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Children's recollections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774228/effects-of-feedback-and-test-practice-on-recollection-and-retrieval-monitoring-comparing-first-graders-third-graders-and-adults
#1
Kara N Moore, James M Lampinen, David A Gallo, Ana J Bridges
We tested the effects of repeated testing and feedback on recollection accuracy in first graders, third graders, and adults. All participants studied a list of words and pictures, and then took three recollection tests, with each test probing different words and pictures from the earlier study phase. On the first and third tests no feedback was given, whereas on the second test, some subjects received item-level feedback throughout the recollection test. Recollection confusion scores declined across successive tests in all age groups...
August 4, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749228/-it-changed-everything-and-not-all-in-a-bad-way-reflections-of-pediatric-cancer-experiences
#2
Monica L Molinaro, Paula C Fletcher
Pediatric cancer, otherwise known as childhood cancer, is devastating to both children and their families. All individuals in a family are often physically, psychologically, and socially affected. Using the qualitative theoretical orientation of interpretive phenomenology, interviews were conducted with 10 pediatric cancer survivors and 9 of their support persons to gain a more holistic understanding of the pediatric cancer experiences of children and their families. A total of 4 themes emerged from the data, however only the past experiences of the survivors and their recollection of their pediatric journeys will be discussed...
September 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681149/young-children-s-physiological-reactivity-during-memory-recall-associations-with-posttraumatic-stress-and-parent-physiological-synchrony
#3
Sarah A O Gray, Rebecca S Lipschutz, Mike S Scheeringa
Autonomic reactivity is implicated in stress response and social engagement - both key components of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - but few studies have examined autonomic reactivity in pediatric samples, and no known studies have examined physiological synchrony among children with PTSD and caregivers. In a sample of 247 young children (94 girls, 153 boys), most (85%) of whom had exposure to trauma and 40% who met criteria for PTSD, we examined children's patterns of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) at baseline and in response to a memory recall task, as well as correspondence between parents' and children's RSA...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677331/age-related-differences-in-subjective-recollection-erp-studies-of-encoding-and-retrieval
#4
Leslie Rollins, Tracy Riggins
The ability to mentally re-experience past events improves significantly from childhood to young adulthood; however, the mechanisms underlying this ability remain poorly understood, partially because different tasks are used across the lifespan. This study was designed to address this gap by assessing the development of event-related potential (ERP) correlates associated with subjective indices of recollection. Children, adolescents, and adults performed Tulving's () remember/know paradigm while ERPs were recorded during memory encoding (Experiment 1) and retrieval (Experiment 2)...
July 4, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358537/eliminating-age-differences-in-children-s-and-adults-suggestibility-and-memory-conformity-effects
#5
Henry Otgaar, Mark L Howe, Nathalie Brackmann, Daniël H J van Helvoort
We examined whether typical developmental trends in suggestion-induced false memories (i.e., age-related decrease) could be changed. Using theoretical principles from the spontaneous false memory field, we adapted 2 often-used false memory procedures: misinformation (Experiment 1) and memory conformity (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, 7- to 9-year-old children (n = 33) and adults (n = 39) received stories containing associatively related details. They then listened to misinformation in the form of short narratives preserving the meaning of the story...
March 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340383/infant-helping-in-the-first-year-of-life-parents-recollection-of-infants-earliest-prosocial-behaviors
#6
Stuart I Hammond, Elizabeth Al-Jbouri, Victoria Edwards, Laura E Feltham
Prosocial behavior is widely thought to emerge early in the second year of life. This paper presents evidence that helping emerges early in the first year of life. Parents of 80 children asked to recollect the earliest instance of their child helping recalled help in two contexts: chores (e.g., cleaning up) and care and self-care (e.g., feeding and dressing). A subset of parents recalled helping even before eight months of age, most often in the context of self-care tasks. The presence of helping this early in the lifespan is situated in recent research, and its implications for current theories of early prosocial behavior are discussed...
May 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276982/did-the-popsicle-melt-preschoolers-performance-in-an-episodic-like-memory-task
#7
Gema Martin-Ordas, Cristina M Atance, Julian Caza
Episodic memory has been tested in non-human animals using depletion paradigms that assess recollection for the "what", "where" and "when" (i.e., how long ago). This paradigm has not been used with human children, yet doing so would provide another means to explore their episodic memory development. Using a depletion paradigm, preschool-aged children were presented in two trials with a preferred food that was only edible after a short interval and a less-preferred food that was edible after the short and long intervals...
February 16, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197997/children-s-use-of-memory-editing-strategies-to-reject-source-misinformation
#8
Kara N Moore, James M Lampinen, David A Gallo, Eryn J Adams, Ana J Bridges
This is the first reported study of children's use of two metacognitive strategies, recollection rejection and diagnostic monitoring, to reject misinformation. Recollection rejection involves the retrieval of details that disqualify an event, whereas diagnostic monitoring involves the failure to retrieve expected details. First (n = 56, age 7 years) and third graders (n = 52, age 9 years) witnessed a staged classroom interaction involving common and bizarre accidents, were presented with misinformation about the source of these events, and took a memory test...
February 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032042/dental-fluorosis-fluoride-in-urine-and-nutritional-status-in-adolescent-students-living-in-the-rural-areas-of-guanajuato-mexico
#9
Aguilar-Díaz Fatima Del Carmen, de la Fuente-Hernández Javier, Cintra-Viveiro Cristina Aline
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess urine fluoride concentration, nutritional status, and dental fluorosis in adolescent students living in the rural areas of Guanajuato, Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted including participants aged 11-20 years. The presence and severity of dental fluorosis was registered according to the Thylstrup and Fejerskov index (TFI) criteria. Anthropometric measures were also recorded. Urine sample of the first morning spot was recollected to assess urine fluoride concentration by using the potentiometric method with an ion-selective electrode...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865251/like-being-covered-in-a-wet-and-dark-blanket-parents-lived-experiences-of-losing-a-child-to-cancer
#10
Maria Björk, Annelie J Sundler, Inger Hallström, Kina Hammarlund
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to illuminate parents' lived experiences of losing a child to cancer. METHOD: Interviews and a narrative about parents' experiences of losing a child to cancer were gathered from six parents of children whom had participated in a longitudinal study across the child's illness trajectory. The analysis of the data was inspired by van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological approach. RESULTS: One essential theme emerged: Like being covered in a wet and dark blanket, as well as six related themes: Feeling conflicting emotions, Preparing for the moment of death, Continuing parenting after death, Recollecting and sharing memories, Working through the sorrow and New perspectives in life...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797098/evaluative-conditioning-and-the-development-of-attitudes-in-early-childhood
#11
Georg Halbeisen, Eva Walther, Michael Schneider
Many attitudes are acquired in early childhood. However, due to a lack of experimental research, little is known about the processes of how they are acquired. Two experiments were therefore conducted with 153 German kindergarten children aged 3-6 years that provide first evidence for childhood attitude formation in terms of evaluative conditioning. Specifically, it was found that children preferred novel stimuli previously paired with liked stimuli over novel stimuli previously paired with disliked stimuli...
October 31, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782789/a-comparison-of-college-students-reported-fruit-and-vegetable-liking-and-intake-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#12
Samantha A Ramsay, Marissa Rudley, Luke E Tonnemaker, William J Price
OBJECTIVES: Fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) is below recommendations and fruit and vegetable liking (FVL) is associated with intake. Greater understanding of college student FVL and FVI is needed; therefore, the study objectives were to compare reported FVL and frequency of FVI in adulthood to recollection of FVL and frequency of fruit and vegetable offering (FVO) in childhood and identify factors related to FVL and FVI in college students. METHODS: A retrospective survey was administered via e-mail to randomly selected college students (18-25 years) from 2 Northwestern universities (n = 676)...
January 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649299/children-s-vantage-point-of-recalling-traumatic-events
#13
Katie S Dawson, Richard A Bryant
This study investigated the recollections of child survivors of the 2004 Asian tsunami in terms of their vantage point and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) responses. Five years after the tsunami, 110 children (aged 7-13 years) living in Aceh, Indonesia were assessed for source of memories of the tsunami (personal memory or second-hand source), vantage point of the memory, and were administered the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale-13. Fifty-three children (48%) met criteria for PTSD. Two-thirds of children reported direct memories of the tsunami and one-third reported having memories based on reports from other people...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543080/the-long-arm-of-maternal-differential-treatment-effects-of-recalled-and-current-favoritism-on-adult-children-s-psychological-well-being
#14
Siyun Peng, J Jill Suitor, Megan Gilligan
OBJECTIVES: In this article, we draw from classic theories of social psychology and the life course to compare the effects of current and recalled perceived maternal differential treatment (MDT) on the depressive symptoms of adult children in midlife. METHOD: To address this question, we used data collected from 746 adult children nested within 293 later-life families as part of the Within-Family Differences Study. RESULTS: Multilevel regression revealed that both recollections of maternal differentiation from childhood and perceptions of mothers' current disfavoritism regarding conflict predicted depressive symptoms, whereas perceptions of current favoritism regarding emotional closeness did not...
August 19, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540235/patient-carers-recollection-of-medicines-related-information-from-an-out-patient-clinic-appointment
#15
Jeff Aston, Natasha Patel, Justin Smuels, Teena Aujla, Georgia Malesi, Chi Huynh, Keith Wilson, David Terry
AIM: To identify what medicines related information children/young people or their parents/carers are able to recall following an out-patient clinic appointment. METHOD: A convenience sample of patients' prescribed at least one new long-term (>6 weeks) medicine were recruited from a single UK paediatric hospital out-patient pharmacy.A face-to-face semi-structured questionnaire was administered to participants when they presented with their prescription. The questionnaire included the following themes: names of the medicines, therapeutic indication, dose regimen, duration of treatment and adverse effects...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358271/the-title-therapy-and-what-do-you-do-with-it-as-a-child-recollections-of-being-in-child-expressive-arts-group-therapy
#16
Shira Diamond, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
The complexity of children's entrance into mental health treatment has been the growing focus of much recent research. However, little attention has been given to the exploration of this phenomenon from the clients' point of view. This study aimed to gain understanding of the experience of entering therapy as a child through examination of the recollections of adult former clients who had participated as children in expressive arts group therapy (EAGT). Semi-structured open-ended interviews were conducted with 20 adult former child therapy clients who had participated in EAGT for at least 1year...
January 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329352/an-erp-study-of-recognition-memory-for-concrete-and-abstract-pictures-in-school-aged-children
#17
Olivier Boucher, Christine Chouinard-Leclaire, Gina Muckle, Alissa Westerlund, Matthew J Burden, Sandra W Jacobson, Joseph L Jacobson
Recognition memory for concrete, nameable pictures is typically faster and more accurate than for abstract pictures. A dual-coding account for these findings suggests that concrete pictures are processed into verbal and image codes, whereas abstract pictures are encoded in image codes only. Recognition memory relies on two successive and distinct processes, namely familiarity and recollection. Whether these two processes are similarly or differently affected by stimulus concreteness remains unknown. This study examined the effect of picture concreteness on visual recognition memory processes using event-related potentials (ERPs)...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302842/consent-for-newborn-screening-parents-and-health-care-professionals-experiences-of-consent-in-practice
#18
Holly Etchegary, Stuart G Nicholls, Laure Tessier, Charlene Simmonds, Beth K Potter, Jamie C Brehaut, Daryl Pullman, Robyn Hayeems, Sari Zelenietz, Monica Lamoureux, Jennifer Milburn, Lesley Turner, Pranesh Chakraborty, Brenda Wilson
Consent processes for newborn bloodspot screening (NBS) are variable, with a lack of descriptive research that depicts how the offer of NBS is made to parents. We explored the experience, in practice, of consent for NBS. Semistructured interviews in two Canadian provinces were held with: (1) parents of children offered NBS (n=32); and (2) health-care professionals involved in the NBS process (n=19). Data on recollections of NBS, including consent processes, were utilized to identify emerging themes using the method of constant comparison...
November 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277551/timing-of-gestures-gestures-anticipating-or-simultaneous-with-speech-as-indexes-of-text-comprehension-in-children-and-adults
#19
Francesco Ianì, Ilaria Cutica, Monica Bucciarelli
The deep comprehension of a text is tantamount to the construction of an articulated mental model of that text. The number of correct recollections is an index of a learner's mental model of a text. We assume that another index of comprehension is the timing of the gestures produced during text recall; gestures are simultaneous with speech when the learner has built an articulated mental model of the text, whereas they anticipate the speech when the learner has built a less articulated mental model. The results of four experiments confirm the predictions deriving from our assumptions for both children and adults...
June 8, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184119/cognitive-control-and-episodic-memory-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Marjorie Solomon, James B McCauley, Ana-Maria Iosif, Cameron S Carter, J Daniel Ragland
INTRODUCTION: To further investigate manifestations of episodic memory impairments in adolescents, we examined the role of encoding on recognition of stimuli in conditions designed to emphasize their item-specific versus relational characteristics in a group of 12-18 year olds with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We also examined how strategic learning and memory processes, verbal abilities, attention, and age were associated with recognition in this group. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Twenty two high functioning adolescents with ASD (mean age=15 years; SD=1...
August 2016: Neuropsychologia
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