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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914483/self-reported-testing-and-treatment-histories-among-older-australian-men-and-women-who-may-be-at-risk-of-a-sexually-transmissible-infection
#1
Wendy Heywood, Anthony Lyons, Bianca Fileborn, Victor Minichiello, Catherine Barrett, Graham Brown, Sharron Hinchliff, Sue Malta, Pauline Crameri
Background: Rates of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) are increasing among older adults in many countries. Little is known about the testing and treatment histories of these populations. Correlates of testing in the past 5 years among older adults who may be at risk of a STI were examined. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 2137 Australians aged 60+ years that involved questions on STIs and STI testing was conducted in 2015. To help inform potential education campaigns, analyses focused on those who may have been at risk of a STI (n=805, 38%)...
December 5, 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913795/prevalence-of-sti-symptoms-and-high-levels-of-stigma-in-sti-healthcare-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#2
Michael W Ross, Markus Larsson, Joyce E Nyoni, Anette Agardh
Symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), whether they are presented for treatment or diagnosis, and how they are received by the clinician where they are presented, may be concomitants of stigma associated with homosexuality in homophobic climates. We analyzed respondent-driven sampling data from a study on 200 young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to examine sample prevalence, treatment and clinician response to 10 symptoms potentially associated with STIs. Survey measures included 10 self-reported STI symptoms, further specified according to location (genital, anal, oral), further specified according to place of diagnosis, place of, treatment whether there was pharmacy treatment or self-medication, healthcare worker (HCW) inquiries about source of infection and whether the HCW was polite...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913230/effects-of-combined-oral-contraceptives-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-and-the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-on-the-vaginal-microbiome
#3
J Paul Brooks, David J Edwards, Diana L Blithe, Jennifer M Fettweis, Myrna G Serrano, Nihar U Sheth, Jerome F Strauss, Gregory A Buck, Kimberly K Jefferson
OBJECTIVES: Prior studies suggest that the composition of the vaginal microbiome may positively or negatively affect susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections (STI) and bacterial vaginosis (BV). Some female hormonal contraceptive methods also appear to positively or negatively influence STI transmission and BV. Therefore changes in the vaginal microbiome that are associated with different contraceptive methods may explain, in part, effects on STI transmission and BV. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study of 16S rRNA gene survey data of vaginal samples from a subset of participants from the Human Vaginal Microbiome Project at Virginia Commonwealth University...
November 29, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908069/associations-between-tongue-movement-pattern-consistency-and-formant-movement-pattern-consistency-in-response-to-speech-behavioral-modifications
#4
Antje S Mefferd
The degree of speech movement pattern consistency can provide information about speech motor control. Although tongue motor control is particularly important because of the tongue's primary contribution to the speech acoustic signal, capturing tongue movements during speech remains difficult and costly. This study sought to determine if formant movements could be used to estimate tongue movement pattern consistency indirectly. Two age groups (seven young adults and seven older adults) and six speech conditions (typical, slow, loud, clear, fast, bite block speech) were selected to elicit an age- and task-dependent performance range in tongue movement pattern consistency...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905998/sexually-transmitted-infections-and-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-challenges-and-opportunities-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-us
#5
REVIEW
Hyman M Scott, Jeffrey D Klausner
Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) has shown high efficacy in preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) in several large clinical trials, and more recently in "real world" reports of clinical implementation and a PrEP demonstration project. Those studies also demonstrated high bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) incidence and raised the discussion of how PrEP may impact STI control efforts, especially in the setting of increasing Neisseria gonorrhoeae antimicrobial resistance and the increase in syphilis cases among MSM...
January 19, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905986/predictors-of-perceived-male-partner-concurrency-among-women-at-risk-for-hiv-and-sti-acquisition-in-durban-south-africa
#6
Zakir Gaffoor, Handan Wand, Renée A Street, Nathlee Abbai, Gita Ramjee
BACKGROUND: Women in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be at greater risk for HIV acquisition than men. Concurrency, viz. multiple sexual partnerships that overlap over time, has been studied as a possible risk factor for HIV transmission. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of perceived male partner concurrency among sexually active, HIV negative women. METHODS: Socio-demographic and behavioural data from women enrolled in a biomedical HIV prevention clinical trial were assessed in relation to perceived male partner concurrency using the Chi squared test...
March 8, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902944/psychiatric-disorders-suicidal-ideation-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-post-deployment-veterans-who-utilize-digital-social-media-for-sexual-partner-seeking
#7
Jack L Turban, Marc N Potenza, Rani A Hoff, Steve Martino, Shane W Kraus
INTRODUCTION: Digital social media platforms represent outlets through which individuals may find partners for sexual encounters. Using a sample of US post-deployment military veterans, the current study evaluated the prevalence of digital sex seeking as well as clinical correlates of psychopathology, suicidal ideation, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). METHODS: Using data from a baseline telephone interview and follow-up internet-based survey, we examined the prevalence of sexual partnering via digital social media platforms in a national sample of 283 US combat veterans...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902890/sexual-behavior-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-swingers-results-from-an-online-survey-in-belgium
#8
Tom Platteau, Jacques van Lankveld, Lieselot Ooms, Eric Florence
Swingers are couples practicing consensual extradyadic heterosexual relations. This subculture is defined by venues, and online communities. This study aimed to assess swingers' lifestyle, sexual health, history of testing for sexually transmitted infections (STI), and review risk factors for sexual risk behavior and STI transmission. An online survey was distributed through venues, chat- and dating websites. Most of 480 swingers starting the survey completed it (n = 392, 81.6%). Women (n = 146) reported more frequent swinging (p = 0...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898572/sexually-transmitted-infections-and-associated-risk-factors-among-street-based-and-residence-based-female-sex-workers-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#9
Rasheda Khanam, Masud Reza, Dilruba Ahmed, Mustafizur Rahman, M Shah Alam, Salima Sultana, Anadil Alam, Sharful I Khan, Kenneth H Mayer, Tasnim Azim
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) in Bangladesh remain at elevated risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) although the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence among them is low. Recent information on the burden and etiological diagnosis of STIs among them has been lacking. This study examines prevalence and risk behaviors of selected STIs among FSWs in Dhaka in 2014. METHODS: Between August and October 2014, a cross-sectional study was conducted among street-based and residence-based FSWs receiving HIV prevention services at 24 drop in centers in Dhaka...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898568/whole-exome-sequencing-to-identify-novel-biological-pathways-associated-with-infertility-after-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#10
Brandie D Taylor, Xiaojing Zheng, Toni Darville, Wujuan Zhong, Kranti Konganti, Olayinka Abiodun-Ojo, Roberta B Ness, Catherine M O'Connell, Catherine L Haggerty
BACKGROUND: Ideal management of sexually transmitted infections (STI) may require risk markers for pathology or vaccine development. Previously, we identified common genetic variants associated with chlamydial pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and reduced fecundity. As this explains only a proportion of the long-term morbidity risk, we used whole-exome sequencing to identify biological pathways that may be associated with STI-related infertility. METHODS: We obtained stored DNA from 43 non-Hispanic black women with PID from the PID Evaluation and Clinical Health Study...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897467/alcohol-and-marijuana-use-in-pathways-of-risk-for-sexually-transmitted-infection-in-white-and-black-adolescent-females
#11
Tammy Chung, Feifei Ye, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp, Elizabeth Miller, Sonya Borrero, Mary Hawk
BACKGROUND: Some types of sexually transmitted infection (STI) have higher prevalence in females than males, and among black, relative to white, females. Identifying mechanisms of STI risk is critical to effective intervention. We tested a model in which alcohol and marijuana use serve as mediating factors in the associations between depression and conduct problems with sexual risk behavior (SRB) and STI in adolescent females. METHODS: The Pittsburgh Girls Study is a longitudinal observational study of females who have been followed annually to track the course of mental and physical health conditions...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897226/viral-and-host-characteristics-of-recent-and-established-hiv-1-infections-in-kisumu-based-on-a-multiassay-approach
#12
Newton Otecko, Seth Inzaule, Collins Odhiambo, George Otieno, Valarie Opollo, Alex Morwabe, Kennedy Were, Kenneth Ndiege, Fredrick Otieno, Andrea A Kim, Clement Zeh
Integrated approaches provide better understanding of HIV/AIDS epidemics. We optimised a multiassay algorithm (MAA) and assessed HIV incidence, correlates of recent infections, viral diversity, plus transmission clusters among participants screened for Kisumu Incidence Cohort Study (KICoS1) (2007-2009). We performed BED-CEIA, Limiting antigen (LAg) avidity, Biorad avidity, and viral load (VL) tests on HIV-positive samples. Genotypic analyses focused on HIV-1 pol gene. Correlates of testing recent by MAA were assessed using logistic regression model...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897054/high-levels-of-inflammatory-cytokines-in-the-reproductive-tract-of-women-with-bv-and-engaging-in-intravaginal-douching-a-cross-sectional-study-of-participants-in-the-women-interagency-hiv-study-wihs
#13
Maria Luisa Alcaide, Violeta J Rodriguez, Megan R Brown, Suresh Pallikkuth, Kristopher Arheart, Octavio Martinez, Margaret Roach, Raina Fichorova, Deborah L Jones, Savita Pahwa, Margaret A Fischl
High levels of inflammatory cytokines in the genital tract suggest mucosal vulnerability and increased risk of HIV and STI acquisition. Intravaginal douching is associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV) in women in the US, and both douching and BV are linked to HIV and STI acquisition. This study evaluates inflammatory cytokines in the genital tract to increase understanding of the effects of both BV and intravaginal douching to the vaginal mucosa. A cross-sectional study of participants in the Miami WIHS investigated 72 reproductive age women (45 HIV+ and 27 high-risk HIV-) who completed intravaginal douching questionnaires and underwent collection of vaginal swabs and cervicovaginal lavages (CVL)...
November 29, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895130/metq-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-is-a-surface-expressed-antigen-that-elicits-bactericidal-and-functional-blocking-antibodies
#14
Evgeny A Semchenko, Christopher J Day, Kate L Seib
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the causative agent of the sexually transmitted infection (STI) gonorrhoea, is a growing public health threat for which a vaccine is urgently needed. We have characterized the functional role of the gonococcal MetQ protein, which is the methionine binding component of an ABC transporter system, and assessed its potential as a candidate antigen for inclusion in a gonococcal vaccine. MetQ is highly conserved in all strains investigated to date, it is localized on the bacterial surface, and it binds L-methionine with high affinity...
November 28, 2016: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893603/young-low-risk-heterosexual-clients-prefer-a-chlamydia-home-collection-test-to-a-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinic-visit-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Martijn S van Rooijen, Rik H Koekenbier, Alfons Hendriks, Henry J C de Vries, Petra van Leeuwen, Maaike G van Veen
BACKGROUND: Home-based self-collection of specimens for urogenital and anorectal chlamydia testing has been proven feasible and acceptable. We studied the efficiency of chlamydia home collection kits for young low-risk persons to optimize care at the Amsterdam sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic. METHODS: Low-risk heterosexual persons under 25 years submitting an appointment request online were offered 3 different ways of chlamydia testing: (1) receiving a home collection kit, (2) coming to the clinic without, or (3) with sexual health counseling...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893600/prevalence-and-correlates-of-genital-infections-among-newly-diagnosed-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-entering-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-in-windhoek-namibia
#16
Gaston Djomand, Madeleine Schlefer, Steve Gutreuter, Sarah Tobias, Roopal Patel, Nickolas DeLuca, Julia Hood, Souleymane Sawadogo, Cheng Chen, Alexinah Muadinohamba, David W Lowrance, Naomi Bock
BACKGROUND: Identifying and treating genital infections, including sexually transmitted infections (STI), among newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals may benefit both public and individual health. We assessed prevalence of genital infections and their correlates among newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals enrolling in HIV care services in Namibia. METHODS: Newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults entering HIV care at 2 health facilities in Windhoek, Namibia, were recruited from December 2012 to March 2014...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892711/clinical-indicators-associated-with-hiv-acquisition-in-the-united-states-air-force
#17
William N Hannah, Shilpa Hakre, Peter Dawson, Hao Wu, Sheila A Peel, Nelson L Michael, Paul T Scott, Jason F Okulicz
Mandatory HIV screening of United States Air Force (USAF) personnel every two years effectively identifies incident cases, however testing frequency limits the ability to detect early HIV infection. Identifying clinical indicators of HIV in the USAF population is necessary to develop a supplemental provider-based targeted testing strategy. We conducted a matched case-control study of male active duty USAF personnel with a new HIV diagnosis (n = 452) between 1996 and 2011 matched to five randomly selected controls (n = 2176)...
November 28, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890950/healthcare-seeking-preferences-of-patients-with-sexually-transmitted-infection-attending-a-tertiary-care-center-in-south-kerala
#18
Sabeena Jayapalan
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major public health problem in developing countries. These diseases are associated with increased risk of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus as well as adverse outcomes on pregnancy and reproductive health. Sexual behavior and healthcare-seeking behavior are identified as the true risk factors of STIs. METHODS: Hospital-based cross-sectional study design was adopted. Eighty-five STI patients were studied regarding the inappropriate treatment-seeking behavior, the nature of the first point of contact with the health care, the appropriateness of treatment and the concerns of the patient regarding the services rendered by government health-care facilities...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888206/access-of-non-specialist-sexual-health-services-by-men-who-have-sex-with-men-do-they-differ-from-those-attending-specialist-services
#19
Helen Mebrahtu, Martina Furegato, Bersabeh Sile, John Were, Hamish Mohammed, Gwenda Hughes
OBJECTIVES: Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionate burden of STIs. While routine STI surveillance data suggest MSM regularly access specialist genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics for their sexual healthcare, the extent to which MSM attend non-specialist sexual health services (SHSs) is unclear. METHODS: We used data from the GUM Clinic Activity Data Set (GUMCADv2), the national STI surveillance system, to compare the characteristics, service usage and STI outcomes of MSM accessing specialist and non-specialist (non-GUM) SHSs in England in 2014...
November 25, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885976/negative-effect-of-acoustic-panels-on-listening-effort-in-a-classroom-environment
#20
Amyn M Amlani, Timothy A Russo
BACKGROUND: Acoustic panels are used to lessen the pervasive effects of noise and reverberation on speech understanding in a classroom environment. These panels, however, predominately absorb high-frequency energy important to speech understanding. Therefore, a classroom environment treated with acoustic panels might negatively influence the transmission of the target signal, resulting in an increase in listening effort exerted by the listener. PURPOSE: Acoustic panels were installed in a public school environment that did not meet the ANSI-recommended guidelines for classroom design...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
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