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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722771/navigating-and-negotiating-information-and-support-experiences-of-first-time-mothers
#1
Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Joelle Monaghan, Meaghan Sim, Andrea Hunter, Victoria Little
AIM: To examine how first time mothers in Nova Scotia (NS) identified and prioritized their own postpartum needs and where they went for information and support, inclusive of informal or formal programs and services, social media, family and friends. BACKGROUND: The early postpartum period is an exciting, yet stressful life experience for first time mothers. Mothers have often turned to families, friends and health care professionals for support and information; however, these social networks look differently today due to changes in institutional policies and postpartum health care practices, as well as the emergence of online resources and networks...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722125/a-temperature-gradient-may-support-mother-infant-thermal-identification-and-communication-in-the-breast-crawl-from-birth-to-breastfeeding
#2
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesca Volpe, Federico de Luca, Gianluca Straface
AIM: The human female's nipple-areolar complex (NAC) is the point of arrival of a natural progression from birth to breastfeeding, linked to functional, chemical and biophysical cues that promote the breast crawl soon after birth. We investigated the thermal gradient generated by the lips of the neonate and warmth of the NAC, which may drive the infant directly to the nipple. METHODS: We prospectively studied 41 full-term singleton infants and their mothers at the Policlinico Abano Terme, Italy, between 1 January to 28 February 2015...
July 19, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721519/variations-of-cocoon-external-lipids-during-wolf-spiderlings-development
#3
F Ruhland, S Schulz, Marie Trabalon
This study presents the first characterisation of the silk lipids of the cocoons of a wolf spider (Pardosa saltans). Wolf spiders' maternal behaviour is complex and involves guarding a cocoon for several weeks, and so cocoons must emit cues to ensure their care and the development of juveniles. We investigated cues associated with the cocoon silk. We assessed qualitative changes of the lipid contents and the composition of cocoon silk in relation to the development of P. saltans wolf spider juveniles. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of P...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718496/-introduction-of-rapid-syphilis-and-hiv-testing-in-prenatal-care-in-colombia-qualitative-analysis
#4
María Teresa Ochoa-Manjarrés, Hernando Guillermo Gaitán-Duarte, Sidia Caicedo, Berta Gómez, Freddy Pérez
Objective: Interpret perceptions of Colombian health professionals concerning factors that obstruct and facilitate the introduction of rapid syphilis and HIV testing in prenatal care services. Methods: A qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews was carried out. A convenience sample was selected with 37 participants, who included health professionals involved in prenatal care services, programs for pregnant women, clinical laboratories, and directors of health care units or centers, as well as representatives from regional departments and the Ministry of Health...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717867/totally-laparoscopic-living-donor-left-hepatectomy-for-liver-transplantation-in-a-child
#5
Helayel Almodhaiberi, Seok-Hwan Kim, Ki-Hun Kim
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery has been validated to be a new standard in living donor hepatectomy for adult-to-pediatric transplantation with less morbidity [1]. Laparoscopic donor hepatectomy can reduce the major concerns about pain and morbidity associated with open surgery and a slow return to daily activities of donors [2]. Herein, we present one case of totally laparoscopic living donor left hepatectomy including the middle hepatic vein (MHV). DONOR AND METHOD: A 37-year-old mother volunteered to donate to her 3-year-old son with biliary atresia (PELD score 7)...
July 17, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716133/-to-be-able-to-support-her-i-must-feel-calm-and-safe-pregnant-women-s-partners-perceptions-of-professional-support-during-pregnancy
#6
Caroline Bäckström, Stina Thorstensson, Lena B Mårtensson, Rebecca Grimming, Yrsa Nyblin, Marie Golsäter
BACKGROUND: Professional support does not always meet the needs of expectant fathers or co-mothers. The way in which professional support is offered during pregnancy varies internationally, depending on the country. In order to attain a greater understanding of partners' experiences of professional support, it is necessary to further illuminate their perceptions of it. The aim of this study was therefore to explore pregnant women's partners' perceptions of professional support during pregnancy...
July 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715527/screening-criteria-for-ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection
#7
Andrea A Zin, Irena Tsui, Julia Rossetto, Zilton Vasconcelos, Kristina Adachi, Stephanie Valderramos, Umme-Aiman Halai, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Sheila Moura Pone, Joel Carlos Barros Silveira Filho, Mitsue S Aibe, Ana Carolina C da Costa, Olivia A Zin, Rubens Belfort, Patricia Brasil, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
Importance: Current guidelines recommend screening eye examinations for infants with microcephaly or laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection but not for all infants potentially exposed to Zika virus in utero. Objective: To evaluate eye findings in a cohort of infants whose mothers had polymerase chain reaction-confirmed Zika virus infection during pregnancy. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this descriptive case series performed from January 2 through October 30, 2016, infants were examined from birth to 1 year of age by a multidisciplinary medical team, including a pediatric ophthalmologist, from Fernandes Figueira Institute, a Ministry of Health referral center for high-risk pregnancies and infectious diseases in children in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715436/use-of-water-turnover-method-to-measure-mother-s-milk-flow-in-a-rat-model-application-to-dams-receiving-a-low-protein-diet-during-gestation-and-lactation
#8
Thomas Sevrin, Marie-Cécile Alexandre-Gouabau, Dominique Darmaun, Antoine Palvadeau, Agnès André, Patrick Nguyen, Khadija Ouguerram, Clair-Yves Boquien
Assessment of milk production is of utmost relevance for pediatricians and scientists interested in early life nutrition. The weight-suckle-weight (WSW) method, which consists of weighing babies before and after they suckle their mother, uses the difference in body weight as an estimate of milk intake. However, this is prone to many sources of error. In the current study, we used for the first time the water turnover method and compartmental analysis with deuterated water (D2O) as a non-toxic tracer to quantify in vivo milk production in a rat model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712021/the-state-of-essential-newborn-care-by-delivery-location-in-bangladesh
#9
Eunsoo Timothy Kim, Kavita Singh
Introduction Essential newborn care (ENC) around the time of birth is critical in improving neonatal survival. There is currently a gap in our knowledge of the use of ENC by place of delivery in Bangladesh. This study assesses the provision of ENC and examines the odds of newborns receiving ENC by different levels of delivery care in Bangladesh. Methods Descriptive statistics and logistic regressions were performed on ENC practices from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey dataset. ENC practices included nonapplication of substances to the cord; application of antiseptic to the cord; drying newborn within 5 min; wrapping newborn within 5 min; delaying first bath until the first 72 h; and breastfeeding within 1 h...
July 15, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710038/steroid-sulfatase-and-filaggrin-mutations-in-a-boy-with-severe-ichthyosis-elevated-serum-ige-level-and-moyamoya-syndrome
#10
Qian Zhang, Nuo Si, Yaping Liu, Dong Zhang, Rong Wang, Yan Zhang, Shuo Wang, Xingju Liu, Xiaofeng Deng, Yonggang Ma, Peicong Ge, Jizong Zhao, Xue Zhang
X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) is a relatively common, recessive condition caused by mutations in the steroid sulfatase (STS) gene. Common loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG) cause ichthyosis vulgaris and predispose individuals to atopic eczema. We report a case of a 6-year-old boy who presented with unusually severe XLI, an increased serum immunoglobulin E level (2120IU/ml) and moyamoya angiopathy. Whole-exome sequencing identified a gross deletion encompassing the STS in Xp22.31 and the p.K4022X FLG mutation...
July 11, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705350/trajectories-of-relationship-supportiveness-after-childbirth-does-marriage-matter
#11
Marcia J Carlson, Alicia G VanOrman
Relationship quality for married couples typically declines after the birth of a (first) child, as parenthood brings new identities, stresses, and responsibilities for mothers and fathers. Yet, it is less clear whether nonmarital relationship quality follows a similar trajectory, particularly given the greater selectivity of nonmarital relationships that persist over time. This paper uses data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,459) with latent growth curve models to examine relationship quality (measured by mothers' perceived supportiveness about fathers) for married and unmarried couples over nine years after a child's birth...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704472/prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-option-b-cascade-in-rural-tanzania-the-one-stop-clinic-model
#12
Anna Gamell, Lameck Bonaventure Luwanda, Aneth Vedastus Kalinjuma, Leila Samson, Alex John Ntamatungiro, Maja Weisser, Winfrid Gingo, Marcel Tanner, Christoph Hatz, Emilio Letang, Manuel Battegay
BACKGROUND: Strategies to improve the uptake of Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) are needed. We integrated HIV and maternal, newborn and child health services in a One Stop Clinic to improve the PMTCT cascade in a rural Tanzanian setting. METHODS: The One Stop Clinic of Ifakara offers integral care to HIV-infected pregnant women and their families at one single place and time. All pregnant women and HIV-exposed infants attended during the first year of Option B+ implementation (04/2014-03/2015) were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702862/oregon-s-coordinated-care-organizations-and-their-effect-on-prenatal-care-utilization-among-medicaid-enrollees
#13
Lisa P Oakley, S Marie Harvey, Jangho Yoon, Jeff Luck
Introduction Previous studies indicate that inadequate prenatal care is more common among women covered by Medicaid compared with private insurance. Increasing the proportion of pregnant women who receive early and adequate prenatal care is a Healthy People 2020 goal. We examined the impact of the implementation of Oregon's accountable care organizations, Coordinated Care Organizations (CCOs), for Medicaid enrollees, on prenatal care utilization among Oregon women of reproductive age enrolled in Medicaid. Methods Using Medicaid eligibility data linked to unique birth records for 2011-2013, we used a pre-posttest treatment-control design that compared prenatal care utilization for women on Medicaid before and after CCO implementation to women never enrolled in Medicaid...
July 12, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702176/monitoring-and-evaluating-the-adherence-to-a-complementary-food-supplement-ying-yang-bao-among-young-children-in-rural-qinghai-china-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-study
#14
Qiong Wu, Yanfeng Zhang, Suying Chang, Wei Wang, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Huijun Han, Min Xing, Li Chen, Xiaozhen Du, Robert W Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: Large investments are currently made in community-based complementary food supplement (Ying Yang Bao, YYB) programs to improve nutrition of young children in rural areas in China. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the experience and challenges of implementing YYB programs in China. We aimed to: 1) monitor distribution of YYB; 2) assess children's adherence to and acceptability of YYB; and 3) evaluate community-based strategies to improve the program. METHODS: This mixed methods evaluation study combined data from surveys and focus groups that took place during a controlled interventional evaluation trial...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694157/how-methamphetamine-exposure-during-different-neurodevelopmental-stages-affects-social-behavior-of-adult-rats
#15
Hrebíčková Ivana, Ševčíková Mária, Macúchová Eva, Šlamberová Romana
Social behavior involves complex of different forms of interactions between individuals that is essential for healthy mental and physical development throughout lifespan. Psychostimulants, including methamphetamine (MA), have neurotoxic effect, especially, if they are targeting CNS during its critical periods of development. The present study was aimed on evaluation of changes in social interactions (SI) following scheduled prenatal/neonatal MA treatment in combination with acute application in adulthood. Eight groups of male and eight groups of female rats were tested in adulthood: rats, whose mothers were exposed to MA (5mg/ml/kg) or saline (SA, 1ml/kg) during the first half of gestation (ED 1-11), the second half of gestation (ED 12-22) and neonatal period (PD 1-11)...
July 7, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692430/adherence-to-safe-sleep-recommendations-by-families-with-higher-order-multiples
#16
Madeline C Haas, Donna Dowling, Elizabeth G Damato
BACKGROUND: More than 95% of higher-order multiples are born preterm and more than 90% are low birth weight, making this group of infants especially vulnerable to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Emerging evidence suggests that families with twins face challenges adhering to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations to reduce SIDS risks. Adherence to the AAP recommendations in families with higher-order multiples has not been described. PURPOSE: This study describes SIDS risk reduction infant care practices for higher-order multiples during the first year of life...
July 6, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691638/maternal-late-pregnancy-anxiety-and-stress-is-associated-with-children-s-health-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Maartje A C Zijlmans, Roseriet Beijers, Marianne J Riksen-Walraven, Carolina de Weerth
AIM: Maternal prenatal anxiety and stress (PNS) have been positively associated to physical health prob lems in offspring in the first year of life. Whether these associations are transient, persistent, or even progressive over time, is as yet unknown. The goal of this study is to investigate associations between late pregnancy PNS and child health from 18 months to age 6. METHODS: Mothers were recruited in late pregnancy, and had uncomplicated, singleton pregnancies without physical health problems...
July 9, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689552/breastfeeding-is-natural-but-not-the-cultural-norm-a-mixed-methods-study-of-first-time-breastfeeding-african-american-mothers-participating-in-wic
#18
Julia H Kim, Barbara H Fiese, Sharon M Donovan
OBJECTIVE: Identify facilitators, barriers, and needs to increase breastfeeding (BF) support. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale, and Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form to measure attitudes and self-efficacy, respectively. SETTING: One WIC clinic in central Illinois. PARTICIPANTS: First-time BF African American mothers enrolled in WIC (n = 15)...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685041/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-3-neonatal-health-findings
#19
Emma Sacks, Paul A Freeman, Kwame Sakyi, Mary Carol Jennings, Bahie M Rassekh, Sundeep Gupta, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: As the number of deaths among children younger than 5 years of age continues to decline globally through programs to address the health of older infants, neonatal mortality is becoming an increasingly large proportion of under-5 deaths. Lack of access to safe delivery care, emergency obstetric care and postnatal care continue to be challenges for reducing neonatal mortality. This article reviews the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) and common components of programs aiming to improve health during the first 28 days of life...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683801/prevalence-trajectories-and-determinants-of-television-viewing-time-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-young-children-from-the-uk
#20
Sally E Barber, Brian Kelly, Paul J Collings, Liana Nagy, Tracey Bywater, John Wright
BACKGROUND: Excessive screen viewing in early childhood is associated with poor physical and psycho-social health and poor cognitive development. This study aimed to understand the prevalence, trajectory and determinants of television viewing time in early childhood to inform intervention development. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, mothers of 1558 children (589 white British, 757 Pakistani heritage, 212 other ethnicities) completed questionnaires when their children were approximately 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months old...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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