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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928531/strengthening-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-tuberculosis-prevention-capacity-among-south-african-healthcare-workers-a-mixed-methods-study-of-a-collaborative-occupational-health-program
#1
Alexandre Liautaud, Prince A Adu, Annalee Yassi, Muzimkhulu Zungu, Jerry M Spiegel, Angeli Rawat, Elizabeth A Bryce, Michelle C Engelbrecht
Background: Insufficient training in infection control and occupational health among healthcare workers (HCWs) in countries with high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) burdens requires attention. We examined the effectiveness of a 1-year Certificate Program in Occupational Health and Infection Control conducted in Free State Province, South Africa in an international partnership to empower HCWs to become change agents to promote workplace-based HIV and TB prevention...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926902/self-reported-environmental-health-risks-of-nurses-working-in-hospital-surgical-units
#2
F Azizoğlu, A Köse, H Gül
AIM: This study investigated the occupational health risk factors among nurses who work in public hospital surgical units. BACKGROUND: Nursing has a significant place in healthcare systems around the world. Surgical units are environments with certain risks, especially because of the possibility of exposure to various chemical, biologic or physical hazards. METHODS: This study was conducted with 229 nurses who were working in the 11 surgery units of a big university hospital...
June 21, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925276/exploring-the-impact-of-a-dual-occupancy-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-on-staff-workflow-activity-and-their-perceptions
#3
Margaret Broom, Zsuzsoka Kecskes, Sue Kildea, Anne Gardner
In 2012, a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) transitioned from an open plan (OP) to a dual occupancy (DO) NICU. The DO design aimed to provide a developmental appropriate, family-centered environment for neonates and their families. During planning, staff questioned the impact DO would have on staff workflow and activity. To explore the impact of changing from an OP to a DO NICU, a prospective longitudinal study was undertaken from 2011 to 2014, using observational, time and motion, and surveys methods...
January 1, 2018: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925120/-occupational-therapy-in-orthopedics-and-accident-surgery
#4
Ute Hirsch, Jörg Zobel
Ergotherapy is part of the multidisciplinary treatment concept in the field of orthopedics and trauma surgery. The occupational therapist treats patients together with doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, psychologists, social workers/pedagogues, speech therapists and other professional groups · with congenital malformations,. · with chronic diseases,. · with degenerative diseases,. · after accidental injuries or surgical interventions.. Therapy takes place in terms of client centricity and sees the patient as a full member of the team...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917123/mental-health-nurses-encounters-with-occupational-health-services
#5
J Oates, J Jones, N Drey
Background: Staff well-being is vital to the functioning of the UK National Health Service (NHS). Mental health nurses (MHNs) with personal experience of mental illness can offer a professionally and personally informed insight into the occupational health (OH) service offered by their employer. Aims: To investigate MHNs' views of OH provision in the NHS, based on their personal experience. Methods: A qualitative interview study using a purposive sample of MHNs with personal experience of mental illness...
June 16, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914805/physiotherapy-education-is-a-good-financial-investment-up-to-a-certain-level-of-student-debt-an-inter-professional-economic-analysis
#6
Richard K Shields, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski
QUESTIONS: What is the economic value of a physiotherapy career relative to other healthcare professions? Is the graduate debt reported for physiotherapy manageable according to recommended salary-weighted debt service ratio benchmarks? DESIGN: Net present value (NPV) is an economic modelling approach that compares costs and benefits of an investment such as healthcare education. An economic analysis using the NPV approach was conducted and reported in US dollars for the Doctor of Physical Therapy degree...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909742/promoting-hearing-health
#7
Susan A Randolph
Noise-induced hearing loss is a chronic illness that develops gradually over time. Occupational health nurses can intervene in meaningful ways to promote best practices to prevent hearing loss.
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898674/early-and-late-signs-that-precede-dying-among-older-persons-in-nursing-homes-the-multidisciplinary-team-s-perspective
#8
Helene Åvik Persson, Anna Sandgren, Carl-Johan Fürst, Gerd Ahlström, Lina Behm
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents in Sweden are old, frail and usually have multiple morbidities which often make dying a prolonged suffering. It has been found that older persons at nursing homes receive far less palliative care than younger persons, partly because it is difficult to identify when the final stage of life begins. The identification may help the staff to enable the older person and their families to participate in planning the care in accordance with their own preferences and values...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898581/factors-associated-with-emotional-exhaustion-in-south-korean-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Bum-Sung Choi, Ji Sun Kim, Dong-Woo Lee, Jong-Woo Paik, Boung Chul Lee, Jung Won Lee, Ho-Sung Lee, Hwa-Young Lee
Objective: We examined associations between emotional exhaustion and selected sociodemographic and psychological factors among nurses in inpatient and outpatient nursing units at a university hospital in South Korea. Methods: The participants were 386 nurses who completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, a measure of emotional exhaustion. Psychological characteristics were evaluated, including hardiness, self-esteem, experience of trauma, resilience, perceived stress, and social support...
June 15, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897507/what-consumers-say-about-nursing-homes-in-online-reviews
#10
Caitlyn Kellogg, Yujun Zhu, Valeria Cardenas, Katalina Vazquez, Kayla Johari, Anna Rahman, Susan Enguidanos
Background: Although patient-centered care is an expressed value of our healthcare system, no studies have examined what consumers say in online reviews about nursing homes (NHs). Insight into themes addressed in these reviews could inform improvement efforts that promote patient-centered NH care. Research Design and Methods: We analyzed nursing home (NH) Yelp reviews. From a list of all NHs in California, we drew a purposeful sample of 51 NHs, selecting facilities representing a range of geographical areas and occupancy rates...
April 20, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897023/determinants-of-workplace-injuries-and-violence-among-newly-licensed-rns
#11
Lynn Unruh, Yara Asi
Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. To develop meaningful safety programs, it is important to identify workplace factors that contribute to injuries. This study explored factors that affect injuries in a sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) in Florida. Regressions were run on models in which the dependent variable was the degree to which the respondent had experienced needlesticks, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, cuts or lacerations, contusions, verbal violence, physical violence, and other occupational injuries...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894409/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-preventing-occupational-irritant-hand-dermatitis-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#12
Zoi Papadatou, Hector Williams, Kay Cooper
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify, appraise and synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of moisturizers, barrier creams, protective gloves, skin protection education and complex interventions (a combination of two or more of the interventions listed here) in preventing occupational irritant hand dermatitis (OIHD) in wet workers, comparing each intervention to an alternative intervention or to usual care (workers' regular skin care regimen). INTRODUCTION: The most significant occupational skin problem potentially encountered in wet work occupations is occupational dermatitis...
June 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888514/using-action-research-to-prevent-work-related-illness-among-rubber-farmers-in-northeastern-thailand
#13
Wijitra Sena, Kessarawan Nilvarangkul, Kesinee Saranrittichai, John F Smith, Teerasak Phajan, Sansanee Seetangkham
OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to enhance self-care among rubber farmers for preventing work-related illness. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The project used Action Research's four phase iterative process: fact-finding to understand the problems, action planning, action plan implementation, and evaluation and reflection on action plan impacts. Sixty-six participants (46 rubber farmers and 20 community stakeholders) were purposively recruited from two villages in the top 10 rubber producing provinces in Northeastern Thailand...
June 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882614/drivers-of-international-variation-in-prevalence-of-disabling-low-back-pain-findings-from-the-cupid-study
#14
David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Keith T Palmer, Vanda E Felli, Florencia Harari, Leonardo A Quintana, Sarah A Felknor, Marianela Rojas, Anna Cattrell, Sergio Vargas-Prada, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M Masood Kadir, Sudath Sp Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu-Mkhize, Helen L Kelsall, Helen Harcombe
BACKGROUND: Wide international variation in the prevalence of disabling low back pain (LBP) among working populations is not explained by known risk factors. It would be useful to know whether the drivers of this variation are specific to the spine or factors that predispose to musculoskeletal pain more generally. METHODS: Baseline information about musculoskeletal pain and risk factors was elicited from 11,710 participants aged 20-59 years, who were sampled from 45 occupational groups in 18 countries...
June 8, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879958/exploring-the-characteristics-and-potential-disparities-of-non-migrant-and-migrant-colorectal-cancer-patients-regarding-their-satisfaction-and-subjective-perception-of-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Marja Leonhardt, Katja Aschenbrenner, Martin E Kreis, Johannes C Lauscher
BACKGROUND: Although a fifth of the German population has a migration background, health research regarding this population is scarce. The few existing studies on migrant health show that migrants are faced with restrictions regarding health care due to communication problems, a lack of information and distinct health literacy. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common tumor disease in Germany. The aim of the study is to explore the potential differences in patient characteristics between migrants and non-migrants with CRC and identify possible disparities between migrants and non-migrants regarding their satisfaction and perception with health care...
June 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876121/differences-in-the-performance-of-health-officers-at-the-workplace-according-to-their-qualifications
#16
Yeong-Kwang Kim, Jin-Ha Yoon, Wanhyung Lee, Jihyun Kim, Sung-Shil Lim, Jong-Uk Won
Background: Health officers are an integral part of the occupational health service, and there have been studies to identify and improve the role of health officers in the workplace in order to improve the level of health care in the workplace. This study aimed to determine the contribution of health officers to the role of a health officer as prescribed by law and the percentage of health management work performed during work according to their qualifications. Methods: Questionnaires were distributed to a total of 4584 workplaces where health officers were hired, and a total of 806 copies (17...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875015/experiences-of-frontline-nursing-staff-on-workplace-safety-and-occupational-health-hazards-in-two-psychiatric-hospitals-in-ghana
#17
Robert Kaba Alhassan, Kwabena Adu Poku
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric hospitals need safe working environments to promote productivity at the workplace. Even though occupational health and safety is not completely new to the corporate society, its scope is largely limited to the manufacturing/processing industries which are perceived to pose greater dangers to workers than the health sector. This paper sought to explore the experiences of frontline nursing personnel on the occupational health and safety conditions in two psychiatric hospitals in Ghana...
June 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873523/improving-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-knowledge-in-nurses-and-doctors-impact-of-a-training-intervention
#18
Artur Dalfó-Pibernat, Antoni Dalfó Baqué, Francisco Javier Pelegrina Rodríguez, Olatz Garin, Xavier Duran, Mercè Cladellas Capdevila, Josep Comin Colet
INTRODUCTION: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is fundamental to diagnosing and monitoring arterial hypertension (HTN), yet it is not known how effective training could be in improving knowledge of ABPM. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate ABPM knowledge before and after a training activity. METHODOLOGY: A before-and-after intervention study of 116 professionals. Data was collected on age, sex, occupational category, work setting, and work experience...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871497/self-perceived-end-of-life-care-competencies-of-health-care-providers-at-a-large-academic-medical-center
#19
Marcos Montagnini, Heather M Smith, Deborah M Price, Bidisha Ghosh, Linda Strodtman
BACKGROUND: In the United States, most deaths occur in hospitals, with approximately 25% of hospitalized patients having palliative care needs. Therefore, the provision of good end-of-life (EOL) care to these patients is a priority. However, research assessing staff preparedness for the provision of EOL care to hospitalized patients is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess health-care professionals' self-perceived competencies regarding the provision of EOL care in hospitalized patients...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869851/peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-piccs-and-potential-cost-savings-and-shortened-bed-stays-in-an-acute-hospital-setting
#20
C O'Brien, J McMorrow, E O'Dwyer, P Govender, W C Torreggiani
Peripheral inserted central catheters (PICCs) have increasingly become the mainstay of patients requiring prolonged treatment with antibiotics, transfusions, oncologic IV therapy and total parental nutrition. They may also be used in delivering a number of other medications to patients. In recent years, bed occupancy rates have become hugely pressurized in many hospitals and any potential solutions to free up beds is welcome. Recent introductions of doctor or nurse led intravenous (IV) outpatient based treatment teams has been having a direct effect on early discharge of patients and in some cases avoiding admission completely...
January 10, 2018: Irish Medical Journal
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