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"Accelerometer " "diabetes"

Masaaki Miyauchi, Masao Toyoda, Noriko Kaneyama, Han Miyatake, Eitaro Tanaka, Moritsugu Kimura, Tomoya Umezono, Masafumi Fukagawa
We compared the efficacy of activity monitor (which displays exercise intensity and number of steps) versus that of pedometer in exercise therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes. The study subjects were divided into the activity monitor group (n = 92) and pedometer group (n = 95). The primary goal was improvement in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). The exercise target was set at 8,000 steps/day and 20 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise (≥3.5 metabolic equivalents). The activity monitor is equipped with a triple-axis accelerometer sensor capable of measuring medium-intensity walking duration, number of steps, walking distance, calorie consumption, and total calorie consumption...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Tasneem Khan, Shelley Macaulay, Shane A Norris, Lisa K Micklesfield, Estelle D Watson
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased rapidly in both developed and developing countries and has become a growing health concern worldwide. A recent systematic review highlighted the paucity of data available on the prevalence and potential burden of GDM in Africa, which was emphasised by the fact that only 11 % of African countries were represented in the review. In South Africa, the prevalence of GDM remains unknown, although one would estimate it to be high due to urbanisation and the growing obesity epidemic...
October 18, 2016: BMC Women's Health
Namratha R Kandula, Swapna Dave, Peter John De Chavez, David X Marquez, Himali Bharucha, Shinu Mammen, Andrea Dunaif, Ronald T Ackermann, Santosh Kumar, Juned Siddique
PURPOSE: South Asians (Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Sri Lankans, Nepalis, and Bhutanese) in the United States have a very high prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). This pilot study evaluated a culturally-tailored exercise intervention among South Asian immigrant mothers with DM risk factors. METHODS: Through an academic-community partnership, South Asian women with risk factors for DM and who had at least one child between 6-14 years were enrolled into this single-arm study...
June 15, 2016: Transl J Am Coll Sports Med
Samantha Hajna, Yan Kestens, Stella S Daskalopoulou, Lawrence Joseph, Benoit Thierry, Mark Sherman, Luc Trudeau, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Leslie Meissner, Simon L Bacon, Lise Gauvin, Nancy A Ross, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Converging international evidence suggests that diabetes incidence is lower among adults living in more walkable neighbourhoods. The association between walkability and physical activity (PA), the presumed mediator of this relationship, has not been carefully examined in adults with type 2 diabetes. We investigated the associations of walkability with total PA occurring within home neighbourhoods and overall PA, irrespective of location. METHODS: Participants (n = 97; 59...
2016: BMC Public Health
Minakshi Nayak, Miriam Peinhaupt, Akos Heinemann, Marelise E W Eekhoff, Willem van Mechelen, Gernot Desoye, Mireille N M van Poppel
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior is an independent risk factor for the metabolic syndrome, but the role of sedentary behavior in the development of gestational diabetes is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study tested the hypothesis that less sedentary behavior is related to better insulin sensitivity, lipid and cytokine profile in obese pregnant women. METHODS: A longitudinal observational study with 46 overweight and obese pregnant women was conducted...
December 2016: Cytokine
T Yates, C L Edwardson, J Henson, L J Gray, N B Ashra, J Troughton, K Khunti, M J Davies
AIMS: This study aimed to investigate whether an established behavioural intervention, Walking Away from Type 2 Diabetes, is effective at promoting and sustaining increased walking activity when delivered within primary care. METHODS: Cluster randomized controlled trial involving 10 general practices recruited from Leicestershire, UK, in 2009-2010. Eight hundred and eight (36% female) individuals with a high risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus, identified through a validated risk score, were included...
September 2, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Jesus D Ceron, Diego M Lopez
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior has been associated to the development of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD), type 2 diabetes, and cancer. Accelerometers and inclinometers have been used to estimate sedentary behaviors, however a major limitation is that these devices do not provide contextual information such as the activity performed, e.g., TV viewing, sitting at work, driving, etc. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the thesis is to propose and evaluate a Personal Health Record System to support the assessment and monitoring of sedentary behaviors...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Paul D Loprinzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
Jessica L Unick, Sarah A Gaussoin, James O Hill, John M Jakicic, Dale S Bond, Margareta Hellgren, Karen C Johnson, Anne L Peters, Mace Coday, Dalane W Kitzman, Suzette Bossart, Rena R Wing
: Physical activity (PA) has numerous health benefits, particularly for those with diabetes. However, rates of long-term PA participation are often poor. PURPOSE: This study examined the effect of an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) on objectively-assessed PA over a 4-year period among older adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data from 2400 participants (age: 59.3±6.9 yrs; BMI: 36.1±5.9 kg/m) with accelerometry data from the Look AHEAD trial were included in the analyses...
July 27, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Martin Lindgren, Mats Börjesson, Örjan Ekblom, Göran Bergström, Georgios Lappas, Annika Rosengren
Living in a low socioeconomic status (SES) area is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Previous studies have suggested a socioeconomic gradient in daily physical activity (PA), but have mainly relied on self-reported data, and individual rather than residential area SES. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between residential area SES, PA pattern, compliance with PA-recommendations and fitness in a Swedish middle-aged population, using objective measurements...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Raquel Poyatos-León, Gema Sanabria-Martínez, Jorge Cañete García-Prieto, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Diana P Pozuelo-Carrascosa, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Antonio García-Hermoso, Sagrario Gómez-Cantarino, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the influence of physical exercise on pregnancy outcomes has been widely debated. Despite the numerous studies addressing the relationship between maternal physical activity and pregnancy outcomes, the evidence for consistent and significant impact of regular exercise during pregnancy on fetal growth remains lacking. The aims of this study were, first, to assess the level of physical activity performed throughout the pregnancy by objective (accelerometer) and self-reported (questionnaire) measurements, and, second, to ascertain pre-pregnancy physical activity levels, to estimate the relationship between levels of physical activity and some pregnancy and neonatal outcomes...
2016: BMC Public Health
Kathryn Anne McMillan, Alison Kirk, Allan Hewitt, Sandra MacRury
AIM: The aim was to review studies examining the effectiveness, acceptability, and feasibility of mobile-based technology for promoting active lifestyles in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). BACKGROUND: Benefits of leading an active lifestyle following a diagnosis of T2D, including improved glycemic control, have been reported. Studies examining the specific use of mobile-based technologies to promote an active lifestyle in T2D have not previously been reviewed...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Bess H Marcus, Sheri J Hartman, Britta A Larsen, Dori Pekmezi, Shira I Dunsiger, Sarah Linke, Becky Marquez, Kim M Gans, Beth C Bock, Andrea S Mendoza-Vasconez, Madison L Noble, Carlos Rojas
BACKGROUND: Internet access has grown markedly in Latinos during the past decade. However, there have been no Internet-based physical activity interventions designed for Latinos, despite large disparities in lifestyle-related conditions, such as obesity and diabetes, particularly in Latina women. The current study tested the efficacy of a 6-month culturally adapted, individually tailored, Spanish-language Internet-based physical activity intervention. METHODS: Inactive Latinas (N = 205) were randomly assigned to the Tailored Physical Activity Internet Intervention or the Wellness Contact Control Internet Group...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Y Qiao, J Ma, Y Wang, W Li, P T Katzmarzyk, J-P Chaput, M Fogelholm, W D Johnson, R Kuriyan, A Kurpad, E V Lambert, C Maher, J Maia, V Matsudo, T Olds, V Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke, T S Church, P Zhao, G Hu
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated the association between the full range of birth weight and the risk of childhood obesity in high-, middle- and low-income countries. The aim of the present study is to assess the association between different levels of birth weight and the risk of obesity among children aged 9-11 years in 12 countries. METHODS: A multinational, cross-sectional study of 5141 children aged 9-11 years was conducted in 12 countries. Height and weight were obtained using standardized methods...
December 2015: International Journal of Obesity Supplements
Laura Desveaux, Roger S Goldstein, Sunita Mathur, Ali Hassan, Michael Devlin, Tim Pauley, Dina Brooks
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether adults with diabetes and with transtibial amputations (TTAs) are meeting the recommended guidelines for physical activity intensity and daily step counts. The secondary objectives were to 1) to explore whether physical activity levels are maintained following discharge from prosthetic rehabilitation and 2) to determine whether clinical measures of physical function are associated with physical activity. METHODS: Adults ≥40 years of age with TTAs secondary to diabetes were recruited following discharge from prosthetic rehabilitation...
August 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
L Alison Phillips, Joshua Cohen, Edith Burns, Jessica Abrams, Steffi Renninger
Non-adherence to health behaviors required for chronic illness self-management is pervasive. Advancing health-behavior theory to include behavioral initiation and maintenance factors, including reflective (e.g., belief- and feedback-based) and automatic (e.g., habit-based) mechanisms of adherence to different treatment-related behaviors could improve non-adherence prediction and intervention efforts. To test behavioral initiation and maintenance factors from an extended common sense self-regulation theoretical framework for predicting medication adherence and physical activity among patients with Type 2 diabetes...
March 16, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Deepa P Rao, Heather Orpana, Daniel Krewski
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a prevalent risk condition associated with a higher risk of chronic conditions, including diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Physical activity and non-movement behaviours (NMB), including sleep, screen time and sedentary activity, have been associated with MetS. In light of the increasing prevalence of NMBs, and the moderate rates of physical activity guideline adherence in Canada, this analysis examines the independent and combined associations of NMB and physical activity with MetS...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Bonny Rockette-Wagner, Kristi L Storti, Sharon Edelstein, Linda M Delahanty, Bryan Galvin, Alexandra Jackson, Andrea M Kriska
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions that encourage increasing physical activity (PA) and losing weight are critical for overweight and obese youth with comorbid conditions. Assessing PA within such lifestyle intervention efforts requires measurement tool(s) that are both accurate and appropriate for these youth. This research compares PA levels and sedentary behavior in an ethnically diverse cohort of overweight/obese youth with type 2 diabetes using both accelerometry and a questionnaire previously validated in the general youth population...
February 9, 2016: Childhood Obesity
Julianne D van der Berg, Coen D A Stehouwer, Hans Bosma, Jeroen H P M van der Velde, Paul J B Willems, Hans H C M Savelberg, Miranda T Schram, Simone J S Sep, Carla J H van der Kallen, Ronald M A Henry, Pieter C Dagnelie, Nicolaas C Schaper, Annemarie Koster
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The study investigated cross-sectional associations of total amount and patterns of sedentary behaviour with glucose metabolism status and the metabolic syndrome. METHODS: We included 2,497 participants (mean age 60.0 ± 8.1 years, 52% men) from The Maastricht Study who were asked to wear an activPAL accelerometer 24 h/day for 8 consecutive days. We calculated the daily amount of sedentary time, daily number of sedentary breaks and prolonged sedentary bouts (≥30 min), and the average duration of the sedentary bouts...
April 2016: Diabetologia
Jennifer L Gay, David M Buchner, Michael D Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to characterize the dose-response relationship between moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA), and light-intensity activity with HbA1c in adults at low, moderate, and high risks of type 2 diabetes, and to compare the relationship of short (1 to 9min) versus long (10+min) bouts of MVPA with HbA1c. METHODS: Data from 2707 participants from the 2003-2006 National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed in 2014-2015...
May 2016: Preventive Medicine
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