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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332140/interspinous-implants-are-the-new-implants-better-than-the-last-generation-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Michael Pintauro, Alexander Duffy, Payman Vahedi, George Rymarczuk, Joshua Heller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Interspinous process devices (IPDs) are used in the surgical treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. The purpose of this review is to compare the first generation with the next-generation devices in terms of complications, device failure, reoperation rates, symptom relief, and outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: Thirty-seven studies were included from 2011 to 2016. Device failure occurred at a mean of 3.7%, with a lower tendency to happen with next-generation IPDs...
March 22, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303610/new-rescue-technique-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-rendezvous-procedure-with-video
#2
Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshimasa Kubota
The newly developed endoscopic ultrasonography-guided rendezvous procedure (EUS-RV) is used after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) [1,2]. Guidewire manipulation is one of the most challenging aspects of EUS-RV. A rescue technique that bounces back the guidewire from the perihilar bile duct in a long endoscopic position is commonly used. Herein, we describe a case using EUS-RV in a short endoscopic position. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 16, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288642/combining-indoor-and-outdoor-methods-for-controlling-malaria-vectors-an-ecological-model-of-endectocide-treated-livestock-and-insecticidal-bed-nets
#3
REVIEW
Laith Yakob, Mary Cameron, Jo Lines
BACKGROUND: Malaria is spread by mosquitoes that are increasingly recognised to have diverse biting behaviours. How a mosquito in a specific environment responds to differing availability of blood-host species is largely unknown and yet critical to vector control efficacy. A parsimonious mathematical model is proposed that accounts for a diverse range of host-biting behaviours and assesses their impact on combining long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) with a novel approach to malaria control: livestock treated with insecticidal compounds ('endectocides') that kill biting mosquitoes...
March 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237850/light-at-the-end-of-the-tunnel-new-graduate-nurses-accounts-of-resilience-a-qualitative-study-using-photovoice
#4
Siti Namira Binte Abdul Wahab, Siti Zubaidah Mordiffi, Emily Ang, Violeta Lopez
BACKGROUND: Resilience is the ability to overcome any stressful situation. The ability to bounce back is said to enable a person to emerge stronger, perform better, and become more confident and selfefficient. The new graduate nurses' journey is a stressful experience as they become immersed in the day-to-day work pressures. OBJECTIVE: The study explored the new graduate nurses' accounts of resilience and the facilitating and impeding factors in building their resilience...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212667/assessing-the-interruption-of-the-transmission-of-human-helminths-with-mass-drug-administration-alone-optimizing-the-design-of-cluster-randomized-trials
#5
Roy Anderson, Sam Farrell, Hugo Turner, Judd Walson, Christl A Donnelly, James Truscott
BACKGROUND: A method is outlined for the use of an individual-based stochastic model of parasite transmission dynamics to assess different designs for a cluster randomized trial in which mass drug administration (MDA) is employed in attempts to eliminate the transmission of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in defined geographic locations. The hypothesis to be tested is: Can MDA alone interrupt the transmission of STH species in defined settings? Clustering is at a village level and the choice of clusters of villages is stratified by transmission intensity (low, medium and high) and parasite species mix (either Ascaris, Trichuris or hookworm dominant)...
February 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208489/prediction-of-the-moments-in-advection-diffusion-lattice-boltzmann-method-ii-attenuation-of-the-boundary-layers-via-double-%C3%AE-bounce-back-flux-scheme
#6
Irina Ginzburg
Impact of the unphysical tangential advective-diffusion constraint of the bounce-back (BB) reflection on the impermeable solid surface is examined for the first four moments of concentration. Despite the number of recent improvements for the Neumann condition in the lattice Boltzmann method-advection-diffusion equation, the BB rule remains the only known local mass-conserving no-flux condition suitable for staircase porous geometry. We examine the closure relation of the BB rule in straight channel and cylindrical capillary analytically, and show that it excites the Knudsen-type boundary layers in the nonequilibrium solution for full-weight equilibrium stencil...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208379/prediction-of-the-moments-in-advection-diffusion-lattice-boltzmann-method-i-truncation-dispersion-skewness-and-kurtosis
#7
Irina Ginzburg
The effect of the heterogeneity in the soil structure or the nonuniformity of the velocity field on the modeled resident time distribution (RTD) and breakthrough curves is quantified by their moments. While the first moment provides the effective velocity, the second moment is related to the longitudinal dispersion coefficient (k_{T}) in the developed Taylor regime; the third and fourth moments are characterized by their normalized values skewness (Sk) and kurtosis (Ku), respectively. The purpose of this investigation is to examine the role of the truncation corrections of the numerical scheme in k_{T}, Sk, and Ku because of their interference with the second moment, in the form of the numerical dispersion, and in the higher-order moments, by their definition...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208327/issues-associated-with-galilean-invariance-on-a-moving-solid-boundary-in-the-lattice-boltzmann-method
#8
Cheng Peng, Nicholas Geneva, Zhaoli Guo, Lian-Ping Wang
In lattice Boltzmann simulations involving moving solid boundaries, the momentum exchange between the solid and fluid phases was recently found to be not fully consistent with the principle of local Galilean invariance (GI) when the bounce-back schemes (BBS) and the momentum exchange method (MEM) are used. In the past, this inconsistency was resolved by introducing modified MEM schemes so that the overall moving-boundary algorithm could be more consistent with GI. However, in this paper we argue that the true origin of this violation of Galilean invariance (VGI) in the presence of a moving solid-fluid interface is due to the BBS itself, as the VGI error not only exists in the hydrodynamic force acting on the solid phase, but also in the boundary force exerted on the fluid phase, according to Newton's Third Law...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197530/mutant-p53-nrf2-axis-regulates-the-proteasome-machinery-in-cancer
#9
Kamil Lisek, Dawid Walerych, Giannino Del Sal
The proteasome machinery is a common target of gain-of-function p53 missense mutants. Upregulation of the proteasome fosters chemoresistance to proteasome inhibitors. In triple negative breast cancer cells this resistance mechanism, namely the Nrf2-regulated "bounce-back" response to proteasome inhibitors, can be overcome by targeting p53 mutant proteins with APR-246/PRIMA-1Met.
2017: Molecular & Cellular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190668/resilience-correlates-with-outcomes-after-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#10
John M Tokish, Michael J Kissenberth, Stefan J Tolan, Tariq I Salim, Josh Tadlock, Thomas Kellam, Catherine D Long, Ashley Crawford, Keith T Lonergan, Richard J Hawkins, Ellen Shanley
BACKGROUND: Resilience, characterized by an ability to bounce back or recover from stress, is increasingly recognized as a psychometric property affecting many outcomes' domains including quality of life, suicide risk in active-duty military personnel, and recovery in cancer patients. This study examines the correlation between resilience, as measured by the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS), and traditional outcome scores including the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES), Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE), and Penn scores in patients undergoing total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182162/an-investigation-of-quality-improvement-initiatives-in-decreasing-the-rate-of-avoidable-30-day-skilled-nursing-facility-to-hospital-readmissions-a-systematic-review
#11
Michael Mileski, Joseph Baar Topinka, Kimberly Lee, Matthew Brooks, Christopher McNeil, Jenna Jackson
OBJECTIVES: The main objective was to investigate the applicability and effectiveness of quality improvement initiatives in decreasing the rate of avoidable 30-day, skilled nursing facility (SNF)-to-hospital readmissions. PROBLEM: The rate of rehospitalizations from SNF within 30 days of original discharge has increased within the last decade. SETTING: The research team participants conducted a literature review via Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature and PubMed to collect data about quality improvement implemented in SNFs...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131929/neural-evidence-for-enhanced-attention-to-mistakes-among-school-aged-children-with-a-growth-mindset
#12
Hans S Schroder, Megan E Fisher, Yanli Lin, Sharon L Lo, Judith H Danovitch, Jason S Moser
Individuals who believe intelligence is malleable (a growth mindset) are better able to bounce back from failures than those who believe intelligence is immutable. Event-related potential (ERP) studies among adults suggest this resilience is related to increased attention allocation to errors. Whether this mechanism is present among young children remains unknown, however. We therefore evaluated error-monitoring ERPs among 123 school-aged children while they completed a child-friendly go/no-go task. As expected, higher attention allocation to errors (indexed by larger error positivity, Pe) predicted higher post-error accuracy...
January 16, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087794/bouncing-back-resilience-and-mastery-among-hiv-positive-older-gay-and-bisexual-men
#13
Charles A Emlet, Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Adults with HIV infection are living into old age. It is critical we investigate positive constructs such as resilience and mastery to determine factors associated with psychological well-being. We examine HIV-related factors, adverse conditions, and psychosocial characteristics that are associated with resilience (the ability to bounce back) and mastery (sense of self-efficacy). DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed 2014 data from the longitudinal study Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), focusing on a subsample of 335 gay and bisexual older men...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991635/mesoscale-simulation-of-phoretically-osmotic-boundary-conditions
#14
Mingcheng Yang, Riu Liu, Fangfu Ye, Ke Chen
Boundary walls can drive the tangential flow of fluids by phoretic osmosis when exposed to a gradient field, including chemical, thermal or electric potential gradient. At the microscale, such boundary driving mechanisms become quite pronounced. Here, we propose a mesoscale strategy to simulate the phoretically osmotic boundaries, in which the microscopic fluid-wall interactions are coarse-grained into the bounce-back or specular reflection, and the phoretically osmotic force is generated by selectively reversing the tangential velocity of specific fluid particles near the boundary wall...
January 18, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967110/gray-free-energy-multiphase-lattice-boltzmann-model-with-effective-transport-and-wetting-properties
#15
Mohamad Zalzale, M Ramaioli, K L Scrivener, P J McDonald
The paper shows that it is possible to combine the free-energy lattice Boltzmann approach to multiphase modeling of fluids involving both liquid and vapor with the partial bounce back lattice Boltzmann approach to modeling effective media. Effective media models are designed to mimic the properties of porous materials with porosity much finer than the scale of the simulation lattice. In the partial bounce-back approach, an effective media parameter or bounce-back fraction controls fluid transport. In the combined model, a wetting potential is additionally introduced that controls the wetting properties of the fluid with respect to interfaces between free space (white nodes), effective media (gray nodes), and solids (black nodes)...
November 2016: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936196/resilience-and-associated-factors-among-mainland-chinese-women-newly-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#16
Zijing Wu, Ye Liu, Xuelian Li, Xiaohan Li
PURPOSE: Resilience is the individual's ability to bounce back from trauma. It has been studied for some time in the U.S., but few studies in China have addressed this important construct. In mainland China, relatively little is known about the resilience of patients in clinical settings, especially among patients with breast cancer. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the level of resilience and identify predictors of resilience among mainland Chinese women newly diagnosed with breast cancer...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929448/community-capitals-as-community-resilience-to-climate-change-conceptual-connections
#17
Shaikh Mohammad Kais, Md Saidul Islam
In the last few decades, disaster risk reduction programs and climate initiatives across the globe have focused largely on the intimate connections between vulnerability, recovery, adaptation, and coping mechanisms. Recent focus, however, is increasingly paid to community resilience. Community, placed at the intersection between the household and national levels of social organization, is crucial in addressing economic, social, or environmental disturbances disrupting human security. Resilience measures a community's capability of bouncing back-restoring the original pre-disaster state, as well as bouncing forward-the capacity to cope with emerging post-disaster situations and changes...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917137/the-academic-resilience-scale-ars-30-a-new-multidimensional-construct-measure
#18
Simon Cassidy
Resilience is a psychological construct observed in some individuals that accounts for success despite adversity. Resilience reflects the ability to bounce back, to beat the odds and is considered an asset in human characteristic terms. Academic resilience contextualizes the resilience construct and reflects an increased likelihood of educational success despite adversity. The paper provides an account of the development of a new multidimensional construct measure of academic resilience. The 30 item Academic Resilience Scale (ARS-30) explores process-as opposed to outcome-aspects of resilience, providing a measure of academic resilience based on students' specific adaptive cognitive-affective and behavioral responses to academic adversity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909338/uv-degradation-and-recovery-of-perovskite-solar-cells
#19
Sang-Won Lee, Seongtak Kim, Soohyun Bae, Kyungjin Cho, Taewon Chung, Laura E Mundt, Seunghun Lee, Sungeun Park, Hyomin Park, Martin C Schubert, Stefan W Glunz, Yohan Ko, Yongseok Jun, Yoonmook Kang, Hae-Seok Lee, Donghwan Kim
Although the power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells has increased from 3.81% to 22.1% in just 7 years, they still suffer from stability issues, as they degrade upon exposure to moisture, UV light, heat, and bias voltage. We herein examined the degradation of perovskite solar cells in the presence of UV light alone. The cells were exposed to 365 nm UV light for over 1,000 h under inert gas at <0.5 ppm humidity without encapsulation. 1-sun illumination after UV degradation resulted in recovery of the fill factor and power conversion efficiency...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852132/trajectories-of-mothers-emotional-availability-relations-with-infant-temperament-in-predicting-attachment-security
#20
Bo-Ram Kim, Sy-Miin Chow, Bethany Bray, Douglas M Teti
The present study examined observations of parenting quality (mothers' emotional availability - EA) during infant bedtimes at 4 points across the infants' first year, assessing relations between levels and trajectories of EA and infant attachment at 12 months and the role of infant temperament in moderating these associations. The sample (N = 128) was predominantly Euro-American (82.5%) and at low socioeconomic risk. Latent growth curve modeling with latent basis coefficients indicated substantial individual differences in initial levels and slopes in EA trajectories across the first year...
February 2017: Attachment & Human Development
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