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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926403/pathways-from-sexual-stigma-to-incident-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-nigerian-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Rebecca G Nowak, Rashelle Musci, Danielle German, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Blessing Kayode, Hongjie Liu, Oye Gureje, Trevor A Crowell, Stefan Baral, Man Charurat
OBJECTIVES: Sexual stigma affecting men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nigeria may be an important driver of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but potential mechanisms through which this occurs are not well understood. This study assessed the contributions of suicidal ideation and sexual risk behaviors to causal pathways between stigma and HIV/STIs. DESIGN: Data were collected from the TRUST/RV368 Study, a prospective cohort of 1,480 MSM from Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920768/sexually-transmitted-infections-compelling-case-for-an-improved-screening-strategy
#2
Stephen Hull, Seán Kelley, Janice L Clarke
Sexually Transmitted Infections: Compelling Case for an Improved Screening Strategy Stephen Hull, MHS, Seán Kelley, MD, MSc, and Janice L. Clarke, RN, BBA Editorial: Sexually Transmitted Infections-A Fixable Problem: David B. Nash, MD, MBA   S-3 Introduction   S-3 Rising Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STIs)   S-4 Current Screening Rates for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea   S-4 The Human Toll and Economic Burden of STI-Related Illness   S-5 Current Screening Guidelines for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea   S-5 Factors Contributing to Inadequate Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment for STIs   S-6 Methods Used to Improve Screening Rates   S-7 Benefits of Opt-Out Screening Strategies for STIs   S-8 Cost-Effectiveness of Screening for STIs   S-8 Discussion   S-9 Conclusion   S-10...
September 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910359/prevalence-and-determinants-of-oral-infection-by-human-papillomavirus-in-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Francesca Rollo, Alessandra Latini, Barbara Pichi, Manuela Colafigli, Maria Benevolo, Ilenia Sinopoli, Isabella Sperduti, Valentina Laquintana, Giulia Fabbri, Mirko Frasca, Antonio Cristaudo, Massimo Giuliani, Maria Gabriella Donà
BACKGROUND: Oral Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection is rare in the general population but common in high-risk individuals. Recent data indicate that oral HPV is associated with the development of head and neck carcinomas. HPV16 infection, in particular, increases the risk of oropharyngeal cancer. METHODS: We evaluated oral HPV prevalence and determinants of infection in cancer-free HIV-infected and uninfected men who have sex with men (MSM) recruited among attendees of an STI/HIV centre...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903727/uptake-of-health-services-among-truck-drivers-in-south-africa-analysis-of-routine-data-from-nine-roadside-wellness-centres
#4
Samanta Tresha Lalla-Edward, Sydney Ncube, Paul Matthew, Catherine A Hankins, W D Francois Venter, Gabriela B Gomez
BACKGROUND: Long-distance truck drivers are occupationally susceptible to poor health outcomes. Their patterns of healthcare utilisation and the suitability of healthcare services available to them are not well documented. We report on truck driver healthcare utilisation across South Africa and characterise the client population of the clinics serving them for future service development. METHODS: We analysed anonymised data routinely collected over a two-year period at nine Roadside Wellness Centres...
September 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902074/plasma-tenofovir-levels-to-support-adherence-to-tdf-ftc-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-in-msm-in-los-angeles-california
#5
Raphael J Landovitz, Matthew Beymer, Ryan Kofron, K Rivet Amico, Christina Psaros, Lane Bushman, Peter L Anderson, Risa Flynn, David P Lee, Robert K Bolan, Wilbert C Jordan, Chi-Hong Tseng, Rhodri Dierst-Davies, Jim Rooney, Amy Rock Wohl
BACKGROUND: TDF/FTC PrEP is effective against rectal HIV acquisition when taken as prescribed. Strategies that identify and intervene with those challenged by adherence to daily medication are needed. SETTING: PATH-PrEP was an open-label single arm interventional cohort study conducted at 2 community-based clinical sites in Los Angeles, California. METHODS: We enrolled self-identified MSM and TGW ≥18 years of age at elevated risk of HIV acquisition...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902071/the-importance-of-risk-perception-predictors-of-prep-acceptance-among-thai-msm-and-tg-women-at-a-community-based-health-service
#6
Rosalyn Plotzker, Pich Seekaew, Jureeporn Jantarapakde, Supabhorn Pengnonyang, Deondara Trachunthong, Danai Lingjongrat, Surang Janyam, Thitiyanun Nakpor, Sutinee Charoenying, Stephen Mills, Ravipa Vannakit, Michael Cassell, Praphan Phanuphak, Cheewanan Lertpiriyasuwat, Nittaya Phanuphak
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence among Thai men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TG) are 9.15% and 11.8% respectively, compared to 1.1% in the general population. To better understand early adopters of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) in Thailand, we analyzed bio-behavioral and socio-demographic characteristics of PrEP-eligible MSM and TG. SETTING: Four Thai urban community clinics between October 2015 and February 2016 METHODS:: Socio-demographics, HIV risk characteristics, and PrEP knowledge and attitudes, were analyzed in association with PrEP initiation among eligible Thai MSM and TG...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899308/demographic-and-geographical-risk-factors-for-gonorrhoea-and-chlamydia-in-greater-western-sydney-2003-2013
#7
Marianne Gale, Andrew Hayen, George Truman, Rick Varma, Bradley L Forssman, C Raina MacIntyre
INTRODUCTION: Notification rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have increased in New South Wales as elsewhere in Australia. Understanding trends in chlamydia and gonorrhoea notifications at smaller geographical areas may assist public health efforts to deliver targeted STI interventions. METHODS: Routinely collected disease notification data from 2 local health districts within the greater Western Sydney area were analysed. De-identified notifications of gonorrhoea and chlamydia were extracted for people aged over 15 years during the period 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2013...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882079/using-qualitative-methods-to-understand-perceptions-of-risk-and-condom-use-in-african-american-college-women-implications-for-sexual-health-promotion
#8
TyWanda L McLaurin-Jones, Maudry-Beverley Lashley, Vanessa J Marshall
BACKGROUND: Young African American women are disproportionately affected with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintentional pregnancies. Despite adequate knowledge, assertiveness, and negotiation skills, consistent condom use remains low. AIMS: We sought to assess the role of pregnancy and STI risk perception in condom decision making among African American women. METHOD: We conducted a phenomenological qualitative study. Utilizing a purposive sampling strategy, 100 African American women (18-24 years) were recruited from a historically Black college and university for an open discussion of condom use...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878111/reasons-for-inconsistent-condom-use-found-as-answers-to-a-multiple-response-question-a-national-survey-of-iranian-adults-2013
#9
Moghaddameh Mirzaee, Yunes Jahani, Hamid Sharifi
BACKGROUND: The use of condoms is important for preventing Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). However, the prevalence of condom use is not satisfactory. The aim of this study was to assess the reasons for inconsistent condom use in Iranian adults. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were gathered through multi-stage sampling. Participants were enrolled from 13 provinces in Iran aged between 19 and 29 years. They had ever-extramarital sex and did not use condoms regularly in their sexual contacts, asked the reasons for inconsistent condom use...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877178/to-be-on-the-safe-site-ungroomed-spots-on-the-bee-s-body-and-their-importance-for-pollination
#10
Laura Koch, Klaus Lunau, Petra Wester
Flower-visiting bees collect large quantities of pollen to feed their offspring. Pollen deposited in the bees' transport organs is lost for the flowers' pollination. It has been hypothesised that specific body areas, bees cannot groom, serve as 'safe sites' for pollen transfer between flowers. For the first time, we experimentally demonstrated the position, area and pollen amount of safe sites at the examples of Apis mellifera and Bombus terrestris by combining artificial contamination of the bees' body with pine or sunflower pollen and the subsequent bees' incomplete grooming...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876325/modernizing-field-services-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-the-united-states
#11
Matthew R Golden, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski
Public health field services for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have not adequately evolved to address the expanding scale of the STI problem, its concentration among men who have sex with men, the emergence of new communication technologies and the availability of antiretroviral therapy as a cornerstone of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention. Field services need to modernize. Modernization should seek to expand field services objectives beyond sex partner STI testing and treatment to include: HIV testing of persons with bacterial STI and their partners, including efforts to promote frequent HIV/STI testing; increased condom access; linkage and relinkage to HIV care and promotion of viral suppression; preexposure prophylaxis promotion; linkage to long-acting contraception; and referral for health insurance...
June 14, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876319/trichomonas-vaginalis-prevalence-and-correlates-in-women-and-men-attending-sti-clinics-in-western-canada
#12
Jennifer Gratrix, Sabrina Plitt, LeeAnn Turnbull, Petra Smyczek, Judith Brandley, Ron Scarrott, Prenilla Naidu, Lindsay Bertholet, Max Chernesky, Ron Read, Ameeta E Singh
Trichomonas vaginalis prevalence (2.8%) in female sexually transmitted infection clinic attendees was within the prevalence of chlamydia (5.8%) and gonorrhea (1.8%), while being very low for male attendees (0.2%). Correlates among women were indigenous ethnicity, other ethnicity, and being symptomatic.
June 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876312/screening-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-in-mombasa-kenya-feasibility-prevalence-and-correlates
#13
Linnet N Masese, George Wanje, Emmanuel Kabare, Valentine Budambula, Francis Mutuku, Grace Omoni, Anisa Baghazal, Barbra A Richardson, R Scott McClelland
INTRODUCTION: As adolescents and young women become sexually active, they are at risk of adverse reproductive health outcomes including sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We assessed feasibility and acceptability of STI screening among 15- to 24-year-old women in Mombasa, Kenya. METHODS: After sensitization activities, participants were recruited from 3 high schools and 1 university. Study staff conducted informational sessions. Students interested in participating were given consent forms to take home, and invited to visit our clinic for STI screening...
June 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876309/use-of-patient-delivered-partner-therapy-in-us-college-settings-associations-with-legality-perceived-legality-and-other-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#14
Matthew Hogben, Alexandra Caccamo, Oscar Beltran, Ryan Cramer, Melissa A Habel
BACKGROUND: Young adults, including college students, have higher rates of chlamydia than the general population. Patient-delivered partner therapy (PDPT) is a partner treatment option for sex partners of individuals diagnosed with chlamydia or gonorrhea. We examined college health center use of PDPT in a national sample of colleges. METHODS: During 2014 to 2015, we collected data from 482 colleges and universities (55% of 885 surveyed), weighting responses by institutional characteristics abstracted from a national database (eg, 2-year vs 4-year status)...
June 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876305/sexually-transmitted-disease-testing-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-room-for-improvement
#15
Bonnie B Dean, Mia Scott, Rachel Hart, Linda Battalora, Richard M Novak, Marcus D Durham, John T Brooks, Kate Buchacz
BACKGROUND: In the United States, sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing is recommended at least annually for sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM). We evaluated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) providers' STI testing practices and frequency of positive test results. METHODS: We analyzed data from HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) participants who, from 2007 to 2014, completed a confidential survey about risk behaviors. Using medical records data, we assessed the frequency of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis testing and positive results during the year after the survey for MSM who reported sex without a condom in the prior 6 months...
July 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876299/utilization-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-services-at-2-health-facilities-targeting-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-south-africa-a-retrospective-analysis-of-operational-data
#16
Kate Rees, Oscar Radebe, Clarissa Arendse, Charlotte Modibedi, Helen E Struthers, James A McIntyre, Remco P H Peters
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a key population, particularly vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV, but there are limited data on health programs targeting MSM in Africa. This study aims to describe the utilization of nongovernmental organization-supported sexual health services for MSM at 2 public sector health facilities in Johannesburg, South Africa. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed routine data over the period of January 2014 to June 2016...
July 21, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876297/what-s-in-a-name-perceptions-of-the-terms-sexually-transmitted-disease-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-among-late-adolescents
#17
Alyssa M Lederer, Elizabeth E Laing
BACKGROUND: There has been a shift from using the term sexually transmitted disease (STD) to sexually transmitted infection (STI), primarily based on conjecture that STI is less stigmatizing. However, there is a dearth of evidence regarding how the public actually perceives these terms. METHODS: Students at a Midwestern university participated in an online survey and were randomized to the open-ended question "What comes to mind when you think of the term sexually transmitted disease (STD)?" (n = 205) or "What comes to mind when you think of the term sexually transmitted infection (STI)?" (n = 208)...
July 31, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876296/neighborhood-health-care-access-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-women-in-the-southern-united-states-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-analysis
#18
Danielle F Haley, Andrew Edmonds, Nadya Belenky, DeMarc A Hickson, Catalina Ramirez, Gina M Wingood, Hector Bolivar, Elizabeth Golub, Adaora A Adimora
INTRODUCTION: The United States has experienced an increase in reportable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) while simultaneously experiencing a decline in safety net services for STI testing and treatment. This multilevel study assessed relationships between neighborhood-level access to health care and STIs among a predominantly Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-seropositive cohort of women living in the south. METHODS: This cross-sectional multilevel analysis included baseline data from HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative women enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study sites in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, and North Carolina between 2013 and 2015 (N = 666)...
August 2, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876293/the-spatial-association-between-federally-qualified-health-centers-and-county-level-reported-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-spatial-regression-approach
#19
Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Thomas L Gift, Jami S Leichliter, Raul A Romaguera
BACKGROUND: The number of categorical sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics is declining in the United States. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) have the potential to supplement the needed sexually transmitted infection (STI) services. In this study, we describe the spatial distribution of FQHC sites and determine if reported county-level nonviral STI morbidity were associated with having FQHC(s) using spatial regression techniques. METHODS: We extracted map data from the Health Resources and Services Administration data warehouse on FQHCs (ie, geocoded health care service delivery [HCSD] sites) and extracted county-level data on the reported rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea and, primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis (2008-2012) from surveillance data...
August 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876282/outcomes-of-preexposure-prophylaxis-referrals-from-public-sti-clinics-and-implications-for-the-preexposure-prophylaxis-continuum
#20
Ramona Bhatia, Laxmi Modali, Matthew Lowther, Nancy Glick, Margo Bell, Sarah Rowan, Kristin Keglovitz, John Schneider
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake remains low in high-risk populations. Sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics reach PrEP-eligible persons and may be ideal settings to model PrEP implementation. METHODS: Consenting PrEP-eligible patients identified at Chicago Department of Public Health STI Clinics were actively referred to PrEP partner sites between June 1, 2015, and May 31, 2016. Outcomes included successful contact by a partner site, linkage to a partner site, and receipt of a PrEP prescription...
August 30, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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