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Adapted physical education

Margaret Raber, To Nhu Huynh, Karla Crawford, Stephanie Kim, Joya Chandra
Comprehensive cancer centers are an important community resource for cancer prevention education in their catchment areas. Colorectal cancer remains one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the United States, making prevention a priority. Colorectal cancer prevention targets include lifestyle modifications that are influenced by cultural norms, such as diet change, physical activity and screening behavior. Cancer centers must tailor prevention efforts to multiethnic catchment areas. This paper describes the development and feasibility of a comprehensive cancer center's approach to community-based colorectal cancer prevention in Houston, Texas, specifically targeting Hispanic and Asian populations...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Justin A Haegele, T Nicole Kirk
The purpose of this study was to adopt an explicitly intersectional approach to examine the embodied perspectives of males with visual impairments about physical education. An interpretative phenomenological analysis research approach was used, and six adults (18-33 years) who identified as males with visual impairments acted as participants. The primary sources of data were semistructured, audiotaped, telephone interviews and reflective field notes. Thematic development utilized a four-step interpretative phenomenological analysis-guided analytical process...
March 13, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Deborah A Perlick, Carlos Jackson, Savannah Grier, Brittney Huntington, Andrew Aronson, Xiaodong Luo, David J Miklowitz
OBJECTIVES: Caregivers of people with bipolar disorder often have depression and health problems. This study aimed to evaluate the sustained effects of a 12-15 week psychoeducational intervention on the health and mental health of caregivers of persons with bipolar disorder. We also evaluated the effects of the intervention on patients' mood symptoms over 6 months post-treatment. METHODS: Caregivers of 46 persons with bipolar disorder were randomized to 12-15 weeks of a caregiver-only adaptation of family-focused treatment (FFT), in which caregivers were instructed on self-care strategies and ways to assist the patient in managing the illness, or to 8-12 sessions of standard health education...
March 12, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Çiğdem Çetin, Fatma Cebeci
Information technology and the Internet are rapidly becoming effective tools for teaching. Selfmanagement skills are important for adaptation and long-term survival in kidney recipients. Web-based training may help patients develop self-management skills through information access. This literature review aimed to determine the effects of Web-based educational intervention on self-management in kidney recipients. The Internet supports effective health education intervention strategies by providing a learning environment that is always available...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Nastassia V Patin, Zoe A Pratte, Matthew Regensburger, Eric Hall, Kailen Gilde, Alistair D M Dove, Frank J Stewart
Artificial habitats for animals have high commercial and societal value. Microbial communities (microbiomes) in such habitats may play ecological roles similar to those in nature. However, this hypothesis remains largely untested. Georgia Aquarium's Ocean Voyager (OV) exhibit is a closed-system aquatic habitat that mimics the oligotrophic open ocean and houses thousands of large marine animals, including fish, sea turtles, and whale sharks. We present a 14-month time series characterizing the OV water column microbiome...
March 9, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Patricia Lavand'homme
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cesarean section is the most common surgical procedure performed in the world. Postoperative pain management remains a challenge, particularly in a context of enhanced recovery after surgery. Several barriers related to the specific condition of 'postpartum recovery' may prevent application of effective analgesia in this population. The present review focuses on novel approaches of cesarean section postoperative pain assessment, beyond pain-rating intensity, including objective patient-centered recovery parameters...
March 7, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Josephine M E Gibson, Lois H Thomas, J J Harrison, Caroline Leigh Watkins
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the views and experiences of stroke survivors and carers about a systematic voiding programme for post-stroke incontinence. BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence after stroke is common and associated with poorer functional outcome. Structured assessment and management are potentially effective interventions but it is important that there is a good understanding of stroke survivors' and carers' views of their acceptability and implementation...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Kerstin K Zander, Supriya Mathew, Stephen T Garnett
Australia experiences frequent heat waves and generally high average temperatures throughout the continent with substantial impacts on human health and the economy. People adapt to heat by adopting various relief measures in their daily lives including changing their behaviour. Many labour intensive outdoor industries implement standards for heat stress management for their workforce. However, little is known about how people cope with heat at their workplaces apart from studies targeting some specific industries where labourers are exposed to extreme heat...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Kaaren Mathias, Hira Pant, Manju Marella, Lawrence Singh, Gvs Murthy, Nathan Grills
OBJECTIVES: This study used a population-based cross-sectional survey to describe the prevalence of psychosocial disability and unmet need for access to services in North India. SETTING: This study was conducted in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, in 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A population-based sample of 2441 people over the age of 18 years. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The Rapid Assessment of Disability survey tool identified people with disability and used an adapted version of the Kessler scale to identify those with psychosocial disability...
February 27, 2018: BMJ Open
Oriol Turró Garriga, Sílvia Farrés Costa, Albert Pérez Terré, Pau Batlle Amat
INTRODUCTION: The care of dependent persons is arduous, and requires time, energy, and physical effort on the part of caregivers. Personal characteristics, such as the sense of coherence (SOC), can influence the perceived burden and care giving. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of SOC on the perceived burden and to determine if these characteristics are associated with adherence to a psycho-educational program for informal caregivers. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Prospective observational study of caregivers of dependent persons participating in the 'School of Caregivers', a psycho-educational program for family and paid caregivers...
February 24, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Beverly E Thorn, Joshua C Eyer, Benjamin P Van Dyke, Calia A Torres, John W Burns, Minjung Kim, Andrea K Newman, Lisa C Campbell, Brian Anderson, Phoebe R Block, Bentley J Bobrow, Regina Brooks, Toya T Burton, Jennifer S Cheavens, Colette M DeMonte, William D DeMonte, Crystal S Edwards, Minjeong Jeong, Mazheruddin M Mulla, Terence Penn, Laura J Smith, Deborah H Tucker
Background: Chronic pain is common and challenging to treat. Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is efficacious, its benefit in disadvantaged populations is largely unknown. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of literacy-adapted and simplified group CBT versus group pain education (EDU) versus usual care. Design: Randomized controlled trial. ( NCT01967342). Setting: Community health centers serving low-income patients in Alabama...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Dorien Simons, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Katrien De Cocker, Corneel Vandelanotte, Benedicte Deforche
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels are problematic in lower-educated working young adults (18-26 years). To promote PA, smartphone apps have great potential, but there is no evidence for their effectiveness in this population. To increase the likelihood that a newly developed app will be effective, formative research and user testing are required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility of a new theory- and evidence-based smartphone app to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults...
February 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
L Chernobay, O Vasylieva, I Isaeva, N Derevianchenko, A Oliynyk
The article presents modern data on the physiological mechanisms study of the stress resistance development, which occurs in medical students in the dynamics of studying in higher educational institution in junior courses (1-3 courses). The adaptive reactions of the cardiorespiratory system in conditions of psychoemotional load were studied. Results showed that development of adaptation syndrome in those conditions greatly depends on speed of formation and intensity level of intersystem integration in cardiorespiratory system...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
Josep Gustems-Carnicer, Caterina Calderon, Alberto Batalla-Flores, Francisco Esteban-Bara
Stress in teacher education students is a key issue, due to its physical and social impact and its relevance to students' future as professionals. This study uses the Perceived Stress Scale, the Coping Responses Inventory-Adult Form, and the Psychological Well-Being Scale to analyze how coping strategies mediate the relationship between stress and well-being in a sample of Spanish teacher education students (n = 334). The results show that the students had a good general level of psychological well-being, although with little personal growth and autonomy...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
Liz Glidewell, Thomas A Willis, Duncan Petty, Rebecca Lawton, Rosemary R C McEachan, Emma Ingleson, Peter Heudtlass, Andrew Davies, Tony Jamieson, Cheryl Hunter, Suzanne Hartley, Kara Gray-Burrows, Susan Clamp, Paul Carder, Sarah Alderson, Amanda J Farrin, Robbie Foy
BACKGROUND: Interpreting evaluations of complex interventions can be difficult without sufficient description of key intervention content. We aimed to develop an implementation package for primary care which could be delivered using typically available resources and could be adapted to target determinants of behaviour for each of four quality indicators: diabetes control, blood pressure control, anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation and risky prescribing. We describe the development and prospective verification of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) embedded within the adaptable implementation packages...
February 17, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Monique A M Gignac, Selahadin Ibrahim, Peter M Smith, Vicki Kristman, Dorcas E Beaton, Cameron A Mustard
Background: With the aging of populations in many countries, workers are expected to remain employed longer but may struggle with the onset of common, chronic conditions like arthritis. To date, few studies have examined workplace policies and practices that could help accommodate individuals with arthritis, and fewer still have used a sex and gender-based approach to explore similarities and differences between women and men. Objectives: This study compared the health and work contexts of workers aged ≥50 years to better understand similarities and differences between women and men in accommodation availability, need, use, and unmet needs...
February 6, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Jason M Guattery, Agnes Z Dardas, Michael Kelly, Aaron Chamberlain, Christopher McAndrew, Ryan P Calfee
BACKGROUND: The Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) was developed to provide valid, reliable, and standardized measures to gather patient-reported outcomes for many health domains, including depression, independent of patient condition. Most studies confirming the performance of these measures were conducted with a consented, volunteer study population for testing. Using a study population that has undergone the process of informed consent may be differentiated from the validation group because they are educated specifically as to the purpose of the questions and they will not have answers recorded in their permanent health record...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Debra Dunstan, Donnah Anderson
INTRODUCTION: The Personal Helpers and Mentors (PHaMs) service is a non-clinical, community-based Australian Government initiative aimed at increasing opportunities for recovery for people whose lives are severely affected by mental illness. Using a strengths-based recovery model, PHaMs caseworkers support and mentor people 'at risk of falling through the gaps' between state funded clinical treatment services and federally funded social services (such as supported housing, education and employment)...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Rebecca S Crow, Matthew C Lohman, Alexander J Titus, Martha L Bruce, Todd A Mackenzie, Stephen J Bartels, John A Batsis
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between frailty and overall and cardiovascular mortality. DESIGN: Longitudinal mortality analysis. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults aged 60 and older (N = 4,984; mean age 71.1 ± 0.19, 56% female). MEASUREMENTS: We used data from 1999-2004 cross-sectional NHANES and mortality data from the National Death Index, updated through December 2011...
January 25, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
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