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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905629/-reasons-to-recommend-vaccination-against-dengue-in-easter-island-immunization-advisory-committee-of-sociedad-chilena-de-infectolog%C3%A3-a
#1
Alberto Fica, Marcela Potin, Gabriela Moreno, Liliana Véliz, Jaime Cerda, Carola Escobar, Jan Wilhelm
Dengue was first diagnosed on Easter Island on year 2002 and thereafter recurrent outbreaks have occurred involving different serotypes of dengue virus. Its vector, Aedes aegypti has not been eliminated despite the small size of the island. Conditions at the local hospital preclude adequate management of severe and hemorrhagic cases due to the absence of a Critical Care Unit as well as no availability of platelets, or plasma units for transfusion. Besides, transfer, of severely affected patients to continental Chile is cumbersome, slow and expensive...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855097/combination-with-intravenous-iron-supplementation-or-doubling-erythropoietin-dose-for-patients-with-chemotherapy-induced-anaemia-inadequately-responsive-to-initial-erythropoietin-treatment-alone-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Lin Chen, Hong Jiang, Wei Gao, Ye Tu, Ying Zhou, Xi Li, Zhe Zhu, Qixin Jiang, Haifeng Zhan, Jiangming Yu, Chuangang Fu, Yong Gao
INTRODUCTION: Erythropoietin (EPO) is a commonly used option in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anaemia (CIA). However, ∼30-50% of patients fail to achieve an adequate response after initial treatment. Prior studies have demonstrated that intravenous iron might synergistically improve therapeutic response to EPO treatment in this patient population. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will perform this multicentre, randomised, open-label, parallel-group, active controlled non-inferiority study to compare the two combination therapies of EPO plus intravenous iron regimen versus doubling the dose of EPO in patients with CIA who have an inadequate response to initial EPO treatment at a routine dose...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542103/health-care-reform-and-diagnosis-related-groups-in-germany-the-mediating-role-of-hospital-liaison-committees-for-jehovah-s-witnesses
#3
Małgorzata Rajtar
Resulting from health care reform in Germany that was implemented in 2003-2004, a new medical classification system called the "Diagnosis Related Groups" (DRGs) was introduced in hospitals. According to the media, social scientists, and a few physicians interviewed in this study the policy negatively transformed the German health care system by allowing the privatization of the hospital sector consistent with the neoliberal health care model. Allegedly, this privileged economic values over the quality of health care and introduced competition between hospitals...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511318/effective-implementation-of-a-patient-blood-management-programme-for-platelets
#4
M Sekhar, S Clark, R Atugonza, A Li, Z Chaudhry
OBJECTIVES: To implement a patient blood management (PBM) programme in platelet transfusion. AIMS: To improve the appropriate use of blood components, reduce wastage and generate savings. BACKGROUND: PBM is a multidisciplinary, evidence-based approach to optimising the care of patients who need blood transfusion and to use blood products appropriately. Strategies for PBM ensure that patients receive the best possible treatment with the transfusion of components when indicated, at the same time avoiding or reducing unnecessary transfusions...
August 10, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210068/opportunities-for-improvement-in-care-among-women%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-severe-maternal-morbidity
#6
John A Ozimek, Rhonda M Eddins, Naomi Greene, Daniela Karagyozyan, Sujane Pak, Melissa Wong, Mark Zakowski, Sarah J Kilpatrick
BACKGROUND: Severe maternal morbidity is increasing in the United States and has been estimated to occur in up to 1.3% of all deliveries. A standardized, multidisciplinary approach has been recommended to identify and review cases of severe maternal morbidity to identify opportunities for improvement in maternal care. OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study were to apply newly described gold standard guidelines to identify true severe maternal morbidity and to utilize a recently recommended multidisciplinary approach to determine the incidence of and characterize opportunities for improvement in care...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176161/maternal-mortality-from-hemorrhage-in-michigan-1998-2011-8
#7
Kathryn De La Rosa, Jill Mhyre, Frank W Anderson
INTRODUCTION: Obstetric hemorrhage contributes significantly to the burden of maternal mortality. The objective of this study is to examine obstetric hemorrhage deaths in Michigan from 1998-2011 to determine etiology, preventability and modifiable/actionable factors that can be addressed to reduce hemorrhage mortality. METHODS: The records from all pregnancy-associated deaths from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2011 were examined for the presence of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, exsanguination, or hemorrhage...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146617/the-use-of-transfusion-quality-indicators-as-a-tool-for-hemovigilance-system-implementation-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Salwa I Hindawi, Maha A Badawi, Edwin T Raj, Kholoud A Gholam, Seraj O Al-Weail, Fatima Azher
OBJECTIVES: To report 2-years experience of using transfusion-related quality indicators as a tool in hemovigilance system implementation.  METHODS: The study was carried out between 2012 and 2013. Blood transfusion service data were prospectively collected at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Donor reactions, transfusion reactions, fresh frozen plasma (FFP) in-date wastage, incidents, and errors pertaining to orders, or requests were collected quarterly and prospectively and forwarded to the Hospital Transfusion Committee (HTC) for review...
May 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928918/lessons-learned-from-transfusion-audits
#9
Rainer Moog
BACKGROUND: In times of patient blood management, studies focus on appropriate transfusion strategies to improve patient's outcome. Little is known about the quality assurance in preparation of blood transfusion and thereafter. In the present study, the indication, informed consent, mandatory immunohematology tests and documentation of blood transfusions were evaluated using assessed self-inspection forms approved by the hospital transfusion committee. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 47 medical records of transfused patients were retrospectively reviewed by a clinical transfusion audit team in six hospital facilities from 2012 to 2015...
June 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26778838/knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-practice-of-blood-products-prescribers-in-niamey
#10
Z Mayaki, R Kabo, M Moutschen, A Albert, N Dardenne, D Sondag, C Gérard
AIM OF THE STUDY: The lack of traceability and monitoring of blood donors and transfused patients constitute a barrier to the most basic rules of haemovigilance and overall good transfusion practices. This study draws up an inventory of knowledge, attitudes and clinical practice of blood prescribers in Niamey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 180 prescribers of blood products in Niamey in 2011. Questions were related to basic informations on blood transfusion and clinical use of blood...
May 2016: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26768898/blood-transfusion-colloid-therapy-and-the-possible-saving-of-albumin-volumes-during-surgery-data-analysis-of-the-survey-for-certified-hospitals-of-the-japanese-society-of-anesthesiologists
#11
Hideki Miyao
PURPOSE: Third-generation hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 has a larger dose limitation (up to 50 mL/kg/day) than HES 70/0.5 (up to 1000 mL/day) which has been used in Japan for 40 years. The aim of this study was to survey the current intraoperative blood transfusion and volume therapy and to predict the possible reduction of intraoperative albumin consumption assuming further replacement by HES 130/0.4 using data obtained from a survey by the Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists (JSA), although HES130/0...
June 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26591723/audit-of-clinical-laboratory-practices-in-haematology-and-blood-transfusion-at-muhimbili-national-hospital-in-tanzania
#12
Abel N Makubi, Collins Meda, Alex Magesa, Peter Minja, Juliana Mlalasi, Zubeda Salum, Rumisha E Kweka, James Rwehabura, Amrana Quaresh, Pius M Magesa, David Robert, Julie Makani, Ephata Kaaya
In Tanzania, there is paucity of data for monitoring laboratory medicine including haematology. This therefore calls for audits of practices in haematology and blood transfusion in order to provide appraise practice and devise strategies that would result in improved quality of health care services. This descriptive cross-sectional study which audited laboratory practice in haematology and blood transfusion at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) aimed at assessing the pre-analytical stage of laboratory investigations including laboratory request forms and handling specimen processing in the haematology laboratory and assessing the chain from donor selection, blood component processing to administration of blood during transfusion...
October 2012: Tanzania Journal of Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26450465/long-term-follow-up-of-kidney-transplant-recipients-with-polycystic-kidney-disease
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Arianeb Mehrabi, Mohammad Golriz, Julia Maier, Hamidreza Fonouni, Camelia Garoussi, Mohammadreza Hafezi, Nassim Fard, Alireza Faridar, Nahid Rezaei, Manfred Wiesel, Markus Mieth, Christian Morath, Markus W Büchler, Burkhard Tönshoff, Martin Zeier, Jan Schmidt, Peter Schemmer
OBJECTIVES: Patients with polycystic kidney disease are candidates for kidney transplant. We report the results of our single center study of 250 first transplant recipients with polycystic kidney disease (autosomal dominant [64%], medullary cystic [16%], autosomal recessive [6%], and nonspecified [14%]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient groups were divided and analyzed according to the origin of the graft (deceased donor or living donor). We also analyzed demographic data of donors and recipients, waiting time, duration of dialysis, transfusion, nephrectomy, hospitalization, morbidities, and graft and patient survival...
October 2015: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26426632/perioperative-allogenenic-blood-transfusion-is-associated-with-worse-clinical-outcome-for-patients-undergoing-gastric-carcinoma-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#14
Lihong Li, Dajian Zhu, Xiaowu Chen, Yanfeng Huang, Manzhao Ouyang, Weijie Zhang
Whether perioperative allogenic blood transfusion (ABT) has adverse effect on patients with gastric carcinoma (GC) surgery or not, that is controversial. Our study evaluated the association between ABT and some clinical outcomes of GC surgery patients. Data of relevant studies were based on PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library search. The relative risk (RR) of 5-year survival rates, tumor recurrence, and postoperative complications were performed; subgroup analyses included district, transfusion rates, age, participants, sex, and tumor stage...
September 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26408893/hijama-improves-overall-quality-of-life-in-chronic-renal-failure-patients-a-pilot-study
#15
Muhammad Bilal, Rafeeq Alam Khan, Khurram Danial
Present study assesses the therapeutic effectiveness of Hijama (blood letting) inpatients of chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis for past several years with almost no urinary output.24 patients from Sindh Government Qatar Hospital Karachi were selected randomly under going dialysis 2-3 times/week for an average of 3 years under supervision of Dr. Khurram Danial, in-charge nephrologist at dialysis Centre Sindh Government Qatar Hospital Karachi after the written consent from patients. Each patient was subjected to Hijama session once a week after dialysis for a period of one year in a nearby hospital Aligarh Shifa with the consent of the ethical committee of the hospital...
September 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26334853/comparative-effects-of-hemodilutional-anemia-and-transfusion-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-on-acute-kidney-injury-a-prospective-randomized-study
#16
Cem Arıtürk, Zehra Serpil Ozgen, Meltem Kilercik, Halim Ulugöl, Eyup Murat Ökten, Uğur Aksu, Hasan Karabulut, Fevzi Toraman
AIM: Acute kidney injury after cardiopulmonary bypass has been associated with dilutional anemia during surgery. We aimed both to explore if this relation is modulated by blood transfusion and to understand the postoperative contribution of protein oxidation. METHODS: In this randomized prospective study, after ethics committee approval and informed consent, 30 patients undergoing first-time elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with hematocrit between 21% and 25% at any time during extracorporeal circulation (ECC) were randomly and equally allocated into two groups...
2015: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26334607/guidelines-for-the-management-of-a-pregnant-trauma-patient
#17
Venu Jain, Radha Chari, Sharon Maslovitz, Dan Farine, Emmanuel Bujold, Robert Gagnon, Melanie Basso, Hayley Bos, Richard Brown, Stephanie Cooper, Katy Gouin, N Lynne McLeod, Savas Menticoglou, William Mundle, Christy Pylypjuk, Anne Roggensack, Frank Sanderson
OBJECTIVE: Physical trauma affects 1 in 12 pregnant women and has a major impact on maternal mortality and morbidity and on pregnancy outcome. A multidisciplinary approach is warranted to optimize outcome for both the mother and her fetus. The aim of this document is to provide the obstetric care provider with an evidence-based systematic approach to the pregnant trauma patient. OUTCOMES: Significant health and economic outcomes considered in comparing alternative practices...
June 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26320339/-implementation-of-blood-sparing-programs-in-spain-results-of-a-survey-of-departments-of-anesthesiology-and-resuscitation
#18
M J Colomina, M Basora Macaya, E Bisbe Vives
The objective of this article is to determine the availability of a perioperative transfusion management program (Patient Blood Management [PBM]) in various hospitals through a survey that included a description of the preanesthesia visit, the availability and use of the various blood-sparing techniques and the factors limiting their implementation in elective surgery. The survey included 42 questions, directed at the representative departments of anesthesiology of hospitals in Spain (n=91). The survey was conducted from September to November 2012...
June 2015: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26245180/a-comprehensive-protocol-to-evaluate-the-use-of-blood-and-its-components-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#19
Ana E del Pozo, Maria D Pérez-Rosales, Cesar de Almeida-Neto, Mirta C Remesar, Armando D Cortes, Raquel Baumgratz Delgado, Alfredo Mendrone, Ester Sabino
Blood transfusion safety is a critical part of appropriate health care. Considering the limited information available on the use of blood and its components in Latin America and the Caribbean, the Grupo Cooperativo iberoamericano de Medicina Transfusional (Ibero-American Cooperative Group for Transfusion Medicine; GCIAMT), through its Research and International Affairs committees, carried out a project to develop a protocol that would facilitate the evaluation of blood usage at the country, jurisdiction, and institutional levels in varied country contexts...
June 2015: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26195933/advanced-therapy-medicinal-products-how-to-bring-cell-based-medicinal-products-successfully-to-the-market-report-from-the-cat-dgti-gscn-workshop-at-the-dgti-annual-meeting-2014
#20
Patrick Celis, Nicolas Ferry, Marit Hystad, Martina Schüßler-Lenz, Pieter A Doevendans, Egbert Flory, Claire Beuneu, Ilona Reischl, Paula Salmikangas
On September 11, 2014, a workshop entitled 'Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products: How to Bring Cell-Based Medicinal Product Successfully to the Market' was held at the 47th annual meeting of the German Society for Transfusion Medicine and Immunohematology (DGTI), co-organised by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the DGTI in collaboration with the German Stem Cell Network (GSCN). The workshop brought together over 160 participants from academia, hospitals, small- or medium-sized enterprise developers and regulators...
May 2015: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
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