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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333427/surgery-of-multiple-lymphangioma-in-small-bowel-a-rare-case-report-of-chronic-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#1
Dae Ro Lim, Jung Cheol Kuk, Taehyung Kim, Eung Jin Shin
Small bowel lymphangioma is a rare benign tumor of the lymphatic system, characterized by the presence of dilated lymphatic spaces and significant gastrointestinal bleeding. Small bowel lymphangiomas are rare in adults and case reports are few. Lymphangiomas in the jejunum or ileum are extremely rare and account for less than 1% of all lymphangiomas. The case reported herein is of an older patient (70-year-old male) with melena and chronic anemia (hemoglobin count < 5 g/dL) who had small-sized multiple lymphangiomas in his small bowel (jejunum)...
January 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332000/how-good-are-doctors-at-introducing-themselves-hellomynameis
#2
Peter Gillen, Sue Faye Sharifuddin, Muireann O'Sullivan, Alison Gordon, Eva M Doherty
BACKGROUND: This explorative study was triggered by the '#hellomynameis' campaign initiated by Dr Kate Granger in the UK. Our objectives were twofold: first, to measure rates of introduction in an Irish hospital setting by both consultant and non-consultant hospital doctors. Second to establish whether such practices were associated with patient perceptions of the doctor/patient interaction. METHOD: A patient 'exit' survey was undertaken following doctor-patient consultations in both acute (surgical and medical assessment units) and elective settings (outpatient clinics)...
January 13, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330768/comorbid-insomnia-symptoms-predict-lower-6-month-adherence-to-cpap-in-us-veterans-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#3
Douglas M Wallace, A M Sawyer, S Shafazand
PURPOSE: There is limited information on the association between pre-treatment insomnia symptoms and dysfunctional sleep beliefs with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence in veterans with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Our aims were to describe demographic and sleep characteristics of veterans with and without comorbid insomnia and determine whether pre-treatment insomnia symptoms and dysfunctional sleep beliefs predict CPAP use after 6 months of therapy. METHODS: Hispanic veterans attending the Miami VA sleep clinic were recruited and completed the insomnia severity index, the dysfunctional sleep belief and attitude scale (DBAS), and other questionnaires...
January 4, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326031/depressive-symptoms-and-poorer-performance-on-the-stroop-task-are-associated-with-weight-gain
#4
Emma J Stinson, Jonathan Krakoff, Marci E Gluck
OBJECTIVE: Executive function impairments and depression are associated with obesity but whether they predict weight gain is unclear. METHODS: Forty-six individuals (35m, 37±10y) completed the Stroop Task, Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST), Inventory for Depressive Symptomatology (IDS-SR), Physical Anhedonia Scale (PAS), and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Body composition (DXA) and fasting glucose were also measured. Data from return visits were used to assess changes in weight...
January 8, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322401/is-it-possible-to-cure-the-symptoms-of-the-overactive-bladder-in-women
#5
Jan Krhut, Alois Martan, Roman Zachoval, Tomas Hanus, Lukas Horcicka, Kamil Svabík, Peter Zvara
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of discontinuing treatment with mirabegron once symptoms have subsided in patients with overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: The present study evaluated a total of 159 female OAB patients (age 62.9 ± 12.36), each of which were prescribed 50 mg/day mirabegron (Time point 1-T1). Data obtained from voiding diaries and patient-reported outcome variables were assessed during follow-up visits at months 1, 3, 6, 12, 18 (T2), and 21 (T4)...
January 10, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322089/the-wisconsin-registry-for-alzheimer-s-prevention-a-review-of-findings-and-current-directions
#6
REVIEW
Sterling C Johnson, Rebecca L Koscik, Erin M Jonaitis, Lindsay R Clark, Kimberly D Mueller, Sara E Berman, Barbara B Bendlin, Corinne D Engelman, Ozioma C Okonkwo, Kirk J Hogan, Sanjay Asthana, Cynthia M Carlsson, Bruce P Hermann, Mark A Sager
The Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention is a longitudinal observational cohort study enriched with persons with a parental history (PH) of probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. Since late 2001, Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention has enrolled 1561 people at a mean baseline age of 54 years. Participants return for a second visit 4 years after baseline, and subsequent visits occur every 2 years. Eighty-one percent (1270) of participants remain active in the study at a current mean age of 64 and 9 years of follow-up...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318355/an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocol-for-ambulatory-anorectal-surgery-reduced-postoperative-pain-and-unplanned-returns-to-care-after-discharge
#7
Aaron B Parrish, Sean M O'Neill, Steven R Crain, Tara A Russell, Deepak K Sonthalia, Vu T Nguyen, Armen Aboulian
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory surgery for anorectal procedures has been proven to be safe and effective. Specific perioperative pathways combining multiple interventions have been shown to optimize recovery and outcomes associated with inpatient colorectal surgery. However, there are no major studies describing and evaluating a standardized protocol for ambulatory anorectal surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a modified enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol for ambulatory anorectal surgery...
January 9, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299491/evaluation-of-radiocapitellar-arthritis-in-patients-with-a-second-radiograph-at-least-2-years-after-nonoperative-treatment-of-an-isolated-radial-head-fracture
#8
Amir R Kachooei, David Ring
Background: To study if patients that have a second radiograph 2 or more years after nonoperative treatment of an isolated radial head fracture have radiocapitellar osteoarthritis (RC OA). Methods: We used the database of 3 academic hospitals in one health system from 1988 to 2013 to find patients with isolated radial head fractures (no associated ligament injury or fracture) that had a second elbow radiograph after more than 2 years from the initial injury. Of 887 patients with isolated radial head fractures, 54 (6%) had an accessible second radiograph for reasons of a second injury (57%), pain (30%), or follow-up visit (13%)...
November 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295637/clostridial-collagenase-ointment-and-medicinal-honey-utilization-for-pressure-ulcers-in-u-s-hospitals
#9
Jill Dreyfus, Gary Delhougne, Bobbie James, Julie Gayle, Curtis Waycaster
AIMS: Describe the utilization of clostridial collagenase ointment (CCO) and medicinal honey debridement methods in real-world inpatient and outpatient hospital settings among pressure ulcer (PU) patients and compare the frequency of healthcare re-encounters between CCO- and medicinal honey-treated patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: De-identified hospital discharge records for patients receiving CCO or medicinal honey methods of debridement and having an ICD-9 code for PU were extracted from the U...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282407/dementia-and-hospital-readmission-rates-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Sabrina Pickens, Aanand D Naik, Angela Catic, Mark E Kunik
Background: Although community-dwelling persons with dementia have an increased risk of hospital readmission, no systematic review has examined the contribution of dementia to readmissions. Summary: We examined articles in English, with no restrictions on publication dates, from Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and EMBASE. Keywords used were dementia, Alzheimer disease, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, elderly, frontotemporal dementia, executive function, brain atrophy, frontal lobe atrophy, cognitive impairment, readmission, readmit, rehospitalization, patient discharge, and return visit...
September 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282273/association-of-socioeconomic-status-with-outcomes-in-older-adult-community-dwelling-patients-after-visiting-the-emergency-department-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Joyce J H Wachelder, Isabelle van Drunen, Patricia M Stassen, Steffie H A Brouns, Suze L E Lambooij, Mieke J Aarts, Harm R Haak
OBJECTIVES: Older adults frequently visit the emergency department (ED). Socioeconomic status (SES) has an important impact on health and ED utilisation; however, the association between SES and ED utilisation in elderly remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between SES in older adult patients visiting the ED on outcomes. DESIGN: A retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (≥65 years) visiting the ED, in the Netherlands...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282109/simulated-patient-encounters-to-improve-adolescent-retention-in-hiv-care-in-kenya-study-protocol-of-a-stepped-wedge-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Kate S Wilson, Cyrus Mugo, David Bukusi, Irene Inwani, Anjuli D Wagner, Helen Moraa, Tamara Owens, Joseph B Babigumira, Barbra A Richardson, Grace C John-Stewart, Jennifer A Slyker, Dalton C Wamalwa, Pamela K Kohler
BACKGROUND: Adolescent-friendly policies aim to tailor HIV services for adolescents and young adults aged 10-24 years (AYA) to promote health outcomes and improve retention in HIV care and treatment. However, few interventions focus on improving healthcare worker (HCW) competencies and skills for provision of high-quality adolescent care. Standardized patients (SPs) are trained actors who work with HCWs in mock clinical encounters to improve clinical assessment, communication, and empathy skills...
December 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277687/defibrillator-shocks-and-their-impact-on-objective-and-subjective-patient-outcomes-results-from-the-painfree-sst-clinical-trial
#13
Samuel F Sears, Lindsey Rosman, Shingo Sasaki, Yusuke Kondo, Laurence D Sterns, Edward J Schloss, Takashi Kurita, Albert Meijer, Judith Raijmakers, Bart Gerritse, Angelo Auricchio
BACKGROUND: The impact of ICD shock on device-measured activity and patient reported outcomes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the acute and long-term effects of ICD shock on objective behavioral data (i.e., device-based physical activity) and subjective patient reported outcomes (e.g., quality of life and shock anxiety). METHODS: The PainFree SST clinical trial included 2,770 patients with a single or dual-chamber ICD, or cardiac resynchronization defibrillator (CRT-D) who were followed for 22 ± 9 months...
December 22, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276269/patients-given-take-home-medications-instead-of-paper-prescriptions-are-more-likely-to-return-to-emergency-department
#14
Dusadee Sarangarm, Preeyaporn Sarangarm, Melissa Fleegler, Amy Ernst, Steven Weiss
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the 30-day emergency department (ED) return rate between patients given a Take Home Medication pack (THM) versus a standard paper prescription (SPP) prior to discharge. Methods: This was an observational, prospective cohort study in an urban, university-affiliated, level I trauma center. Patients were identified through daily pharmacy reports. Consecutive adult patients discharged from the ED with either a THM or equivalent SPP were included. For each patient, baseline characteristics including age, gender, primary care provider (PCP), primary language, ethnicity, marital status, and insurance status were recorded from the electronic medical record (EMR)...
June 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275585/-impact-of-the-implementation-of-beijing-tobacco-control-regulation-on-outpatient-visits-for-smoking-cessation-in-beijing-chaoyang-hospital
#15
S L Chu, L R Liang, Z H Tong, H Jing, D Zhang, Y Jiang
Objective: To investigate the impact of the implementation of Beijing Tobacco Control Regulation on outpatient visits for smoking cessation in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital. Methods: The outpatient visits and the proportion of returned cases to the total outpatient visits for smoking cessation in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital in past five years (2012-2016) that was before and after the implementation of Beijing Tobacco Control Regulation (June 1(st,) 2015) were analyzed. Time series seasonal index method was used to analyze seasonal variations in the outpatient visits...
November 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275116/hospital-discharge-within-1-day-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-from-a-veterans-affairs-hospital-does-not-increase-complication-and-readmission-rates
#16
Eric M Kiskaddon, Jessica H Lee, Brett D Meeks, Spencer W Barnhill, Andrew W Froehle, Anil Krishnamurthy
BACKGROUND: Attempts to control costs associated with total joint arthroplasty have included efforts to shorten hospital length of stay (LOS). Concerns related to patient outcomes and safety with decreased LOS persist. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether discharge on postoperative day (POD) 1 after joint replacement is associated with increased rates of 90-day return to the operating room, and 30-day readmissions and emergency department (ED) visits. METHODS: After chart review, 447 patients admitted between January 2, 2013 and September 16, 2016 met inclusion criteria...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274521/returns-to-specialization-evidence-from-the-outpatient-surgery-market
#17
Elizabeth L Munnich, Stephen T Parente
Technological changes in medicine have created new opportunities to provide surgical care in lower cost, specialized facilities. This paper examines patient outcomes in ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs), which were developed as a low-cost alternative to outpatient surgery in hospitals. Because we are concerned that selection into ASCs may bias estimates of facility quality, we use predicted changes in federally set Medicare facility payment rates as an instrument for ASC utilization to estimate the effect of location of treatment on patient outcomes...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248335/outpatient-management-of-emergency-department-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-variation-patient-characteristics-and%C3%A2-outcomes
#18
David R Vinson, Dustin W Ballard, Jie Huang, Mary E Reed, James S Lin, Mamata V Kene, Dana R Sax, Adina S Rauchwerger, David H Wang, D Ian McLachlan, Tamara S Pleshakov, Matthew A Silver, Victoria A Clague, Andrew S Klonecke, Dustin G Mark
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Outpatient management of emergency department (ED) patients with acute pulmonary embolism is uncommon. We seek to evaluate the facility-level variation of outpatient pulmonary embolism management and to describe patient characteristics and outcomes associated with home discharge. METHODS: The Management of Acute Pulmonary Embolism (MAPLE) study is a retrospective cohort study of patients with acute pulmonary embolism undertaken in 21 community EDs from January 2013 to April 2015...
December 13, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246886/rates-of-colonization-with-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-canadian-travellers-returning-from-south-asia-a-cross-sectional-assessment
#19
Gisele Peirano, Daniel B Gregson, Susan Kuhn, Otto G Vanderkooi, Diego B Nobrega, Johann D D Pitout
BACKGROUND: A previous study in Calgary showed that travel to India was associated with high risk of community-onset infections with extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli. We performed a follow-up study to determine the rate of rectal acquisition of ESBL-producing E. coli among travellers to South Asia and to identify the behaviours putting such travellers at high risk for acquiring ESBL-producing E. coli. METHODS: The study was performed at a travel clinic in Calgary...
December 13, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246675/-doubling-up-on-produce-at-detroit-farmers-markets-patterns-and-correlates-of-use-of-a-healthy-food-incentive
#20
Alicia J Cohen, Laurie L Lachance, Caroline R Richardson, Elham Mahmoudi, Jason D Buxbaum, George K Noonan, Ellen C Murphy, Dana N Roberson, Oran B Hesterman, Michele Heisler, Suzanna M Zick
INTRODUCTION: Federal food assistance programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) help address food insecurity, yet many participants still struggle to afford nutritionally adequate foods. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has committed $100 million to the expansion and evaluation of SNAP healthy food incentives, which match SNAP funds spent on produce. However, little is known about who uses SNAP incentives or how often they are used. This study examines patterns and correlates of use of the SNAP incentive Double Up Food Bucks at all eight participating Detroit farmers markets during 2012-2013...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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