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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733921/social-support-networks-and-hiv-sti-risk-behaviors-among-latino-immigrants-in-a-new-receiving-environment
#1
Meghan D Althoff, Katherine Theall, Norine Schmidt, John Hembling, Hirut T Gebrekristos, Michelle M Thompson, Stephen Q Muth, Samuel R Friedman, Patricia Kissinger
The objectives of this study were to: (1) describe the quantity and quality of social support networks of Latino immigrants living in a new receiving environment, and (2) determine the role such networks play in their HIV/STI risk behaviors, including substance use. Double incentivized convenience sampling was used to collect egocentric social support network data on 144 Latino immigrants. Latent class analysis was used for data reduction and to identify items best suited to measure quality and quantity of social support...
July 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729516/high-hiv-incidence-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-following-an-early-syphilis-diagnosis-is-there-room-for-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-as-a-prevention-strategy
#2
Nicolò Girometti, Angela Gutierrez, Nneka Nwokolo, Alan McOwan, Gary Whitlock
OBJECTIVES: HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is becoming a pivotal strategy for HIV prevention. Understanding the impact of risk factors for HIV transmission to identify those at highest risk would favour the implementation of PrEP, currently limited by costs. In this service evaluation, we estimated the incidence of bacterial STIs in men who have sex with men (MSM) diagnosed with early syphilis attending a London sexual health clinic according to their HIV status. In addition, we estimated the incidence of HIV infection in HIV-negative MSM, following a diagnosis of early syphilis...
August 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724513/development-of-a-tailored-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-single-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-meet-partners-online-protocol-for-the-mydex-project
#3
Jose Arturo Bauermeister, Ryan C Tingler, Michele Demers, Gary W Harper
BACKGROUND: New cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), aged 18 to 24, underscore the importance of developmentally-informed HIV programs for YMSM. We developed an online intervention focused on risk reduction strategies across different sexual partner types. Intervention activities focus on assisting YMSM reflect on their partner-seeking behaviors, develop sexual decision-making rules to reduce their HIV risks, and consider the adoption of HIV prevention behaviors...
July 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721112/current-perspectives-in-the-usa-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
William L Risser, Jan M Risser, Amanda L Risser
In this review, the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are discussed from a USA perspective and the difficulties that USA adolescents face in recognizing and seeking care for PID and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are emphasized. Females aged 15-24 years have the highest incidence of cervical infection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrheae, the principal causes of PID. PID is common in this age group. However, the incidence of PID in the USA is not known, because it is not a reportable disease, and because clinicians vary in the criteria used for the diagnosis...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716795/the-magnitude-of-and-factors-associated-with-loss-to-follow-up-among-patients-treated-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-multilevel-analysis
#5
Mache Tsadik, Yemane Berhane, Alemayehu Worku, Wondwossen Terefe
OBJECTIVES: The loss to follow-up (LTFU) among patients attending care for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Sub-Saharan Africa is a major barrier to achieving the goals of the STI prevention and control programme. The objective of this study was to investigate individual- and facility-level factors associated with LTFU among patients treated for STIs in Ethiopia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted among patients attending care for STIs in selected facilities from January to June 2015 in the Tigray region of Ethiopia...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716771/an-intervention-using-gamification-to-increase-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-california-rationale-and-design-of-stick-to-it
#6
Christopher M Mejia, Daniel Acland, Raluca Buzdugan, Reva Grimball, Lauren Natoli, Mark R McGrath, Jeffrey D Klausner, Sandra I McCoy
BACKGROUND: In the United States, young men who have sex with men (YMSM) remain disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Although routine HIV/STI screening is pivotal to the timely diagnosis of HIV and STIs, initiation of appropriate treatment, and reduced onward disease transmission, repeat screening is underused. Novel interventions that incorporate elements of games, an approach known as gamification, have the potential to increase routinization of HIV/STI screening among YMSM...
July 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708811/challenges-in-translating-prep-interest-into-uptake-in-an-observational-study-of-young-black-msm
#7
Charlotte-Paige Rolle, Eli S Rosenberg, Aaron J Siegler, Travis H Sanchez, Nicole Luisi, Kevin Weiss, Scott Cutro, Carlos Del Rio, Patrick S Sullivan, Colleen F Kelley
BACKGROUND: HIV incidence among US young, black MSM (YBMSM) is high, and structural barriers (e.g. lack of health insurance) may limit access to Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP). Research studies conducted with YBMSM must ensure access to the best available HIV prevention methods, including PrEP. METHODS: We implemented an optional, non-incentivized PrEP program in addition to standard HIV prevention services in a prospective, observational cohort of HIV-negative YBMSM in Atlanta, GA...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708696/prevalence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-cisgender-and-transgender-women-sex-workers-in-greater-kuala-lumpur-malaysia-results-from-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#8
Jeffrey A Wickersham, Britton A Gibson, Alexander R Bazazi, Veena Pillai, Courtney J Pedersen, Jaimie P Meyer, Nabila El-Bassel, Kenneth H Mayer, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Sex workers face a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) worldwide. For cisgender women sex workers (CWSW), global HIV prevalence is over 10%, whereas transgender women sex workers (TWSW) face an HIV burden of 19% to 27%. METHODS: We used respondent-driven sampling to recruit 492 sex workers, including CWSW (n = 299) and TWSW (n = 193) in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants completed an in-depth survey and were screened for HIV, syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae...
June 20, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708025/chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-screening-and-expedited-partner-therapy-ept-practices-of-college-student-health-centers
#9
Sara B Oswalt, Heather P Eastman-Mueller
OBJECTIVE: To examine college student health centers' practices related to STD screening and treatment over a five-year period. PARTICIPANTS: College student health centers (SHCs) that completed the ACHA Pap and STI Survey between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: Chi-square tests were conducted with Cramer's V providing a measure of association. RESULTS: Chlamydia screening of women under 25 years of age was a well-established practice...
July 14, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703726/motherhood-and-risk-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-female-sex-workers-in-the-mexico-us-border-region
#10
Argentina E Servin, Elizabeth Reed, Kimberly C Brouwer, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Sabrina Boyce, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Globally, female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a high-risk group for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, as women of reproductive age, FSWs also have children. Few studies have investigated if financial responsibilities associated with motherhood increase women's vulnerability to HIV and STIs among FSWs. METHODS: From March 2013 to March 2014, 603 FSWs aged ≥18 years were recruited from Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez (Mexico) to participate in a study assessing HIV/STI risk environments...
August 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702852/pilot-test-of-an-integrated-sexual-risk-reduction-intervention-for-women-with-a-history-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#11
Theresa E Senn, Amy Braksmajer, Marguerite A Urban, Patricia Coury-Doniger, Michael P Carey
HIV and childhood sexual abuse (CSA) are intersecting public health problems for women. We pilot tested an integrated sexual risk reduction intervention for women with a history of CSA that addressed both the consequences of CSA [based on the Traumagenic Dynamics (TD) framework] and the antecedents of sexual risk behavior (based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills [IMB] model). Women with a history of CSA who were attending a public STI clinic (n = 84) were randomly assigned to a five-session integrated TD/IMB (experimental) group intervention or to a time-matched IMB-guided sexual risk reduction (control) group intervention...
July 12, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702808/longer-exercise-duration-delays-post-exercise-recovery-of-cardiac-parasympathetic-but-not-sympathetic-indices
#12
Scott Michael, Ollie Jay, Kenneth S Graham, Glen M Davis
PURPOSE: This study investigated non-invasive indices of post-exercise parasympathetic reactivation (using heart rate variability, HRV) and sympathetic withdrawal (using systolic time intervals, STI) following different exercise durations. METHODS: 13 healthy males (age 26.4 ± 4.7 years) cycled at 70% heart rate (HR) reserve for two durations-8 min (SHORT) and 32 min (LONG)-on separate occasions: HRV (including natural logarithm of root mean square of successive differences, Ln-RMSSD) and STI (including pre-ejection period, PEP) were assessed throughout 10 min seated recovery...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701272/sexually-transmitted-infections-challenges-ahead
#13
REVIEW
Magnus Unemo, Catriona S Bradshaw, Jane S Hocking, Henry J C de Vries, Suzanna C Francis, David Mabey, Jeanne M Marrazzo, Gerard J B Sonder, Jane R Schwebke, Elske Hoornenborg, Rosanna W Peeling, Susan S Philip, Nicola Low, Christopher K Fairley
WHO estimated that nearly 1 million people become infected every day with any of four curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs): chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis. Despite their high global incidence, STIs remain a neglected area of research. In this Commission, we have prioritised five areas that represent particular challenges in STI treatment and control. Chlamydia remains the most commonly diagnosed bacterial STI in high-income countries despite widespread testing recommendations, sensitive and specific non-invasive testing techniques, and cheap effective therapy...
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701270/mycoplasma-genitalium-yet-another-challenging-sti
#14
Jørgen Skov Jensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700394/medication-adherence-condom-use-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-australian-preexposure-prophylaxis-users
#15
Luxi Lal, Jennifer Audsley, Dean A Murphy, Christopher K Fairley, Mark Stoove, Norm Roth, Richard Moore, Ban K Tee, Nalagafiar Puratmaja, Peter L Anderson, David Leslie, Robert M Grant, John De Wit, Edwina Wright
OBJECTIVE: HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) decreases risk of HIV acquisition; however, its efficacy is closely dependent on adherence. There is also concern that the preventive effect of PrEP may be offset by risk compensation, notably an increase in condomless anal sex. DESIGN: Multisite, open-label demonstration study that recruited people at current or recent risk of HIV infection in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Participants were recruited from three general practice clinics and one sexual health clinic in Melbourne and consented to take daily tenofovir/emtricitabine (TFV/FTC) for 30 months...
July 31, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698342/prevalence-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-among-sti-clinic-attendees-in-western-canada-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#16
Jennifer Gratrix, Sabrina Plitt, LeeAnn Turnbull, Petra Smyczek, Judith Brandley, Ron Scarrott, Prenilla Naidu, Penny Parker, Brenda Blore, Amy Bull, Sandy Shokoples, Lindsay Bertholet, Irene Martin, Max Chernesky, Ron Read, Ameeta Singh
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and correlates of Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) infection among men and women, determine the prevalence of gene mutations conferring resistance and compare test performance of female specimen types. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on specimens collected for gonorrhoea (NG, Neisseria gonorrhoeae) and chlamydia (CT, Chlamydia trachomatis) among male and female Alberta STI clinic attendees using the M. genitalium transcription-mediated amplification-research use only test...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698334/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-sexual-health-clinic-based-automated-text-message-reminders-on-testing-of-hiv-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-protocol-for-the-t2t-study
#17
Huachun Zou, Xiaojun Meng, Andrew Grulich, Shujie Huang, Tianjian Jia, Xuan Zhang, Zhenzhou Luo, Yi Ding, Ligang Yang, Jinmei Han, Weiying Chen, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang
INTRODUCTION: The frequency of screening for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) is still low in China. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A sexual health clinic based randomised controlled trial will be conducted in Guangzhou, Wuxi and Shenzhen, China, enrolling 600 MSM. Eligibility will be judged by the pre-programed iPad based questionnaire: (1) age ≥18 years and (2) have had two or more male anal sex partners, or condomless anal sex with a casual male sex partner, or an STI history, in the past 6 months, and (3) provides a valid mobile phone number...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697679/increased-synthetic-drug-abuse-and-trends-in-hiv-and-syphilis-prevalence-among-female-drug-users-from-2010-2014-from-beijing-china
#18
Yanming Sun, Wei Guo, Guiying Li, Shufang He, Hongyan Lu
The objective of this study was to monitor the trend of addiction drug use and its relationship with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female drug users (FDUs). Serial cross-sectional surveys were conducted during 2010-2014 among FDUs in Beijing to collect information on addiction drug usage, sexual behaviors, and STI prevalence. Characteristics were analyzed and compared between traditional and synthetic drug users among FDUs by logistic regression method. A total of 3859 FDUs were surveyed during 2010-2014, with the median age being 32...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697624/evaluating-a-novel-intervention-to-reduce-trauma-symptoms-and-sexual-risk-taking-qualitative-exit-interviews-with-sexual-minority-men-with-childhood-sexual-abuse
#19
S Wade Taylor, Brett M Goshe, Samantha M Marquez, Steven A Safren, Conall O'Cleirigh
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) continues to affect sexual minority men (SMM) at disproportionate levels and contributes to multiple negative health outcomes, including sexual-risk taking and HIV acquisition. This paper presents qualitative evaluative feedback from SMM (N = 9) who participated in a 10-session Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Trauma and Sexual Health (CBT-TSH) intervention to reduce CSA-related posttraumatic stress reaction and distress. The treatment was designed to increase accurate sexual risk appraisals and to improve self-care health behaviors related to HIV/STI acquisition...
July 12, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696858/enhancing-the-science-of-discovery-in-public-health-systems-and-services-research-through-participatory-research-methods
#20
William C Livingood, Lori A Bilello, Ulyee Choe, Katryne Lukens-Bull
The objective was to combine cost analysis and participatory research to identify actionable cost-saving opportunities in public health services for sexually transmitted infections (STI). This study used a mixed-methods approach of analyzing Florida public health data, combined with participatory research approaches to data collection including quantitative web-based surveys, qualitative in-depth interviews, and group discussions. Florida surveillance and administrative data on STIs and county health department (CHD) costs of services for 2012 were analyzed in addition to primary data collected from all Florida CHDs during 2014 and 2015...
July 11, 2017: Population Health Management
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