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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#1
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883220/how-long-does-the-volumizing-effect-of-a-zingiber-officinale-based-lip-plumper-last
#2
Vittorio Mazzarello, Giuliana Solinas, Pasquale Bandiera, Valeria Pomponi, Gabriella Piu, Marco Ferrari, Andrea Montella
The vermilion zone of the lips (also called red lip or zone of Klein) has peculiar characteristics, different from the surrounding skin, which make it one of the most important parts of the lips. It can be considered a tactile organ, with an essential role in the body's anatomy and functions. Together with the lips, the vermilion zone represents one of the typical characteristics of mammals and its evolutionary appearance seems to be linked to the source of nutrition of these animals (especially breastfeeding), to the articulation of sounds, to their facial expression and to their sexual function...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872812/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-the-essential-oils-of-ginger-zingiber-officinale-roscoe-in-experimental-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Janet L Funk, Jennifer B Frye, Janice N Oyarzo, Jianling Chen, Huaping Zhang, Barbara N Timmermann
Ginger and its extracts have been used traditionally as anti-inflammatory remedies, with a particular focus on the medicinal properties of its phenolic secondary metabolites, the gingerols. Consistent with these uses, potent anti-arthritic effects of gingerol-containing extracts were previously demonstrated by our laboratory using an experimental model of rheumatoid arthritis, streptococcal cell wall (SCW)-induced arthritis. In this study, anti-inflammatory effects of ginger's other secondary metabolites, the essential oils (GEO), which contain terpenes with reported phytoestrogenic activity, were assessed in female Lewis rats with SCW-induced arthritis...
July 2016: PharmaNutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857849/in-vitro-effect-of-seven-essential-oils-on-the-reproduction-of-the-cattle-tick-rhipicephalus-microplus
#4
Rafael Pazinato, Andréia Volpato, Matheus D Baldissera, Roberto C V Santos, Dilmar Baretta, Rodrigo A Vaucher, Janice L Giongo, Aline A Boligon, Lenita Moura Stefani, Aleksandro Schafer Da Silva
The acaricidal effect of seven essential oils was examined in vitro against the cattle tick (Rhipicephalus microplus). Engorged female ticks were manually collected in farms of Southern Brazil and placed into petri dishes (n = 10) in order to test the following oils: juniper (Juniperus communis), palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii), cedar (Cedrus atlantica), lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus), ginger (Zingiber officinale), geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) and bergamot (Citrus aurantium var bergamia) at concentrations of 1%, 5%, and 10% each...
November 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817090/optimization-of-physical-conditions-for-the-aqueous-extraction-of-antioxidant-compounds-from-ginger-zingiber-officinale-applying-a-box-behnken-design
#5
Juan Ramírez-Godínez, Judith Jaimez-Ordaz, Araceli Castañeda-Ovando, Javier Añorve-Morga, Verónica Salazar-Pereda, Luis Guillermo González-Olivares, Elizabeth Contreras-López
Since ancient times, ginger (Zingiber officinale) has been widely used for culinary and medicinal purposes. This rhizome possesses several chemical constituents; most of them present antioxidant capacity due mainly to the presence of phenolic compounds. Thus, the physical conditions for the optimal extraction of antioxidant components of ginger were investigated by applying a Box-Behnken experimental design. Extracts of ginger were prepared using water as solvent in a conventional solid-liquid extraction. The analyzed variables were time (5, 15 and 25 min), temperature (20, 55 and 90 °C) and sample concentration (2, 6 and 10 %)...
November 5, 2016: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816008/in-silico-investigation-into-the-interactions-between-murine-5-ht3-receptor-and-the-principle-active-compounds-of-ginger-zingiber-officinale
#6
Anna E Lohning, Wolfgang Marx, Liz Isenring
Gingerols and shogaols are the primary non-volatile actives within ginger (Zingiber officinale). These compounds have demonstrated in vitro to exert 5-HT3 receptor antagonism which could benefit chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). The site and mechanism of action by which these compounds interact with the 5-HT3 receptor is not fully understood although research indicates they may bind to a currently unidentified allosteric binding site. Using in silico techniques, such as molecular docking and GRID analysis, we have characterized the recently available murine 5-HT3 receptor by identifying sites of strong interaction with particular functional groups at both the orthogonal (serotonin) site and a proposed allosteric binding site situated at the interface between the transmembrane region and the extracellular domain...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782086/laurus-nobilis-zingiber-officinale-and-anethum-graveolens-essential-oils-composition-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-activities-against-bacteria-isolated-from-fish-and-shellfish
#7
Mejdi Snuossi, Najla Trabelsi, Sabrine Ben Taleb, Ameni Dehmeni, Guido Flamini, Vincenzo De Feo
Several bacterial strains were isolated from wild and reared fish and shellfish. The identification of these strains showed the dominance of the Aeromonas hydrophila species in all seafood samples, followed by Staphylococcus spp., Vibrio alginolyticus, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella ornithinolytica, Klebsiella oxytoca and Serratia odorifera. The isolates were studied for their ability to produce exoenzymes and biofilms. The chemical composition of the essential oils from Laurus nobilis leaves, Zingiber officinale rhizomes and Anethum graveolens aerial parts was studied by GC and GC/MS...
October 22, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774899/spices-therapeutic-potential-in-cardiovascular-health
#8
Subha Rastogi, Madan Mohan Pandey, Aks Rawat
BACKGROUND: Dietary factors play a key role in the development as well as prevention of certain human diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. Currently there has been an increase in global interest to identify medicinal plants that are pharmacologically effective and have low or no side effects for use in preventive medicine. Culinary herbs and spices are an important part of human nutrition in all the cultures of the world. There is a growing amount of literature concerning the potential benefits of these herbs and spices from a health perspective especially in conferring protection against cardiovascular diseases...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774555/electrochemical-detection-and-quantification-of-gingerol-species-in-ginger-zingiber-officinale-using-multiwalled-carbon-nanotube-modified-electrodes
#9
Korbua Chaisiwamongkhol, Kamonwad Ngamchuea, Christopher Batchelor-McAuley, Richard G Compton
We demonstrate the potential of electrochemical detection for the analysis of the 'strength' of ginger in ginger sample. This facile and fast detection method is aimed at the quality control in food industry. Specifically, we report adsorptive stripping voltammetry (AdsSV) as a technique for detection of gingerol compounds, the pungent components of ginger rhizome. Among the gingerols, 6-gingerol is the most abundant and is chosen as a model to characterise the behaviour of a wider range of related compounds...
October 24, 2016: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771925/gingerol-and-its-role-in-chronic-diseases
#10
Yasmin Anum Mohd Yusof
Since antiquity, ginger or Zingiber officinale, has been used by humans for medicinal purposes and as spice condiments to enhance flavor in cooking. Ginger contains many phenolic compounds such as gingerol, shogaol and paradol that exhibit antioxidant, anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory properties. The role of ginger and its constituents in ameliorating diseases has been the focus of study in the past two decades by many researchers who provide strong scientific evidence of its health benefit. This review discusses research findings and works devoted to gingerols, the major pungent constituent of ginger, in modulating and targeting signaling pathways with subsequent changes that ameliorate, reverse or prevent chronic diseases in human studies and animal models...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765607/gastroprotective-activity-of-the-rhizome-ethanol-extract-of-zingiber-simaoense-y-y-qian-in-rats
#11
Pareeya Baiubon, Puongtip Kunanusorn, Parirat Khonsung, Natthakarn Chiranthanut, Ampai Panthong, Chaiyong Rujjanawate
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zingiber simaoense Y. Y. Qian belongs to the Zingiberaceae family. Its rhizome has been used in Thai folk medicine to relieve gastric disorders; however, scientific evidence of its pharmacological activities has not yet been revealed. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was designed to validate the gastroprotective activity and to identify possible mechanisms of gastroprotection of Z. simaoense rhizome ethanol extract (ZSE) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The gastroprotective effect of ZSE was tested using models of gastric ulcers induced by acidified ethanol, indomethacin, and restraint water immersion stress...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757260/medicinal-plants-used-by-traditional-healers-from-south-west-algeria-an-ethnobotanical-study
#12
Bachir Benarba
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to document and analyzes the local knowledge of medicinal plants' use by traditional healers in South-west Algeria. METHODS: The ethnobotanical survey was conducted in two Saharian regions of South-west of Algeria: Adrar and Bechar. In total, 22 local traditional healers were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaire and open questions. Use value (UV), fidelity level (FL), and informant consensus factor (FIC) were used to analyze the obtained data...
September 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737573/the-effect-and-safety-of-highly-standardized-ginger-zingiber-officinale-and-echinacea-echinacea-angustifolia-extract-supplementation-on-inflammation-and-chronic-pain-in-nsaids-poor-responders-a-pilot-study-in-subjects-with-knee-arthrosis
#13
Mariangela Rondanelli, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Pietro Allegrini, Milena Anna Faliva, Maurizio Naso, Alessandra Miccono, Gabriella Peroni, Irene Degli Agosti, Simone Perna
The study aimed to evaluate the effect of Zingiber officinale and Echinacea angustifolia extract supplementation (25 mg of ginger and 5 mg of Echinacea) for 30 days on inflammation and chronic pain in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Consecutive nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory-drugs (NSAIDs) poor responders with chronic inflammation and pain due to knee arthrosis were assessed (15 subjects, age: 67.2 ± 7.9, body mass index: 30.6 ± 7.1, men/women:2/13). The primary endpoint was to determine pain improvement from baseline to Day 30 by Tegner Lysholm Knee Scoring...
October 13, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722803/genetic-diversity-and-structure-of-brazilian-ginger-germplasm-zingiber-officinale-revealed-by-aflp-markers
#14
Eleonora Zambrano Blanco, Miklos Maximiliano Bajay, Marcos Vinícius Bohrer Monteiro Siqueira, Maria Imaculada Zucchi, José Baldin Pinheiro
Ginger is a vegetable with medicinal and culinary properties widely cultivated in the Southern and Southeastern Brazil. The knowledge of ginger species' genetic variability is essential to direct correctly future studies of conservation and genetic improvement, but in Brazil, little is known about this species' genetic variability. In this study, we analyzed the genetic diversity and structure of 55 Brazilian accessions and 6 Colombian accessions of ginger, using AFLP (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism) molecular markers...
December 2016: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700987/a-novel-method-for-the-quantitation-of-gingerol-glucuronides-in-human-plasma-or-urine-based-on-stable-isotope-dilution-assays
#15
Carola Schoenknecht, Gaby Andersen, Peter Schieberle
The bio-active compounds of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), the gingerols, are gaining considerable attention due to their numerous beneficial health effects. In order to elucidate the physiological relevance of the ascribed effects their bioavailability has to be determined taking their metabolization into account. To quantitate in vivo generated [6]-, [8]- and [10]-gingerol glucuronides in human plasma and urine after ginger tea consumption, a simultaneous and direct liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method based on stable isotope dilution assays was established and validated...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679829/the-influence-of-ginger-zingiber-officinale-on-human-sperm-quality-and-dna-fragmentation-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Jalil Hosseini, Azar Mardi Mamaghani, Hani Hosseinifar, Mohammad Ali Sadighi Gilani, Farid Dadkhah, Mahdi Sepidarkish
BACKGROUND: Although the effectiveness of ginger as an antioxidant agent has been exploited, little human research has been conducted on its activity on male reproductive functions. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale) on sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) in infertile men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with a 1:1 allocation was performed on 100 infertility treatment candidates who were admitted to Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, Tehran, Iran...
August 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677719/botanicals-and-their-bioactive-phytochemicals-for-women-s-health
#17
Birgit M Dietz, Atieh Hajirahimkhan, Tareisha L Dunlap, Judy L Bolton
Botanical dietary supplements are increasingly popular for women's health, particularly for older women. The specific botanicals women take vary as a function of age. Younger women will use botanicals for urinary tract infections, especially Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry), where there is evidence for efficacy. Botanical dietary supplements for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are less commonly used, and rigorous clinical trials have not been done. Some examples include Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry), Angelica sinensis (dong quai), Viburnum opulus/prunifolium (cramp bark and black haw), and Zingiber officinale (ginger)...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612434/plant-materials-for-gastrointestinal-diseases-used-in-chawang-district-nakhon-si-thammarat-province-thailand
#18
Oratai Neamsuvan, Thanchanok Phumchareon, Wanisa Bunphan, Wayanan Kaosaeng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Thailand, gastrointestinal diseases have occurred since the past, consequently healers know well how to use herbs for treatment. Currently, some groups of Thai people continue to be interested in treating diseases by herbs. Therefore, the aims of this study were to (1) compile a list of species of medicinal plants and their source, (2) document the diseases treated and their frequency of citation, (3) record the parts used, methods of preparation and route of administration of traditional medicines, and (4) compare the folk knowledge to that in other relevant reports...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605763/ovicidal-effect-of-the-methanolic-extract-of-ginger-zingiber-officinale-on-fasciola-hepatica-eggs-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Mohammad Moazeni, Ali Asghar Khademolhoseini
Fasciolosis is of considerable economic and public health importance worldwide. Little information is available on the ovicidal effects of anthelminthic drugs. The use of ovicidal anthelmintics can be effective in disease control. In this study, the effectiveness of the methanolic extract of ginger (Zingiber officinale) on the eggs of Fasciola hepatica is investigated. Fasciola hepatica eggs were obtained from the gall bladders of naturally infected sheep and kept at 4 °C until use. The eggs were exposed to varying concentrations of ginger extract (1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 mg/mL) for 24, 48 and 72 h...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596388/enhanced-extraction-of-oleoresin-from-ginger-zingiber-officinale-rhizome-powder-using-enzyme-assisted-three-phase-partitioning
#20
Sadineni Varakumar, Kannamangalam Vijayan Umesh, Rekha S Singhal
Ginger (Zingiber officinale R.) is a popular spice used worldwide. The oleoresin consists of gingerols, shogaols and other non-volatiles as chief bioactive constituents. Three phase partitioning (TPP), a bioseparation technique, based on partitioning of polar constituents, proteins, and hydrophobic constituents in three phases comprising of water, ammonium sulphate and t-butanol, was explored for extraction of oleoresin and gingerols from dry powder. Parameters optimized for maximum recovery of gingerols and [6]-shogaol were ammonium sulphate concentration, ratio of t-butanol to slurry, solid loading and pH...
February 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
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