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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108600/why-does-college-education-matter-unveiling-the-contributions-of-selection-factors
#1
Hui Zheng
This study investigates the contributions of pre-college selection factors that may partially lead to the college degree - health link by using longitudinal data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979) cohort. Propensity score matching method finds that the effects of college degree on various health outcomes (self-rated health, physical component summary index, health limitations, CESD scale) are reduced by 51% on average (range: 37%-70%) in the matched sample. Among these observed factors, cognitive skill is the biggest confounder, followed by pre-college health and socioeconomic characteristics (marital aspiration, years of schooling, marriage, fertility, poverty status) and non-cognitive skills (e...
November 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096523/prevalence-and-correlates-of-depressive-symptoms-in-secondary-school-children-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh
#2
Asaduzzaman Khan, Rushdia Ahmed, Nicola W Burton
OBJECTIVES: Depression is a leading contributor to the global burden of disease, and often starts at a young age. Depression in young people can increase the risk of unhealthy lifestyle behaviour and can lead to substantial disability, social problems, poor health, and suicide. Other research has examined depressive symptoms among adult populations in Bangladesh, but little is known about other age groups. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of depressive symptoms among secondary school children of Dhaka city, Bangladesh...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095122/the-influence-of-family-stress-and-conflict-on-depressive-symptoms-among-working-married-women-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Yeong Jun Ju, Eun-Cheol Park, Hyun-Jun Ju, Sang Ah Lee, Joo Eun Lee, Woorim Kim, Sung Youn Chun, Tae Hyun Kim
In the present study researchers examined the association between depressive symptoms and family stress and conflict from multiple roles, along with the combined effect of family stress and family-work conflict. We used data from the 2008-2012 Korean Welfare Panel Study, consisting of 4,663 baseline participants. We measured depressive symptoms using the CESD-11. There was a significant relationship between depressive symptoms and family stress and conflict among working married women. With regard to the combined analysis, working married women who reported both family stress and family-work conflict exhibited the highest odds of depressive symptoms...
November 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091130/importance-of-liver-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency-a-case-report
#4
Adriana Maria Alves De Tommaso, Flávia Fonseca de Carvalho Barra, Gabriel Hessel, Carolina Araújo Moreno, Roberto Giugliani, Cecília Amélia Fazzio Escanhoela
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD) and discuss the importance of liver biopsy for diagnosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A female patient, aged two years and ten months, presented with an increased abdominal volume following hepatomegaly for four months. Abdominal ultrasound demonstrated hepatomegaly and hepatic steatosis. Laboratory tests showed elevated liver serum enzymes and dyslipidemia. Liver biopsy was consistent with CESD. COMMENTS: Although measuring enzyme activity is the gold standard for CESD diagnosis, liver biopsy is very helpful when investigating suspected cases of CESD, particularly upon other differential diagnoses to be considered...
October 30, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931496/computerized-adaptive-testing-provides-reliable-and-efficient-depression-measurement-using-the-ces-d-scale
#5
Bao Sheng Loe, David Stillwell, Chris Gibbons
BACKGROUND: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a measure of depressive symptomatology which is widely used internationally. Though previous attempts were made to shorten the CES-D scale, few have attempted to develop a Computerized Adaptive Test (CAT) version for the CES-D. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide evidence on the efficiency and accuracy of the CES-D when administered using CAT using an American sample group. METHODS: We obtained a sample of 2060 responses to the CESD-D from US participants using the myPersonality application...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927470/validating-a-single-question-depression-measure-among-older-adults
#6
Kyung-Duk Min, Heeran Chun, Il-Ho Kim, Sung-Il Cho
BACKGROUND: A single-item depression measure may not be adequate in capturing the complex entity of mental health, despite wide use of this indicator in community studies. This study evaluated the accuracy of a single-question depression measure in comparison to two composite indices-the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 800 elderly participants ranging from 60 to 89 years of age and residing in Seoul were recruited using a multistage sampling scheme in 2015...
September 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924238/longitudinal-association-of-sleep-duration-with-depressive-symptoms-among-middle-aged-and-older-chinese
#7
Yujie Li, Yili Wu, Long Zhai, Tong Wang, Yongye Sun, Dongfeng Zhang
This study aimed to evaluate the associations of nighttime sleep duration and midday napping with risk of depressive symptoms incidence and persistence among middle-aged and older Chinese. Data from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, CHARLS (2011-2013), were analyzed. Depressive symptoms were identified by the 10-item version of the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CESD-10). Multivariate binary logistic regression models were fitted. There were 7156 individuals with CESD-10 scores < 10 and 3896 individuals with CESD-10 scores ≥ 10 at baseline included in this study...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901836/the-overlap-of-sleep-disturbance-and-depression-in-primary-care-patients-treated-with-buprenorphine
#8
Sarah L Garnaat, Risa B Weisberg, Lisa A Uebelacker, Debra S Herman, Genie L Bailey, Bradley J Anderson, Katherine M Sharkey, Michael D Stein
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is common among patients receiving long-term opioid therapies, such as methadone maintenance. However, little is known about sleep disturbances in patients receiving medication treatment with buprenorphine. We sought to determine the frequency of subjective sleep disturbance in a sample of patients receiving medication treatment and to examine clinical factors related to sleep disturbance. METHODS: Participants were 328 persons receiving buprenorphine at 3 primary care sites...
October 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841078/semantic-examination-of-a-japanese-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-a-cautionary-analysis-using-mixed-methods
#9
Denise Saint Arnault, Hiroyo Hatashita, Hitomi Suzuki
Background Cross-cultural research relies on the linguistic, conceptual, and semantic equivalence of instruments. Widely used translations of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD) for cross-cultural samples should be analyzed to reaffirm conceptual and semantic equivalence. Purpose This methodological study aimed to discover and resolve problematic translations of a Japanese version of the CESD. Design Sequential explanatory mixed method design using spiraling integration. Methods Sample includes 34 first-generation Japanese women living in the US and 72 community-based women in Japan...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776476/casp-an-intervention-by-community-volunteers-to-reduce-suicidal-behaviour-among-refugees
#10
Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Rani Mohanraj, Shuba Kumar, Visalakshi Jeyaseelan, Savitha Sriram, Madhumathi Shanmugam
BACKGROUND: Refugees are at risk of psychiatric morbidity because of forced migration, traumatic events and resettlement in unfamiliar environments. Many live in low- and middle-income countries (LAMIC) under stressful conditions contributing to increased suicide risk. AIMS: This study assessed the feasibility of regular contact and use of safety planning cards (CASP) by community volunteers (CVs) in reducing suicidal behaviour among Sri Lankan refugees residing in camps in Tamil Nadu, South India...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753468/depression-among-chinese-older-adults-a-perspective-from-hukou-and-health-inequities
#11
Jing Guo, Liding Guan, Liming Fang, Chengcheng Liu, Mingqi Fu, Huan He, Xiaohua Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that socioeconomic status is linked to health status. However, most of these studies have been conducted in developed countries, whose social settings are different from those in China. Hukou (household registration) status, one of China's main socioeconomic indicators, has received limited attention in the literature. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between different Hukou statuses, and depression, among older adults in China...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744938/integrative-body-mind-spirit-intervention-for-concurrent-sleep-and-mood-disturbances-sleep-specific-daytime-functioning-mediates-sleep-and-mood-improvements
#12
Xiao-Wen Ji, Siu-Man Ng, Cecilia L W Chan, Jessie S M Chan, Celia H Y Chan, Ka-Fai Chung
Sleep disturbances and depressive symptoms are associated closely with daytime dysfunctions, yet few studies have investigated their temporal relationship in a randomized controlled trial. We investigated the inter-relationships among sleep, depressive symptoms and daytime functioning following an integrative body-mind-spirit (I-BMS) intervention. One hundred and eighty-five participants (mean age 55.28 years, 75.1% female) with co-existing sleep and depressive symptoms were randomized to I-BMS or waiting-list...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645017/examining-anxiety-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-suicide-risk-among-women-firefighters
#13
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with increased suicide risk. Anxiety sensitivity (AS)-the fear of anxiety-related sensations-is both a vulnerability factor for and consequence of PTSD symptoms. AS also predicts suicide risk. To our knowledge, no study has examined whether AS concerns account for the association between PTSD symptoms and suicide risk. METHOD: A total of 254 women firefighters completed a web-based mental health survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637083/changes-in-spiritual-well-being-and-psychological-outcomes-in-ovarian-cancer-survivors
#14
Lauren Z Davis, Michaela Cuneo, Premal H Thaker, Michael J Goodheart, David Bender, Susan K Lutgendorf
OBJECTIVE: Because of the poor prognosis of ovarian cancer and concomitant distress, understanding contributors to positive well-being is critical. This study examines spiritual growth as a domain of posttraumatic growth and its contribution to longitudinal emotional outcomes in ovarian cancer. METHODS: Ovarian cancer patients (N = 241) completed measures assessing spirituality (Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being-12; subscales: faith, meaning, and peace), depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale), cancer-specific anxiety (Impact of Event Scale), and total mood disturbance (TMD; Profile of Mood States) prior to surgery and 1-year postsurgery...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622815/effects-of-a-brief-ed-based-alcohol-and-violence-intervention-on-depressive-symptoms
#15
Megan L Ranney, Jason Goldstick, Andria Eisman, Patrick M Carter, Maureen Walton, Rebecca M Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms frequently co-exist in adolescents with alcohol use and peer violence. This paper's purpose was to examine the secondary effects of a brief alcohol-and-violence-focused ED intervention on depressive symptoms. METHOD: Adolescents (ages 14-18) presenting to an ED for any reason, reporting past year alcohol use and aggression, were enrolled in a randomized control trial (control, therapist-delivered brief intervention [TBI], or computer-delivered brief intervention [CBI])...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617043/eveningness-is-associated-with-greater-depressive-symptoms-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-study-in-two-different-ethnic-cohorts
#16
Sunee Saetung, Hataikarn Nimitphong, Nantaporn Siwasaranond, Areesa Manodpitipong, Stephanie J Crowley, Megan M Hood, Sirimon Reutrakul
BACKGROUND: Eveningness is associated with greater depressive symptoms in the general population. Depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D) commonly coexist. We aimed to explore the association between morningness-eveningness and depressive symptoms in T2D patients in the United States and in Thailand. PARTICIPANTS: T2D patients (n = 182) from an endocrinology clinic in Chicago, Illinois, and six hospitals in Thailand (n = 251) were enrolled. METHODS: Diabetes history was collected...
June 15, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609394/evaluation-of-depressive-symptoms-in-mid-aged-women-report-of-a-multicenter-south-american-study
#17
Danny Salazar-Pousada, Alvaro Monterrosa-Castro, Eliana Ojeda, Sandra C Sánchez, Ingrid F Morales-Luna, Faustino R Pérez-López, Peter Chedraui
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate depressive symptoms and related factors among mid-aged women using the 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD-10). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional multicenter study in which women aged 40 to 65 from various South American countries were surveyed with the CESD-10 and a general questionnaire containing personal and partner data. RESULTS: In all, 864 women were interviewed from Colombia (Afro-Colombian, n = 215), Ecuador (Mestizo, n = 202), Perú (Quechua at high altitude, n = 231), and Paraguay (Mestizo, n = 216)...
November 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603562/meditation-in-stressed-older-adults-improvements-in-self-rated-mental-health-not-paralleled-by-improvements-in-cognitive-function-or-physiological-measures
#18
Barry S Oken, Helané Wahbeh, Elena Goodrich, Daniel Klee, Tabatha Memmott, Meghan Miller, Rongwei Fu
To determine if mindfulness meditation (MM) in older adults improves cognition and, secondarily, if MM improves mental health and physiology, 134 at least mildly stressed 50-85 year olds were randomized to a six-week MM intervention or a waitlist control. Outcome measures were assessed at baseline and two months later at Visit 2. The primary outcome measure was an executive function/attentional measure (flanker task). Other outcome measures included additional cognitive assessments, salivary cortisol, respiratory rate, heart rate variability, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness (NEO) personality traits, and SF-36 health-related quality of life...
June 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601985/poor-early-childhood-outcomes-attributable-to-maternal-depression-in-mexican-women
#19
Filipa de Castro, Jean Marie Place, Aremis Villalobos, Rosalba Rojas, Tonatiuh Barrientos, Edward A Frongillo
We aimed to estimate the population fraction of poor early child health and developmental outcomes attributable to maternal depressive symptoms (DS) contrasting it between low- and middle/high-income households. We used a nationally representative probabilistic sample of 4240 children younger than 5 years old and their mothers, derived from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey Data (ENSANUT 2012). Complex survey design, sampling, and analytic weights were taken into account in analyses. DS was measured by CESD-7...
August 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601589/sharpsports-mental-health-awareness-research-project-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-depressive-symptoms-and-life-stress-in-elite-athletes
#20
Sarah Beable, Mark Fulcher, Arier C Lee, Bruce Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: Our study aims to estimate the prevalence of symptoms of depression and daily life hassles in elite athletes. DESIGN: A cross-sectional prospective epidemiological study design. METHODS: An online anonymous survey was administered during a 2-month period from May to July 2015. Athletes 18 years of age (or older) who were members of the High Performance Sport New Zealand programme were invited to participate. Of 370 potential participants, 187 completed responses were received (51%)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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