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Paramedic EMS Ambulance Prehospital

Anriada Nassif, Daniel G Ostermayer, Kim B Hoang, Mary K Claiborne, Elizabeth A Camp, Manish I Shah
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress due to asthma is a common reason for pediatric emergency medical services (EMS) transports. Timely initiation of asthma treatment, including glucocorticoids, improves hospital outcomes. The impact of EMS-administered glucocorticoids on hospital-based outcomes for pediatric asthma patients is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an evidence-based pediatric EMS asthma protocol update, inclusive of oral glucocorticoid administration, on time to hospital discharge...
January 19, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Torben K Becker, Christian Martin-Gill, Clifton W Callaway, Francis X Guyette, Christopher Schott
OBJECTIVE: Prehospital ultrasound is not yet widely implemented. Most studies report on convenience samples and trauma patients, often by prehospital physicians or critical care clinicians. We assessed the feasibility of paramedic performed prehospital lung ultrasound in medical patients with respiratory distress. METHODS: Paramedics at 2 ambulance stations in the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA underwent a 2-hour training session in prehospital lung ultrasound using the SonoSite iViz, a handheld ultrasound device...
March 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Melanie Villani, Natalie Nanayakkara, Sanjeeva Ranasinha, Arul Earnest, Karen Smith, Georgia Soldatos, Helena Teede, Sophia Zoungas
AIMS: This study examines prehospital Emergency Medical Service (EMS) utilisation and patterns of demand for hyperglycaemia management, including characteristics of individuals and factors related to hospital transport. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A state-wide, community-based observational study of all patients requiring prehospital EMS for hyperglycaemia during a 7 year study period (Jan 2009-Dec 2015) using electronic data from the Ambulance Victoria data warehouse was conducted...
2017: PloS One
Scott Ducharme, Brandon Kramer, David Gelbart, Caroline Colleran, Brian Risavi, Jestin N Carlson
BACKGROUND: Prehospital intubation poses several unique challenges. Video assisted laryngoscopy has been shown to help increase intubation success in the hospital setting; however, little prospective data have examined video assisted laryngoscopy in traditional ground ambulance agencies. METHODS: We performed a randomized, cross-over, non-blinded trial in ground ambulances comparing first attempt success and overall intubation success between video assisted laryngoscopy using the King Video Laryngoscope (KVL) and direct laryngoscopy (DL)...
May 2017: Resuscitation
Eric J Cortez, Ashish R Panchal, James E Davis, David P Keseg
Introduction The staffing of ambulances with different levels of Emergency Medical Service (EMS) providers is a difficult decision with evidence being mixed on the benefit of each model. Hypothesis/Problem The objective of this study was to describe a pilot program evaluating alternative staffing on two ambulances utilizing the paramedic-basic (PB) model (staffed with one paramedic and one emergency medical technician[EMT]). METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted from September 17, 2013 through December 31, 2013...
April 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Jörg C Brokmann, Clemens Conrad, Rolf Rossaint, Sebastian Bergrath, Stefan K Beckers, Miriam Tamm, Michael Czaplik, Frederik Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Prehospital treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in German emergency medical services (EMSs) is reserved for EMS physicians due to legal issues. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective, interventional, multicenter trial was to evaluate the quality of telemedically-delegated therapy and the possible complications in patients with ACS. METHODS: After approval by the ethics committee and trial registration, a one-year study phase was started in August 2012 with 5 ambulances, telemedically equipped and staffed with paramedics, in 4 German EMS districts...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Lucas A Myers, Charles G Gallet, Logan J Kolb, Christine M Lohse, Christopher S Russi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify factors associated with successful endotracheal intubation (ETI) by a multisite emergency medical services (EMS) agency. METHODS: We collected data from the electronic prehospital record for all ETI attempts made from January through May 2010 by paramedics and other EMS crew members at a single multistate agency. If documentation was incomplete, the study team contacted the paramedic. Paramedics use the current National Association of EMS Physicians definition of an ETI attempt (laryngoscope blade entering the mouth)...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Michael A Smyth, Samantha J Brace-McDonnell, Gavin D Perkins
OBJECTIVE: Early identification of sepsis could enable prompt delivery of key interventions such as fluid resuscitation and antibiotic administration which, in turn, may lead to improved patient outcomes. Limited data indicate that recognition of sepsis by paramedics is often poor. We systematically reviewed the literature on prehospital sepsis screening tools to determine whether they improved sepsis recognition. DESIGN: Systematic review. The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library and PubMed were systematically searched up to June 2015...
August 5, 2016: BMJ Open
C Mac Donncha, N Cummins, D Hennelly, A Hannigan, D Ryan
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services (EMS) practitioners in Ireland have been recently licensed to use continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) ventilation for patients with pulmonary oedema. Both the British Thoracic Society and the Canadian Medical Association advocate the use of CPAP in hospital for patients with severe exacerbations of pulmonary oedema. AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify prehospital patients in the Midwest, over a 6-month period, which could potentially benefit from CPAP if it were available in the National Ambulance Service...
May 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Marc Felzen, Jörg C Brokmann, Stefan K Beckers, Michael Czaplik, Frederik Hirsch, Miriam Tamm, Rolf Rossaint, Sebastian Bergrath
INTRODUCTION: Telemedical concepts in emergency medical services (EMS) lead to improved process times and patient outcomes, but their technical performance has thus far been insufficient; nevertheless, the concept was transferred into EMS routine care in Aachen, Germany. This study evaluated the system's technical performance and compared it to a precursor system. METHODS: The telemedicine system was implemented on seven ambulances and a teleconsultation centre staffed with experienced EMS physicians was established in April 2014...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Helen Pocock, Charles D Deakin, Tom Quinn, Gavin D Perkins, Jessica Horton, Simon Gates
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to develop prehospital research capability in order to improve the care of patients presenting to emergency medical services (EMS). The Prehospital Randomised Assessment of a Mechanical compression Device In Cardiac arrest trial, a pragmatic cluster randomised trial evaluating the LUCAS-2 device, represents the largest randomised controlled trial conducted by UK ambulance services to date. The aim of this study was to identify and analyse factors that may influence paramedic attitudes to, and participation in, clinical trials...
August 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
J C Brokmann, R Rossaint, F Hirsch, S K Beckers, M Czaplik, M Chowanetz, M Tamm, S Bergrath
BACKGROUND: In German emergency medical services (EMS), the analgesia is restricted to physicians. In this prospective, interventional, multicentre trial, complications with and quality of telemedically delegated analgesia were evaluated. METHODS: If prehospital analgesia was necessary, five telemedically equipped paramedic ambulances from four different districts could consult a telemedicine centre. Analgesics were delegated based on a predefined algorithm. Telemedically assisted cases were compared with local historical regular EMS missions using matched pairs...
August 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Dominick Shelton, Paul Sinclair
Clinical handovers of patient care among healthcare professionals is vulnerable to the loss of important clinical information. A verbal report is typically provided by paramedics and documented by emergency department (ED) triage nurses. Paramedics subsequently complete a patient care report which is submitted electronically. This emergency medical system (EMS) patient care report often contains details of paramedic assessment and management that is not all captured in the nursing triage note. EMS patient care reports are often unavailable for review by emergency physicians and nurses...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Z Nehme, E Andrew, S Bernard, K Smith
BACKGROUND: Resuscitation guidelines often recommend ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) efforts to hospital for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) witnessed by emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. In this study, we examine the relationship between EMS CPR duration and survival to hospital discharge in EMS witnessed OHCA patients. METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2011, 1035 adult EMS witnessed arrests of presumed cardiac aetiology were included from the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry...
March 2016: Resuscitation
Søren Mikkelsen, Andreas J Krüger, Stine T Zwisler, Anne C Brøchner
BACKGROUND: Prehospital care provided by specially trained, physician-based emergency services (P-EMS) is an integrated part of the emergency medical systems in many developed countries. To what extent P-EMS increases survival and favourable outcomes is still unclear. The aim of the study was thus to investigate ambulance runs initially assigned 'life-saving missions' with emphasis on long-term outcome in patients treated by the Mobile Emergency Care Unit (MECU) in Odense, Denmark METHODS: All MECU runs are registered in a database by the attending physician, stating, among other parameters, the treatment given, outcome of the treatment and the patient's diagnosis...
January 7, 2015: BMJ Open
Kathleen E Kane, Robert J Tomsho, Karen Pheasant, Thomas Stauffer, Brent Schoenfeldt, Scott Hamilton, Travis Kain, Bryan G Kane
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital postresuscitation induced hypothermia (IH) has been shown to reduce neurological complications in comatose cardiac-arrest survivors. Retrofitting ambulances to include equipment appropriate to initiate hypothermia, such as refrigeration units for cooled saline, is expensive. The objective of this nonhuman subject research study was to determine if inexpensive, commercially available coolers could, in conjunction with five reusable ice packs, keep two 1 L bags of precooled 0...
June 2014: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
A Gries, W Lenz, P Stahl, R Spiess, T Luiz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that when using several emergency systems and air rescue prehospital and on-scene times are extended, depending on the dispatch strategy. Emergency medical services (EMS) in Germany are delivered by ambulances (AMB) staffed by paramedics alone or with physicians (EMD) and by helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) always staffed by both. The advantages of HEMS in countries with short transport distances and high hospital density are controversial...
July 2014: Der Anaesthesist
Mohit Sharma, Ethan S Brandler
India is the second most populous country in the world. Currently, India does not have a centralized body which provides guidelines for training and operation of Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Emergency Medical Services are fragmented and not accessible throughout the country. Most people do not know the number to call in case of an emergency; services such as Dial 108/102/1298 Ambulances, Centralized Accident and Trauma Service (CATS), and private ambulance models exist with wide variability in their dispatch and transport capabilities...
June 2014: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Jeffrey D Ho, Rebecca K Ansari, David Page
BACKGROUND: Hand sanitizing, although often a "forgotten" practice, has been demonstrated to be a leading factor in preventing infectious disease transmission in health care environments. Previous studies have looked at hand-sanitization rates in hospital settings, but we are aware of very few describing this in the prehospital setting. Because emergency medical services (EMS) providers are potential vectors of infectious disease spread, it is important to know if their hand-sanitization practices are sufficient...
August 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Saleh Fares, Furqan B Irfan, Robert F Corder, Muuneer Abdulla Al Marzouqi, Ahmad Hasan Al Zaabi, Marwa Mubarak Idrees, Michael Abbo
It has been a decade since emergency medicine was recognized as a specialty in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In this short time, emergency medicine has established itself and developed rapidly in the UAE. Large, well-equipped emergency departments (EDs) are usually located in government hospitals, some of which function as regional trauma centers. Most of the larger EDs are staffed with medically or surgically trained physicians, with board-certified emergency medicine physicians serving as consultants overseeing care...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
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