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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212920/neonatal-lupus-follow-up-in-infants-with-anti-ssa-ro-antibodies-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Antonio Alberto Zuppa, Riccardo Riccardi, Simonetta Frezza, Francesca Gallini, Rita Maria Paola Luciano, Giovanni Alighieri, Costantino Romagnoli, Sara De Carolis
Neonatal Lupus Syndrome (NLS) is a distinct clinical entity caused by transplacental passage of maternal anti-SSA/Ro antibodies (Ab). Mothers may have systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome, or other connective tissue disease, or may be completely healthy at the time of giving birth. NLS includes several clinical manifestations: complete congenital heart block (CCHB) and cutaneous lupus are the most common, while hepatobiliary disease, hematological manifestations and central nervous system involvement may occur...
February 14, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212591/maternal-bonding-through-pregnancy-and-postnatal-findings-from-an-australian-longitudinal-study
#2
Larissa Rossen, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Lucinda Burns, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Jacqui A Macdonald, Craig Olsson, Richard P Mattick
Background Mother-infant bonding provides the foundation for secure attachment through the lifespan and organizes many facets of infant social-emotional development, including later parenting. Aims To describe maternal bonding to offspring across the pregnancy and postnatal periods, and to examine a broad range of sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of the maternal-offspring bond. Methods Data were drawn from a sample of 372 pregnant women participating in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of postnatal health and development...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212425/job-satisfaction-and-determinant-factors-among-midwives-working-at-health-facilities-in-addis-ababa-city-ethiopia
#3
Eyasu Tamru Bekru, Amsale Cherie, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Midwives are the primary source of care and support for mothers and newborns at the most vulnerable time in their lives.The Ethiopian National Reproductive Health Strategy targeted reduction of Maternal Mortality rate to 267/100,000 live births in the years 2006-2015. Midwives play a crucial role in the care of pregnant women, from the first antenatal visit right through to the delivery and the postpartum period. METHODOLOGY: Institution based cross-sectional study was carried out from March 2015 to April 2015 in Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia to assess job satisfaction and its determinants among midwives working at government health facilities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212108/the-association-between-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-screening-results-of-depression-for-all-trimesters-of-pregnancy-postpartum-and-1-year-after-birth-a-cohort-study
#4
Hanieh Salehi-Pourmehr, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh, Nayyer Jafarilar-Agdam, Somayyeh Rafiee, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between pre-pregnancy obesity and screening results of gestational and post-delivery depression in women referred to the health centers of Tabriz, Iran. METHODS: In this cohort study, 62 and 245 pregnant women with class 2-3 obesity [body mass index (BMI)≥35 kg/m2] and normal-weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) were enrolled, respectively, in the first trimester of pregnancy from December 2012 to January 2016. For matching of groups, nulliparous and multiparous mothers aged 18-35 years were selected with the ratio of 1:4 in obese and normal BMI groups from the same recruitment center and to controlling the confounder factors, inclusion criteria were considered...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210529/awareness-of-gestational-diabetes-and-its-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-samoa
#5
Lucy Anne Price, Lauren Jade Lock, Lucy Elizabeth Archer, Zubair Ahmed
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a subtype of diabetes mellitus defined as the development, or first recognition, of glucose intolerance during pregnancy. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is greater in mothers with GDM compared to the general population. Preventing the development of GDM could help lower the prevalence of T2DM and long-term morbidity in children of affected mothers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of GDM and its risk factors among pregnant women in Samoa, exploring where participants obtained information, and understanding their attitudes towards diet and physical activity...
February 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210092/first-successful-perinatal-management-of-pregnancy-after-abo-incompatible-liver-transplantation
#6
Hisanobu Higashi, Hideaki Obara, Kei Miyakoshi, Masahiro Shinoda, Minoru Kitago, Naoki Shimojima, Yuta Abe, Taizo Hibi, Hiroshi Yagi, Kentaro Matsubara, Yohei Yamada, Osamu Itano, Ken Hoshino, Tatsuo Kuroda, Yuko Kitagawa
Many papers have reported on pregnancy and delivery after liver transplantation, but there have been no reports on pregnancy after ABO-incompatible liver transplantation. This paper reports the first successful pregnancy and delivery of a newborn after ABO-incompatible liver transplantation for fulminant hepatic failure. The patient was a 39-year-old female. She had an ABO-incompatible liver transplantation, donated from her husband, due to subacute fulminant hepatitis of unknown etiology. She was taking tacrolimus, methylprednisolone, and mizoribine orally for the maintenance of immunosuppression at the time of discharge...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209120/factors-influencing-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-by-adolescent-mothers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#7
Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas, Charles Anawo Ameh
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20-24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic status. Nowhere Is the burden of disease greater than in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Understanding factors that influence adolescent utilisation of essential maternal health services (MHS) would be critical in improving their outcomes. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature for articles published until December 2015 to understand how adolescent MHS utilisation has been assessed in LMICs and factors affecting service utilisation by adolescent mothers...
February 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208964/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-in-infants-receiving-skin-to-skin-care-at-birth-follow-up-of-randomized-cohort
#8
Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Vijay Karshanbhai Patel, Dhaval Nileshbhai Patel, Ajay Gajanan Phatak
INTRODUCTION: Skin to Skin Care (SSC) in neonatal period influences immediate breastfeeding outcomes in early childhood, especially the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. AIM: We investigated influence of 17 hours of SSC given from day one of life on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices through one year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Follow-up of a Superiority Randomized Control Trial (RCT) (CTRI/2013/06/003790) conducted in a teaching hospital located in central Gujarat...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206998/dynamic-outcome-prediction-in-a-socio-demographically-diverse-population-based-cohort-of-extremely-preterm-neonates
#9
M A Steurer, J Anderson, R J Baer, S Oltman, L S Franck, M Kuppermann, L Rand, K K Ryckman, J C Partridge, L L Jelliffe-Pawlowski, E E Rogers
OBJECTIVE: Accurate outcome prediction is crucial for counseling parents and providing individualized treatment to extremely premature infants. We sought to improve upon existing prediction model by using a diverse population-based cohort of extremely premature live births (⩽28 weeks' gestation) for survival and survival without severe neonatal morbidity at different times throughout the first week of life and to evaluate potential differences by race/ethnicity and maternal education...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203309/a-recurrent-case-of-pentalogy-of-cantrell-a-rare-case-with-sonological-findings-and-review-of-literature
#10
Srinivas M Naren Satya, Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, Ivvala Sai Prathyusha, Munnangi Satya Gautam, Deepthi Raidu, V N Amogh
BACKGROUND: Pentalogy of Cantrell (POC) is an extremely rare and complex congenital anomaly. Ultrasound is a valuable, safe, nonionizing, cost effective, widely available, and easily reproducible imaging tool and is indispensible in the diagnosis of POC. Despite the rarity of POC, it is imperative for a radiologist to be aware of its wide spectrum of presentation on ultrasound in first trimester of gestation. Most reported cases in literature till now have been sporadic. In this paper, we aimed to report for the first time in literature, a recurrent case of POC detected in the first trimester in a mother whose previous pregnancy also was terminated in the second trimester medically due to the ultrasound diagnosis of POC...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203028/-unerupted-first-deciduous-molar-located-higher-to-the-first-premolar-a-case-report
#11
Y Zhan, H Liu
Tooth eruption is defined as the movement of a tooth from its site of development within the alveolar process to its functional position in the oral cavity. The process of tooth eruption can be divided into different phases: pre-eruptive bone stage, alveolar bone stage, mucosal stage, preocclusal stage, occlusal stage and maturation stage. Any disturbance in these phases can lead to eruptive anomalies. The incidence of unerupted teeth is usually higher among permanent teeth than among deciduous ones. Of the primary teeth reported as unerupted, second deciduous molars are the teeth most frequently involved, followed by primary central incisors...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202650/contrasting-effects-of-increased-yolk-testosterone-content-on-development-and-oxidative-status-in-gull-embryos
#12
Marco Parolini, Andrea Romano, Cristina Daniela Possenti, Manuela Caprioli, Diego Rubolini, Nicola Saino
Hormone-mediated maternal effects generate variation in offspring phenotype. In birds, maternal egg testosterone (T) exerts differential effects on offspring traits after hatching, suggesting that mothers experience a trade-off between contrasting T effects. However, there is very little information on T pre-natal effects. In the yellow-legged gull (Larus michahellis), we increased yolk T concentration within physiological limits and measured the effects on development and oxidative status of late-stage embryos...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202638/vitamin-concentrations-in-human-milk-vary-with-time-within-feed-circadian-rhythm-and-single-dose-supplementation
#13
Daniela Hampel, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, M Munirul Islam, Janet M Peerson, Lindsay H Allen
Background: Human milk is the subject of many studies, but procedures for representative sample collection have not been established. Our improved methods for milk micronutrient analysis now enable systematic study of factors that affect its concentrations.Objective: We evaluated the effects of sample collection protocols, variations in circadian rhythms, subject variability, and acute maternal micronutrient supplementation on milk vitamin concentrations.Methods: In the BMQ (Breast-Milk-Quality) study, we recruited 18 healthy women (aged 18-26 y) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, at 2-4 mo of lactation for a 3-d supplementation study...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199772/a-retrospective-study-of-hepatitis-b-mother-to-child-transmission-prevention-and-post-vaccination-serological-test-results-of-infants-at-risk-of-perinatal-transmission-in-two-counties-of-middle-china
#14
Guo Yonghao, Dong Pumei, Yang Jianhui, Xu Jin, Zhang Yanyang, Wang Zhe
Approximately 240 million people have chronic hepatitis B worldwide, with mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) accounting for most cases. Therefore, Henan Province, China launched a public health program to prevent MTCT. To determine the efficacy of this health program, a survey was carried out in Huixian and Xinan counties, which are located in northern and western Henan. All infants born in these two counties between January 1, 2013 and March 31, 2014 to a mother positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), were surveyed; in total, there were 438 mother-infant pairs...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196398/factors-of-influence-and-social-correlates-of-parturition-in-captive-campbell-s-monkeys-case-study-and-breeding-data
#15
Alban Lemasson, Ronan Jubin, Philippe Bec, Martine Hausberger
How nonhuman primates deal with birth, at the moment of delivery, and during the following days, remains poorly explored because of the unpredictability of this event, particularly for forest-dwelling arboreal species. Available studies highlight intra- and interspecific variation which suggest flexibility of the timing of delivery, of behavior associated with labor contractions and parturition, and the social context and ambient noise surrounding delivery. Here, we present the findings of a two-decade survey of reproduction in a population of captive Campbell's monkeys...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191350/psychological-distress-in-healthy-low-risk-first-time-mothers-during-the-postpartum-period-an-exploratory-study
#16
Christina Murphey, Patricia Carter, Larry R Price, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Francine Nichols
Psychological distress, defined as depression, anxiety, and insomnia in this study, can occur following the birth of a baby as new mothers, in addition to marked physiological changes, are faced with adapting to new roles and responsibilities. We investigated the cooccurrence of stress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia in mothers during the postpartum period; tested the feasibility of study methods and procedures for use in this population; and identified new mothers interest in using cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) as an intervention for reducing psychological distress...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190895/clinical-question-in-post-partum-first-time-mothers-what-interventions-are-successful-for-helping-women-sustain-exclusive-breast-feeding-for-one-month-or-more
#17
Mai-Thao Nguyen, Gabriella Snow, Heather Wheeler, Tomas Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189079/metacognitive-mastery-in-persons-with-first-episode-psychosis-and-their-caregivers-implications-for-timely-help-seeking-and-caregiver-experiences-brief-report
#18
Jens Einar Jansen, Paul H Lysaker, Anne Marie Trauelsen, Lauren Luther, Ulrik Helt Haahr, Hanne-Grethe Lyse, Marlene Buch Pedersen, Erik Simonsen
While metacognitive mastery seems to be closely linked to general functioning in persons with psychosis, little is known of metacognitive capacity of family members, who often play an important role in recovery and often report high levels of distress. We gathered assessments of metacognitive mastery from persons with first-episode psychosis and their mothers. We found that relatively higher overall mean mastery levels among the dyads, was related to less negative caregiver experiences, and less caregiver criticism...
February 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188819/potential-short-term-neurobehavioral-alterations-in-children-associated-with-a-peak-pesticide-spray-season-the-mother-s-day-flower-harvest-in-ecuador
#19
Jose R Suarez-Lopez, Harvey Checkoway, David R Jacobs, Wael K Al-Delaimy, Sheila Gahagan
BACKGROUND: Exposures to cholinesterase inhibitor pesticides (e.g. organophosphates) have been associated with children's neurobehavioral alterations, including attention deficit and impulsivity. Animal studies have observed transient alterations in neurobehavioral performance in relation to cholinesterase inhibitor pesticide exposures; however, limited evidence exists regarding transient effects in humans. METHODS: We estimated the associations between neurobehavioral performance and time after Mother's Day flower harvest (the end of a heightened pesticide usage period) among 308 4-to 9-year-old children living in floricultural communities in Ecuador in 2008 who participated in the ESPINA study...
February 7, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188249/breastfeeding-and-defeasible-duties-to-benefit
#20
Fiona Woollard, Lindsey Porter
For many women experiencing motherhood for the first time, the message they receive is clear: mothers who do not breastfeed ought to have good reasons not to; bottle feeding by choice is a failure of maternal duty. We argue that this pressure to breastfeed arises in part from two misconceptions about maternal duty: confusion about the scope of the duty to benefit and conflation between moral reasons and duties. While mothers have a general duty to benefit, we argue that this does not imply a duty to carry out any particular beneficent act...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
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