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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079206/freestanding-moo2-mo2c-imbedded-carbon-fibers-for-li-ion-batteries
#1
Hongqin Li, Haijun Ye, Zheng Xu, Chuanyi Wang, Jiao Yin, Hui Zhu
Flexible and freestanding MoO2/Mo2C imbedded carbon fibers (MoO2/Mo2C ICFs) have been successfully synthesized via an integrated procedure including electrospinning, thermo-plastication in air and reduction/carbonization at high temperature. A series of techniques such as SEM, TEM, N2 adsorption-desorption analysis, XRD, TGA, IR and XPS have been employed to systemically characterize the MoO2/Mo2C ICFs. In particular, it is observed that the MoO2/Mo2C ICFs derived from phosphomolybdic acid have more highly porous structures than those derived from molybdic acid...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079199/structural-influence-of-proteins-upon-adsorption-to-mos2-nanomaterials-comparison-of-mos2-force-field-parameters
#2
Zonglin Gu, Phil De Luna, Zaixing Yang, Ruhong Zhou
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has recently emerged as a promising nanomaterial in a wide range of applications due to its unique and impressive properties. For example, MoS2 has gained attention in the biomedical field because of its ability to act as an antibacterial and anticancer agent. However, the potential influence of this exciting nanomaterial on biomolecules is yet to be extensively studied. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are invaluable tools in the examination of protein interactions with nanomaterials such as MoS2...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079192/differential-cytotoxic-effects-of-graphene-and-graphene-oxide-on-skin-keratinocytes
#3
Marco Pelin, Laura Fusco, Verónica León, Cristina Martín, Alejandro Criado, Silvio Sosa, Ester Vázquez, Aurelia Tubaro, Maurizio Prato
Impressive properties make graphene-based materials (GBMs) promising tools for nanoelectronics and biomedicine. However, safety concerns need to be cleared before mass production of GBMs starts. As skin, together with lungs, displays the highest exposure to GBMs, it is of fundamental importance to understand what happens when GBMs get in contact with skin cells. The present study was carried out on HaCaT keratinocytes, an in vitro model of skin toxicity, on which the effects of four GBMs were evaluated: a few layer graphene, prepared by ball-milling treatment (FLG), and three samples of graphene oxide (GOs, a research-grade GO1, and two commercial GOs, GO2 and GO3)...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078338/dual-physically-crosslinked-double-network-hydrogels-with-high-toughness-and-self-healing-properties
#4
Xuefeng Li, Qian Yang, Youjiao Zhao, Shijun Long, Jie Zheng
Toughness and self-healing properties are desirable characteristics in engineered hydrogels used for many practical applications. However, it is still challenging to develop hydrogels exhibiting both of these attractive properties in a single material. In this work, we present the fabrication of fully physically-linked Agar/PAAc-Fe(3+) DN gels. These hydrogels exhibited dual physical crosslinking through a hydrogen bonded crosslinked agar network firstly, and a physically linked PAAc-Fe(3+) network via Fe(3+) coordination interactions secondly...
January 12, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076661/impression-techniques-used-for-single-unit-crowns-findings-from-the-national-dental-practice-based-research-network
#5
Michael S McCracken, David R Louis, Mark S Litaker, Helena M Minyé, Thomas Oates, Valeria V Gordan, Don G Marshall, Cyril Meyerowitz, Gregg H Gilbert
PURPOSE: To: (1) determine which impression and gingival displacement techniques practitioners use for single-unit crowns on natural teeth; and (2) test whether certain dentist and practice characteristics are significantly associated with the use of these techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dentists participating in the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network were eligible for this survey study. The study used a questionnaire developed by clinicians, statisticians, laboratory technicians, and survey experts...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075054/inkjet-printed-lithium-sulfur-microcathodes-for-all-printed-integrated-nanomanufacturing
#6
Craig A Milroy, Seonpil Jang, Toshihiko Fujimori, Ananth Dodabalapur, Arumugam Manthiram
Improved thin-film microbatteries are needed to provide appropriate energy-storage options to power the multitude of devices that will bring the proposed "Internet of Things" network to fruition (e.g., active radio-frequency identification tags and microcontrollers for wearable and implantable devices). Although impressive efforts have been made to improve the energy density of 3D microbatteries, they have all used low energy-density lithium-ion chemistries, which present a fundamental barrier to miniaturization...
January 11, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071604/anion-exchange-strategy-to-synthesis-of-porous-nis-hexagonal-nanoplates-for-supercapacitors
#7
Zhongchun Li, Xuewei Yu, Aijun Gu, Huang Tang, Liangbiao Wang, Zhengsong Lou
A facile anion exchange strategy was applied to the synthesis of porous NiS hexagonal nanoplates (NiS HNPs) as an electrode material for supercapacitors. It was found that Na2S concentration is a key factor to achieve porous NiS hexagonal nanoplates with well-defined architecture. Porous NiS hexagonal nanoplates exhibited a specific capacitance of 1897 F g(-1) at a current density of 1 A g(-1). NiS HNPs//activated carbon (AC) asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) shows a long cycle lifespan (about 100% capacity retention after 4000 cycles at a current density of 3 A g(-1)) with a maximum energy density of 11...
January 10, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057875/perceived-challenges-of-working-in-a-fertility-clinic-a-qualitative-analysis-of-work-stressors-and-difficulties-working-with-patients
#8
Jacky Boivin, Laura Bunting, Emily Koert, Chin Ieng U, Christianne Verhaak
STUDY QUESTION: What are some of the challenges of working in a fertility clinic? SUMMARY ANSWER: The most frequently mentioned challenges were workload (e.g. high time pressure) and patient-related sources (e.g. unrealistic expectations). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: One study showed a too high workload, worry about handling human material and low success rates were main stressors in fertility clinics. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: An online open-ended survey inviting participants to respond to seven questions was distributed to 5902 members of the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE, October 2010)...
January 5, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050525/modified-technique-for-making-auto-polymerized-polymethylmethacrylate-resin-custom-tray
#9
Ahila Singaravel Chidambaranathan, Ramesh Reddy, Suresh Rajendran, Muthu Kumar Balasubramaniam
Custom made tray for dental impression is designed to provide a uniform space for the impression material and thereby improve the accuracy of the resultant working cast. Auto-polymerized acrylic resins have been the most commonly used material for the fabrication of these trays. The custom tray produces more accurate and reliable results for inter-abutment distance at the occlusal and gingival level than stock trays. This article describes a modified technique for fabrication of auto-polymerized Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) resin trays...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049052/in-situ-formation-of-carbon-encapsulated-nanosheet-assembled-mose2-hollow-nanospheres-with-boosting-lithium-storage
#10
Laidi Wu, Pengfei Tan, Yi Liu, Yanyang Shang, Wenwen Liu, Xiang Xiong, Jun Pan
Carbon encapsulated nanosheet-assembled MoSe2 hollow nanospheres were in situ fabricated via a facile hydrothermal treatment and subsequent annealing treatment. When evaluated as anode material for lithium-ion batteries, the MoSe2/C hybrid hollow spheres manifest prodigious cycling stability (a high reversible capacity of 795mAhg(-1) after 250 cycles at 0.2Ag(-1) and 744mAhg(-1) after 300 cycles at 1Ag(-1)) and compelling rate capability (370mAhg(-1) even at a high current density of 10Ag(-1)) compared to the bare MoSe2 hollow nanospheres...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042266/a-self-disinfecting-irreversible-hydrocolloid-impression-material-mixed-with-povidone-iodine-powder
#11
Hussien Abdalfatah Ismail, Hani Asfour, Souaad Abdulelah Shikho
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the effect of adding povidone (PVP) iodine powder with different concentrations to irreversible hydrocolloid on both microbiological and dimensional stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Regular set of (alginate) irreversible hydrocolloid was selected as control group. PVP-iodine powder was mixed with the alginate powder at concentrations of 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20% by weight (test groups). All specimens were tested for their antimicrobial effect against Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus as well as dimensional stability...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036170/absorption-dominated-electromagnetic-wave-suppressor-derived-from-ferrite-doped-cross-linked-graphene-framework-and-conducting-carbon
#12
Sourav Biswas, Injamamul Arief, Sujit Sankar Panja, Suryasarathi Bose
To minimize electromagnetic (EM) pollution, two key parameters, namely, intrinsic wave impedance matching and intense absorption of incoming EM radiation, must satisfy the utmost requirements. To target these requirements, soft conducting composites consisting of binary blends of polycarbonate (PC) and poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) were designed with doped multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and a three-dimensional cross-linked graphene oxide (GO) framework doped with ferrite nanoparticles. The doping of α-MnO2 onto the MWCNTs ensured intrinsic wave impedance matching in addition to providing conducting pathways, and the ferrite-doped cross-linked GO facilitated the enhanced attenuation of the incoming EM radiation...
January 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032926/soft-actuators-for-small-scale-robotics
#13
Lindsey Hines, Kirstin Petersen, Guo Zhan Lum, Metin Sitti
This review comprises a detailed survey of ongoing methodologies for soft actuators, highlighting approaches suitable for nanometer- to centimeter-scale robotic applications. Soft robots present a special design challenge in that their actuation and sensing mechanisms are often highly integrated with the robot body and overall functionality. When less than a centimeter, they belong to an even more special subcategory of robots or devices, in that they often lack on-board power, sensing, computation, and control...
December 29, 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032920/critical-insight-into-the-relentless-progression-toward-graphene-and-graphene-containing-materials-for-lithium-ion-battery-anodes
#14
Rinaldo Raccichini, Alberto Varzi, Di Wei, Stefano Passerini
Used as a bare active material or component in hybrids, graphene has been the subject of numerous studies in recent years. Indeed, from the first report that appeared in late July 2008, almost 1600 papers were published as of the end 2015 that investigated the properties of graphene as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Although an impressive amount of data has been collected, a real advance in the field still seems to be missing. In this framework, attention is focused on the most prominent research efforts in this field with the aim of identifying the causes of such relentless progression through an insightful and critical evaluation of the lithium-ion storage performances (i...
December 29, 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026163/enhanced-electrochemical-and-photocatalytic-performance-of-core-shell-cus-carbon-quantum-dots-carbon-hollow-nanospheres
#15
Bibekananda De, Jayaraman Balamurugan, Nam Hoon Kim, Joong Hee Lee
A controlled structural morphology, high specific surface area, large void space, and excellent biocompatibility are typical favorable properties in electrochemical energy storage and photocatalytic studies; however, a complete understanding about this essential topic still remains a great challenge. Herein, we have developed a new type of functionalized carbon hollow-structured nanospheres based on core-shell copper sulfide@carbon quantum dots (CQDs)@carbon hollow nanosphere (CHNS) architecture. This CuS@CQDs@C HNS is accomplished by a simple, scalable, in situ single-step hydrothermal method to produce the material that can be employed as an electrode for electrochemical energy storage and photocatalytic applications...
January 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026152/harnessing-three-dimensional-anatomy-of-graphene-foam-to-induce-superior-damping-in-hierarchical-polyimide-nanostructures
#16
Pranjal Nautiyal, Benjamin Boesl, Arvind Agarwal
Graphene foam-based hierarchical polyimide composites with nanoengineered interface are fabricated in this study. Damping behavior of graphene foam is probed for the first time. Multiscale mechanisms contribute to highly impressive damping in graphene foam. Rippling, spring-like interlayer van der Waals interactions and flexing of graphene foam branches are believed to be responsible for damping at the intrinsic, interlayer and anatomical scales, respectively. Merely 1.5 wt% graphene foam addition to the polyimide matrix leads to as high as ≈300% improvement in loss tangent...
December 27, 2016: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024818/effect-of-production-method-on-surface-roughness-marginal-and-internal-fit-and-retention-of-cobalt-chromium-single%C3%A2-crowns
#17
Nils Lövgren, Rikard Roxner, Susanne Klemendz, Christel Larsson
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: New production methods have been developed for metal ceramic restorations. Different production methods may show different surface roughness and fit, which may affect retention and long-term success. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to examine 3 different production methods with regard to surface roughness, marginal and internal fit, and retention of cobalt-chromium alloy single-crown copings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A master abutment of a premolar mandibular tooth preparation with 4-mm height and a 0...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008430/surgical-and-prosthetic-dental-rehabilitation-through-a-complete-digital-workflow-a-case-report
#18
Panagiotis Tsirogiannis, Sascha Pieger, Stavros Pelekanos, Stefanos Kourtis
Several aspects of digital dentistry have recently been improved, including new materials, navigated implant placement, digital impression in combination with virtual articulation, and the computer-aided processes of designing and manufacturing of prosthetic restorations. In this case report, the prosthodontic treatment of a patient through a complete digital workflow is presented. A 39-year-old male patient presented for restoration of missing teeth in the posterior maxilla and mandible. In a single-tooth narrow gap (region 15), a Straumann NNC implant was placed by computer-assisted planning and navigation...
2016: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003824/accuracy-of-the-one-stage-and-two-stage-impression-techniques-a-comparative-analysis
#19
Ladan Jamshidy, Hamid Reza Mozaffari, Payam Faraji, Roohollah Sharifi
Introduction. One of the main steps of impression is the selection and preparation of an appropriate tray. Hence, the present study aimed to analyze and compare the accuracy of one- and two-stage impression techniques. Materials and Methods. A resin laboratory-made model, as the first molar, was prepared by standard method for full crowns with processed preparation finish line of 1 mm depth and convergence angle of 3-4°. Impression was made 20 times with one-stage technique and 20 times with two-stage technique using an appropriate tray...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976629/subsurface-contrast-due-to-friction-in-heterodyne-force-microscopy
#20
G J Verbiest, Tjerk Oosterkamp, Marcel Rost
The nondestructive imaging of subsurface structures on the nanometer scale has been a long-standing desire in both science and industry. A few impressive images were published so far that demonstrate the general feasibility by combining ultrasound with an Atomic Force Microscope. From different excitation schemes, Heterodyne Force Microscopy seems to be the most promising candidate delivering the highest contrast and resolution. However, the physical contrast mechanism is unknown, thereby preventing any quantitative analysis of samples...
December 15, 2016: Nanotechnology
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