keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thoracic CT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222675/accuracy-of-computed-tomography-for-selecting-the-revascularization-method-based-on-syntax-score-ii
#1
Si Eun Lee, Kyunghwa Han, Jin Hur, Young Jin Kim, Hye-Jeong Lee, Yoo Jin Hong, Dong Jin Im, Byoung Wook Choi
OBJECTIVES: The application of SYNTAX score II based on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) for selecting further treatment options has not been studied. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of CCTA combined with SYNTAX score II for selecting the revascularization method compared with invasive coronary angiography (ICA) based on 2014 European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) guidelines. METHODS: From January-May 2011, 160 patients who underwent both CCTA and ICA within 30 interval days were included...
December 8, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222007/current-concepts-in-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-management-of-smoking-related-interstitial-lung-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Anupam Kumar, Sujith V Cherian, Robert Vassallo, Eunhee S Yi, Jay H Ryu
Tobacco exposure results in various changes to the airways and lung parenchyma. While emphysema represents the more common injury pattern, in some individuals, cigarette smoke injures alveolar epithelial and other lung cells resulting in diffuse infiltrates and parenchymal fibrosis. Smoking can trigger interstitial injury patterns mediated via recruitment and inappropriate persistence of myeloid and other immune cells including eosinophils. As our understanding of the role of cigarette smoke constituents in triggering lung injury continues to evolve, so does our recognition of the spectrum of smoking-related interstitial lung changes...
December 5, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221981/chest-computed-tomography-image-for-accurately-predicting-the-optimal-insertion-depth-of-left-sided-double-lumen-tube
#3
Zhuo Liu, Li Zhao, Qianqian Jia, Xiaochun Yang, Shu Juan Liang, Wensheng He
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of measuring the distance between the vocal cord and carina using chest computer tomography (CT) as a guide for the intubation of a left-sided double-lumen tube (LDLT). DESIGN: Single-center, prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Local hospital in China. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty adult patients undergoing elective thoracic surgery requiring an LDLT for one lung ventilation were enrolled in this study...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221974/criteria-for-postoperative-mechanical-ventilation-after-thymectomy-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis-a-retrospective-analysis
#4
Keerthi Chigurupati, Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar, Muraleedharan Nair, Madathipat Unnikrishnan, Manjusha Pillai
OBJECTIVE: To determine the criteria for postoperative mechanical ventilation after thymectomy in patients with Myasthenia Gravis. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Teritiary care centre. PARTICIPANTS: 77 Myasthenia gravis patients operated for thymectomy were studied. INTERVENTIONS: After obtaining clearance from Institutional ethics committee, medical records of 77 patients with MG, who were operated for thymectomy between January 2005 and December 2015 were reviewed in a retrospective manner...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221307/bronchial-interrupted-suture-anastomosis-for-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-right-upper-lobe-resection
#5
Qianli Ma, Qiduo Yu, Deruo Liu
A 60 years old man with right upper lobe squamous cell carcinoma was admitted in the department of thoracic surgery after receiving two cycles of chemotherapy. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed the mass reduce to 2.0×1.5 cm. No contraindications or metastasis was found after routine preoperative examination. It took 3 hours to complete this operation. Final pathology stage was T3N0M0, stage IIA. This patient discharged on the 7th postoperative day with no complications.
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221304/microinvasive-segmentectomy-in-a-sculpting-manner-a-case-of-vats-left-s1-2-segmentectomy
#6
Liang Xue, Yunfeng Yuan
A ground-glass opacity (GGO) lesion was discovered in a 64-year-old female 1 year ago. One month before administration, a follow-up CT showed the lesion in the apical segment of left upper lobe had increased from 8 to 11 mm in diameter. The lesion was diagnosed to be cT1aN0M0 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and a 3-port video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) anatomic segmentectomy was performed. Intraoperative frozen sections revealed a microinvasive adenocarcinoma. Systematic lymph node dissection was then carried out...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221298/the-redax%C3%A2-coaxial-drain-in-pulmonary-lobectomy-a-study-of-efficacy
#7
Ottavio Rena, Sara Parini, Esther Papalia, Fabio Massera, Davide Turello, Guido Baietto, Caterina Casadio
Background: Pleural drainage is required after pulmonary lobectomy to evacuate air-leak and fluid. We compared the performance of the new Redax® Coaxial Drain (CD) (Redax, Mirandola, Italy) with a standard chest tube (CT) in terms of fluid and air-leak evacuation. Methods: Fifty-two patients receiving a 24-F CD under water-seal after pulmonary lobectomy through open surgery or video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) were matched according to demographic, clinical and pathological variables with 104 patients receiving a 24-F CT...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221183/radial-gradient-and-radial-deviation-radiomic-features-from-pre-surgical-ct-scans-are-associated-with-survival-among-lung-adenocarcinoma-patients
#8
Ilke Tunali, Olya Stringfield, Albert Guvenis, Hua Wang, Ying Liu, Yoganand Balagurunathan, Philippe Lambin, Robert J Gillies, Matthew B Schabath
The goal of this study was to extract features from radial deviation and radial gradient maps which were derived from thoracic CT scans of patients diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma and assess whether these features are associated with overall survival. We used two independent cohorts from different institutions for training (n= 61) and test (n= 47) and focused our analyses on features that were non-redundant and highly reproducible. To reduce the number of features and covariates into a single parsimonious model, a backward elimination approach was applied...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218271/magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-precision-radiation-therapy-for-lung-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Hannah Bainbridge, Ahmed Salem, Rob H N Tijssen, Michael Dubec, Andreas Wetscherek, Corinne Van Es, Jose Belderbos, Corinne Faivre-Finn, Fiona McDonald
Radiotherapy remains the cornerstone of curative treatment for inoperable locally advanced lung cancer, given concomitantly with platinum-based chemotherapy. With poor overall survival, research efforts continue to explore whether integration of advanced radiation techniques will assist safe treatment intensification with the potential for improving outcomes. One advance is the integration of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the treatment pathway, providing anatomical and functional information with excellent soft tissue contrast without exposure of the patient to radiation...
December 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217497/prevalence-of-hyperdense-paraspinal-vein-sign-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-without-dural-csf-leak-on-standard-ct-myelography
#10
Michael S Clark, Felix E Diehn, Jared T Verdoorn, Vance T Lehman, Greta B Liebo, Jonathan M Morris, Kent R Thielen, John T Wald, Neeraj Kumar, Patrick H Luetmer
PURPOSE: A recently identified and treatable cause of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-venous fistula, and a recently described computed tomography myelogram (CTM) finding highly compatible with but not diagnostic of this entity is the hyperdense paraspinal vein sign. We aimed to retrospectively measure the prevalence of the hyperdense paraspinal vein sign on CTMs in SIH patients without dural CSF leak, in comparison with control groups. METHODS: Three CTM groups were identified: 1) SIH study group, which included dural CSF leak-negative standard CTMs performed for SIH, with early and delayed imaging; 2) Early control CTMs, which were performed for indications other than SIH, with imaging shortly after intrathecal contrast administration; 3) Delayed control CTMs, which included delayed imaging...
December 7, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215407/dilated-internal-thoracic-vertebral-venous-plexus-simulating-bone-metastases-on-fdg-pet-ct
#11
Nir Hod, Reut Anconina, Daniel Levin, Dina Ezroh Kazap, Sophie Lantsberg
A 42-year-old woman with a newly diagnosed malignant thymoma underwent FDG PET/CT, which demonstrated an increased uptake in anterior mediastinal tumor and several pleural masses in the right hemithorax, compatible with "drop metastases." In addition, contrast-enhanced CT images showed hyperdense abnormality in T2 vertebral body, congruent with intensely increased FDG uptake, raising suspicion of skeletal metastasis. This is a rare but important potential pitfall either in CT and FDG PET/CT-a "false-positive" bony lesion not attributed to skeletal metastasis but to dilated internal thoracic vertebral venous plexus associated with collateral circulation due to superior vena cava syndrome...
December 5, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205143/epidural-abscess-imitating-recurrent-pilonidal-sinus-a-case-report
#12
C Koutserimpas, N Nikitakis, A Skarpas, M Lada, E Papachristou, G Velimezis
Pilonidal sinus or pilonidal cyst is a common benign disease, affecting mostly young working men. We present the first case of an epidural abscess imitating pilonidal sinus. A 33-year old male, suffering from previously undiagnosed and untreated diabetes mellitus (DM), presented to our emergency department (ER), one month after open surgical treatment of pilonidal sinus, due to weakness and fever. After re-operation of the pilonidal cyst and due to post-operative pus production and continuation of fever a computer tomogr aphy (CT )scan was performed revealing an epidural abscess extending from the thoracic vertebrae 12 (T-12) to the sacrococcygeal area...
May 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204290/meningeal-carcinomatosis-and-spinal-cord-infiltration-caused-by-a-locally-invasive-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma-in-a-cat
#13
Christoforos Posporis, Llorenç Grau-Roma, Olga Travetti, Maria Oliveira, Laura Polledo, Annette Wessmann
Case summary: A 12-year-old domestic shorthair cat was presented with acute non-painful hindlimb proprioceptive ataxia localising to T3-L3 spinal cord segments. MRI revealed paravertebral muscular hyperintensity on T2-weighted images at the level of T7-T8 vertebrae. The cat improved on conservative management but deteriorated 3 months later. Repeated MRI showed meningeal enhancement at the same level and hyperintensity of the paravertebral musculature extending to the right thoracic wall and pleural space on short tau inversion recovery images...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203574/blunt-chest-trauma-a-clinical-chameleon
#14
REVIEW
Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Anton Sabashnikov, Mohamed Zeriouh, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Alexander C Bunck, Navid Mader, Thorsten Wahlers
The incidence of blunt chest trauma (BCT) is greater than 15% of all trauma admissions to the emergency departments worldwide and is the second leading cause of death after head injury in motor vehicle accidents. The mortality due to BCT is inhomogeneously described ranging from 9% to 60%. BCT is commonly caused by a sudden high-speed deceleration trauma to the anterior chest, leading to a compression of the thorax. All thoracic structures might be injured as a result of the trauma. Complex cardiac arrhythmia, heart murmurs, hypotension, angina-like chest pain, respiratory insufficiency or distention of the jugular veins may indicate potential cardiac injury...
December 4, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199055/bone-marrow-involvement-in-malignant-lymphoma-evaluation-of-quantitative-pet-and-mri-biomarkers
#15
Ulrika Asenbaum, Richard Nolz, Georgios Karanikas, Julia Furtner, Ramona Woitek, Ingrid Simonitsch-Klupp, Markus Raderer, Marius E Mayerhoefer
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the diagnostic utility of standardized uptake values (SUV) and apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) for assessment of focal and diffuse bone marrow involvement in patients with malignant lymphoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty treatment-naive patients (28 males; mean age 51.2 ± 16.7 years) with histologically proven lymphoma, who underwent fludeoxyglucose (18F) positron emission tomography-computed tomography ([F18]-FDG-PET/CT) and whole-body diffusion-weighted imaging (WB-DWI) within 7 days, and also routine bone marrow biopsy, were included in this institutional review board-approved, retrospective study...
November 30, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197913/an-alternative-finger-in-robotic-assisted-thoracic-surgery-intraoperative-ultrasound-localization-of-pulmonary-nodules
#16
Zhenyu Zhou, Zhitian Wang, Zhelan Zheng, Jinlin Cao, Chong Zhang, Zhehao He, Wang Lv, Jian Hu
AIM: Robotic-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) has become a promising treatment for pulmonary neoplasms. During RATS, intraoperative ultrasonography can act as an "alternative finger" to "touch" and locate lesions, especially pulmonary nodules. This study was aimed to investigate the efficacy of intraoperative ultrasonographic localization during da Vinci RATS procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with pulmonary nodules were randomly divided into an Experimental Group and Control Group in which nodules were respectively located using intraoperative ultrasonography or by the surgeon's anatomic knowledge...
November 29, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197388/spontaneous-hemothorax-caused-by-ruptured-multiple-mycotic-aortic-aneurysms-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Po-Sung Li, Chung-Lin Tsai, Sung-Yuan Hu, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Yao-Tien Chang
BACKGROUND: Mycotic aortic aneurysm (MAA) is a rare clinical entity with an incidence of 1-3%, but it is a life-threatening infection of aorta characterized by dilatation of aorta with false lumen. Multiple MAAs have been reported rarely with an incidence of 0.03% and associated with a high mortality rate of 80% if ruptured. CASE PRESENTATION: A hypertensive and diabetic 78-year-old man visited our emergency department complaining intermittent dull and tingled pain over the left flank region for 1 week...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196856/tin-filtered-low-dose-chest-ct-to-quantify-macroscopic-calcification-burden-of-the-thoracic-aorta
#18
Christoph Schabel, Daniele Marin, Dominik Ketelsen, Alfredo E Farjat, Georg Bier, Mario Lescan, Fabian Bamberg, Konstantin Nikolaou, Malte N Bongers
OBJECTIVES: To compare a low-dose, tin-filtered, nonenhanced, high-pitch Sn100 kVp CT protocol (Sn100) with a standard protocol (STP) for the detection of calcifications in the ascending aorta in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery. METHODS: Institutional Review Board approval for this retrospective study was waived and the study was HIPAA-compliant. The study included 192 patients (128 men; age 68.8 ± 9.9 years), of whom 87 received the STP and 105 the Sn100 protocol...
December 1, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195556/immobilization-for-carbon-ion-beam-ablation-of-cardiac-structures-in-a-porcine-model
#19
Matthias Prall, Anna Eichhorn, Daniel Richter, H Immo Lehmann, Anna Constantinescu, Robert Kaderka, Patrick Lugenbiel, Dierk Thomas, Christoph Bert, Douglas L Packer, Marco Durante, Christian Graeff
INTRODUCTION: Whereas hadron therapy of static targets is clinically established, treatment of moving organs remains a challenge. One strategy is to minimize motion of surrounding tissue mechanically and to mitigate residual motion with an appropriate irradiation technique. In this technical note, we present and characterize such an immobilization technique for a novel noncancerous application: the irradiation of small targets in hearts with scanned carbon ion beams in a porcine model for elimination of arrhythmias...
November 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191468/malunion-of-post-traumatic-thoracolumbar-fractures
#20
REVIEW
C Mazel, L Ajavon
Thoracolumbar malunion is the result of loss of correction, insufficient correction, or even no correction (both in the frontal and sagittal planes) of a thoracolumbar fracture. The main causes are incorrect assessment of the fracture's complexity (burst fracture), its potential progression to kyphosis, and associated disc or ligament damage. It can also be the result of a poorly conducted initial treatment. The types of malunion have changed over the years because of the introduction of vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty...
November 27, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
keyword
keyword
92378
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"