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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227288/physician-and-nurse-perceptions-of-gentle-cesarean-birth
#1
Rebecca J Mercier, Julia C Durante
BACKGROUND: Protocols for neonatal care and mother-baby interaction at cesarean birth frequently differ from those at vaginal birth. There is increasing interest in adopting family-friendly or gentle protocols for women having cesarean birth. Current evidence suggests challenges in achieving interdepartmental cooperation and consensus are potential barriers to implementing gentle cesarean protocols. PURPOSE: To describe how care providers' professional role and characteristics may affect perception about gentle cesarean birth techniques and inform specific concerns about protocol changes...
December 8, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223127/be-my-baby-patterning-toward-plant-germ-cells
#2
REVIEW
Keiji Nakajima
In flowering plants, germ cells are formed via tightly coordinated patterning processes that facilitate specification of spore mother cells and meiosis during sporogenesis, as well as functional differentiation of germ cells in gametogenesis. Studies using the conventional Arabidopsis system and the newly emerged bryophyte system have revealed novel interactions between regulatory factors that restrict the number of spore mother cells, and evolutionarily conserved factors that promote germ cell differentiation...
December 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216238/mother-infant-interaction-assessment-at-discharge-and-at-6-months-in-a-french-cohort-of-infants-born-very-preterm-the-olimpe-study
#3
Gilles Cambonie, Jean-Baptiste Muller, Virginie Ehlinger, Joël Roy, Antoine Guédeney, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, Corine Alberge, Sophie Denizot, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Catherine Arnaud
OBJECTIVES: The principal aim was to investigate the feasibility of assessing mother-infant interactions at discharge and at 6 months infant corrected age in singletons born before 32 weeks of gestation. The secondary aims were to describe these interactions and their disorders, explore the association between maternal emotional state and the interactions, and assess the relationship between disordered interactions and infant social withdrawal behaviour. METHODS: OLIMPE is an ancillary study of the population-based study EPIPAGE 2, which recruited preterm neonates in France in 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205957/comparison-of-two-tools-to-assess-dyad-feeding-interaction-in-infants-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#4
Meredith Jameson, Karen Fehringer, Madalynn Neu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the Mother-Infant/Toddler Feeding Scale (MITFS) and the Nursing Child Assessment Feeding Scale (NCAFS). Specific questions were as follows: (1) Are there differences between the results of the MITFS and the NCAFS tools in terms of rating infant feeding interactions? And (2) does one tool provide a more detailed, nuanced overview of the quality of feeding interactions than the other? DESIGN AND METHODS: This comparative descriptive study is a secondary analysis of a study evaluating a massage intervention for infants with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)...
December 4, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181841/epidural-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-severe-pre-eclampsia-in-non-labouring-women
#5
REVIEW
Amita Ray, Sujoy Ray
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific multi-organ disorder, which is characterised by hypertension and multisystem organ involvement and which has significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Failure of the placental vascular remodelling and reduced uteroplacental flow form the etiopathological basis of pre-eclampsia. There are several established therapies for pre-eclampsia including antihypertensives and anticonvulsants. Most of these therapies aim at controlling the blood pressure or preventing complications of elevated blood pressure, or both...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162258/-an-innovative-position-during-skin-to-skin-contact-in-neonatology
#6
Aude Buil, Nathalie Renault, Émilie Boulonnois, Gisèle Apter, Emmanuel Devouche
Skin-to-skin is, by its very nature, the only relational care entirely devoted to the parent-baby relationship, from the infant's time in neonatal intensive care. However, current practice is unsuited to visual and tactile exchange. A simple change to the baby's positioning helps to improve the quality of the immediate interaction between the infant and the mother, benefiting the development of the baby and parenthood.
November 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154728/neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-and-pregnancy-interactions-and-management
#7
Eslam Shosha, Sean J Pittock, Eoin Flanagan, Brian G Weinshenker
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) predominantly affect women who are of childbearing age. Understanding the interactions between pregnancy and NMOSD is important for clinical management. Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), the most common target antigen in NMOSD, is expressed on placenta in early pregnancy. A variety of immune and cytokine changes in pregnancy may impact pregnancy outcomes in NMOSD patients. Relapses continue during pregnancy and increase in frequency postpartum. Preeclampsia and fetal loss are more frequent in NMOSD than in controls...
December 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152887/association-between-maternal-sleep-practices-and-late-stillbirth-findings-from-a-stillbirth-case-control-study
#8
Aep Heazell, M Li, J Budd, Jmd Thompson, T Stacey, R S Cronin, B Martin, D Roberts, E A Mitchell, Lme McCowan
OBJECTIVE: To report maternal sleep practices in women who experienced a stillbirth compared with controls with ongoing live pregnancies at similar gestation. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Forty-one maternity units in the United Kingdom. POPULATION: Women who had a stillbirth after ≥ 28 weeks' gestation (n = 291) and women with an ongoing pregnancy at the time of interview (n = 733). METHODS: Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire that included questions on maternal sleep practices before pregnancy, in the four weeks prior to, and on the night before the interview/stillbirth...
November 20, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148566/factors-that-influence-the-provision-of-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#9
REVIEW
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037179/piloting-a-mhealth-intervention-to-improve-newborn-care-awareness-among-rural-cambodian-mothers-a-feasibility-study
#10
Shan Huang, Mu Li
BACKGROUND: Globally, the World Health Organization reports that the chances of a child dying is highest in the first month of life, the neonatal period. The neonatal mortality rate in Cambodia is 18 per 1000 live births. In the province of Kampong Chhnang, that rate is the fifth highest among the 24 provinces of Cambodia at 27 per 1000 live births. We piloted a project to determine the feasibility of using a mHealth intervention (the use of mobile devices to improve health outcomes) to increase mothers' awareness about neonatal care and promote the government policy 'Safe Motherhood Protocols for Health Centres' which are in line with WHO recommendations for neonatal care...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035107/maternal-social-disadvantage-and-newborn-telomere-length-in-archived-dried-blood-spots-from-the-michigan-neonatal-biobank
#11
Belinda L Needham, Margaret T Hicken, Ishtar O Govia, Colter Mitchell, Cleopatra M Abdou
Telomeres are the protective caps at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes. Short telomere length is associated with morbidity and mortality among adults and may mark the biological impact of social experiences. Using archived dried blood spots from the Michigan Neonatal Biobank, this study examined markers of maternal social disadvantage (educational attainment, receipt of public assistance, marital status, and race/ethnicity) from linked birth certificates as predictors of telomere length at birth in a sample of 192 singleton neonates born to non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic white, and Latina mothers aged 20-35 years...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991764/hypoglycaemia-in-the-newborn
#12
Orhideja Stomnaroska, Elizabeta Petkovska, Sanja Ivanovska, Snezana Jancevska, Dragan Danilovski
AIM: Severe neonatal hypoglycaemia (HG) leads to neurologic damage, mental retardation, epilepsy, impaired cardiac performance and muscle weakness. The aim was to assess the frequency and severity of HG in a population of newborns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 739 patients with neonatal hypoglycaemia (HG) (M:F=370:369) born at the University Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetritics in Skopje in the period 2014-2016 and treated at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989548/mindful-with-your-baby-feasibility-acceptability-and-effects-of-a-mindful-parenting-group-training-for-mothers-and-their-babies-in-a-mental-health-context
#13
Eva S Potharst, Evin Aktar, Marja Rexwinkel, Margo Rigterink, Susan M Bögels
Many mothers experience difficulties after the birth of a baby. Mindful parenting may have benefits for mothers and babies, because it can help mothers regulate stress, and be more attentive towards themselves and their babies, which may have positive effects on their responsivity. This study examined the effectiveness of Mindful with your baby, an 8-week mindful parenting group training for mothers with their babies. The presence of the babies provides on-the-spot practicing opportunities and facilitates generalization of what is learned...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977331/relationship-between-the-use-of-kangaroo-position-on-preterm-babies-and-mother-child-interaction-upon-discharge
#14
Cynthia Ribeiro do Nascimento Nunes, Luís Gustavo Campos, Aline Moreira Lucena, Janser Moura Pereira, Patrícia Rodrigues da Costa, Flávia Aparecida Felipe de Lima, Vivian Mara Gonçalves de Oliveira Azevedo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of the Kangaroo Position duration in the initial interactions between mothers and preterm infants. METHODS: This is an exploratory prospective observational study that analyzed the mother-infant interaction during breastfeeding, before hospital discharge. All eligible newborns, with a gestational age of 28-32 weeks and a birth weight of 1,000-1,800 g from June 11 to September 31, 2014 were included. The films of the interaction were evaluated by the "Mother-Baby Interaction Protocol 0-6 months" tool...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963284/protocol-for-the-northern-babies-longitudinal-study-predicting-postpartum-depression-and-improving-parent-infant-interaction-with-the-newborn-behavioral-observation
#15
Ragnhild Sørensen Høifødt, Dag Nordahl, Gerit Pfuhl, Inger Pauline Landsem, Jens C Thimm, Linn Kathrin K Ilstad, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson Wang
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a prevalent disorder. Studying the factors related to PPD will help to identify families at risk and provide preventive interventions. This can in turn improve the developmental trajectories for the children. Several previous studies have investigated risk factors for PPD. However, few studies have focused on cognitive vulnerability factors. The first aim of the present study is to explore a range of protective and risk factors, including cognitive factors, for PPD, parent-infant interactions and child development...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946022/rhythmic-ostensive-gestures-how-adults-facilitate-infants-entrance-into-early-triadic-interactions
#16
Ana Moreno-Núñez, Cintia Rodríguez, María Jesús Del Olmo
For decades, the literature on the emergence of triadic interactions considers the end of the first year of life as the time when children become able to communicate with others intentionally about a referent. Prior to that, children only relate in dyads, either with someone else or with an object. However, several researchers claim that referents are not naturally given in human communication and that they need to be established in interaction with others. In this study, we focus on earlier triadic interactions initiated by adults, when young babies still require an adult to bring the material world within their reach...
September 22, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886465/the-interaction-of-pregnancy-substance-use-and-mental-illness-on-birthing-outcomes-in-australia
#17
Lin Zhao, Kay McCauley, Leanne Sheeran
BACKGROUND: this study aimed to (1) assess the prevalence, and demographic features of women with a history of mental illness during pregnancy and childbirth, (2) investigate maternal and perinatal outcomes in relation to mental illness and substance use, and (3) determine the effects of maternal characteristics, history of mental illness and substance use on birth outcomes. METHODS: the records of 22,193 pregnant women who gave birth at one tertiary level health service comprising three maternity settings in Victoria, Australia from 2009 to 2011 were reviewed...
November 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878726/the-family-alliance-model-a-way-to-study-and-characterize-early-family-interactions
#18
Nicolas Favez, France Frascarolo, Hervé Tissot
The aim of this paper is to present the family alliance (FA) model, which is designed to conceptualize the relational dynamics in the early family. FA is defined as the coordination a family can reach when fulfilling a task, such as playing a game or having a meal. According to the model, being coordinated as a family depends on four interactive functions: participation (all members are included), organization (members assume differentiated roles), focalization (family shares a common theme of activity), affect sharing (there is empathy between members)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817304/medical-education-and-leadership-in-breastfeeding-medicine
#19
Julie Scott Taylor, Esther Bell
Physicians' experience with high quality training in breastfeeding during their medical education is historically varied. The process of becoming a board-certified physician entails more than 20 years of education, and although medical school and residency training timelines and courses are relatively standardized across the United States and even internationally, breastfeeding education varies greatly across schools and programs. The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) exists, in part, because historically, physicians have received too little clinical training in breastfeeding and infant nutrition...
October 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802911/childhood-maltreatment-and-high-dietary-fat-intake-behaviors-in-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#20
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a wide range of chronic medical conditions including obesity, other metabolic events and eating disorders. However, little is known about the association between childhood maltreatment and high dietary fat intake. This study addresses the extent to which co-occurring and specific forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment are associated with self-reported high dietary fat intake in adulthood and whether there is a gender-childhood maltreatment interaction in predicting this association...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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