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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229245/drug-use-and-sexual-hiv-transmission-risk-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-women-msmw-men-who-have-sex-with-men-only-msmo-and-men-who-have-sex-with-women-only-mswo-and-the-female-partners-of-msmw-and-mswo-a-network-perspective
#1
Typhanye V Dyer, Maria R Khan, Milagros Sandoval, Abenaa Acheampong, Rotrease Regan, Melissa Bolyard, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert, Samuel R Friedman
We described drug use, sex risk, and STI/HIV among men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) and their female partners. We used the Network, Norms and HIV/STI Risk among Youth (NNAHRAY) study to evaluate drug use, sex risk, and biologically-confirmed STI/HIV in (1) MSMW and men who had sex with men only (MSMO) versus men who had sex with women only (MSWO) and (2) female partners of MSMW versus female partners of MSWO (N = 182 men, 152 women). MSMW versus MSWO had 30 to 60% increased odds of substance use, over twice the odds of multiple partnerships, and almost five times the odds of sex trade and HIV infection...
February 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227076/analysis-of-blood-pressure-signal-in-patients-with-different-ventricular-ejection-fraction-using-linear-and-non-linear-methods
#2
Andres Arcentales, Patricio Rivera, Pere Caminal, Andreas Voss, Antonio Bayes-Genis, Beatriz F Giraldo, Andres Arcentales, Patricio Rivera, Pere Caminal, Andreas Voss, Antonio Bayes-Genis, Beatriz F Giraldo, Pere Caminal, Antonio Bayes-Genis, Andres Arcentales, Patricio Rivera, Beatriz F Giraldo, Andreas Voss
Changes in the left ventricle function produce alternans in the hemodynamic and electric behavior of the cardiovascular system. A total of 49 cardiomyopathy patients have been studied based on the blood pressure signal (BP), and were classified according to the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in low risk (LR: LVEF>35%, 17 patients) and high risk (HR: LVEF≤35, 32 patients) groups. We propose to characterize these patients using a linear and a nonlinear methods, based on the spectral estimation and the recurrence plot, respectively...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227069/automatic-annotation-of-peaks-in-seismocardiogram-for-systolic-time-intervals
#3
Ghufran Shafiq, Sivanagaraja Tatinati, Kalyana C Veluvolu, Ghufran Shafiq, Sivanagaraja Tatinati, Kalyana C Veluvolu, Kalyana C Veluvolu, Sivanagaraja Tatinati, Ghufran Shafiq
Siemocardiography is a non-invasive technique for cardiomechanical assessment by analyzing the local vibrations on chest surface which can be readily acquired from cost-effective accelerometers. The peaks in siesmocardiogram (SCG) signal correspond to underlying mechanical events in heart cycle and have numerious potential clinical and health-awareness applications. However, utilization of SCG signal requires annotation of these peaks that is challenging due to variations in inter-subject morphology and noise prone characteristics of SCG signal...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225452/serious-concerns-regarding-a-meta-analysis-of-preexposure-prophylaxis-use-and-sti-acquisition
#4
Nina T Harawa, Ian W Holloway, Arleen Leibowitz, Robert Weiss, Jennifer Gildner, Raphael J Landovitz, Mario J Perez, Sonali Kulkarni, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Steven Shoptaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222714/screening-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-cervical-lesions-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-women-in-swaziland
#5
Pauline E Jolly, Simangele Mthethwa-Hleta, Luz A Padilla, Jessica Pettis, ShaCoria Winston, Tomi F Akinyemiju, Hannah J Turner, Amarachi Ejiawoko, Raina Brooks, Lena Preko, Peter O Preko
BACKGROUND: Cervical Cancer (CC) is the number one cancer among women in sub-Saharan Africa. Although CC is preventable, most women in developing countries do not have access to screening. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors for cervical lesions using visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) among 112 HIV positive and 161 negative women aged 18-69 years. RESULTS: The presence of cervical lesions was greater among HIV positive (22...
February 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221710/mobile-assessment-of-heightened-skin-conductance-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Rebecca Hinrichs, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Sterling Winters, Alex O Rothbaum, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler, Tanja Jovanovic
BACKGROUND: Increased psychophysiological reactivity is a hallmark intermediate phenotype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Individuals with PTSD exhibit greater skin conductance (SC) responses to trauma scripts than trauma survivors without PTSD. However, trauma scripts require time for development and cannot be easily used in a single visit. Thus, there is a need for a low-cost, easy-to-use, SC recording protocol for PTSD assessment. METHODS: Using a mobile device (eSense) connected to a portable tablet computer, we assessed SC reactivity to a standard trauma interview (STI) in 63 participants recruited from Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, GA, approximately 1 year after trauma exposure...
February 21, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216129/social-media-use-and-its-association-with-sexual-risk-and-parental-monitoring-among-a-primarily-hispanic-adolescent-population
#7
Dina L Romo, Chelsea Garnett, Alayna P Younger, Melissa S Stockwell, Karen Soren, Marina Catallozzi, Natalie Neu
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the association between social media (SM) use with sexual risk, and with parental monitoring among Hispanic adolescents. DESIGN: Self-administered anonymous survey SETTING: Urban primary care clinics PARTICIPANTS: 13-21 year olds primarily Hispanic adolescents MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Chi-square and regression analyses controlling for age and gender assessed associations between SM use or sexting and sexual behaviors (kissing, touching genitals, vaginal oral, and anal sex), sexual risk (>4 lifetime partners, >1 recent partner, inconsistent condom use and history of STI diagnosis) and contraceptive use...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214469/cost-benefit-analysis-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-screening-in-pregnant-women-in-a-high-burden-setting-in-the-united-states
#8
Jared Ditkowsky, Khushal H Shah, Margaret R Hammerschlag, Stephan Kohlhoff, Tamar A Smith-Norowitz
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States (U.S.) [1] and remains a major public health problem. We determined the cost- benefit of screening all pregnant women aged 15-24 for Chlamydia trachomatis infection compared with no screening. METHODS: We developed a decision analysis model to estimate costs and health-related effects of screening pregnant women for C. trachomatis in a high burden setting (Brooklyn, NY)...
February 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207780/analyzing-pepsin-degradation-assay-conditions-used-for-allergenicity-assessments-to-ensure-that-pepsin-susceptible-and-pepsin-resistant-dietary-proteins-are-distinguishable
#9
Rong Wang, Thomas C Edrington, S Bradley Storrs, Kathleen S Crowley, Jason M Ward, Thomas C Lee, Zi L Liu, Bin Li, Kevin C Glenn
The susceptibility of a dietary protein to proteolytic degradation by digestive enzymes, such as gastric pepsin, provides information on the likelihood of systemic exposure to a structurally intact and biologically active macromolecule, thus informing on the safety of proteins for human and animal consumption. Therefore, the purpose of standardized in vitro degradation studies that are performed during protein safety assessments is to distinguish whether proteins of interest are susceptible or resistant to pepsin degradation via a study design that enables study-to-study comparison...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203642/epitopes-within-recombinant-%C3%AE-actinin-protein-is-serodiagnostic-target-for-trichomonas-vaginalis-sexually-transmitted-infections
#10
J F Alderete
To date there is no commercially-available serodiagnostic for women and men infected with Trichomonas vaginalis. Thirteen epitopes of the immunogenic T. vaginalis α-actinin (106.2-kDa) are detected by sera of women patients, and 5 epitopes, a subset of the 13, are detected by sera of men. A truncated recombinant protein called ACT-P2 (63.5-kDa) encoding the 5 epitopes is used for screening by ELISA for antibody in sera of women and men. Because ACT-P2 is poorly expressed in E. coli, we wanted alternative recombinant α-actinin proteins as serodiagnostic targets...
January 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202736/hiv-and-sti-s-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-dodoma-municipality-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Elia John Mmbaga, Kåre Moen, Neema Makyao, Rose Mpembeni, Melkizedeck T Leshabari
OBJECTIVES: To determine the seroprevalence of HIV, STI and related risks among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Dodoma municipality, Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using respondent-driven sampling was employed to recruit study participants aged 18 years and above. Data on sociodemographics, HIV/STI knowledge and sexual practices were collected. Blood samples were tested for HIV and selected STIs. RESULTS: A total of 409 participants aged from 18 to 60 years took part in this study...
February 15, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201979/wide-variation-in-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-and-counselling-at-aboriginal-primary-health-care-centres-in-australia-analysis-of-longitudinal-continuous-quality-improvement-data
#12
Barbara Nattabi, Veronica Matthews, Jodie Bailie, Alice Rumbold, David Scrimgeour, Gill Schierhout, James Ward, Rebecca Guy, John Kaldor, Sandra C Thompson, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis are readily treatable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) which continue to occur at high rates in Australia, particularly among Aboriginal Australians. This study aimed to: explore the extent of variation in delivery of recommended STI screening investigations and counselling within Aboriginal primary health care (PHC) centres; identify the factors associated with variation in screening practices; and determine if provision of STI testing and counselling increased with participation in continuous quality improvement (CQI)...
February 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195779/ehealth-literacy-and-intervention-tailoring-impacts-the-acceptability-of-a-hiv-sti-testing-intervention-and-sexual-decision-making-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men
#13
Keith J Horvath, José A Bauermeister
We assessed whether young men who have sex with men's acceptability with the online Get Connected! intervention and subsequent sexual health decision making were influenced by their baseline eHealth literacy (high vs. low competency) and intervention tailoring (tailored or nontailored intervention condition). Compared to the high eHealth literacy/tailored intervention group: (1) those in the low eHealth literacy/tailored intervention condition and participants in the nontailored intervention condition (regardless of eHealth literacy score) reported lower intervention information quality scores; and (2) those in the low eHealth literacy/nontailored intervention group reported lower intervention system quality scores and that the intervention had less influence on their sexual health decision making...
February 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195777/hiv-prevention-opportunities-with-gps-based-social-and-sexual-networking-applications-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Wendasha Jenkins Hall, Christina J Sun, Amanda E Tanner, Lilli Mann, Jason Stowers, Scott D Rhodes
The goal of this study was to gain insight on the sexual health needs of men who have sex with men (MSM) who use GPS-based social and sexual networking mobile applications (apps) and the future utility of app-based interventions. A health educator promoted HIV-testing resources in four popular apps used by MSM. Content analysis was used to identify salient themes that emerged from the conversations. Four major themes were identified: (1) soliciting sexual encounters, (2) relationship building, (3) HIV and STI-testing inquiries, and (4) seeking other sexual health information...
February 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192460/knowledge-attitudes-practices-and-willingness-to-vaccinate-in-preparation-for-the-introduction-of-hpv-vaccines-in-bamako-mali
#15
Anne S De Groot, Karamoko Tounkara, Mali Rochas, Sarah Beseme, Shahla Yekta, Fanta Siby Diallo, J Kathleen Tracy, Ibrahima Teguete, Ousmane A Koita
Although screening for pre-cancerous cervical lesions and human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination are accepted and effective means to prevent cervical cancer, women in Mali have limited access to these interventions. In addition, cervical cancer prevention by HPV vaccination has been controversial in some settings. To reduce cervical cancer prevalence and increase HPV vaccine uptake, it is important to understand the level of knowledge about cervical cancer screening and practices related to vaccination in at-risk populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185995/study-protocol-community-links-to-establish-alcohol-recovery-clear-for-women-leaving-jail
#16
Jennifer E Johnson, Yael Chatav Schonbrun, Bradley Anderson, Megan Kurth, Christine Timko, Michael Stein
PURPOSE: This article describes the protocol for a randomized effectiveness trial of a method to link alcohol use disordered women who are in pretrial jail detention with post-release 12-step mutual help groups. BACKGROUND: Jails serve 15 times more people per year than do prisons and have very short stays, posing few opportunities for treatment or treatment planning. Alcohol use is associated with poor post-jail psychosocial and health outcomes including sexually transmitted diseases and HIV, especially for women...
February 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184170/sexual-risk-behaviors-hiv-and-syphilis-among-female-sex-workers-in-nepal
#17
Sampurna Kakchapati, Dipendra Raman Singh, Bir Bahadhur Rawal, Apiradee Lim
PURPOSE: Female sex workers (FSWs) are a key-affected population susceptible to acquiring HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), as well as transmitting the virus to others. The aim of the study was to assess HIV and syphilis prevalence among FSWs in Nepal and to examine factors associated with it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was based on Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) surveys among FSWs in Nepal from 2004 to 2015. Statistical analysis used chi-squared test to assess statistically significant risk factors for HIV and syphilis...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181784/recurrent-herpes-labialis-and-hsv-1-herpes-genitalis-which-is-the-link
#18
Sergio Delmonte, Francesca Sidoti, Simone Ribero, Ivano Dal Conte, Antonio Curtoni, Giulia Ciccarese, Elena Stroppiana, Maria L Stella, Cristina Costa, Rossana Cavallo, Alfredo Rebora, Francesco Drago
BACKGROUND: Recently, Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 seroprevalence declined among adolescents, rendering young people lacking HSV-1 antibodies more susceptible to genital HSV-1 acquisition, if sexually exposed. The aim of the present study was to identify the possible risk factors for the development of HSV-1 related herpes genitalis (HG). METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2015, patients with HG attending three Sexually Transmitted Infections Units in Northern Italy were recruited...
February 8, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178893/sexually-transmitted-infection-prevalence-and-related-risk-factors-among-heterosexual-male-methamphetamine-users-in-china
#19
Dianchang Liu, Zhenxia Jiang, Cuizhen Xiu, Zhizhi Li, Qing Song, Zhenhong Wang
Few studies have examined the association between methamphetamine (MA) abuse and sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk among heterosexual male MA users in China. A total of 288 heterosexual male MA users who met our inclusion criteria were recruited from nightclubs, KTVs, bars, bath centres and an STI clinic. STIs were screened among the participants, and the risk factors related to STIs were analysed by multivariate logistic regression in SPSS 11.0. Among the 288 heterosexual male MA users, 51 (17.7%) had syphilis, 36 (12...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178118/microscopy-of-stained-urethral-smear-in-male-urethritis-which-cutoff-should-be-used
#20
Harald Moi, Usha Hartgill, Kristin Helene Skullerud, Elina J Reponen, Line Syvertsen, Amir Moghaddam
BACKGROUND: The microscopical diagnosis of male urethritis was recently questioned by Rietmeijer and Mettenbrink, lowering the diagnostic criteria of the diagnosis to ≥2 polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNL) per high power field (HPF), and adopted by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in their 2015 STD Treatment Guidelines. The European Non-Gonococcal Urethritis Guideline advocates a limit of ≥5 PMNL/HPF. OBJECTIVE: To determine if syndromic treatment of urethritis should be considered with a cutoff value of ≥2 PMNL/HPF in urethral smear...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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