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Sepsis ecmo

Julie C Fitzgerald, Scott L Weiss, Niranjan Kissoon
OBJECTIVE: To review important articles in the field of pediatric shock and pediatric septic shock published subsequent to the Fifth Edition of the Rogers' Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. DATA SOURCES: The U.S. National Library of Medicine PubMed ( was searched for combination of the term "pediatric" and the following terms: "sepsis, septic shock, shock, antibiotics, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and steroid." The abstract lists generated by these searches were screened for potential inclusion...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Takashi Tagami, Hiroki Matsui, Masamune Kuno, Yuuta Moroe, Junya Kaneko, Kyoko Unemoto, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
BACKGROUND: Patients resuscitated after cardiac arrest are reportedly at high risk for infection and sepsis, especially those treated with targeted temperature management (TTM). There is, however, limited evidence suggesting that early antibiotic use improves patient outcomes. We examined the hypothesis that early treatment with antibiotics reduces mortality in patients with cardiac arrest receiving TTM. METHODS: We identified 2803 patients with cardiogenic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) that were treated with TTM and were admitted to 371 hospitals that contribute to the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination inpatient database between July 2007 and March 2013...
October 7, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Aristine Cheng, Hsin-Yun Sun, Mao-Song Tsai, Wen-Je Ko, Pi-Ru Tsai, Fu-Chang Hu, Yee-Chun Chen, Shan-Chwen Chang
BACKGROUND: To identify novel factors associated with the survival of septic adults receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to improve patient selection and outcomes. METHODS: Cases were identified from our ECMO registry from 2001 to 2011 if they were ≥16 years and received ECMO for life-threatening sepsis. RESULTS: A total of 151 adults with a median (25th-75th percentile) age of 51 (37-63) years were analyzed. Pneumonia (50%), myocarditis (20%), and primary bloodstream infections (15%) were the main types of infection, caused by predominantly nonfermentative Gram-negative bacteria (NFGNB) (26%), Enterobacteriaceae (24%), and Gram-positive cocci (21%)...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Victoria Anne Saites, Rachel Hadler, Jacob Thomas Gutsche, Krzysztof Laudanski
BACKGROUND Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare hematological disease characterized by an excessive inflammatory response to various triggers, resulting in rapid multi-organ failure. Its incidence may be underestimated due to its rarity, its variable clinical presentation, and its high mortality rate prior to diagnosis. Oftentimes, HLH is mistaken for refractory sepsis and improperly treated as such. Left untreated, the disease is universally fatal. With treatment, case series of adults with HLH report a 30-day mortality of up to 44% and an overall mortality of up to 75%...
September 27, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Manuela Bonizzoli, Chiara Lazzeri, Giovanni Cianchi, Maria Boddi, Morena Cozzolino, Simona Di Valvasone, Paolo Terenzi, Stefano Batacchi, Marco Chiostri, Adriano Peris
BACKGROUND: Serial lactate measurements over time or lactate clearance has been reported to be clinically reliable for risk stratification in different pathologic conditions ranging from sepsis to trauma, but no data are so far available on the behavior of lactate during venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) support in refractory adult acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: We assessed lactate values during VV-ECMO support and the prognostic role of lactate clearance at 6, 24, and 72 hours after ECMO start in 126 consecutive patients with refractory ARDS treated with VV-ECMO...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
S Weiterer, K Schmidt, M Deininger, A Ulrich, U Tochtermann, R Eberhardt, S Hofer, M A Weigand, T Brenner
Here, we present a case of a tracheal fistula due to an anastomotic insufficiency following abdominothoracic esophageal resection. Despite immediate discontinuity resection, the tracheal fistula could not be surgically closed, resulting in incomplete control of the source of infection and an alternative treatment concept in the form of interventional fistula closure using a Y-tracheal stent. However, owing to existing severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is associated with a considerable risk of peri-interventional hypoxia, a temporary bridging concept using venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was implemented successfully...
September 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Elisa Estenssoro, Arnaldo Dubin
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an acute respiratory failure produced by an inflammatory edema secondary to increased lung capillary permeability. This causes alveolar flooding and subsequently deep hypoxemia, with intrapulmonary shunt as its most important underlying mechanism. Characteristically, this alteration is unresponsive to high FIO2 and only reverses with end-expiratory positive pressure (PEEP). Pulmonary infiltrates on CXR and CT are the hallmark, together with decreased lung compliance...
2016: Medicina
J Cerdá, I Baldwin, P M Honore, G Villa, John A Kellum, Claudio Ronco
This paper reports on the continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) technology group recommendations and research proposals developed during the 17th Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative Meeting in Asiago, Italy. The group was tasked to address questions related to the impact of technology on acute kidney injury management. We discuss technological aspects of the decision to initiate CRRT and the components of the treatment prescription and delivery, the integration of information technology (IT) on overall patient management, the incorporation of CRRT into other 'non-renal' extracorporeal technologies such as ECMO and ECCO2R and the use of sorbents in sepsis and propose new areas for future research...
2016: Blood Purification
David K Bailly, Ron W Reeder, Luke A Zabrocki, Anna M Hubbard, Jacob Wilkes, Susan L Bratton, Ravi R Thiagarajan
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop and validate a prognostic score for predicting mortality at the time of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation for children with respiratory failure. Preextracorporeal membrane oxygenation mortality prediction is important for determining center-specific risk-adjusted outcomes and counseling families. DESIGN: Multivariable logistic regression of a large international cohort of pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients...
August 19, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Viviane G Nasr, David Faraoni, James A DiNardo, Ravi R Thiagarajan
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been increasingly used to rescue neonates and children with cardiac and/or respiratory failure, and critical illnesses including pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) unresponsive to conventional therapies. This study assesses mortality and outcomes in neonates and children with PAH supported with ECMO.Neonates and children from the 2012 HCUP Kids' Database were identified using ICD-9codes. Children with congenital heart disease were excluded. Univariate logistic regression was applied to assess the relationship between ECMO and outcomes using matched cohorts for age, elective admission and Elixhauser comorbidity score...
July 26, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Benjamin Acheampong, Jonathan N Johnson, John M Stulak, Joseph A Dearani, Sudhir S Kushwaha, Richard C Daly, Dawit T Haile, Gregory J Schears
BACKGROUND: Cardiac operations in high-risk adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients may require mechanical circulatory support (MCS), such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or intraaortic balloon pump (IABP), to allow the cardiopulmonary system to recover. METHODS: We reviewed records for all ACHD patients who required MCS following cardiotomy at our institution from 1/2001 to 12/2013. RESULTS: During the study period, 2264 (mean age 39...
July 20, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
N J Lees, Ajp Rosenberg, A I Hurtado-Doce, J Jones, N Marczin, M Zeriouh, A Weymann, A Sabashnikov, A R Simon, A F Popov
Sepsis-induced cardiogenic shock in combination with severe acute respiratory failure represents a life-threatening combination that is often refractory to the conventional methods of treatment. We describe the case of a 33-year-old patient who developed acute cardiovascular collapse and ARDS secondary to superinfection of Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive Staphylococcus aureus and H1N1 pneumonia who underwent successful combination therapy for severe sepsis-related cardiomyopathy and respiratory failure using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and cytokine adsorption therapy...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
Federico Pappalardo, Martina Crivellari, Ambra L Di Prima, Nataliya Agracheva, Malgorzata Celinska-Spodar, Rosalba Lembo, Daiana Taddeo, Giovanni Landoni, Alberto Zangrillo
PURPOSE: To determine whether protein C zymogen (protein C concentrates or human protein C) improves clinically relevant outcomes in adult patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. METHODS: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial that from September 2012 to June 2014 enrolled adult patients with severe sepsis or septic shock and high risk of death and of bleeding (e.g., APACHE II greater than 25, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or disseminated intravascular coagulopathy)...
June 25, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Hong Ju Shin, Seunghwan Song, Han Ki Park, Young Hwan Park
BACKGROUND: Survival of children experiencing cardiac arrest refractory to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is very poor. We sought to examine current era outcomes of extracorporeal CPR (ECPR) support for refractory arrest. METHODS: Patients who were <18 years and underwent ECPR between November 2013 and January 2016 were including in this study. We retrospectively investigated patient medical records. RESULTS: Twelve children, median age 6...
June 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Niamh Haughey, Karen Booth, Haralabos Parissis
OBJECTIVE: Post-cardiotomy open chest management is used either for salvage or as a planned therapeutic option in patients with low cardiac output, hemorrhage, or intractable arrhythmias. We reviewed our experience with these patients. METHODS: Over a 3-year period, 2534 adult cardiac patients were operated on and 35 (1.4%) had delayed sternal closure. The median age was 72 years (range 46-86 years) and mean logistic EuroSCORE I was 11.29 (range 1.33-84.99). The patients were divided into two groups: group A (22/35, 62...
July 2016: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
M Ting, C-H Wang, C-I Tsao, S-C Huang, N-H Chi, N-K Chou, Y-S Chen, S-S Wang
BACKGROUND: Acute fulminant myocarditis with intractable cardiogenic shock is a fatal condition; its only therapeutic option is mechanical circulatory support. The use of mechanical circulatory support, either extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or a ventricular assist device (VAD), serves as a bridge to recovery or as a bridge to transplantation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to advance our understanding of the outcome of heart transplantation under mechanical support for acute myocarditis...
April 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
David Faraoni, Katherine M Gardella, Kirsten C Odegard, Sitaram M Emani, James A DiNardo
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital heart disease are at increased risk of thrombotic complications (thrombosis and thromboembolism). This study sought to assess the incidence and predictors of thrombotic complications in children with surgical and nonsurgical heart diseases. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the Health Care Cost and Use Project Kid's Inpatient Database. Children with surgical and nonsurgical heart diseases were categorized into the following four subgroups: (1) septal defects, (2) single ventricle physiology, (3) right ventricle outflow tract obstruction, and (4) left ventricle outflow tract obstruction...
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Hug Aubin, George Petrov, Hannan Dalyanoglu, Diyar Saeed, Payam Akhyari, Gerrit Paprotny, Maximillian Richter, Ralf Westenfeld, Hubert Schelzig, Malte Kelm, Detlef Kindgen-Milles, Artur Lichtenberg, Alexander Albert
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate patient outcome within the Düsseldorf Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS) Network, a suprainstitutional network for rapid-response remote ECLS and to define survival-based predictors. BACKGROUND: Mobile venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vaECMO) used for ECLS has become a treatment option for a patient population with an otherwise fatal prognosis. However, outcome data remain scarce and institutional standards required to manage these patients are still poorly defined...
September 2016: JACC. Heart Failure
C K Natarajan, M J Sankar, K Jain, R Agarwal, V K Paul
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), a common cause of respiratory failure in neonates, is associated with high mortality and morbidity. The objectives of this review were to evaluate the effects of administration of (a) surfactant-either as lung lavage (SLL) or bolus surfactant (BS) and (b) antibiotics on mortality and severe morbidities in neonates with MAS. We searched the following databases: MEDLINE via PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL, WHOLIS and CABI using sensitive search strategies. We included eight studies on use of surfactant and three studies on use of antibiotics...
May 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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