Read by QxMD icon Read

Children's recollections

Henry Otgaar, Mark L Howe, Nathalie Brackmann, Daniël H J van Helvoort
We examined whether typical developmental trends in suggestion-induced false memories (i.e., age-related decrease) could be changed. Using theoretical principles from the spontaneous false memory field, we adapted 2 often-used false memory procedures: misinformation (Experiment 1) and memory conformity (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, 7- to 9-year-old children (n = 33) and adults (n = 39) received stories containing associatively related details. They then listened to misinformation in the form of short narratives preserving the meaning of the story...
March 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
Stuart I Hammond, Elizabeth Al-Jbouri, Victoria Edwards, Laura E Feltham
Prosocial behavior is widely thought to emerge early in the second year of life. This paper presents evidence that helping emerges early in the first year of life. Parents of 80 children asked to recollect the earliest instance of their child helping recalled help in two contexts: chores (e.g., cleaning up) and care and self-care (e.g., feeding and dressing). A subset of parents recalled helping even before eight months of age, most often in the context of self-care tasks. The presence of helping this early in the lifespan is situated in recent research, and its implications for current theories of early prosocial behavior are discussed...
March 21, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
Gema Martin-Ordas, Cristina M Atance, Julian Caza
Episodic memory has been tested in non-human animals using depletion paradigms that assess recollection for the "what", "where" and "when" (i.e., how long ago). This paradigm has not been used with human children, yet doing so would provide another means to explore their episodic memory development. Using a depletion paradigm, preschool-aged children were presented in two trials with a preferred food that was only edible after a short interval and a less-preferred food that was edible after the short and long intervals...
February 16, 2017: Memory
Kara N Moore, James M Lampinen, David A Gallo, Eryn J Adams, Ana J Bridges
This is the first reported study of children's use of two metacognitive strategies, recollection rejection and diagnostic monitoring, to reject misinformation. Recollection rejection involves the retrieval of details that disqualify an event, whereas diagnostic monitoring involves the failure to retrieve expected details. First (n = 56, age 7 years) and third graders (n = 52, age 9 years) witnessed a staged classroom interaction involving common and bizarre accidents, were presented with misinformation about the source of these events, and took a memory test...
February 15, 2017: Child Development
Aguilar-Díaz Fatima Del Carmen, de la Fuente-Hernández Javier, Cintra-Viveiro Cristina Aline
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess urine fluoride concentration, nutritional status, and dental fluorosis in adolescent students living in the rural areas of Guanajuato, Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted including participants aged 11-20 years. The presence and severity of dental fluorosis was registered according to the Thylstrup and Fejerskov index (TFI) criteria. Anthropometric measures were also recorded. Urine sample of the first morning spot was recollected to assess urine fluoride concentration by using the potentiometric method with an ion-selective electrode...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Maria Björk, Annelie J Sundler, Inger Hallström, Kina Hammarlund
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to illuminate parents' lived experiences of losing a child to cancer. METHOD: Interviews and a narrative about parents' experiences of losing a child to cancer were gathered from six parents of children whom had participated in a longitudinal study across the child's illness trajectory. The analysis of the data was inspired by van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological approach. RESULTS: One essential theme emerged: Like being covered in a wet and dark blanket, as well as six related themes: Feeling conflicting emotions, Preparing for the moment of death, Continuing parenting after death, Recollecting and sharing memories, Working through the sorrow and New perspectives in life...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Georg Halbeisen, Eva Walther, Michael Schneider
Many attitudes are acquired in early childhood. However, due to a lack of experimental research, little is known about the processes of how they are acquired. Two experiments were therefore conducted with 153 German kindergarten children aged 3-6 years that provide first evidence for childhood attitude formation in terms of evaluative conditioning. Specifically, it was found that children preferred novel stimuli previously paired with liked stimuli over novel stimuli previously paired with disliked stimuli...
October 31, 2016: Child Development
Samantha A Ramsay, Marissa Rudley, Luke E Tonnemaker, William J Price
OBJECTIVES: Fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) is below recommendations and fruit and vegetable liking (FVL) is associated with intake. Greater understanding of college student FVL and FVI is needed; therefore, the study objectives were to compare reported FVL and frequency of FVI in adulthood to recollection of FVL and frequency of fruit and vegetable offering (FVO) in childhood and identify factors related to FVL and FVI in college students. METHODS: A retrospective survey was administered via e-mail to randomly selected college students (18-25 years) from 2 Northwestern universities (n = 676)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Katie S Dawson, Richard A Bryant
This study investigated the recollections of child survivors of the 2004 Asian tsunami in terms of their vantage point and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) responses. Five years after the tsunami, 110 children (aged 7-13 years) living in Aceh, Indonesia were assessed for source of memories of the tsunami (personal memory or second-hand source), vantage point of the memory, and were administered the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale-13. Fifty-three children (48%) met criteria for PTSD. Two-thirds of children reported direct memories of the tsunami and one-third reported having memories based on reports from other people...
2016: PloS One
Siyun Peng, J Jill Suitor, Megan Gilligan
OBJECTIVES: In this article, we draw from classic theories of social psychology and the life course to compare the effects of current and recalled perceived maternal differential treatment (MDT) on the depressive symptoms of adult children in midlife. METHOD: To address this question, we used data collected from 746 adult children nested within 293 later-life families as part of the Within-Family Differences Study. RESULTS: Multilevel regression revealed that both recollections of maternal differentiation from childhood and perceptions of mothers' current disfavoritism regarding conflict predicted depressive symptoms, whereas perceptions of current favoritism regarding emotional closeness did not...
August 19, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Jeff Aston, Natasha Patel, Justin Smuels, Teena Aujla, Georgia Malesi, Chi Huynh, Keith Wilson, David Terry
AIM: To identify what medicines related information children/young people or their parents/carers are able to recall following an out-patient clinic appointment. METHOD: A convenience sample of patients' prescribed at least one new long-term (>6 weeks) medicine were recruited from a single UK paediatric hospital out-patient pharmacy.A face-to-face semi-structured questionnaire was administered to participants when they presented with their prescription. The questionnaire included the following themes: names of the medicines, therapeutic indication, dose regimen, duration of treatment and adverse effects...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Shira Diamond, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
The complexity of children's entrance into mental health treatment has been the growing focus of much recent research. However, little attention has been given to the exploration of this phenomenon from the clients' point of view. This study aimed to gain understanding of the experience of entering therapy as a child through examination of the recollections of adult former clients who had participated as children in expressive arts group therapy (EAGT). Semi-structured open-ended interviews were conducted with 20 adult former child therapy clients who had participated in EAGT for at least 1year...
January 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Olivier Boucher, Christine Chouinard-Leclaire, Gina Muckle, Alissa Westerlund, Matthew J Burden, Sandra W Jacobson, Joseph L Jacobson
Recognition memory for concrete, nameable pictures is typically faster and more accurate than for abstract pictures. A dual-coding account for these findings suggests that concrete pictures are processed into verbal and image codes, whereas abstract pictures are encoded in image codes only. Recognition memory relies on two successive and distinct processes, namely familiarity and recollection. Whether these two processes are similarly or differently affected by stimulus concreteness remains unknown. This study examined the effect of picture concreteness on visual recognition memory processes using event-related potentials (ERPs)...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Holly Etchegary, Stuart G Nicholls, Laure Tessier, Charlene Simmonds, Beth K Potter, Jamie C Brehaut, Daryl Pullman, Robyn Hayeems, Sari Zelenietz, Monica Lamoureux, Jennifer Milburn, Lesley Turner, Pranesh Chakraborty, Brenda Wilson
Consent processes for newborn bloodspot screening (NBS) are variable, with a lack of descriptive research that depicts how the offer of NBS is made to parents. We explored the experience, in practice, of consent for NBS. Semistructured interviews in two Canadian provinces were held with: (1) parents of children offered NBS (n=32); and (2) health-care professionals involved in the NBS process (n=19). Data on recollections of NBS, including consent processes, were utilized to identify emerging themes using the method of constant comparison...
November 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Francesco Ianì, Ilaria Cutica, Monica Bucciarelli
The deep comprehension of a text is tantamount to the construction of an articulated mental model of that text. The number of correct recollections is an index of a learner's mental model of a text. We assume that another index of comprehension is the timing of the gestures produced during text recall; gestures are simultaneous with speech when the learner has built an articulated mental model of the text, whereas they anticipate the speech when the learner has built a less articulated mental model. The results of four experiments confirm the predictions deriving from our assumptions for both children and adults...
June 8, 2016: Cognitive Science
Marjorie Solomon, James B McCauley, Ana-Maria Iosif, Cameron S Carter, J Daniel Ragland
INTRODUCTION: To further investigate manifestations of episodic memory impairments in adolescents, we examined the role of encoding on recognition of stimuli in conditions designed to emphasize their item-specific versus relational characteristics in a group of 12-18 year olds with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We also examined how strategic learning and memory processes, verbal abilities, attention, and age were associated with recognition in this group. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Twenty two high functioning adolescents with ASD (mean age=15 years; SD=1...
August 2016: Neuropsychologia
Lisa I Iezzoni, Amy J Wint, Karen A Kuhlthau, Alexy Arauz Boudreau
BACKGROUND: Caregiving roles of children <18 years of age living with parents with health conditions or disability have been studied extensively abroad, but little U.S. research has examined the caregiving activities and perceptions of children with parents with significant physical disability. OBJECTIVE: To examine children's caregiving activities for their disabled parent, childhood perceptions of these activities, and adult views of this caregiving. METHODS: We conducted 1-h, semi-structured, open-ended interviews with 20 persons age ≥21 years who as children (age < 18 years) had a parent with significant mobility disability...
April 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Tashauna L Blankenship, Meagan O'Neill, Alleyne Ross, Martha Ann Bell
The contributions of working memory and recollection to academic achievement are typically examined separately and most often with children who have learning difficulties. This study is the first to observe both types of memory in the same study and in typically developing children. Academic achievement focused on standardized assessments of math fluency, calculation, reading fluency, and passage comprehension. As noted in previous studies, working memory was associated with each assessed measure of academic achievement...
October 1, 2015: Learning and Individual Differences
Edward J Alessi, Sarilee Kahn, Sangeeta Chatterji
Numerous studies demonstrate that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) children and youth are likely to experience abuse by peers, parents, and other adults and that these experiences correlate with a host of mental health problems. However, there is little understanding of the experiences of LGBT children and youth living in countries where social and legal protections for sexual and gender minorities are limited or nonexistent. This qualitative study used thematic analysis to explore the child and adolescent abuse experiences and their impact on the pre-migration mental health of LGBT forced migrants...
January 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Chirag M Raiyani, Ruchi Arora, Deepak P Bhayya, Subha Dogra, Abhinandan A Katageri, Vikram Singh
PURPOSE: The purpose of vitro study was to assessment of the bacterial contamination on daily twice-used toothbrushes in different conditions after 1-month and 3 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty children aged between 6 and 12 years were selected for this study. Toothbrushes and toothpaste were distributed among those children. Among those children, 20 children brushed their teeth for 1-month and 20 brushed their teeth for 3 months twice a day. Among those, 10 were kept in same brush box with a family member and 10 were kept in separate brush box after the use...
August 2015: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"