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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921673/safety-of-back-transfer-to-local-hospitals-during-an-acute-care-hospitalization
#1
Leah F Nelson, Karisa K Harland, Dan M Shane, Azeemuddin Ahmed, Nicholas M Mohr
PURPOSE: This paper investigates patient outcomes including length of stay (LOS), cost of hospitalization, bounce-back rates, transition to hospice care, and mortality, following back-transfer. METHODS: This study was an observational case-control study of adults hospitalized in Iowa between 2005 and 2013 to identify back-transferred patients. Back-transfer was defined as the transfer of rural patients near the end of their acute hospitalization in a comprehensive medical center back to a local community hospital for the completion of their medical care...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876073/molecular-dynamics-simulation-of-water-nanodroplet-bounce-back-from-flat-and-nanopillared-surface
#2
Takahiro Koishi, Kenji Yasuoka, Xiao Cheng Zeng
Molecular dynamics simulations of impinging nanodroplets were performed to study the bounce back condition for flat and nanopillared surfaces. We found that the bounce back condition can be closely related to the degree of droplet deformation upon collision with the solid surface. When the droplets have little or small deformation, the bounce back condition solely depends on the hydrophobicity of the surface. On the other hand, when the droplet deformation is large, the impinging velocity dependence of the bounce back condition becomes stronger due to the increase of the liquid-vapor interfacial area of colliding droplet, which is proportional to the liquid-vapor surface energy...
September 6, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863477/resilience-of-epidemics-for-sis-model-on-networks
#3
Dan Lu, Shunkun Yang, Jiaquan Zhang, Huijuan Wang, Daqing Li
Epidemic propagation on complex networks has been widely investigated, mostly with invariant parameters. However, the process of epidemic propagation is not always constant. Epidemics can be affected by various perturbations and may bounce back to its original state, which is considered resilient. Here, we study the resilience of epidemics on networks, by introducing a different infection rate λ2 during SIS (susceptible-infected-susceptible) epidemic propagation to model perturbations (control state), whereas the infection rate is λ1 in the rest of time...
August 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829529/bridging-cultures-nonprofit-church-and-emergency-management-agency-collaboration-after-the-may-2013-oklahoma-tornado-outbreak
#4
Haley Murphy, Jason Pudlo
Community-based organizations, such as nonprofit organizations (NPOs) and churches, play an important role in helping individuals and communities bounce back after a disaster. The nature of disasters requires organizations across sectors to partner together to provide recovery services; however, collaboration is difficult even in times of stability and requires trust and communication to be built through prior collaborative relationships. These prior relationships rarely exist between the majority of the nonprofit sector, churches, and existing emergency management structures...
May 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714151/resilience-as-a-moderator-of-the-indirect-effects-of-conflict-and-workload-on-job-outcomes-among-nurses
#5
Julie Jean Lanz, Valentina Bruk-Lee
AIM: To examine the relative effects of interpersonal conflict and workload on job outcomes (turnover intentions, burnout, injuries) and examine if resilience moderates the indirect effects of conflict and workload on job outcomes via job-related negative effect. BACKGROUND: There is interest in understanding resilience in the nursing profession. Placing resilience in the context of the Emotion-Centred Model of Occupational Stress (Spector, ) is a novel approach to understanding how resilience ameliorates the negative effects of workplace stressors...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704270/impact-of-ramadan-on-emergency-department-visits-and-on-medical-emergencies
#6
Reem G Al Assaad, Rana Bachir, Mazen J El Sayed
BACKGROUND: Fasting during Ramadan is important to Muslims. This study describes changes in emergency department (ED) visits and in frequencies of emergency conditions and impact on clinical outcomes during Ramadan in a tertiary care center in Beirut, Lebanon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients presenting to ED during Ramadan 1 month before and 1 month after Ramadan over a 3-year period with specific conditions (acute coronary syndrome, stroke, seizure, diabetes, renal colic, headache or hypertension) were included...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703912/resilience-bouncing-back-from-hard-times
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666452/identifying-optimal-threshold-statistics-for-elimination-of-hookworm-using-a-stochastic-simulation-model
#8
James E Truscott, Marleen Werkman, James E Wright, Sam H Farrell, Rajiv Sarkar, Kristjana Ásbjörnsdóttir, Roy M Anderson
BACKGROUND: There is an increased focus on whether mass drug administration (MDA) programmes alone can interrupt the transmission of soil-transmitted helminths (STH). Mathematical models can be used to model these interventions and are increasingly being implemented to inform investigators about expected trial outcome and the choice of optimum study design. One key factor is the choice of threshold for detecting elimination. However, there are currently no thresholds defined for STH regarding breaking transmission...
June 30, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612159/the-impact-of-personal-disease-and-work-related-factors-on-work-ability-of-women-with-breast-cancer-living-in-the-community-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#9
Kin Cheung, Siu Yin Shirley Ching, Amy Chan, Doris Cheung, Suk Yee Polly Cheung
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to identify the work ability (WA) of breast cancer (BC) survivors during the course of their illness, and the relationships between personal-, disease-, and work-related factors, and their WA. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey study. One hundred fifty-one participants with the response rate of 88.9% were recruited from the community in 2014 and 2015. RESULTS: BC survivors' WA was at its highest before diagnosis, and then dropped to the lowest during treatment...
June 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544391/the-experience-sampling-method-as-an-mhealth-tool-to-support-self-monitoring-self-insight-and-personalized-health-care-in-clinical-practice
#10
Jim van Os, Simone Verhagen, Anne Marsman, Frenk Peeters, Maarten Bak, Machteld Marcelis, Marjan Drukker, Ulrich Reininghaus, Nele Jacobs, Tineke Lataster, Claudia Simons, Richel Lousberg, Sinan Gülöksüz, Carsten Leue, Peter C Groot, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Philippe Delespaul
BACKGROUND: The experience sampling method (ESM) builds an intensive time series of experiences and contexts in the flow of daily life, typically consisting of around 70 reports, collected at 8-10 random time points per day over a period of up to 10 days. METHODS: With the advent of widespread smartphone use, ESM can be used in routine clinical practice. Multiple examples of ESM data collections across different patient groups and settings are shown and discussed, varying from an ESM evaluation of a 6-week randomized trial of mindfulness, to a twin study on emotion dynamics in daily life...
June 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507389/bouncing-back-across-the-board-results-of-the-2016-cvma-practice-owners-economic-survey
#11
Chris Doherty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424799/role-of-psychological-resilience-on-health-outcomes-in-hospitalized-patients-with-acute-illness-a-scoping-review
#12
Elen Marged Bradley-Roberts, Christian P Subbe
Recovery from Acute Illness is dependent on severity of illness. We aimed to investigate whether resilience as the 'ability to bounce back' might also affect recovery. We conducted a scoping review to identify gaps in the existing literature. We used emergency care, intensive care, critical care and trauma as surrogates for acute illness. We mapped synonyms for resilience and selected 'resilience' and 'robustness'. The search was limited to adult patients admitted to hospitals. We found strong evidence for psychological sequelae of acute illness but no research focusing specifically on the concepts of resilience or robustness and no interventional studies in the acute hospital setting...
2017: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415201/self-adjustment-and-disintegration-threshold-of-langmuir-solitons-in-inhomogeneous-plasmas
#13
Y A Chen, Y Nishimura, Y Nishida, C Z Cheng
Dynamics of Langmuir solitons in the presence of a background density gradient is investigated numerically, including cases with steep gradients to the extent the solitons can disintegrate. The disintegration threshold is explained by regarding the electric field part of the soliton as a point mass moving along the self-generated potential well corresponding to the density cavity. On the other hand, it is demonstrated that the Langmuir solitons are robust when the density gradient is below the threshold. During the acceleration phase toward low density regions, Langmuir solitons adjust themselves to balance the electric field pressure and the negative plasma pressure by expelling the imbalanced portion as density cavities at the sound velocity...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332140/interspinous-implants-are-the-new-implants-better-than-the-last-generation-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Michael Pintauro, Alexander Duffy, Payman Vahedi, George Rymarczuk, Joshua Heller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Interspinous process devices (IPDs) are used in the surgical treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. The purpose of this review is to compare the first generation with the next-generation devices in terms of complications, device failure, reoperation rates, symptom relief, and outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: Thirty-seven studies were included from 2011 to 2016. Device failure occurred at a mean of 3.7%, with a lower tendency to happen with next-generation IPDs...
June 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303610/new-rescue-technique-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-rendezvous-procedure-with-video
#15
LETTER
Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshimasa Kubota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288642/combining-indoor-and-outdoor-methods-for-controlling-malaria-vectors-an-ecological-model-of-endectocide-treated-livestock-and-insecticidal-bed-nets
#16
REVIEW
Laith Yakob, Mary Cameron, Jo Lines
BACKGROUND: Malaria is spread by mosquitoes that are increasingly recognised to have diverse biting behaviours. How a mosquito in a specific environment responds to differing availability of blood-host species is largely unknown and yet critical to vector control efficacy. A parsimonious mathematical model is proposed that accounts for a diverse range of host-biting behaviours and assesses their impact on combining long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) with a novel approach to malaria control: livestock treated with insecticidal compounds ('endectocides') that kill biting mosquitoes...
March 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237850/light-at-the-end-of-the-tunnel-new-graduate-nurses-accounts-of-resilience-a-qualitative-study-using-photovoice
#17
Siti Namira Binte Abdul Wahab, Siti Zubaidah Mordiffi, Emily Ang, Violeta Lopez
BACKGROUND: Resilience is the ability to overcome any stressful situation. The ability to bounce back is said to enable a person to emerge stronger, perform better, and become more confident and selfefficient. The new graduate nurses' journey is a stressful experience as they become immersed in the day-to-day work pressures. OBJECTIVE: The study explored the new graduate nurses' accounts of resilience and the facilitating and impeding factors in building their resilience...
May 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212667/assessing-the-interruption-of-the-transmission-of-human-helminths-with-mass-drug-administration-alone-optimizing-the-design-of-cluster-randomized-trials
#18
Roy Anderson, Sam Farrell, Hugo Turner, Judd Walson, Christl A Donnelly, James Truscott
BACKGROUND: A method is outlined for the use of an individual-based stochastic model of parasite transmission dynamics to assess different designs for a cluster randomized trial in which mass drug administration (MDA) is employed in attempts to eliminate the transmission of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in defined geographic locations. The hypothesis to be tested is: Can MDA alone interrupt the transmission of STH species in defined settings? Clustering is at a village level and the choice of clusters of villages is stratified by transmission intensity (low, medium and high) and parasite species mix (either Ascaris, Trichuris or hookworm dominant)...
February 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208489/prediction-of-the-moments-in-advection-diffusion-lattice-boltzmann-method-ii-attenuation-of-the-boundary-layers-via-double-%C3%AE-bounce-back-flux-scheme
#19
Irina Ginzburg
Impact of the unphysical tangential advective-diffusion constraint of the bounce-back (BB) reflection on the impermeable solid surface is examined for the first four moments of concentration. Despite the number of recent improvements for the Neumann condition in the lattice Boltzmann method-advection-diffusion equation, the BB rule remains the only known local mass-conserving no-flux condition suitable for staircase porous geometry. We examine the closure relation of the BB rule in straight channel and cylindrical capillary analytically, and show that it excites the Knudsen-type boundary layers in the nonequilibrium solution for full-weight equilibrium stencil...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208379/prediction-of-the-moments-in-advection-diffusion-lattice-boltzmann-method-i-truncation-dispersion-skewness-and-kurtosis
#20
Irina Ginzburg
The effect of the heterogeneity in the soil structure or the nonuniformity of the velocity field on the modeled resident time distribution (RTD) and breakthrough curves is quantified by their moments. While the first moment provides the effective velocity, the second moment is related to the longitudinal dispersion coefficient (k_{T}) in the developed Taylor regime; the third and fourth moments are characterized by their normalized values skewness (Sk) and kurtosis (Ku), respectively. The purpose of this investigation is to examine the role of the truncation corrections of the numerical scheme in k_{T}, Sk, and Ku because of their interference with the second moment, in the form of the numerical dispersion, and in the higher-order moments, by their definition...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
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