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Harris Hyun-Soo Kim, Sun Joo Grace Ahn
The main objective of our study is to assess the relationship between playing online video games and mental wellbeing of adolescents based on a nationally representative sample. Data come from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS), a government-funded multiyear research project. Through a secondary analysis of W2 and W3 of data collected in 2011 and 2012, we examine the extent to which time spent playing online games is related to depression, as measured by a battery of items modeled after the abridged version of Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Revised (CESD-R)...
October 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Steven A Safren, C Andres Bedoya, Conall O'Cleirigh, Katie B Biello, Megan M Pinkston, Michael D Stein, Lara Traeger, Erna Kojic, Gregory K Robbins, Jonathan A Lerner, Debra S Herman, Matthew J Mimiaga, Kenneth H Mayer
BACKGROUND: Depression is highly prevalent in people with HIV and has consistently been associated with poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. Integrating cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for depression with adherence counselling using the Life-Steps approach (CBT-AD) has an emerging evidence base. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of CBT-AD. METHODS: In this three-arm randomised controlled trial in HIV-positive adults with depression, we compared CBT-AD with information and supportive psychotherapy plus adherence counselling using the Life-Steps approach (ISP-AD), and with enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) including Life-Steps adherence counselling only...
September 19, 2016: Lancet HIV
Eisho Yoshikawa, Daisuke Nishi, Yutaka J Matsuoka
BACKGROUND: Long-chain n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3/n-6 PUFA) play important roles in emotional regulation. We previously reported an association between fish consumption, which is major source of LC n-3 PUFA, and resilience to depression, where resilience is the ability to cope with stress in the face of adversity. Although the traditional Japanese dietary pattern of high fish consumption is associated with low depressive symptoms, the current Japanese diet pattern has become westernized...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Patrick Ip, David Chim, Ko Ling Chan, Tim M H Li, Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Benjamin W Van Voorhees, Agnes Tiwari, Anita Tsang, Charlie Wai Leung Chan, Matthew Ho, Winnie Tso, Wilfred Hing Sang Wong
BACKGROUND: Depression prevention among adolescents is crucial for reducing the global disease burden. Internet-based depression prevention approaches are found to be effective but they were mostly evaluated in a Western context. Grasping the Opportunity is a Chinese Internet intervention, which was translated and modified from CATCH-IT developed in the West. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Grasp the Opportunity in reducing depressive symptoms in Chinese adolescents. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, Chinese adolescents aged 13 to 17 years with mild-to-moderate depressive symptoms were recruited from three secondary schools in Hong Kong...
September 13, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
Martha Hickey, Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Hadine Joffe, Gita D Mishra
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the trajectories of depressive symptoms in a large population-based cohort of midaged women, and to examine the associations of current and changing reproductive stage with depressive symptoms over time. METHODS: Prospective, population-based cohort study of 13,715 women aged 45 to 50 years followed up for over 15 years (Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health). Nearly 6,000 women provided complete data for this study...
August 22, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Toshiyuki Yoshio, Tomohiro Tsuchida, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Masami Omae, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Junko Fujisaki, Yukiko Sato, Tohru Sasaki, Kazuyoshi Kawabata, Masahiro Igarashi
OBJECTIVES: Owing to increased awareness and the use of narrow band imaging, there are more opportunities to treat superficial pharyngeal cancer (SPC). This study aimed to describe the short- and long-term outcomes of ER (endoscopic resection) for SPC. METHODS: This study included 166 consecutive SPCs in 113 patients treated during 2006-2013 at one referral cancer center. In the first period, we treated patients using endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), in the second period using conventional ESD (cESD) and in the recent period using double-scope ESD (dsESD), which involves a second thin endoscope for assistance to produce traction...
August 15, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Nitin Shivappa, Danielle A J M Schoenaker, James R Hebert, Gita D Mishra
Dietary factors and inflammation markers have been shown to play a role in the development of depression. However, there are very few studies that have explored the association between inflammatory potential of diet and risk of depression. In this study, we examined the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII), which was developed specifically to measure the inflammatory potential of diet, and risk of depression in the middle-aged cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
September 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Guillaume Airagnes, Cédric Lemogne, Nicolas Hoertel, Marcel Goldberg, Frédéric Limosin, Marie Zins
BACKGROUND: Only a few studies have examined whether specific moderators may impact the magnitude of the relationship between retirement and depression. The aim of this study was to examine the potential moderating role of adverse childhood life events (ACLE) on changes in depressive symptoms following retirement in the GAZEL cohort. METHODS: 9242 participants, followed up since 1989, completed the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CESD) every three years and were asked in 2004 to answer an ACLE questionnaire...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Elan D Louis, Stephanie Cosentino, Edward D Huey
BACKGROUND: Embarrassment can be a considerable problem for patients with essential tremor (ET) and is a major motivator for treatment. Depression is also a common feature of ET; as many as 35 % of patients report moderate to severe depressive symptoms. Our goal was to assess the associations between these motor and psychosocial factors (tremor, depression, embarrassment) in ET, with a particular interest in more fully assessing the possible association between depression and embarrassment...
2016: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
Emanuela Calandri, Federica Graziano, Martina Borghi, Silvia Bonino
PURPOSE: The study evaluated a group-based cognitive behavioral intervention aimed at promoting the quality of life and the psychological well-being of recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis (MS) patients (up to 3 years since the diagnosis). METHOD: The study involved 85 patients [59% women; mean age 37, SD = 12.3; 94% with relapsing-remitting MS; Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) between 1 and 4]. A quasi-experimental study design was applied; 54 patients (intervention group) participated in five group sessions, a 6-month post-intervention and a 1-year follow-up; 31 patients (comparison group) participated in activities routinely provided to recently diagnosed MS patients...
July 6, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
James Pryor, Abigail Larson, Mark DeBeliso
BACKGROUND: Concussive events frequently occur in high impact sports such as North American football. The long term effects of concussive events on physical and psychological wellbeing are the focus of ongoing research. The purpose of this study was to determine if concussive events increase the incidence of depression in active semi-professional and professional North American football players. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was sent to 200 players to collect the following self-reported data: position played, years played, number of concussions sustained and subsequent depressive symptoms using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD-R) scale...
March 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Julia B Ward, Mary N Haan, Maria E Garcia, Anne Lee, Tu My To, Allison E Aiello
PURPOSE: Low educational attainment has been associated with depression among Latinos. However, few studies have collected intergenerational data to assess mental health effects of educational mobility across generations. METHODS: Using data from the Niños Lifestyle and Diabetes Study, we assessed the influence of intergenerational education on depressive symptoms among 603 Mexican-origin individuals. Intergenerational educational mobility was classified: stable-low (low parent and/or low offspring education), upwardly mobile (low parent and/or high offspring education), stable-high (high parent and/or high offspring education), or downwardly mobile (high parent and/or low offspring education)...
July 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Andres Azuero, Kathleen D Lyons, Jay G Hull, Anna T Prescott, Tor Tosteson, Jennifer Frost, Konstantin H Dragnev, Marie A Bakitas
CONTEXT: Little is known about whether early palliative care (EPC) support for family caregivers (CGs) impacts depressive symptoms and grief after care recipients die. OBJECTIVES: To assess after-death CG depressive symptom and grief scores for early compared to delayed group CGs. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial (10/2010-9/2013) of an EPC telehealth intervention for CGs (n = 123) initiated at the time of care recipients' advanced cancer diagnosis (early group) or 12 weeks later (delayed group) in a rural comprehensive cancer center, affiliated clinics, and a Veterans Administration medical center...
September 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Paul J Silvia, Zuzana Mironovová, Ashley N McHone, Sarah H Sperry, Kelly L Harper, Thomas R Kwapil, Kari M Eddington
Research on depression and effort has suggested "depressive blunting"-lower cardiovascular reactivity in response to challenges and stressors. Many studies, however, find null effects or higher reactivity. The present research draws upon motivational intensity theory, a broad model of effort that predicts cases in which depressive symptoms should increase or decrease effort. Because depressive symptoms can influence task-difficulty appraisals-people see tasks as subjectively harder-people high in depressive symptoms should engage higher effort at objectively easier levels of difficulty but also quit sooner...
July 2016: Biological Psychology
Kathrin Milbury, Gabriel Lopez, Amy Spelman, Christopher Wood, Surena F Matin, Nizar M Tannir, Eric Jonasch, Louis Pisters, Qi Wei, Lorenzo Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To identify groups most likely to benefit from an Expressive Writing (EW) intervention, we examined psychosocial variables as intervention moderators. We hypothesized that EW would be particularly effective for participants with high levels of depressive symptoms and social support at study entry. METHODS: Patients (n = 277; 60.6% male) with kidney cancer were randomly assigned to either an expressive (EW) or neutral writing (NW) condition. Intervention outcomes included measures of depressive symptoms (CESD), cancer-related symptoms (MDASI), fatigue (BFI), and sleep disturbances (PSQI) assessed at baseline, 1, 4, and 10 months later...
May 3, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Miguel Pinedo, José Luis Burgos, María Luisa Zúñiga, Ramona Perez, Caroline A Macera, Victoria D Ojeda
This study describes the prevalence and factors of depressive symptoms among a sample of persons who inject drugs (PWID) with a history of deportation from the US in Tijuana, Mexico. In 2014, 132 deported PWID completed a structured questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Short Depression Scale (CESD-10) screening instrument. Eligible participants were ≥18 years old, injected drugs in the past month, spoke English or Spanish, and resided in Tijuana. Multivariate analyses identified factors associated with depressive symptoms...
April 30, 2016: Global Public Health
Yafei Tan, Ying Chen, Yaogui Lu, Liping Li
The primary aim of this study was to examine associations between problematic Internet use, depression and sleep disturbance, and explore whether there were differential effects of problematic Internet use and depression on sleep disturbance. A total of 1772 adolescents who participated in the Shantou Adolescent Mental Health Survey were recruited in 2012 in Shantou, China. The Chinese version of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) was used to evaluate the prevalence and severity of Internet addiction. The Chinese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), a 10-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD-10), and other socio-demographic measures were also completed...
March 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Janine Reunert, Manfred Fobker, Frank Kannenberg, Ingrid Du Chesne, Maria Plate, Judith Wellhausen, Stephan Rust, Thorsten Marquardt
Niemann Pick type C (NP-C) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder caused by an impairment of intracellular lipid transport. Due to the heterogeneous clinical phenotype and the lack of a reliable blood test, diagnosis and therapy are often delayed for years. In the cell, accumulating cholesterol leads to increased formation of oxysterols that can be used as a powerful screening parameter for NP-C. In a large scale study, we evaluated the oxysterol cholestane-3β,5α,6β-triol (c-triol) as potential biomarker for a rapid diagnosis of NP-C...
February 2016: EBioMedicine
Feng-Jen Tsai
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the impact of grandchild care provision on elders' mental health by self-comparison and longitudinal study design. METHOD: Information of 2930 grandparents from the Study of Health and Living Status of the Middle-Aged and Elderly in Taiwan were analysed. Elders' mental health was evaluated by Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale in both 2003 and 2007. Participants were divided into 4 groups based on their changing behaviour of caring for grandchildren from 2003 to 2007...
May 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
William S Shaw, Jan Hartvigsen, Mary J Woiszwillo, Steven J Linton, Silje E Reme
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the measurement scales and levels of psychological distress reported among published studies of acute low back pain (LBP) in the scientific literature. DATA SOURCES: Peer-reviewed scientific literature found in 8 citation index search engines (CINAHL, Embase, MANTIS, PsycINFO, PubMed, Web of Science, AMED, and Academic Search Premier) for the period from January 1, 1966, to April 30, 2015, in English, Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish languages...
September 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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