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hospital transfusion committee

Mark H Yazer, Miguel Lozano, Mark Fung, Jose Kutner, Michael F Murphy, Torunn Oveland Apelseth, Ryszard Pogłód, Kathleen Selleng, Alan Tinmouth, Silvano Wendel, Vered Yahalom
BACKGROUND: Hospital transfusion committees (HTCs) can oversee all aspects of transfusion practice at a hospital. This survey sought to identify which quality variables were being reported at HTCs around the world. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A working party composed of members of the Biomedical Excellence for Safer Transfusion (BEST) collaborative developed a survey of quality variables that could be potentially presented at HTC meetings. The survey was electronically sent to all BEST members who were encouraged to complete it if they were active on an HTC and to send it to other colleagues with similar experience...
May 2017: Transfusion
Babita Raghuwanshi, N K Pehlajani, Mithilesh K Sinha, Swagata Tripathy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Excessive requests for cross matching blood which is more than the blood required for transfusion are usually based on worst case assumptions leading to overestimation of blood usage. We investigated the blood ordering pattern and transfusion practices so as to incorporate a blood ordering schedule for streamlining the use of blood in various hospital departments. METHODS: The study was conducted over a period of 19 months in a 350 bedded tertiary teaching hospital...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Jiaxin Li, Jiwei Huang, Hong Wu, Yong Zeng
RATIONALE: With the development of laparoscopic technique, the total laparoscopic living donor right hemihepatectomy (LLDRH) procurement surgery has been successfully performed in many liver transplant centers all over the world, and the number of cases is continuing to increase. We report our case of laparoscopic right graft resection with venous outflow reconstruction using cadaveric common iliac artery allograft in our center and review literatures about total LLDRH surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: A 40-year-old male living donor for right hepatectomy was selected after pretransplant evaluation including laboratory tests, liver volume, anatomy of hepatic vein, artery, portal vein, and bile duct...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bennett W Calder, Joseph V Sakran, Christian J Streck, Robert A Cina
OBJECTIVE: Morbidity and Mortality (M&M) conference is considered the golden hour of surgical education. Most training programs lack standardized methods to evaluate self-reported outcomes and contributions to resident education. The purpose of this study was to determine whether residents underreport pediatric postoperative complications thereby limiting a comprehensive educational opportunity and the ability to adequately perform quality improvement during M&M conference. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of resident reports submitted to the M&M committee at an academic medical center was conducted over 1 year...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
Graham C Wong, Sean van Diepen, Craig Ainsworth, Rakesh C Arora, Jean G Diodati, Mark Liszkowski, Michael Love, Chris Overgaard, Greg Schnell, Jean-Francois Tanguay, George Wells, Michel Le May
Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with a low rate of survival to hospital discharge and high rates of neurological morbidity among survivors. Programmatic efforts to institute and integrate OHCA best care practices from the bystander response through to the in-hospital phase have been associated with improved patient outcomes. This Canadian Cardiovascular Society position statement was developed to provide comprehensive yet practical recommendations to guide the in-hospital care of OHCA patients...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
N Kiefer, S F Suter, C Berg, U Gembruch, S U Weber
BACKGROUND: The introduction of routine prenatal screening using ultrasound has led to a substantial increase in diagnoses of fetal disorders that are amenable to intrauterine treatment. While an ultrasound guided insertion of small bore cannulas can be performed under local anesthesia, insertion of a fetoscope usually requires anesthetic management for the mother and the fetus. Additionally, the fetus' intrauterine position may have to be manipulated in order to enable access. Such manoeuvres depend on relaxation of the mother's abdominal wall...
January 2017: Der Anaesthesist
Z K McQuilten, A J Zatta, N Andrianopoulos, N Aoki, L Stevenson, K G Badami, R Bird, M F Cole-Sinclair, C Hurn, P A Cameron, J P Isbister, L E Phillips, E M Wood
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of routinely collected data to determine the cause(s) of critical bleeding in patients who receive massive transfusion (MT). BACKGROUND: Routinely collected data are increasingly being used to describe and evaluate transfusion practice. MATERIALS/METHODS: Chart reviews were undertaken on 10 randomly selected MT patients at 48 hospitals across Australia and New Zealand to determine the cause(s) of critical bleeding...
December 13, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
Alberto Fica, Marcela Potin, Gabriela Moreno, Liliana Véliz, Jaime Cerda, Carola Escobar, Jan Wilhelm
Dengue was first diagnosed on Easter Island on year 2002 and thereafter recurrent outbreaks have occurred involving different serotypes of dengue virus. Its vector, Aedes aegypti has not been eliminated despite the small size of the island. Conditions at the local hospital preclude adequate management of severe and hemorrhagic cases due to the absence of a Critical Care Unit as well as no availability of platelets, or plasma units for transfusion. Besides, transfer, of severely affected patients to continental Chile is cumbersome, slow and expensive...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Lin Chen, Hong Jiang, Wei Gao, Ye Tu, Ying Zhou, Xi Li, Zhe Zhu, Qixin Jiang, Haifeng Zhan, Jiangming Yu, Chuangang Fu, Yong Gao
INTRODUCTION: Erythropoietin (EPO) is a commonly used option in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anaemia (CIA). However, ∼30-50% of patients fail to achieve an adequate response after initial treatment. Prior studies have demonstrated that intravenous iron might synergistically improve therapeutic response to EPO treatment in this patient population. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will perform this multicentre, randomised, open-label, parallel-group, active controlled non-inferiority study to compare the two combination therapies of EPO plus intravenous iron regimen versus doubling the dose of EPO in patients with CIA who have an inadequate response to initial EPO treatment at a routine dose...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
Małgorzata Rajtar
Resulting from health care reform in Germany that was implemented in 2003-2004, a new medical classification system called the "Diagnosis Related Groups" (DRGs) was introduced in hospitals. According to the media, social scientists, and a few physicians interviewed in this study the policy negatively transformed the German health care system by allowing the privatization of the hospital sector consistent with the neoliberal health care model. Allegedly, this privileged economic values over the quality of health care and introduced competition between hospitals...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
M Sekhar, S Clark, R Atugonza, A Li, Z Chaudhry
OBJECTIVES: To implement a patient blood management (PBM) programme in platelet transfusion. AIMS: To improve the appropriate use of blood components, reduce wastage and generate savings. BACKGROUND: PBM is a multidisciplinary, evidence-based approach to optimising the care of patients who need blood transfusion and to use blood products appropriately. Strategies for PBM ensure that patients receive the best possible treatment with the transfusion of components when indicated, at the same time avoiding or reducing unnecessary transfusions...
December 2016: Transfusion Medicine
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
John A Ozimek, Rhonda M Eddins, Naomi Greene, Daniela Karagyozyan, Sujane Pak, Melissa Wong, Mark Zakowski, Sarah J Kilpatrick
BACKGROUND: Severe maternal morbidity is increasing in the United States and has been estimated to occur in up to 1.3% of all deliveries. A standardized, multidisciplinary approach has been recommended to identify and review cases of severe maternal morbidity to identify opportunities for improvement in maternal care. OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study were to apply newly described gold standard guidelines to identify true severe maternal morbidity and to utilize a recently recommended multidisciplinary approach to determine the incidence of and characterize opportunities for improvement in care...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kathryn De La Rosa, Jill Mhyre, Frank W Anderson
INTRODUCTION: Obstetric hemorrhage contributes significantly to the burden of maternal mortality. The objective of this study is to examine obstetric hemorrhage deaths in Michigan from 1998-2011 to determine etiology, preventability and modifiable/actionable factors that can be addressed to reduce hemorrhage mortality. METHODS: The records from all pregnancy-associated deaths from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2011 were examined for the presence of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, exsanguination, or hemorrhage...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Salwa I Hindawi, Maha A Badawi, Edwin T Raj, Kholoud A Gholam, Seraj O Al-Weail, Fatima Azher
OBJECTIVES: To report 2-years experience of using transfusion-related quality indicators as a tool in hemovigilance system implementation.  METHODS: The study was carried out between 2012 and 2013. Blood transfusion service data were prospectively collected at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Donor reactions, transfusion reactions, fresh frozen plasma (FFP) in-date wastage, incidents, and errors pertaining to orders, or requests were collected quarterly and prospectively and forwarded to the Hospital Transfusion Committee (HTC) for review...
May 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Rainer Moog
BACKGROUND: In times of patient blood management, studies focus on appropriate transfusion strategies to improve patient's outcome. Little is known about the quality assurance in preparation of blood transfusion and thereafter. In the present study, the indication, informed consent, mandatory immunohematology tests and documentation of blood transfusions were evaluated using assessed self-inspection forms approved by the hospital transfusion committee. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 47 medical records of transfused patients were retrospectively reviewed by a clinical transfusion audit team in six hospital facilities from 2012 to 2015...
June 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Z Mayaki, R Kabo, M Moutschen, A Albert, N Dardenne, D Sondag, C Gérard
AIM OF THE STUDY: The lack of traceability and monitoring of blood donors and transfused patients constitute a barrier to the most basic rules of haemovigilance and overall good transfusion practices. This study draws up an inventory of knowledge, attitudes and clinical practice of blood prescribers in Niamey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 180 prescribers of blood products in Niamey in 2011. Questions were related to basic informations on blood transfusion and clinical use of blood...
May 2016: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
Hideki Miyao
PURPOSE: Third-generation hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 has a larger dose limitation (up to 50 mL/kg/day) than HES 70/0.5 (up to 1000 mL/day) which has been used in Japan for 40 years. The aim of this study was to survey the current intraoperative blood transfusion and volume therapy and to predict the possible reduction of intraoperative albumin consumption assuming further replacement by HES 130/0.4 using data obtained from a survey by the Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists (JSA), although HES130/0...
2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Abel N Makubi, Collins Meda, Alex Magesa, Peter Minja, Juliana Mlalasi, Zubeda Salum, Rumisha E Kweka, James Rwehabura, Amrana Quaresh, Pius M Magesa, David Robert, Julie Makani, Ephata Kaaya
In Tanzania, there is paucity of data for monitoring laboratory medicine including haematology. This therefore calls for audits of practices in haematology and blood transfusion in order to provide appraise practice and devise strategies that would result in improved quality of health care services. This descriptive cross-sectional study which audited laboratory practice in haematology and blood transfusion at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) aimed at assessing the pre-analytical stage of laboratory investigations including laboratory request forms and handling specimen processing in the haematology laboratory and assessing the chain from donor selection, blood component processing to administration of blood during transfusion...
October 2012: Tanzania Journal of Health Research
Arianeb Mehrabi, Mohammad Golriz, Julia Maier, Hamidreza Fonouni, Camelia Garoussi, Mohammadreza Hafezi, Nassim Fard, Alireza Faridar, Nahid Rezaei, Manfred Wiesel, Markus Mieth, Christian Morath, Markus W Büchler, Burkhard Tönshoff, Martin Zeier, Jan Schmidt, Peter Schemmer
OBJECTIVES: Patients with polycystic kidney disease are candidates for kidney transplant. We report the results of our single center study of 250 first transplant recipients with polycystic kidney disease (autosomal dominant [64%], medullary cystic [16%], autosomal recessive [6%], and nonspecified [14%]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient groups were divided and analyzed according to the origin of the graft (deceased donor or living donor). We also analyzed demographic data of donors and recipients, waiting time, duration of dialysis, transfusion, nephrectomy, hospitalization, morbidities, and graft and patient survival...
October 2015: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
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