keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pro- inflammatory diet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920417/effects-of-deoxynivalenol-and-zearalenone-contaminated-feed-on-the-gene-expression-profiles-in-the-kidneys-of-piglets
#1
Kondreddy Eswar Reddy, Woong Lee, Jin Young Jeong, Yookyung Lee, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Min Seok Kim, Dong-Woon Kim, Dongjo Yu, Ara Cho, Young Kyoon Oh, Sung Dae Lee
Objective: Fusarium mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN), common contaminants in the feed of farm animals, cause immune function impairment and organ inflammation. Consequently, the main objective of this study was to elucidate DON and ZEN effects on the mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and other immune related genes in the kidneys of piglets. Methods: Fifteen 6-week-old piglets were randomly assigned to three dietary treatments for 4 weeks: control diet, and diets contaminated with either 8 mg DON/kg feed or 0...
September 18, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915571/p62-plasmid-can-alleviate-diet-induced-obesity-and-metabolic-dysfunctions
#2
Tatiana Halenova, Oleksii Savchuk, Ludmila Ostapchenko, Andrey Chursov, Nathan Fridlyand, Andrey B Komissarov, Franco Venanzi, Sergey I Kolesnikov, Albert A Sufianov, Michael Y Sherman, Vladimir L Gabai, Alexander M Shneider
A high-calorie diet (HCD) induces two mutually exacerbating effects contributing to diet-induced obesity (DIO): impaired glucose metabolism and increased food consumption. A link between the metabolic and behavioral manifestations is not well understood yet. We hypothesized that chronic inflammation induced by HCD plays a key role in linking together the two components of diet-induced pathology. Based on this hypothesis, we tested if a plasmid (DNA vaccine) encoding p62 (SQSTM1) would alleviate DIO including its metabolic and/or food consumption abnormalities...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914811/leptolide-improves-insulin-resistance-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#3
Pablo Villa-Pérez, Mercedes Cueto, Ana R Díaz-Marrero, Carmen D Lobatón, Alfredo Moreno, Germán Perdomo, Irene Cózar-Castellano
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a complex disease linked to pancreatic beta-cell failure and insulin resistance. Current antidiabetic treatment regimens for T2DM include insulin sensitizers and insulin secretagogues. We have previously demonstrated that leptolide, a member of the furanocembranolides family, promotes pancreatic beta-cell proliferation in mice. Considering the beneficial effects of leptolide in diabetic mice, in this study, we aimed to address the capability of leptolide to improve insulin resistance associated with the pathology of obesity...
September 15, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912008/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-relationship-with-depressive-symptoms-anxiety-and-well-being-in-adults
#4
Catherine M Phillips, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Ivan J Perry
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relationship between diet, inflammation and mental health is of increasing interest. However, limited data regarding the role of dietary inflammatory potential in this context exist. Therefore the aim of this work was to examine associations between the inflammatory potential of habitual diet and mental health outcomes in a cross-sectional sample of 2047 adults (50.8% female). METHODS: Diet was assessed using a self-completed food frequency questionnaire from which dietary inflammatory index (DII(®)) scores were determined...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899857/high-fat-high-fructose-high-cholesterol-feeding-causes-severe-nash-and-cecal-microbiota-dysbiosis-in-juvenile-ossabaw-swine
#5
Matthew R Panasevich, Grace M Meers, Melissa A Linden, Frank W Booth, James W Perfield, Kevin L Fritsche, Umesh D Wankhade, Sree V Chintapalli, Kartik Shankar, J A Ibdah, R Scott Rector
Pediatric obesity and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are on the rise in industrialized countries, yet our ability to mechanistically examine this relationship is limited by the lack of a suitable higher animal model. Here, we examined the effects of high fat, high fructose corn syrup, high cholesterol Western style diet (WD)-induced obesity on NASH and cecal microbiota dysbiosis in juvenile Ossabaw swine. Juvenile female Ossabaw swine (5 weeks old) were fed WD (43.0% fat; 17.8% high fructose corn syrup; 2% cholesterol) or low-fat diet (CON/lean; 10...
September 12, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899400/impact-of-combined-sodium-chloride-and-saturated-long-chain-fatty-acid-challenge-on-the-differentiation-of-t-helper-cells-in-neuroinflammation
#6
Anna Hammer, Anne Schliep, Stefanie Jörg, Aiden Haghikia, Ralf Gold, Markus Kleinewietfeld, Dominik N Müller, Ralf A Linker
BACKGROUND: There has been a marked increase in the incidence of autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) in the last decades which is most likely driven by a change in environmental factors. Here, growing evidence suggests that ingredients of a Western diet like high intake of sodium chloride (NaCl) or saturated fatty acids may impact systemic immune responses, thus increasing disease susceptibility. Recently, we have shown that high dietary salt or long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) intake indeed aggravates T helper (Th) cell responses and neuroinflammation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894050/compounds-of-psoriasis-with-obesity-and-overweight
#7
Agnieszka Owczarczyk-Saczonek, Waldemar Placek
Many epidemiological studies have confirmed the relationship of obesity and psoriasis, and it is believed that obesity is an independent risk factor for its development and is associated with a worse prognosis. Furthermore, the reduction of body weight, using low-calorie diet combined with exercise, reduces the severity of psoriasis.Visceral adipose tissue is the largest endocrine organ, producing proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-17) and adipokines (adiponectin, omentin, chemerin). They participate in the development of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, diabetes, and consequently of the cardiovascular diseases...
August 24, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890700/dietary-capsaicin-improves-glucose-homeostasis-and-alters-the-gut-microbiota-in-obese-diabetic-ob-ob-mice
#8
Jun-Xian Song, Hui Ren, Yuan-Feng Gao, Chong-You Lee, Su-Fang Li, Feng Zhang, Long Li, Hong Chen
Background: The effects of capsaicin on obesity and glucose homeostasis are still controversial and the mechanisms underlying these effects remain largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the potential relationship between the regulation of obesity and glucose homeostasis by dietary capsaicin and the alterations of gut microbiota in obese diabetic ob/ob mice. Methods: The ob/ob mice were subjected to a normal, low-capsaicin (0.01%), or high-capsaicin (0.02%) diet for 6 weeks, respectively. Obesity phenotypes, glucose homeostasis, the gut microbiota structure and composition, short-chain fatty acids, gastrointestinal hormones, and pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887111/impairment-of-gill-structural-integrity-by-manganese-deficiency-or-excess-related-to-induction-of-oxidative-damage-apoptosis-and-dysfunction-of-the-physical-barrier-as-regulated-by-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-caspase-and-nrf2-signaling-in-fish
#9
Wei-Dan Jiang, Ren-Jun Tang, Yang Liu, Pei Wu, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Jun Jiang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Lin Feng
This study is for the first time to explore the possible effects of dietary manganese (Mn) on structural integrity and the related signaling in the gills of fish. Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) were fed with six diets containing graded levels of Mn [3.65-27.86 mg Mn/kg diet] for 8 weeks. The results firstly demonstrated that Mn deficiency aggravated inflammation indicated by up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines (tumour necrosis factor α, interleukin 8, and interleukin 1β mRNA levels) and down-regulation of anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 10, transforming growth factor-β1) mRNA levels, which might be partially related to the up-regulation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB p65) and down-regulation of nuclear inhibitor factor κBα (iκBα) mRNA levels in the gills of fish...
September 6, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883756/sodium-butyrate-has-context-dependent-actions-on-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-and-other-metabolic-parameters
#10
Eun-Sol Lee, Dong-Sung Lee, Prakash Raj Pandeya, Youn-Chul Kim, Dae-Gil Kang, Ho-Sub Lee, Byung-Chul Oh, Dae Ho Lee
Sodium butyrate (SB) has various metabolic actions. However, its effect on dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) needs to be studied further. We aimed to evaluate the metabolic actions of SB, considering its physiologically relevant concentration. We evaluated the effect of SB on regulation of DPP-4 and its other metabolic actions, both in vitro (HepG2 cells and mouse mesangial cells) and in vivo (high fat diet [HFD]-induced obese mice). Ten-week HFD-induced obese C57BL/6J mice were subjected to SB treatment by adding SB to HFD which was maintained for an additional 16 weeks...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882805/suppressor-of-cytokine-signaling-3-socs3-is-related-to-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-production-and-triglyceride-deposition-in-turbot-scophthalmus-maximus
#11
Peng Tan, Mo Peng, Dongwu Liu, Huarong Guo, Kangsen Mai, Rui Nian, Benoit Macq, Qinghui Ai
Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) is an economically important fish that is farmed by aquaculture for human consumption. Aquacultured turbot are commonly fed a high lipid diet; however, this diet causes excessive lipid deposition and the overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Studies in mammals have indicated that a relationship exists between pro-inflammatory cytokine overexpression and altered lipid metabolism through the activation of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3). In this study, we investigated the relationship between SOCS3 and triglyceride (TG) deposition and mechanism of SOCS3 activation in farmed turbot fed high-lipid diet (HLD)...
September 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882791/effects-of-organic-acids-and-essential-oils-blend-on-growth-gut-microbiota-immune-response-and-disease-resistance-of-pacific-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei-against-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#12
Wangquan He, Samad Rahimnejad, Ling Wang, Kai Song, Kangle Lu, Chunxiao Zhang
An 8-week feeding trial was undertaken to evaluate supplemental effects of AviPlus(®) (AP), a blend of organic acids [citric acid, 25%; sorbic acid, 16.7%] and essential oils [thymol, 1.7%; vanillin, 1.0%], on growth, gut microbiota, innate immunity and disease resistance of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) against Vibrio parahaemolyticus. A basal experimental diet was formulated and supplemented with 0, 0.3, 0.6, 0.9 and 1.2 g kg(-1) AP to produce five test diets (Con, AP0.3, AP0.6, AP0.9 and AP1...
September 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880739/methionine-supplemented-diet-affects-the-expression-of-cardiovascular-disease-related-genes-and-increases-inflammatory-cytokines-in-mice-heart-and-liver
#13
Alexandre Ferro Aissa, Catia Lira do Amaral, Vinicius Paula Venancio, Carla da Silva Machado, Lívia Cristina Hernandes, Patrick Wellington da Silva Santos, Rui Curi, Maria de Lourdes Pires Bianchi, Lusânia Maria Greggi Antunes
Some important environmental factors that influence the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) include tobacco, excess alcohol, and unhealthy diet. Methionine obtained from the diet participates in the synthesis of DNA, proteins, lipids and affects homocysteine levels, which is associated with the elevated risk for CVD development. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the manner in which dietary methionine might affect cellular mechanisms underlying CVD occurrence. Swiss albino mice were fed either control (0...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874144/circadian-disruption-promotes-tumor-growth-by-anabolic-host-metabolism-experimental-evidence-in-a-rat-model
#14
Natalí N Guerrero-Vargas, Raful Navarro-Espíndola, Mara A Guzmán-Ruíz, María Del Carmen Basualdo, Estefania Espitia-Bautista, Ana López-Bago, Ricardo Lascurain, Cinthya Córdoba-Manilla, Ruud M Buijs, Carolina Escobar
BACKGROUND: Light at night creates a conflicting signal to the biological clock and disrupts circadian physiology. In rodents, light at night increases the risk to develop mood disorders, overweight, disrupted energy metabolism, immune dysfunction and cancer. We hypothesized that constant light (LL) in rats may facilitate tumor growth via disrupted metabolism and increased inflammatory response in the host, inducing a propitious microenvironment for tumor cells. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were exposed to LL or a regular light-dark cycle (LD) for 5 weeks...
September 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873429/cd18-deficiency-improves-liver-injury-in-the-mcd-model-of-steatohepatitis
#15
Andrew A Pierce, Caroline C Duwaerts, Kevin Siao, Aras N Mattis, Amanda Goodsell, Jody L Baron, Jacquelyn J Maher
Neutrophils and macrophages are important constituents of the hepatic inflammatory infiltrate in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. These innate immune cells express CD18, an adhesion molecule that facilitates leukocyte activation. In the context of fatty liver, activation of infiltrated leukocytes is believed to enhance hepatocellular injury. The objective of this study was to determine the degree to which activated innate immune cells promote steatohepatitis by comparing hepatic outcomes in wild-type and CD18-mutant mice fed a methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872362/ferulic-acid-but-not-alpha-lipoic-acid-effectively-protects-thp-1-derived-macrophages-from-oxidant-and-pro-inflammatory-response-to-lps
#16
Izabela Szulc-Kielbik, Michal Kielbik, Magdalena Klink
OBJECTIVE: The diet supplementation with antioxidants-rich products is a way to protect people from free radical-induced diseases. In this study, we compare the anti-inflammatory/antioxidant activity of two compounds available as supplements: alpha lipoic acid (ALA) and ferulic acid (FA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The free radical scavenging capacity of ALA and FA in the cell free system was evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. Anti-inflammatory activity of both compounds was determined, in vitro, on THP-1 derived macrophages model, both resting (not stimulated) and inflammatory (lipopolysaccharide- or tumor-necrosis factor α-stimulated)...
September 5, 2017: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866802/effects-of-a-high-fat-diet-on-adipose-tissue-cd8-t-cells-in-young-vs-adult-mice
#17
Lijun Dong, Yao Zhang, Li Yang, Guoyan Liu, Jianping Ye, Hui Wang
T cells are involved in chronic inflammation of adipose tissue in obese conditions. However, the impact of age on the adipose T cells remains unknown. In this study, we investigated T cells in the white adipose tissue of young and adult mice. Obesity was induced in the mice using a high-fat diet (HFD) for 14 weeks. The young mice were fed an HFD at 3 weeks old, and adult mice were fed the HFD at 12 weeks old. Relative to adult mice, the young mice gained less fat and exhibited better glucose tolerance. Their adipose tissue contained more CD8+ T cells and higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines...
September 2, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859108/obesity-associated-metabolic-syndrome-spontaneously-induces-infiltration-of-pro-inflammatory-macrophage-in-synovium-and-promotes-osteoarthritis
#18
Antonia RuJia Sun, Sunil K Panchal, Thor Friis, Sunderajhan Sekar, Ross Crawford, Lindsay Brown, Yin Xiao, Indira Prasadam
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological and experimental studies have established obesity to be an important risk factor for osteoarthritis (OA), however, the mechanisms underlying this link remains largely unknown. Here, we studied local inflammatory responses in metabolic-OA. METHODS: Wistar rats were fed with control diet (CD) and high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet (HCHF) for period of 8 and 16 weeks. After euthanasia, the knees were examined to assess the articular cartilage changes and inflammation in synovial membrane...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855204/regulation-of-macrophage-apoptosis-and-atherosclerosis-by-lipid-induced-pkc%C3%AE-isoform-activation
#19
Qian Li, Kyoungmin Park, Yu Xia, Motonobu Matsumoto, Weier Qi, Jialin Fu, Hisashi Yokomizo, Mogher Khamaisi, Xuanchun Wang, Christian Rask-Madsen, George L King
Rationale: Activation of monocytes/macrophages by hyperlipidemia associated with diabetes and obesity contributes to the development of atherosclerosis. PKCδ expression and activity in monocytes were increased by hyperlipidemia and diabetes with unknown consequences to atherosclerosis. Objective: To investigate the effect of PKCδ activation in macrophages on the severity of atherosclerosis. Methods and Results: PKCδ expression and activity were increased in Zucker diabetic rats. Mice with selective deletion of PKCδ in macrophages were generated by breeding PKCδ flox/flox mice with LyzM-Cre and ApoE(-/-) mice (MPKCδKO/ApoE(-/-) mice) and studied in atherogenic (AD) and very high fat diet (HFD)...
August 30, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844958/growth-arrest-and-dna-damage-inducible-45%C3%AE-protects-against-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-induced-by-methionine-and-choline-deficient-diet
#20
Naoki Tanaka, Shogo Takahashi, Xiao Hu, Lu Yu, Naoyuki Fujimori, Srujana Golla, Zhong-Ze Fang, Toshifumi Aoyama, Kristopher W Krausz, Frank J Gonzalez
Growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible 45 α (Gadd45α) is a stress-inducible protein that plays an important role in cell survival/death and DNA repair, but its contribution to the development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has not been investigated. C57BL/6 Gadd45a-null and wild-type (WT) mice were treated with methionine- and choline-deficient diet (MCD) for eight weeks and phenotypic changes examined. Gadd45a-null mice had more severe hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, higher levels of mRNAs encoding pro-inflammatory, pro-fibrotic, and pro-apoptotic proteins, and greater oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress compared with WT mice...
August 24, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
keyword
keyword
92328
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"