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Adapted physical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638966/measuring-everyday-functional-competence-using-the-rasch-assessment-of-everyday-activity-limitations-real-item-bank
#1
Martijn A H Oude Voshaar, Peter M Ten Klooster, Harald E Vonkeman, Mart A F J van de Laar
OBJECTIVE: Traditional patient-reported physical function instruments often poorly differentiate patients with mild-to-moderate disability. We describe the development and psychometric evaluation of a generic item bank for measuring everyday activity limitations in outpatient populations. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Seventy-two items generated from patient interviews and mapped to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) domestic life chapter were administered to 1128 adults representative of the Dutch population...
June 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614103/genocide-rape-trauma-management-an-integrated-framework-for-supporting-survivors
#2
Donatilla Mukamana, Petra Brysiewicz, Anthony Collins, William Rosa
During the 1994 Rwandan genocide, rape was widely used as a strategic weapon against Tutsi women. More than 20 years later, many of these women are still suffering devastating psychological, social, and physical effects of these experiences and remain in need of effective interventions that address their complex trauma. This article develops the theory of genocide rape trauma management as a conceptual framework for promoting the holistic health and recovery of female genocide rape survivors. A qualitative study using grounded theory explored the lived experiences of genocide rape survivors and led to the development of this model...
June 13, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606554/examining-the-association-between-intervention-related-changes-in-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-as-moderated-by-the-food-and-physical-activity-environments-among-rural-southern-adults
#3
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Thomas C Keyserling, Larry F Johnston, Kelly R Evenson, Jared T McGuirt, Ziya Gizlice, Olivia R Whitt, Alice S Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in rural areas assessing the influence of community-level environmental factors on residents' success improving lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether 6-month changes in diet, physical activity, and weight were moderated by the food and physical activity environment in a rural adult population receiving an intervention designed to improve diet and physical activity. DESIGN: We examined associations between self-reported and objectively measured changes in diet, physical activity, and weight, and perceived and objectively measured food and physical activity environments...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600906/giuseppe-sergi-the-portrait-of-a-positivist-scientist
#4
Giovanni Cerro
Giuseppe Sergi (1841-1936) was one of the most important anthropologists and psychologists of the age of positivism and this article focuses on three domains of his scientific research: degeneration, eugenics and race. His concept of degeneration is defined as the development of special forms of human adaptation to the environment. This issue is closely related to his theory of the "stratification of character", which had a profound impact on Italian psychiatry and criminal anthropology in the late nineteenth century...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598710/the-use-of-yoga-by-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#5
Mary E Wims, Shayla M McIntyre, Ann York, Laura G Covill
How physical therapists (PTs) in the United States currently use yoga in their clinical practices is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how PTs in the United States view yoga as a physical therapy (PT) tool and how PTs use yoga therapeutically. The authors conducted a 24-item survey via electronic communications of the Geriatric, Orthopedic, Pediatric, and Women's Health Sections of the American Physical Therapy Association. Participants (n = 333) from 47 states and the District of Columbia replied...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597618/effects-of-resistance-training-overtraining-and-early-specialization-on-youth-athletes
#6
Benjamin K Walters, Connor R Read, A Reed Estes
INTRODUCTION: In 2014, 60 million youth ages 6-18 participated in some form of generalized athletics. 3.5 million children are injured annually participating in organized sport or recreational activities. While sound physical education can decrease the burden of youth sports injuries, the median annual physical education budget of $764 for United States elementary, middle and high schools may not allow enough flexibility to apply evidenced-based guidelines. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The topics were selected after a careful review of the 2016 National Strength and Conditioning Association Position Statement on Long-Term Athletic Development...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586430/national-study-of-excellence-and-innovation-in-physical-therapist-education-part-1-design-method-and-results
#7
Gail M Jensen, Terrence Nordstrom, Elizabeth Mostrom, Laurita M Hack, Janet Gwyer
Background.: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching commissioned the Preparation for the Professions Program, a qualitative study of professional education in 5 professions: medicine, nursing, law, engineering and clergy. These studies identified curricular structures, instructional practices, assessment approaches and environmental characteristics that support the preparation of professionals and led to educational reforms. The physical therapy profession has not had any in-depth, national investigation of physical therapist education since the Catherine Worthingham studies conducted more than 50 years ago...
June 6, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578729/drivers-of-dietary-behaviours-in-women-living-in-urban-africa-a-systematic-mapping-review
#8
Stefanie C Gissing, Rebecca Pradeilles, Hibbah A Osei-Kwasi, Emmanuel Cohen, Michelle Holdsworth
OBJECTIVE: To (i) systematically review the literature to determine the factors influencing diet and dietary behaviour in women living in urban Africa; (ii) present these in a visual map; and (iii) utilize this to identify potentially important areas for future research. DESIGN: Systematic mapping review. The review protocol was registered at PROSPERO (http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/; registration number CRD42015017749). Six databases were systematically searched, followed by reference and citation searching...
June 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570718/free-flap-reconstruction-monitoring-techniques-and-frequency-in-the-era-of-restricted-resident-work-hours
#9
Urjeet A Patel, David Hernandez, Yelizaveta Shnayder, Mark K Wax, Matthew M Hanasono, Joshua Hornig, Tamer A Ghanem, Matthew Old, Ryan S Jackson, Levi G Ledgerwood, Patrik Pipkorn, Lawrence Lin, Adrian Ong, Joshua B Greene, James Bekeny, Yin Yiu, Salem Noureldine, David X Li, Joel Fontanarosa, Evan Greenbaum, Jeremy M Richmon
Importance: Free flap reconstruction of the head and neck is routinely performed with success rates around 94% to 99% at most institutions. Despite experience and meticulous technique, there is a small but recognized risk of partial or total flap loss in the postoperative setting. Historically, most microvascular surgeons involve resident house staff in flap monitoring protocols, and programs relied heavily on in-house resident physicians to assure timely intervention for compromised flaps...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561649/mastering-resilience-in-oncology-learn-to-thrive-in-the-face-of-burnout
#10
Fay J Hlubocky, Miko Rose, Ronald M Epstein
Oncology clinician burnout has become a noteworthy issue in medical oncology directly affecting the quality of patient care, patient satisfaction, and overall organizational success. Due to the increasing demands on clinical time, productivity, and the evolving medical landscape, the oncology clinician is at significant risk for burnout. Long hours in direct care with seriously ill patients/families, limited control over daily responsibilities, and endless electronic documentation, place considerable professional and personal demands on the oncologist...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560656/social-well-being-is-associated-with-less-pro-inflammatory-and-pro-metastatic-leukocyte-gene-expression-in-women-after-surgery-for-breast-cancer
#11
Devika R Jutagir, Bonnie B Blomberg, Charles S Carver, Suzanne C Lechner, Kiara R Timpano, Laura C Bouchard, Lisa M Gudenkauf, Jamie M Jacobs, Alain Diaz, Susan K Lutgendorf, Steve W Cole, Aaron S Heller, Michael H Antoni
PURPOSE: Satisfaction with social resources, or "social well-being," relates to better adaptation and longer survival after breast cancer diagnosis. Biobehavioral mechanisms linking social well-being (SWB) to mental and physical health may involve inflammatory signaling. We tested whether reports of greater SWB were associated with lower levels of pro-inflammatory and pro-metastatic leukocyte gene expression after surgery for non-metastatic breast cancer. METHODS: Women (N = 50) diagnosed with non-metastatic (0-III) breast cancer were enrolled 2-8 weeks after surgery...
May 30, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556764/in-service-physical-educators-experiences-of-online-adapted-physical-education-endorsement-courses
#12
Takahiro Sato, Justin A Haegele, Rachel Foot
The purpose of this study was to investigate in-service physical education (PE) teachers' experiences during online adapted physical education (APE) graduate courses. Based on andragogy theory (adult learning theory) we employed a descriptive qualitative methodology using an explanatory case study design. The participants (6 female and 3 male) were in-service PE teachers enrolled in an online graduate APE endorsement program. Data collection included journal reflection reports and face-to-face interviews. A constant comparative method was used to interpret the data...
April 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539900/learning-potential-in-narrative-writing-measuring-the-psychometric-properties-of-an-assessment-tool
#13
Léia G Gurgel, Mônica M C de Oliveira, Maria C R A Joly, Caroline T Reppold
Objective: The Computerized and Dynamic Writing Test (TIDE) is designed to examine the learning potential of adolescents in narrative writing. This was a validation study of the TIDE based on its internal structure. Learning potential is responsible for cognitive modifiabilty according to the Theory of Cognitive Structural Modifiability (CSM) developed by Feüerstein. Method: Included 304 participants between 10 and 17 years of age from schools in the South of Brazil. The data collection involved student groups that were divided according to age and school grade...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520551/strategies-for-sustained-weight-management-perspectives-from-african-american-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Felicia Hill-Briggs
Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify effective strategies for sustained weight management used by African American patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Methods In this study, nominal group technique was used to identify effective strategies for weight management used by 12 African Americans with overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes who successfully lost or maintained their weight after completing DECIDE (Decision-making Education for Choices In Diabetes Everyday), a 9-module, literacy-adapted diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) education and problem-solving training program...
June 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448498/personalized-glucose-forecasting-for-type-2-diabetes-using-data-assimilation
#15
David J Albers, Matthew Levine, Bruce Gluckman, Henry Ginsberg, George Hripcsak, Lena Mamykina
Type 2 diabetes leads to premature death and reduced quality of life for 8% of Americans. Nutrition management is critical to maintaining glycemic control, yet it is difficult to achieve due to the high individual differences in glycemic response to nutrition. Anticipating glycemic impact of different meals can be challenging not only for individuals with diabetes, but also for expert diabetes educators. Personalized computational models that can accurately forecast an impact of a given meal on an individual's blood glucose levels can serve as the engine for a new generation of decision support tools for individuals with diabetes...
April 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433877/affordances-in-the-home-environment-for-motor-development-validity-and-reliability-for-the-use-in-daycare-setting
#16
Alessandra Bombarda Müller, Nadia Cristina Valentini, Paulo Felipe Ribeiro Bandeira
The range of stimuli provided by physical space, toys and care practices contributes to the motor, cognitive and social development of children. However, assessing the quality of child education environments is a challenge, and can be considered a health promotion initiative. This study investigated the validity of the criterion, content, construct and reliability of the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development - Infant Scale (AHEMD-IS), version 3-18 months, for the use in daycare settings...
April 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433259/building-the-foundations-for-sustainable-development-a-case-for-global-investment-in-the-capabilities-of-adolescents
#17
Peter Sheehan, Kim Sweeny, Bruce Rasmussen, Annababette Wils, Howard S Friedman, Jacqueline Mahon, George C Patton, Susan M Sawyer, Eric Howard, John Symons, Karin Stenberg, Satvika Chalasani, Neelam Maharaj, Nicola Reavley, Hui Shi, Masha Fridman, Alison Welsh, Emeka Nsofor, Laura Laski
Investment in the capabilities of the world's 1·2 billion adolescents is vital to the UN's Sustainable Development Agenda. We examined investments in countries of low income, lower-middle income, and upper-middle income covering the majority of these adolescents globally to derive estimates of investment returns given existing knowledge. The costs and effects of the interventions were estimated by adapting existing models and by extending methods to create new modelling tools. Benefits were valued in terms of increased gross domestic product and averted social costs...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427084/long-term-improvement-of-breast-cancer-survivors-quality-of-life-by-a-2-week-group-physical-and-educational-intervention-5-year-update-of-the-pacthe-trial
#18
Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Marie-Ange Mouret-Reynier, Martine Duclos, François Bridon, Thierry Hanh, Isabelle Van Praagh-Doreau, Armelle Travade, Marie-Paule Vasson, Sylvie Jouvency, Christian Roques, Yves-Jean Bignon
BACKGROUND: The advantages of adapted physical activity and nutritional education (APANE) on breast cancer prognosis and quality of life (QoL) are well known, but long-term results are lacking. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial testing a 2-week intervention in hydrothermal centres including APANE enrolled 251 patients post-chemotherapy. QoL and weight control were significantly improved at 12 months. A 5-year follow-up was performed to evaluate the persistence of improvements...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423138/intimate-partner-violence-and-maternal-educational-practice
#19
Josianne Maria Mattos da Silva, Marília de Carvalho Lima, Ana Bernarda Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the association between intimate partner violence against women and maternal educational practice directed to children at the beginning of formal education. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out between 2013 and 2014, with 631 mother/child pairs, registered in the Family Health Strategy of the Health District II of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. It integrates a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the consequences of exposure to intimate partner violence in relation to the child who was born between 2005 and 2006...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386849/awareness-of-osteoporosis-among-female-head-of-household-an-iranian-experience
#20
Pouria Khashayar, Mostafa Qorbani, Abbasali Keshtkar, Patricia Khashayar, Amir Ziaee, Bagher Larijani
More than 81% of the studied women had a poor knowledge of different aspects of osteoporosis and its complications, suggesting that more educational programs targeting women in particular are needed to help improve the osteoporosis practice in the societies and reduce the burden of the disease. PURPOSE: The family structure has changed considerably in the past decade. But, women from Iran and many countries in the region and even families with similar cultural background living in other parts of the world are still responsible for childcare as well as the lifestyle adapted by the family...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
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