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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652722/pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-copd-available-resources-and-utilization-in-swedish-primary-and-secondary-care
#1
Josefin Sundh, Helena Lindgren, Mikael Hasselgren, Scott Montgomery, Christer Janson, Björn Ställberg, Karin Lisspers
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary rehabilitation is effective in all stages of COPD. The availability and utilization of pulmonary rehabilitation resources, and the characteristics of COPD patients receiving rehabilitation, were investigated in primary and secondary care in central Sweden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on available pulmonary rehabilitation resources were collected using questionnaires, to 14 hospitals and 54 primary health care centers, and information on utilization of different rehabilitation professionals was obtained from questionnaires completed by 1,329 COPD patients from the same centers...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651583/challenges-and-potential-improvements-in-the-admission-process-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-a-specialized-rehabilitation-clinic-an-interview-based-qualitative-study-of-an-interdisciplinary-team
#2
Fabian Röthlisberger, Stefan Boes, Sara Rubinelli, Klaus Schmitt, Anke Scheel-Sailer
BACKGROUND: The admission process of patients to a hospital is the starting point for inpatient services. In order to optimize the quality of the health services provision, one needs a good understanding of the patient admission workflow in a clinic. The aim of this study was to identify challenges and potential improvements in the admission process of spinal cord injury patients at a specialized rehabilitation clinic from the perspective of an interdisciplinary team of health professionals...
June 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651530/perspectives-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-a-stroke-rehabilitation-guidelines-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Sarah E P Munce, Ian D Graham, Nancy M Salbach, Susan B Jaglal, Carol L Richards, Janice J Eng, Johanne Desrosiers, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Sharon Wood-Dauphinee, Nicol Korner-Bitensky, Nancy E Mayo, Robert W Teasell, Merrick Zwarenstein, Jennifer Mokry, Sandra Black, Mark T Bayley
BACKGROUND: The Stroke Canada Optimization of Rehabilitation by Evidence Implementation Trial (SCORE-IT) was a cluster randomized controlled trial that evaluated two knowledge translation (KT) interventions for the promotion of the uptake of best practice recommendations for interventions targeting upper and lower extremity function, postural control, and mobility. Twenty rehabilitation centers across Canada were randomly assigned to either the facilitated or passive KT intervention. The objective of the current study was to understand the factors influencing the implementation of the recommended treatments and KT interventions from the perspective of nurses, occupational therapists and physical therapists, and clinical managers following completion of the trial...
June 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#4
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647819/the-italian-version-of-the-opening-minds-stigma-scale-for-healthcare-providers-validation-and-study-on-a-sample-of-bachelor-students
#5
Anne Destrebecq, Paolo Ferrara, Luca Frattini, Francesco Pittella, Gemma Rossano, Giuseppe Striano, Stefano Terzoni, Orsola Gambini
Prejudices on psychiatric disorders frequently turn into stigmatizating attitudes, also among health care providers. The Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) was introduced in 2012 to measure stigma. No Italian versions of this tool exist so far. We wanted to investigate stigma among healthcare students in Italy, and to prepare an Italian version of the scale. A multicentric, cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, and Dietistics students...
June 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644548/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-stimulation-for-activities-of-daily-living-and-functional-ability-in-people-after-stroke
#6
REVIEW
Ryo Momosaki, Naoki Yamada, Erika Ota, Masahiro Abo
BACKGROUND: Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) is a form of therapy that creates painless stimulation of deep muscle structures to improve motor function in people with physical impairment from brain or nerve disorders. Use of rPMS for people after stroke has been identified as a feasible approach to improve activities of daily living and functional ability. However, no systematic reviews have assessed the findings of available trials. The effect and safety of this intervention for people after stroke currently remain uncertain...
June 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641867/motivational-pathways-of-occupational-and-organizational-turnover-intention-among-newly-registered-nurses-in-canada
#7
Claude Fernet, Sarah-Geneviève Trépanier, Mireille Demers, Stéphanie Austin
BACKGROUND: Staff turnover is a major issue for health care systems. In a time of labor shortage, it is critical to understand the motivational factors that underlie turnover intention in newly licensed nurses. PURPOSE: To examine whether different forms of motivation (the reasons for which nurses engage in their work) predict intention to quit the occupation and organization through distinct forms (affective and continuance) and targets (occupation and organization) of commitment...
May 26, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637448/vitamin-d-levels-and-deficiency-with-different-occupations-a-systematic-review
#8
Daniel Sowah, Xiangning Fan, Liz Dennett, Reidar Hagtvedt, Sebastian Straube
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent worldwide, but some groups are at greater risk. We aim to evaluate vitamin D levels in different occupations and identify groups vulnerable to vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: An electronic search conducted in Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and CINAHL Plus with Full Text generated 2505 hits; 71 peer-reviewed articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Occupations investigated included outdoor and indoor workers, shiftworkers, lead/smelter workers, coalminers, and healthcare professionals...
June 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633152/state-of-pelvic-and-acetabular-surgery-in-the-developing-world-a-global-survey-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-at-surgical-implant-generation-network-sign-hospitals
#9
Paul S Whiting, Duane R Anderson, Daniel D Galat, Lewis G Zirkle, Douglas W Lundy, Hassan R Mir
OBJECTIVES: To document the current state of pelvic and acetabular surgery in the developing world and to identify critical areas for improvement in the treatment of these complex injuries. DESIGN: A 50-question online survey. SETTING: International, multicenter. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-one orthopaedic surgeons at Surgical Implant Generation Network (SIGN) hospitals, which represent a cross-section of institutions in low- and middle-income countries that treat high-energy musculoskeletal trauma...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627844/patient-care-in-family-medicine-what-s-new-in-the-2016-literature-findings
#10
Christine Cohidon, Nicolas Senn
During the last two decades in Europe, the scope of activities regarding chronic diseases management in family medicine has increased while technical activities and preventative care have decreased. A new literature review and meta-analysis confirms that the use of electronic health records improves the quality of care. In the field of interprofessionnality, the task delegation in chronic care management to nurses or medical assistants is a source of satisfaction for these professionals. At the same time, this could improve patients' quality of life...
May 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624338/heart-transplant-centers-with-multidisciplinary-team-show-a-higher-level-of-chronic-illness-management-findings-from-the-international-bright-study
#11
Maan Isabella Cajita, Eva Baumgartner, Lut Berben, Kris Denhaerynck, Remon Helmy, Sandra Schönfeld, Gabriele Berger, Christine Vetter, Fabienne Dobbels, Cynthia L Russell, Sabina De Geest
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: (1) explore the proportion of HTx centers that have a multidisciplinary team and (2) assess the relationship between multidisciplinarity and the level of chronic illness management (CIM). BACKGROUND: The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) recommends a multidisciplinary approach in heart transplant (HTx) follow-up care but little is known regarding the proportion of HTx centers that meet this recommendation and the impact on patient care...
June 14, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622379/end-of-life-care-for-people-with-dementia-the-views-of-health-professionals-social-care-service-managers-and-frontline-staff-on-key-requirements-for-good-practice
#12
Richard Philip Lee, Claire Bamford, Marie Poole, Emma McLellan, Catherine Exley, Louise Robinson
BACKGROUND: Evidence consistently shows that people with advanced dementia experience suboptimal end of life care compared to those with cancer; with increased hospitalisation, inadequate pain control and fewer palliative care interventions. Understanding the views of those service managers and frontline staff who organise and provide care is crucial in order to develop better end of life care for people with dementia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Qualitative interviews and focus groups were conducted from 2013 to 2015 with 33 service managers and 54 staff involved in frontline care, including doctors, nurses, nursing and care home managers, service development leads, senior managers/directors, care assistants and senior care assistants/team leads...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621204/a-pilot-study-of-sleep-work-practices-visual-processing-speed-and-5-year-motor-vehicle-crash-risk-among-truck-drivers
#13
Karen Heaton, Benjamin J McManus, Rachael Mumbower, David E Vance
The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the relationships between sleep, work practices, speed of processing, and 5-year motor vehicle crash risk among a group of older truck drivers. Anthropometric, demographic, and psychological data were recorded, along with health, sleep, and work histories from a sample of 23 truck drivers. Results from this pilot study suggest that physical fatigue may play a role in processing speed. Future studies should be designed with adequate power and include objective measures of sleep and repeated measures over time to determine 5-year MVC rates...
June 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619081/burnout-among-workers-in-emergency-departments-in-palestinian-hospitals-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#14
Motasem Hamdan, Asma'a Abu Hamra
BACKGROUND: Working in Emergency Departments (EDs) entails high work pressure and stress due to witnessing human suffering and the unpredictable nature of the work. This environment puts personnel at risk of burnout. This analysis aims to assess burnout levels and associated risk factors among health workers in EDs in Palestinian hospitals. Also, it examines the association between burnout and workplace violence, as well as with job turnover. METHODS: Cross-sectional design utilising a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from all workers at 14 EDs; 8 from the West Bank and 6 from the Gaza Strip...
June 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612193/risk-factors-for-sciatica-leading-to-hospitalization
#15
Ulla Euro, P Knekt, H Rissanen, A Aromaa, J Karppinen, M Heliövaara
PURPOSE: To study the known or suspected risk factors for sciatica: Tallness, overweight, smoking, leisure-time physical exercise, self-reported health and occupation, and how they predict hospitalizations due to sciatica. Only a few cohort studies have previously focused on the risk factors for sciatica. METHODS: The 13,095 subjects, free from low back disorders at the baseline in 1973-1976 were followed up to the end of 2011 via the Care Register for Health Care...
June 13, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607241/composition-and-distribution-of-the-health-workforce-in-india-estimates-based-on-data-from-the-national-sample-survey
#16
Krishna D Rao, Renu Shahrawat, Aarushi Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND: The availability of reliable and comprehensive information on the health workforce is crucial for workforce planning. In India, routine information sources on the health workforce are incomplete and unreliable. This paper addresses this issue and provides a comprehensive picture of India's health workforce. METHODS: Data from the 68th round (July 2011 to June 2012) of the National Sample Survey on the Employment and unemployment situation in India were analysed to produce estimates of the health workforce in India...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606199/basic-disaster-life-support-bdls-training-improves-first-responder-confidence-to-face-mass-casualty-incidents-in-thailand
#17
Deborah A Kuhls, Paul J Chestovich, Phillip Coule, Dale M Carrison, Charleston M Chua, Nopadol Wora-Urai, Tavatchai Kanchanarin
BACKGROUND: Medical response to mass-casualty incidents (MCIs) requires specialized training and preparation. Basic Disaster Life Support (BDLS) is a course designed to prepare health care workers for a MCI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the confidence of health care professionals in Thailand to face a MCI after participating in a BDLS course. METHODS: Basic Disaster Life Support was taught to health care professionals in Thailand in July 2008. Demographics and medical experience were recorded, and participants rated their confidence before and after the course using a five-point Likert scale in 11 pertinent MCI categories...
June 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603380/improved-functional-independence-measure-facilitates-return-to-home-after-paralyzed-upper-limb-training-a-case-report
#18
Kuniaki Nagai, Fumiaki Yamaguchi
[Purpose] We report a case in which rehabilitation that targeted the paralyzed side's upper limb in a hemiplegic stroke patient remarkably accelerated the patient's ability to perform activities of daily living, improved her Functional Independence Measure score, and facilitated the patient's return to home. [Subject and Methods] We provided rehabilitation training to a female patient who experienced a cerebral infarction at a nursing home for the elderly and was admitted to the Kaifukuki recovery phase rehabilitation ward in order to improve her activities of daily living and return home...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602858/verbal-abuse-and-physical-assault-in-the-emergency-department-rates-of-violence-perceptions-of-safety-and-attitudes-towards-security
#19
Bradley Partridge, Julia Affleck
INTRODUCTION: Emergency Department (ED) workers are prone to occupational violence, however the extent and impact of this may not be evenly felt across all roles in the ED. AIMS: Explore: 1) the rate of verbal abuse and physical assaults experienced by ED staff, 2) perceptions of safety, 3) attitudes towards security officers, and 4) formal reporting of incidents. METHODS: 330 ED workers were surveyed at four public hospitals in one metropolitan health service district in Queensland, Australia, including 179 nurses, 83 medical staff, 44 administration staff, 14 allied health, and 9 operational...
June 8, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599656/transitional-care-for-rheumatic-conditions-in-europe-current-clinical-practice-and-available-resources
#20
Daniel Clemente, Leticia Leon, Helen Foster, Loreto Carmona, Kirsten Minden
OBJECTIVE: To assess European pediatric rheumatology providers' current clinical practices and resources used in the transition from child-centered to adult-oriented care. METHODS: European pediatric rheumatologists were invited to complete a 17-item anonymized e-survey assessing current transition practices, transition policy awareness, and needs in advance of the publication of EULAR/PReS recommendations on transition. RESULTS: The response rate was 121/276 (44%), including responses from 115 centers in 22 European Union countries...
June 9, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
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