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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812058/environmental-pollutants-and-neurodevelopment-review-of-benefits-from-closure-of-a-coal-burning-power-plant-in-tongliang-china
#1
Vrinda Kalia, Frederica Perera, Deliang Tang
Background. Understanding preventable causes of neurodevelopmental disorders is a public health priority. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) from combustion of fossil fuel, lead, and mercury are among known neurodevelopmental toxicants. Method. For the first time, we comprehensively review the findings from a study by the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health and Chinese partners that followed 2 groups of mother-child pairs, one from 2002 and another from 2005, in Tongliang County, China. Pregnant mothers in the 2 cohorts experienced different exposure to PAH because a local coal-burning power plant was shut down in 2004...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811050/vaccine-decision-making-begins-in-pregnancy-correlation-between-vaccine-concerns-intentions-and-maternal-vaccination-with-subsequent-childhood-vaccine-uptake
#2
M H Danchin, J Costa-Pinto, K Atwell, H Willaby, K Wiley, M Hoq, J Leask, K P Perrett, Jacinta O'Keefe, M L Giles, H Marshall
INTRODUCTION: Maternal and childhood vaccine decision-making begins prenatally. Amongst pregnant Australian women we aimed to ascertain vaccine information received, maternal immunisation uptake and attitudes and concerns regarding childhood vaccination. We also aimed to determine any correlation between a) intentions and concerns regarding childhood vaccination, (b) concerns about pregnancy vaccination, (c) socioeconomic status (SES) and (d) uptake of influenza and pertussis vaccines during pregnancy and routine vaccines during childhood...
August 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810392/first-time-fathers-perception-of-their-childbirth-experiences
#3
Anne M Howarth, Kate M Scott, Nicola R Swain
Birth satisfaction impacts on a man's adjustment to his new role as father. Fathers have been found to have needs similar to those of mothers during pregnancy and childbirth. Research suggests that these needs may not be being met for first-time fathers. In a quantitative survey, fathers' birth satisfaction was similar to mothers. This study then used a phenomenological form of thematic analysis to gain an insight into the birth experiences of 155 first-time New Zealand fathers. Core themes included safety of mother and baby, understanding support role, mother in control and managing pain and care and communication after birth...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806417/phonetic-complexity-affects-children-s-mandarin-tone-production-accuracy-in-disyllabic-words-a-perceptual-study
#4
Puisan Wong, Winifred Strange
This is the first study to examine the effect of phonetic contexts on children's lexical tone production. Mandarin tones in disyllabic words produced by forty-four 2- to 6-year-old children and twelve mothers were low-pass filtered to eliminate lexical information. Native Mandarin-speaking adults categorized the tones based on the pitch information in the filtered stimuli. All mothers' tones were categorized with ceiling accuracy. Counter to the findings in most previous studies on children's tone acquisition and the prevailing assumption in models of speech development that children acquire suprasegmental features much earlier than segmental features, this study found that children as old as six years of age have not mastered the production of Mandarin tones...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805956/morphology-and-postnatal-development-of-lower-hindlimbs-in-desmodus-rotundus-chiroptera-phyllostomidae-a-comparative-study
#5
Nicolás Reyes-Amaya, Adriana Jerez, David Flores
The hindlimbs in bats are functionally adapted to serve as a hook to attach to the mother from birth, and to roost during independent life. Although bats exhibit different terrestrial locomotion capabilities involving hindlimbs, hindlimb morphology and postnatal development have been poorly studied. We describe in detail the postnatal development and bone morphology of hindlimbs of the nimble walker vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus, and compare adult characters with the insectivorous Molossus molossus (erratic walker) and the frugivorous Artibeus lituratus (non-walker)...
August 14, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795822/self-esteem-and-relationship-satisfaction-during-the-transition-to-motherhood
#6
Manon A van Scheppingen, Jaap J A Denissen, Joanne M Chung, Kristian Tambs, Wiebke Bleidorn
In the current study, we used 5 waves of longitudinal data from a large representative sample of Norwegian mothers (N = 84,711) to examine the association between romantic relationship satisfaction and self-esteem before and after childbirth in subgroups of first-, second-, third-, and fourth-time mothers. Maternal self-esteem showed a highly similar change pattern across subgroups. Specifically, self-esteem decreased during pregnancy, increased until the child was 6 months old, and then gradually decreased over the following years...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795604/-lonely-within-the-mother-an-exploratory-study-of-first-time-mothers-experiences-of-loneliness
#7
Katharine Lee, Konstantina Vasileiou, Julie Barnett
Loneliness is associated with life transitions such as new motherhood, yet there are few studies investigating the issue in this population. Using data from semi-structured interviews and an interpretative phenomenological analysis, this exploratory study sought to understand seven new mothers' experiences of loneliness. Experiences were organised around three themes, reflecting loneliness arising from making unfavourable self-comparisons with perceived mothering 'norms', from reduced social contact and relationships lacking in empathy...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795466/reduced-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positivity-among-pregnant-women-born-after-the-national-implementation-of-immunoprophylaxis-for-babies-born-to-hepatitis-b-virus-carrier-mothers-in-japan
#8
Aya Sugiyama, Masayuki Ohisa, Shintaro Nagashima, Chikako Yamamoto, Chuon Channarena, Toshiko Fujii, Tomoyuki Akita, Keiko Katayama, Yoshiki Kudo, Junko Tanaka
AIM: We aimed to estimate hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity among birth year-stratified pregnant women in Hiroshima, Japan, and compare prevalence rates among women between born before and after implementation of a national immunoprophylactic vaccination program for babies born to hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier mothers in Japan. METHODS: Pregnant women who gave birth at all delivery hospitals/clinics in Hiroshima prefecture between April 1, 2010 and March 31, 2011 were eligible...
August 9, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794079/unusual-father-to-daughter-transmission-of-incontinentia-pigmenti-due-to-mosaicism-in-ip-males
#9
Francesca Fusco, Matilde Immacolata Conte, Andrea Diociauti, Stefania Bigoni, Maria Francesca Branda, Alessandra Ferlini, Maya El Hachem, Matilde Valeria Ursini
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP; Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man catalog #308300) is an X-linked dominant ectodermal disorder caused by mutations of the inhibitor of κ polypeptide gene enchancer in B cells, kinase γ (IKBKG)/ nuclear factor κB, essential modulator (NEMO) gene. Hemizygous IKBKG/NEMO loss-of-function (LoF) mutations are lethal in males, thus patients are female, and the disease is always transmitted from an IP-affected mother to her daughter. We present 2 families with father-to-daughter transmission of IP and provide for the first time molecular evidence that the combination of somatic and germ-line mosaicism for IKBKG/NEMO loss of function mutations in IP males resulted in the transmission of the disease to a female child...
August 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793365/saving-lives-with-caring-assessments-how-tanzanian-nurse-midwives-and-obstetricians-negotiate-postpartum-practices
#10
Thecla W Kohi, Megan Aston, Lilian T Mselle, Danielle Macdonald, Columba Mbekenga, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Maureen White, Shawna OHearn, Sheri Price, Keisha Jefferies
INTRODUCTION: The Tanzanian Government has prioritized maternal and child health as an urgent health care issue. Nurse-midwives and obstetricians are the two main providers of care throughout the prenatal and postpartum periods. THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to explore the nurse-midwives and obstetricians experiences delivering postpartum care assessments and how it was constructed through personal, social and institutional discourses. DESIGN: A qualitative design guided by a feminist poststructuralist methodology...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792966/maternal-exposure-to-an-environmentally-relevant-dose-of-triclocarban-results-in-perinatal-exposure-and-potential-alterations-in-offspring-development-in-the-mouse-model
#11
Heather A Enright, Miranda J S Falso, Michael A Malfatti, Victoria Lao, Edward A Kuhn, Nicholas Hum, Yilan Shi, Ana Paula Sales, Kurt W Haack, Kristen S Kulp, Bruce A Buchholz, Gabriela G Loots, Graham Bench, Kenneth W Turteltaub
Triclocarban (TCC) is among the top 10 most commonly detected wastewater contaminants in both concentration and frequency. Its presence in water, as well as its propensity to bioaccumulate, has raised numerous questions about potential endocrine and developmental effects. Here, we investigated whether exposure to an environmentally relevant concentration of TCC could result in transfer from mother to offspring in CD-1 mice during gestation and lactation using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). 14C-TCC (100 nM) was administered to dams through drinking water up to gestation day 18, or from birth to post-natal day 10...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789728/circadian-feeding-patterns-of-12-month-old-infants
#12
Poh Hui Wee, See Ling Loy, Jia Ying Toh, Elaine Kwang Hsia Tham, Yin Bun Cheung, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Seang Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Ngee Lek, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Daniel Yam Thiam Goh, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Fabian Yap
Early life nutrition and feeding practices are important modifiable determinants of subsequent obesity, yet little is known about the circadian feeding pattern of 12-month-old infants. We aimed to describe the 24-h feeding patterns of 12-month-old infants and examine their associations with maternal and infant characteristics. Mothers from a prospective birth cohort study (n 431) reported dietary intakes of their 12-month-old infants and respective feeding times using 24-h dietary recall. Based on their feeding times, infants were classified into post-midnight (00...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783051/microcephaly-prevalence-in-infants-born-to-zika-virus-infected-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Antonio Victor Campos Coelho, Sergio Crovella
Zika virus is an emergent flavivirus transmitted by Aedes genus mosquitoes that recently reached the Americas and was soon implicated in an increase of microcephaly incidence. The objective of the present study is to systematically review the published data and perform a meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of microcephaly in babies born to Zika virus-infected women during pregnancy. We searched PubMed and Cochrane databases, included cohort studies, and excluded case reports and case series publications...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777485/pls3-deletions-lead-to-severe-spinal-osteoporosis-and-disturbed-bone-matrix-mineralization
#14
Kämpe Aj, Costantini A, Levy-Shraga Y, Zeitlin L, Roschger P, Taylan F, Lindstrand A, Paschalis Ep, Gamsjaeger S, Raas-Rothschild A, Hövel M, Jiao H, Klaushofer K, Grasemann C, Mäkitie O
Mutations in the PLS3 gene, encoding Plastin 3, were described in 2013 as a cause for X-linked primary bone fragility in children. The specific role of PLS3 in bone metabolism remains inadequately understood. Here we describe for the first time PLS3 deletions as the underlying cause for childhood-onset primary osteoporosis in three boys from two families. We carried out thorough clinical, radiological and bone tissue analyses to explore the consequences of these deletions and to further elucidate the role of PLS3 in bone homeostasis...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771930/parental-management-of-adrenal-crisis-in-children-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#15
Louise Fleming, Kathleen Knafl, George Knafl, Marcia Van Riper
PURPOSE: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) requires parents to inject their child with hydrocortisone intramuscularly during times of illness and adrenal crisis. The purpose of this study was to describe circumstances surrounding adrenal crisis events in children with CAH; to explore parents' perceptions of the consequences of having a child with a life-threatening condition; and to examine a relationship between parents' perceived management ability and the impact CAH has on the family...
August 3, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770675/photoperiodism-of-male-offspring-production-in-the-water-flea-daphnia-pulex
#16
Kenji Toyota, Tomomi Sato, Norihisa Tatarazako, Taisen Iguchi
Photoperiodism is a biological seasonal timing system utilized to regulate development and reproduction in organisms. The freshwater micro-crustacean Daphnia pulex displays environmental sex determination, the precise physiological mechanisms of which are largely unknown due to the lack of an experimental system to induce female or male offspring production by alterations of the rearing environment. We recently found that D. pulex, WTN6 strain, produces female or male offspring in response to long-day or short-day conditions, respectively...
August 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767190/insulin-degludec-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-report-of-two-cases
#17
Agostino Milluzzo, Andrea Tumminia, Nunzio M Scalisi, Lucia Frittitta, Riccardo Vigneri, Laura Sciacca
Insulin degludec is an extra-long-acting insulin analog that allows for enhanced efficacy and flexibility in the injection time. However, it is not approved for use during pregnancy. We report the pregnancy outcome and newborn conditions in two type 1 diabetic women who continued pre-conception degludec treatment during embryogenesis. No pregnancy complication or congenital neonatal malformation was observed. Both babies presented with hypoglycemia and required neonatal intensive care unit admission. Degludec treatment did not cause adverse effects in the mothers or malformations in the newborns...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766224/clinical-decision-making-in-patients-with-variant-of-uncertain-significance-in-brca1-or-brca2-genes
#18
Jessemae L Welsh, Tanya L Hoskin, Courtney N Day, Abigail S Thomas, Jodie A Cogswell, Fergus J Couch, Judy C Boughey
BACKGROUND: How diagnosis with a variant of uncertain significance (VUS) in a BRCA gene impacts clinical decision-making is not well known. METHODS: We queried for all patients attending Mayo Clinic Rochester from 2004 to 2016 who tested positive for BRCA1 or BRCA2 VUS and reviewed patient management choices. Groups were compared by using Wilcoxon rank-sum and Chi-square tests. RESULTS: We identified 97 patients (95 females, 2 males) with BRCA VUS...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764979/apical-periodontitis-a-predictor-variable-for-preeclampsia-a-case-control-study
#19
Navid Khalighinejad, Anita Aminoshariae, James C Kulild, Andre Mickel
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia (PE) is characterized by hypertension and proteinuria after the 20th week of gestation. There is an association between systemic inflammation and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as PE. Therefore, for the first time, the present study aimed to investigate the possible association between maternal apical periodontitis (AP) and PE. METHODS: In this case-control study, 50 mothers who were diagnosed with PE during pregnancy were included in the experimental group...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762589/factors-influencing-parenting-efficacy-of-asian-immigrant-first-time-mothers-a-cross-sectional-correlational-survey
#20
Eun Ha Roh, Jeong-Ah Ahn, Somi Park, Ju-Eun Song
In this study, we determined the factors influencing parenting efficacy of Asian immigrant, first-time mothers. The research design was a cross-sectional, correlational study. The study included 125 first-time mothers who immigrated and married Korean men, and were living in Korea. Data were collected using translated questionnaires, and analyzed for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression analysis. The major finding was that the parenting efficacy of immigrant women was influenced by childcare support from their husbands, maternal identity, and original nationality...
August 1, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
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