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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929988/3x2-classroom-goal-structures-motivational-regulations-self-concept-and-affectivity-in-secondary-school
#1
Antonio Méndez-Giménez, José-Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, Javier Fernández-Río, José Antonio Prieto Saborit, David Méndez-Alonso
The main objective was to analyze relationships and predictive patterns between 3x2 classroom goal structures (CGS), and motivational regulations, dimensions of self-concept, and affectivity in the context of secondary education. A sample of 1,347 secondary school students (56.6% young men, 43.4% young women) from 10 different provinces of Spain agreed to participate (M age = 13.43, SD = 1.05). Hierarchical regression analyses indicated the self-approach CGS was the most adaptive within the spectrum of self-determination, followed by the task-approach CGS...
September 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905800/analysis-of-factors-affecting-the-quality-of-life-of-those-suffering-from-crohn-s-disease
#2
Joanna Chrobak-Bień, Anna Gawor, Małgorzata Paplaczyk, Ewa Małecka-Panas, Anita Gąsiorowska
INTRODUCTION: Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology. Its chronic nature, as well as symptoms of intestinal and overall significantly impedes the daily functioning of patients. Alternately occurring periods of exacerbation and remission are the cause of reduced quality of life of patients. Understanding the factors that caused the decrease in the quality of life, it allows us to understand the behavior and the situation of the patient and the ability to cope with stress caused by the disease...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898387/prevalence-and-correlates-of-elder-abuse-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-and-rio-de-janeiro
#3
Sergio L Blay, Jerson Laks, Valeska Marinho, Ivan Figueira, Deborah Maia, Evandro S F Coutinho, Ines M Quintana, Marcelo F Mello, Rodrigo A Bressan, Jair J Mari, Sergio B Andreoli
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of elder abuse and to investigate potential sociodemographic, health behavior, and medical correlates. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected in face-to-face assessments. SETTING: São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 to 75. MEASUREMENTS: Information on elder abuse was obtained using the Brazil-adapted, nine-item Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895282/a-patient-safety-education-program-in-a-medical-physics-residency
#4
Eric C Ford, Matthew Nyflot, Matthew B Spraker, Gabrielle Kane, Kristi R G Hendrickson
Education in patient safety and quality of care is a requirement for radiation oncology residency programs according to accrediting agencies. However, recent surveys indicate that most programs lack a formal program to support this learning. The aim of this report was to address this gap and share experiences with a structured educational program on quality and safety designed specifically for medical physics therapy residencies. Five key topic areas were identified, drawn from published recommendations on safety and quality...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891219/the-health-and-well-being-of-children-and-young-people-who-are-looked-after-findings-from-a-face-to-face-survey-in-glasgow
#5
Sharon Vincent, Michael Jopling
Evidence suggests children and young people who are looked after (LACYP) may have poorer health outcomes than children and young people in the general population, particularly in relation to mental health. This paper discusses findings from a survey of the health and well-being of LACYP in Glasgow. A structured questionnaire used in the 2010 Glasgow Schools Survey (GSS) was adapted and administered in face-to-face interviews with 130 young people aged 11-18 in 2014-2015 to investigate various aspects of health and well-being including physical activity, diet and sleep, smoking, alcohol and drugs, health feelings and worries, behaviours, attitudes and expectations...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886417/is-long-term-particulate-matter-and-nitrogen-dioxide-air-pollution-associated-with-incident-monoclonal-gammopathy-of-undetermined-significance-mgus-an-analysis-of-the-heinz-nixdorf-recall-study
#6
Ester Orban, Marina Arendt, Frauke Hennig, Sarah Lucht, Lewin Eisele, Hermann Jakobs, Jan Dürig, Barbara Hoffmann, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus
BACKGROUND: Exposure to air pollution activates the innate immune system and influences the adaptive immune system in experimental settings. We investigated the association of residential long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) and NO2 air pollution with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) as a marker of adaptive immune system activation. METHODS: We used data from the baseline (2000-2003), 5-year (2006-2008) and 10-year (2011-2015) follow-up examinations of the German Heinz Nixdorf Recall cohort study of 4814 participants (45-75years)...
September 5, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879820/effects-of-the-healthy-start-randomized-intervention-on-dietary-intake-among-obesity-prone-normal-weight-children
#7
Jeanett F Rohde, Sofus C Larsen, Lars Ängquist, Nanna J Olsen, Maria Stougaard, Erik L Mortensen, Berit L Heitmann
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of a 15-month intervention on dietary intake conducted among obesity-prone normal-weight pre-school children. DESIGN: Information on dietary intake was obtained using a 4 d diet record. A diet quality index was adapted to assess how well children's diet complied with the Danish national guidelines. Linear regression per protocol and intention-to-treat analyses of differences in intakes of energy, macronutrients, fruit, vegetables, fish, sugar-sweetened beverages and diet quality index between the two groups were conducted...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872752/time-on-androgen-deprivation-therapy-and-adaptations-to-exercise-secondary-analysis-from-a-12-month-randomized-controlled-trial-in-men-with-prostate-cancer
#8
Dennis R Taaffe, Laurien M Buffart, Robert U Newton, Nigel Spry, James Denham, David Joseph, David Lamb, Suzanne K Chambers, Daniel A Galvão
OBJECTIVES: To explore if duration of prior exposure to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in men with prostate cancer (PCa) undertaking a yearlong exercise program moderates the exercise response on body composition and muscle performance. In addition, we explored the moderator effect of baseline testosterone, time since ADT, and baseline value of the outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a multicenter randomized controlled trial, 100 patients previously treated for either 6 months (short-term) or 18 months (long-term) ADT in combination with radiotherapy as part of the TROG 03...
September 5, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818582/associations-between-meeting-combinations-of-24-h-movement-guidelines-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-from-12-countries
#9
H Sampasa-Kanyinga, M Standage, M S Tremblay, P T Katzmarzyk, G Hu, R Kuriyan, C Maher, J Maia, T Olds, O L Sarmiento, C Tudor-Locke, J-P Chaput
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether meeting vs not meeting movement/non-movement guidelines (moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA], screen time, sleep duration), and combinations of these recommendations, are associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children from 12 countries in five major geographic regions of the world and explore whether the associations vary by study site. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, multinational cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study included 6106 children aged 9-11 years from sites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
August 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815583/educational-and-rehabilitation-service-utilization-in-adolescents-born-preterm-or-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-and-at-high-risk-for-disability
#10
Annette Majnemer, Noemi Dahan-Oliel, Charles Rohlicek, Sean Hatzigeorgiou, Barbara Mazer, Desiree B Maltais, Norbert Schmitz
AIM: This historical cohort study describes the use of educational and rehabilitation services in adolescents born preterm or with a congenital heart defect (CHD). METHOD: Parents of 76 young people (mean age 15y 8mo [SD 1y 8mo]) with CHD and 125 born ≤29 weeks gestational age (mean age 16y [SD 2y 5mo]) completed a demographics questionnaire including educational and rehabilitation resource utilization within the previous 6 months. Rehabilitation services included occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech language pathology, psychology...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811270/developing-and-evaluating-jiapp-acceptability-and-usability-of-a-smartphone-app-system-to-improve-self-management-in-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#11
Ran A Cai, Dominik Beste, Hema Chaplin, Socrates Varakliotis, Linda Suffield, Francesca Josephs, Debajit Sen, Lucy R Wedderburn, Yiannakis Ioannou, Stephen Hailes, Despina Eleftheriou
BACKGROUND: Flare-ups in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are characterized by joint pain and swelling and often accompanied with fatigue, negative emotions, and reduced participation in activities. To minimize the impact of JIA on the physical and psychosocial development and well-being of young people (YP), it is essential to regularly monitor disease activity and side effects, as well as to support self-management such as adherence to treatment plans and engagement in general health-promoting behaviors...
August 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811094/-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-smp-t2d-questionnaire-in-spanish-for-evaluating-self-management-of-high-blood-pressure-and-type-2-diabetes-pag-dt2-hta
#12
G M Galván Flores, K Gallegos Carrillo, S Palomo Piñon, S Sánchez García, J Cuadros Moreno, M V Martínez Olivares, J J Cuevas Cancino, I Grijalva, R Sánchez Arenas
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is one of the most common chronic conditions worldwide. It affects one in every 3 adults over 40, while one in 10 suffers from diabetes. For both diseases, adherence to pharmacological treatment is over 30%, and self-management, which takes into account diet and physical activity, is still unknown, as there is no tool available to measure self-management. Therefore, the object of this study was to adapt and validate the Spanish version of the self-management profile for type 2 diabetes (SMP-T2D) questionnaire in patients with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure among users of first level care in the social security institution of Mexico...
August 12, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805505/group-based-learning-among-caregivers-assessing-mothers-knowledge-before-and-after-an-early-childhood-intervention-in-rural-guatemala
#13
Gretchen J Domek, Brittney Macdonald, Catherine Cooper, Maureen Cunningham, Madiha Abdel-Maksoud, Stephen Berman
BACKGROUND: The first three years of a child's life are a critical period for brain growth and development. Caregiver interventions during this period that improve early childhood health and development have the potential to enhance a child's physical, mental, and social well-being. METHODS: This was a pretest/posttest quasi experimental program evaluation. Early childhood education materials were adapted to create two separate interventions consisting of 30-page interactive flipchart talks to educate mothers on health and development topics relevant to 0-6 and 6-12 month old children...
August 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804397/impact-of-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-on-adherence-to-oral-hypoglycemics-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-canada
#14
Lia Gentil, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Djamal Berbiche, Michel Préville
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing in Canada, and nonadherence to oral hypoglycemics is a common problem among older adults. This study aims to document the impact of depression and anxiety disorders on adherence to oral hypoglycemics in older adults with diabetes mellitus. Data used in this study came from the longitudinal Quebec survey on senior's health (Enquête sur la Santé des Ainés), using a representative sample of 2811 older adults aged 65 and over. The final sample for analysis consisted of 301 patients who received oral hypoglycemic pharmacotherapy...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800425/implementing-the-adapted-physical-education-e-learning-program-into-physical-education-teacher-education-program
#15
Eun Hye Kwon, Martin E Block
According to the Ministry of Education Korea (2014), the approximately 70.4% of all students with disabilities are included in general schools in Korea. However, studies show that Korean GPE teachers do not feel comforatble or prepared to include students with disabilities (Oh & Lee, 1999; Roh, 2002; Roh & Oh, 2005). The purpose of this study was to explore whether an APE e-learning supplement would have an impact on the level of self-efficacy and content knowledge of pre-service teachers related to including students with intellectual disabilities...
August 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795218/atopy-and-prostate-cancer-is-there-a-link-between-circulating-levels-of-ige-and-psa-in-humans
#16
Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Sophia N Karagiannis, Sabine Rohrmann
BACKGROUND: Atopy has been investigated as a potential risk factor for prostate cancer. IgE antibodies may be major players in protective responses against tumours, through engendering antigen presentation and enhancing adaptive immune responses targeted towards a specific allergen, but potentially also against tumour-associated antigens such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA). We therefore cross-sectionally investigated associations between circulating levels of PSA and IgE in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006...
August 9, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793948/emotion-regulation-in-chronic-disease-populations-an-integrative-review
#17
Kelly L Wierenga, Rebecca H Lehto, Barbara Given
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Emotion regulation, the experiencing, processing, and modulating of emotional response, is necessary to manage the emotional stressors common in patients with chronic illness. Overwhelming emotional demands deplete the resources needed for everyday self-care management of chronic disease, contributing to poor health outcomes. Emotion regulation is shown to impact behaviors in healthy individuals; yet, a review of literature examining evidence of associations in chronically ill populations is lacking...
August 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774339/measurement-education-and-tracking-in-integrated-care-metric-use-of-a-culturally-adapted-education-tool-versus-standard-education-to-increase-engagement-in-depression-treatment-among-hispanic-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#18
Katherine Sanchez, Brittany H Eghaneyan, Michael O Killian, Leopoldo Cabassa, Madhukar H Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Significant mental health disparities exist for Hispanic populations, especially with regard to depression treatment. Stigma and poor communication between patients and their providers result in low use of antidepressant medications and early treatment withdrawal. Cultural factors which influence treatment decisions among Hispanics include fears about the addictive and harmful properties of antidepressants, worries about taking too many pills, and the stigma attached to taking medications...
August 3, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767623/spinopelvic-changes-based-on-the-simplified-srs-schwab-adult-spinal-deformity-classification-relationships-with-disability-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adult-patients-with-prolonged-degenerative-spinal-disorders
#19
Kati Kyrölä, Jussi Repo, Jukka-Pekka Mecklin, Jari Ylinen, Hannu Kautiainen, Arja Häkkinen
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. OBJECTIVE: To study the occurrence of sagittal malalignment, the adaptability of a simplified sagittal modifiers grading of the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-Schwab adult spinal deformity classification (ASD), and the deformity-specific SRS questionnaire version 30 (SRS-30) in an unselected adult cohort with symptomatic degenerative spinal disorders. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The sagittal modifiers of the SRS-Schwab ASD classification correlate with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures in patients with ASD...
August 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764783/preferences-and-motivation-for-weight-loss-among-knee-replacement-patients-implications-for-a-patient-centered-weight-loss-intervention
#20
Christine A Pellegrini, Gwendolyn Ledford, Sara A Hoffman, Rowland W Chang, Kenzie A Cameron
BACKGROUND: Most knee replacement patients are overweight/obese, yet are commonly excluded from evidence-based weight loss programs due to mobility limitations and barriers faced around the time of surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify knee replacement patient preferences for weight loss programs and qualitatively understand previous motives for weight loss attempts as well as strategies used to facilitate behavior changes. METHODS: Patients who were either scheduled to have knee replacement or had one recently completed within the last 3 months were recruited to participate...
August 1, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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