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First time mothers

Marcelo Shigueo Yosikawa Motoki, Fabio Roberto Cabar, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco
OBJECTIVES: To compare the views of freshman students with senior students of the Faculty of Medicine- University of São Paulo concerning the respect for the mother's freedom of choice, the need to protect the unborn child, the proportionality between the mother's freedom of choice and the protection of the unborn child, and issues related to legal abortion. To determine whether the medical knowledge acquired throughout the academic years can influence the views of medical students on these issues...
October 1, 2016: Clinics
Malihe Asadollahi, Mahnaz Jabraeili, Majid Mahallei, Mohammad Asgari Jafarabadi, Sakine Ebrahimi
Introduction: Hospitalization in neonatal intensive care unit may leads to many stresses for premature infants. Since premature infants cannot properly process stressors, identifying interventions that reduce the stress level for them is seems necessary. The aim of present study was to compare the effects of Field massage and Gentle Human Touch (GHT) techniques on the urine level of cortisol, as an indicator of stress in preterm infants. Methods: This randomized, controlled clinical trial was carried out in Al-Zahra hospital, Tabriz...
September 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
Ian Brockington
In addition to bipolar cycloid episodes, infective delirium and eclamptic psychosis, each of which has characteristic clinical features and course, brief episodes of delirium and stupor are also seen in the immediate aftermath of parturition. Several mothers have had similar episodes developing later in the first 10 days, and some have cyclical disorders with an unusual time base. Bipolar/cycloid disorders can start on day 1 or even earlier.
October 16, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Vildan Binay Safer, Sibel Ozbudak Demir, Esma Ozkan, Fulya Demircioglu Guneri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate botulinum toxin serotype A (BoNT-A) effects on sleep problems in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and on mothers` sleep quality and depression at multiple time points. METHODS: This is a single center, cross sectional, and observational study was conducted to assess children with CP who were admitted. We recruited children with CP who were admitted to Ministry of Health Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey between September 2012 and April 2014 for the BoNT-A injection for lower limb spasticity...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
A Bion, T Cascales, S Dubedout, N Bodeau, J P Olives, J P Raynaud
INTRODUCTION: Interest in the study of early feeding disorders (FD) has steadily increased during recent decades. During this period, research described the importance of the transactional relationships and the complex interplay between caregiver and child over time. On the basis of the previous studies, our study tried to explore the associations between the characteristics of the parents and the temperamental characteristics of the infants with early FD. GOALS: A first aim of the present study was to show if parental perception of child temperament (including ability for arousal self-regulation) and parental characteristics (emotional and eating attitudes) are associated with early FD...
October 11, 2016: L'Encéphale
Melissa Borelli, Rebecca J Baer, Christina D Chambers, Tyler C Smith, Laura L Jelliffe-Pawlowski
We examined the association between maternal characteristics, routinely collected first- and second-trimester biomarkers and the risk of having an infant with a critical congenital heart defect (CCHD). Included were women who participated in the California Prenatal Screening Program who had nuchal translucency (NT) measurement and first- and second-trimester serum screening. All pregnancies ended in a live birth of an infant without aneuploidy or a neural tube defect. Poisson regression analyses were used to estimate the relative risk and 95% confidence interval of a CCHD by maternal characteristics, first- and second-trimester serum biomarkers or NT measurements...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
N K Goyal, A T Folger, E S Hall, J M Greenberg, J B Van Ginkel, R T Ammerman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the association of home visiting with subsequent pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of Ohio mothers delivering their first infant from 2007 to 2009. First, we compared mothers enrolled in home visiting with a matched eligible group. Second, we compared outcomes within home visiting based on program participation (low <25% of recommended home visits, moderate 25 to 75%, high 75 to 100% and very high >100%)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Melanie A Martin, Geni Garcia, Hillard S Kaplan, Michael D Gurven
Six months of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is considered optimal for infant health, though globally most infants begin complementary feeding (CF) earlier-including among populations that practice prolonged breastfeeding. Two frameworks for understanding patterns of early CF emerge in the literature. In the first, maternal and infant needs trade-off, as "maternal-centric" factors-related to time and energy demands, reproductive investment, cultural influences, and structural barriers- favor supplanting breastfeeding with earlier and increased CF...
October 6, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Ian Brockington
Donkin psychoses are eclamptic psychoses without seizures. As symptomatic psychoses resulting from cerebral endothelial damage, they may explain the lucid intervals that sometimes occur between eclampsia and the eruption of psychosis. They have the same features as eclamptic psychoses, with onset during pregnancy or the early puerperium, especially in first-time mothers, a short duration and full recovery in most. The clinical picture is usually delirium, but mania is also seen, and some patients have retrograde amnesia or other cognitive defects...
October 8, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Mary Prahl, Prasanna Jagannathan, Tara I McIntyre, Ann Auma, Lila Farrington, Samuel Wamala, Mayimuna Nalubega, Kenneth Musinguzi, Kate Naluwu, Esther Sikyoma, Rachel Budker, Hilary Vance, Pamela Odorizzi, Patience Nayebare, John Ategeka, Abel Kakuru, Diane V Havlir, Moses R Kamya, Grant Dorsey, Margaret E Feeney
BACKGROUND: In malaria-endemic areas, the first exposure to malaria antigens often occurs in utero when the fetal immune system is poised towards the development of tolerance. Children exposed to placental malaria have an increased risk of clinical malaria in the first few years of life compared to unexposed children. Recent work has suggested the potential of pregnancy-associated malaria to induce immune tolerance in children living in malaria-endemic areas. A study was completed to evaluate the effect of malaria exposure during pregnancy on fetal immune tolerance and effector responses...
October 7, 2016: Malaria Journal
Elena Longhi, Lynne Murray, Rachael Hunter, David Wellsted, Samantha Taylor-Colls, Kathryn MacKenzie, Gwynne Rayns, Richard Cotmore, Peter Fonagy, Richard M Pasco Fearon
BACKGROUND: Young mothers living in low-income urban settings often are exposed to significant and chronic environmental difficulties including poverty, social isolation and poor education and typically also have to cope with personal histories of abuse and depression. Minding the Baby® (MTB) is an interdisciplinary home-visiting programme developed to support first-time young mothers, which integrates primary care and mental health approaches into a single intensive intervention from the last trimester of pregnancy until the child's second birthday...
October 7, 2016: Trials
Kirsten K Davison, Selma Gicevic, Alyssa Aftosmes-Tobio, Claudia Ganter, Christine L Simon, Sami Newlan, Jennifer A Manganello
BACKGROUND: The involvement of fathers in caregiving has increased substantially over the past 30 years. Yet in child and adolescent psychopathology, few studies include fathers as research participants and few present results for fathers separate from those for mothers. We test for the first time whether a similar pattern exists in research on parenting and childhood obesity. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and quantitative content analysis of observational studies on parenting and childhood obesity to (1) document the inclusion of fathers, relative to mothers, as research participants and (2) examine characteristics of studies that did and did not include fathers...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Andrea Romano, Barbara De Giorgio, Marco Parolini, Chiara Favero, Cristina Daniela Possenti, Simona Iodice, Manuela Caprioli, Diego Rubolini, Roberto Ambrosini, Luca Gianfranceschi, Nicola Saino, Valentina Bollati
The consequences of exposure to particulate matter (PM) have been thoroughly investigated in humans and other model species, but there is a dearth of studies of the effects of PM on physiology and life-history traits of non-human organisms living in natural or semi-natural environments. Besides toxicological relevance, PM has been recently suggested to exert epigenetic effects by altering DNA methylation patterns. Here, we investigated for the first time the association between the exposure to free-air PM10 and DNA methylation at two loci ('poly-Q exon' and '5'-UTR') of the Clock gene in blood cells of the nestlings of a synanthropic passerine bird, the barn swallow (Hirundo rustica)...
October 3, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Eric A Hodges, Heather M Wasser, Brook K Colgan, Margaret E Bentley
PURPOSE: To enhance responsive feeding, this study aimed to characterize the development of feeding cues during infancy and toddlerhood. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed on a dataset of first-time, low-income African American mother-infant pairs assessed at infant age 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months. A subsample with the 15 highest, middle, and lowest infant body mass index (BMI) Z-scores at 18 months was selected (n = 45). Using video-recorded home feedings, early, active, and late receptiveness and fullness cues were assessed using the Responsiveness to Child Feeding Cues Scale at each time point...
July 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Hye Lim Jang, Jung Yoon Cho, Mi Jin Kim, Eun Jeong Kim, Eun Young Park, Sung Ae Park, In Young Kim, Yong Sung Choi, Chong Woo Bae, Sung Hoon Chung
Human milk banks are a solution for mothers who cannot supply their own breast milk to their sick or hospitalized infants; premature infants, in particular, are unable to receive a full volume of breast milk for numerous reasons. As of December 2015, there was only one milk bank in a university hospital in Korea. We reviewed the basic characteristics of donors and recipients, and the amounts and contamination of breast milk donated at the Human Milk Bank in Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong in Korea from 2008 to 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Caroline Schuppli, Sofia I F Forss, Ellen J M Meulman, Nicole Zweifel, Kevin C Lee, Evasari Rukmana, Erin R Vogel, Maria A van Noordwijk, Carel P van Schaik
BACKGROUND: Orangutans have one of the slowest-paced life histories of all mammals. Whereas life-history theory suggests that the time to reach adulthood is constrained by the time needed to reach adult body size, the needing-to-learn hypothesis instead suggests that it is limited by the time needed to acquire adult-level skills. To test between these two hypotheses, we compared the development of foraging skills and growth trajectories of immature wild orangutans in two populations: at Tuanan (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii), Borneo, and Suaq Balimbing (Pongo abelii), Sumatra...
2016: Frontiers in Zoology
Joy E Lawn, Hannah Blencowe, Mary V Kinney, Fiorella Bianchi, Wendy J Graham
Despite the impressive progress gains for maternal and child health during the Millennium Development Goals era, over 5.6 million women and babies died in 2015 due to complications during pregnancy, birth and in the first month of life. In order to achieve the new mortality targets set out in the Sustainable Development Goals, there needs to be intentional efforts to maintain and accelerate action to end preventable maternal and newborn deaths and stillbirths. This paper outlines what progress is required to meet these new 2030 targets based on patterns of progress in the recent past; where the burden is the greatest; when to focus attention along the continuum of care; and what causes of death require concerted efforts...
July 28, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Ludmilla S Camargo, Jonas Ac Silveira, José Aac Taddei, Ulysses Fagundes
Background: Allergic proctocolitis is a disease that affects infants in the first months. The change in feed is the primary factor for clinical improvement and maintenance of the nutritional status of the infant. Objective: Study the anthropometric evolution of infants with allergic proctocolitis at diagnosis and 1 to 6 months after nutritional intervention. Methods: A retrospective cohort of infants with allergic proctocolitis diagnosis followed at the Pediatric Gastroenterology Institute of São Paulo (IGASTROPED), Brazil...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Mariya Angelova, Emil Kovachev, Nikolai Todorov
AIM: The aim of this publication is to present a case of CMV infection during pregnancy, with clinical manifestations of the development of microcephaly and simultaneous dilatation of the 3rd and 4th brain ventricle at 23 weeks gestation. This article discusses the role of ultrasound screening in the second trimester of pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 25-year-old woman with the initials S.K. in her second pregnancy that came to our antenatal Consulting Centre...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mariya Angelova, Emil Kovachev, Veselina Tsankova, Iliana Koleva, Silvia Mangarova
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of chlamydial infection among pregnant women and to determine the role of this infection in the fetus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the first phase of this study were reported 58 pregnant women with a positive test for active chlamydial infection by applying immunofluorescence. In the second phase of the study were reported pregnant with premature burst membranes (PBM), postnatal complications associated with chlamydial infection as puerperal endometritis, and newborns are monitored for low birth weight and growth retardation at birth...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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