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Spitz nevus

Francesco Ricci, Andrea Paradisi, Giorgio Annessi, Mauro Paradisi, Damiano Abeni
BACKGROUND: The solitary form of Spitz nevus is a common clinical entity in children, typically occurring on the face and extremities. However, less frequent variants of Spitz nevi, such as agminated forms and eruptive disseminated Spitz nevi (EDSN), have been described. The agminated form is characterised by localised clusters or segmental distribution of Spitz nevi on the face, back, or extremities. First described as "eruptive juvenile melanomata", EDSN is the rarest clinical variant, consisting of a widespread eruption of Spitz nevi, most frequently involving the trunk, buttocks, and proximal limbs, and usually occurs in the second to third decade of life...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
Julien Pontoizeau, Andrea Stefan, François Comoz, Aurélie Houlier, Véronique Haddad, Daniel Pissaloux, Arnaud de la Fouchardiere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
Alfredo Agulló, Brian Hinds, Raquel Santesteban, Josune Mitxelena Mitxelena, Ignacio Yanguas
Agminated melanocytic nevus is an uncommon type of mole, characterized by a local group of macular or papular pigmented lesions, well demarcated, without a common pigmented background. This pattern has also been associated with Spitz nevi, dysplastic melanocytic nevi, and non-melanocytic lesions.We describe the onset of an acquired agminated melanocytic nevus after dabrafenib treatment. Our case highlights paradoxical MAPK activation in the setting of single-agent BRAF blockade and underscores the importance of characterizing the diverse side effects of selective BRAF inhibitors...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Jianxin Xia, Yanlong Wang, Fuqiu Li, Jinfeng Wang, Yan Mu, Xianglin Mei, Xue Li, Wenjing Zhu, Xianhua Jin, Kai Yu
Malignant melanoma (MM) is a type of malignant tumor, which originates from neural crest melanocytes. MM progresses rapidly and results in a high mortality rate. The present study aims to investigate the expression of microphthalmia transcription factor (MITF), the S100 protein, and HMB-45 in MM and pigmented nevi. A total of 32 MM samples (including three skin metastasis, three lymph node metastasis and two spindle cell MM samples), two Spitz nevus samples, four pigmented nevus samples and two blue nevus samples were collected...
September 2016: Biomedical Reports
Roberta Colucci, Vittorio Berruti, Silvia Moretti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Anthony P Fernandez, Steven D Billings, Wilma F Bergfeld, Jennifer S Ko, Melissa P Piliang
BACKGROUND: Pagetoid Spitz nevus is an uncommon Spitz nevus variant characterized by a predominantly intraepidermal proliferation of single epithelioid melanocytes. Recognition of this variant is important to avoid misdiagnosis as melanoma. METHODS: We reviewed and characterized 12 pagetoid Spitz nevi diagnosed at a tertiary care institution over the past 25 years. RESULTS: All patients were female and average age at biopsy was 34 years. Clinically, 83% (10 out of 12) were located on an extremity and all were ≤ 6 mm in diameter...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Carmelo Urso
BACKGROUND: Spitzoid neoplasms may pose significant diagnostic problems because in a fraction of them it is quite difficult or impossible to establish if they are benign or malignant lesions. An extraordinarily large number of studies have been made in attempts to solve this problem; regrettably, the histological criteria proposed and the various special sophisticated techniques employed have proven to be ineffective in making this distinction with confidence. OBJECTIVES: To explore the possible causes for this diagnostic failure and an attempt to identify the source of this problem...
April 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Betul Tas, Serdar Altinay, Ugur Izol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
C Stefanaki, K Stefanaki, L Chardalias, E Soura, A Stratigos
Atypical Spitzoid neoplasms represent a controversial and incompletely defined diagnostic category for lesions with intermediate architecture and cytomorphology between Spitz nevus and melanoma. The vast majority of these neoplasms have a good overall prognosis. Only a small proportion of patients will end up developing distant metastases and death. The distinction between Spitz tumours with atypical features and Spitzoid melanoma remains difficult on clinical and histological grounds and the prediction of the biological behaviour of those tumours even with sentinel lymph node biopsy is impossible...
August 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Emily H Smith, Lori Lowe, Paul W Harms, Douglas R Fullen, May P Chan
BACKGROUND: Expression of p16 is frequently evaluated in melanocytic lesions. Expression of p16 in cutaneous histiocytic, fibrohistiocytic and undifferentiated lesions has not been well characterized. METHODS: We evaluated p16 expression in a cohort of histiocytic (reticulohistiocytoma, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, xanthogranuloma, Rosai Dorfman disease and xanthoma), fibrohistiocytic (dermatofibroma, epithelioid fibrous histiocytoma and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans) and undifferentiated (atypical fibroxanthoma and pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma) lesions...
August 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Jeong Hee Cho-Vega
Atypical spitzoid tumors are a morphologically diverse group of rare melanocytic lesions most frequently seen in children and young adults. As atypical spitzoid tumors bear striking resemblance to Spitz nevus and spitzoid melanomas clinically and histopathologically, it is crucial to determine its malignant potential and predict its clinical behavior. To date, many researchers have attempted to differentiate atypical spitzoid tumors from unequivocal melanomas based on morphological, immonohistochemical, and molecular diagnostic differences...
July 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Angel Fernandez-Flores, Marcela Saeb-Lima
We report on a Spitz nevus intermingling with a hemangioma in the same biopsy from the right thigh of a 10-year-old boy. The hemangioma was made of dilated vessels in superficial areas but of narrow and angulated vessels in the deep and lateral zones. The Spitz nevus was typical, showing maturation, and no worrisome cytological features. The immunohistochemical study demonstrated expression by the vascular component of CD31, CD34, factor VIII-related antigen, and Wilms tumor 1, whereas the vessels did not express D2-40 human herpes virus 8 or glucose transporter-1...
October 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Mario Vaccaro, Umberto Romeo, Carmelo Romeo, Maria Lentini
Pigmented mucosal lesions represent a group of rare entities with different etiopathogenetic origins, histopathologic features, dermoscopic appearances, and clinical course. Solitary pigmented lesions of melanocytic origin are uncommon in the oral mucosa, and intraoral occurrence of Spitz nevus is very rare. Here we present a case of Spitz nevus occurring on the hard palate of a 26-month-old boy.
March 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Joanna Jaworek-Korjakowska, Paweł Kłeczek
BACKGROUND: Given its propensity to metastasize, and lack of effective therapies for most patients with advanced disease, early detection of melanoma is a clinical imperative. Different computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems have been proposed to increase the specificity and sensitivity of melanoma detection. Although such computer programs are developed for different diagnostic algorithms, to the best of our knowledge, a system to classify different melanocytic lesions has not been proposed yet...
2016: BioMed Research International
Gérald E Piérard, Claudine Piérard-Franchimont, Philippe Delvenne
During the recent period, dermoscopy has yielded improvement in the early disclosure of various atypical melanocytic neoplasms (AMN) of the skin. Beyond this clinical procedure, AMN histopathology remains mandatory for establishing their precise diagnosis. Of note, panels of experts in AMN merely report moderate agreement in various puzzling cases. Divergences in opinion and misdiagnosis are likely increased when histopathological criteria are not fine-tuned and when facing a diversity of AMN types. Furthermore, some AMN have been differently named in the literature including atypical Spitz tumor, metastasizing Spitz tumor, borderline and intermediate melanocytic tumor, malignant Spitz nevus, pigmented epithelioid melanocytoma or animal-type melanoma...
February 10, 2015: Oncology Reviews
Dong Yeup Lee, Jong Heon Baek, Dong Joo Kim, Soo Kyung Lee, Myoung Shin Kim, Un Ha Lee, Jeong Hee Hahm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Annals of Dermatology
Patrick W Shields, Frederick A Jakobiec, Anna M Stagner, Michael K Yoon
A 16-year-old boy developed over a 2-month interval a lightly pigmented left upper eyelid lesion measuring 1.5 mm in greatest diameter that, when excised, microscopically was hypercellular and composed almost exclusively of nonpigmented epithelioid cells that created florid, large intraepidermal junctional nests and sheets and nests of subepidermal cells. The diagnosis was a Spitz nevus. HMB-45, MART-1, and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor were all positive and established the melanocytic nature of the benign tumor...
March 2016: Survey of Ophthalmology
Elvira Moscarella, Aimilios Lallas, Athanassios Kyrgidis, Gerardo Ferrara, Caterina Longo, Massimiliano Scalvenzi, Stefania Staibano, Cristina Carrera, M Alba Díaz, Paolo Broganelli, Carlo Tomasini, Stefano Cavicchini, Raffaele Gianotti, Susana Puig, Josep Malvehy, Pedro Zaballos, Giovanni Pellacani, Giuseppe Argenziano
BACKGROUND: Few studies have described the clinical and dermoscopic features of atypical Spitz tumors. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the clinical and dermoscopic features of a series of atypical Spitz tumors as compared with those of conventional Spitz nevi. METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective, case-control study, analyzing the clinical and dermoscopic characteristics of 55 atypical Spitz tumors and 110 Spitz nevi that were excised and diagnosed histopathologically...
November 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Amanda Filiberto, Christine Fuller, Jennifer Rhodes
A case of atypical ("pagetoid") compound Spitz nevus on the face of a 2-year-old girl is reported with a review of the literature. The nevus was composed of broad but laterally demarcated compound proliferation of enlarged fusiform and epithelioid melanocytes, with florid pagetoid scatter above the junction. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed the Ki-67 proliferation index to be relatively low. Given the histomorphological overlap with melanoma, an array-based comparative genomic hybridization approach revealed a subthreshold gain in chromosome 1q and gain in distal chromosome 17q, with no other associated chromosomal gains or losses...
2015: Eplasty
Kelly L Harms, Lori Lowe, Douglas R Fullen, Paul W Harms
Spitzoid melanocytic lesions encompass a spectrum from benign Spitz nevi to malignant spitzoid melanomas. Spitzoid melanocytic neoplasms have significant morphologic and molecular differences from conventional melanocytic lesions, and prediction of biologic behavior and metastatic risk may be difficult. Most challenging is the atypical Spitz tumor, a borderline spitzoid melanocytic lesion of uncertain malignant potential that has overlapping histologic features with conventional Spitz nevus and spitzoid melanoma...
October 2015: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
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