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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544390/phenotypic-plasticity-and-remodeling-in-the-stress-induced-caenorhabditis-elegans-dauer
#1
REVIEW
Rebecca J Androwski, Kristen M Flatt, Nathan E Schroeder
Organisms are often capable of modifying their development to better suit their environment. Under adverse conditions, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans develops into a stress-resistant alternative larval stage called dauer. The dauer stage is the primary survival stage for C. elegans in nature. Large-scale tissue remodeling during dauer conveys resistance to harsh environments. The environmental and genetic regulation of the decision to enter dauer has been extensively studied. However, less is known about the mechanisms regulating tissue remodeling...
May 24, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542362/a-window-dea-based-efficiency-evaluation-of-the-public-hospital-sector-in-greece-during-the-5-year-economic-crisis
#2
Angeliki Flokou, Vassilis Aletras, Dimitris Niakas
The main objective of this study was to apply the non-parametric method of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to measure the efficiency of Greek NHS hospitals between 2009-2013. Hospitals were divided into four separate groups with common characteristics which allowed comparisons to be carried out in the context of increased homogeneity. The window-DEA method was chosen since it leads to increased discrimination on the results especially when applied to small samples and it enables year-by-year comparisons of the results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541772/fungal-levels-in-houses-in-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-evacuation-zone-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#3
Naohide Shinohara, Masahiro Tokumura, Kazuhiro Hashimoto, Katsuyoshi Asano, Yuji Kawakami
Residences located within 20 km of the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant were evacuated shortly after the Great East Japan Earthquake. The levels of airborne and surface fungi were measured in six houses in the evacuation zone in August 2012 and February 2013. Airborne fungal levels in all of the houses in the summer were higher than the environmental standard levels for residential houses published in Architectural Institute of Japan (>1,000 CFU/m(3)). In two houses whose residents rarely returned to visit, fungal levels were extremely high (> 52,000 CFU/m(3))...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541730/results-of-a-metabolic-health-clinic-at-a-hostel-for-homeless-men
#4
Olav Nielssen, Alan Chudleigh, Mia Chen, Matthew Large, Tania Markovic, Lucy Cooper
OBJECTIVES: People who are homeless have high mortality and morbidity, including from metabolic disorder. The aim of this study was to report on the characteristics and progress of the metabolic health of people attending a metabolic clinic at a homeless men's shelter. METHODS: Homeless men attending the clinic were assessed by measuring their weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, blood lipids, fasting blood glucose and, if indicated, HbA1c...
June 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535546/cost-utility-analysis-of-lumbar-interlaminar-epidural-injections-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-central-spinal-stenosis-and-axial-or-discogenic-low-back-pain
#5
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Vidyasagar Pampati, Ramsin M Benyamin, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Cost utility or cost effective analysis continues to take center stage in the United States for defining and measuring the value of treatments in interventional pain management. Appropriate cost utility analysis has been performed for caudal epidural injections, percutaneous adhesiolysis, and spinal cord stimulation. However, the literature pertaining to lumbar interlaminar epidural injections is lacking, specifically in reference to cost utility analysis derived from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a pragmatic approach in a practical setting...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534271/optic-disc-granuloma-with-epididymitis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#6
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Sowkath Ali, Jyotirmay Biswas
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis and tuberculosis (TB) share epidemiological, immunological, and molecular features common to both, and often, it becomes difficult to differentiate them especially in a highly TB-endemic country like India. We report a case of optic disc granuloma along with epididymitis and infertility in a male who showed a response to treatment with anti-tuberculosis therapy and steroids. RESULTS: A 35-year-old Indian male who presented with complaints of blurring vision in the right eye for 6 months and treated elsewhere with two intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF was found to have optic disc granuloma in the right eye...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534159/arthroscopic-treatment-successfully-treats-posterior-elbow-impingement-in-an-athletic-population
#7
Jason L Koh, Brad A Zwahlen, David W Altchek, Todd A Zimmerman
PURPOSE: Posterior elbow impingement can cause disabling pain and limited motion during activities involving elbow extension. Less understood is whether arthroscopic treatment, compared to open surgery, can result in effective management of pain, loss of range of motion, and return athletes to previous levels of activity. This study determined whether arthroscopic debridement is a safe and effective treatment for posterior elbow impingement and whether it enables athletes to return to a previous level of function...
May 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534153/health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-from-cabaret-a-randomized-phase-2-trial-of-carboplatin-and-bevacizumab-in-recurrent-glioblastoma
#8
Kathryn M Field, Madeleine T King, John Simes, David Espinoza, Elizabeth H Barnes, Kate Sawkins, Mark A Rosenthal, Lawrence Cher, Elizabeth Hovey, Helen Wheeler, Anna K Nowak
In recurrent glioblastoma, health-related quality of life (HRQL) is a crucial trial endpoint. We examined HRQL outcomes as a secondary endpoint for patients in the CABARET randomized phase 2 trial. 122 patients were randomly allocated to bevacizumab monotherapy or bevacizumab plus carboplatin. We calculated change scores from baseline for each HRQL measure on the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) and the Brain Cancer Module (QLQ-BN20), together with time to deterioration in HRQL, and the proportion of participants with clinically meaningful improvements in specific disease-related symptoms...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529977/judgment-of-the-quality-of-restorative-care-as-predictors-of-restoration-retreatment-findings-from-the-national-dental-pbrn
#9
J L Riley, G H Gilbert, G W Ford, J L Fellows, B Rindal, V V Gordan
The primary aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a patient's subjective assessments of the dentist's technical competence, quality of care, and anticipated restoration longevity during a restorative visit are predictive of restoration outcome. This prospective cohort study involved 3,326 patients who received treatment for a defective restoration in a permanent tooth, participated in a baseline patient satisfaction survey, and returned for follow-up. Of the 4,400 restorations that were examined by 150 dentists, 266 (6%) received additional treatment after baseline...
April 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528279/first-validation-of-the-gout-activity-score-against-gout-impact-scale-in-a-primary-care-based-gout-cohort
#10
Jonathan La-Crette, Wendy Jenkins, Gwen Fernandes, Ana M Valdes, Michael Doherty, Abhishek Abhishek
OBJECTIVES: To validate the gout activity score (GAS) against the gout impact scale in a primary care based gout cohort. METHODS: This was a single-centre cross-sectional study. People with gout who participated in previous research at Academic Rheumatology, University of Nottingham, UK, and consented for participation in future studies were mailed a questionnaire in September 2015. Those returning completed questionnaires were invited to attend for a study visit at which blood was collected and musculoskeletal examination was performed...
May 17, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527847/self-repaired-process-of-a-traumatized-maxillary-central-incisor-with-pulp-infarct-after-horizontal-root-fracture-monitored-by-laser-doppler-flowmetry-combined-with-tissue-oxygen-monitor
#11
Qian Liao, Wenjun Ye, Junli Yue, Xiaoxi Zhao, Ling Zhang, Lan Zhang, Dingming Huang, Qinghua Zheng
Achieving a precise diagnosis of the pulp status of traumatized teeth is difficult. The time to interfere through endodontic treatment for these teeth is greatly dependent on the doctor's experience. A 24-year-old male patient suffered a traumatic injury to tooth #9 that resulted in an apical root horizontal fracture 3 days before he came to the hospital. The injured tooth showed no response to pulp sensitivity testing at the first visit and was discolored 1 week later. Tooth #9 was immobilized to its adjacent teeth for 4 weeks by a composite splint...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527643/parental-knowledge-and-recall-of-concussion-discharge-instructions
#12
Danny George Thomas, Lia Bradley, Ashley Servi, Suzanne Reilly, Jennifer Niskala Apps, Michael McCrea, Thomas Hammeke
INTRODUCTION: Children increasingly are being seen in the emergency department for a concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). A key aim of the ED visit is to provide discharge advice that can help parents to identify an evolving neurosurgical crisis, facilitate recovery, and prevent reinjury. The present study examined parents' knowledge of symptoms and recall of discharge instructions after their adolescent's mTBI and the effect of supplementing written discharge instructions with verbal instruction and reinforcement...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526661/the-parasol-protocol-an-implementation-science-study-of-hiv-continuum-of-care-interventions-for-gay-men-and-transgender-women-in-burma-myanmar
#13
Andrea L Wirtz, Soe Naing, Emily Clouse, Kaung Htet Thu, Sandra Hsu Hnin Mon, Zin Min Tun, Stefan Baral, Aung Zayar Paing, Chris Beyrer
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve HIV diagnosis and antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation among people living with HIV and reduce onward transmission of HIV rely on innovative interventions along multiple steps of the HIV care continuum. These innovative methods are particularly important for key populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TW). The HIV epidemic in Myanmar is concentrated among key populations, and national efforts now focus on reducing stigma and improving engagement of MSM and TW in HIV prevention and care...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526463/-the-practice-of-postanesthesia-visits-a-questionnaire-study
#14
Tobias Fink, Hauke Rensing, Thomas Volk, Ragnar Huhn, Alexander M Mathes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Regular postanesthesia visits allow the detection of anesthesia related complications and increase patient satisfaction. Consequently, the performance of postanesthesia visits has been recommended after certain types of anesthesia. However, no data is available concerning the current practice of postanesthesia visits. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate quantity, organization, contents, significance and problems of postanesthesia visits in Germany...
May 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521519/improving-primary-care-provider-practices-in-youth-concussion-management
#15
Kristy B Arbogast, Allison E Curry, Kristina B Metzger, Ronni S Kessler, Jeneita M Bell, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Mark R Zonfrillo, Matthew J Breiding, Christina L Master
Primary care providers are increasingly providing youth concussion care but report insufficient time and training, limiting adoption of best practices. We implemented a primary care-based intervention including an electronic health record-based clinical decision support tool ("SmartSet") and in-person training. We evaluated consequent improvement in 2 key concussion management practices: (1) performance of a vestibular oculomotor examination and (2) discussion of return-to-learn/return-to-play (RTL/RTP) guidelines...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518220/postdonation-iron-replacement-for-maintaining-iron-stores-in-female-whole-blood-donors-in-routine-donor-practice-results-of-two-feasibility-studies-in-australia
#16
Sant-Rayn Pasricha, Denese C Marks, Hannah Salvin, Tania Brama, Anthony J Keller, Joanne Pink, Joanna Speedy
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency represents a risk to donor health and the blood supply. Efficacy trials indicate that postdonation iron replacement improves iron stores but they do not account for complexities of implementation in the routine collection context. We therefore conducted two prospective feasibility studies in Australian donor centers. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In both studies we recruited female donors between 18 and 45 years who had made at least one donation in the previous 12 months...
May 18, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515816/impact-of-smartphone-digital-photography-email-and-media-communication-on-emergency-room-visits-post-hypospadias-repair
#17
Michael E Chua, Megan A Saunders, Paul R Bowlin, Jessica M Ming, Roberto Iglesias Lopes, Walid A Farhat, Joana Dos Santos
INTRODUCTION: Advances in communication technology are shaping our medical practice. To date, there is no clear evidence that this mode of communication will have any effect on unnecessary postoperative emergency room (ER) visits. We aim to evaluate the effect of email and media communication with application of smartphone digital photography on post-hypospadias repair ER visit rates. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included all patients who underwent hypospadias repair performed by a single surgeon from October 2014 to November 2015...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511472/short-term-unscheduled-revisits-to-paediatric-emergency-department-a-six-year-data
#18
Onder Kilicaslan, Feruza Turan Sönmez, Harun Gunes, Ramazan Cahit Temizkan, Kenan Kocabay, Ayhan Saritas
INTRODUCTION: Reviewing the reasons for return visits within 24 hours is a very important method of determining possible problems of emergency health care. Several causes stay behind unscheduled emergency return visits. Therefore, identifying these factors is crucial to set strategies in order to decrease the number of unnecessary visits. AIM: To define the characteristics of the patients returning to the Paediatric Emergency Department (PED) within 24 hours via determining rate, number and demographic data of patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508980/an-adult-case-of-severe-steroid-resistant-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis-treated-with-intravenous-cyclophosphamide-and-tonsillectomy
#19
Emi Sasaki, Maki Shibata, Asami Kato, Naoto Hamano, Takashi Katsuki, Manami Tada, Fumihiko Hinoshita
A previously healthy 37-year-old Canadian man living in Japan visited a hospital in Thailand while traveling because of edematous legs, purpura, arthralgia, bloody stool, and fever after an insect bite. Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) was suspected. His creatinine level was 5.2 mg/dL. He was treated with oral prednisolone (PSL) and oral cyclophosphamide (CPA); after treatment, his creatinine level improved to 2.4 mg/dL. Upon returning to Japan, he was admitted to the National Center for Global Health and Medicine Hospital in Tokyo...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506974/assessment-of-reimbursement-in-a-community-hospital-based-pharmacist-managed-outpatient-transition-clinic
#20
Jinjie Huang, Ruthan Tattersall, Kristin Morse, Julia Nickerson-Troy, Elizabeth Clements, Lindsay Celauro, Amanda Lovell
PURPOSE: The assessment of reimbursement for and time spent on patient visits in a newly implemented, outpatient pharmacist-managed transition clinic (TC) was studied. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on clinic visits that occurred during January 1 to December 31, 2015. Patients who had at least one TC visit during the study period were included. Any visit with no response from insurance by March 31, 2016, was excluded. Services provided by the TC were billed using a facility fee billing model...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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