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Fernando Vásquez, Carles Soler, Patricia Camps, Anthony Valverde, Almudena GarcIa-Molina
This work evaluates sperm head morphometric characteristics in adolescents from 12 to 18 years of age, and the effect of varicocele. Volunteers between 150 and 224 months of age (mean 191, n = 87), who had reached oigarche by 12 years old, were recruited in the area of Barranquilla, Colombia. Morphometric analysis of sperm heads was performed with principal component (PC) and discriminant analysis. Combining seminal fluid and sperm parameters provided five PCs: two related to sperm morphometry, one to sperm motility, and two to seminal fluid components...
September 30, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Martha Ruiz, Isis Arias, Gloria Rolón, Enio Hernández, Pilar Garavito, Carlos Silvera-Redondo
INTRODUCTION: The genetic variability present in the APOE gene polymorphism is considered an important factor associated with predisposition to diseases affecting lipid metabolism, as well as heart diseases and Alzheimer's disease, among others. Understanding it as a risk factor in different populations and ethnic groups is a useful tool.  OBJECTIVE: To analyze the APOE gene polymorphism and determine allelic and genotypic frequencies of a representative sample of population from Barranquilla, Colombia...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Eduardo Egea, Gloria Garavito, Luis Fang, Dary Luz Mendoza, José Miguel Escamilla, Elsie De Los Ríos, Rodolfo Dennis, Mario Sánchez-Borges
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common disease in the world and vitamin D (Vit-D) has been associated with the presence and severity of this disease. OBJECTIVE: To establish the association between levels of Vit-D and IgE response in schoolchildren with asthma living in four cities in Colombia. METHODS: Case-control study in 1340 schoolchildren (687 asthmatic and 653 controls) from communities in extreme poverty in Barranquilla, Cartagena, Santa Marta, and Montería...
July 2016: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
Amparo Ruiz-Saurí, Gerardo Valencia-Villa, Alina Romanenko, Jesús Pérez, Raúl García, Heydi García, José Benavent, María Sancho-Tello, Carmen Carda, Antonio Llombart-Bosch
Increased angiogenesis is related to boosted growth and malignancy in carcinomas. "Chronic Persistent Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation" (CPLDIR) exposure increases incidence and aggressive behavior of clear-cell renal-cell carcinoma (CCRCC). The aim was to study the biology of angiogenesis, including microvessel density (MVD), in human clear-cell renal-cell carcinomas (CCRCC) originating from a radio-contaminated geographical area (Ukraine) and to compare with similar tumors diagnosed in non-contaminated regions of Europe (Spain, Valencia) and Latin America (Colombia, Barranquilla)...
October 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Carlos Gelormini-Lezama, David Huepe, Eduar Herrera, Margherita Melloni, Facundo Manes, Adolfo M García, Agustín Ibáñez
The overt pronoun constraint (OPC) states that, in null subject languages, overt pronoun subjects of embedded clauses cannot be bound by wh- or quantifier antecedents. Through the administration of two written questionnaires, we examined the OPC in 246 monolingual native speakers of three dialects of Spanish, spoken in Barranquilla (Colombia), Santiago (Chile), and Buenos Aires (Argentina). We tested separately the predictions that overt pronouns cannot be bound by wh- antecedents (Experiment 1) and that they cannot be bound by quantifier antecedents (Experiment 2)...
August 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Martha Elena Peñuela-Epalza, Daniela Alejandra Páez-Jiménez, Laura Del Carmen Castro-Cantillo, Joyce Carolina Harvey-Ortega, Javier Alexander Eljach-Cartagena, Luis Alejandro Banquett-Henao
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia, a sleep disorder that affects both individual and public health, has not been studied in Barranquilla. Prior studies about the effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields on sleep disorders are controversial. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of insomnia symptoms in adults aged 18 to 60 years and its relation to the presence and intensity of electromagnetic fields in two neighborhoods of Barranquilla, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 220 households located in two neighborhoods of Barranquilla, one with high exposure to radio and cell phone antennas and the other one with low exposure...
August 2015: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Carlos Pineda, Carlo V Caballero-Uribe, Marwin Gutiérrez, Tomás Cazenave, Mario H Cardiel, Roger Levy, Graciela Espada, Carlos Rose, Pedro Santos-Moreno, Bernardo A Pons-Estel, Roberto Muñoz-Louis, Enrique R Soriano, John D Reveille
The First PANLAR Rheumatology Review Course was held in Barranquilla, Colombia, in April 2015. Researchers, rheumatologists, epidemiologists, and a variety of allied professionals and patients attended the meeting. The scientific program included plenary sessions and symposia delivered by renowned experts in the field, followed by an interactive forum of discussion during 2 days.A broad spectrum of topics was discussed, reflecting the current challenges and opportunities for diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Latin America...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Martha Lucía Rubio Mendoza, Jerry Owen Jacobson, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Clara Ángela Sierra Alarcón, Ricardo Luque Núñez
BACKGROUND: Among Latin America's concentrated HIV epidemics, little is known about men who have sex with men (MSM) in Colombia, the region's third largest country. To date, surveillance studies have been limited to Bogota, while 80% of HIV cases and deaths originate from Colombia's other cities and departments. The extent to which interventions should prioritize MSM outside of Bogota is unknown. METHODS: We recruited 2603 MSM using respondent-driven sampling from seven of Colombia's largest cities...
2015: PloS One
Bernd Lamprecht, Joan B Soriano, Michael Studnicka, Bernhard Kaiser, Lowie E Vanfleteren, Louisa Gnatiuc, Peter Burney, Marc Miravitlles, Francisco García-Rio, Kaveh Akbari, Julio Ancochea, Ana M Menezes, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, Maria Montes de Oca, Carlos A Torres-Duque, Andres Caballero, Mauricio González-García, Sonia Buist
BACKGROUND: COPD ranks within the top three causes of mortality in the global burden of disease, yet it remains largely underdiagnosed. We assessed the underdiagnosis of COPD and its determinants in national and international surveys of general populations. METHODS: We analyzed representative samples of adults aged ≥ 40 years randomly selected from well-defined administrative areas worldwide (44 sites from 27 countries). Postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC < lower limit of normal (LLN) was used to define chronic airflow limitation consistent with COPD...
October 2015: Chest
Juan Manuel De La Hoz, Laura Bolaño, Oriana Cárdenas, Robertulio González, José Sabbag, Lucy Palacio, Luz Marina Alonso, Homero San-Juan-Vergara, Guillermo Cervantes-Acosta
BACKGROUND: Treatment failure (TF) in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is always a concern. OBJECTIVE: To examine the correlates associated with TF in patients living in the Colombian Caribbean city of Barranquilla, an aspect that was poorly studied in this region. METHODS: Treatment failure was evaluated in a cross-sectional study from virological, immunological and clinical standpoints...
October 2014: Colombia Médica: CM
Isaac E Kuzmar, Ernesto Cortés-Castell, Mercedes Rizo
Objective. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of telenutrition versus traditional nutritional consultations for female obese patients in need of nutritional treatment. Methods. A comparative clinical study was conducted among 233 obese or overweight women (including 20 who dropped out and 60 who failed) who consulted a nutrition clinic in Barranquilla (Colombia) for nutritional assessment and chose either telenutrition or a traditional consultation that included a weekly follow-up consultation over 16 weeks, food consumption patterns, Body Mass Index (BMI, kg/m(2)) registeration and waist and hip circumference registeration...
2015: PeerJ
Isaac Kuzmar, Ernesto Cortés, Mercedes Rizo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if there is a relation between age groups, menarche, menstrual cycles and previous pregnancies with the success of weight loss in obese patients at a nutrition clinic. METHODS: A clinical intervention study was conducted among overweight and obese patients who consulted a nutrition clinic in Barranquilla (Colombia) for the purpose of nutritional assessment. They were subject to a personalized weekly follow-up consultation over the course of 16 weeks in which food consumption patterns, anthropometric measures, body image and self-perception were registered...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Esperanza Trujillo, Teresa Martínez, María Mercedes Bravo
INTRODUCTION: The overall prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection is high in Colombia; however, in the country´s Andean region, gastric cancer rates far surpass those in coastal areas. Helicobacter pylori genotypes cagA positive and vacA s1 and m1 are associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer. OBJECTIVE: To compare the distribution of H. pylori genotypes associated with virulence in two regions in Colombia with opposing risk for gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and one gastric antral biopsies were obtained and analyzed from 401 individuals diagnosed with non-atrophic gastritis, atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia: 256 came from the high-risk area cities of Tunja and Bogotá, and 145 from the low-risk area cities of Barranquilla, Santa Marta and Cartagena...
October 2014: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Constanza Pardo, Luis Eduardo Bravo, Claudia Uribe, Guillermo Lopez, Maria Clara Yepez, Edgar Navarro, Esther de Vries, Marion Pineros
BACKGROUND: In the global context, the establishment of population-based cancer registries, particularly in less developed regions, has become of strategic importance. The factors influencing the operation and sustainability of registries can be determinants for their success, despite the existence of uniform quality indicators in the cancer incidence information. Our objective was to determine the current state of the structure, organization and operation of populationbased cancer registries in Colombia, obtain information on their degree of development and identify specific problems that affect their operation and sustainability...
2014: Journal of Registry Management
M E McCown, A Alleman, K A Sayler, R Chandrashekar, B Thatcher, P Tyrrell, B Stillman, M Beall, A F Barbet
BACKGROUND: Based on the high tick-borne pathogen results from a 2011 surveillance study in three Colombian cities, an in-depth point prevalence survey was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of tick-borne pathogens at a specific point in time in 70 working dogs, 101 shelter dogs, and 47 client-owned dogs in Barranquilla, Colombia. RESULTS: Of the 218 serum samples, 163 (74%) were positive for Ehrlichia canis and 116 (53%) for Anaplasma platys. Exposure to tick-borne pathogens was highest in shelter and working dogs where more than 90% of the samples were seropositive or positive on polymerase chain reaction for one or more organisms as compared to 51% in client-owned animals...
2014: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Yisel Pinillos-Patiño, Edgar Prieto-Suárez, Yaneth Herazo-Beltrán
OBJECTIVE: Determining elderly people's level of participation in social and recreational activities in Barranquilla, Colombia. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study involving 469 elderly people; a basic activities of daily living scale, which had been adapted to the ongoing activities being carried out in the pertinent scenarios, was used for evaluating their level of participation in social and recreational activities. Bivariate analysis was used for estimating the relationship between level of participation and age-range and coexistence, using OR and χ2 tests...
November 2013: Revista de Salud Pública
Isaac Kuzmar, Mercedes Rizo, Ernesto Cortés-Castell
Objective. To explore anthropometric changes in normal-weight, overweight and obese subjects who did not dropout or fail a weight loss program over the 16 treatment weeks to improve patient motivation and treatment adherence. Methods. A clinical intervention study was conducted among 271 (including 100 dropouts and/or failures) obese and overweight patients who consulted a nutrition clinic in Barranquilla (Colombia) for the purpose of nutritional assessment. They were subject to a personalized weekly follow-up consultation over the course of 16 weeks in which initial and the final Body Mass Index (BMI, kg/m(2)), photographs, food consumption patterns, percentage weight loss, waist and hip circumference were registered and grouped according to BMI, measuring treatment response...
2014: PeerJ
Jean David Polo, Alberto De Castro, María Amarís
This article is the result of integration between a theoretical analysis and a qualitative approximation to the field about the experience of well-being. It presents the results of an investigation and its principal purpose was to examine the state and experience of well-being in the professionals who support victims of political or familiar conflicts during their social-integration processes. For this purpose, the researchers approached lived discourses, analyzed the context of the participants in the investigation in order to clarify direct and subjective experiences...
January 2015: Community Mental Health Journal
Enrique Vergara-Amador, Rafael Fernando Serrano Sánchez, Juan Rafael Correa Posada, Adriana Carolina Molano, Oscar A Guevara
INTRODUCTION: Children present with flatfoot from birth and it resolves along infancy. There have been several risk factors identified for the development of flatfoot: male sex, young age, overweight and obesity. The prevalence of flatfoot decreases with age. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of flatfoot in two different populations with different social, cultural and geographically characteristics in Colombia. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study made on school children between 3 to 10 years of age, from several schools in Bogota and Barranquilla...
April 2012: Colombia Médica: CM
André N Roth-Deubel, Gloria Molina-Marín
OBJECTIVE: Analysing decision-making concerning public health issues regarding the Colombian healthcare system from a market economy-based approach. METHODS: This study involved applying Glaser and Strauss's grounded theory in six Colombian cities during 2012: Bogotá, Barranquilla, Bucaramanga, Leticia, Medellin and Pasto. 120 individual interviews were conducted with professionals involved in decision-making, running public healthcare programmes and making policy within public and private institutions...
January 2013: Revista de Salud Pública
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