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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914074/detection-of-oil-chestnuts-infected-by-blue-mold-using-near-infrared-hyperspectral-imaging-combined-with-artificial-neural-networks
#1
Lei Feng, Susu Zhu, Fucheng Lin, Zhenzhu Su, Kangpei Yuan, Yiying Zhao, Yong He, Chu Zhang
Mildew damage is a major reason for chestnut poor quality and yield loss. In this study, a near-infrared hyperspectral imaging system in the 874⁻1734 nm spectral range was applied to detect the mildew damage to chestnuts caused by blue mold. Principal component analysis (PCA) scored images were firstly employed to qualitatively and intuitively distinguish moldy chestnuts from healthy chestnuts. Spectral data were extracted from the hyperspectral images. A successive projections algorithm (SPA) was used to select 12 optimal wavelengths...
June 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903487/improved-lung-nodule-diagnosis-accuracy-using-lung-ct-images-with-uncertain-class
#2
Zhiqiong Wang, Junchang Xin, Peishun Sun, Zhixiang Lin, Yudong Yao, Xiaosong Gao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Among all malignant tumors, lung cancer ranks in the top in mortality rate. Pulmonary nodule is the early manifestation of lung cancer, and plays an important role in its discovery, diagnosis and treatment. The technology of medical imaging has encountered a rapid development in recent years, thus the amount of pulmonary nodules can be discovered are on the raise, which means even tiny or minor changes in lung can be recorded by the CT images. This paper proposes a pulmonary nodule computer aided diagnosis (CAD) based on semi-supervised extreme learning machine(SS-ELM)...
August 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891670/neural-network-retuning-and-neural-predictors-of-learning-success-associated-with-cello-training
#3
Indiana Wollman, Virginia Penhune, Melanie Segado, Thibaut Carpentier, Robert J Zatorre
The auditory and motor neural systems are closely intertwined, enabling people to carry out tasks such as playing a musical instrument whose mapping between action and sound is extremely sophisticated. While the dorsal auditory stream has been shown to mediate these audio-motor transformations, little is known about how such mapping emerges with training. Here, we use longitudinal training on a cello as a model for brain plasticity during the acquisition of specific complex skills, including continuous and many-to-one audio-motor mapping, and we investigate individual differences in learning...
June 11, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889958/surgery-at-sea-the-effect-of-simulated-high-sea-states-on-surgical-performance
#4
Eric Pierce, Renato Rapada, Penelope Anne Herder, Anthony J LaPorta, Tuan N Hoang, Mathew Pena, Jeff Blankenship, Jeff Kiser, Sarah Ashley Catlin
BACKGROUND: The US Navy initiated design concepts for a Medical Mission Module Support Container (M3SC), a mobile operating room capable of rapid installation aboard maneuverable ships within proximity of active combat units. The M3SC provides an alternative echelon of care in the current trauma system by decreasing the time between point of injury, arrival, and surgical intervention. The mobile ships used as M3SC platforms, however, are more susceptible to oceanic conditions that can induce detrimental physiologic motion sickness in medical personnel and patients aboard the vessels...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889173/strategies-and-tools-for-public-health-workforce-training-needs-assessments-in-diverse-and-changing-population-health-contexts
#5
Angela A Aidala, Brittney Cavaliere, Samantha Cinnick
CONTEXT: A key component of the improvement of public health infrastructure in the United States revolves around public health workforce development and training. Workforce challenges faced by the public health system have long been recognized, but there are additional challenges facing any region-wide or cross-jurisdictional effort to accurately assess priority workforce training needs and develop training resources to address those needs. These challenges include structural variability of public health organizations; diverse population health contexts; capturing both topic-specific skill sets and foundational competencies among public health workers; and reaching/representing the target population despite suspicion, disinterest, and/or assessment "fatigue" among employees asked to participate in workforce development surveys...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886282/the-aftermath-of-the-kuwait-mosque-bombing-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis-and-lessons-learned
#6
Salman Al Sabah, Nourah Alsharqawi, Eliana Al Haddad
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of terrorist attacks are still recurrent incidents plaguing the middle east region. However, Kuwait has been mostly spared from these attacks over the years. Therefore, when the bombing of the mosque in 2015 happened, it shocked a country that is not prepared for such disasters. Our aim was to present the incident that occurred on that day and on the lessons learned from it. METHODS: A collaborative effort among the hospitals in Kuwait examined the details and outcomes of the initial response to the bombing...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881756/dissemination-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-best-practice-across-the-high-value-healthcare-collaborative-hvhc-using-sepsis-as-a-prototype-rapidly-learning-from-others
#7
Andreas Taenzer, Allison Kinslow, Christine Gorman, Shelley Schoepflin Sanders, Shilpa J Patel, Sally Kraft, Lucy Savitz
The dissemination of evidence-based best practice through the entire health care system remains an elusive goal, despite public pressure and regulatory guidance. Many patients do not receive the same quality of care at different hospitals across the same health care system. We describe the role of a data driven learning collaborative, the High Value Healthcare Collaborative (HVHC), in the dissemination of best practice using adherence to the 3-hour-bundle for sepsis care. Compliance with and adoption of sepsis bundle care elements comparing sites with mature vs non-mature care delivery processes were measured during the improvement effort for a cohort of 20,758 patients...
December 15, 2017: EGEMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881737/framework-to-guide-the-collection-and-use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-the-learning-healthcare-system
#8
Patricia Franklin, Kate Chenok, Danielle Lavalee, Rebecca Love, Liz Paxton, Courtney Segal, Erin Holve
Background: Web-based collection of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in clinical practice is expanding rapidly as electronic health records include web portals for patients to report standardized assessments of their symptoms. As the value of PROMs in patient care expands, a framework to guide the implementation planning, collection, and use of PROs to serve multiple goals and stakeholders is needed. Methods: We identified diverse clinical, quality, and research settings where PROMs have been successfully integrated into care and routinely collected and analyzed drivers of successful implementation...
September 4, 2017: EGEMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877845/machine-learning-in-rehabilitation-assessment-for-thermal-and-heart-rate-data-processing
#9
Ales Prochazka, Hana Charvatova, Saeed Vaseghi, Oldrich Vysata
Multimodal signal analysis based on sophisticated noninvasive sensors, efficient communication systems, and machine learning, have a rapidly increasing range of different applications. The present paper is devoted to pattern recognition and the analysis of physiological data acquired by heart rate and thermal camera sensors during rehabilitation. A total number of 56 experimental data sets, each 40 min long, of the heart rate and breathing temperature recorded on an exercise bike have been processed to determine the fitness level and possible medical disorders...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877012/interventions-using-pediatric-diabetes-registry-data-for-quality-improvement-a-systematic-review
#10
Erica Burry, Noah Ivers, Farid H Mahmud, Rayzel Shulman
BACKGROUND: Diabetes registries contain vast amounts of data that can be used for quality improvement (QI) and are foundational elements of learning health systems; infrastructure to share data, create knowledge rapidly and inform decisions to improve health outcomes. QI interventions using adult diabetes registries are associated with improved glycemic control, complication screening rates, and reduced hospitalizations; pediatric data are limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of QI strategies that use pediatric diabetes registry data on care processes, organization of care, and patient outcomes...
June 7, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875685/a-synergistic-transcriptional-regulation-of-olfactory-genes-drives-blood-feeding-associated-complex-behavioral-responses-in-the-mosquito-anopheles-culicifacies
#11
Tanwee Das De, Tina Thomas, Sonia Verma, Deepak Singla, Charu Chauhan, Vartika Srivastava, Punita Sharma, Seena Kumari, Sanjay Tevatiya, Jyoti Rani, Yasha Hasija, Kailash C Pandey, Rajnikant Dixit
Decoding the molecular basis of host seeking and blood feeding behavioral evolution/adaptation in the adult female mosquitoes may provide an opportunity to design new molecular strategy to disrupt human-mosquito interactions. Although there is a great progress in the field of mosquito olfaction and chemo-detection, little is known about the sex-specific evolution of the specialized olfactory system of adult female mosquitoes that enables them to drive and manage the complex blood-feeding associated behavioral responses...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871948/automatically-identifying-counting-and-describing-wild-animals-in-camera-trap-images-with-deep-learning
#12
Mohammad Sadegh Norouzzadeh, Anh Nguyen, Margaret Kosmala, Alexandra Swanson, Meredith S Palmer, Craig Packer, Jeff Clune
Having accurate, detailed, and up-to-date information about the location and behavior of animals in the wild would improve our ability to study and conserve ecosystems. We investigate the ability to automatically, accurately, and inexpensively collect such data, which could help catalyze the transformation of many fields of ecology, wildlife biology, zoology, conservation biology, and animal behavior into "big data" sciences. Motion-sensor "camera traps" enable collecting wildlife pictures inexpensively, unobtrusively, and frequently...
June 5, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868477/how-big-data-comparative-effectiveness-research-and-rapid-learning-health-care-systems-can-transform-patient-care-in-radiation-oncology
#13
Jason C Sanders, Timothy N Showalter
Big data and comparative effectiveness research methodologies can be applied within the framework of a rapid-learning health-care system (RLHCS) to accelerate discovery and to help turn the dream of fully personalized medicine into a reality. We synthesize recent advances in genomics with trends in big data to provide a forward-looking perspective on the potential of new advances to usher in an era of personalized radiation therapy, with emphases on the power of RLHCS to accelerate discovery and the future of individualized radiation treatment planning...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863548/successful-integration-of-an-academic-electronic-health-record-into-the-curriculum-of-an-associate-degree-nursing-program
#14
Patricia M Baxter, Lesley A Andrew
The use of electronic data management systems is rapidly expanding. Nurses need to be competent in the use of electronic health records (EHRs) and understand their contribution to safe, effective, high quality patient care. Faculty must incorporate learning experiences in the application of EHRs into undergraduate nursing programs in order to adequately prepare students for employment. This article reports the challenges involved in the successful addition of an academic EHR into an existing curriculum.
May 31, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861041/encoding-related-brain-activity-and-accelerated-forgetting-in-transient-epileptic-amnesia
#15
Kathryn E Atherton, Nicola Filippini, Adam Z J Zeman, Anna C Nobre, Christopher R Butler
The accelerated forgetting of newly learned information is common amongst patients with epilepsy and, in particular, in the syndrome of transient epileptic amnesia (TEA). However, the neural mechanisms underlying accelerated forgetting are poorly understood. It has been hypothesised that interictal epileptiform activity during longer retention intervals disrupts normally established memory traces. Here, we tested a distinct hypothesis-that accelerated forgetting relates to the abnormal encoding of memories...
May 17, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859972/locus-coeruleus-activation-accelerates-perceptual-learning
#16
Erin Glennon, Ioana Carcea, Ana Raquel O Martins, Jasmin Multani, Ina Shehu, Mario A Svirsky, Robert C Froemke
Neural representations of the external world are constructed and updated in a manner that depends on behavioral context. For neocortical networks, this contextual information is relayed by a diverse range of neuromodulatory systems, which govern attention and signal the value of internal state variables such as arousal, motivation, and stress. Neuromodulators enable cortical circuits to differentially process specific stimuli and modify synaptic strengths in order to maintain short- or long-term memory traces of significant perceptual events and behavioral episodes...
May 31, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858250/change-management-in-dental-education-a-professional-learning-community
#17
Anthony M Palatta
Professional learning communities (PLCs) are defined as "a group of people sharing and critically interrogating their practice in an ongoing, reflective, collaborative, inclusive, learning-oriented, growth-promoting way." PLCs have been found to be an effective change management strategy in business and education when confronted by rapid change. The American Dental Education Association's Commission on Change and Innovation in Dental Education new national program-ADEA CCI 2.0-includes the development of a PLC...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857354/development-and-evaluation-of-an-online-training-system-for-home-caregivers
#18
Tang Guanxiu, Yin Hang, Yang Shuping, Xiao Meili, Yan Pingping, Liu Wei, Lin Wanli, Lei Jun
With the increasing demands of professional rehabilitation training for home caregivers, to develop a mode of training with widespread applicability has been emphasized. In order to improve life quality of the impaired elderly, we developed an online training system for the home caregivers to learn knowledge and skills for caring the elderly. We also assessed the acceptance and acceptance factors of the online training system. The results showed that our training system was well accepted by the participants...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849612/aquatic-toxic-analysis-by-monitoring-fish-behavior-using-computer-vision-a-recent-progress
#19
REVIEW
Chunlei Xia, Longwen Fu, Zuoyi Liu, Hui Liu, Lingxin Chen, Yuedan Liu
Video tracking based biological early warning system achieved a great progress with advanced computer vision and machine learning methods. Ability of video tracking of multiple biological organisms has been largely improved in recent years. Video based behavioral monitoring has become a common tool for acquiring quantified behavioral data for aquatic risk assessment. Investigation of behavioral responses under chemical and environmental stress has been boosted by rapidly developed machine learning and artificial intelligence...
2018: Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847771/rapid-effects-of-estrogens-on-short-term-memory-possible-mechanisms
#20
REVIEW
Pietro Paletta, Paul A S Sheppard, Richard Matta, Kelsy S J Ervin, Elena Choleris
Estrogens affect learning and memory through rapid and delayed mechanisms. Here we review studies on rapid effects on short-term memory. Estradiol rapidly improves social and object recognition memory, spatial memory, and social learning, when administered systemically. The dorsal hippocampus mediates estrogen rapid facilitation of object, social and spatial short-term memory. The medial amygdala mediates rapid facilitation of social recognition. The three estrogen receptors, α (ERα), β (ERβ) and the G-protein coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) appear to play different roles depending on the task and brain region...
May 27, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
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