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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933813/facile-and-effective-coloration-of-dye-inert-carbon-fiber-fabrics-with-tunable-colours-and-excellent-laundering-durability
#1
Fengxiang Chen, Huiyu Yang, Ke Li, Bo Deng, Qingsong Li, Xin Liu, Binghai Dong, Xingfang Xiao, Dong Wang, Yong Qin, Shi-Min Wang, Ke-Qin Zhang, Weilin Xu
Carbon fiber is a good candidate in various applications, including military, structural, sports equipment, energy storage, and infrastructure. Coloring of carbon fiber has been a big challenge for decades due to their high degrees of crystallization and insufficient chemical affinity to dyes. Here, multicolored carbon fiber fabrics (CFFs) are fabricated using a feasible, effective atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique. The vibrant and uniform structural colors originate from thin film interference is simply regulated by controlling the thickness of comformal TiO2 coatings on the surface of black carbon fibers (CFs)...
September 21, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929419/high-resolution-mr-imaging-for-dental-impressions-a-feasibility-study
#2
Julian Boldt, Kurt Rottner, Marc Schmitter, Andreas Hopfgartner, Peter Jakob, Ernst-Jürgen Richter, Olga Tymofiyeva
OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging is an emerging technology in dental medicine. While low-resolution MRI has especially provided means to examine the temporomandibular joint due to its anatomic inaccessibility, it was the goal of this study to assess whether high-resolution MRI is capable of delivering a dataset sufficiently precise enough to serve as digital impression of human teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An informed and consenting patient in need of dental restoration with fixed partial dentures was chosen as subject...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929054/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-geriatric-patient-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-buccal-mucosa-a-report-of-clinical-challenges
#3
Raghavendra Adaki, Sarvesh Raikar, Kamal Shigli, Sivaranjani Gali
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to highlight the rehabilitation of a geriatric patient with an orofacial cheek defect by an extraoral silicone prosthesis. METHODOLOGY: Structured extra- and intra-oral examination of tissues coupled with a justified choice of impression materials, techniques, and prosthetic rehabilitation with a high-temperature vulcanizing silicone was done. RESULTS: The presence of compressible tissues, static appearance of the prosthesis during patient's facial movements, variability in complexion of the skin around the defect, and manipulating heat-vulcanized silicone were the challenges faced during clinical procedures...
April 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923129/a-cinema-for-the-unborn-moving-pictures-mental-pictures-and-electra-sparks-s-new-thought-film-theory
#4
Patrick Ellis
In the 1910s, New York suffragette Electra Sparks wrote a series of essays in the Moving Picture News that advocated for cine-therapy treatments for pregnant women. Film was, in her view, the great democratizer of beautiful images, providing high-cultural access to the city's poor. These positive 'mental pictures' were important for her because, she claimed, in order to produce an attractive, healthy child, the mother must be exposed to quality cultural material. Sparks's championing of cinema during its 'second birth' was founded upon the premise of New Thought...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914598/ovarian-cancer-prevalence-in-incidental-simple-adnexal-cysts-initially-identified-in-ct-examinations-of-the-abdomen-and-pelvis
#5
Johannes Boos, Olga R Brook, Jieming Fang, Alexander Brook, Deborah Levine
Purpose To evaluate the rate of malignancy in incidentally detected simple adnexal cysts at computed tomography (CT) to determine if simple-appearing cysts require follow-up. Materials and Methods In this HIPAA-compliant, institutional review board-approved retrospective cohort study, an institutional database was searched for abdominal and pelvic CT studies performed between June 2003 and December 2010 in women reported to have adnexal cysts. Adnexal cyst characterization was determined by prospective report description as well as image review by a research fellow and by a fellowship-trained abdominal radiologist for examinations with disagreement between the original report and the research fellow's assessment...
September 14, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905069/hollow-co2p-nanoflowers-assembled-from-nanorods-for-ultralong-cycle-life-supercapacitors
#6
Ming Cheng, Hongsheng Fan, Yingying Xu, Rongming Wang, Xixiang Zhang
Hollow Co2P nanoflowers (Co2P HNFs) were successfully prepared via a one-step, template-free method. Microstructure analysis reveals that Co2P HNFs are assembled from nanorods and possess abundant mesopores and an amorphous carbon shell. Density functional theory calculations and electrochemical measurements demonstrate the high electrical conductivity of Co2P. Benefiting from the unique nanostructures, when employed as an electrode material for supercapacitors, Co2P HNFs exhibit a high specific capacitance, an outstanding rate capability, and an ultralong cycling stability...
September 14, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904617/an-efficient-pd-nhc-catalyst-system-in-situ-generated-from-na2pdcl4-and-peg-functionalized-imidazolium-salts-for-mizoroki-heck-reactions-in-water
#7
Nan Sun, Meng Chen, Liqun Jin, Wei Zhao, Baoxiang Hu, Zhenlu Shen, Xinquan Hu
Three PEG-functionalized imidazolium salts L1-L3 were designed and prepared from commercially available materials via a simple method. Their corresponding water soluble Pd-NHC catalysts, in situ generated from the imidazolium salts L1-L3 and Na2PdCl4 in water, showed impressive catalytic activity for aqueous Mizoroki-Heck reactions. The kinetic study revealed that the Pd catalyst derived from the imidazolium salt L1, bearing a pyridine-2-methyl substituent at the N3 atom of the imidazole ring, showed the best catalytic activity...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886768/dental-impression-materials-and-techniques
#8
REVIEW
Amit Punj, Despoina Bompolaki, Jorge Garaicoa
Dental impression making is the process of creating a negative form of the teeth and oral tissues, into which gypsum or other die materials can be processed to create working analogues. Contemporary dentistry generates new information every year and digital dentistry is becoming established and influential. Although dentists should stay abreast of new technologies, some of the conventional materials and time-tested techniques remain widely used. It is important to review the impression-making process to ensure that practitioners have up-to-date information about how to safely and effectively capture the exact form of the oral tissues to provide optimal patient management...
October 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876934/-rigid-luminescent-soft-materials-europium-containing-lyotropic-liquid-crystals-based-on-polyoxyethylene-phytosterols-and-ionic-liquids
#9
Sijing Yi, Jiao Wang, Zhenyu Feng, Xiao Chen
Soft materials of europium β-diketonate complexes constructed in lyotropic liquid crystals (LLCs) mediated by ionic liquids (ILs) are impressive for their excellent luminescence performance and stability. For the aim to further improve their mechanical processability and luminescent tunablility, the polyoxyethylene phytosterols (BPS-n) were introduced here as structure directing agents to prepare relatively "rigid" lamellar luminescent LLCs in 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium hexafluorophosphate by doping europium β-diketonate complexes with different imidazolium counter ions...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874996/accuracy-of-a-separating-foil-impression-using-a-novel-polyolefin-foil-compared-to-a-custom-tray-and-a-stock-tray-technique
#10
Marie-Hélène Pastoret, Gabriel Krastl, Julia Bühler, Roland Weiger, Nicola Ursula Zitzmann
PURPOSE: To compare the dimensional accuracy of three impression techniques- a separating foil impression, a custom tray impression, and a stock tray impression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A machined mandibular complete-arch metal model with special modifications served as a master cast. Three different impression techniques (n = 6 in each group) were performed with addition-cured silicon materials: i) putty-wash technique with a prefabricated metal tray (MET) using putty and regular body, ii) single-phase impression with custom tray (CUS) using regular body material, and iii) two-stage technique with stock metal tray (SEP) using putty with a separating foil and regular body material...
August 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872834/the-curious-case-of-fluorination-of-conjugated-polymers-for-solar-cells
#11
Qianqian Zhang, Mary Allison Kelly, Nicole Bauer, Wei You
Organic solar cells (OSCs) have been a rising star in the field of renewable energy since the introduction of the bulk heterojunction (BHJ) in 1992. Recent advances have pushed the efficiencies of OSCs to over 13%, an impressive accomplishment via collaborative efforts in rational materials design and synthesis, careful device engineering, and fundamental understanding of device physics. Throughout these endeavors, several design principles for the conjugated donor polymers used in such solar cells have emerged, including optimizing the conjugated backbone with judicious selection of building blocks, side-chain engineering, and substituents...
September 5, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866438/observations-on-fluid-flow-from-exposed-dentine-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vitro-study
#12
Monticha Rangcharoen, Varisara Sirimaharaj, Sitthichai Wanachantararak, Noppakun Vongsavan, Bruce Matthews
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fluid flow through dentine in primary teeth in vitro using the replica technique, and to compare the results with those obtained from permanent dentine. DESIGN: The experiments were carried out on 22 extracted, mandibular, primary, incisor teeth. The incisal edge was removed to 1mm below the dentino-enamel junction and half the exposed surface etched with phosphoric acid. The exposed dentine was blotted dry and the pressure in the pulp cavity held at 0, 15, 30 or 45cm H2O above atmospheric for 30s...
August 25, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862584/a-root-volume-study-of-the-adult-dentition-for-ridge-preservation-purposes
#13
John Thousand, Joseph Datar, Kerri Font, Charles A Powell
Ridge preservation has become a common practice to preserve the remaining alveolar bone volume after tooth extraction. The most common volume of graft material in commercially available vials is between 0.50 and 1.00 mL. The clinician must estimate how much grafting material is needed after extracting a tooth. The aim of this study is to provide the clinician with a volumetric guide for selection of graft material for ridge preservation after tooth extraction. Fifteen sets of permanent teeth, each representing a full adult dentition excluding the third molars, were selected at random from a collection of extracted teeth...
September 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855443/influences-of-differences-in-tray-design-and-impression-material-on-impression-pressure-at-edentulous-mandible
#14
Sayumi Inoue, Misao Kawara, Takashi Iida, Masatoshi Iwasaki, Osamu Komiyama
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of tray design and impression material on impression pressure in a clinical simulation model of an edentulous mandible. Two types of polyvinylsiloxane elastomer, one type of polyether elastomer, and one type of alginate were used. The three tray types had no relief, 0.36 mm of relief, or 1.4 mm of relief, with or without escape holes. Impression pressure was measured at the median alveolar crest, the bilateral alveolar crests corresponding to molars, and the bilateral buccal shelves...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853506/-measurements-of-mechanical-properties-and-morphology-of-root-canal-in-maxillary-primary-anterior-teeth
#15
Hu Jia, Liu He, Cai Qing, Deng Xuliang
Objective This study aimed to measure the taper and diameter of root canal, as well as the elastic modulus and hardness in the root dentin of maxillary primary anterior teeth. Methods Patients under general anesthesia who needed root canal therapy in the maxillary primary anterior teeth were selected. Silicone impression material was used to take impressions. The impressions were scanned, and the taper and diameter of root canal were measured. Maxillary primary anterior teeth were collected in vitro. The elastic modulus and hardness of root dentin was tested...
August 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852710/vapour-deposited-cesium-lead-iodide-perovskites-microsecond-charge-carrier-lifetimes-and-enhanced-photovoltaic-performance
#16
Eline M Hutter, Rebecca J Sutton, Sanjana Chandrashekar, Mojtaba Abdi-Jalebi, Samuel D Stranks, Henry J Snaith, Tom J Savenije
Metal halide perovskites such as methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) are highly promising materials for photovoltaics. However, the relationship between the organic nature of the cation and the optoelectronic quality remains debated. In this work, we investigate the optoelectronic properties of fully inorganic vapour-deposited and spin-coated black-phase CsPbI3 thin films. Using the time-resolved microwave conductivity technique, we measure charge carrier mobilities up to 25 cm(2)/(V s) and impressively long charge carrier lifetimes exceeding 10 μs for vapour-deposited CsPbI3, while the carrier lifetime reaches less than 0...
August 11, 2017: ACS Energy Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851941/an-informatics-guided-classification-of-miscible-and-immiscible-binary-alloy-systems
#17
R F Zhang, X F Kong, H T Wang, S H Zhang, D Legut, S H Sheng, S Srinivasan, K Rajan, T C Germann
The classification of miscible and immiscible systems of binary alloys plays a critical role in the design of multicomponent alloys. By mining data from hundreds of experimental phase diagrams, and thousands of thermodynamic data sets from experiments and high-throughput first-principles (HTFP) calculations, we have obtained a comprehensive classification of alloying behavior for 813 binary alloy systems consisting of transition and lanthanide metals. Among several physics-based descriptors, the slightly modified Pettifor chemical scale provides a unique two-dimensional map that divides the miscible and immiscible systems into distinctly clustered regions...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840719/iso-oriented-nati2-po4-3-mesocrystals-as-anode-material-for-high-energy-and-long-durability-sodium-ion-capacitor
#18
Tongye Wei, Gongzheng Yang, Chengxin Wang
Sodium-ion capacitors (SIC) combine the merits of both high-energy batteries and high-power electrochemical capacitors as well as the low cost and high safety. However, they are also known to suffer from the severe deficiency of suitable electrode materials with high initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE) and kinetic balance between both electrodes. Herein, we report a facile solvothermal synthesis of NaTi2(PO4)3 nanocages constructed by iso-oriented tiny nanocrystals with a mesoporous architecture. It is notable that the NaTi2(PO4)3 mesocrystals exhibit a large ICE of 94%, outstanding rate capability (98 mA h g(-1) at 10 C), and long cycling life (over 77% capacity retention after 10 000 cycles) in half cells, all of which are in favor to be utilized into a full cell...
September 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834239/mesoporous-nis2-nanospheres-anode-with-pseudocapacitance-for-high-rate-and-long-life-sodium-ion-battery
#19
Ruimin Sun, Sijie Liu, Qiulong Wei, Jinzhi Sheng, Shaohua Zhu, Qinyou An, Liqiang Mai
It is of great importance to exploit electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) with low cost, long life, and high-rate capability. However, achieving quick charge and high power density is still a major challenge for most SIBs electrodes because of the sluggish sodiation kinetics. Herein, uniform and mesoporous NiS2 nanospheres are synthesized via a facile one-step polyvinylpyrrolidone assisted method. By controlling the voltage window, the mesoporous NiS2 nanospheres present excellent electrochemical performance in SIBs...
August 21, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833740/valuing-metal-organic-frameworks-for-postcombustion-carbon-capture-a-benchmark-study-for-evaluating-physical-adsorbents
#20
Karim Adil, Prashant M Bhatt, Youssef Belmabkhout, Sk Md Towsif Abtab, Hao Jiang, Ayalew H Assen, Arijit Mallick, Amandine Cadiau, Jamal Aqil, Mohamed Eddaoudi
The development of practical solutions for the energy-efficient capture of carbon dioxide is of prime importance and continues to attract intensive research interest. Conceivably, the implementation of adsorption-based processes using different cycling modes, e.g., pressure-swing adsorption or temperature-swing adsorption, offers great prospects to address this challenge. Practically, the successful deployment of practical adsorption-based technologies depends on the development of made-to-order adsorbents expressing mutually two compulsory requisites: i) high selectivity/affinity for CO2 and ii) excellent chemical stability in the presence of impurities...
August 22, 2017: Advanced Materials
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