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Sherry Towers, Fred Brauer, Carlos Castillo-Chavez, Andrew K I Falconar, Anuj Mubayi, Claudia M E Romero-Vivas
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the Zika arbovirus (ZIKV) began circulating in the Americas, rapidly expanding its global geographic range in explosive outbreaks. Unusual among mosquito-borne diseases, ZIKV has been shown to also be sexually transmitted, although sustained autochthonous transmission due to sexual transmission alone has not been observed, indicating the reproduction number (R0) for sexual transmission alone is less than 1. Critical to the assessment of outbreak risk, estimation of the potential attack rates, and assessment of control measures, are estimates of the basic reproduction number, R0...
December 2016: Epidemics
Roxana de Las Salas, Daniela Díaz-Agudelo, Francisco Javier Burgos-Flórez, Claudia Vaca, Dolores Vanessa Serrano-Meriño
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of adverse drug reactions is an important issue due to the lack of drug safety data in children. OBJECTIVE: To describe the Adverse Drug Reactions in inpatient children under 6 years of age in two general pediatrics wards located in Barranquilla, Colombia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study based on intensive pharmacovigilance was conducted during six months in order to monitor the emergence of Adverse Drug Reactions in inpatients children under 6 years of age with at least one medication prescribed...
September 30, 2016: Colombia Médica: CM
Florence K L Tangka, Sujha Subramanian, Patrick Edwards, Maggie Cole-Beebe, D Maxwell Parkin, Freddie Bray, Rachael Joseph, Les Mery, Mona Saraiya
BACKGROUND: The key aims of this study were to identify sources of support for cancer registry activities, to quantify resource use and estimate costs to operate registries in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) at different stages of development across three continents. METHODS: Using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) International Registry Costing Tool (IntRegCosting Tool), cost and resource use data were collected from eight population-based cancer registries, including one in a low-income country (Uganda [Kampala)]), two in lower to middle-income countries (Kenya [Nairobi] and India [Mumbai]), and five in an upper to middle-income country (Colombia [Pasto, Barranquilla, Bucaramanga, Manizales and Cali cancer registries])...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
Esther de Vries, Constanza Pardo, Nelson Arias, Luis Eduardo Bravo, Edgar Navarro, Claudia Uribe, María Clara Yepez, Daniel Jurado, Luz Stella Garci, Marion Piñeros, Patrick Edwards, Maggie Cole Beebe, Florence Tangka, Sujha Subramanian
BACKGROUND: Maintaining population-based registries requires adequate and sustained resources; however, to date there has been no systematic evaluation to identify the resource needs for cancer registration in most countries, including Colombia. A systematic assessment of the costs can quantify the funding required and identify processes to improve efficiency of cancer registries. METHODS: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) International Registry Costing Tool (IntRegCosting Tool) was tailored specifically for the Colombian registries and was used to collect resource use data from five regional population-based cancer registries: Barranquilla, Bucaramanga, Cali, Manizales, and Pasto...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
David A Rodríguez, Kristien Verdonck, Karen Bissell, Juan José Victoria, Mohammed Khogali, Diana Marín, Ernesto Moreno
Objective To measure time between onset of tuberculosis (TB) symptoms and start of treatment, and to identify factors associated with delay in eight Colombian cities. Methods Operational research with a retrospective analytical cohort design was conducted in 2014 using routinely collected data about new smear-positive pulmonary TB patients from eight cities in Colombia (Barranquilla, Bogotá, Bucaramanga, Cali, Cúcuta, Medellín, Pereira, and Villavicencio). Date of symptom onset was sourced from TB surveillance databases...
January 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Fernando Vásquez, Carles Soler, Patricia Camps, Anthony Valverde, Almudena García-Molina
This work evaluates sperm head morphometric characteristics in adolescents from 12 to 18 years of age, and the effect of varicocele. Volunteers between 150 and 224 months of age (mean 191, n = 87), who had reached oigarche by 12 years old, were recruited in the area of Barranquilla, Colombia. Morphometric analysis of sperm heads was performed with principal component (PC) and discriminant analysis. Combining seminal fluid and sperm parameters provided five PCs: two related to sperm morphometry, one to sperm motility, and two to seminal fluid components...
November 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Martha Ruiz, Isis Arias, Gloria Rolón, Enio Hernández, Pilar Garavito, Carlos Silvera-Redondo
INTRODUCTION: The genetic variability present in the APOE gene polymorphism is considered an important factor associated with predisposition to diseases affecting lipid metabolism, as well as heart diseases and Alzheimer's disease, among others. Understanding it as a risk factor in different populations and ethnic groups is a useful tool.  OBJECTIVE: To analyze the APOE gene polymorphism and determine allelic and genotypic frequencies of a representative sample of population from Barranquilla, Colombia...
March 3, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Eduardo Egea, Gloria Garavito, Luis Fang, Dary Luz Mendoza, José Miguel Escamilla, Elsie De Los Ríos, Rodolfo Dennis, Mario Sánchez-Borges
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common disease in the world and vitamin D (Vit-D) has been associated with the presence and severity of this disease. OBJECTIVE: To establish the association between levels of Vit-D and IgE response in schoolchildren with asthma living in four cities in Colombia. METHODS: Case-control study in 1340 schoolchildren (687 asthmatic and 653 controls) from communities in extreme poverty in Barranquilla, Cartagena, Santa Marta, and Montería...
July 2016: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
Amparo Ruiz-Saurí, Gerardo Valencia-Villa, Alina Romanenko, Jesús Pérez, Raúl García, Heydi García, José Benavent, María Sancho-Tello, Carmen Carda, Antonio Llombart-Bosch
Increased angiogenesis is related to boosted growth and malignancy in carcinomas. "Chronic Persistent Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation" (CPLDIR) exposure increases incidence and aggressive behavior of clear-cell renal-cell carcinoma (CCRCC). The aim was to study the biology of angiogenesis, including microvessel density (MVD), in human clear-cell renal-cell carcinomas (CCRCC) originating from a radio-contaminated geographical area (Ukraine) and to compare with similar tumors diagnosed in non-contaminated regions of Europe (Spain, Valencia) and Latin America (Colombia, Barranquilla)...
October 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Carlos Gelormini-Lezama, David Huepe, Eduar Herrera, Margherita Melloni, Facundo Manes, Adolfo M García, Agustín Ibáñez
The overt pronoun constraint (OPC) states that, in null subject languages, overt pronoun subjects of embedded clauses cannot be bound by wh- or quantifier antecedents. Through the administration of two written questionnaires, we examined the OPC in 246 monolingual native speakers of three dialects of Spanish, spoken in Barranquilla (Colombia), Santiago (Chile), and Buenos Aires (Argentina). We tested separately the predictions that overt pronouns cannot be bound by wh- antecedents (Experiment 1) and that they cannot be bound by quantifier antecedents (Experiment 2)...
August 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Martha Elena Peñuela-Epalza, Daniela Alejandra Páez-Jiménez, Laura Del Carmen Castro-Cantillo, Joyce Carolina Harvey-Ortega, Javier Alexander Eljach-Cartagena, Luis Alejandro Banquett-Henao
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia, a sleep disorder that affects both individual and public health, has not been studied in Barranquilla. Prior studies about the effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields on sleep disorders are controversial. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of insomnia symptoms in adults aged 18 to 60 years and its relation to the presence and intensity of electromagnetic fields in two neighborhoods of Barranquilla, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 220 households located in two neighborhoods of Barranquilla, one with high exposure to radio and cell phone antennas and the other one with low exposure...
August 2015: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Carlos Pineda, Carlo V Caballero-Uribe, Marwin Gutiérrez, Tomás Cazenave, Mario H Cardiel, Roger Levy, Graciela Espada, Carlos Rose, Pedro Santos-Moreno, Bernardo A Pons-Estel, Roberto Muñoz-Louis, Enrique R Soriano, John D Reveille
The First PANLAR Rheumatology Review Course was held in Barranquilla, Colombia, in April 2015. Researchers, rheumatologists, epidemiologists, and a variety of allied professionals and patients attended the meeting. The scientific program included plenary sessions and symposia delivered by renowned experts in the field, followed by an interactive forum of discussion during 2 days.A broad spectrum of topics was discussed, reflecting the current challenges and opportunities for diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Latin America...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Martha Lucía Rubio Mendoza, Jerry Owen Jacobson, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Clara Ángela Sierra Alarcón, Ricardo Luque Núñez
BACKGROUND: Among Latin America's concentrated HIV epidemics, little is known about men who have sex with men (MSM) in Colombia, the region's third largest country. To date, surveillance studies have been limited to Bogota, while 80% of HIV cases and deaths originate from Colombia's other cities and departments. The extent to which interventions should prioritize MSM outside of Bogota is unknown. METHODS: We recruited 2603 MSM using respondent-driven sampling from seven of Colombia's largest cities...
2015: PloS One
Bernd Lamprecht, Joan B Soriano, Michael Studnicka, Bernhard Kaiser, Lowie E Vanfleteren, Louisa Gnatiuc, Peter Burney, Marc Miravitlles, Francisco García-Rio, Kaveh Akbari, Julio Ancochea, Ana M Menezes, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, Maria Montes de Oca, Carlos A Torres-Duque, Andres Caballero, Mauricio González-García, Sonia Buist
BACKGROUND: COPD ranks within the top three causes of mortality in the global burden of disease, yet it remains largely underdiagnosed. We assessed the underdiagnosis of COPD and its determinants in national and international surveys of general populations. METHODS: We analyzed representative samples of adults aged ≥ 40 years randomly selected from well-defined administrative areas worldwide (44 sites from 27 countries). Postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC < lower limit of normal (LLN) was used to define chronic airflow limitation consistent with COPD...
October 2015: Chest
Juan Manuel De La Hoz, Laura Bolaño, Oriana Cárdenas, Robertulio González, José Sabbag, Lucy Palacio, Luz Marina Alonso, Homero San-Juan-Vergara, Guillermo Cervantes-Acosta
BACKGROUND: Treatment failure (TF) in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is always a concern. OBJECTIVE: To examine the correlates associated with TF in patients living in the Colombian Caribbean city of Barranquilla, an aspect that was poorly studied in this region. METHODS: Treatment failure was evaluated in a cross-sectional study from virological, immunological and clinical standpoints...
October 2014: Colombia Médica: CM
Isaac E Kuzmar, Ernesto Cortés-Castell, Mercedes Rizo
Objective. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of telenutrition versus traditional nutritional consultations for female obese patients in need of nutritional treatment. Methods. A comparative clinical study was conducted among 233 obese or overweight women (including 20 who dropped out and 60 who failed) who consulted a nutrition clinic in Barranquilla (Colombia) for nutritional assessment and chose either telenutrition or a traditional consultation that included a weekly follow-up consultation over 16 weeks, food consumption patterns, Body Mass Index (BMI, kg/m(2)) registeration and waist and hip circumference registeration...
2015: PeerJ
Isaac Kuzmar, Ernesto Cortés, Mercedes Rizo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if there is a relation between age groups, menarche, menstrual cycles and previous pregnancies with the success of weight loss in obese patients at a nutrition clinic. METHODS: A clinical intervention study was conducted among overweight and obese patients who consulted a nutrition clinic in Barranquilla (Colombia) for the purpose of nutritional assessment. They were subject to a personalized weekly follow-up consultation over the course of 16 weeks in which food consumption patterns, anthropometric measures, body image and self-perception were registered...
October 30, 2014: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Esperanza Trujillo, Teresa Martínez, María Mercedes Bravo
INTRODUCTION: The overall prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection is high in Colombia; however, in the country´s Andean region, gastric cancer rates far surpass those in coastal areas. Helicobacter pylori genotypes cagA positive and vacA s1 and m1 are associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer. OBJECTIVE: To compare the distribution of H. pylori genotypes associated with virulence in two regions in Colombia with opposing risk for gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and one gastric antral biopsies were obtained and analyzed from 401 individuals diagnosed with non-atrophic gastritis, atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia: 256 came from the high-risk area cities of Tunja and Bogotá, and 145 from the low-risk area cities of Barranquilla, Santa Marta and Cartagena...
October 2014: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Constanza Pardo, Luis Eduardo Bravo, Claudia Uribe, Guillermo Lopez, Maria Clara Yepez, Edgar Navarro, Esther de Vries, Marion Pineros
BACKGROUND: In the global context, the establishment of population-based cancer registries, particularly in less developed regions, has become of strategic importance. The factors influencing the operation and sustainability of registries can be determinants for their success, despite the existence of uniform quality indicators in the cancer incidence information. Our objective was to determine the current state of the structure, organization and operation of populationbased cancer registries in Colombia, obtain information on their degree of development and identify specific problems that affect their operation and sustainability...
2014: Journal of Registry Management
M E McCown, A Alleman, K A Sayler, R Chandrashekar, B Thatcher, P Tyrrell, B Stillman, M Beall, A F Barbet
BACKGROUND: Based on the high tick-borne pathogen results from a 2011 surveillance study in three Colombian cities, an in-depth point prevalence survey was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of tick-borne pathogens at a specific point in time in 70 working dogs, 101 shelter dogs, and 47 client-owned dogs in Barranquilla, Colombia. RESULTS: Of the 218 serum samples, 163 (74%) were positive for Ehrlichia canis and 116 (53%) for Anaplasma platys. Exposure to tick-borne pathogens was highest in shelter and working dogs where more than 90% of the samples were seropositive or positive on polymerase chain reaction for one or more organisms as compared to 51% in client-owned animals...
2014: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
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