be discussed...
September 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681149/young-children-s-physiological-reactivity-during-memory-recall-associations-with-posttraumatic-stress-and-parent-physiological-synchrony
#17
Sarah A O Gray, Rebecca S Lipschutz, Mike S Scheeringa
Autonomic reactivity is implicated in stress response and social engagement - both key components of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - but few studies have examined autonomic reactivity in pediatric samples, and no known studies have examined physiological synchrony among children with PTSD and caregivers. In a sample of 247 young children (94 girls, 153 boys), most (85%) of whom had exposure to trauma and 40% who met criteria for PTSD, we examined children's patterns of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) at baseline and in response to a memory recall task, as well as correspondence between parents' and children's RSA...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677331/age-related-differences-in-subjective-recollection-erp-studies-of-encoding-and-retrieval
#18
Leslie Rollins, Tracy Riggins
The ability to mentally re-experience past events improves significantly from childhood to young adulthood; however, the mechanisms underlying this ability remain poorly understood, partially because different tasks are used across the lifespan. This study was designed to address this gap by assessing the development of event-related potential (ERP) correlates associated with subjective indices of recollection. Children, adolescents, and adults performed Tulving's () remember/know paradigm while ERPs were recorded during memory encoding (Experiment 1) and retrieval (Experiment 2)...
July 4, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358537/eliminating-age-differences-in-children-s-and-adults-suggestibility-and-memory-conformity-effects
#19
Henry Otgaar, Mark L Howe, Nathalie Brackmann, Daniël H J van Helvoort
We examined whether typical developmental trends in suggestion-induced false memories (i.e., age-related decrease) could be changed. Using theoretical principles from the spontaneous false memory field, we adapted 2 often-used false memory procedures: misinformation (Experiment 1) and memory conformity (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, 7- to 9-year-old children (n = 33) and adults (n = 39) received stories containing associatively related details. They then listened to misinformation in the form of short narratives preserving the meaning of the story...
May 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340383/infant-helping-in-the-first-year-of-life-parents-recollection-of-infants-earliest-prosocial-behaviors
#20
Stuart I Hammond, Elizabeth Al-Jbouri, Victoria Edwards, Laura E Feltham
Prosocial behavior is widely thought to emerge early in the second year of life. This paper presents evidence that helping emerges early in the first year of life. Parents of 80 children asked to recollect the earliest instance of their child helping recalled help in two contexts: chores (e.g., cleaning up) and care and self-care (e.g., feeding and dressing). A subset of parents recalled helping even before eight months of age, most often in the context of self-care tasks. The presence of helping this early in the lifespan is situated in recent research, and its implications for current theories of early prosocial behavior are discussed...
May 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
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