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Children's recollections

Katie S Dawson, Richard A Bryant
This study investigated the recollections of child survivors of the 2004 Asian tsunami in terms of their vantage point and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) responses. Five years after the tsunami, 110 children (aged 7-13 years) living in Aceh, Indonesia were assessed for source of memories of the tsunami (personal memory or second-hand source), vantage point of the memory, and were administered the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale-13. Fifty-three children (48%) met criteria for PTSD. Two-thirds of children reported direct memories of the tsunami and one-third reported having memories based on reports from other people...
2016: PloS One
Siyun Peng, J Jill Suitor, Megan Gilligan
OBJECTIVES: In this article, we draw from classic theories of social psychology and the life course to compare the effects of current and recalled perceived maternal differential treatment (MDT) on the depressive symptoms of adult children in midlife. METHOD: To address this question, we used data collected from 746 adult children nested within 293 later-life families as part of the Within-Family Differences Study. RESULTS: Multilevel regression revealed that both recollections of maternal differentiation from childhood and perceptions of mothers' current disfavoritism regarding conflict predicted depressive symptoms, whereas perceptions of current favoritism regarding emotional closeness did not...
August 19, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Jeff Aston, Natasha Patel, Justin Smuels, Teena Aujla, Georgia Malesi, Chi Huynh, Keith Wilson, David Terry
AIM: To identify what medicines related information children/young people or their parents/carers are able to recall following an out-patient clinic appointment. METHOD: A convenience sample of patients' prescribed at least one new long-term (>6 weeks) medicine were recruited from a single UK paediatric hospital out-patient pharmacy.A face-to-face semi-structured questionnaire was administered to participants when they presented with their prescription. The questionnaire included the following themes: names of the medicines, therapeutic indication, dose regimen, duration of treatment and adverse effects...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Shira Diamond, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
The complexity of children's entrance into mental health treatment has been the growing focus of much recent research. However, little attention has been given to the exploration of this phenomenon from the clients' point of view. This study aimed to gain understanding of the experience of entering therapy as a child through examination of the recollections of adult former clients who had participated as children in expressive arts group therapy (EAGT). Semi-structured open-ended interviews were conducted with 20 adult former child therapy clients who had participated in EAGT for at least 1year...
June 28, 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Olivier Boucher, Christine Chouinard-Leclaire, Gina Muckle, Alissa Westerlund, Matthew J Burden, Sandra W Jacobson, Joseph L Jacobson
Recognition memory for concrete, nameable pictures is typically faster and more accurate than for abstract pictures. A dual-coding account for these findings suggests that concrete pictures are processed into verbal and image codes, whereas abstract pictures are encoded in image codes only. Recognition memory relies on two successive and distinct processes, namely familiarity and recollection. Whether these two processes are similarly or differently affected by stimulus concreteness remains unknown. This study examined the effect of picture concreteness on visual recognition memory processes using event-related potentials (ERPs)...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Holly Etchegary, Stuart G Nicholls, Laure Tessier, Charlene Simmonds, Beth K Potter, Jamie C Brehaut, Daryl Pullman, Robyn Hayeems, Sari Zelenietz, Monica Lamoureux, Jennifer Milburn, Lesley Turner, Pranesh Chakraborty, Brenda Wilson
Consent processes for newborn bloodspot screening (NBS) are variable, with a lack of descriptive research that depicts how the offer of NBS is made to parents. We explored the experience, in practice, of consent for NBS. Semistructured interviews in two Canadian provinces were held with: (1) parents of children offered NBS (n=32); and (2) health-care professionals involved in the NBS process (n=19). Data on recollections of NBS, including consent processes, were utilized to identify emerging themes using the method of constant comparison...
June 15, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Francesco Ianì, Ilaria Cutica, Monica Bucciarelli
The deep comprehension of a text is tantamount to the construction of an articulated mental model of that text. The number of correct recollections is an index of a learner's mental model of a text. We assume that another index of comprehension is the timing of the gestures produced during text recall; gestures are simultaneous with speech when the learner has built an articulated mental model of the text, whereas they anticipate the speech when the learner has built a less articulated mental model. The results of four experiments confirm the predictions deriving from our assumptions for both children and adults...
June 8, 2016: Cognitive Science
Marjorie Solomon, James B McCauley, Ana-Maria Iosif, Cameron S Carter, J Daniel Ragland
INTRODUCTION: To further investigate manifestations of episodic memory impairments in adolescents, we examined the role of encoding on recognition of stimuli in conditions designed to emphasize their item-specific versus relational characteristics in a group of 12-18 year olds with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We also examined how strategic learning and memory processes, verbal abilities, attention, and age were associated with recognition in this group. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Twenty two high functioning adolescents with ASD (mean age=15 years; SD=1...
August 2016: Neuropsychologia
Lisa I Iezzoni, Amy J Wint, Karen A Kuhlthau, Alexy Arauz Boudreau
BACKGROUND: Caregiving roles of children <18 years of age living with parents with health conditions or disability have been studied extensively abroad, but little U.S. research has examined the caregiving activities and perceptions of children with parents with significant physical disability. OBJECTIVE: To examine children's caregiving activities for their disabled parent, childhood perceptions of these activities, and adult views of this caregiving. METHODS: We conducted 1-h, semi-structured, open-ended interviews with 20 persons age ≥21 years who as children (age < 18 years) had a parent with significant mobility disability...
April 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Tashauna L Blankenship, Meagan O'Neill, Alleyne Ross, Martha Ann Bell
The contributions of working memory and recollection to academic achievement are typically examined separately and most often with children who have learning difficulties. This study is the first to observe both types of memory in the same study and in typically developing children. Academic achievement focused on standardized assessments of math fluency, calculation, reading fluency, and passage comprehension. As noted in previous studies, working memory was associated with each assessed measure of academic achievement...
October 1, 2015: Learning and Individual Differences
Edward J Alessi, Sarilee Kahn, Sangeeta Chatterji
Numerous studies demonstrate that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) children and youth are likely to experience abuse by peers, parents, and other adults and that these experiences correlate with a host of mental health problems. However, there is little understanding of the experiences of LGBT children and youth living in countries where social and legal protections for sexual and gender minorities are limited or nonexistent. This qualitative study used thematic analysis to explore the child and adolescent abuse experiences and their impact on the pre-migration mental health of LGBT forced migrants...
January 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Chirag M Raiyani, Ruchi Arora, Deepak P Bhayya, Subha Dogra, Abhinandan A Katageri, Vikram Singh
PURPOSE: The purpose of vitro study was to assessment of the bacterial contamination on daily twice-used toothbrushes in different conditions after 1-month and 3 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty children aged between 6 and 12 years were selected for this study. Toothbrushes and toothpaste were distributed among those children. Among those children, 20 children brushed their teeth for 1-month and 20 brushed their teeth for 3 months twice a day. Among those, 10 were kept in same brush box with a family member and 10 were kept in separate brush box after the use...
August 2015: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Susan L Gabel, Kathy Kotel
Using birth stories as our object of inquiry, this article examines the ways in which normative discourses about gender, disability and Down syndrome construct the birth stories of three mothers of children with Down syndrome. Their stories are composed of the mothers' recollections of the first hours after birth as a time when their infants are separated from them and their postpartum needs are ignored. Together, their stories illustrate socio-cultural tropes that position Down syndrome as a dangerous form of the "other" and mothers who give birth to children with Down syndrome as implicated in transgressing cultural norms...
November 25, 2015: Journal of Medical Humanities
Nicole B Perry, Alyson Cavanaugh, Angel Dunbar, Esther M Leerkes
The current study tested whether young adult's recollected reports of their mother's punitive reactions to their negative emotions in childhood predicted anger expression in young adulthood and whether emotional closeness weakens this association. Further, a three-way interaction was tested to examine whether emotional closeness is a stronger protective factor for young women than for young men. Results revealed a significant three-way interaction (gender X emotional closeness X maternal punitive reactions)...
2015: Marriage & Family Review
R C H Habibe, A O L Ortega, R O Guaré, M B Diniz, M T B R Santos
AIM: This was to assess and compare risk factors for traumatic dental injury (TDI) among children/adolescents with and without autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHODS: The study consisted of 122 children and adolescents (98 males, 24 females), 61 with ASD (study group) and 61 without ASD (control group, CG). Dental injuries were determined according to Andreaseńss classification. The cause, location and type of activity at the time of trauma were recorded from patient/carer recollection...
April 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Erin P Hambrick, Bridget M O'Connor, Eric M Vernberg
Research suggests that some types of trauma research can be conducted safely with children ages 10 and older. The aim of this project was to learn more about potential risks or benefits of conducting research with younger children and with child disaster survivors, specifically about research that includes children providing trauma recollections. Fifty 8- to 12-year-old children who experienced a devastating tornado participated in an in-person interview that included both individual and joint (mother-child) recollections of their tornado experiences 1 year after exposure...
March 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Aline Gauchat, Jean R Séguin, Esther McSween-Cadieux, Antonio Zadra
Studies on children's recurrent dreams have been largely anecdotal and based on adults' recollections of dreams experienced during childhood. We collected 102 reports of recurrent dreams from a sample of young adolescents aged between 11 and 15years and scored the narratives using a range of content measures, including in relation to the threat simulation theory (TST) of dreaming. The most frequently reported themes involved confrontations with monsters or animals, followed by physical aggressions, falling and being chased...
December 2015: Consciousness and Cognition
Stephanie P Kowal, Cynthia G Jardine, Tania M Bubela
OBJECTIVE: To understand information-gathering and decision-making processes of immigrant mothers for scheduled childhood vaccines, vaccination during pregnancy, seasonal flu and pandemic vaccination. METHODS: We conducted 23 qualitative semi-structured interviews with immigrated mothers from Bhutanese refugee, South Asian and Chinese communities. Participants lived in Edmonton, Alberta and had at least one child under eight years old. Using NVivo qualitative software, we generated an inductive coding scheme through content analysis of interview transcripts...
May 2015: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Rubi Hammer, Jim Kloet, James R Booth
As children start attending school they are more likely to face situations where they have to autonomously learn about novel object categories (e.g. by reading a picture book with descriptions of novel animals). Such autonomous observational category learning (OCL) gradually complements interactive feedback-based category learning (FBCL), where a child hypothesizes about the nature of a novel object, acts based on his prediction, and then receives feedback indicating the correctness of his prediction. Here we tested OCL and FBCL skills of elementary school children and adults...
August 11, 2015: Developmental Science
Lisa M Jonkman, Petra P Hurks, Tamara M J Schleepen
Evidence for memory problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is accumulating. Attempting to counter such problems, in the present study children with ADHD aged 8-12 years underwent a six-week metacognitive memory strategy training (MST) or one of two other active trainings, either a metacognitive attention-perceptual-motor training (APM) or placebo training consisting of playing board games (PLA). Effects of the training on episodic memory and underlying brain processes were investigated by comparing performance and event-related brain potentials (ERPs) on pre- and post-training sessions in an old/new recognition task between the three training groups...
October 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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