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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333963/why-don-t-urban-youth-in-zambia-use-condoms-the-influence-of-gender-and-marriage-on-non-use-of-male-condoms-among-young-adults
#1
Jessie Pinchoff, Christopher B Boyer, Namuunda Mutombo, Rachna Nag Chowdhuri, Thoai D Ngo
BACKGROUND: Zambia experiences high unmet need for family planning and high rates of HIV, particularly among youth. While male condoms are widely available and 95% of adults have heard of them, self-reported use in the past 12 months is low among young adults (45%). This study describes factors associated with non-use of male condoms among urban young adults in Zambia. METHODS: A household cross-sectional survey in four urban districts was conducted from November 2015 to January 2016 among sexually active young adults ages 18-24 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332037/comparing-self-reported-demographic-and-sexual-behavioral-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-recruited-through-mechanical-turk-qualtrics-and-a-hiv-sti-clinic-based-sample-implications-for-researchers-and-providers
#2
Matthew R Beymer, Ian W Holloway, Christian Grov
Recruitment for HIV research among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) has increasingly moved to the online sphere. However, there are limited data comparing the characteristics of clinic-based respondents versus those recruited via online survey platforms. MSM were recruited from three sampling sites (STI clinic, MTurk, and Qualtrics) to participate in a survey from March 2015 to April 2016. Respondents were compared between each of the sampling sites on demographics, sexual history, substance use, and attention filter passage...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327096/exploring-why-a-complex-intervention-piloted-in-general-practices-did-not-result-in-an-increase-in-chlamydia-screening-and-diagnosis-a-qualitative-evaluation-using-the-fidelity-of-implementation-model
#3
R Allison, D M Lecky, K Town, C Rugman, E J Ricketts, N Ockendon-Powell, K A Folkard, J K Dunbar, C A M McNulty
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) is the most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted infection (STI) in England; approximately 70% of diagnoses are in sexually active young adults aged under 25. To facilitate opportunistic chlamydia screening in general practice, a complex intervention, based on a previously successful Chlamydia Intervention Randomised Trial (CIRT), was piloted in England. The modified intervention (3Cs and HIV) aimed to encourage general practice staff to routinely offer chlamydia testing to all 15-24 year olds regardless of the type of consultation...
March 21, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325771/estimating-prevalence-trends-in-adult-gonorrhoea-and-syphilis-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-with-the-spectrum-sti-model-results-for-zimbabwe-and-morocco-from-1995-to-2016
#4
Eline L Korenromp, Guy Mahiané, Jane Rowley, Nico Nagelkerke, Laith Abu-Raddad, Francis Ndowa, Amina El-Kettani, Houssine El-Rhilani, Philippe Mayaud, R Matthew Chico, Carel Pretorius, Kendall Hecht, Teodora Wi
OBJECTIVE: To develop a tool for estimating national trends in adult prevalence of sexually transmitted infections by low- and middle-income countries, using standardised, routinely collected programme indicator data. METHODS: The Spectrum-STI model fits time trends in the prevalence of active syphilis through logistic regression on prevalence data from antenatal clinic-based surveys, routine antenatal screening and general population surveys where available, weighting data by their national coverage and representativeness...
March 21, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320690/use-of-getcheckedonline-a-comprehensive-web-based-testing-service-for-sexually-transmitted-and-blood-borne-infections
#5
Mark Gilbert, Travis Salway, Devon Haag, Christopher K Fairley, Jason Wong, Troy Grennan, Zhaida Uddin, Christopher S Buchner, Tom Wong, Mel Krajden, Mark Tyndall, Jean Shoveller, Gina Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: The British Columbia Centre for Disease Control implemented a comprehensive Web-based testing service GetCheckedOnline (GCO) in September 2014 in Vancouver, Canada. GCO's objectives are to increase testing for sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs), reach high-prevalence populations facing testing barriers, and increase clinical STI service capacity. GCO was promoted through email invitations to provincial STI clinic clients, access codes to clients unable to access immediate clinic-based testing (deferred testers), and a campaign to gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318276/perception-of-partner-sexual-history-effects-on-safe-sex-intentions
#6
Talea Cornelius, Trace Kershaw
OBJECTIVE: Sexual intercourse is a dyadic activity, and intentions to engage in safe sex vary across partners. Because pregnant and newly parenting adolescents and young adults are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), it is important to understand sexual decision-making in this population. METHOD: This cross-sectional study examined how participants' own risk behavior and their partners' risk behavior influence perceptions of partner risk, and the impact of risk perceptions on condom use intentions and monogamy intentions in 296 pregnant adolescent and young adult couples (MAgeFemale = 18...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316071/chlamydia-trachomatis-and-hpv-co-infections-in-hiv-negative-men-from-a-multi-ethnic-area-of-northern-italy-at-high-prevalence-of-cervical-malignancies
#7
Manola Comar, Silva Seraceni, Claudia Colli, Viviana Luska, Sara Morassut, Libera Clemente, Marina Drabeni, Gianmichele Moise, Francesco Fontana, Lorenzo Monasta, Barbara Suligoi
Chlamydia trachomatis and HPV coinfections in the male population are often a disregarded issue. We performed a study to evaluate the prevalence of such infections in heterosexual HIV negative men from a Northern Italy multi-ethnic area at high prevalence for cervical malignancies. Urethral swabs (US) or first-voided urine were evaluated retrospectively from 1317 patients attending Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) clinic and from 3388 outpatients attending private clinics. Informations about participants' demographic characteristics and attributes of Chlamydia trachomatis, including chronic infection, and HPV genotypes testing, were collected...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302356/correlates-of-county-level-nonviral-sexually-transmitted-infection-hot-spots-in-the-us-application-of-hot-spot-analysis-and-spatial-logistic-regression
#8
Brian A Chang, William S Pearson, Kwame Owusu-Edusei
PURPOSE: We used a combination of hot spot analysis (HSA) and spatial regression to examine county-level hot spot correlates for the most commonly reported nonviral sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the 48 contiguous states in the United States (US). METHODS: We obtained reported county-level total case rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis in all counties in the 48 contiguous states from national surveillance data and computed temporally smoothed rates using 2008-2012 data...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301989/routine-testing-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-and-trichomonas-vaginalis
#9
Marieke L M Jenniskens, Jan H W Veerbeek, Koen L Deurloo, Erik J van Hannen, Steven F T Thijsen
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) are common sexual transmitted infections (STI). However, most STI screening programmes do not include routinely detection of these pathogens. Consequently, epidemiological data about MG and TV in the general population is lacking. The current study aims to give insight into the prevalence of both infections, thereby guiding decisions whether testing for these pathogens should be included routinely. METHODS: Between February 2013 and August 2015, all samples sent to the laboratory of Diakonessenhuis Utrecht for STI testing (i...
June 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299163/youth-awareness-on-sexually-transmitted-infections-hiv-and-aids-in-secondary-schools-in-the-dschang-municipality-cameroon-the-mobile-caravan-project
#10
Martin Sanou Sobze, Armand Tsapi Tiotsia, Ghyslaine Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Guy Aurelien Foaleng Tankui, Joseph Fokam, Kien-Atsu Tsi, Jimmy Roger Fotso, Yannick Ngueko Azeufack, Patrick Pete Nkamedjie, Adogaye Ben Bechir Sali, Rodrigue Biguioh Mabvouna, Lucia Ercoli, Vittorio Colizzi, Gianluca Russo
Awareness is a preventive action to instill in individuals certain concepts to improve their health. It is an essential element in the prevention of sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV and early pregnancies among adolescents. In 2012, the prevalence of HIVin Cameroon was estimated at 4.3%. The young population appear to be the most affected (3.2%); very close to that of the Dschang Health District (Cameroon; 3.1%) in the 15-19 years age group. Theaimof this study was to evaluate the contribution of the Mobile Caravan project on the preventive aspect of STI/HIV/AIDS among youths of Dschang in 10 secondary schools within three years...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294529/sexual-risk-behavior-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-hiv-transmission-risks-in-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-approaches-for-medical-prevention
#11
Stefan Esser, Judith Krotzek, Henrike Dirks, Norbert Scherbaum, Dirk Schadendorf
BACKGROUND: Rising incidence rates of HIV and STIs (sexually transmitted infections) among MSM (men who have sex with men) in Germany since 2001 call for new approaches in medical prevention. The present study addresses appropriate parameters to identify those HIV-positive MSM who are at high risk for transmitting HIV and STIs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a two-year period, 223 HIV-positive MSM attending the HIV outpatient clinic at the University Medical Center Essen (Germany) were systematically surveyed with respect to their sexual behavior, substance abuse, and psychological well-being in the preceding year...
March 15, 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292454/adolescent-sexuality-updates-to-the-sexually-transmitted-infection-guidelines
#12
REVIEW
Zoon Wangu, Gale R Burstein
Adolescents are at high risk for acquisition and transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STI) secondary to both cognitive and biological susceptibility. The prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of STIs are a critical part of adolescent health care. This article discusses the most common bacterial, parasitic, and viral STIs encountered in this age group with an emphasis on new guidelines for screening and management.
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292296/sexual-and-reproductive-health-experience-knowledge-and-problems-among-university-students-in-ambo-central-ethiopia
#13
Abenezer Yared, Zekariyas Sahile, Mulugeta Mekuria
BACKGROUND: Youths in universities are at high risk of STIs and SRH problems in Ethiopia. However, students did not perceive themselves at risk of STI/HIV infection though reports showed they were sexually active, had multiple sexual partners and reported symptoms of STIs. Having recognized the threat posed by SRH problems, this study aimed to assess the SRH experiences, knowledge, and problems among university students at Ambo University in Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ambo University main campus from January to February 2015 using mixed approach of quantitative (survey) and qualitative (in-depth interview) methods...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285603/hiv-sti-risk-taking-sexual-behaviours-and-risk-perception-among-male-university-students-in-tehran-implications-for-hiv-prevention-among-youth
#14
Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani, Mohammad Mahdi Akhondi, Mehdi Shirzad, Ali Azin
Recent evidence indicates a rising trend in premarital sexual activity among young people in Iran. However, little is known about the extent to which young people's sexual behaviours expose them to HIV and STI risks. This study aimed to assess HIV/STI-related sexual risk-taking behaviours (correlates and determinants) and HIV/STI risk perception among male university students in Tehran. A representative sample of male university students (N=1322) studying in government and private Tehran universities completed an anonymous questionnaire survey in 2013-14...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285330/hepatitis-b-vaccination-status-in-an-at-risk-adult-population-long-term-immunity-but-insufficient-coverage
#15
S Hustache, L Moyroud, L Goirand, O Epaulard
In France, hepatitis B (HB) vaccine has been offered to all infants since 1994, and was proposed to all children aged 11 years from 1994 to 1998. Nevertheless, HB vaccine hesitancy may result in low vaccination coverage in present-day at-risk adults. We aimed to determine HB vaccination coverage in adults attending a free testing center for sexually transmitted infections (STI). As part of routine care, three classes of data were anonymously collected from attendees over a 3-month period: results of HB serologic tests; date and number of past anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) immunization(s) (if any) according to health records; and the risk of STI and blood-transmitted infections (BTI)...
March 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282654/approach-to-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-for-men-at-an-urban-urgent-care-center
#16
Sarah B Schechter, Dina L Romo, Alwyn T Cohall, Natalie M Neu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates have increased among men. Urgent care centers are increasingly common sites for medical care. The objectives of this study are to describe practices surrounding STI testing at an urban urgent care center. METHODS: Electronic medical record data were analyzed for men ages 20 to 55 years seen at the urgent care center of a large urban hospital from June 7, 2011, to April 30, 2015 (n = 10,983). A subset of charts was reviewed to assess sexual history documentation (n = 906)...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282646/point-of-care-sexually-transmitted-infection-diagnostics-proceedings-of-the-star-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinical-trial-group-programmatic-meeting
#17
Anthony D Cristillo, Claire C Bristow, Rosanna Peeling, Barbara Van Der Pol, Sasha Herbst de Cortina, Ivan K Dimov, Nitika Pant Pai, Dong Jin Shin, Ricky Y T Chiu, Catherine Klapperich, Purnima Madhivanan, Sheldon R Morris, Jeffrey D Klausner
The goal of the point-of-care (POC) sexually transmitted infection (STI) Diagnostics meeting was to review the state-of-the-art research and develop recommendations for the use of POC STI diagnostics. Experts from academia, government, nonprofit, and industry discussed POC diagnostics for STIs such as Chlamydia trachomatis, human papillomavirus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, and Treponema pallidum. Key objectives included a review of current and emerging technologies, clinical and public health benefits, POC STI diagnostics in developing countries, regulatory considerations, and future areas of development...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281918/lifetime-sexual-assault-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-women-veterans
#18
Vinita Goyal, Michelle A Mengeling, Brenda M Booth, James C Torner, Craig H Syrop, Anne G Sadler
OBJECTIVE: Women veterans report a high prevalence of sexual assault. Unfortunately, there are limited data on the reproductive health sequelae faced by these women. Our objective was to evaluate the association between completed lifetime sexual assault (LSA) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among a cohort of women veterans, adjusting for sexual risk behaviors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study among women veterans aged 51 years or younger who enrolled for care at two Veterans Administration (VA) healthcare sites between 2000 and 2008...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281783/who-is-to-blame-framing-hpv-to-influence-vaccination-intentions-among-college-students
#19
McKenzie M Vorpahl, Janet Z Yang
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a prevalent sexually transmitted infection (STI) among college students. Although previous research has studied HPV-related health communication strategies using various framing techniques, the goal of this study is to test how two unique message frames-whether mentioning HPV as an STI and whether to attribute the cause of infection as external or internal-would influence young adults' intentions to receive the recommended HPV vaccine. Results indicate that gender and causal attribution framing influenced participants' intentions to receive the HPV vaccine...
March 10, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278277/women-view-key-sexual-behaviours-as-the-trigger-for-the-onset-and-recurrence-of-bacterial-vaginosis
#20
Jade E Bilardi, Sandra M Walker, Meredith J Temple-Smith, Ruth P McNair, Julie Mooney-Somers, Lenka A Vodstrcil, Clare E Bellhouse, Christopher K Fairley, Catriona S Bradshaw
BACKGROUND: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) affects a third of women of reproductive age in the US and there is increasing evidence to suggest it may be sexually transmitted. This study aimed to extend and validate the findings of our earlier smaller qualitative study by exploring in detail women's views and experiences of the triggering factors associated with BV onset and recurrence. METHODS: Women aged 20-49, who had experienced one or more symptomatic episode of BV within 6 months, were opportunistically recruited to complete a 38-item questionnaire on their experience of BV...
2017: PloS One
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