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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925738/psychometric-properties-of-the-saint-louis-university-mental-status-examination
#1
Susan K Shwartz, Robin D Morris, Suzanne Penna
The Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination is a brief screening measure for mild neurocognitive disorder developed for use with veterans. To date, there has been a paucity of research on its psychometric properties. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SLUMS in a referred sample to a specialty clinic. Using a sample of 148 male veterans referred to a Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Clinic for evaluation, the ability of the SLUMS to discriminate between MCI versus Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or no diagnosis was compared to results from a more comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
September 19, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923187/gender-and-racial-ethnic-differences-in-sleep-duration-in-the-north-texas-heart-study
#2
Jessica R Dietch, Daniel J Taylor, Joshua M Smyth, Chul Ahn, Timothy W Smith, Bert N Uchino, Matthew Allison, John M Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: Short sleep duration has been linked with a wide array of poor mental and physical health outcomes. Such risks, however, may be moderated by demographic factors such as gender and race/ethnicity. In a diverse community sample, the current study examined the relationship between gender, race/ethnicity and objectively measured sleep duration, controlling for select potential confounds. METHODS: Participants were 300 community adults (50% female), aged 21 to 70 years, and included 60% non-Hispanic Whites, 15% non-Hispanic Blacks, 19% Hispanic/Latino, and 6% other...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921731/inter-observer-agreement-in-pediatric-cervical-spine-injury-assessment-between-prehospital-and-emergency-department-providers
#3
Lorin R Browne, Hamilton Schwartz, Fahd A Ahmad, Michael Wallendorf, Nathan Kuppermann, E Brooke Lerner, Julie C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Investigators have derived cervical spine injury (CSI) decision support tools from physician observations. There is a need to demonstrate that prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers can use these tools to appropriately determine the need for spinal motion restrictions and make field disposition decisions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter-observer agreement between EMS and emergency department (ED) providers for CSI risk assessment variables and overall gestalt for CSI in children after blunt trauma...
September 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919342/mothers-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-their-young-children-s-development
#4
Jing Sun, Falguni Patel, Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Deborah A Frank, Maureen M Black, Mariana Chilton
INTRODUCTION: This study examined how mothers' Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) relate to their children's developmental risk and assessed how the association is mediated through mothers' depressive symptoms and fair/poor health. METHODS: Mothers of children aged between 4 months and 4 years were recruited from the emergency department of a children's hospital between March 2012 and June 2015 and interviewed about ACEs, mothers' depressive symptoms and health status, and children's developmental risk (screened via Parents' Evaluations of Developmental Status [PEDS])...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917115/comparisons-of-depression-anxiety-well-being-and-perceptions-of-the-built-environment-amongst-adults-seeking-social-intermediate-and-market-rent-accommodation-in-the-former-london-olympic-athletes-village
#5
Bina Ram, Aparna Shankar, Claire M Nightingale, Billie Giles-Corti, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Steven Cummins, Daniel Lewis, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) study provides a unique opportunity to examine differences in mental health and well-being amongst adults seeking social, intermediate (affordable rent), and market-rent housing in a purpose built neighbourhood (East Village, the former London 2012 Olympic Athletes' Village), specifically designed to encourage positive health behaviours. Multi-level logistic regression models examined baseline differences in levels of depression, anxiety and well-being across the housing groups...
September 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916860/the-effect-of-migration-on-social-capital-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-china
#6
Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Sha Ma, Minmin Jiang, Lu Li
PURPOSE: An estimated 9 million elderly people accompanied their adult children to urban areas in China, raising concerns about their social capital and mental health following re-location. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of migration on social capital and depression among this population. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was applied to recruit the migrant and urban elderly in Hangzhou from May to August, 2013. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews by trained college students using a standardized questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914809/perception-of-radiation-risk-as-a-predictor-of-mid-term-mental-health-after-a-nuclear-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#7
Itaru Miura, Masato Nagai, Masaharu Maeda, Mayumi Harigane, Senta Fujii, Misari Oe, Hirooki Yabe, Yuriko Suzuki, Hideto Takahashi, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
Predictive factors including risk perception for mid-term mental health after a nuclear disaster remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between perceived radiation risk and other factors at baseline and mid-term mental health after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster of 2011 in Japan. A mail-based questionnaire survey was conducted in January 2012 and January 2013. Mental health status was assessed using the K6 scale. Psychological distress over the 2-year period was categorized into the following four groups: chronic, recovered, resistant, or worsened...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#8
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910949/-china-hainan-centenarian-cohort-study-study-design-and-preliminary-results
#9
Y He, F X Luan, Y Yao, S S Yang, H G Xie, J Li, M Liu, J H Wang, L Wu, Q Zhu, X P Chen, C X Ning, L N Wang, X Y Li, S B Zhang, F Zhang, Y L Zhao
Objective: To investigate the health status, functional ability, mental psychology, health care and other longevity-related characteristics of individuals aged ≥100 years as well as risk factors in Hainan province, China. Methods: China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study (CHCCS) is a community-based, prospective cohort study to establish multi-dimensional database consisting of questionnaire findings, anthropometric parameters and biological specimens as well as imaging features. With the household registration information provided by the Department of Civil Affairs of Hainan province, a baseline survey was conducted in centenarians in 18 counties in Hainan with the oldest old in 5 counties as controls between 2014 and 2017...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910189/associations-among-omega-3-fatty-acid-status-anxiety-and-mental-toughness-in-female-collegiate-athletes
#10
Patrick B Wilson, Leilani A Madrigal
OBJECTIVE: Poor omega-3 fatty acid status has been linked to anxiety in the general population, but scarce data are available describing omega-3 fatty acid levels in athletes and their associations with anxiety and mental toughness. METHODS: Whole blood samples were obtained from 54 female collegiate athletes and analyzed for fatty acids as a part of this cross-sectional observational study. Participants also completed a food frequency questionnaire on the intake of omega-3 fatty acids, as well as the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Sport Anxiety Scale (SAS)-2, and Mental Toughness Scale (MTS)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910185/examining-the-effects-of-art-therapy-on-reoccurring-tobacco-use-in-a-taiwanese-youth-population-a-mixed-method-study
#11
Rei-Mei Hong, Su-Er Guo, Chun-Sheng Huang, Cheng Yin
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a primary risk factor affecting mental and physical health worldwide. Many chronic diseases are closely related to smoking. Adolescents in Taiwan are increasingly using tobacco, especially in rural areas. OBJECTIVES: This research project used a mixed-method study to examine the effects of art therapy on smoking cessation in rural Taiwanese youth smokers. METHODS: Participants from years 10-11, were drawn from three senior high schools in Taiwan...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910124/paid-sick-leave-and-psychological-distress-an-analysis-of-u-s-workers
#12
Patricia Stoddard-Dare, LeaAnne DeRigne, Cyleste C Collins, Linda M Quinn, Kimberly Fuller
Paid sick leave is increasingly identified as a social justice issue having important implications for health and wellness; however, little is known about its relationship to mental health. Data from the 2015 cross section of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS; 2015) were used to examine the relationship between paid sick leave and psychological distress during the last 30 days among N = 17,897 working United States adults. The 6-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6), a valid and reliable instrument for assessing psychological distress in population based samples, was used to measure the outcome variable of interest...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905636/the-role-of-leisure-activities-in-the-relationship-between-marital-transition-in-later-midlife-and-psychological-well-being-trajectories
#13
Yi-Han Hu, Ching-Ju Chiu, Jen D Wong, Dai-Chan Lin, Linda A Wray
This study examined the levels and rates of changes in psychological well-being for middle-aged adults of different statuses or marital transitions. The moderating effects of different leisure activities were also tested. Longitudinal data on 1,270 persons aged 50 to 65 years at baseline from the Taiwan longitudinal study on aging were analyzed. Adults who were stably unmarried or unpartnered reported worse mental health at baseline, but their psychological well-being improved over time. The trajectory of depressive symptoms fluctuated markedly in adults who became widowed during our observation period...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904594/psychological-well-being-in-italian-families-an-exploratory-approach-to-the-study-of-mental-health-across-the-adult-life-span-in-the-blue-zone
#14
Paul Kenneth Hitchcott, Maria Chiara Fastame, Jessica Ferrai, Maria Pietronilla Penna
Self-reported measures of psychological well-being and depressive symptoms were examined across differently aged family members, while controlling for the impact of marital status and personal satisfaction about family and non-family relations. Twenty-one grandchildren (i.e., ages 21-36 years) were recruited with their parents (i.e., 48-66 years old) and grandparents (i.e., 75-101 years of age) in the 'blue zone' of Ogliastra, an Italian area known for the longevity of its inhabitants. Each participant was individually presented a battery of questionnaires assessing their lifestyle and several perceived mental health indices, including the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS, Tennant et al...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903792/the-relationship-between-competence-and-patient-outcome-with-low-intensity-cognitive-behavioural-interventions
#15
Amanda Branson, Pamela Myles, Mishka Mahdi, Roz Shafran
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about the relationship between therapist competence and the outcomes of patients treated for common mental health disorders. Furthermore, the evidence is yet to extend to competence in the delivery of low-intensity cognitive behavioural interventions. Understanding this relationship is essential to the dissemination and implementation of low-intensity cognitive behavioural interventions. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between Psychological Well-being Practitioner (PWP) competence and patient outcome within the framework of the British government's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) initiative...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899429/amyloid-independent-atrophy-patterns-predict-time-to-progression-to-dementia-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#16
Mara Ten Kate, Frederik Barkhof, Pieter Jelle Visser, Charlotte E Teunissen, Philip Scheltens, Wiesje M van der Flier, Betty M Tijms
BACKGROUND: Amyloid pathology in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an important risk factor for progression to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease. Predicting the onset of dementia is challenging even in the presence of amyloid, as time to progression varies considerably among patients and depends on the onset of neurodegeneration. Survival analysis can account for variability in time to event, but has not often been applied to MRI measurements beyond singular predefined brain regions such as the hippocampus...
September 12, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898964/comparison-of-clinic-models-for-patients-with-work-related-asthma
#17
J C Lipszyc, F Silverman, D L Holness, G M Liss, K L Lavoie, S M Tarlo
Background: Work-related asthma (WRA) is a prevalent occupational lung disease that is associated with undesirable effects on psychological status, quality of life (QoL), workplace activity and socioeconomic status. Previous studies have also indicated that clinic structure may impact outcomes among patients with asthma. Aims: To identify the impact of clinic structure on psychological status, QoL, workplace limitations and socioeconomic status of patients with WRA among two different tertiary clinic models...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898963/job-demands-resources-and-mental-health-in-uk-prison-officers
#18
G Kinman, A J Clements, J Hart
Background: Research findings indicate that working as a prison officer can be highly stressful, but the aspects of work that predict their mental health status are largely unknown. Aims: To examine, using elements of the demands-resources model, the extent to which work pressure and several potential resources (i.e. control, support from managers and co-workers, role clarity, effective working relationships and positive change management) predict mental health in a sample of UK prison officers...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898175/an-unusual-presentation-of-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-and-an-example-of-how-hickam-s-dictum-and-ockham-s-razor-can-both-be-right
#19
Eli S Neiman, Amtul Farheen, Nancy Gadallah, Thomas Steineke, Peter Parsells, Zev A Kizelnik, Michael Rosenberg
Patients can have more than one neurological problem, and sorting out acute from chronic disease can be challenging. The authors report a middle-aged patient who presented with ataxia, right hemiparesis, and abnormal nystagmus. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a Chiari and an arachnoid cyst with brainstem compression that appeared to explain his abnormal examination. Shortly after admission, he was noted to have intermittent abnormal behavior and confusion. History from family revealed significant acute and chronic psychiatric problems that appeared to explain his abnormal mental status; this delayed the diagnosis of intermittent complex partial seizures...
2017: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895491/preliminary-validation-of-the-whodas-2-0-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Deborah Snell, Grant L Iverson, William Panenka, Noah D Silverberg
The purpose of this study is to examine the reliability, factor structure, and validity of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0 12-item version) in a sample of patients who were slow to recover from a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Participants were 79 adults with MTBI recruited from one of four specialty outpatient clinics in Vancouver, Canada. The WHODAS 2.0 12-item version is a disease-non-specific measure of disability representing six International Classification of Disability, Functioning, and Health activity and participation domains including cognition, mobility, self-care, interpersonal functioning, life activities, and participation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
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