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Kareem A Mosa, Sameh Soliman, Ali El-Keblawy, Muna Abdalla Ali, Hessa Ali Hassan, Aysha Ali Bin Tamim, Moza Mohamed Al-Ali
Commercially available herbal and medicinal plants-based products are susceptible to substitution or contamination with other unlabeled or undesired materials. This will reduce the quality of the product, and may lead to intoxication and allergy. DNA Barcoding is a molecular technology that allows the identification of plant materials at the species level, by sequencing short stretches of standardized gene sequences from nuclear or organelle genome in an easy, rapid, accurate and cost-effective manner. The aim of this research is to apply DNA barcoding to investigate the authenticity of commercially available herbal and medicinal plant-based products within the UAE markets...
April 8, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Iveta Bartoňková, Zdeněk Dvořák
Essential oils (EOs) of culinary herbs and spices are consumed on a daily basis. They are multicomponent mixtures of compounds with already demonstrated biological activities. Taking into account regular dietary intake and the chemical composition of EOs, they may be considered as candidates for endocrine-disrupting entities. Therefore, we examined the effects of 31 EOs of culinary herbs and spices on transcriptional activities of glucocorticoid receptor (GR), androgen receptor (AR) and vitamin D receptor (VDR)...
April 9, 2018: Food & Function
Alireza Bameshki, Mohammad Hasan Namaiee, Ali Jangjoo, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam, Mohammad Hosein Eshaghi Ghalibaf, Atefeh Ghorbanzadeh, Shima Sheybani
Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are among the most frequent complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Recently, some studies have shown ginger, as an herbal medicine, to be effective and safe in PONV prevention; however, there is no evidence of its efficacy in the Iranian population. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oral ginger on PONV prevention after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed on women who were undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Imam Raza Hospital, Mashhad, Iran between April and November, 2016...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
Wolf-Alexander Quitsch, Dane W deQuilettes, Oliver Pfingsten, Alexander Schmitz, Stevan Mihajlo Ognjanovic, Sarthak Jariwala, Susanne Koch, Markus Winterer, David S Ginger, Gerd Bacher
We study the impact of excitation energy on the photostability of methylammonium lead triiodide (CH3 NH3 PbI3 or MAPI) perovskite thin films. Light soaking leads to a transient increase of the photoluminescence efficiency at excitation wavelengths longer than 520 nm while light-induced degradation occurs when exciting the films with wavelengths shorter than 520 nm. X-ray diffraction and extinction measurements reveal the light-induced decomposition of CH3 NH3 PbI3 to lead iodide (PbI2 ) for the high energy excitation regime...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Xingran Kou, Yuqian Ke, Xiaoqi Wang, Md Ramim Tanver Rahman, Yuzhang Xie, Shangwei Chen, Hongxin Wang
Ginger is a commonly used spice around the world. Its bioactive compounds contain hydrophobic gingerols and hydrophilic polysaccharides. Huge physiochemical differences between these compounds and the thermal instability of gingerols impede fast and effective extraction of them using conventional methods. In this research, ionic liquid-based ultrasonic-assisted extraction (ILUAE) was applied to simultaneously extract gingerols and polysaccharides from ginger. Parameters influencing the recovery of gingerols were ionic liquid type, ionic liquid concentration, solid/liquid ratio, ultrasonic power, extraction temperature and extraction time...
August 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Ginger Collins, Julie A Wolter
Purpose: As noted by Powell (2018), speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are an integral part of the overarching curriculum for all students in schools, and this holds true for adolescents who require transition planning. The purpose of this tutorial is to focus on transition planning for secondary school students with a language-based learning disability (LLD) and provide a case illustration for how SLPs may use self-determination strategies to facilitate postsecondary transition while promoting academic success...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
Julien Stanisiere, Pierre-Yves Mousset, Sophie Lafay
Ginger, Zingiber officinale Roscoe, is increasingly consumed as a food or in food supplements. It is also recognized as a popular nonpharmacological treatment for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). However, its consumption is not recommended by all countries for pregnant women. Study results are heterogeneous and conclusions are not persuasive enough to permit heath care professionals to recommend ginger safely. Some drugs are also contraindicated, leaving pregnant women with NVP with few solutions. We conducted a review to assess effectiveness and safety of ginger consumption during early pregnancy...
April 1, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Elena V Feofanova, Bing Yu, Ginger A Metcalf, Xiaoming Liu, Donna Muzny, Jennifer E Below, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Richard A Gibbs, Alanna C Morrison, Eric Boerwinkle
Small molecule lipid-related metabolites are important components of fatty acid and steroid metabolism, two important contributors to human health. This study investigated the extent to which rare and common genetic variants spanning the human genome influence the lipid-related metabolome. Sequence data from 1,552 European-Americans (EA) and 1,872 African-Americans (AA) were analyzed to examine the impact of common and rare variants on the levels of 102 circulating lipid-related metabolites measured by a combination of chromatography and mass spectroscopy...
April 2, 2018: Genetics
Shailima Rampogu, Ayoung Baek, Rajesh Goud Gajula, Amir Zeb, Rohit S Bavi, Raj Kumar, Yongseong Kim, Yong Jung Kwon, Keun Woo Lee
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a defense mechanism, harbored by pathogens to survive under unfavorable conditions. Among several antibiotic resistant microbial consortium, Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most havoc microorganisms. Staphylococcus aureus encodes a unique enzyme 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin pyrophosphokinase (SaHPPK), against which, none of existing antibiotics have been reported. METHODS: Computational approaches have been instrumental in designing and discovering new drugs for several diseases...
April 2, 2018: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Shuai Wang, Miao Tian, Ronglai Yang, Yating Jing, Wei Chen, Jinliang Wang, Xian Zheng, Fengrong Wang
Chronic mild stress (CMS) has been demonstrated to contribute to atherosclerosis. 6-gingerol (6-Gin), a phenolic component of ginger (Zingiber officinale), has been shown to exert numerous pharmacological properties, such as anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective effects. Here we investigated the role of CMS in the development of atherosclerosis in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed ApoE-/- mice and evaluated the potential therapeutic effects of 6-Gin. Mice were exposed to CMS for 20 weeks, at week 5, they were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD), then received 6-Gin (20 mg/kg/day, intragastrically) treatment...
March 31, 2018: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Stephanie M Eick, Emily S Barrett, Thomas J van 't Erve, Ruby H N Nguyen, Nicole R Bush, Ginger Milne, Shanna H Swan, Kelly K Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Prenatal psychological stress during pregnancy has been associated with adverse reproductive outcomes. A growing animal literature supports an association between psychological stress and oxidative stress. We assessed this relationship in pregnant women, hypothesising that psychological stress is associated with higher concentrations of oxidative stress biomarkers during pregnancy. METHODS: Psychosocial status and stressful life events (SLE) were self-reported...
March 30, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Jing Xu, Jin-Chun Qiu, Xing Ji, Hong-Li Guo, Xuan Wang, Bo Zhang, Tengfei Wang, Feng Chen
Herbal products have grown steadily across the globe over the past 10 years and have increasingly been incorporated into western medicine for healthcare aims, thereby causing potential pharmacokinetic herb-drug interactions (HDI) through the inhibition or induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Human carboxylesterases 1 (CES1) and 2 (CES2) are versatile enzymes involvement in the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous compounds including many important therapeutic medications. Moreover, the growing number of CES substrate drugs also underscores the importance of CES1 and CES2...
March 30, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
Chun-Yu Yang, Feng-Qian Guo, Chen Zang, Hui Cao, Bao-Xian Zhang
Ginger juice, a commonly used adjuvant for Chinese materia medica, is applied in processing of multiple Chinese herbal decoction pieces. Because of the raw materials and preparation process of ginger juice, it is difficult to be preserved for a long time, and the dosage of ginger juice in the processing can not be determined base on its content of main compositions. Ginger juice from different sources is hard to achieve consistent effect during the processing of traditional Chinese herbal decoction pieces...
February 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Qin-Hong Liao, Youg Zou, Hong-Lei Li, Yu-Song Jiang
The NAC family is an important transcription factor which regulate plant growth and development, signal transduction, and stress response.In this study, the protein identification, subfamily classification, the determination of physical and chemical properties, protein structure, and expression pattern of NAC family were performed using bioinformatic methods based on the RNA-seq data of ginger. The results showed that a total of 72 NAC transcription factors were identified in 271.1 Mb total nucleotides, and they could be clustered into 13 subfamilies according to the phylogenetic tree...
February 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Rohini Sabu, R Aswani, Priya Prabhakaran, B Krishnakumar, E K Radhakrishnan
Endophytic microorganisms play a significant role in plants response to beneficial organisms and pathogens. In the current study, endophytic microorganisms from Zingiber officinale were screened for in vitro inhibition against Pythium myriotylum. From this, Burkholderia vietnamiensis ZoB74 was selected as an organism with remarkable antifungal effect. Further, the study focussed on analysis of in vivo changes in endophytic bacterial community of Z. officinale in presence of selected organisms and the pathogen P...
March 29, 2018: Current Microbiology
Janna N Schultzhaus, Chloe J Bennett, Hina Iftikhar, Joanne Y Yew, Jason Mallett, Ginger E Carney
Sexual traits convey information about individual quality to potential mates. Environmental and genetic factors affect sexual trait expression and perception via effects on animal condition and health. High fat diet (HFD) is one environmental factor that adversely affects Drosophila melanogaster health, and its effects on animal health are mediated through conserved metabolic signaling pathways. HFD decreases female attractiveness, resulting in reduced male mating behaviors toward HFD females. HFD also affects the ability of males to judge mate attractiveness and likely alters fly condition and sexual traits to impact mating behavior...
March 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tahereh Bahrami, Samira Zarvandi, René De Mot, Harald Gross, Majid Changi-Ashtiani, Tina Shahani, Hassan Rokni-Zadeh
The draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas gingeri LMG 5327 (NCPPB 3146), the causative agent of ginger blotch in Agaricus bisporus , is reported. Together with another mushroom pathogen, Pseudomonas agarici , it belongs to a distinct phylogenomic group.
March 29, 2018: Genome Announcements
E C Amar, M J S Apines-Amar, J P Faisan
Onion Allium cepa and ginger Zingiber officinale have health-promoting properties that qualify them as functional foods. The effect of repeated acute stressors was examined in juvenile Brown-marbled Grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus that were fed four diets supplemented with onion at 1.8%, ginger at 1.8%, vitamin C at 0.86%, and β-glucan at 0.8% of the diet. The non-supplemented diet served as the control. After 12 weeks of feeding, fish were exposed to stressors and were experimentally infected with a fish pathogen, the bacterium Vibrio harveyi JML1...
March 2018: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Erdal Kaygusuzoglu, Cuneyt Caglayan, Fatih Mehmet Kandemir, Serkan Yıldırım, Sefa Kucukler, Mehmet Akif Kılınc, Yavuz Selim Saglam
Cisplatin (CP) is a widely used chemotherapeutic drug, effective against a variety of solid tumours, though its utility is limited due to its multiple organ toxicity. Zingerone (ZO), one of the most important components of dry ginger root, has several pharmacological activities, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. This study aimed to investigate the ameliorative effect of ZO on CP-induced ovarian and uterine toxicity in female rats. The rats were subjected to a prophylactic oral treatment of ZO (25 and 50 mg/kg body weight) for seven days to measure the protective effect against ovarian and uterine toxicity induced by a single (i...
March 24, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Apramita Devi, Jitender Jangir, Anu-Appaiah K A
Chemical fingerprints based on FTIR spectra, phenolics and volatiles were studied for a total of 30 honey types of eight different botanical origin i.e. litchi, neem, ginger, eucalyptus, lemon (unifloral) and Kashmiri white, BR Hills & Pan India honey (Multifloral). Chemometrics based on principal component analysis (PCA) was used as a complementary tool for chemical fingerprint of honey. ATR-FTIR had a good predictive capability to discriminate among honey when conjugated with chemometric tools, providing the rapid first-line of classification for honey...
May 2018: Food Research International
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