keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behavioral Pediatrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161788/aggressive-supratentorial-ependymoma-rela-fusion-positive-with-extracranial-metastasis-a-case-report
#1
Seong-Ik Kim, Yoojin Lee, Seung Ki Kim, Hyoung Jin Kang, Sung-Hye Park
Ependymoma is the third most common pediatric primary brain tumor. Ependymomas are categorized according to their locations and genetic abnormalities, and these two parameters are important prognostic factors for patient outcome. For supratentorial (ST) ependymomas, RELA fusion-positive ependymomas show a more aggressive behavior than YAP1 fusion-positive ependymomas. Extracranial metastases of intra-axial neuroepithelial tumors are extremely rare. In this paper, we report a case of aggressive anaplastic ependymoma arising in the right frontoparietal lobe, which had genetically 1q25 gain, CDKN2A homozygous deletion, and L1CAM overexpression...
November 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158228/stigma-experienced-by-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#2
Stephen J Pont, Rebecca Puhl, Stephen R Cook, Wendelin Slusser
The stigmatization of people with obesity is widespread and causes harm. Weight stigma is often propagated and tolerated in society because of beliefs that stigma and shame will motivate people to lose weight. However, rather than motivating positive change, this stigma contributes to behaviors such as binge eating, social isolation, avoidance of health care services, decreased physical activity, and increased weight gain, which worsen obesity and create additional barriers to healthy behavior change. Furthermore, experiences of weight stigma also dramatically impair quality of life, especially for youth...
November 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157764/perianesthesia-nurses-are-my-second-family-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#3
Julanne Seefeldt, Stacey Wood, Pamela Bolton, Tara Fitzpatrick, Kristin Stegenga, Cristine Roberts
PURPOSE: Identify the perceptions of perianesthesia nurses regarding behaviors that promote or detract from sustaining a safe, efficient, and satisfying work environment. DESIGN: Two focus groups and seven individual interviews (n=14) were conducted exploring the perceptions regarding team behavior of registered nurses in one pediatric perianesthesia unit. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive data collection, inductive content analysis. FINDINGS: Nurses described a responsive, engaged health care team whose leadership is available and directive when needed, as creating an effective, satisfying work environment...
December 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157598/chinese-vietnamese-and-asian-indian-parents-perspectives-about-well-child-visits-a-qualitative-analysis
#4
Maya Ragavan, Wendy Li, A Rani Elwy, John Cowden, Megan Bair-Merritt
OBJECTIVES: Well-child visits are a critical component of pediatric healthcare; however, disparities in attendance and quality of care exist for Asian children. Limited research has explored Asian immigrant parents' perspectives about their well-child visit experience. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with Chinese, Vietnamese, and Asian Indian immigrant parents. Participants were recruited from community-based organizations in the Boston area. Interviews focused on parents' perceptions about well-child visits, including individual attitudes, social and cultural factors impacting their opinions, perceived behavioral control, and improving visits for Asian immigrant families...
November 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157589/overweight-and-obesity-add-to-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#5
Sarah N Biggs, Knarik Tamanyan, Lisa M Walter, Aidan J Weichard, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether overweight and obesity increased the detrimental effects of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on cognition, behavior, mood, and quality of life. METHODS: Children and adolescents (8-16 years) with clinically diagnosed SDB were categorized into two groups: healthy weight (Body Mass Index (BMI) z-score <1.04, N = 11) and overweight/obese (BMI z-score ≥ 1.04, N = 10). Age-matched healthy weight, non-snoring controls (N = 25) were recruited from the community...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157497/everywhere-and-nowhere-grief-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-pediatric-clinical-populations
#6
REVIEW
Pamela J Mosher
Grief is ubiquitous in the experience of children and adolescents with illness but not always recognized or named, and as a result grief is not always treated effectively by child/adolescent psychiatrists or pediatricians. Grief can be misinterpreted or treated as stress, anxiety, depression, adolescent moodiness, or behavioral concerns. Pediatricians and child/adolescent psychiatrists are often insufficiently educated on the topic of grief.
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156354/anisotropic-and-nonlinear-biaxial-mechanical-response-of-porcine-small-bowel-mesentery
#7
Keyvan Amini Khoiy, Sophia Abdulhai, Ian C Glenn, Todd A Ponsky, Rouzbeh Amini
Intestinal malrotation places pediatric patients at the risk of midgut volvulus, a complication that can lead to ischemic bowel, short gut syndrome, and even death. Even though the treatments for symptomatic patients of this complication are clear, it is still a challenge to identify asymptomatic patients who are at a higher risk of midgut volvulus and decide on a suitable course of treatment. Development of an accurate computerized model of this intestinal abnormality could help in gaining a better understanding of its integral behavior...
November 11, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155486/toxic-stress-and-child-refugees
#8
John S Murray
The purpose of this article was to describe the phenomenon of toxic stress and its impact on the physical and mental health of child refugees. Almost two decades ago, researchers found that recurring adverse childhood events (ACEs; e.g., physical, psychological, and sexual abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction such as substance abuse, mental illness, and criminal behavior) were associated with a significant increase in serious illnesses during adulthood. Illnesses include heart, lung, and liver disease, cancer, and bone fractures...
November 20, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154930/suicide-attempts-in-children-and-adolescents-the-place-of-clock-genes-and-early-rhythm-dysfunction
#9
Bertrand Olliac, Lisa Ouss, Annaëlle Charrier
Suicide remains one of the leading causes of death among young people, and suicidal ideation and behavior are relatively common in healthy and clinical populations. Suicide risk in childhood and adolescence is often approached from the perspective of nosographic categories to which predictive variables for suicidal acts are often linked. The cascading effects resulting from altered clock genes in a pediatric population could participate in biological rhythm abnormalities and the emergence of suicide attempts through impaired regulation of circadian rhythms and emotional states with neurodevelopmental effects...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154522/distribution-and-evaluation-of-a-carbon-monoxide-detector-intervention-in-two-settings-emergency-department-and-urban-community
#10
Lara B McKenzie, Kristin J Roberts, Wendy C Shields, Eileen McDonald, Elise Omaki, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Andrea C Gielen
The objective of this study was to describe changes in carbon monoxide (CO) safety knowledge and observed CO detector use following distribution of a CO detector use intervention in two environments, a pediatric emergency department (Ohio) and an urban community (Maryland). A total of 301 participants completed the 6-month follow up (Ohio: n = 125; Maryland: n = 176). The majority of participants was female, 25–34 years of age, and employed (full or part time). We found that CO safety knowledge did not differ between settings at enrollment, but significantly improved at the follow-up visits...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154509/technology-assisted-rehabilitation-interventions-following-pediatric-brain-injury
#11
Shari L Wade, Megan E Narad, Emily L Shultz, Brad G Kurowski, Aimee E Miley, Jessica M Aguilar, Anna-Lynne R Adlam
INTRODUCTION: Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), children experience a variety of physical, motor, speech, and cognitive deficits that can have a long-term detrimental impact. The emergence and popularity of new technologies has led to research into the development of various apps, gaming systems, websites, and robotics that might be applied to rehabilitation. The objective of this narrative review was to describe the current literature technologically-assisted interventions for the rehabilitation of motor, neurocognitive, behavioral, and family impairments following pediatric TBI...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153907/-violent-outburst-from-teenagers-in-the-pediatric-emergency-room-complex-cases
#12
L Cohen, C Gras-Le Guenb, J Fleury, E Caldagues, L Dreno, G Picherot, N Vabres
INTRODUCTION: Teenagers admitted to the emergency room for a violent attacks episode are increasingly numerous. The source of agitation is multifactorial for these teenagers, often with a complex course. They jeopardize hospital wards, which are often ill-suited for and overwhelmed during these outbursts. This study aims to identify and describe all the teenagers admitted to the hospital over 1 year for a violent outburst and discuss their management. METHODS AND EQUIPMENT: Retrospective and descriptive study of teenagers admitted to the pediatric emergency department of the Nantes University Hospital for a violent outburst in 2015...
November 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153591/informing-physician-strategies-to-overcome-language-barriers-in-encounters-with-pediatric-patients
#13
Natalie Guerrero, Alissa L Small, Rebecca J Schwei, Elizabeth A Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: To describe physician perceptions of differences in limited English proficient (LEP) pediatric encounters and the behavioral adaptations they make to provide quality care to LEP pediatric patients. METHODS: We conducted 30min, semi-structured interviews with 6 family physicians and 5 pediatricians in one health system. Audiotapes from each interview were transcribed verbatim then coded using content analysis. RESULTS: Multiple aspects of the LEP pediatric encounter were perceived by physicians as different from other encounters: trust and relationship between physician and LEP child/child's family, continuity of care, encounter's structure and flow, patient assessment, and communication barriers...
November 15, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153300/cognitive-dissonance-and-pediatric-procedural-pain-management-a-concept-clarification
#14
April A Bice
Pediatric nurses have often reported that pain management is a vital part of patient care. Evidence, however, suggests pediatric procedural pain treatments are often underused. Cognitive dissonance, the mental conflict leading to unpleasant thoughts and or feelings, may be related to this evidence-based gap found between what pediatric nurses claim about procedural pain management (that it is important) and what they actually do (underutilize pain treatments). The purpose of this manuscript is to clarify and further develop the concept of cognitive dissonance in terms of its relationship to nurses' mental struggles with underutilization of pediatric procedural pain treatments...
November 15, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150369/trial-registration-in-pediatric-surgery-trials
#15
Sana Rokhsefat, Deanna E Morra, Martin Offringa, Lisa M Askie, Lauren E Kelly
BACKGROUND: Prospective clinical trial registration serves to increase transparency and to mitigate selective reporting bias. An assessment of adult surgical trials revealed poor trial registration practice with incomplete provision of information in registries and inconsistent information in the corresponding publication. The extent and completeness of pediatric surgical trial registration are unknown. We aimed to determine the proportion and adequacy of clinical trial registration in pediatric surgery trials published in 2014...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149133/computer-based-exercise-program-effects-of-a-12-week-intervention-on-mood-and-fatigue-in-pediatric-patients-with-cancer%C3%A2
#16
Anna-Maria Platschek, Laura Kehe, Vera Abeln, Frank Berthold, Thorsten Simon, Heiko Strüder
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of survival present a new set of physical and psychological challenges for children dealing with side effects during cancer treatment. Physical activity has been shown to be an effective strategy to reduce several side effects.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the benefits of a 12-week computer-based exercise intervention on perceived physical, motivational, and fatigue syndrome and psychological state...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147822/psychiatric-sequelae-of-concussions
#17
REVIEW
David A Brent, Jeffrey Max
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review the frequency, risk factors, phenomenology, and course of prolonged recovery from concussion and of psychiatric sequelae in pediatric populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Youth with prolonged recovery from concussions have higher initial symptoms, a history of multiple and/or recent concussions, and a tendency to somatization. Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, behavioral disorders, and perhaps, suicidal behavior disorder are more common as both short- and longer-term sequelae of concussions...
November 17, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147128/the-effect-of-educational-intervention-on-weight-loss-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#18
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad, Zohreh Sadat Navabi, Alireza Ahmadi, Mohsen Askarishahi
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is associated with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular diseases. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) efficiently explains the ability of perceived behavioral control and possibly attitude to enhance the motivations of the obese people to lose weight. Our aim was to investigate the effect of TPB-based education on weight loss in obese and overweight adolescents. METHODS: In an interventional study, simple random sampling was used to select 86 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-18 years in the pediatric clinic at the Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145589/the-abcds-of-pain-management-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-impact-of-a-brief-educational-video-on-infants-and-toddlers-pain-scores-and-parent-soothing-behavior
#19
Rebecca Pillai Riddell, Monica C O'Neill, Lauren Campbell, Anna Taddio, Saul Greenberg, Hartley Garfield
Objectives: To test the efficacy of a brief behavioral pain management strategy (The ABCDs of Needle Pain Management), delivered via video, on infants' and toddlers' pain scores and on parental soothing behavior. Methods: This was a double-blind, parallel trial design. Parent-child dyads (N = 128) were recruited before their child's 6-month (infant) or 18-month (toddler) vaccination in a pediatric clinic and randomly assigned to watch a 5-min treatment video or a placebo video...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141651/the-dose-of-behavioral-interventions-to-prevent-and-treat-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#20
REVIEW
William J Heerman, Meghan M JaKa, Jerica M Berge, Erika S Trapl, Evan C Sommer, Lauren R Samuels, Natalie Jackson, Jacob L Haapala, Alicia S Kunin-Batson, Barbara A Olson-Bullis, Heather K Hardin, Nancy E Sherwood, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the optimal "dose" of behavioral interventions to affect change in weight-related outcomes is a critical topic for childhood obesity intervention research. The objective of this review was to quantify the relationship between dose and outcome in behavioral trials targeting childhood obesity to guide future intervention development. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-regression included randomized controlled trials published between 1990 and June 2017 that tested a behavioral intervention for obesity among children 2-18 years old...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
keyword
keyword
9237
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"