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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905664/video-ethnography-during-and-after-caesarean-sections-methodological-challenges
#1
Jeni Stevens, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah G Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper will describe the challenges of, and steps taken to successfully collect video ethnographic data during and after caesarean sections. BACKGROUND: Video ethnographic research utilises real-time video footage to study a cultural group or phenomenon in the natural environment. It allows researchers to discover previously undocumented practices, which in-turn provides insight into strengths and weaknesses in practice. This knowledge can be used to translate evidence-based interventions into practice...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828992/relationship-between-irisin-concentration-and-serum-cytokines-in-mother-and-newborn
#2
Maria Hernandez-Trejo, Gerardo Garcia-Rivas, Alejandro Torres-Quintanilla, Estibalitz Laresgoiti-Servitje
INTRODUCTION: Irisin is considered to be a myokine and adipokine that may also participate in reproductive functions, as it increases significantly throughout pregnancy. However, the regulation of circulating irisin and its relationship with other cytokines has not been assessed thus far in pregnant women and their offspring. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in irisin and cytokine concentrations between women at the end of pregnancy and their offspring, as well as the relationship between maternal and newborn irisin and maternal and newborn biomarkers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793111/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes
#3
Marie Rusner, Marie Berg, Cecily Begley
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a mental disorder usually diagnosed between 18 and 30 years of age; this coincides with the period when many women experience pregnancy and childbirth. As specific problems have been reported in pregnancy and childbirth when the mother has BD, a systematic review was carried out to summarise the outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth, in mother and child, when the mother has BD diagnosed before pregnancy. METHODS: An a priori protocol was designed and a systematic search conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO and Cochrane databases in March 2015...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787386/comparison-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-interactive-lectures-in-reducing-anxiety-during-pregnancy-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#4
Fariba Salehi, Mehdi Pourasghar, Alireza Khalilian, Zohreh Shahhosseini
BACKGROUND: Anxiety during pregnancy and its adverse effects on mother and baby is a health concern worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the effects of group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) compared with interactive lectures (IL) on anxiety during pregnancy. METHODS: This quasi experimental trial was conducted in Sari city, in north Iran, from March to July 2015. Participants were 91 obstetrically and medically low-risk nulliparous women with a mild to moderate anxiety level, as assessed by Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787342/conditional-cash-transfers-improve-retention-in-pmtct-services-by-mitigating-the-negative-effect-of-not-having-money-to-come-to-the-clinic
#5
Marcel Yotebieng, Kathryn E Moracco, Harsha Thirumurthy, Andrew Edmonds, Martine Tabala, Bienvenu Kawende, Landry Kipula Wenzi, Emile W Okitolonda, Frieda Behets
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the mechanisms by which a cash incentive intervention increases retention in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. METHODS: We used data from a randomized controlled trial in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Perceptual factors associated with loss-to-follow-up (LTFU) through six weeks postpartum were first identified. Then, binomial models were used to assess interactions between LTFU and identified factors, and the cash incentive intervention...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751685/perinatal-issues-for-women-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Cath Rogers, Laurence Lepherd, Rahul Ganguly, Sebastian Jacob-Rogers
PROBLEM: Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is an increasingly commonly diagnosed disability. People with ASD commonly report challenges in social interaction and a heightened sensory perception. These challenges may be particularly difficult for women during pregnancy, birthing and beyond. BACKGROUND: Very little is known about the experiences and needs of birthing women who have ASD. There is a large body of literature about women who have autistic children, but almost nothing about women who may have this disability themselves...
October 14, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729254/opioid-dependence-and-pregnancy-minimizing-stress-on-the-fetal-brain
#7
REVIEW
John J McCarthy, Martin H Leamon, Loretta P Finnegan, Catherine Fassbender
Increase in the number of opioid-dependent pregnant women delivering babies at risk for neonatal abstinence syndrome prompted a US Government Accountability Office report documenting deficits in research and provider knowledge about care of the maternal/fetal unit and the neonate. There are 3 general sources of dependence: untreated opioid use disorder, pain management, and medication-assisted treatment with methadone or buprenorphine. A survey of methadone patients' experiences when telling a physician of their pregnancy and opioid dependence demonstrated physician confusion about proper care, frequent negative interactions with the mother, and failures to provide appropriate referral...
October 8, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717374/the-nspcc-uk-minding-the-baby%C3%A2-mtb-home-visiting-programme-supporting-young-mothers-aged-14-25-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-years-of-their-baby-s%C3%A2-life-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Elena Longhi, Lynne Murray, Rachael Hunter, David Wellsted, Samantha Taylor-Colls, Kathryn MacKenzie, Gwynne Rayns, Richard Cotmore, Peter Fonagy, Richard M Pasco Fearon
BACKGROUND: Young mothers living in low-income urban settings often are exposed to significant and chronic environmental difficulties including poverty, social isolation and poor education and typically also have to cope with personal histories of abuse and depression. Minding the Baby® (MTB) is an interdisciplinary home-visiting programme developed to support first-time young mothers, which integrates primary care and mental health approaches into a single intensive intervention from the last trimester of pregnancy until the child's second birthday...
October 7, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587353/risk-and-protective-factors-in-early-child-development-results-from-the-all-our-babies-aob-pregnancy-cohort
#9
Sheila McDonald, Heather Kehler, Hamideh Bayrampour, Nonie Fraser-Lee, Suzanne Tough
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors that protect against early developmental delay among children who are experiencing adversity can inform prevention and early intervention strategies. AIMS: To identify risk factors for development delay at one year and protective factors for developmental delay in 'at risk' environments (poor maternal mental health and socio-demographic risk). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Data was analyzed from 3360 mother-child dyads who participated in the All Our Babies (AOB) pregnancy cohort...
November 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581003/creating-new-strategies-to-enhance-postpartum-health-and-wellness
#10
Andria Cornell, Carolyn McCoy, Caroline Stampfel, Erin Bonzon, Sarah Verbiest
Over the past 5 years there have been a number of new initiatives focused on improving birth outcomes and reducing infant mortality, including a renewed focus on the complex interactions between motherhood and infancy that influence lifelong health trajectories. Beginning in 2012, the Association of Maternal & Child Health Programs (AMCHP) facilitated a series of meetings to enhance coordination across initiatives. Emerging from these conversations was a shared desire across stakeholders to reimagine the postpartum visit and improve postpartum care and wellness...
August 31, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562563/rooming-in-for-new-mother-and-infant-versus-separate-care-for-increasing-the-duration-of-breastfeeding
#11
REVIEW
Sharifah Halimah Jaafar, Jacqueline J Ho, Kim Seng Lee
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant proximity and interactions after birth and during the early postpartum period are important for breast-milk production and breastfeeding success. Rooming-in and separate care are both traditional practices. Rooming-in involves keeping the mother and the baby together in the same room after birth for the duration of hospitalisation, whereas separate care is keeping the baby in the hospital nursery and the baby is either brought to the mother for breastfeeding or she walks to the nursery...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555292/transgenerational-cardiology-one-way-to-a-baby-s-heart-is-through-the-mother
#12
Patrick Y Jay, Ehiole Akhirome, Rachel A Magnan, M Rebecca Zhang, Lillian Kang, Yidan Qin, Nelson Ugwu, Suk Dev Regmi, Julie M Nogee, James M Cheverud
Despite decades of progress, congenital heart disease remains a major cause of mortality and suffering in children and young adults. Prevention would be ideal, but formidable biological and technical hurdles face any intervention that seeks to target the main causes, genetic mutations in the embryo. Other factors, however, significantly modify the total risk in individuals who carry mutations. Investigation of these factors could lead to an alternative approach to prevention. To define the risk modifiers, our group has taken an "experimental epidemiologic" approach via inbred mouse strain crosses...
November 5, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485934/a-social-media-peer-group-intervention-for-mothers-to-prevent-obesity-and-promote-healthy-growth-from-infancy-development-and-pilot-trial
#13
Rachel S Gruver, Chanelle T Bishop-Gilyard, Alexandra Lieberman, Marsha Gerdes, Senbagam Virudachalam, Andrew W Suh, Gurpreet K Kalra, Sheela N Magge, Justine Shults, Mark S Schreiner, Thomas J Power, Robert I Berkowitz, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: Evidence increasingly indicates that childhood obesity prevention efforts should begin as early as infancy. However, few interventions meet the needs of families whose infants are at increased obesity risk due to factors including income and maternal body mass index (BMI). Social media peer groups may offer a promising new way to provide these families with the knowledge, strategies, and support they need to adopt obesity prevention behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to develop and pilot test a Facebook-based peer group intervention for mothers, designed to prevent pediatric obesity and promote health beginning in infancy...
August 2, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416930/postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-maternal-sensitivity-an-exploration-of-possible-social-media-based-measures
#14
Ana Luísa B T Dáu, Laura S Callinan, Linda C Mayes, Megan V Smith
This study examined the relationship between self-reported depressive symptoms, directly observed maternal sensitivity, and the content and themes of pictures posted on a mobile application. Data on 20 participants were analyzed. Results suggested that mothers' scoring as more intrusive on the maternal sensitivity scale tended to post a higher proportion of photos of themselves interacting with their babies. An association between higher levels of maternal depressive symptoms and a lower proportion of posts of baby smiling photos was also suggested...
July 14, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27370711/baby-steps-an-online-program-promoting-the-well-being-of-new-mothers-and-fathers-a-study-protocol
#15
Kyra Hamilton, David Kavanagh, Jennifer Connolly, Leigh Davis, Jane Fisher, Kim Halford, Leanne Hides, Jeannette Milgrom, Heather Rowe, Davina Sanders, Paul A Scuffham, Dian Tjondronegoro, Anne Walsh, Katherine M White, Anja Wittkowski
BACKGROUND: Parental well-being can be seriously impacted during the challenging perinatal period. Most research and support services focus on perinatal psychopathology, leaving a need for programs that recognize and enhance the strengths and well-being of parents. Furthermore, fathers have received minimal attention and support relative to mothers, despite experiencing perinatal distress. New parents have limited time and energy to invest in program attendance, and web-based programs provide an ideal platform for delivering perinatal well-being programs...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325068/paraoxonase-1-and-early-life-environmental-exposures
#16
REVIEW
Judit Marsillach, Lucio G Costa, Clement E Furlong
Acute and chronic exposures to widely used organophosphorus (OP) insecticides are common. Children's detoxification mechanisms are not well developed until several years after birth. The increased cases of neurodevelopmental disorders in children, together with their increased susceptibility to OP neurotoxicity cannot be explained by genetic factors alone but could be related to gene-environment interactions. Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is an enzyme that can detoxify OPs but its catalytic efficiency for hydrolysis to certain OPs is modulated by the Q192R polymorphism...
January 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247491/maternal-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-and-infant-development-at-six-months-the-mothers-and-children-s-environmental-health-moceh-prospective-study
#17
Soo-Young Bhang, Eunhee Ha, Hyesook Park, Mina Ha, Yun-Chul Hong, Boong-Nyun Kim, Soo-Jeong Lee, Kyung Yeon Lee, Ja Hyeong Kim, Joseph Jeong, Kyoung Sook Jeong, Boeun Lee, Yangho Kim
Our objective is to evaluate the relationships between prenatal maternal stress and depressive symptoms, respectively, and infant neurodevelopment at 6 months, adjusted for heavy metals and oxidative stress. This research is a part of a multi-center birth cohort study in South Korea. Information on stress and depressive symptoms was collected during the first trimester using Psychosocial Well-Being Index Short Form (PWI-SF) and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The Korean Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II assessment (BSID-II), which includes the standardized mental development index (MDI) and psychomotor developmental index (PDI), and Korean Ages & Stages Questionnaires (K-ASQ) were applied to infants at six months of age...
June 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214411/-touchpoints-by-nurses-impact-on-maternal-representations-child-development-quality-of-mother-infant-interaction-and-mothers-perception-of-the-quality-of-relationships-with-nurses
#18
Hélia Soares
AIM: To investigate the effect of implementing the Touchpoints methodology by nurses in the following variables: quality of mother-infant interaction; infant development; maternal representations of child temperament and mothers' perception of the quality of relationship with nurses. METHODS: Quasi-experimental longitudinal study, including 86 child-mother dyads distributed equally for: Group with Intervention (GI) (n=43), Group without Intervention (GWI) (n=43)...
May 9, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165624/infertility-treatment-and-children-s-longitudinal-growth-between-birth-and-3-years-of-age
#19
E H Yeung, R Sundaram, E M Bell, C Druschel, C Kus, Y Xie, G M Buck Louis
STUDY QUESTION: Does early childhood growth from birth through to 3 years of age differ by mode of conception? SUMMARY ANSWER: Findings suggest early childhood growth was comparable for children irrespective of infertility treatment, but twins conceived with ovulation induction with or without intrauterine insemination (OI/IUI) were slightly smaller than twins conceived without treatment. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Although studies have found that babies conceived with infertility treatment are born lighter and earlier than infants conceived without treatment, little research especially for non-assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments has focused on their continued growth during early childhood...
July 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156020/maternal-stress-after-preterm-birth-impact-of-length-of-antepartum-hospital-stay
#20
Elisabeth Pichler-Stachl, Gerhard Pichler, Nariae Baik, Berndt Urlesberger, Avian Alexander, Pia Urlesberger, Po-Yin Cheung, Georg Marcus Schmölzer
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is associated with increased parental stress, worry, and anxiety, and affects parental-child interactional behaviour. AIM: To evaluate the influence of length of antepartum hospital stay on maternal stress after the birth of a preterm infant. METHODS: A prospective two-centre pilot case-control study was performed at two tertiary level Neonatal-Intensive-Care-Units (NICU). Mothers of preterm infants <36(+0) weeks of gestation admitted to the NICUs were included...
May 4, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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