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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326443/aesthetic-possibilities-in-removable-prosthodontics-part-1-the-aesthetic-spectrum-from-perfect-to-personal
#1
J N Besford, A F Sutton
Patients requiring dentures are getting older and as a result can be difficult to treat owing to various co-morbidities. This series of papers presents an overview of the processes involved in making removable dentures which the patient considers to be functionally and aesthetically successful. We hope not only to provide technical suggestions but also to address the issue of the clinician's, technician's and dental nurse's relationships with the dentally depleted patient. It is increasingly clear from defence organisation reports that this has a decisive effect on the success of this fundamentally difficult enterprise ('The only branch of dentistry in which you are trying to attach something to nothing' [Hubert Aïche])...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284975/dental-implants-a-remote-option-in-case-of-somatic-delusion-disorder
#2
Thanvir Mohamed Niazi, G Ulaganathan, S Kalaiselvan, R Lambodharan, R Mahalakshmi, M Sophia, V Usha Giridhar
A 29-year-old female was referred by a psychiatrist for dental implantation and prosthodontic rehabilitation, as she had all her healthy permanent teeth extracted within a span of 2-6 months, due to somatic delusional disorder. She presently refuses artificial dentures and implants with the fear of having worms in her teeth and the fear not yet allayed. The patient cannot be treated for her edentulous state until her psychiatric symptoms are treated. This is the limitation for the implant surgeon where service rendered is impaired in spite of advanced professional skills, ideal patient ridge, and other factors, just where the patient is not mentally prepared for the dental rehabilitation procedures...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258639/quality-assurance-in-custom-dental-devices-a-technologist-s-perspective
#3
Anthony Griffin
Manufacturing of custom-made dental devices such as removable dentures, fixed prosthodontics and orthodontics are subject to the requirements of the Medical Devices Directive (MDD). Many dental laboratories often enhance these requirements by implementing quality assurance procedures that then provide enhanced consistency. this paper provides a dental technologist's view of some of the systems currently being used in dental laboratories to provide a quality assured product and associated issues.
December 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249880/a-comparative-evaluation-of-chewing-efficiency-masticatory-bite-force-and-patient-satisfaction-between-conventional-denture-and-implant-supported-mandibular-overdenture-an-in-vivo-study
#4
Arjun Jawahar Sharma, Rahul Nagrath, Manesh Lahori
Purpose: The purpose of this within-subject crossover clinical trial was to compare and evaluate the chewing efficiency, masticatory bite force, and patient satisfaction with conventional dentures and two implant-retained mandible overdentures after 4 weeks of usage. Method: This within-subject crossover clinical trial was carried out in the Department of Prosthodontics in K.D Dental College and Hospital. A total 15 patients were selected for the study. To report the changes in chewing efficiency by chewing 6gms of peanuts with 40 chewing strokes and comparing the particle size of the chewed material between two implant retained mandibular overdenture with that of conventional denture using micro vu excel gantry type visual measurement machine...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244888/evaluation-of-the-periodontal-status-of-abutment-teeth-in-removable-partial-dentures
#5
André Ricardo Maia Correia, Fábio Daniel da Silva Lobo, Mónica Célia Pereira Miranda, Filipe Miguel Soares Framegas de Araújo, Tiago Miguel Santos Marques
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the use of removable partial dentures affects the periodontal status of abutment teeth. An observational cross-sectional study was done on a sample of patients rehabilitated with removable partial dentures (2010 to 2013). At a recall appointment, a clinical examination was done to collect data related to the rehabilitation and periodontal status of the abutment teeth. Of 145 invited patients, 54 attended the requested follow-up appointment (37.2%). Mean patient age was 59...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142640/evaluation-of-c-albicans-and-s-mutans-adherence-on-different-provisional-crown-materials
#6
Gulsum Sayin Ozel, Mehmet Burak Guneser, Ozgur Inan, Ayce Unverdi Eldeniz
PURPOSE: Bacterial adhesion on provisional crown materials retained for a long time can influence the duration for which permanent prosthetic restorations can be healthily worn in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to compare seven different commonly used provisional crown materials with regard to Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans surface adhesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For each group, twenty specimens of the provisional fixed prosthodontic materials TemDent (Schütz), Imıdent (Imıcryl), Tab 2000 (Kerr), Structur Premium (Voco), Systemp (Ivoclar Vivadent), Acrytemp (Zhermack), and Takilon-BBF (Takilon) were prepared (diameter, 10...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140387/full-mouth-rehabilitation-with-calvarium-bone-grafts-and-dental-implants-for-a-papillon-lef%C3%A3-vre-syndrome-patient-case-report
#7
Bassam M Kinaia, Kristyn Hope, Ahmed Zuhaili, Jean Francois Tulasne
Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of keratinization associated with palmoplantar keratoderma and severe periodontitis resulting in complete edentulism in late adolescence. The pathognomonic dental features of PLS are pathologic migration, hypermobility, and exfoliation of the teeth without any signs of root resorption. It has been suggested that an effective way to treat PLS patients presenting early in the disease progression is extraction of the erupted primary dentition or hopeless permanent teeth followed by antibiotic coverage with periodontal therapy for the remaining teeth...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120113/hygiene-practices-in-removable-prosthodontics-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
S Papadiochou, G Polyzois
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the recent scientific evidence about the hygiene practices of removable prostheses relative to the effectiveness, colour and dimensional stability. This review aimed also to identify patients' attitudes and habits towards denture hygiene. METHODS: Three electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library) were screened, in English language, between January 1995 and December 2016. A supplementary hand search in the reference list of the identified articles was also performed...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104691/complete-dentures-fabricated-with-cad-cam-technology-and-a-traditional-clinical-recording-method
#9
Nadica Janeva, Gordana Kovacevska, Edvard Janev
The introduction of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology into complete denture (CD) fabrication ushered in a new era in removable prosthodontics. Commercially available CAD/CAM denture systems are expected to improve upon the disadvantages associated with conventional fabrication. The purpose of this report is to present the workflow involved in fabricating a CD with a traditional clinical recording method and CAD/CAM technology and to summarize the advantages to the dental practitioner and the patient...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098745/prosthodontic-management-of-a-patient-with-moebius-syndrome-a-clinical-report
#10
Ahmed Mahrous, Ghadeer Thalji
Moebius/Mӧbius Syndrome (MS) is an extremely rare congenital disorder characterized by uni- or bilateral palsy of the abducens (VI) and the facial (VII) nerves, causing facial paralysis. Dysfunction of cranial nerves III through XII is common, most often the glossopharyngeal (IX) and hypoglossus (XII). Afflicted individuals seeking prosthodontic care, particularly removable prosthetics, present multiple challenges related to inherent facial and tongue muscle weakness and microstomia. Other extraoral anomalies may include congenital multiple arthrogryposis and malformations of the upper and lower limbs...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093149/developing-prosthodontic-residents-communication-strategies-with-edentulous-patients-a-pilot-study
#11
Varsha Murthy, K R Sethuraman, Sunayana Choudhury, P Shakila
The aim of this study was to investigate whether prosthodontic residents' attitudes toward provider-client communication would be shaped by a tailor-made communications skills course. In 2016, the pre-intervention attitudes of all six second- and third-year prosthodontic residents in a three-year residency at an academic dental institution in India were assessed using the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS). The residents' performance was then video-recorded while they treated complete denture patients and was analyzed using the Kalamazoo scale, a validated scale for communication skills assessment...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084302/comparison-of-masticatory-and-swallowing-functional-outcomes-in-surgically-and-prosthetically-rehabilitated-maxillectomy-patients
#12
R Sreeraj, Vinod Krishnan, Manju V, Krishnakumar Thankappan
PURPOSE: This study compared masticatory and swallowing functional outcomes in maxillectomy patients who underwent surgical and prosthetic rehabilitation or prosthetic rehabilitation only following surgical resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study involved 20 maxillectomy patients and compared their masticatory and swallowing functions following combined surgical and prosthodontic management vs an exclusively prosthodontic approach...
November 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068604/clinical-factors-in-prosthodontic-treatment-of-children-with-genetic-defects
#13
Natalia Kościelska, Zdzisław Bogucki
BACKGROUND: Prosthodontic treatment of children with genetic disorders is an area that is rarely examined in the current specialist literature. Few prosthodontists will undertake treatment of such patients, who will more often be referred to an orthodontic specialist. After examining the 4 cases of children with genetic disorders described in this paper, it can be concluded that when a prosthodontist includes a few additional procedures in the treatment process, he or she can successfully help such patients...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944366/fixed-vs-removable-complete-arch-implant-prostheses-a-literature-review-of-prosthodontic-outcomes
#14
Charles Goodacre, Brian Goodacre
AIM: To compare implant fixed complete dentures with implant overdentures relative to prosthodontic outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic Medline (PubMed) with MeSH terms, and Cochrane library search was performed, focusing on studies that included implant fixed complete dentures and implant overdentures in the same study, with the results based on studies that included both types of prostheses. RESULTS: The following six categories of comparative studies were identified in the literature: 1) Implant and prosthesis survival; 2) Prosthesis maintenance/complications; 3) Bone changes; 4) Patient satisfaction and quality of life; 5) Cost-effectiveness; and 6) Masticatory performance...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893052/palatogram-a-guide-to-customised-functional-palatal-contour
#15
Sanjay B Lagdive, Rupal J Shah, Dharmendra V Sindha, Kiranbhai Hadiya, Najmunnisha Sabugar
The prime requisite of a sound and holistic prosthodontic rehabilitation from both the patient's and clinician's perspective is to be able to satiate the yardsticks of function, retention, aesthetics and comfort to the fullest. It is thereby astoundingly hard to digest that speech being an indispensably significant function of the complete denture prosthesis, is often seen upon as heedless and inconsiderate by the patient. Adaptability in speech pronunciation of complete denture prosthesis is a subjective phenomenon; cannot be predicted to entirety...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890256/tunable-denture-adhesives-using-biomimetic-principles-for-enhanced-tissue-adhesion-in-moist-environments
#16
Simrone K Gill, Nima Roohpour, Paul D Topham, Brian J Tighe
Nature provides many interesting examples of adhesive strategies. Of particular note, the protein glue secreted by marine mussels delivers high adhesion in wet and dynamic environments owing to existence of catechol moieties. As such, this study focuses on denture fixatives, where a non-zinc-containing commercial-based formulation has been judiciously modified by a biomimetic catechol-inspired polymer, poly(3,4-dihydroxystyrene/styrene-alt-maleic acid) in a quest to modulate adhesive performance. In vitro studies, in a lap-shear configuration, revealed that the catechol-modified components were able to enhance adhesion to both the denture base and hydrated, functional oral tissue mimic, with the resulting mode of failure prominently being adhesive rather than cohesive...
November 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867525/a-customised-digitally-engineered-solution-for-fixed-dental-rehabilitation-in-severe-bone-deficiency-a-new-innovative-line-extension-in-implant-dentistry
#17
Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Rüdiger M Zimmerer, Simon Spalthoff, Philipp Jehn, Philipp-Cornelius Pott, Majeed Rana, Björn Rahlf
OBJECTIVES: Numerous procedures including soft and hard tissue reconstructions are necessary to allow for final implant-borne dental rehabilitation in patients with severe alveolar atrophy or resected jaws. In these cases, customised digitally engineered patient solutions for fixed or removable dental rehabilitation provide an innovative line extension to conventional implant dentistry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A wax-up was performed on plaster models that were scanned by 3D laser...
October 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834052/incidence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-elderly-edentulous-patients-and-the-possible-correlation-of-serum-serotonin-and-apnea-hypopnea-index
#18
Arvind Tripathi, Soumyojeet Bagchi, Juhi Singh, Suryakant Tripathi, Narendra Kumar Gupta, Varun Arora
PURPOSE: To estimate the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in elderly edentulous patients (aged 60-65 years) and investigate a correlation of serum serotonin levels with the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), respiratory effort-related arousal (RERA), and respiratory disturbance index (RDI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 381 elderly completely edentulous patients (307 male, 74 female) aged 60 to 65 years with a history of edentulism of 12 to 15 months, seeking oral rehabilitation at the prosthodontic clinic at Saraswati Dental College & Hospital, Lucknow, India, between January 2014 and January 2016 were enrolled for the present study...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816196/denture-hygiene-knowledge-and-practices-among-complete-denture-wearers-attending-a-postgraduate-dental-institute
#19
Thatapudi Shankar, Snigdha Gowd, Vinay Suresan, Sneha Mantri, Sudhanshu Saxena, Prateek Mishra, Pragya Panday
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the denture hygiene knowledge and practices among patients using complete dentures attending a postgraduate dental hospital in Jabalpur city. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between hygiene knowledge and practices to the denture wearer's gender, education, and income. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire involving the complete denture patients attending the Department of Prosthodontics...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789860/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-subjects-with-implant-supported-prostheses-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Daniel R Reissmann, Michel Dard, Ragna Lamprecht, Julia Struppek, Guido Heydecke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to review the current literature relating to the impact of dental implants on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in edentulous or partially dentate patients. DATA/SOURCES: Systematic literature searches were performed in the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases, using high level MeSH terms. The searches were limited to studies published in English from 1960 to June 11, 2017, reporting OHRQoL outcomes using validated instruments, and having enrolled at least 50 patients...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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