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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427711/maternal-and-perinatal-characteristics-of-infants-who-later-in-life-developed-multiple-sclerosis-record-linkage-study
#1
Alexander Goldacre, Julia Pakpoor, Michael Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Pre-natal and early life factors may have a role in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis in some people. However, the reporting of any influence of maternal and perinatal factors on MS risk has been limited. We aimed to study maternal and perinatal characteristics of babies who went on to develop MS. METHODS: Data were analysed from the historical Oxford Record Linkage Study dataset 1970-1989, which incorporated a specialised maternity dataset with record linkage between mother and baby, covering a population of 850,000...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425591/reflective-functioning-and-personality-organization-associations-with-negative-maternal-behaviors
#2
Karin Ensink, Marie-Eve Rousseau, Marko Biberdzic, Michaël Bégin, Lina Normandin
The aim of this study was to examine whether mothers who manifest insensitive and disconnected behaviors in interaction with their infants differ in terms of maternal reflective functioning (RF), personality organization, and histories of abuse. A total of 86 mother-infant dyads, 28 of them with histories of abuse, participated in the study. RF was assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview (C. George, N. Kaplan, & M. Main, 1985), and personality organization was assessed with the self-report Inventory of Personality Organization (M...
April 20, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421025/the-use-of-lausanne-trilogue-play-in-three-cases-of-gastroschisis-diagnosed-during-pregnancy
#3
Sandra Pellizzoni, Antonella Tripani, Marina Miscioscia, Rosella Giuliani, Andrea Clarici
From pregnancy to the 1st years of a child's life, families develop and increase representations and interactive competences toward the child. Prenatal diagnosis of a severe fetus' defect could profoundly alter the parental perception and development of these representations. The aim of the study was to evaluate triadic interactions in families, whose baby was prenatally diagnosed with severe gastroschisis. Three families took part in the preliminary case study, which was carried out when the babies were 6 months old...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393542/examining-maternal-age-breastfeeding-self-efficacy-and-health-locus-of-control-in-psychological-wellbeing-of-mothers
#4
Abiodun Musbau Lawal, Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
We investigated the direct and interaction influence of maternal age, breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE), health locus of control (HLOC) on six dimensions of psychological wellbeing of breastfeeding mothers in Lagos, Nigeria. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 291 mothers attending health facilities in two suburb local government areas. The survey included socio-demographics (maternal age, marital status, ethnicity, education level and position of the baby currently breastfeeding), breastfeeding self-efficacy, health locus of control and psychological wellbeing scales...
April 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388456/women-s-experiences-of-labour-and-birth-when-having-a-termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-abnormality-in-the-second-trimester-of-pregnancy-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#5
Kay Jones, Kathleen Baird, Jenny Fenwick
OBJECTIVE: to explore women's experiences of labour and birth in the context of a termination of pregnancy for fetal abnormality in the second trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: meta-synthesis of 10 qualitative studies which included the experiences of 581 women. Data analysis was informed by van Manen's four lifeworld existentials (lived body, lived space, lived time and lived human relationships) and focused only on women's experiences of their labour and birth when terminating a pregnancy in the second trimester for fetal abnormality...
March 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347907/through-babies-eyes-practical-and-theoretical-considerations-of-using-wearable-technology-to-measure-parent-infant-behaviour-from-the-mothers-and-infants-view-points
#6
R Lee, A Skinner, M H Bornstein, A N Radford, A Campbell, K Graham, R M Pearson
AIMS: To explore the utility of first-person viewpoint cameras at home, for recording mother and infant behaviour, and for reducing problems associated with participant reactivity, which represent a fundamental bias in observational research. METHODS: We compared footage recording the same play interactions from a traditional third-person point of view (3rd PC) and using cameras worn on headbands (first-person cameras [1st PCs]) to record first-person points of view of mother and infant simultaneously...
March 24, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322008/hospital-practices-to-promote-breastfeeding-the-effect-of-maternal-age
#7
Heather L Sipsma, Krista Jones, Nathan C Nickel
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates are disproportionately low among young mothers in the United States. Although the use of hospital practices to promote breastfeeding is widely supported, the extent to which these practices help explain breastfeeding disparities by maternal age is unclear. Accordingly, we aimed to explore how maternal age may affect (1) receipt of hospital practices and (2) associations between these practices and exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: Data were derived from participants (n = 1598) of Listening to Mothers III, a national survey administered to mothers of singleton births in United States hospitals from July 2011 to June 2012...
March 21, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288538/attachment-quality-is-related-to-the-synchrony-of-mother-and-infant-monitoring-patterns
#8
Szilvia Biro, Lenneke R A Alink, Renske Huffmeijer, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H Van IJzendoorn
We investigated whether attachment quality is related to infant-mother dyadic patterns in monitoring animated social situations. Sixty 12-month-old infants and their mothers participated in an eye-tracking study in which they watched abstractly depicted distress interactions involving the separation of a "baby" and a "parent" character followed by reunion or further separation of the two characters. We measured infants' and their mothers' relative fixation duration to the two characters in the animations. We found that infant attachment disorganization moderated the correspondence between the monitoring patterns of infant-mother dyads during the final part of the animations resulting in reunion or separation...
March 14, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279994/multicentre-randomised-study-of-the-effect-and-experience-of-an-early-inhome-programme-prehomecare-for-preterm-infants-using-video-consultation-and-smartphone-applications-compared-with-inhospital-consultations-protocol-of-the-prehomecare-study
#9
Mai-Britt Hägi-Pedersen, Annelise Norlyk, Ram Dessau, Hristo Stanchev, Hanne Kronborg
INTRODUCTION: Although premature infants and their parents are discharged earlier to inhomecare programmes, how to optimally support parents during this transition remains unknown. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of early inhomecare (PreHomeCare) including video consultations and mobile applications with those of inhospital consultations regarding breast feeding, parental confidence and parent-infant interactions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A randomised controlled intervention study will be conducted in four neonatal departments offering PreHomeCare (ie, premature infant inhomecare) in Denmark...
March 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244064/support-for-healthy-breastfeeding-mothers-with-healthy-term-babies
#10
REVIEW
Alison McFadden, Anna Gavine, Mary J Renfrew, Angela Wade, Phyll Buchanan, Jane L Taylor, Emma Veitch, Anne Marie Rennie, Susan A Crowther, Sara Neiman, Stephen MacGillivray
BACKGROUND: There is extensive evidence of important health risks for infants and mothers related to not breastfeeding. In 2003, the World Health Organization recommended that infants be breastfed exclusively until six months of age, with breastfeeding continuing as an important part of the infant's diet until at least two years of age. However, current breastfeeding rates in many countries do not reflect this recommendation. OBJECTIVES: To describe forms of breastfeeding support which have been evaluated in controlled studies, the timing of the interventions and the settings in which they have been used...
February 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165208/offspring-birthweight-by-gestational-age-and-parental-cardiovascular-mortality-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
N-H Morken, F Halland, L A DeRoo, A J Wilcox, R Skjaerven
OBJECTIVE: To estimate risk of parental cardiovascular disease mortality by offspring birthweight. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING AND POPULATION: Norwegian mothers and fathers with singleton births during 1967-2002 were followed until 2009 by linkage to the Norwegian cause of death registry. METHODS: Hazard ratios by offspring absolute birthweight in grams and birthweight adjusted for gestational age (z-score) were calculated using Cox regression and adjusted for parental age at delivery and year of first birth...
February 6, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153932/parental-engagement-and-early-interactions-with-preterm-infants-during-the-stay-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-protocol-of-a-mixed-method-and-longitudinal-study
#12
Alberto Stefana, Manuela Lavelli
INTRODUCTION: The preterm infants' developmental outcomes depend on biological and environmental risk factors. The environmental factors include prolonged parental separation, less exposure to early mother/father-infant interactions and the parents' ability to respond to the trauma of premature birth. In the case of premature birth, the father's ability to take an active part in the care of the infant from the start is essential. The parents' emotional closeness to the preterm infant hospitalised in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may be crucial to the well-being of the newborn, the development of mutual regulation, the establishment of a functioning parent-infant affective relationship and the parents' confidence in their ability to provide care for their baby...
February 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138996/a-qualitative-investigation-in-the-role-of-the-baby-in-recovery-from-postpartum-psychosis
#13
Charlene Plunkett, Sarah Peters, Angelika Wieck, Anja Wittkowski
Psychosis after childbirth is a rare but severe type of mental health difficulty experienced by perinatal women. Research has explored mothers' experiences of onset and recovery from psychosis after childbirth. This study explored the role of the baby in 12 mothers' experiences of recovery. A thematic analysis of the data identified three core themes that described the role of the baby in the mothers' recovery from psychosis after childbirth. Findings revealed that the baby was central to recovery, experienced by mothers as both helpful and unhelpful...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137316/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-time-intensive-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-postpartum-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-effects-on-maternal-symptoms-mother-infant-interactions-and-attachment
#14
F L Challacombe, P M Salkovskis, M Woolgar, E L Wilkinson, J Read, R Acheson
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition that perinatal anxiety disorders are both common and potentially serious for mother and child. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can be triggered or exacerbated in the postpartum period, with mothers reporting significant effects on parenting tasks. However, there is little evidence concerning their effective treatment or the impact of successful treatment on parenting. METHOD: A total of 34 mothers with OCD and a baby of 6 months old were randomized into either time-intensive cognitive-behaviour therapy (iCBT) or treatment as usual (TAU)...
January 31, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068927/subgroup-identification-of-early-preterm-birth-eptb-informing-a-future-prospective-enrichment-clinical-trial-design
#15
Chuanwu Zhang, Lili Garrard, John Keighley, Susan Carlson, Byron Gajewski
BACKGROUND: Despite the widely recognized association between the severity of early preterm birth (ePTB) and its related severe diseases, little is known about the potential risk factors of ePTB and the sub-population with high risk of ePTB. Moreover, motivated by a future confirmatory clinical trial to identify whether supplementing pregnant women with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has a different effect on the risk subgroup population or not in terms of ePTB prevalence, this study aims to identify potential risk subgroups and risk factors for ePTB, defined as babies born less than 34 weeks of gestation...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905664/video-ethnography-during-and-after-caesarean-sections-methodological-challenges
#16
Jeni Stevens, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah G Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper will describe the challenges of, and steps taken to successfully collect video ethnographic data during and after caesarean sections. BACKGROUND: Video ethnographic research utilises real-time video footage to study a cultural group or phenomenon in the natural environment. It allows researchers to discover previously undocumented practices, which in-turn provides insight into strengths and weaknesses in practice. This knowledge can be used to translate evidence-based interventions into practice...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828992/relationship-between-irisin-concentration-and-serum-cytokines-in-mother-and-newborn
#17
Maria Hernandez-Trejo, Gerardo Garcia-Rivas, Alejandro Torres-Quintanilla, Estibalitz Laresgoiti-Servitje
INTRODUCTION: Irisin is considered to be a myokine and adipokine that may also participate in reproductive functions, as it increases significantly throughout pregnancy. However, the regulation of circulating irisin and its relationship with other cytokines has not been assessed thus far in pregnant women and their offspring. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in irisin and cytokine concentrations between women at the end of pregnancy and their offspring, as well as the relationship between maternal and newborn irisin and maternal and newborn biomarkers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793111/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes
#18
Marie Rusner, Marie Berg, Cecily Begley
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a mental disorder usually diagnosed between 18 and 30 years of age; this coincides with the period when many women experience pregnancy and childbirth. As specific problems have been reported in pregnancy and childbirth when the mother has BD, a systematic review was carried out to summarise the outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth, in mother and child, when the mother has BD diagnosed before pregnancy. METHODS: An a priori protocol was designed and a systematic search conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO and Cochrane databases in March 2015...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787386/comparison-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-interactive-lectures-in-reducing-anxiety-during-pregnancy-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fariba Salehi, Mehdi Pourasghar, Alireza Khalilian, Zohreh Shahhosseini
BACKGROUND: Anxiety during pregnancy and its adverse effects on mother and baby is a health concern worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the effects of group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) compared with interactive lectures (IL) on anxiety during pregnancy. METHODS: This quasi experimental trial was conducted in Sari city, in north Iran, from March to July 2015. Participants were 91 obstetrically and medically low-risk nulliparous women with a mild to moderate anxiety level, as assessed by Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787342/conditional-cash-transfers-improve-retention-in-pmtct-services-by-mitigating-the-negative-effect-of-not-having-money-to-come-to-the-clinic
#20
Marcel Yotebieng, Kathryn E Moracco, Harsha Thirumurthy, Andrew Edmonds, Martine Tabala, Bienvenu Kawende, Landry K Wenzi, Emile W Okitolonda, Frieda Behets
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the mechanisms by which a cash incentive intervention increases retention in prevention of mother-to-child transmission services. METHODS: We used data from a randomized controlled trial in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Perceptual factors associated with loss to follow-up (LTFU) through 6 weeks postpartum were first identified. Then, binomial models were used to assess interactions between LTFU and identified factors, and the cash incentive intervention...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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