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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441032/dissociating-long-and-short-term-memory-in-three-month-old-infants-using-the-mismatch-response-to-voice-stimuli
#1
Katharina Zinke, Leonie Thöne, Elaina M Bolinger, Jan Born
Auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) have been successfully used in adults as well as in newborns to discriminate recall of longer-term and shorter-term memories. Specifically the Mismatch Response (MMR) to deviant stimuli of an oddball paradigm is larger if the deviant stimuli are highly familiar (i.e., retrieved from long-term memory) than if they are unfamiliar, representing an immediate change to the standard stimuli kept in short-term memory. Here, we aimed to extend previous findings indicating a differential MMR to familiar and unfamiliar deviants in newborns (Beauchemin et al...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430878/placental-implantation-over-prior-cesarean-scar-causes-activation-of-fetal-regulatory-t-cells
#2
Tina A Nguyen, Daniel A Kahn, Andrea I Loewendorf
INTRODUCTION: Maternal-fetal chimerism is miniscule, a testament to the integrity of the uteroplacental interface. The soundness of this border region is potentially altered through cesarean delivery of prior babies with uncertain consequences for the following pregnancies. METHODS: Using multicolor flow cytometry and quantitative PCR of non-inherited maternal antigens we performed a retrospective case control pilot study and formulated the null hypothesis that placental implantation over a prior uterine scar does not result in the presence of memory Treg (CD45RO+) in the fetus...
February 12, 2018: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370795/preparing-for-a-trial-to-test-a-postpartum-weight-retention-intervention-among-low-income-women-feasibility-of-a-protocol-in-a-community-based-organization
#3
Charmaine Wright, Marjie Mogul, Glamarys Acevedo, Jaya Aysola, Florence Momplaisir, Sandy Schwartz, Judy Shea
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) causes intergenerational harm, negatively affecting a mother's cardiovascular health and ability to have future healthy pregnancies. Low-income minority women are at highest risk for PPWR with little guidance concerning timeline or strategy to lose weight after delivery. An academic-community partnership conducted observational and focus group work to develop an intervention for PPWR among low-income mothers. This study's objective is to determine the feasibility of implementing a PPWR intervention trial in partnership with a community-based organization (CBO) serving low-income families with social service support...
January 25, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368596/infant-formula-feeding-practices-and-the-role-of-advice-and-support-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#4
Jessica Appleton, Rachel Laws, Catherine Georgina Russell, Cathrine Fowler, Karen J Campbell, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson
BACKGROUND: Infant formula feeding practices are an important consideration for obesity prevention. An infant's diet is influential on their later risk of developing overweight or obesity, yet very little is known about infant formula feeding practices. It is plausible that certain modifiable practices may put children at higher risk of developing overweight or obesity, for example how much and how often a baby is fed. Understanding how parents use infant formula and what factors may influence this practice is therefore important...
January 24, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362263/protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial-for-improving-breast-feeding-initiation-and-continuation-assets-based-infant-feeding-help-before-and-after-birth-aba
#5
Kate Jolly, Jenny Ingram, Joanne Clarke, Debbie Johnson, Heather Trickey, Gill Thomson, Stephan U Dombrowski, Alice Sitch, Fiona Dykes, Max G Feltham, Kirsty Darwent, Christine MacArthur, Tracy Roberts, Pat Hoddinott
INTRODUCTION: Breast feeding improves the health of mothers and infants; the UK has low rates, with marked socioeconomic inequalities. While trials of peer support services have been effective in some settings, UK trials have not improved breast feeding rates. Qualitative research suggests that many women are alienated by the focus on breast feeding. We propose a change from breast feeding-focused interactions to respecting a woman's feeding choices, inclusion of behaviour change theory and an increased intensity of contacts in the 2 weeks after birth when many women cease to breast feed...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357912/eregqual-an-electronic-health-registry-with-interactive-checklists-and-clinical-decision-support-for-improving-quality-of-antenatal-care-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Mahima Venkateswaran, Kjersti Mørkrid, Buthaina Ghanem, Eatimad Abbas, Itimad Abuward, Mohammad Baniode, Ole Frithjof Norheim, J Frederik Frøen
BACKGROUND: Health worker compliance with established best-practice clinical and public health guidelines may be enhanced by customized checklists of care and clinical decision support driven by point-of-care data entry into an electronic health registry. The public health system of Palestine is currently implementing a national electronic registry (eRegistry) for maternal and child health. This trial is embedded in the national implementation and aims to assess the effectiveness of the eRegistry's interactive checklists and clinical decision support, compared with the existing paper based records, on improving the quality of care for pregnant women...
January 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343215/women-s-decision-making-processes-and-the-influences-on-their-mode-of-birth-following-a-previous-caesarean-section-in-taiwan-a-qualitative-study
#7
Shu-Wen Chen, Alison M Hutchinson, Cate Nagle, Tracey K Bucknall
BACKGROUND: Vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) is an alternative option for women who have had a previous caesarean section (CS); however, uptake is limited because of concern about the risks of uterine rupture. The aim of this study was to explore women's decision-making processes and the influences on their mode of birth following a previous CS. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used. The research comprised three stages. Stage I consisted of naturalistic observation at 33-34 weeks' gestation...
January 17, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343135/genetic-polymorphisms-in-folate-metabolism-as-risk-for-down-syndrome-in-the-southern-china
#8
Lin Jiajin, Cao Shuyan, Wu Ying, Chen Junxiao, Wang Xiudi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between maternal gene polymorphisms of the enzymes involved in folate metabolism and the risk of having a Down syndrome (DS) offspring in southern China mothers. METHODS: Gene polymorphisms in folate metabolizing and the levels of homocysteine (HCY) were analyzed in 84 southern China mothers with DS babies (the case group) and 120 healthy mothers (the control group). Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T (rs1801133) and A1298C (rs1801131), methionine synthase (MTR) A2756G (rs1805087), and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) A66G (rs1801394) were studied...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335146/-supporting-the-encounter-of-mothers-suffering-from-borderline-conditions-with-their-baby
#9
Gisèle Apter, Sara Dominguez, Marie-Camille Genet, Emmanuel Devouche
Mothers suffering from borderline conditions are overwhelmed by emotions. Their interactions are tainted with qualitative discontinuities, unpredictable for infants. These high-risk situations must not be trivialised. They are characterised by the importance of providing rapid support to the baby and by the existence of maternal suffering. The infant's basic needs guide the professionals working with these families.
January 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321051/midwives-respect-and-disrespect-of-women-during-facility-based-childbirth-in-urban-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#10
Kana Shimoda, Shigeko Horiuchi, Sebalda Leshabari, Yoko Shimpuku
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, facility-based childbirths in Tanzania have only minimally increased by 10% partly because of healthcare providers' disrespect and abuse (D&A) of women during childbirth. Although numerous studies have substantiated women's experience of D&A during childbirth by healthcare providers, few have focused on how D&A occurred during the midwives' actual care. This study aimed to describe from actual observations the respectful and disrespectful care received by women from midwives during their labor period in two hospitals in urban Tanzania...
January 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318985/a-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-during-caesarean-section-in-women-at-risk-of-haemorrhage-the-salvo-cell-salvage-in-obstetrics-trial
#11
Khalid S Khan, Philip Moore, Matthew Wilson, Richard Hooper, Shubha Allard, Ian Wrench, Tracy Roberts, Carol McLoughlin, Lee Beresford, James Geoghegan, Jane Daniels, Sue Catling, Vicki A Clark, Paul Ayuk, Stephen Robson, Fang Gao-Smith, Matthew Hogg, Louise Jackson, Doris Lanz, Julie Dodds
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section is associated with blood loss and maternal morbidity. Excessive blood loss requires transfusion of donor (allogeneic) blood, which is a finite resource. Cell salvage returns blood lost during surgery to the mother. It may avoid the need for donor blood transfusion, but reliable evidence of its effects is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine if routine use of cell salvage during caesarean section in mothers at risk of haemorrhage reduces the rates of blood transfusion and postpartum maternal morbidity, and is cost-effective, in comparison with standard practice without routine salvage use...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306098/exploring-midwives-interactions-with-mothers-when-labour-begins-a-study-using-participatory-action-research
#12
Helen E D Shallow, Ruth Deery, Mavis Kirkham
OBJECTIVE: to explore the interactions between mothers and midwives when labour begins with a focus on midwives and unexpected birth out of hospital. DESIGN: participatory action research (PAR) that sought to understand and improve interactions between mothers and midwives through interviews, focus groups and a joint workshop. SETTING: maternity services in the north of England, in a district general hospital with one obstetric unit and two birth centres, across two sites and where there was a birth rate of 6000...
October 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227288/physician-and-nurse-perceptions-of-gentle-cesarean-birth
#13
Rebecca J Mercier, Julia C Durante
BACKGROUND: Protocols for neonatal care and mother-baby interaction at cesarean birth frequently differ from those at vaginal birth. There is increasing interest in adopting family-friendly or gentle protocols for women having cesarean birth. Current evidence suggests challenges in achieving interdepartmental cooperation and consensus are potential barriers to implementing gentle cesarean protocols. PURPOSE: To describe how care providers' professional role and characteristics may affect perception about gentle cesarean birth techniques and inform specific concerns about protocol changes...
December 8, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223127/be-my-baby-patterning-toward-plant-germ-cells
#14
REVIEW
Keiji Nakajima
In flowering plants, germ cells are formed via tightly coordinated patterning processes that facilitate specification of spore mother cells and meiosis during sporogenesis, as well as functional differentiation of germ cells in gametogenesis. Studies using the conventional Arabidopsis system and the newly emerged bryophyte system have revealed novel interactions between regulatory factors that restrict the number of spore mother cells, and evolutionarily conserved factors that promote germ cell differentiation...
December 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216238/mother-infant-interaction-assessment-at-discharge-and-at-6-months-in-a-french-cohort-of-infants-born-very-preterm-the-olimpe-study
#15
Gilles Cambonie, Jean-Baptiste Muller, Virginie Ehlinger, Joël Roy, Antoine Guédeney, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, Corine Alberge, Sophie Denizot, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Catherine Arnaud
OBJECTIVES: The principal aim was to investigate the feasibility of assessing mother-infant interactions at discharge and at 6 months infant corrected age in singletons born before 32 weeks of gestation. The secondary aims were to describe these interactions and their disorders, explore the association between maternal emotional state and the interactions, and assess the relationship between disordered interactions and infant social withdrawal behaviour. METHODS: OLIMPE is an ancillary study of the population-based study EPIPAGE 2, which recruited preterm neonates in France in 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205957/comparison-of-two-tools-to-assess-dyad-feeding-interaction-in-infants-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#16
Meredith Jameson, Karen Fehringer, Madalynn Neu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the Mother-Infant/Toddler Feeding Scale (MITFS) and the Nursing Child Assessment Feeding Scale (NCAFS). Specific questions were as follows: (1) Are there differences between the results of the MITFS and the NCAFS tools in terms of rating infant feeding interactions? And (2) does one tool provide a more detailed, nuanced overview of the quality of feeding interactions than the other? DESIGN AND METHODS: This comparative descriptive study is a secondary analysis of a study evaluating a massage intervention for infants with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)...
December 4, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181841/epidural-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-severe-pre-eclampsia-in-non-labouring-women
#17
REVIEW
Amita Ray, Sujoy Ray
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific multi-organ disorder, which is characterised by hypertension and multisystem organ involvement and which has significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Failure of the placental vascular remodelling and reduced uteroplacental flow form the etiopathological basis of pre-eclampsia. There are several established therapies for pre-eclampsia including antihypertensives and anticonvulsants. Most of these therapies aim at controlling the blood pressure or preventing complications of elevated blood pressure, or both...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162258/-an-innovative-position-during-skin-to-skin-contact-in-neonatology
#18
Aude Buil, Nathalie Renault, Émilie Boulonnois, Gisèle Apter, Emmanuel Devouche
Skin-to-skin is, by its very nature, the only relational care entirely devoted to the parent-baby relationship, from the infant's time in neonatal intensive care. However, current practice is unsuited to visual and tactile exchange. A simple change to the baby's positioning helps to improve the quality of the immediate interaction between the infant and the mother, benefiting the development of the baby and parenthood.
November 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154728/neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-and-pregnancy-interactions-and-management
#19
Eslam Shosha, Sean J Pittock, Eoin Flanagan, Brian G Weinshenker
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) predominantly affect women who are of childbearing age. Understanding the interactions between pregnancy and NMOSD is important for clinical management. Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), the most common target antigen in NMOSD, is expressed on placenta in early pregnancy. A variety of immune and cytokine changes in pregnancy may impact pregnancy outcomes in NMOSD patients. Relapses continue during pregnancy and increase in frequency postpartum. Preeclampsia and fetal loss are more frequent in NMOSD than in controls...
December 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152887/association-between-maternal-sleep-practices-and-late-stillbirth-findings-from-a-stillbirth-case-control-study
#20
Aep Heazell, M Li, J Budd, Jmd Thompson, T Stacey, R S Cronin, B Martin, D Roberts, E A Mitchell, Lme McCowan
OBJECTIVE: To report maternal sleep practices in women who experienced a stillbirth compared with controls with ongoing live pregnancies at similar gestation. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Forty-one maternity units in the United Kingdom. POPULATION: Women who had a stillbirth after ≥ 28 weeks' gestation (n = 291) and women with an ongoing pregnancy at the time of interview (n = 733). METHODS: Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire that included questions on maternal sleep practices before pregnancy, in the four weeks prior to, and on the night before the interview/stillbirth...
November 20, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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