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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643100/perceived-devaluation-and-sti-testing-uptake-among-a-cohort-of-street-involved-youth-in-a-canadian-setting
#1
Mohammad Karamouzian, Jean Shoveller, Huiru Dong, Mark Gilbert, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
Perceived devaluation has been shown to have adverse effects on the mental and physical health outcomes of people who use drugs. However, the impact of perceived devaluation on sexually transmitted infections (STI) testing uptake among street-involved youth, who face multiple and intersecting stigmas due to their association with drug use and risky sexual practices, has not been fully characterized. Data were obtained between December 2013 and November 2014 from a cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit drugs aged 14-26 in Vancouver, British Columbia...
June 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640799/screening-for-syphilis-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-pregnant-women-guam-2014
#2
Susan Cha, Tasneem Malik, Winston E Abara, Mia S DeSimone, Bernadette Schumann, Esther Mallada, Michael Klemme, Vince Aguon, Anne Marie Santos, Thomas A Peterman, Gail Bolan, Mary L Kamb
Prenatal screening and treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can prevent adverse perinatal outcomes. In Guam, the largest of the three U.S. territories in the Pacific, primary and secondary syphilis rates among women increased 473%, from 1.1 to 6.3 per 100,000 during 2009-2013 (1). In 2013, the first congenital syphilis case after no cases since 2008 was reported (1,2). Little is known about STI screening coverage and factors associated with inadequate screening among pregnant women in Guam. This study evaluated the prevalence of screening for syphilis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), chlamydia, and gonorrhea, and examined correlates of inadequate screening among pregnant women in Guam...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639722/european-guideline-for-the-management-of-scabies
#3
C M Salavastru, O Chosidow, M J Boffa, M Janier, G S Tiplica
Scabies is caused by Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. The disease can be sexually transmitted. Patients' main complaint is nocturnal itch. Disseminated, excoriated, erythematous papules are usually seen on the anterior trunk and limbs. Crusted scabies occurs in immunocompromised hosts and may be associated with reduced or absent pruritus. Recommended treatments are permethrin 5% cream, oral ivermectin and benzyl benzoate 25% lotion. Alternative treatments are malathion 0.5% aqueous lotion, ivermectin 1% lotion and sulphur 6-33% cream, ointment or lotion...
June 22, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639423/emergency-contraceptive-pill-users-risk-perceptions-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-future-unintended-pregnancy
#4
Mary T Hickey, Michele G Shedlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The availability of emergency contraception pills (ECP) over the counter (OTC) has the potential to reduce the incidence of unintended pregnancy; however, the increased risk for sexually transmitted infection (STI) acquisition, related to unprotected intercourse, has not been adequately addressed. The purpose of this study is to gain insight into risk perceptions for STIs and subsequent unintended pregnancy in women who have purchased ECP OTC. METHODS: Twenty-one women, aged 18-24, attending a private university in an urban setting, who purchased and used ECP OTC participated in 1-h, individual interviews...
June 22, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638824/dual-epidemics-of-club-drug-use-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-chinese-female-sex-workers-new-challenges-to-sti-prevention
#5
Jing Li, Xiang-Dong Gong, Xiaoli Yue, Ning Jiang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate club drug use and its potential association with STI among female sex workers (FSWs) in China. METHODS: From November 2008 to January 2009, participants were recruited at sex work venues in five cities for a questionnaire survey. Free testing for syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) was provided. Logistic regression models were used to assess factors associated with club drug use and its association with STI...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637733/integration-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-sti-services-into-hiv-care-and-treatment-services-for-women-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#6
Caitlin E Kennedy, Sabina A Haberlen, Manjulaa Narasimhan
OBJECTIVE: To review and critically appraise the existing evidence on integration of sexually transmitted infection (STI) services into HIV care and treatment services for women living with HIV. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Four electronic databases were searched through 16February 2017 using keywords for HIV, STIs and integration. Reference lists of included articles and other reviews were also screened. REVIEW METHODS: We included studies that compared women living with HIV who received STI services integrated into HIV care and treatment services with those who received HIV care and treatment services without integrated STI services or standard of care...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637580/association-between-sexually-transmissible-infection-testing-numbers-of-partners-and-talking-to-partners-and-friends-about-sexual-health-survey-of-young-adults
#7
Natalie A Hendry, Graham Brown, Gary W Dowsett, Marina Carman
Background: Young adults, aged 18-30 years, comprise the largest proportion of sexually transmissible infection (STI) notifications in Australia compared with other age groups. Understanding the influence of partner and friendship networks on their STI testing practices may enhance health promotion efforts to increase testing for this group. Method: Participants aged 21-30 years, living in Australia for ≥3 years, were recruited within nightlife precincts in Melbourne, Australia. They completed a survey on demographic items, sexual health attitudes, sexual health knowledge and STI testing experiences and perceptions...
June 22, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636868/deadly-liver-mob-opening-the-door-improving-sexual-health-pathways-for-aboriginal-people-in-western-sydney
#8
Karen Biggs, Jennifer Walsh, Catriona Ooi
BACKGROUND: The Deadly Liver Mob project (DLM) is an incentive-based, peer-driven health promotion intervention for Aboriginal people, focusing on hepatitis C and offering education and screening for sexually transmissible infections (STI) and blood-borne viruses (BBV). This study aims to assess the DLM effect on attendance and STI/BBV screening, describe BBV risk factors and report infection rates among Aboriginal people attending Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre (WSSHC). METHODS: A retrospective review of Aboriginal clients during the first year of the DLM project was compared with Aboriginal clients who attended during the 5...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636867/assortative-sexual-mixing-patterns-in-male-female-and-male-male-partnerships-in-melbourne-australia-implications-for-hiv-and-sexually-transmissible-infection-transmission
#9
Eric P F Chow, Tim R H Read, Matthew G Law, Marcus Y Chen, Catriona S Bradshaw, Christopher K Fairley
BACKGROUND: Assortative mixing patterns have become a new and important focus in HIV/sexually transmissible infection (STI) research in recent years. There are very limited data on sexual mixing patterns, particularly in an Australian population. METHODS: Male-female and male-male partnerships attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre (MSHC) between 2011 and 2014 were included. Correlation of age between two individuals within a partnership was examined by using Spearman's rank correlation...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636866/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-other-sexually-transmissible-infections-among-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-three-provinces-in-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Lisa M Vallely, Pamela Toliman, Claire Ryan, Glennis Rai, Johanna Wapling, Carolyn Tomado, Savarina Huliafi, Gloria Munnull, Patricia Rarau, Suparat Phuanukoonnon, Handan Wand, Peter Siba, Glen D L Mola, John M Kaldor, Andrew J Vallely
Background Papua New Guinea (PNG) is estimated to have among the highest prevalences of HIV and sexually transmissible infections (STIs) of any Asia-Pacific country, and one of the highest burdens of maternal syphilis globally. The prevalence of curable STIs, such as Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), among pregnant women in PNG is relatively unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional bio-behavioural survey to investigate the epidemiology of CT, NG, TV and other STIs among pregnant women in three provinces of PNG was undertaken...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631060/estimating-the-size-of-the-msm-population-in-metro-vancouver-canada-using-multiple-methods-and-diverse-data-sources
#11
Ashleigh J Rich, Nathan J Lachowsky, Paul Sereda, Zishan Cui, Jason Wong, Stanley Wong, Jody Jollimore, Henry Fisher Raymond, Travis Salway Hottes, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV globally, regionally in Canada, and locally in Vancouver. Lack of reliable population size estimates of MSM impedes effective implementation of health care services and limits our understanding of the HIV epidemic. We estimated the population size of MSM residing in Metro Vancouver drawing on four data sources: the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), a cross-sectional bio-behavioural MSM survey, HIV testing services data from sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics serving MSM, and online social networking site Facebook...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629409/correlation-between-knowledge-on-transmission-and-prevention-of-hiv-sti-and-proficiency-in-condom-use-among-male-migrants-from-africa-and-middle-east-evaluated-by-a-condom-use-skills-score-using-a-wooden-penile-model
#12
Fabio Zoboli, Domenico Martinelli, Mariantonietta Di Stefano, Massimo Fasano, Rosa Prato, Teresa Antonia Santantonio, Jose' Ramòn Fiore
BACKGROUND: Migrants in Italy are prevalently young adults, with a higher risk of sexual transmitted infections (STI) and HIV infection. Promoting consistent as well as correct use of condoms could reduce failure rate due to their improper use. The aim of our study was to evaluate Condom Use Skills among a migrant population recently landed in Italy, hosted in a government center for asylum seekers. METHODS: The study sample was composed of 80 male migrants. Sanitary trained interviewers submitted a questionnaire to participants to investigate age, provenience, marital status, educational level and knowledge about transmission and prevention of HIV/STI...
June 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628390/influence-of-screw-surface-treatment-on-retention-of-implant-supported-fixed-partial-dentures
#13
Marcos Boaventura de Moura, Renata Borges Rodrigues, Leandro Moreira Pinto, Cleudmar Amaral de Araújo, Veridiana Resende Novais, Paulo César Simamoto Júnior
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of DLC (Diamond-like carbon) coating on the removal torque of prefabricated implant screws after cyclic loading. Four groups with two crowns supported by two implants (n=5) were obtained according to splinted and non-splinted prosthesis, using titanium or DLC screw (STi, SC, NSTi and NSC). The prosthetic screws were tightened at 32Ncm, retightened, and the specimens were submitted to 106 mechanical cycles (4Hz/98N). After cyclic loading, loosening torque was evaluated and the final measurements were performed...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625118/sexual-behaviors-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-male-veterans-and-nonveterans
#14
Mark W Evans, Sonya Borrero, Jonathan Yabes, Elian A Rosenfeld
Little is known about the sexual health of male veterans. This study used nationally representative data from the 2011 to 2013 National Survey of Family Growth to compare sexual behaviors and history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) between male veterans and nonveterans. The sample included 3,860 men aged 18 to 44 years who reported ever having sex with a man or woman. The key independent variable was veteran status. Sexual behavior outcomes included ≥6 lifetime female partners, ≥10 lifetime partners of either sex, ≥2 past-year partners of either sex, having past-year partners of both sexes, and condom nonuse at last vaginal sex...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622995/syphilis-epidemics-a-descriptive-study-of-patients-diagnosed-in-a-tertiary-hospital-between-2011-and-2015
#15
Xavier Fustà, Irene Fuertes, Rossie Lugo-Colón, José Luís Blanco, Núria Baras, Mercè Alsina-Gibert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In the last decade, the incidence of syphilis has increased in our health area. Our objective is to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with syphilis at our centre and their relationship with HIV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical and epidemiological variables of patients diagnosed with syphilis in a third-level hospital over a period of 4.5 years, as well as their HIV status, were analysed through a descriptive study...
June 13, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622720/a-rram-integrated-4t-sram-with-self-inhibit-resistive-switching-load-by-pure-cmos-logic-process
#16
Meng-Yin Hsu, Chu-Feng Liao, Yi-Hong Shih, Chrong Jung Lin, Ya-Chin King
This paper reports a novel full logic compatible 4T2R non-volatile static random access memory (nv-SRAM) featuring its self-inhibit data storing mechanism for in low-power/high-speed SRAM application. With compact cell area and full logic compatibility, this new nv-SRAM incorporates two STI-ReRAMs embedded inside the 4T SRAM. Data can be read/write through a cross-couple volatile structure for maintaining fast accessing speed. Data can be non-volatilely stored in new SRAM cell through a unique self-inhibit operation onto the resistive random access memory (RRAM) load, achieving zero static power during data hold...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622120/trends-in-pap-test-practices-and-results-an-11%C3%A2-year-review-of-the-annual-acha-pap-test-and-sti-survey
#17
Heather P Eastman-Mueller, Sara B Oswalt
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a trend analysis of Pap test practices, Pap test results and related women's services and guidelines of college health centers. PARTICIPANTS: College health centers who participated in the annual ACHA Pap Test and STI Survey years 2004 to 2014 (n ranged from 127 to 181 depending on year). METHODS: Descriptive analyses are presented with ANOVAs and chi-square tests calculated to examine trends over time. RESULTS: The number of Pap tests significantly decreased over time; however, the percentage of normal and HSIL results did not vary...
June 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616719/are-partner-race-and-intimate-partner-violence-associated-with-incident-and-newly-diagnosed-hiv-infection-in-african-american-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Matthew R Beymer, Nina T Harawa, Robert E Weiss, Chelsea L Shover, Brian R Toynes, Steven Meanley, Robert K Bolan
Black gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (BMSM) experience a disparate rate of HIV infections among MSM. Previous analyses have determined that STI coinfection and undiagnosed HIV infection partly explain the disparity. However, few studies have analyzed the impact of partner-level variables on HIV incidence among BMSM. Data were analyzed for BMSM who attended the Los Angeles LGBT Center from August 2011 to July 2015 (n = 1974) to identify risk factors for HIV infection. A multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze predictors for HIV prevalence among all individuals at first test (n = 1974; entire sample)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612378/trichomonas-vaginalis-is-very-rare-among-women-with-vaginal-discharge-in-podlaskie-province-poland
#19
Agnieszka Beata Serwin, Violetta Bulhak-Koziol, Marianna Sokolowska, Daniel Golparian, Magnus Unemo
Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common curable sexually transmitted pathogen globally. However, in the European Union (EU), trichomoniasis appears to be a rare condition. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of T. vaginalis among females attending an STI centre in Bialystok, Poland, using the highly sensitive and specific APTIMA T. vaginalis assay. Consecutive females, referred by gynaecologists mainly because of abnormal vaginal discharge, were diagnosed using wet mount microscopy, culture and APTIMA T...
June 14, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611675/cardiac-autonomic-responses-during-exercise-and-post-exercise-recovery-using-heart-rate-variability-and-systolic-time-intervals-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Scott Michael, Kenneth S Graham, Glen M Davis
Cardiac parasympathetic activity may be non-invasively investigated using heart rate variability (HRV), although HRV is not widely accepted to reflect sympathetic activity. Instead, cardiac sympathetic activity may be investigated using systolic time intervals (STI), such as the pre-ejection period. Although these autonomic indices are typically measured during rest, the "reactivity hypothesis" suggests that investigating responses to a stressor (e.g., exercise) may be a valuable monitoring approach in clinical and high-performance settings...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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