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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331710/maternal-depression-and-suicide-at-immediate-prenatal-and-early-postpartum-periods-and-psychosocial-risk-factors
#1
Peixia Shi, Hui Ren, Hong Li, Qin Dai
Maternal depression has been intensively explored; however, less attention has been paid to maternal suicide. No studies to date have observed maternal depression and suicide at immediate prenatal and early postpartum stages. In total, 213 Chinese women were recruited in hospitals after they were admitted for childbirth. All completed a short-term longitudinal survey at perinatal stages. Women reported lower depression scores (6.65) and higher suicidal ideation incidence (11.74%) after childbirth. Prenatal depression raised the possibility of prenatal suicidal ideation, while prenatal depression and suicidal ideation increased postpartum depression and suicidal ideation...
January 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330300/real-time-imaging-of-yeast-cells-reveals-several-distinct-mechanisms-of-curing-of-the-ure3-prion
#2
Xiaohong Zhao, Jenna Lanz, Danielle Steinberg, Tyler Pease, Joseph M Ahearn, Evgeny E Bezsonov, Elena Staguhn, Evan Eisenberg, Daniel C Masison, Lois E Greene
The [URE3] yeast prion is the self-propagating amyloid form of the Ure2 protein. [URE3] is cured by overexpression of several yeast proteins, including Ydj1, Btn2, Cur1, Hsp42, and human DnaJB6. To better understand [URE3] curing, we used real-time imaging with a yeast strain expressing a GFP-labeled full-length Ure2 construct to monitor the curing of [URE3] over time. [URE3] yeast cells exhibited numerous fluorescent foci, and expression of the GFP-labeled Ure2 affected neither mitotic stability of [URE3] nor the rate of [URE3] curing by the curing proteins...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329386/the-role-of-service-readiness-and-health-care-facility-factors-in-attrition-from-option-b-in-haiti-a-joint-examination-of-electronic-medical-records-and-service-provision-assessment-survey-data
#3
Lauren Lipira, Christopher Kemp, Jean Wysler Domercant, Jean Guy Honoré, Kesner Francois, Nancy Puttkammer
Background: Option B+ is a strategy wherein pregnant or breastfeeding women with HIV are enrolled in lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. In Haiti, attrition from Option B+ is problematic and variable across health care facilities. This study explores service readiness and other facility factors as predictors of Option B+ attrition in Haiti. Methods: This analysis used longitudinal data from 2012 to 2014 from the iSanté electronic medical record system and cross-sectional data from Haiti's 2013 Service Provision Assessment...
January 10, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327312/examining-the-prospective-relationship-between-pre-disaster-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-and-post-disaster-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-children
#4
Amy J Mikolajewski, Michael S Scheeringa
Previous studies have examined the concurrent relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a range of psychophysiological variables, including respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). However, there is a lack of research examining the prospective development of trauma symptomatology, and the directionality of the association between RSA level and PTSD has yet to be determined. The current study is the first prospective study to examine whether RSA level and RSA reactivity are risk factors for PTSD symptoms in children...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325466/the-correlation-between-birth-weight-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-1-igfbp-1-kisspeptin-1-kiss-1-and-three-dimensional-fetal-volume
#5
Gunsu Kimyon Comert, Sertac Esin, Gamze Sinem Caglar, Bulent Yirci, Sedat Ozdemir, Selda Demirtas, Omer Kandemir
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between birth weight, and maternal serum insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) and kisspeptin-1 (KISS-1) levels, and first-trimester fetal volume (FV) based on three-dimensional ultrasonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 142 pregnant women at gestational week 110-136. All fetuses were imaged ultrasonographically by the same physician. Maternal blood samples were collected at the time of ultrasonographic evaluation and analyzed for IGFBP-1 and KISS-1 levels via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324475/bilateral-cochlear-implants-maximizing-expected-outcomes
#6
Kate E Willis, Nathan J Blum, Stephanie A Waryasz, Marilyn Augustyn
Sonia is a 4 1/12-year-old girl with Waardenburg syndrome and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who had bilateral cochlear implants at 2 7/12 years of age. She is referred to Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics by her speech/language pathologist because of concerns that her language skills are not progressing as expected after the cochlear implant. At the time of the implant, she communicated using approximately 20 signs and 1 spoken word (mama). At the time of the evaluation (18 months after the implant) she had approximately 70 spoken words (English and Spanish) and innumerable signs that she used to communicate...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321019/a-qualitative-study-on-coping-behaviors-and-influencing-factors-among-mothers-in-japan-raising-children-under-three-years-old-while-experiencing-physical-and-mental-subjective-symptoms
#7
Misato Kaso, Kikuko Miyazaki, Takeo Nakayama
BACKGROUND: No studies illustrating the coping behaviors of mothers experiencing physical and mental subjective symptoms, or the factors that contribute to these behaviors, have been investigated. Therefore, the present study sought to develop a conceptual framework on the coping behaviors and contributing factors of mothers experiencing physical and mental subjective symptoms. METHODS: This qualitative study involved theoretical sampling and semi-structured interviews of mothers who were raising children under 3 years of age in Japan and had experienced physical and mental subjective symptoms since giving birth...
January 10, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320808/paid-family-leave-fathers-leave-taking-and-leave-sharing-in-dual-earner-households
#8
Anne P Bartel, Maya Rossin-Slater, Christopher J Ruhm, Jenna Stearns, Jane Waldfogel
Using difference-in-difference and difference-in-difference-in-difference designs, we study California's Paid Family Leave (CA-PFL) program, the first source of government-provided paid parental leave available to fathers in the Unites States. Relative to the pre-treatment mean, fathers of infants in California are 46 percent more likely to be on leave when CA-PFL is available. In households where both parents work, we find suggestive evidence that CA-PFL increases both father-only leave-taking (i.e., father on leave while mother is at work) and joint leave-taking (i...
2018: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317740/increased-susceptibility-to-plasmodium-falciparum-in-infants-is-associated-with-low-not-high-placental-malaria-parasitemia
#9
Samuel Tassi Yunga, Genevieve G Fouda, Grace Sama, Julia B Ngu, Rose G F Leke, Diane W Taylor
Risk of malaria in infants can be influenced by prenatal factors. In this study, the potential for placental parasitemia at delivery in predicting susceptibility of infants to Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) infections was evaluated. Seventy-two newborns of mothers who were placental malaria negative (PM-) and of mothers who were PM+ with below (PM+ Lo) and above (PM + Hi) median placental parasitemia, were actively monitored during their first year of life. Median time to first PCR-detected Pf infection was shorter in PM + Lo infants (2...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314160/are-parental-self-efficacy-and-family-flexibility-mediators-of-treatment-for-anorexia-nervosa
#10
Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Katherine D Arnow, Lilya Osipov, James D Lock, Booil Jo, Sarah Pajarito, Harry Brandt, Elizabeth Dodge, Katherine A Halmi, Craig Johnson, Walter Kaye, Denise Wilfley, W Stewart Agras
OBJECTIVE: Family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN) promotes faster weight restoration when compared to other treatments. However, the mechanisms through which this occurs are not clarified. This study explored the trajectories of parental self-efficacy and perceived family flexibility during FBT and systemic family therapy (SyFT). We also explored whether parental self-efficacy mediates the effects of treatment on weight gain early in treatment. METHOD: 158 adolescents (12-18 years old; 89% girls) and their parents were randomized to FBT or SyFT...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310603/characteristics-of-positive-interaction-parenting-style-among-primiparous-teenage-optimal-age-and-advanced-age-mothers-in-canada
#11
Theresa H M Kim, Jennifer A Connolly, Michael Rotondi, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Positive-interaction parenting early in childhood is encouraged due to its association with behavioural development later in life. The objective of this study was to examine if the level of positive-interaction parenting style differs among teen, optimal age, and advanced age mothers in Canada, and to identify the characteristics associated with positive-interaction parenting style separately for each age group. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310599/birthplace-choices-what-are-the-information-needs-of-women-when-choosing-where-to-give-birth-in-england-a-qualitative-study-using-online-and-face-to-face-focus-groups
#12
Lisa Hinton, Carol Dumelow, Rachel Rowe, Jennifer Hollowell
BACKGROUND: Current clinical guidelines and national policy in England support offering 'low risk' women a choice of birth setting. Options include: home, free-standing midwifery unit (FMU), alongside midwifery unit (AMU) or obstetric unit (OU). This study, which is part of a broader project designed to inform policy on 'choice' in relation to childbirth, aimed to provide evidence on UK women's experiences of choice and decision-making in the period since the publication of the Birthplace findings (2011) and new NICE guidelines (2014)...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306622/commonly-occurring-adverse-birth-outcomes-and-maternal-depression-a-longitudinal-study
#13
A M Kingsbury, M Plotnikova, J M Najman
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about whether commonly occurring adverse birth outcomes have a long-term impact on the mental health of mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether commonly occurring adverse birth outcomes predicted mothers' depressive-symptom trajectories over a 27-year period following the birth of a baby. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study. METHODS: Participants comprised a sub-group of women from the longitudinal cohort of the Mater and University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304013/breastfeeding-determinants-in-healthy-term-newborns
#14
Lorenzo Colombo, Beatrice Letizia Crippa, Dario Consonni, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Viola Agosti, Giulia Mangino, Elena Nicoletta Bezze, Paola Agnese Mauri, Lidia Zanotta, Paola Roggero, Laura Plevani, Donatella Bertoli, Maria Lorella Giannì, Fabio Mosca
Breastfeeding is the normative standard for infant feeding. Despite its established benefits, different factors can affect breastfeeding rates over time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding determinants in healthy term newborns during the first three months of life. A prospective, observational, single-center study was conducted in the nursery of Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico in Milan, Italy. The mother-baby dyads that were admitted to the Clinic in January and February 2017 were enrolled...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303959/influenza-vaccination-rates-among-parents-and-health-care-personnel-in-a-german-neonatology-department
#15
Horst Buxmann, Anne Daun, Sabine Wicker, Rolf Lambert Schlößer
The influenza vaccination is recommended for all German pregnant women and health care personnel (HCP). We are the first to publish vaccination rates of mothers of hospitalized newborns and HCP in neonatal units. Between September 2016 and March 2017, data were collected in our level-III neonatology department in this descriptive multidisciplinary study, using an anonymous questionnaire. As a result, 513 persons were asked to participate, including 330 parents and 183 HCP. We received an 80.3% (412/513) response rate, 87...
January 5, 2018: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302920/a-balanced-reciprocal-translocation-t-10-15-q22-3-q26-1-interrupting-acan-gene-in-a-family-with-proportionate-short-stature
#16
M Crippa, S Giangiobbe, R Villa, I Bestetti, T De Filippis, L Fatti, J Taurino, L Larizza, L Persani, F Bellini, P Finelli, M T Bonati
PURPOSE: Few examples of the involvement of a single gene in idiopathic short stature have been described until now. Our aim was to identify the causative gene of proportionate short stature in a large family showing co-segregation of the phenotype with the reciprocal translocation t(10;15)(q22;q24). METHODS: FISH mapping was carried out with BACs and long-range PCR probes to identify the smallest genomic regions harboring the translocation breakpoints. Real-Time RT-PCR was performed in blood after pre-amplification of target genes cDNA...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302536/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-in-pregnant-women-attending-urban-tertiary-care-hospital
#17
Vasundhara Kamineni, Anuradha D Murki, Venkata Lakshmi Kota
Background: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) is a strategy to promote the timely use of skilled maternal and neonatal care and is based on the theory that preparing for childbirth and being ready for complications reduce delay in obtaining care. Study Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence and predictors of birth preparedness, knowledge on danger signs, and emergency readiness among pregnant women attending outpatient clinic of a tertiary care hospital...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302327/uptake-and-predictors-of-early-postnatal-follow-up-care-amongst-mother-baby-pairs-in-south-africa-results-from-three-population-based-surveys-2010-2013
#18
Anna Larsen, Mireille Cheyip, Getahun Aynalem, Thu-Ha Dinh, Debra Jackson, Nobubelo Ngandu, Witness Chirinda, Mary Mogashoa, Gupreet Kindra, Carl Lombard, Ameena Goga
Background: Achieving World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for postnatal care (PNC) within the first few weeks of life is vital to eliminating early mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) and improving infant health. Almost half of the annual global deaths among children under five occur during the first six weeks of life. This study aims to identify uptake of three PNC visits within the first six weeks of life as recommended by WHO among South African mother-infant pairs, and factors associated with uptake...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302179/where-public-health-meets-human-rights-integrating-human-rights-into-the-validation-of-the-elimination-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-and-syphilis
#19
Eszter Kismödi, Karusa Kiragu, Olga Sawicki, Sally Smith, Sophie Brion, Aditi Sharma, Lilian Mworeko, Alexandrina Iovita
In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated a process for validation of the elimination of mother-to-child transmission (EMTCT) of HIV and syphilis by countries. For the first time in such a process for the validation of disease elimination, WHO introduced norms and approaches that are grounded in human rights, gender equality, and community engagement. This human rights-based validation process can serve as a key opportunity to enhance accountability for human rights protection by evaluating EMTCT programs against human rights norms and standards, including in relation to gender equality and by ensuring the provision of discrimination-free quality services...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301489/intrapartum-fetal-deaths-and-unexpected-neonatal-deaths-in-the-republic-of-ireland-2011-2014-a-descriptive-study
#20
K McNamara, K O'Donoghue, R A Greene
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum fetal death, the death of a fetus during labour, is a tragic outcome of pregnancy. The intrapartum death rate of a country is reflective of the care received by mothers and babies in labour and it is through analysing these cases that good aspects of care, as well as areas for improvement can be identified. Investigating unexpected neonatal deaths that may be associated with an intrapartum event is also helpful to fully appraise intrapartum care. This is a descriptive study of intrapartum fetal deaths and unexpected neonatal deaths in Ireland from 2011 to 2014...
January 4, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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