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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228368/a-web-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-spanish-speaking-latinas-a-costs-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#1
Britta Larsen, Bess Marcus, Dori Pekmezi, Sheri Hartman, Todd Gilmer
BACKGROUND: Latinas report particularly low levels of physical activity and suffer from greater rates of lifestyle-related conditions such as obesity and diabetes. Interventions are needed that can increase physical activity in this growing population in a large-scale, cost-effective manner. Web-based interventions may have potential given the increase in Internet use among Latinas and the scalability of Web-based programs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the costs and cost-effectiveness of a Web-based, Spanish-language physical activity intervention for Latinas compared to a wellness contact control...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227951/smartsock-a-wearable-platform-for-context-aware-assessment-of-ankle-edema
#2
Ramin Fallahzadeh, Mahdi Pedram, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Ramin Fallahzadeh, Mahdi Pedram, Hassan Ghasemzadeh
Ankle edema an important symptom for monitoring patients with chronic systematic diseases. It is an important indicator of onset or exacerbation of a variety of diseases that disturb cardiovascular, renal, or hepatic system such as heart, liver, and kidney failure, diabetes, etc. The current approaches toward edema assessment are conducted during clinical visits. In-clinic assessments, in addition to being burdensome and expensive, are sometimes not reliable and neglect important contextual factors such as patient's physical activity level and body posture...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193194/the-objective-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-disease-health-in-older-women-opach-study
#3
Andrea Z LaCroix, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, David Buchner, Kelly R Evenson, Chongzhi Di, I-Min Lee, Steve Marshall, Michael J LaMonte, Julie Hunt, Lesley Fels Tinker, Marcia Stefanick, Cora E Lewis, John Bellettiere, Amy H Herring
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists to inform physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior guidelines for older people, especially women. Rigorous evidence on the amounts, intensities, and movement patterns associated with better health in later life is needed. METHODS/DESIGN: The Objective PA and Cardiovascular Health (OPACH) Study is an ancillary study to the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Program that examines associations of accelerometer-assessed PA and sedentary behavior with cardiovascular and fall events...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185657/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-breast-and-colon-cancer-survivors-relative-to-adults-without-cancer
#4
Joyce W Shi, Robert J MacInnis, Terry Boyle, Jeff K Vallance, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Brigid M Lynch
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in accelerometer-assessed moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), light-intensity physical activity, and sedentary time between cancer survivors and adults without cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Accelerometer data collected from 241 breast cancer survivors (ACCEL-Breast study, 2013) and 171 colon cancer survivors (ACCEL-Colon study, 2012-2013) were pooled with data collected from adults without cancer (Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle accelerometer substudy, 2011-2012)...
February 6, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181824/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-healthcare-expenditures-related-to-arterial-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-people-sabe-study
#5
Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lucia Lebrão
BACKGROUND: Research using questionnaires has shown that physical activity level (PAL) is associated with healthcare costs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between objectively measured PAL and healthcare costs among hypertensive and diabetic non-institutionalized Brazilian older people. METHODS: Cross-sectional study forming part of the SABE Study, composed of 377 older people interviewed in 2010. Expenditures were estimated taking into account self-reported medicine prescription, outpatient service and hospitalizations, with the highest quartile of expenditures considered as a risk category...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177728/long-term-effects-of-daily-postprandial-physical-activity-on-blood-glucose-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Håvard Nygaard, Eirik Grindaker, Bent Ronny Rønnestad, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Arne Torbjørn Høstmark
Previous studies have shown that a bout of moderate or light postprandial physical activity effectively blunts the postprandial increase in blood glucose. The objective of this study was to test whether regular light postprandial physical activity can improve glycemia in persons with hyperglycemia or with high risk of hyperglycemia. We randomized 56 participants to an intervention or a control group. They were diagnosed as hyperglycemic, not using anti-diabetics or categorized as high-risk individuals for type 2 diabetes...
January 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173623/impact-of-accelerometer-and-pedometer-use-on-physical-activity-and-glycaemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
R Baskerville, I Ricci-Cabello, N Roberts, A Farmer
BACKGROUND: Self-directed pedometer use increases physical activity levels in the general population; however, evidence of benefit for Type 2 diabetes is unclear and has not been systematically reviewed for accelerometers. AIM: To examine the impact of using physical activity monitoring devices (pedometers and accelerometers) on free-living physical activity and HbA1c levels in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review...
February 7, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169570/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-promoting-objectively-measured-physical-activity-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#8
Shaima Alothman, Abdalghani Yahya, Jason Rucker, Patricia M Kluding
BACKGROUND: Many people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are sedentary despite strong recommendations of regular physical activity (PA). Objective measures of PA provide accurate reflection of daily PA level. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies used pedometers or accelerometers to determine the outcome of interventions promoted daily PA in people with T2D. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted using the PubMed and CINAHL databases (2000 - 2016), with search terms: sedentary, diabetes, pedometer, physical activity, and accelerometer...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169566/physical-activity-throughout-adolescence-and-hba1c-in-early-adulthood-birth-cohort-study
#9
Priscila M Nakamura, Grégore I Mielke, Bernardo L Horta, Maria Cecília Assunção, Helen Gonçalves, Ana Mb Menezes, Fernando C Barros, Ulf Ekelund, Soren Brage, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Isabel O Oliveira, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is responsible for 7% of diabetes deaths worldwide, but little is known whether low levels of physical activity (PA) during adolescence increase the risk of diabetes in early adulthood. We evaluated the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between PA throughout adolescence and HbA1c concentration in early adulthood. METHODS: HbA1c was measured by high performance liquid chromatography. PA was assessed by self-report at the ages of 11, 15 and 18 years and by accelerometry at the ages of 13 (sub-sample) and 18 years...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149710/associations-of-objectively-measured-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-with-all-cause-mortality-in-a-population-of-adults-at-high-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Kishan Bakrania, Charlotte L Edwardson, Kamlesh Khunti, Joseph Henson, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Mark Hamer, Melanie J Davies, Thomas Yates
The relationships of physical activity and sedentary time with all-cause mortality in those at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are unexplored. To address this gap in knowledge, we examined the associations of objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time with all-cause mortality in a population of adults at high risk of T2DM. In 2010-2011, 712 adults (Leicestershire, U.K.), identified as being at high risk of T2DM, consented to be followed up for mortality...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129250/carotid-femoral-pulse-wave-velocity-in-type-2-diabetes-and-hypertension-capturing-arterial-health-effects-of-step-counts
#11
Kaberi Dasgupta, Ellen Rosenberg, Lawrence Joseph, Luc Trudeau, Natasha Garfield, Deborah Chan, Mark Sherman, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Stella S Daskalopoulou
OBJECTIVE: Optimal medication use obscures the impact of physical activity on traditional cardiometabolic risk factors. We evaluated the relationship between step counts and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), a summative risk indicator, in patients with type 2 diabetes and/or hypertension. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Three hundred and sixty-nine participants were recruited (outpatient clinics; Montreal, Quebec; 2011-2015). Physical activity (pedometer/accelerometer), cfPWV (applanation tonometry), and risk factors (A1C, Homeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance, blood pressure, lipid profiles) were evaluated...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121795/change-in-sedentary-time-physical-activity-bodyweight-and-hba1c-in-high-risk-adults
#12
Matthew McCarthy, Charlotte L Edwardson, Melanie J Davies, Joseph Henson, Laura Gray, Kamlesh Khunti, Thomas Yates
PURPOSE: In recent years, there has been a migration towards the use of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in determining glycemic control. This study aimed to quantify the associations between changes in body weight, sedentary time and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) time with HbA1c levels over a three year period among adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This study reports baseline and three year follow-up data from the Walking Away from Type 2 Diabetes study...
January 24, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119881/relationships-among-exercise-capacity-dynamic-balance-and-gait-characteristics-of-nigerian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-an-indication-for-fall-prevention
#13
Taofeek O Awotidebe, Rita N Ativie, Kayode I Oke, Mukadas O Akindele, Rufus A Adedoyin, Mathew O B Olaogun, Temitope E Olubayode, Babatope A Kolawole
This study investigated the relationships among exercise capacity (EC), dynamic balance (DB), and gait characteristics (GCs) of patients with type-2 diabetes (T2D) and healthy controls (HCs). This observational controlled study involved 125 patients with T2D receiving treatment at a Nigerian university teaching hospital and 125 apparently healthy patients' relatives and hospital staff recruited as controls. EC maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) was estimated following a 6-min walk test. DB and GC were assessed using the Time Up to Go Test and an accelerometer (BTS G-Walk) assessing gait speed, step length, stride length, and cadence respectively during a self-selected walk...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112860/associations-of-objective-physical-activity-with-insulin-sensitivity-and-circulating-adipokine-profile-the-framingham-heart-study
#14
N L Spartano, M D Stevenson, V Xanthakis, M G Larson, C Andersson, J M Murabito, R S Vasan
The purpose of this study was to explore the relation of physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (SED) to insulin sensitivity and adipokines. We assessed PA and SED using Actical accelerometers and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in 2109 participants (free of type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus) from Framingham Generation 3 and Omni 2 cohorts (mean age 46 years, 54% women). Systemic inflammation (C-reactive protein [CRP]) and circulating adipokines were measured 6 years earlier. Steps per day, moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and SED per wear time (%SED) were predictor variables in multivariable regression analyses, with HOMA-IR, CRP and circulating adipokines as outcome measures...
January 23, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056933/study-protocol-for-movediabetes-a-trial-to-promote-physical-activity-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-health-care-in-oman
#15
Thamra S Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Angela M Craigie, Maureen Mcleod, Annie S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Benefits of physical activity in the management of diabetes are well documented. However, evidence on the effectiveness of interventions integrating physical activity in diabetes care is sparse especially in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. The results from this study will increase our understanding of the use of multi-component interventions aimed at increasing physical activity levels in inactive adults with type 2 diabetes in primary health care in Oman. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a one year 1:1 cluster randomized controlled trial of the MOVEdiabetes programme (intervention) versus usual care in eight primary health care centres in Oman...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955680/-walk-this-way-a-pilot-of-a-health-coaching-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-and-increase-low-intensity-exercise-in-people-with-serious-mental-illness-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Julie Williams, Brendon Stubbs, Fiona Gaughran, Tom Craig
BACKGROUND: People with serious mental illness (SMI) (psychosis, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder) experience a considerable risk of premature mortality because of cardiovascular disease. Recent research has demonstrated that this population spends almost 13 h per day being sedentary. Sedentary behaviour is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Given the potential for physical activity to improve health and well-being in people with SMI, we developed a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate a coaching intervention aimed at reducing sedentary behaviour and increasing physical activity in people with SMI...
December 12, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887769/activity-and-sedentary-time-10-years-after-a-successful-lifestyle-intervention-the-diabetes-prevention-program
#17
Bonny Rockette-Wagner, Kristi L Storti, Dana Dabelea, Sharon Edelstein, Hermes Florez, Paul W Franks, Maria G Montez, Jeremy Pomeroy, Andrea M Kriska
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to determine if evidence exists for a lasting effect of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) lifestyle intervention on activity levels by comparing objectively collected activity data between the DPP Outcome Study (DPPOS) cohort and adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES; 2003-2006). METHODS: Average minutes/day of light and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior from ActiGraph accelerometers (collected 2010-2012) were examined (2013-2014) for comparable DPPOS and NHANES subgroups by age, sex, and diabetes status...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807091/cohort-profile-pacific-islands-families-pif-growth-study-auckland-new-zealand
#18
E Rush, M Oliver, L D Plank, S Taylor, L Iusitini, S Jalili-Moghaddam, F Savila, J Paterson, E Tautolo
PURPOSE: This article profiles a birth cohort of Pacific children participating in an observational prospective study and describes the study protocol used at ages 14-15 years to investigate how food and activity patterns, metabolic risk and family and built environment are related to rates of physical growth of Pacific children. PARTICIPANTS: From 2000 to 2015, the Pacific Islands Families Study has followed, from birth, the growth and development of over 1000 Pacific children born in Auckland, New Zealand...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761471/exercise-therapy-for-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-superior-efficacy-of-activity-monitors-over-pedometers
#19
Masaaki Miyauchi, Masao Toyoda, Noriko Kaneyama, Han Miyatake, Eitaro Tanaka, Moritsugu Kimura, Tomoya Umezono, Masafumi Fukagawa
We compared the efficacy of activity monitor (which displays exercise intensity and number of steps) versus that of pedometer in exercise therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes. The study subjects were divided into the activity monitor group (n = 92) and pedometer group (n = 95). The primary goal was improvement in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). The exercise target was set at 8,000 steps/day and 20 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise (≥3.5 metabolic equivalents). The activity monitor is equipped with a triple-axis accelerometer sensor capable of measuring medium-intensity walking duration, number of steps, walking distance, calorie consumption, and total calorie consumption...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756289/physical-activity-and-the-risk-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-amongst-pregnant-women-living-in-soweto-a-study-protocol
#20
Tasneem Khan, Shelley Macaulay, Shane A Norris, Lisa K Micklesfield, Estelle D Watson
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased rapidly in both developed and developing countries and has become a growing health concern worldwide. A recent systematic review highlighted the paucity of data available on the prevalence and potential burden of GDM in Africa, which was emphasised by the fact that only 11 % of African countries were represented in the review. In South Africa, the prevalence of GDM remains unknown, although one would estimate it to be high due to urbanisation and the growing obesity epidemic...
October 18, 2016: BMC Women's Health
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