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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731557/data-mining-potential-applications-in-research-on-nutrition-and-health
#1
Marijka Batterham, Elizabeth Neale, Allison Martin, Linda Tapsell
AIM: Data mining enables further insights from nutrition-related research, but caution is required. The aim of this analysis was to demonstrate and compare the utility of data mining methods in classifying a categorical outcome derived from a nutrition-related intervention. METHODS: Baseline data (23 variables, 8 categorical) on participants (n = 295) in an intervention trial were used to classify participants in terms of meeting the criteria of achieving 10 000 steps per day...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728063/factors-associated-with-non-return-to-work-in-the-severely-injured-victims-3-years-after-a-road-accident-a-prospective-study
#2
C Pélissier, E Fort, L Fontana, B Charbotel, M Hours
Road accidents may impact victims' physical and/or mental health and socio-occupational life, particularly the capacity to return to work. The purpose of our study is to assess modifiable medical and socio-occupational factors of non-return to work in the severely injured 3 years after a road accident. Among1,168 road accidents casualties in the Rhône administrative Département of France followed for five years, 141 of the 222 severely injured (Maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥ 3) aged more than 16 years who were in work at the time of the accident, reported whether they had returned to work in the 3 years following the accident...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724743/improving-the-healthcare-response-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-in-sexual-health-clinics-feasibility-study-of-a-training-support-and-referral-intervention
#3
Alex Hardip Sohal, Neha Pathak, Sarah Blake, Vanessa Apea, Judith Berry, Jayne Bailey, Chris Griffiths, Gene Feder
OBJECTIVES: Sexual health and gynaecological problems are the most consistent and largest physical health differences between abused and non-abused female populations. Sexual health services are well placed to identify and support patients experiencing domestic violence and abuse (DVA). Most sexual health professionals have had minimal DVA training despite English National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommendations. We sought to determine the feasibility of an evidence-based complex DVA training intervention in female sexual health walk-in services (IRIS ADViSE: Identification and Referral to Improve Safety whilst Assessing Domestic Violence in Sexual Health Environments)...
July 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721433/oral-health-and-the-frail-elderly
#4
L Rapp, S Sourdet, B Vellas, M-H Lacoste-Ferré
INTRODUCTION: The relationships between oral health conditions and frailty have rarely been explored. A systematic review of frailty components and oral health concluded that differences in study population endpoint criteria and study design cannot establish a relationship between frailty and oral health. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the distribution of the OHAT (Oral Health Assessment Tool) score in a population of frail subjects and to assess associated parameters (age, socio-economic status, living conditions, education level, nutritional habits, cognitive functioning, autonomy)...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720109/cancer-related-fatigue-implementing-guidelines-for-optimal-management
#5
Elizabeth J M Pearson, Meg E Morris, Carol E McKinstry
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a key concern for people living with cancer and can impair physical functioning and activities of daily living. Evidence-based guidelines for CRF are available, yet inconsistently implemented globally. This study aimed to identify barriers and enablers to applying a cancer fatigue guideline and to derive implementation strategies. METHODS: A mixed-method study explored the feasibility of implementing the CRF guideline developed by the Canadian Association for Psychosocial Oncology (CAPO)...
July 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719549/long-term-follow-up-of-neonatal-brachial-plexopathy-psychological-and-physical-function-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#6
Lesley Butler, Janith Mills, Heather M Richard, Russell Riddle, Marybeth Ezaki, Scott Oishi
PURPOSE: The prevalence of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) has been increasing since the early 1980s. No known studies have examined long-term psychological health and quality of life (QOL) in young adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychosocial and intellectual aspects of NBPP during adolescence into young adulthood. METHODS: A total of 31 patients were enrolled in the adolescent group (16 to 18 y) and 25 in the young adult group (23 to 28 y)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719249/applying-sensory-modulation-to-mental-health-inpatient-care-to-reduce-seclusion-and-restraint-a-case-control-study
#7
Charlotte Andersen, Anne Kolmos, Kjeld Andersen, Volkmar Sippel, Elsebeth Stenager
BACKGROUND: Clinical training in managing conflicts and preventing violence seldom contains sensory modulation (SM) as a method to de-escalate and prevent restraint and seclusion. Sensory-based interventions promote adaptive regulation of arousal and emotion. SM is a complementary approach that is associated with reduced rates of seclusion and restraint in mental healthcare, but there is need for more research in this area. AIMS: Using SM to reduce restraint and seclusion in inpatient mental health care...
July 18, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702091/educ-dom-comparative-study-of-the-telemonitoring-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-versus-standard-monitoring-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Marie-Christine Turnin, Solène Schirr-Bonnans, Jacques Martini, Jean-Christophe Buisson, Soumia Taoui, Marie-Christine Chauchard, Nadège Costa, Benoît Lepage, Laurent Molinier, Hélène Hanaire
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of type 2 diabetes is considerable. To avoid or delay its chronic complications, patients with type 2 diabetes should improve blood glucose management by adapting their life style. This involves changing the way in which diabetes is controlled. We believe that, thanks to technological innovations in connected health-monitoring devices, the telemonitoring of type 2 diabetes patients using therapeutic educational tools is likely to help them adapt their treatment and lifestyle habits, and therefore improve blood glucose management...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695296/women-s-work-gender-roles-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-nigeria
#9
Anastasia J Gage, Nicholas J Thomas
The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of women's labor force participation to the risk of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization in the past 12 months, using data for 20,635 currently married women aged 15-49 years from the 2013 nationally representative Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Multilevel logistic regression models of sexual and physical IPV, with interactions between women's work and social norms regarding traditional gender roles, were developed. Approximately 23% of women aged 15-49 years reported IPV victimization in the past 12 months...
July 10, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688910/burden-of-palliative-care-issues-encountered-by-radiation-oncologists-caring-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#10
Gregory M Parker, Virginia T LeBaron, Monica Krishnan, Ron Y Shiloh, Alexander Spektor, Lauren Hertan, Tracy A Balboni
PURPOSE: Radiation oncologists frequently provide care for patients with advanced cancer who are in their last months or weeks of life. This study examined the previously not well-characterized types and frequencies of palliative care issues encountered in consultations for palliative radiation therapy (PRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This prospective, survey-based study assessed consecutive consults for PRT from May 19, 2014, to September 26, 2014 at 3 Boston-area community and academic, hospital-based centers...
May 25, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#11
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682137/socioeconomic-and-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-physical-activity-environments-in-georgia-elementary-schools
#12
Miriam E Van Dyke, Patricia C Cheung, Padra Franks, Julie A Gazmararian
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize physical activity (PA) environments in Georgia public elementary schools and to identify socioeconomic status (SES) and racial/ethnic disparities in PA environments. DESIGN: A school setting PA survey was launched in 2013 to 2014 as a cross-sectional online survey assessing PA environment factors, including facility access and school PA practices, staff PA opportunities, parental involvement in school PA, and out-of-school PA opportunities...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679880/exploring-oral-cancer-patients-preference-in-medical-decision-making-and-quality-of-life
#13
Sun-Long Cheng, Hsien-Hua Liao, Pei-Wei Shueng, Hsi-Chieh Lee, Chalong Cheewakriangkrai, Chi-Chang Chang
Little is known about the clinical effects of shared medical decision making (SMDM) associated with quality of life about oral cancer? To understand patients who occurred potential cause of SMDM and extended to explore the interrelated components of quality of life for providing patients with potential adaptation of early assessment. All consenting patients completed the SMDM questionnaire and 36-Item Short Form (SF-36). Regression analyses were conducted to find predictors of quality of life among oral cancer patients...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679540/assessing-the-measurement-properties-of-a-frailty-index-across-the-age-spectrum-in-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#14
David M Kanters, Lauren E Griffith, David B Hogan, Julie Richardson, Christopher Patterson, Parminder Raina
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a way to appreciate the variable vulnerability to declining health status of people as they age. No consensus for measuring frailty has been established. This study aimed to adapt a Frailty Index (FI) to the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) and evaluate its applicability in both younger and older adults. METHODS: An FI was created based on 90 potential health deficits collected from adults aged 45-85 years at recruitment (N=21 241, 49...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678317/analysis-of-psychological-characteristics-of-obese-children
#15
L-F Liu, Q-T Bian, J-G Zhai
OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to analyze the psychological characteristics of obese children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected 60 cases of obese children as obesity group and according to 1:1 matching principle, we selected 60 normal weight children as the control group. We investigated and analyzed children's family behavior, mental health, temperament, self-consciousness and social adaptability. RESULTS: The proportion of children with adverse behavior in the obesity group was significantly higher than that in the control group (p < 0...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670546/indirect-calorimetry-from-bench-to-bedside
#16
REVIEW
Riddhi Das Gupta, Roshna Ramachandran, Padmanaban Venkatesan, Shajith Anoop, Mini Joseph, Nihal Thomas
Accurate determination of energy expenditure (EE) is vitally important yet often neglected in clinical practice. Indirect calorimetry (IC) provides one of the most sensitive, accurate, and noninvasive measurements of EE in an individual. Over the last couple of decades, this technique has been applied to clinical circumstances such as acute illness and parenteral nutrition. Beyond assessing the nutritional needs, it has also shed light on various aspects of nutrient assimilation, thermogenesis, the energetics of physical exercise, and the pathogenesis of obesity and diabetes...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662674/evaluation-of-a-knowledge-transfer-scheme-to-improve-policy-making-and-practices-in-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention-setting-in-french-regions-a-realist-study-protocol
#17
Linda Cambon, Audrey Petit, Valery Ridde, Christian Dagenais, Marion Porcherie, Jeanine Pommier, Chrisine Ferron, Laetitia Minary, François Alla
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based decision-making and practice are pivotal in public health. However, barriers do persist and they relate to evidence properties, organisations and contexts. To address these major knowledge transfer (KT) issues, we need to rethink how knowledge is produced and used, to enhance our understanding of decision-making processes, logics and mechanisms and to examine the ability of public health services to integrate research findings into their decisions and operations...
June 29, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658267/impact-of-a-hybrid-tgfu-sport-education-unit-on-student-motivation-in-physical-education
#18
Alexander Gil-Arias, Stephen Harvey, Adrián Cárceles, Alba Práxedes, Fernando Del Villar
The Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) and Sport Education (SE) pedagogical models share several objectives and pedagogical processes. Despite this seemingly uncanny relationship, few studies have examined the efficacy of a hybrid TGfU/SE pedagogical model, particularly how a teacher's utilization of such a model impacts on student motivation. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect a hybrid TGfU/SE unit, in comparison to direct instruction, on students' perceptions of various aspects of their motivation to engage in physical education (autonomous motivation, basic psychological needs, enjoyment and intention to be physically active)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651640/quality-in-intensive-care-units-proposal-of-an-assessment-instrument
#19
Alexandre Guilherme Ribeiro de Carvalho, Ana Paula Pierre de Moraes, Lilian Maria Sobreira Tanaka, Renato Vieira Gomes, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing need for standardized instruments for quality assessment that are able to reflect the actual conditions of the intensive care practices, especially in low and middle-income countries. The aim of this article is to describe the preparation of an instrument for quality assessment of adult intensive care services adapted to the actual conditions of intensive care in a middle-income country and comprising indicators validated in the literature. METHODS: The study consisted of five steps: (1) a literature survey; (2) a discussion with specialists by consensus method; (3) a pilot field test; (4) a description of indicators; and (5) an elaboration of the final version of the instrument...
June 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648901/the-asia-pacific-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-frailty
#20
Elsa Dent, Christopher Lien, Wee Shiong Lim, Wei Chin Wong, Chek Hooi Wong, Tze Pin Ng, Jean Woo, Birong Dong, Shelley de la Vega, Philip Jun Hua Poi, Shahrul Bahyah Binti Kamaruzzaman, Chang Won, Liang-Kung Chen, Kenneth Rockwood, Hidenori Arai, Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas, Li Cao, Matteo Cesari, Piu Chan, Edward Leung, Francesco Landi, Linda P Fried, John E Morley, Bruno Vellas, Leon Flicker
OBJECTIVE: To develop Clinical Practice Guidelines for the screening, assessment and management of the geriatric condition of frailty. METHODS: An adapted Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach was used to develop the guidelines. This process involved detailed evaluation of the current scientific evidence paired with expert panel interpretation. Three categories of Clinical Practice Guidelines recommendations were developed: strong, conditional, and no recommendation...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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