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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892613/depressive-symptoms-prediabetes-and-incident-diabetes-in-older-english-adults
#1
Eva Graham, Bonnie Au, Norbert Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the risk of diabetes in older adults with elevated depressive symptoms, prediabetes, or both. METHOD: This study included 4129 participants from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Participants were followed from Wave 2 (2004-2005) to Wave 6 (2012-2013). The 8-item Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD) scale was used to measure depressive symptoms in the past week, which were categorized as no/low, mild, or high...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889051/the-trajectory-of-negative-mood-and-depressive-symptoms-over-two-decades
#2
Katherine E Campbell, Lorraine Dennerstein, Mark Tacey, Cassandra E Szoeke
OBJECTIVE: Research aimed at understanding the temporal characteristics of depressive symptoms and negative mood in an older female population is lacking, despite the relationship between the two factors being well established. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of negative mood scores and depressive symptom scores in a longitudinal sample of women transitioning from mid-life to late life. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a longitudinal assessment of variables drawn from an epidemiological prospective study of women's healthy ageing...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888968/predictors-of-depression-among-seropositive-batswana-men-and-women-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#3
Christopher Lance Coleman
The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to describe predictors of depressive symptoms among N=70 seropositive Botswana men and women residing in Gaborne, Botswana. A demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, (CESD-D), and the SF-36 [Quality of life] were administered. The questionnaires were translated and back translated in Setswana and administered by Batswana men and women. The results of the regression analyses resulted in two calculated models. In the first Model energy/fatigue explained 46% of the variance in depressive symptoms (P=...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854287/caregiving-and-its-resulting-effects-the-care-study-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-caregiving-on-caregivers-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-in-singapore
#4
Cheryl Kai Ting Chua, Jun Tian Wu, Yin Yee Wong, Limin Qu, Yung Ying Tan, Patricia Soek Hui Neo, Grace Suyin Pang
Informal caregivers (IC) are key to enabling home deaths, where preferred, at the end-of-life. Significant morbidity from advanced cancer can make caregiving burdensome. However, knowledge about the nature of the caregiving burden for caregivers in Singapore is limited. Hence, the key objective in this study was to examine the impact of the caregiving burden on quality of life (QOL), mental health and work capacity among local ICs. Eligible English-speaking ICs of hospitalized advanced cancer patients were recruited through non-random sampling...
November 15, 2016: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847483/screening-for-postpartum-depression-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Xinli Chi, Peichao Zhang, Haiyan Wu, Jian Wang
Objectives: This study examined what percentage of Chinese mothers during a three-year postpartum period were screened for postpartum depression and explored the correlation between postpartum depression and various socio-demographic, psychological, and cultural factors. Study design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: A total of 506 mothers 23 years of age and older who were within three years postpartum completed the online survey. The survey collected information such as family economic status, a history of depression, preparation for pregnancy, relationships with husbands, and family members, adult attachment types (Adult Attachment Scale, AAS), and depression (The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CESD)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779573/individual-frailty-components-and-mortality-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#6
Mara A McAdams-DeMarco, Hao Ying, Israel Olorundare, Elizabeth A King, Christine Haugen, Brian Buta, Alden L Gross, Rita Kalyani, Niraj M Desai, Nabil N Dagher, Bonnie E Lonze, Robert A Montgomery, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Jeremy D Walston, Dorry L Segev
BACKGROUND: Frailty increases early hospital readmission and mortality risk among kidney transplant (KT) recipients. While frailty represents a high-risk state for this population, the correlates of frailty, the patterns of the 5 frailty components, and the risk associated with these patterns are unclear. METHODS: 663 KT recipients were enrolled in a cohort study of frailty in transplantation (12/2008-8/2015). Frailty, ADL/IADL disability, CESD depression, education, and HRQOL were measured...
October 25, 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732076/how-does-neighborhood-quality-moderate-the-association-between-online-video-game-play-and-depression-a-population-level-analysis-of-korean-students
#7
Harris Hyun-Soo Kim, Sun Joo Grace Ahn
The main objective of our study is to assess the relationship between playing online video games and mental wellbeing of adolescents based on a nationally representative sample. Data come from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS), a government-funded multiyear research project. Through a secondary analysis of W2 and W3 of data collected in 2011 and 2012, we examine the extent to which time spent playing online games is related to depression, as measured by a battery of items modeled after the abridged version of Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Revised (CESD-R)...
October 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658881/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-adherence-and-depression-in-patients-with-hiv-a-three-arm-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Steven A Safren, C Andres Bedoya, Conall O'Cleirigh, Katie B Biello, Megan M Pinkston, Michael D Stein, Lara Traeger, Erna Kojic, Gregory K Robbins, Jonathan A Lerner, Debra S Herman, Matthew J Mimiaga, Kenneth H Mayer
BACKGROUND: Depression is highly prevalent in people with HIV and has consistently been associated with poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. Integrating cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for depression with adherence counselling using the Life-Steps approach (CBT-AD) has an emerging evidence base. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of CBT-AD. METHODS: In this three-arm randomised controlled trial in HIV-positive adults with depression, we compared CBT-AD with information and supportive psychotherapy plus adherence counselling using the Life-Steps approach (ISP-AD), and with enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) including Life-Steps adherence counselling only...
September 19, 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633655/association-between-frequency-of-fried-food-consumption-and-resilience-to-depression-in-japanese-company-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Eisho Yoshikawa, Daisuke Nishi, Yutaka J Matsuoka
BACKGROUND: Long-chain n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3/n-6 PUFA) play important roles in emotional regulation. We previously reported an association between fish consumption, which is major source of LC n-3 PUFA, and resilience to depression, where resilience is the ability to cope with stress in the face of adversity. Although the traditional Japanese dietary pattern of high fish consumption is associated with low depressive symptoms, the current Japanese diet pattern has become westernized...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618799/effectiveness-of-a-culturally-attuned-internet-based-depression-prevention-program-for-chinese-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Patrick Ip, David Chim, Ko Ling Chan, Tim M H Li, Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Benjamin W Van Voorhees, Agnes Tiwari, Anita Tsang, Charlie Wai Leung Chan, Matthew Ho, Winnie Tso, Wilfred Hing Sang Wong
BACKGROUND: Depression prevention among adolescents is crucial for reducing the global disease burden. Internet-based depression prevention approaches are found to be effective but they were mostly evaluated in a Western context. Grasping the Opportunity is a Chinese Internet intervention, which was translated and modified from CATCH-IT developed in the West. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Grasp the Opportunity in reducing depressive symptoms in Chinese adolescents. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, Chinese adolescents aged 13 to 17 years with mild-to-moderate depressive symptoms were recruited from three secondary schools in Hong Kong...
September 13, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552471/depressive-symptoms-across-the-menopause-transition-findings-from-a-large-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Martha Hickey, Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Hadine Joffe, Gita D Mishra
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the trajectories of depressive symptoms in a large population-based cohort of midaged women, and to examine the associations of current and changing reproductive stage with depressive symptoms over time. METHODS: Prospective, population-based cohort study of 13,715 women aged 45 to 50 years followed up for over 15 years (Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health). Nearly 6,000 women provided complete data for this study...
December 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525634/efficacy-of-double-scope-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-and-long-term-outcomes-of-endoscopic-resection-for-superficial-pharyngeal-carcinomas
#12
Toshiyuki Yoshio, Tomohiro Tsuchida, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Masami Omae, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Junko Fujisaki, Yukiko Sato, Tohru Sasaki, Kazuyoshi Kawabata, Masahiro Igarashi
OBJECTIVES: Owing to increased awareness and the use of narrow band imaging, there are more opportunities to treat superficial pharyngeal cancer (SPC). This study aimed to describe the short- and long-term outcomes of ER (endoscopic resection) for SPC. METHODS: This study included 166 consecutive SPCs in 113 patients treated during 2006-2013 at one referral cancer center. In the first period, we treated patients using endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), in the second period using conventional ESD (cESD) and in the recent period using double-scope ESD (dsESD), which involves a second thin endoscope for assistance to produce traction...
August 15, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498949/association-between-inflammatory-potential-of-diet-and-risk-of-depression-in-middle-aged-women-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#13
Nitin Shivappa, Danielle A J M Schoenaker, James R Hebert, Gita D Mishra
Dietary factors and inflammation markers have been shown to play a role in the development of depression. However, there are very few studies that have explored the association between inflammatory potential of diet and risk of depression. In this study, we examined the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII), which was developed specifically to measure the inflammatory potential of diet, and risk of depression in the middle-aged cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
September 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471842/childhood-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms-following-retirement-in-the-gazel-cohort
#14
Guillaume Airagnes, Cédric Lemogne, Nicolas Hoertel, Marcel Goldberg, Frédéric Limosin, Marie Zins
BACKGROUND: Only a few studies have examined whether specific moderators may impact the magnitude of the relationship between retirement and depression. The aim of this study was to examine the potential moderating role of adverse childhood life events (ACLE) on changes in depressive symptoms following retirement in the GAZEL cohort. METHODS: 9242 participants, followed up since 1989, completed the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CESD) every three years and were asked in 2004 to answer an ACLE questionnaire...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429787/depressive-symptoms-can-amplify-embarrassment-in-essential-tremor
#15
Elan D Louis, Stephanie Cosentino, Edward D Huey
BACKGROUND: Embarrassment can be a considerable problem for patients with essential tremor (ET) and is a major motivator for treatment. Depression is also a common feature of ET; as many as 35 % of patients report moderate to severe depressive symptoms. Our goal was to assess the associations between these motor and psychosocial factors (tremor, depression, embarrassment) in ET, with a particular interest in more fully assessing the possible association between depression and embarrassment...
2016: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385055/improving-the-quality-of-life-and-psychological-well-being-of-recently-diagnosed-multiple-sclerosis-patients-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-group-based-cognitive-behavioral-intervention
#16
Emanuela Calandri, Federica Graziano, Martina Borghi, Silvia Bonino
PURPOSE: The study evaluated a group-based cognitive behavioral intervention aimed at promoting the quality of life and the psychological well-being of recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis (MS) patients (up to 3 years since the diagnosis). METHOD: The study involved 85 patients [59% women; mean age 37, SD = 12.3; 94% with relapsing-remitting MS; Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) between 1 and 4]. A quasi-experimental study design was applied; 54 patients (intervention group) participated in five group sessions, a 6-month post-intervention and a 1-year follow-up; 31 patients (comparison group) participated in activities routinely provided to recently diagnosed MS patients...
July 6, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358835/the-prevalence-of-depression-and-concussions-in-a-sample-of-active-north-american-semi-professional-and-professional-football-players
#17
James Pryor, Abigail Larson, Mark DeBeliso
BACKGROUND: Concussive events frequently occur in high impact sports such as North American football. The long term effects of concussive events on physical and psychological wellbeing are the focus of ongoing research. The purpose of this study was to determine if concussive events increase the incidence of depression in active semi-professional and professional North American football players. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was sent to 200 players to collect the following self-reported data: position played, years played, number of concussions sustained and subsequent depressive symptoms using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD-R) scale...
March 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346705/intergenerational-education-mobility-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-population-of-mexican-origin
#18
Julia B Ward, Mary N Haan, Maria E Garcia, Anne Lee, Tu My To, Allison E Aiello
PURPOSE: Low educational attainment has been associated with depression among Latinos. However, few studies have collected intergenerational data to assess mental health effects of educational mobility across generations. METHODS: Using data from the Niños Lifestyle and Diabetes Study, we assessed the influence of intergenerational education on depressive symptoms among 603 Mexican-origin individuals. Intergenerational educational mobility was classified: stable-low (low parent and/or low offspring education), upwardly mobile (low parent and/or high offspring education), stable-high (high parent and/or high offspring education), or downwardly mobile (high parent and/or low offspring education)...
July 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265814/family-caregiver-depressive-symptom-and-grief-outcomes-from-the-enable-iii-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Andres Azuero, Kathleen D Lyons, Jay G Hull, Anna T Prescott, Tor Tosteson, Jennifer Frost, Konstantin H Dragnev, Marie A Bakitas
CONTEXT: Little is known about whether early palliative care (EPC) support for family caregivers (CGs) impacts depressive symptoms and grief after care recipients die. OBJECTIVES: To assess after-death CG depressive symptom and grief scores for early compared to delayed group CGs. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial (10/2010-9/2013) of an EPC telehealth intervention for CGs (n = 123) initiated at the time of care recipients' advanced cancer diagnosis (early group) or 12 weeks later (delayed group) in a rural comprehensive cancer center, affiliated clinics, and a Veterans Administration medical center...
September 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174723/do-depressive-symptoms-blunt-effort-an-analysis-of-cardiac-engagement-and-withdrawal-for-an-increasingly-difficult-task
#20
Paul J Silvia, Zuzana Mironovová, Ashley N McHone, Sarah H Sperry, Kelly L Harper, Thomas R Kwapil, Kari M Eddington
Research on depression and effort has suggested "depressive blunting"-lower cardiovascular reactivity in response to challenges and stressors. Many studies, however, find null effects or higher reactivity. The present research draws upon motivational intensity theory, a broad model of effort that predicts cases in which depressive symptoms should increase or decrease effort. Because depressive symptoms can influence task-difficulty appraisals-people see tasks as subjectively harder-people high in depressive symptoms should engage higher effort at objectively easier levels of difficulty but also quit sooner...
July 2016: Biological Psychology
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