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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817304/medical-education-and-leadership-in-breastfeeding-medicine
#1
Julie Scott Taylor, Esther Bell
Physicians' experience with high quality training in breastfeeding during their medical education is historically varied. The process of becoming a board-certified physician entails more than 20 years of education, and although medical school and residency training timelines and courses are relatively standardized across the United States and even internationally, breastfeeding education varies greatly across schools and programs. The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) exists, in part, because historically, physicians have received too little clinical training in breastfeeding and infant nutrition...
August 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802911/childhood-maltreatment-and-high-dietary-fat-intake-behaviors-in-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#2
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a wide range of chronic medical conditions including obesity, other metabolic events and eating disorders. However, little is known about the association between childhood maltreatment and high dietary fat intake. This study addresses the extent to which co-occurring and specific forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment are associated with self-reported high dietary fat intake in adulthood and whether there is a gender-childhood maltreatment interaction in predicting this association...
August 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758375/all-bereaved-parents-are-entitled-to-good-care-after-stillbirth-a-mixed-methods-multicentre-study-insight
#3
D Siassakos, S Jackson, K Gleeson, C Chebsey, A Ellis, C Storey
OBJECTIVE: To understand challenges in care after stillbirth and provide tailored solutions. DESIGN: Multi-centre case study. SETTING: Three maternity hospitals. POPULATION: Parents with a stillborn baby, maternity staff. METHODS: Thematic analysis of parent interviews and staff focus groups and service provision investigation. OUTCOMES: 1 Themes; 2 Triangulation matrix; 3 Recommendations...
July 31, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681500/continuous-support-for-women-during-childbirth
#4
REVIEW
Meghan A Bohren, G Justus Hofmeyr, Carol Sakala, Rieko K Fukuzawa, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Historically, women have generally been attended and supported by other women during labour. However, in hospitals worldwide, continuous support during labour has often become the exception rather than the routine. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the effects, on women and their babies, of continuous, one-to-one intrapartum support compared with usual care, in any setting. Secondary objectives were to determine whether the effects of continuous support are influenced by:1...
July 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663164/assessing-user-engagement-of-an-mhealth-intervention-development-and-implementation-of-the-growing-healthy-app-engagement-index
#5
Sarah Taki, Sharyn Lymer, Catherine Georgina Russell, Karen Campbell, Rachel Laws, Kok-Leong Ong, Rosalind Elliott, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an ongoing problem in developed countries that needs targeted prevention in the youngest age groups. Children in socioeconomically disadvantaged families are most at risk. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions offer a potential route to target these families because of its relatively low cost and high reach. The Growing healthy program was developed to provide evidence-based information on infant feeding from birth to 9 months via app or website. Understanding user engagement with these media is vital to developing successful interventions...
June 29, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655969/the-immunosignature-of-mother-fetus-couples-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-role-of-hla-g-14%C3%A2-bp-ins-del-and-papp-a-a-c-polymorphisms-in-the-uterine-inflammatory-milieu
#6
Miryam Martinetti, Fausta Beneventi, Cristina Capittini, Elena Locatelli, Margherita Simonetta, Chiara Cavagnoli, Irene De Maggio, Annalisa De Silvestri, Annamaria Pasi, Arsenio Spinillo
We enrolled 151 healthy mother/newborn couples and 26 with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). HLA-G and PAPP-A plasma levels were measured by ELISA at first and second trimesters, at delivery, and in cord blood. HLA-G 14 bp ins/del and PAPP-A A/C polymorphisms were genotyped. HLA-G del/del and PAPP-A C/C genotypes were more frequent among GDM mothers than controls. We observed a genetic epistasis between the two polymorphisms: the HLA-G del/del and PAPP-A C/C combination was carried by 8% of GDM mothers and 1...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522106/shorter-sleep-duration-in-early-pregnancy-is-associated-with-birth-length-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-wuhan-china
#7
Weiye Wang, Chunrong Zhong, Yu Zhang, Li Huang, Xi Chen, Xuezhen Zhou, Renjuan Chen, Xiating Li, Mei Xiao, Liping Hao, Xuefeng Yang, Nianhong Yang, Sheng Wei
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between sleep duration in early pregnancy and fetal growth in a prospective cohort study of 3567 Chinese women. METHODS: Pregnant women at 8-16 weeks of gestation were interviewed using a semi-quantitative questionnaire to assess sleep duration. Birth weight and birth length were measured by a midwife in the delivery room at birth; low birth weight (LBW) was defined as birth weight <2500 g and small for gestational age (SGA) was defined as <10th customized centile...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509564/maternal-time-use-and-nurturing-analysis-of-the-association-between-breastfeeding-practice-and-time-spent-interacting-with-baby
#8
Julie P Smith, Robert Forrester
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding supports child development through complex mechanisms that are not well understood. Numerous studies have compared how well breastfeeding and nonbreastfeeding mothers interact with their child, but few examine how much interaction occurs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Our study of weekly time use among 156 mothers of infants aged 3-9 months investigated whether lactating mothers spend more time providing emotional support or cognitive stimulation of their infants than nonbreastfeeding mothers, and whether the amount of such interactive time is associated with breastfeeding intensity...
June 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479870/a-genome-wide-association-analysis-in-four-populations-reveals-strong-genetic-heterogeneity-for-birth-weight
#9
Tiane Luo, Xu Liu, Yuehua Cui
Low or high birth weight is one of the main causes for neonatal morbidity and mortality. They are also associated with adulthood chronic illness. Birth weight is a complex trait which is affected by baby's genes, maternal environments as well as the complex interactions between them. To understand the genetic basis of birth weight, we reanalyzed a genome-wide association study data set which consists of four populations, namely Thai, Afro-Caribbean, European, and Hispanic population with regular linear models...
October 2016: Current Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467640/observing-the-influence-of-mindfulness-and-attachment-styles-through-mother-and-infant-interaction-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Judy A Pickard, Michelle Townsend, Peter Caputi, Brin F S Grenyer
The cross-generational influence of attachment security or insecurity on caregiving is well-established. Recently, research has focused on mindfulness as a potential variable to interrupt the transmission of insecure attachment and disrupt its effect across generations. Thirty-six pregnant female participants completed the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire and Relationship Questionnaire-Clinical Version at 30 weeks' gestation. Following the infant's birth, mothers and their babies participated in a video-recorded feeding session at 7 to 10 weeks' postpartum...
May 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427711/maternal-and-perinatal-characteristics-of-infants-who-later-in-life-developed-multiple-sclerosis-record-linkage-study
#11
Alexander Goldacre, Julia Pakpoor, Michael Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Pre-natal and early life factors may have a role in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis in some people. However, the reporting of any influence of maternal and perinatal factors on MS risk has been limited. We aimed to study maternal and perinatal characteristics of babies who went on to develop MS. METHODS: Data were analysed from the historical Oxford Record Linkage Study dataset 1970-1989, which incorporated a specialised maternity dataset with record linkage between mother and baby, covering a population of 850,000...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425591/reflective-functioning-and-personality-organization-associations-with-negative-maternal-behaviors
#12
Karin Ensink, Marie-Eve Rousseau, Marko Biberdzic, Michaël Bégin, Lina Normandin
The aim of this study was to examine whether mothers who manifest insensitive and disconnected behaviors in interaction with their infants differ in terms of maternal reflective functioning (RF), personality organization, and histories of abuse. A total of 86 mother-infant dyads, 28 of them with histories of abuse, participated in the study. RF was assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview (C. George, N. Kaplan, & M. Main, 1985), and personality organization was assessed with the self-report Inventory of Personality Organization (M...
May 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421025/the-use-of-lausanne-trilogue-play-in-three-cases-of-gastroschisis-diagnosed-during-pregnancy
#13
Sandra Pellizzoni, Antonella Tripani, Marina Miscioscia, Rosella Giuliani, Andrea Clarici
From pregnancy to the 1st years of a child's life, families develop and increase representations and interactive competences toward the child. Prenatal diagnosis of a severe fetus' defect could profoundly alter the parental perception and development of these representations. The aim of the study was to evaluate triadic interactions in families, whose baby was prenatally diagnosed with severe gastroschisis. Three families took part in the preliminary case study, which was carried out when the babies were 6 months old...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393542/examining-maternal-age-breastfeeding-self-efficacy-and-health-locus-of-control-in-psychological-wellbeing-of-mothers
#14
Abiodun Musbau Lawal, Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
We investigated the direct and interaction influence of maternal age, breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE), health locus of control (HLOC) on six dimensions of psychological wellbeing of breastfeeding mothers in Lagos, Nigeria. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 291 mothers attending health facilities in two suburb local government areas. The survey included socio-demographics (maternal age, marital status, ethnicity, education level and position of the baby currently breastfeeding), breastfeeding self-efficacy, health locus of control and psychological wellbeing scales...
April 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388456/women-s-experiences-of-labour-and-birth-when-having-a-termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-abnormality-in-the-second-trimester-of-pregnancy-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#15
Kay Jones, Kathleen Baird, Jenny Fenwick
OBJECTIVE: to explore women's experiences of labour and birth in the context of a termination of pregnancy for fetal abnormality in the second trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: meta-synthesis of 10 qualitative studies which included the experiences of 581 women. Data analysis was informed by van Manen's four lifeworld existentials (lived body, lived space, lived time and lived human relationships) and focused only on women's experiences of their labour and birth when terminating a pregnancy in the second trimester for fetal abnormality...
March 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347907/through-babies-eyes-practical-and-theoretical-considerations-of-using-wearable-technology-to-measure-parent-infant-behaviour-from-the-mothers-and-infants-view-points
#16
R Lee, A Skinner, M H Bornstein, A N Radford, A Campbell, K Graham, R M Pearson
AIMS: To explore the utility of first-person viewpoint cameras at home, for recording mother and infant behaviour, and for reducing problems associated with participant reactivity, which represent a fundamental bias in observational research. METHODS: We compared footage recording the same play interactions from a traditional third-person point of view (3rd PC) and using cameras worn on headbands (first-person cameras [1st PCs]) to record first-person points of view of mother and infant simultaneously...
May 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322008/hospital-practices-to-promote-breastfeeding-the-effect-of-maternal-age
#17
Heather L Sipsma, Krista Jones, Nathan C Nickel
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates are disproportionately low among young mothers in the United States. Although the use of hospital practices to promote breastfeeding is widely supported, the extent to which these practices help explain breastfeeding disparities by maternal age is unclear. Accordingly, we aimed to explore how maternal age may affect (1) receipt of hospital practices and (2) associations between these practices and exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: Data were derived from participants (n = 1598) of Listening to Mothers III, a national survey administered to mothers of singleton births in United States hospitals from July 2011 to June 2012...
September 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288538/attachment-quality-is-related-to-the-synchrony-of-mother-and-infant-monitoring-patterns
#18
Szilvia Biro, Lenneke R A Alink, Renske Huffmeijer, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H Van IJzendoorn
We investigated whether attachment quality is related to infant-mother dyadic patterns in monitoring animated social situations. Sixty 12-month-old infants and their mothers participated in an eye-tracking study in which they watched abstractly depicted distress interactions involving the separation of a "baby" and a "parent" character followed by reunion or further separation of the two characters. We measured infants' and their mothers' relative fixation duration to the two characters in the animations. We found that infant attachment disorganization moderated the correspondence between the monitoring patterns of infant-mother dyads during the final part of the animations resulting in reunion or separation...
March 14, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279994/multicentre-randomised-study-of-the-effect-and-experience-of-an-early-inhome-programme-prehomecare-for-preterm-infants-using-video-consultation-and-smartphone-applications-compared-with-inhospital-consultations-protocol-of-the-prehomecare-study
#19
Mai-Britt Hägi-Pedersen, Annelise Norlyk, Ram Dessau, Hristo Stanchev, Hanne Kronborg
INTRODUCTION: Although premature infants and their parents are discharged earlier to inhomecare programmes, how to optimally support parents during this transition remains unknown. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of early inhomecare (PreHomeCare) including video consultations and mobile applications with those of inhospital consultations regarding breast feeding, parental confidence and parent-infant interactions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A randomised controlled intervention study will be conducted in four neonatal departments offering PreHomeCare (ie, premature infant inhomecare) in Denmark...
March 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244064/support-for-healthy-breastfeeding-mothers-with-healthy-term-babies
#20
REVIEW
Alison McFadden, Anna Gavine, Mary J Renfrew, Angela Wade, Phyll Buchanan, Jane L Taylor, Emma Veitch, Anne Marie Rennie, Susan A Crowther, Sara Neiman, Stephen MacGillivray
BACKGROUND: There is extensive evidence of important health risks for infants and mothers related to not breastfeeding. In 2003, the World Health Organization recommended that infants be breastfed exclusively until six months of age, with breastfeeding continuing as an important part of the infant's diet until at least two years of age. However, current breastfeeding rates in many countries do not reflect this recommendation. OBJECTIVES: To describe forms of breastfeeding support which have been evaluated in controlled studies, the timing of the interventions and the settings in which they have been used...
February 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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