keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bloodstream infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353119/diagnostic-and-predictive-values-of-procalcitonin-in-bloodstream-infections-for-nosocomial-pneumonia
#1
Sheng Tao Yan, Li Chao Sun, Rui Lian, Yong Kang Tao, Hong Bo Zhang, Guoqiang Zhang
PURPOSE: We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of PCT to distinguish between gram-negative (GN) and gram-positive (GP) bloodstream infections nosocomial pneumonia (NP) patients and compared PCT levels with the pneumonia severity index (PSI) for predicting mortality. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively for blood culture-positive NP patients between January 2014 and August 2016. PCT levels were compared between patients with GN versus GP infections. Outcome variables included 28- and 60-day mortality...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352697/venous-ports-in-infants
#2
Michael Acord, Anne Marie Cahill, Ganesh Krishnamurthy, Seth Vatsky, Marc Keller, Abhay Srinivasan
PURPOSE: To evaluate technical success and the incidences of, and risk factors for, mechanical and infectious complications of venous port placement in infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective single-institution cohort study of port placement in infants (age < 1 y) from January 2006 through June 2016 (mean age, 7.5 mo ± 3.3; mean weight, 8.1 kg ± 1.9). Age, weight, sex, side of placement, tip position, and indication for placement (chemotherapy vs other) were recorded...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351771/characterization-of-salmonella-enterica-from-invasive-bloodstream-infections-and-water-sources-in-rural-ghana
#3
Denise Dekker, Ralf Krumkamp, Daniel Eibach, Nimako Sarpong, Kennedy Gyau Boahen, Michael Frimpong, Elina Fechtner, Sven Poppert, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Norbert Georg Schwarz, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Justin Im, Florian Marks, Hagen Frickmann, Jürgen May
BACKGROUND: Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) cause the majority of bloodstream infections in Ghana, however the mode of transmission and source of invasive NTS in Africa are poorly understood. This study compares NTS from water sources and invasive bloodstream infections in rural Ghana. METHODS: Blood from hospitalised, febrile children and samples from drinking water sources were analysed for Salmonella spp. Strains were serotyped to trace possible epidemiological links between human and water-derived isolates...
January 19, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348921/genetic-characteristics-of-vana-type-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecalis-and-enterococcus-faecium-in-cuba
#4
D Quiñones, M S Aung, J P Sousa Martins, N Urushibara, N Kobayashi
VanA-type vancomycin-resistant enterococci isolates from bloodstream infections in Cuba were genetically characterized. Enterococcus faecalis isolates were assigned to sequence type (ST) 28, closely related to Eastern Europe, while Enterococcus faecium belonged to ST262, ST656 and ST1349, and showed different genetic profiles.
January 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344355/impact-of-an-antifungal-stewardship-intervention-on-optimization-of-candidemia-management
#5
Hana Rac, Jamie L Wagner, S Travis King, Katie E Barber, Kayla R Stover
Background: Candidemia represents a leading cause of healthcare-associated bloodstream infections with significant morbidity and mortality. Previous studies have demonstrated that comprehensive care bundles improve candidemia management but are time-consuming. Objective: To determine the impact of a one-time targeted candidemia intervention on time to initiation of adequate therapy compared to standard of care. Methods: This Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved, quasi-experiment evaluated a targeted candidemia intervention involving a single phone call to the primary team providing recommendations for care...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343540/point-counterpoint-meningitis-encephalitis-syndromic-testing-in-the-clinical-laboratory
#6
Jennifer Dien Bard, Kevin Alby
"I'm not telling you it's going to be easy. I'm telling you it's going to be worth it"- Art WilliamsFor the most part, syndromic testing by multiplex molecular panels has been a welcome addition to the diagnostic laboratory. The first three panels available addressed syndromes associated with upper respiratory tract infections, bloodstream infections and gastroenteritis, with adoption of the first two panels being the most widespread. Multiple studies have been published on the performance characteristics of these syndromic panels as well as the impact on turn-around-time (TAT), increased pathogen detection, and antimicrobial use...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343037/-mechanisms-of-fosfomycin-resistance-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-producing-escherichia-coli-and-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#7
Y J Xu, J J Quan, K R Shi, Y S Yu
Objective: To study the in vitro activity of fosfomycin to extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae and to explore the mechanisms of fosfomycin resistance. Methods: A total of 1 052 ESBLs-producing E. coli(ESBL-EC) and K. pneumoniae(ESBL-KP) isolates were collected from bloodstream infections of 28 hospitals of 22 provinces and municipalities, which were stored by our laboratory.Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of fosfomycin against these clinical isolates were determined by agar dilution methods according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)(2015)...
January 9, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341890/periodontal-diseases-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-is-there-a-role-for-vitamin-d
#8
REVIEW
Anne Marie Uwitonze, Peace Uwambaye, Moses Isyagi, Chrispinus H Mumena, Alice Hudder, Afrozul Haq, Kamrun Nessa, Mohammed S Razzaque
Studies have shown a relationship between maternal periodontal diseases (PDs) and premature delivery. PDs are commonly encountered oral diseases which cause progressive damage to the periodontal ligament and alveolar bones, leading to loss of teeth and oral disabilities. PDs also adversely affect general health by worsening cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Moreover, maternal PDs are thought to be related to increasing the frequency of preterm-birth with low birth weight (PBLBW) new-borns. Prematurity and immaturity are the leading causes of prenatal and infant mortality and is a major public health problem around the world...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340455/central-venous-catheter-related-infections-in-patients-receiving-short-term-hemodialysis-therapy-incidence-associated-factors-and-microbiological-aspects
#9
Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Natália Cristina Betoni, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Elen Almeida Romão
INTRODUCTION: Bloodstream infections are the second most common cause of death among patients on hemodialysis. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of and risk factors associated with central venous catheter-related infections in patients undergoing hemodialysis, and to identify and characterize the type and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the primary microorganisms isolated during one year of follow-up. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 2014 in a hemodialysis referral center...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339295/characteristics-of-clinical-and-environmental-vanm-carrying-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-isolates-from-an-infected-patient
#10
Gensheng Zhang, Xiuhui Lin, Jiachang Cai, Rong Zhang, Huiqing Xiu, Baoping Tian, Wei Cui
vanM, an uncommon glycopeptide resistance gene, was first identified in an Enterococcus faecium isolate from Shanghai, China in 2006 and has been predominant in this city since 2011. We isolated a vanM-carrying E. faecium from bloodstream of a patient in an intensive care unit (ICU) in Hangzhou, China in 2014. Further surveillance screening of a rectal swab and environmental surfaces of the patient yielded a large number of vanM-positive E. faecium. These isolates (including 1 from bloodstream, 1 from the rectal swab, and 43 representatives from environmental samples) were classified into 4 PFGE patterns and 2 sequence types (ST78 and ST564)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339200/preventing-healthcare-associated-gram-negative-bloodstream-infections
#11
EDITORIAL
James Gray, Beryl Oppenheim, Nikunj Mahida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338786/a-systematic-review-of-transfusion-transmitted-malaria-in-non-endemic-areas
#12
Federica Verra, Andrea Angheben, Elisa Martello, Giovanni Giorli, Francesca Perandin, Zeno Bisoffi
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-transmitted malaria (TTM) is an accidental Plasmodium infection caused by whole blood or a blood component transfusion from a malaria infected donor to a recipient. Infected blood transfusions directly release malaria parasites in the recipient's bloodstream triggering the development of high risk complications, and potentially leading to a fatal outcome especially in individuals with no previous exposure to malaria or in immuno-compromised patients. A systematic review was conducted on TTM case reports in non-endemic areas to describe the epidemiological characteristics of blood donors and recipients...
January 16, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338592/whole-genome-sequencing-characterization-of-bloodstream-infection-causing-hypervirulent-klebsiella-pneumoniae-of-capsular-serotype-k2-and-st374
#13
Xiaoli Wang, Yingzhou Xie, Gang Li, Jialin Liu, Xiaobin Li, Lijun Tian, Jingyong Sun, Hong-Yu Ou, Hongping Qu
Hypervirulent K. pneumoniae variants (hvKP) have been increasingly reported worldwide, causing metastasis of severe infections such as liver abscesses and bacteremia. The capsular serotype K2 hvKP strains show diverse multi-locus sequence types (MLSTs), but with limited genetics and virulence information. In this study, we report a hypermucoviscous K. pneumoniae strain, RJF293, isolated from a human bloodstream sample in a Chinese hospital. It caused a metastatic infection and fatal septic shock in a critical patient...
January 17, 2018: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338079/nutrition-delivery-and-growth-outcomes-in-infants-with-gastroschisis
#14
Charles R Hong, David Zurakowski, Brenna S Fullerton, Katelyn Ariagno, Tom Jaksic, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe nutrient intake and growth in infants with gastroschisis and identify factors associated with impaired growth. METHODS: Retrospective study of neonates who underwent gastroschisis repair from 2010 to 2015. Nutrient intake and weight-for-age z scores (WAZ) were recorded. RESULTS: Data from 60 eligible infants with median (Q1, Q3) gestational age of 36 weeks (35, 37) and birth weight 2418 g (2098, 2665) were analyzed...
January 8, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337862/therapeutic-management-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bloodstream-infection-non-susceptible-to-carbapenems-but-susceptible-to-old-cephalosporins-and-or-to-penicillins
#15
Ronit Zaidenstein, Asaf Miller, Ruthy Tal-Jasper, Hadas Ofer-Friedman, Menachem Sklarz, David E Katz, Tsillia Lazarovitch, Paul R Lephart, Bethlehem Mengesha, Oran Tzuman, Mor Dadon, Chen Daniel, Jacob Moran-Gilad, Dror Marchaim
It is unknown as to whether other beta-lactams can be used for bloodstream infections (BSI) resulting from Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) which are non-susceptible to one or more carbapenem. We conducted a retrospective cohort study at the Assaf Harofeh Medical Center (AHMC) from January 2010 to August 2014. Adult patients with PA-BSI non-susceptible to a group 2 carbapenem but susceptible to ceftazidime or piperacillin (with or without tazobactam), were enrolled. We compared the outcomes of patients who received an appropriate beta-lactam antibiotic ("cases") to those who received an appropriate non-beta-lactam antibiotic ("controls")...
January 16, 2018: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334726/procalcitonin-in-bloodstream-infections-beyond-its-role-as-a-marker-of-clinical-algorithm-to-reduce-antimicrobial-overuse
#16
Yong Kyun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334366/modified-colistin-regimen-for-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-renal-impairment-and-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#17
Pierantonio Menna, Emanuela Salvatorelli, Alessia Mattei, Dario Cappiello, Giorgio Minotti, Massimiliano Carassiti
Colistin is a last resort antibiotic to treat multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria infections. Colistin is administered intravenously in the form of its inactive prodrug colistin methanesulfonate (CMS). For patients with acute kidney impairment and continuous renal replacement therapy high extracorporeal clearance may cause a substantial removal of active colistin from the bloodstream, eventually decreasing its antibacterial efficacy. Currently recommended doses of CMS may therefore be inadequate for these patients...
December 22, 2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332591/anti-trypanosoma-cruzi-activity-in-vitro-of-phases-and-isolated-compounds-from-excoecaria-lucida-leaves
#18
Cristiane Franca da Silva, Ania Ochoa Pacheco, Rayane Nogueira Alves, Josean Fechine Tavares, Marcelo Sobral da Silva, Julio Cesar Escalona Arranz
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. This illness is found mainly in 21 Latin American countries and an estimated 8 million people are infected worldwide. The unsatisfactory chemotherapy provokes severe toxicity and resistant strains. Medicinal plants constitute a promising source of new drugs and remedies against all kinds of disorders, mainly infectious diseases arousing interest worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study has been the isolation, structural identification and evaluation of the trypanocidal activity of samples present in the Excoecaria lucida Sw...
January 11, 2018: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331166/institution-wide-and-within-patient-evolution-of-daptomycin-susceptibility-in-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-bloodstream-infections
#19
Robert J Woods, Twisha S Patel, Jerod L Nagel, Duane W Newton, Andrew F Read
We report daptomycin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolated from bloodstream infections over a 4-year period. The daptomycin MIC increased over time hospital-wide for initial isolates and increased over time within patients, culminating in 40% of patients having daptomycin-nonsusceptible isolates in the final year of the study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
January 14, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331162/unnecessary-removal-of-central-venous-catheters-in-cancer-patients-with-bloodstream-infections
#20
Anne Marie Chaftari, Ray Hachem, Sammy Raad, Ying Jiang, Elizabeth Natividad, Patrick Chaftari, Issam Raad
We evaluated the rate of central venous catheter (CVC) removal in 283 cancer patients with bloodstream infections (BSIs). Removal of CVCs occurred unnecessarily in 57% of patients with non-central-line-associated BSI (non-CLABSI), which was equivalent to the rate of CVC removal in patients with CLABSIs. Physician education and safe interventions to salvage the vascular access are warranted. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-4.
January 14, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
92383
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"