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Tania Acosta, Noël C Barengo, Astrid Arrieta, Carlos Ricaurte, Jaakko O Tuomilehto
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) imposes a heavy public health burden in both developed and developing countries. It is necessary to understand the effect of T2D in different settings and population groups. This report aimed to present baseline characteristics of study participants in the demonstration area for the "Type 2 Diabetes Prevention in Barranquilla and Juan Mina" (DEMOJUAN) project after randomization and to compare their fasting and 2-hour glucose levels according to lifestyle and T2D risk factor levels...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Belle Marie Acosta-Bendek, Lucía Patricia Sánchez-Majana, Jennifer Fonseca-Galé, Rocío Posada-Valencia, Mylene Rodríguez-Leyton, Luz Adriana Sarmiento-Rubiano
OBJETIVE: To evaluate the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-D) levels in healthy children under 10 years of the Barranquilla metropolitan area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study in which serum levels of 25-OH-D were analyzed in 360 healthy children from 2014 to 2015. RESULTS: The median value of 25-OH-D serum level was 32.23±8.56 ng/mL; 46.38% of children had vitamin D levels in the insufficient range (<30 ng/mL), while 3...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
Martha Martínez-Banfi, Jorge I Vélez, M Victoria Perea, Ricardo García, Pedro J Puentes-Rozo, Moises Mebarak Chams, Valentina Ladera
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) lead to neurocognitive disorders; however, there is still much knowledge to be gained regarding HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. The purpose of this study was to assess the cognitive performance, instrumental activities of daily living, depression, and anxiety in patients with asymptomatic HIV-1 infections compared with seronegative participants without neurocognitive impairment. We studied a sample consisted of 60 patients with asymptomatic HIV-1 infections and 60 seronegative participants without neurocognitive impairment from the city of Barranquilla, Colombia, with a mean age of 36...
February 7, 2018: AIDS Care
Ramfis Nieto-Martínez, Juan P González-Rivas, Pablo Aschner, Noël C Barengo, Jeffrey I Mechanick
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) imposes a heavy burden in developing countries, requiring effective primary prevention policies. Randomized clinical trials have identified successful strategies in T2D prevention. However, translating these results to real-life scenarios and adapting to ethnocultural differences is a major challenge. Transculturalization allows incorporating cultural factors to diabetes prevention strategies to optimize implementation of clinical trials results. The purpose of this paper is to review the transcultural adaptations developed for T2D prevention in Latin America (LA)...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
Antonio Arnaiz-Villena, Brayan Bayona, Jose Palacio-Gruber, Ennio Hernández, Ester Muñiz, Cristina Campos, Ignacio Juarez, Eduardo Gomez-Casado, Jose Manuel Martín-Villa, Carlos Silvera
America First Inhabitants population (Amerindians, Na Dene and Eskimos) underwent a drastic population reduction and gene exchange after Europeans and Africans arrival after 1492 AD. Barranquilla population may be a good model to study present day population admixture in South America. HLA-A, -B and -DRB1 DNA typing has been performed in 188 unrelated individuals originated in the area and speak Spanish language; they showed apparent European / African and mixed characters. HLA genetic European / African features were found and only 1...
November 9, 2017: Human Immunology
Lesly Tejeda-Benítez, Katia Noguera-Oviedo, Diana S Aga, Jesus Olivero-Verbel
The Magdalena River, the main river of Colombia, receives contaminated effluents from different anthropogenic activities along its path. However, the Magdalena River is used as drinking water source for approximately 30 million inhabitants, as well as a major source of fish for human consumption. Only a few studies have been conducted to evaluate the environmental and toxicological quality of the Magdalena River. To evaluate sediment toxicity, wild-type and GFP transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans were exposed to methanolic extracts, and effects on lethality, locomotion, growth, and gene expression were determined based on fluorescence spectroscopy...
November 2, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jorge L Salinas, Diana M Walteros, Ashley Styczynski, Flavio Garzón, Hernán Quijada, Elsa Bravo, Pablo Chaparro, Javier Madero, Jorge Acosta-Reyes, Jeremy Ledermann, Zuleima Arteta, Erin Borland, Paul Burns, Maritza Gonzalez, Ann M Powers, Marcela Mercado, Alma Solano, James J Sejvar, Martha L Ospina
BACKGROUND: An outbreak of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), a disorder characterized by acute, symmetric limb weakness with decreased or absent deep-tendon reflexes, was reported in Barranquilla, Colombia, after the introduction of Zika virus in 2015. We reviewed clinical data for GBS cases in Barranquilla and performed a case-control investigation to assess the association of suspect and probable Zika virus disease with GBS. METHODS: We used the Brighton Collaboration Criteria to confirm reported GBS patients in Barranquilla during October 2015-April 2016...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Ana Carolina Amaya-Arias, Juan Pablo Alzate, Javier H Eslava-Schmalbach
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at determining the validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL™ 4.0) for the measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Colombian children. METHODS: Validation study of measurement instruments. The PedsQL™ 4.0 was applied by convenience sampling to 375 pairs of children and adolescents between the ages of 5 and 17 and to their parents-caregivers, as well as to 125 parents-caregivers of children between the ages of 2 and 4 in five cities of Colombia (Bogota, Medellin, Cali, Barranquilla and Bucaramanga)...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Miguel Parra-Saavedra, Jennita Reefhuis, Juan Pablo Piraquive, Suzanne M Gilboa, Martina L Badell, Cynthia A Moore, Marcela Mercado, Diana Valencia, Denise J Jamieson, Mauricio Beltran, Magda Sanz-Cortes, Ana Maria Rivera-Casas, Mayel Yepez, Guido Parra, Martha Ospina Martinez, Margaret A Honein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate fetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging findings among a series of pregnant women with confirmed Zika virus infection to evaluate the signs of congenital Zika syndrome with respect to timing of infection. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case series of pregnant women referred to two perinatal clinics in Barranquilla and Ibagué, Colombia, who had findings consistent with congenital Zika syndrome and Zika virus infection confirmed in maternal, fetal, or neonatal samples...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
María Clara Noguera, Patricia Escandón, Elizabeth Castañeda
Cryptococcosis is a major invasive fungal disease related worldwide with the AIDS population. New reports of HIV/AIDS cases to the national public health surveillance system (SIVIGILA) in Colombia have shown that there is a growing community at risk of contracting cryptococcosis throughout the country who do not have access to ART. Even though the most prevalent species Cryptococcus neoformans is mainly associated with the HIV population, we report a fatal case of cryptococcosis in an AIDS patient in Barranquilla, associated with Cryptococcus gattii VGI, isolated from blood culture...
June 1, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Roxana De Las Salas, Daniela Díaz-Agudelo
INTRODUCTION: The appearance of adverse drug reactions in neonates is an important issue due to the lack of drug safety data. OBJECTIVE: To identify the behavior of adverse drug reactions (ADR) in hospitalized neonates at two intensive care units in Barranquilla, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional prospective descriptive study based on patientcentered intensive pharmacosurveillance. We followed up and monitored the appearance of ADRs for six months...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Miguel Á Ortiz-Barrios, Heriberto A Felizzola-Jiménez
Objective To identify and assess the main healthcare issues found in clinics and hospitals in Barranquilla. Methods Descriptive study applied on two populations: clinics [23] and hospitals [5]. A confidence level of 95 % and the alpha level of 5 % and p=0.5 were used in the study. The resulting sample size for clinics and hospitals was 18 and 4, respectively. Clinics and hospitals were randomly and a 21-question survey was designed to find out the status of the different healthcare processes in the Health Care Sector...
August 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
Sherry Towers, Fred Brauer, Carlos Castillo-Chavez, Andrew K I Falconar, Anuj Mubayi, Claudia M E Romero-Vivas
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the Zika arbovirus (ZIKV) began circulating in the Americas, rapidly expanding its global geographic range in explosive outbreaks. Unusual among mosquito-borne diseases, ZIKV has been shown to also be sexually transmitted, although sustained autochthonous transmission due to sexual transmission alone has not been observed, indicating the reproduction number (R0) for sexual transmission alone is less than 1. Critical to the assessment of outbreak risk, estimation of the potential attack rates, and assessment of control measures, are estimates of the basic reproduction number, R0...
December 2016: Epidemics
Roxana de Las Salas, Daniela Díaz-Agudelo, Francisco Javier Burgos-Flórez, Claudia Vaca, Dolores Vanessa Serrano-Meriño
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of adverse drug reactions is an important issue due to the lack of drug safety data in children. OBJECTIVE: To describe the Adverse Drug Reactions in inpatient children under 6 years of age in two general pediatrics wards located in Barranquilla, Colombia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study based on intensive pharmacovigilance was conducted during six months in order to monitor the emergence of Adverse Drug Reactions in inpatients children under 6 years of age with at least one medication prescribed...
September 30, 2016: Colombia Médica: CM
Florence K L Tangka, Sujha Subramanian, Patrick Edwards, Maggie Cole-Beebe, D Maxwell Parkin, Freddie Bray, Rachael Joseph, Les Mery, Mona Saraiya
BACKGROUND: The key aims of this study were to identify sources of support for cancer registry activities, to quantify resource use and estimate costs to operate registries in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) at different stages of development across three continents. METHODS: Using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) International Registry Costing Tool (IntRegCosting Tool), cost and resource use data were collected from eight population-based cancer registries, including one in a low-income country (Uganda [Kampala)]), two in lower to middle-income countries (Kenya [Nairobi] and India [Mumbai]), and five in an upper to middle-income country (Colombia [Pasto, Barranquilla, Bucaramanga, Manizales and Cali cancer registries])...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
Esther de Vries, Constanza Pardo, Nelson Arias, Luis Eduardo Bravo, Edgar Navarro, Claudia Uribe, María Clara Yepez, Daniel Jurado, Luz Stella Garci, Marion Piñeros, Patrick Edwards, Maggie Cole Beebe, Florence Tangka, Sujha Subramanian
BACKGROUND: Maintaining population-based registries requires adequate and sustained resources; however, to date there has been no systematic evaluation to identify the resource needs for cancer registration in most countries, including Colombia. A systematic assessment of the costs can quantify the funding required and identify processes to improve efficiency of cancer registries. METHODS: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) International Registry Costing Tool (IntRegCosting Tool) was tailored specifically for the Colombian registries and was used to collect resource use data from five regional population-based cancer registries: Barranquilla, Bucaramanga, Cali, Manizales, and Pasto...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
David A Rodríguez, Kristien Verdonck, Karen Bissell, Juan José Victoria, Mohammed Khogali, Diana Marín, Ernesto Moreno
Objective To measure time between onset of tuberculosis (TB) symptoms and start of treatment, and to identify factors associated with delay in eight Colombian cities. Methods Operational research with a retrospective analytical cohort design was conducted in 2014 using routinely collected data about new smear-positive pulmonary TB patients from eight cities in Colombia (Barranquilla, Bogotá, Bucaramanga, Cali, Cúcuta, Medellín, Pereira, and Villavicencio). Date of symptom onset was sourced from TB surveillance databases...
January 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Fernando Vásquez, Carles Soler, Patricia Camps, Anthony Valverde, Almudena García-Molina
This work evaluates sperm head morphometric characteristics in adolescents from 12 to 18 years of age, and the effect of varicocele. Volunteers between 150 and 224 months of age (mean 191, n = 87), who had reached oigarche by 12 years old, were recruited in the area of Barranquilla, Colombia. Morphometric analysis of sperm heads was performed with principal component (PC) and discriminant analysis. Combining seminal fluid and sperm parameters provided five PCs: two related to sperm morphometry, one to sperm motility, and two to seminal fluid components...
November 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Martha Ruiz, Isis Arias, Gloria Rolón, Enio Hernández, Pilar Garavito, Carlos Silvera-Redondo
INTRODUCTION: The genetic variability present in the APOE gene polymorphism is considered an important factor associated with predisposition to diseases affecting lipid metabolism, as well as heart diseases and Alzheimer's disease, among others. Understanding it as a risk factor in different populations and ethnic groups is a useful tool.  OBJECTIVE: To analyze the APOE gene polymorphism and determine allelic and genotypic frequencies of a representative sample of population from Barranquilla, Colombia...
March 3, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Eduardo Egea, Gloria Garavito, Luis Fang, Dary Luz Mendoza, José Miguel Escamilla, Elsie De Los Ríos, Rodolfo Dennis, Mario Sánchez-Borges
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common disease in the world and vitamin D (Vit-D) has been associated with the presence and severity of this disease. OBJECTIVE: To establish the association between levels of Vit-D and IgE response in schoolchildren with asthma living in four cities in Colombia. METHODS: Case-control study in 1340 schoolchildren (687 asthmatic and 653 controls) from communities in extreme poverty in Barranquilla, Cartagena, Santa Marta, and Montería...
July 2016: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
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