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Noa Gueron-Sela, Cathi B Propper, Nicholas J Wagner, Marie Camerota, Kristin P Tully, Ginger A Moore
This study examined the direct and interactive effects of infants' respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and maternal depressive symptoms (MDS) during the first 6 months of life in the prediction of children's sleep problems at age 18 months. Participants included 156 children and their mothers who were followed from 3 to 18 months of age. At ages 3 and 6 months, infants' cardiac activity was recorded at rest and during the still-face paradigm, a mother-child social challenge task, and estimates of infant baseline RSA (RSAB) and RSA withdrawal (RSAW) were calculated...
October 18, 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
Giles E Eperon, David Moerman, David S Ginger
We use high-resolution, spatially resolved, laser beam induced current, confocal photoluminescence, and photoconductive atomic force microscopy (pcAFM) measurements to correlate local solar cell performance with spatially heterogeneous local material properties in methylammonium lead triiodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite solar cells. We find that, for this material and device architecture, the photocurrent heterogeneity measured via pcAFM on devices missing a top selective contact with traditional Au-coated tips is significantly larger than the photocurrent heterogeneity observed in full devices with both electron- and hole-selective extraction layers, indicating that extraction barriers at the Au/perovskite interface are ameliorated by deposition of the organic charge extraction layer...
October 17, 2016: ACS Nano
C Vijayakumar, M Ramesh, A Murugesan, N Panneerselvam, D Subramaniam, M Bharathiraja
The modern scenario reveals that the world is facing energy crisis due to the dwindling sources of fossil fuels. Environment protection agencies are more concerned about the atmospheric pollution due to the burning of fossil fuels. Alternative fuel research is getting augmented because of the above reasons. Plant seed oils (vegetable oils) are cleaner, sustainable, and renewable. So, it can be the most suitable alternative fuel for compression ignition (CI) engines. This paper reviews the availability of different types of plant seed oils, several methods for production of biodiesel from vegetable oils, and its properties...
October 15, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mariangela Rondanelli, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Pietro Allegrini, Milena Anna Faliva, Maurizio Naso, Alessandra Miccono, Gabriella Peroni, Irene Degli Agosti, Simone Perna
The study aimed to evaluate the effect of Zingiber officinale and Echinacea angustifolia extract supplementation (25 mg of ginger and 5 mg of Echinacea) for 30 days on inflammation and chronic pain in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Consecutive nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory-drugs (NSAIDs) poor responders with chronic inflammation and pain due to knee arthrosis were assessed (15 subjects, age: 67.2 ± 7.9, body mass index: 30.6 ± 7.1, men/women:2/13). The primary endpoint was to determine pain improvement from baseline to Day 30 by Tegner Lysholm Knee Scoring...
October 13, 2016: Natural Product Research
Arman Zargaran, Saeid Daneshamouz, Gholamreza Kordafshari, Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh
The Ergh-al-Nassa pill (Hab) is a traditional combination suggested as one of the most effective preparations useful for treatment of sciatica. Although traditional preparations can be applied as new therapeutic drugs for investigations and clinical trials, they need to be reformulated to achieve pharmacopoeial standards for modern medicine. In this research, based on seven traditional Persian pharmacopeias for Ergh-al-NassaHab, nine different molded tablets were reformulated. Each formulation comprised the same amount of colchicum, ginger, aloe and yellow myrobalan fruit...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Amy O'Donnell, Catherine McParlin, Stephen C Robson, Fiona Beyer, Eoin Moloney, Andrew Bryant, Jennifer Bradley, Colin Muirhead, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Justine Norman, Emma Simpson, Brian Swallow, Laura Yates, Luke Vale
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) affects up to 85% of all women during pregnancy, but for the majority self-management suffices. For the remainder, symptoms are more severe and the most severe form of NVP - hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) - affects 0.3-1.0% of pregnant women. There is no widely accepted point at which NVP becomes HG. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of treatments for NVP and HG...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Takumu Hasebe, Jun Matsukawa, Daina Ringus, Jun Miyoshi, John Hart, Atsushi Kaneko, Masahiro Yamamoto, Toru Kono, Mikihiro Fujiya, Yutaka Kohgo, Chong-Zi Wang, Chun-Su Yuan, Marc Bissonnette, Mark W Musch, Eugene B Chang
Chemopreventative properties of traditional medicines and underlying mechanisms of action are incompletely investigated. This study demonstrates that dietary daikenchuto (TU-100), comprised of ginger, ginseng, and Japanese pepper effectively suppresses intestinal tumor development and progression in the azoxymethane (AOM) and APC(min/+) mouse models. For the AOM model, TU-100 was provided after the first of six biweekly AOM injections. Mice were sacrificed at 30 weeks. APC(min/+) mice were fed diet without or with TU-100 starting at 6 weeks, and sacrificed at 24 weeks...
October 12, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Maheswata Sahoo, Lingaraja Jena, Surya Narayan Rath, Satish Kumar
The influenza A (H1N1) virus, also known as swine flu is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality since 2009. There is a need to explore novel anti-viral drugs for overcoming the epidemics. Traditionally, different plant extracts of garlic, ginger, kalmegh, ajwain, green tea, turmeric, menthe, tulsi, etc. have been used as hopeful source of prevention and treatment of human influenza. The H1N1 virus contains an important glycoprotein, known as neuraminidase (NA) that is mainly responsible for initiation of viral infection and is essential for the life cycle of H1N1...
September 2016: Genomics & Informatics
Sai R, Agarwal Vk, Lakesar A, Malhotra H, Mathur A
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Chelsea Anderson, Ginger L Milne, Dale P Sandler, Hazel B Nichols
Higher levels of oxidative stress, as measured by F2-isoprostanes, have been associated with chronic diseases such as CVD and some cancers. Improvements in diet and physical activity may help reduce oxidative stress; however, previous studies regarding associations between lifestyle factors and F2-isoprostane concentrations have been inconsistent. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether physical activity and intakes of fruits/vegetables, antioxidant nutrients, dietary fat subgroups and alcohol are associated with concentrations of F2-isoprostane and the major F2-isoprostane metabolite...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Eleonora Zambrano Blanco, Miklos Maximiliano Bajay, Marcos Vinícius Bohrer Monteiro Siqueira, Maria Imaculada Zucchi, José Baldin Pinheiro
Ginger is a vegetable with medicinal and culinary properties widely cultivated in the Southern and Southeastern Brazil. The knowledge of ginger species' genetic variability is essential to direct correctly future studies of conservation and genetic improvement, but in Brazil, little is known about this species' genetic variability. In this study, we analyzed the genetic diversity and structure of 55 Brazilian accessions and 6 Colombian accessions of ginger, using AFLP (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism) molecular markers...
October 8, 2016: Genetica
Ginger L Arrowood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Nursing for Women's Health
Tao Su, Wei-Wei Zhang, Ya-Ming Zhang, Brian Chi-Yan Cheng, Xiu-Qiong Fu, Ting Li, Hui Guo, Ya-Xi Li, Pei-Li Zhu, Hui Cao, Zhi-Ling Yu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pinelliae Rhizoma (PR), the dried tuber of Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit., is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb. It is commonly used for treating cancer, cough and phlegm. To treat cancer, Chinese medicine practitioners often use raw PR; while to treat cough and phlegm, they usually use Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum cum Zingibere et Al..umine (PRZA, raw PR processed with ginger juice and alumen as adjuvant materials). Currently, the producing protocol of PRZA varies greatly among different places in China...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Lucksamon Thamlikitkul, Vichien Srimuninnimit, Charuwan Akewanlop, Suthinee Ithimakin, Sirisopa Techawathanawanna, Krittiya Korphaisarn, Jomjit Chantharasamee, Pongwut Danchaivijitr, Nopadol Soparattanapaisarn
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of ginger for reducing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in breast cancer patients receiving adriamycin and cyclophosphamide (AC) regimens. METHODS: We enrolled breast cancer patients receiving AC who experienced moderate to severe nausea or vomiting during the first chemotherapy cycle. Subjects were randomized to receive a 500-mg ginger capsule or placebo twice a day for 5 days starting on the first day of the second AC cycle and were switched to the other treatment in the third cycle...
October 6, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Aireza Shirpoor, Farzaneh Rezaei, Amin Abdollahzade Fard, Ali Taghizadeh Afshari, Farzaneh Hosseini Gharalari, Yousef Rasmi
Chronic alcohol ingestion is associated with pronounced detrimental effects on the renal system. In the current study, the protective effect of ginger extract on ethanol-induced damage was evaluated through determining 8-OHdG, cystatin C, glomerular filtration rate, and pathological changes such as cell proliferation and fibrosis in rats' kidneys. Male wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups and were treated as follows: (1) control, (2) ethanol and (3) ginger extract treated ethanolic (GETE) groups...
October 3, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mark E Ziffer, David S Ginger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2016: Science
Catherine McParlin, Amy O'Donnell, Stephen C Robson, Fiona Beyer, Eoin Moloney, Andrew Bryant, Jennifer Bradley, Colin R Muirhead, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Justine Norman, Caroline Shaw, Emma Simpson, Brian Swallow, Laura Yates, Luke Vale
Importance: Nausea and vomiting affects approximately 85% of pregnant women. The most severe form, hyperemesis gravidarum, affects up to 3% of women and can have significant adverse physical and psychological sequelae. Objective: To summarize current evidence on effective treatments for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum. Evidence Review: Databases were searched to June 8, 2016. Relevant websites and bibliographies were also searched...
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Carola Schoenknecht, Gaby Andersen, Peter Schieberle
The bio-active compounds of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), the gingerols, are gaining considerable attention due to their numerous beneficial health effects. In order to elucidate the physiological relevance of the ascribed effects their bioavailability has to be determined taking their metabolization into account. To quantitate in vivo generated [6]-, [8]- and [10]-gingerol glucuronides in human plasma and urine after ginger tea consumption, a simultaneous and direct liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method based on stable isotope dilution assays was established and validated...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Symon Gathiaka, Shuai Liu, Michael Chiu, Huanwang Yang, Jeanne A Stuckey, You Na Kang, Jim Delproposto, Ginger Kubish, James B Dunbar, Heather A Carlson, Stephen K Burley, W Patrick Walters, Rommie E Amaro, Victoria A Feher, Michael K Gilson
The Drug Design Data Resource (D3R) ran Grand Challenge 2015 between September 2015 and February 2016. Two targets served as the framework to test community docking and scoring methods: (1) HSP90, donated by AbbVie and the Community Structure Activity Resource (CSAR), and (2) MAP4K4, donated by Genentech. The challenges for both target datasets were conducted in two stages, with the first stage testing pose predictions and the capacity to rank compounds by affinity with minimal structural data; and the second stage testing methods for ranking compounds with knowledge of at least a subset of the ligand-protein poses...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Sheryl A Kingsberg, Leonard Derogatis, James A Simon, Ginger D Constantine, Shelli Graham, Brian Bernick, Gina Gasper, Sebastian Mirkin
INTRODUCTION: TX-004HR is an investigational, applicator-free, vaginal soft gel capsule containing low-dose solubilized 17β-estradiol. The phase 3, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, multicenter REJOICE trial has shown TX-004HR to be safe and effective for the treatment of moderate to severe dyspareunia in postmenopausal women with vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA). AIM: To evaluate the effect of TX-004HR on female sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women with VVA...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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