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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448561/persistence-and-innovation-effects-in-genetic-and-environmental-factors-in-negative-emotionality-during-infancy-a-twin-study
#1
Lyndall Schumann, Michel Boivin, Stéphane Paquin, Eric Lacourse, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Ginette Dionne, Richard E Tremblay, Linda Booij
BACKGROUND: Difficult temperament in infancy is a risk factor for forms of later internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, including depression and anxiety. A better understanding of the roots of difficult temperament requires assessment of its early development with a genetically informative design. The goal of this study was to estimate genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in infant negative emotionality, their persistence over time and their influences on stability between 5 and 18 months of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448373/effects-of-parental-stress-optimism-and-health-promoting-behaviors-on-the-quality-of-life-of-primiparous-and-multiparous-mothers
#2
Jennifer Loh, Craig Harms, Bronwyn Harman
BACKGROUND: Parental stress, optimism, and health-promoting behaviors (HPBs) are important predictors of the quality of life (QoL) of mothers. However, it is unclear how strongly these predictors affect the QoL of mothers. It is also unclear if the impact of these predictors on QoL differs between primiparous and multiparous mothers. In this study, we defined primiparous as "bearing young for the first time" and multiparous as "having experienced one or more previous childbirths." OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this study was to examine the relative effect of parental stress, optimism, and HPBs on the QoL of mothers...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447406/the-prenatal-gut-microbiome-are-we-colonized-with-bacteria-in-utero
#3
REVIEW
R W Walker, J C Clemente, I Peter, R J F Loos
The colonization of the gut with microbes in early life is critical to the developing newborn immune system, metabolic function and potentially future health. Maternal microbes are transmitted to offspring during childbirth, representing a key step in the colonization of the infant gut. Studies of infant meconium suggest that bacteria are present in the foetal gut prior to birth, meaning that colonization could occur prenatally. Animal studies have shown that prenatal transmission of microbes to the foetus is possible, and physiological changes observed in pregnant mothers indicate that in utero transfer is likely in humans as well...
April 26, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447243/the-longitudinal-association-of-relationship-quality-and-reoffending-among-first-time-juvenile-offenders-and-their-mothers
#4
Caitlin Cavanagh, Elizabeth Cauffman
To understand how youth desist from crime after their first arrest, it is necessary to investigate their primary support system: their parents. As such, this study examined the reciprocal effects of justice system contact on the mother-child dyad. Interviews with 317 mothers and their sons from Orange County, CA, Jefferson Parish, LA, and Philadelphia, PA were conducted semiannually over two and a half years. At the beginning of the study, the sons were first-time offenders aged 13-17 and mostly non-White (i...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443524/risk-factors-for-prelacteal-feeding-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-multilevel-analysis-of-population-data-from-twenty-two-countries
#5
Anselm S Berde, Hilal Ozcebe
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk factors of prelacteal feeding (PLF) among mothers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). DESIGN: We pooled data from Demographic and Health Surveys in twenty-two SSA countries. The key outcome variable was PLF. A multilevel logistic regression model was used to explore factors associated with PLF. SETTING: Demographic and Health Surveys in twenty-two SSA countries. SUBJECTS: Mother-baby pairs (n 95348)...
April 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443038/mother-infant-and-extra-dyadic-interactions-with-a-new-social-partner-developmental-trajectories-of-early-social-abilities-during-play
#6
Roberta Fadda, Loredana Lucarelli
Mother-infant interactions during feeding and play are pivotal experiences in the development of infants' early social abilities (Stern, 1985, 1995; Biringen, 2000). Stern indicated distinctive characteristics of mother-infant interactions, respectively, during feeding and play, suggesting to evaluate both to better describe the complexity of such early affective and social experiences (Stern, 1996). Moreover, during the first years of life, infants acquire cognitive and social skills that allow them to interact with new social partners in extra-dyadic interactions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442942/comparison-in-the-quality-of-distractors-in-three-and-four-options-type-of-multiple-choice-questions
#7
Nourelhouda A A Rahma, Mahdi M A Shamad, Muawia E A Idris, Omer Abdelgadir Elfaki, Walyedldin E M Elfakey, Karimeldin M A Salih
INTRODUCTION: The number of distractors needed for high quality multiple choice questions (MCQs) will be determined by many factors. These include firstly whether English language is their mother tongue or a foreign language; secondly whether the instructors who construct the questions are experts or not; thirdly the time spent on constructing the options is also an important factor. It has been observed by Tarrant et al that more time is often spent on constructing questions than on tailoring sound, reliable, and valid distractors...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441826/-a-childhood-onset-rapid-onset-dystonia-parkinsonism-family-with-atp1a3-gene-mutation-and-literatures-review
#8
C L Zhang, F Yin, F He, N Gai, Z Q Shi, J Peng
Objective: To explore clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of a family with childhood-onset rapid-onset dystonia parkinsonism (RDP) caused by ATP1A3 gene mutation and review literatures. Method: The clinical data of a RDP child, his brother and mother had been analyzed retrospectively. This family was admitted to Xiangya Hospital in January 2016. DNA samples were analyzed by the next-generation sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Related literature from PubMed, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), CNKI and Wanfang databases to date (up to October 2016) with"Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism"RDP"DYT12" as key words was reviewed...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438273/yoga-during-pregnancy-the-effects-on-labor-pain-and-delivery-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Fereshteh Jahdi, Fatemeh Sheikhan, Hamid Haghani, Bahare Sharifi, Azizeh Ghaseminejad, Mahshad Khodarahmian, Nicole Rouhana
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an antenatal yoga program on perceived maternal labor pain and delivery outcomes. MATERIAL & METHODS: This randomized control trial was conducted with sixty primiparous women, aged 18-35 years old, who were randomly assigned to either an antenatal yoga program or control groups. Labor pain and discomfort level of the participants were measured using a Visual Analogue Scale at cervical dilatation of 3-4 c and at 2 and 4 h after the initial measurement...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434687/vaccine-hesitancy-among-parents-in-a-multi-ethnic-country-malaysia
#10
Fatin Shaheera Mohd Azizi, Yueting Kew, Foong Ming Moy
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy is a threat in combating vaccine-preventable diseases. It has been studied extensively in the Western countries but not so among Asian countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the test-retest reliability of the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) questionnaire in Malay language; to determine the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy among parents and its associations with parents' socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS: Forward and backward translation of PACV in Malay language was carried out...
April 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434287/la-donna-di-ostuni-a-case-of-eclampsia-28-000%C3%A2-years-ago
#11
Pierre-Yves Robillard, Marco Scioscia, Donato Coppola, Jean Chaline, Francesco Bonsante, Silvia Iacobelli
La "Donna di Ostuni", the Lady from Ostuni (fortified medieval city, on the southern Italian Adriatic coast) is the skeleton of "the human most ancient mother" ever found by paleoanthropologists, grave dated of 28,000 years BP. It concerns a 20-years-old woman buried with her baby in her womb estimated at 8 months gestation. To date, the cause of the maternal-fetal deaths is qualified of unknown origin. We propose that eclampsia may be a possible explanation for these deaths (mother and baby together). Eclampsia (convulsions), the curse of human births (non-existent in other mammals), has been described since writings has existed 5000 years ago in all civilisations...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434135/son-preference-of-immigrants-to-the-united-states-data-from-u-s-birth-certificates-2004-2013
#12
Embry M Howell, Huanjun Zhang, Dudley L Poston
Son preference has existed for centuries in many cultures and societies. In some Asian countries, including China and India, the sex ratio at birth (SRB, number of male infants divided by number of female infants times 100) is elevated above the worldwide biological norm of about 105. We investigate whether this ratio is elevated in the U.S. for immigrant women. We analyze U.S. birth certificates for 2004-2013 and categorize births by mother's and father's race/ethnicity; mother's place of birth, and birth order of the child...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429143/how-to-treat-lumbar-disc-herniation-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-on-current-standards
#13
REVIEW
Alberto Di Martino, Fabrizio Russo, Luca Denaro, Vincenzo Denaro
PURPOSE: In this systematic review, we aim to illustrate the current and safe concepts in the assessment, diagnosis and management of herniated lumbar disc (HLD) during pregnancy. METHODS: A systematic review and reporting on the diagnosis, treatment and clinical results of HLD during pregnancy is performed. RESULTS: The MRI represents the first level and safest diagnostic tool for pregnant women affected by spinal problems allowing for a noninvasive and detailed radiological examination of the spine...
April 20, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419096/determinants-of-neonatal-mortality-in-rural-northern-ethiopia-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#14
Robel Yirgu, Mitike Molla, Lynn Sibley
INTRODUCTION: In low income and middle income countries, neonatal mortality remains high despite the gradual reduction in under five mortality. Newborn death contributes for about 38% of all under five deaths. This study has identified the magnitude and independent predictors of neonatal mortality in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: This population based nested case control study was conducted in rural West Gojam zone, Northern Ethiopia, among a cohort of pregnant women who gave birth between March 2011 and Feb 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418803/an-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-primiparous-women-s-breastfeeding-behavior-and-problems-from-birth-to-8-weeks
#15
Jill R Demirci, Debra L Bogen
BACKGROUND: Primiparous women are at risk for early, unintended breastfeeding reduction and cessation. Breastfeeding patterns that contribute to these outcomes require further exploration. Research aim: This study aimed to describe early, "real-time" breastfeeding behaviors and perceived problems of primiparous women. METHODS: First-time mothers intending to exclusively breastfeed downloaded a commercial infant-feeding app during their postpartum hospitalization...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418479/associations-of-maternal-antidepressant-use-during-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-with-preterm-birth-small-for-gestational-age-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-offspring
#16
Ayesha C Sujan, Martin E Rickert, A Sara Öberg, Patrick D Quinn, Sonia Hernández-Díaz, Catarina Almqvist, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Brian M D'Onofrio
Importance: Prenatal antidepressant exposure has been associated with adverse outcomes. Previous studies, however, may not have adequately accounted for confounding. Objective: To evaluate alternative hypotheses for associations between first-trimester antidepressant exposure and birth and neurodevelopmental problems. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study included Swedish offspring born between 1996 and 2012 and followed up through 2013 or censored by death or emigration...
April 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414773/the-importance-of-calcium-in-improving-resistance-of-daphnia-to-microcystis
#17
Siddiq Akbar, Jingjing Du, Yong Jia, Xingjun Tian
Changing environmental calcium (Ca) and rising cyanobacterial blooms in lake habitats could strongly reduce Daphnia growth and survival. Here, we assessed the effects of maternal Ca in Daphnia on transfer of resistance to their offspring against Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7806 (M. aeruginosa). Laboratory microcosm experiments were performed to examine effects in Daphnia carinata (D. carinata) and Daphnia pulex (D. pulex), and that how Ca induce responses in their offspring. The results showed that growth and survival were increased in offspring from exposed Daphnia as compared to unexposed, when raised in high Ca and increasing M...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413312/low-income-african-american-adolescent-mothers-depressive-symptoms-perceived-stress-and-social-support
#18
Christie Campbell-Grossman, Diane Brage Hudson, Kevin A Kupzyk, Sara E Brown, Kathleen M Hanna, Bernice C Yates
The purpose of this descriptive repeated-measures study was to describe depressive symptom patterns and report changes over time in levels of perceived stress and social support depending on patterns of depressive symptoms in single, low-income, African American, adolescent mothers during the initial, 6-month postpartum period. Thirty-five adolescent subjects between the ages of 16 and 22 years old were recruited at health care clinics in two Midwestern cities. Data collections by advanced practice nurses were completed at 1 week, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postpartum at mothers' homes...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408333/trans-generational-enhancement-of-c-type-lysozyme-level-in-eggs-of-zebrafish-by-dietary-%C3%AE-glucan
#19
Peng Wang, Chengyan Jiang, Shousheng Liu, Pengfei Cui, Yu Zhang, Shicui Zhang
β-glucan has been shown to increase non-specific immunity and resistance against infections or pathogenic bacteria in several fish species, but information regarding its trans-generational immune-enhancing effects is still rather limited. Lysozyme is a maternal immune factor playing an important role in the developing embryos of zebrafish. Here we clearly showe that β-glucan enhanced the level of C-type lysozyme in eggs of zebrafish, and the embryos derived from β-glucan-treated zebrafish were more resistant to bacterial challenge than control embryos...
April 11, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407851/time-dependent-changes-and-prognostic-value-of-lactatemia-during-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-of-life-in-brachycephalic-newborn-dogs
#20
C Castagnetti, M Cunto, C Bini, J Mariella, S Capolongo, D Zambelli
Blood lactate concentration is known to be a good prognostic indicator associated with the severity of illness and the patient's outcome both in human and veterinary medicine. It also plays a significant role in the assessment of the newborn, being a good indicator of fetal hypoxia and the ideal predictor of morbidity at term in babies. In veterinary neonatal medicine, hyperlactatemia is considered a valid prognostic marker in critically ill foals; moreover, blood lactate measurement has been proposed for the evaluation of newborn viability and the assessment of fetal distress during delivery in dogs...
May 2017: Theriogenology
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