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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726906/associations-of-sedentary-time-and-diabetes-in-6166-older-women-the-objective-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-health-study
#1
John Bellettiere, Genevieve N Healy, Michael J LaMonte, Jacqueline Kerr, Kelly R Evenson, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Chongzhi Di, David M Buchner, Melbourne F Hovell, Andrea Z LaCroix
Background: We examined associations of sedentary time and sedentary accumulation patterns (i.e., how sedentary time is accumulated) with prevalent diabetes in an ethnically diverse cohort of older women. Methods: Community-dwelling women aged 63-99 (n=6,116; median age=79) wore ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometers 24 hours/day for up to seven days from which we derived average daily sedentary time and three measures of sedentary accumulation patterns: breaks in sedentary time, usual sedentary bout duration, and alpha...
May 3, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716559/health-behaviour-changes-in-partners-of-women-with-recent-gestational-diabetes-a-phase-iia-trial
#2
Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Sara J Meltzer, Romina Pace, Natasha Garfield, Ariane Godbout, Leslie Meissner, Elham Rahme, Deborah Da Costa, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: We recently demonstrated that a gestational diabetes history in mothers is associated with higher postpartum incident diabetes not only in mothers but also in fathers. In the present study, we examined changes in health behaviours and cardiometabolic profiles in both mothers and partners who participated in a diabetes prevention program within 5 years of a gestational diabetes pregnancy. METHODS: Couples were enrolled into a 13-week program that included 5 half-day group sessions and web/telephone-based support between sessions...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686977/a-prototype-exercise-empowerment-mobile-video-game-for-children-with-cancer-and-its-usability-assessment-developing-digital-empowerment-interventions-for-pediatric-diseases
#3
Carol S Bruggers, Sabrina Baranowski, Mathew Beseris, Rachel Leonard, Derek Long, Elizabeth Schulte, Ashton Shorter, Rowan Stigner, Clinton C Mason, Alisa Bedrov, Ian Pascual, Grzegorz Bulaj
Background: Medical advances continue to improve morbidity and mortality of serious pediatric diseases, including cancer, driving research addressing diminished physical and psychological quality of life in children with these chronic conditions. Empowerment enhances resilience and positively influences health, disease, and therapy understanding. We describe the development and usability assessment of a prototype Empower Stars! mobile video game grounded in behavioral and exercise theories with the purpose of coupling physical exercise with empowerment over disease in children with cancer...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659929/cross-associations-between-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-on-metabolic-health-a-comparative-assessment-using-self-reported-and-objectively-measured-activity
#4
Niels Thakkar, Veronica Jamnik, Chris I Ardern
Purpose: Physical activity and sedentary time have distinct physiologic and metabolic effects, but little is known about their joint associations. Methods: The Canadian Health Measures Survey (n = 5950) was used to (i) examine the joint relationship between active/non-sedentary (referent group), active/sedentary, inactive/non-sedentary and inactive/sedentary phenotypes on obesity and metabolic health; and (ii) compare these relationships when using objective (accelerometer) total activity or subjective (self-report) leisure-time measures...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610523/physical-activity-visual-impairment-and-eye-disease
#5
REVIEW
Sharon R Ong, Jonathan G Crowston, Paul D Loprinzi, Pradeep Y Ramulu
Numerous studies have demonstrated physical activity is a strong factor in overall health and well-being, and a growing body of literature, reviewed herein, suggests that several eye conditions, including glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy, are associated with lower activity levels. Likewise, physical activity levels are lower in persons with worse vision. Research in this area has utilized both self-reported physical activity measures as well as objective measures of activity (i...
April 3, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499395/influence-of-the-workplace-on-physical-activity-and-cardiometabolic-health-results-of-the-multi-centre-cross-sectional-champlain-nurses-study
#6
Jennifer L Reed, Stephanie A Prince, Andrew L Pipe, Suzanne Attallah, Kristi B Adamo, Heather E Tulloch, Douglas Manuel, Kerri-Anne Mullen, George Fodor, Robert D Reid
BACKGROUND: Nurses are the largest professional group within the health care workforce, and their work is perceived as being physically demanding. Regular physical activity helps to prevent or ameliorate cardiometabolic conditions (e.g. cardiovascular disease, diabetes). It is not known whether Canadian nurses are meeting current physical activity guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of the workplace on the physical activity and cardiometabolic health of nurses from hospitals in the Champlain region of Ontario, Canada...
May 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425636/computerised-decision-support-in-physical-activity-interventions-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Andreas Triantafyllidis, Dimitris Filos, Jomme Claes, Roselien Buys, Véronique Cornelissen, Evangelia Kouidi, Ioanna Chouvarda, Nicos Maglaveras
BACKGROUND: The benefits of regular physical activity for health and quality of life are unarguable. New information, sensing and communication technologies have the potential to play a critical role in computerised decision support and coaching for physical activity. OBJECTIVES: We provide a literature review of recent research in the development of physical activity interventions employing computerised decision support, their feasibility and effectiveness in healthy and diseased individuals, and map out challenges and future research directions...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361921/-happy-feet-evaluating-the-benefits-of-a-100-day-10-000-step-challenge-on-mental-health-and-wellbeing
#8
K T Hallam, S Bilsborough, M de Courten
BACKGROUND: An increased awareness of the health benefits of walking has emerged with the development and refinement of accelerometer equipment. Evidence is beginning to highlight the value of promoting walking, particularly focusing on the Japanese mark of obtaining 10,000 steps per day. Workplace based step challenges have become popular to engage large cohorts in increasing their daily physical activity in a sustainable and enjoyable way. Findings are now highlighting the positive health effects of these medium-term programs (typically conducted over a few months) in terms of cardiovascular health, reducing diabetes risk and improving lifestyle factors such as weight and blood pressure...
January 24, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360664/beyond-cut-points-accelerometer-metrics-that-capture-the-physical-activity-profile
#9
Alex V Rowlands, Charlotte L Edwardson, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti, Deirdre M Harrington, Tom Yates
PURPOSE: Commonly used physical activity metrics tell us little about the intensity distribution across the activity profile. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a metric, the intensity gradient, which can be used in combination with average acceleration (overall activity level) to fully describe the activity profile. METHODS: 1669 adolescent girls (sample 1) and 295 adults with type 2 diabetes (sample 2) wore a GENEActiv accelerometer on their non-dominant wrist for up to 7-days...
January 23, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313169/upright-activity-and-higher-motor-function-may-preserve-bone-mineral-density-within-6-months-of-stroke-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Karen Borschmann, Sandra Iuliano, Ali Ghasem-Zadeh, Leonid Churilov, Marco Y C Pang, Julie Bernhardt
PURPOSE: Bone fragility contributes to increased fracture risk, but little is known about the emergence of post-stroke bone loss. We investigated skeletal changes and relationships with physical activity, stroke severity, motor control and lean mass within 6 months of stroke. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. Participants were non-diabetic but unable to walk within 2 weeks of first stroke. Distal tibial volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD, primary outcome), bone geometry and microstructure (high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography) were assessed at baseline and 6 months, as were secondary outcomes total body bone mineral content and lean mass (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry), bone metabolism (serum osteocalcin, N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen (P1NP), C-terminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX)), physical activity (PAL2 accelerometer) and motor control (Chedoke McMaster) which were also measured at 1 and 3 months...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290409/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-examining-physical-activity-in-young-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Carrie B Tully, Miriam Toaff, Linda Herbert, Loretta DiPietro, Celia Henderson, Fran Cogen, Randi Streisand
Physical activity is important but may be difficult to evaluate in young children (YC) with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) because of parents' fears of hypoglycemia, difficulties engaging YC in physical activity, and use of assessment devices. This study aimed to explore the acceptability and feasibility of an in-lab exercise session for YC with T1D. Ten YC ages 3 through7 years with T1D participated in a 20-minute exercise session while wearing blinded continuous glucose monitors and accelerometers. High acceptability was found for participation in the exercise session; high feasibility and acceptability were reported for the assessments...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225441/a-racial-comparison-of-differences-between-self-reported-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-among-us-adults-with-diabetes
#12
Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Jeffrey S Arroyo, Stanley Hsia, Neda Rouhi Brojeni, Deyu Pan
Objective: To investigate: 1) the racial/ethnic disparities in meeting the recommended physical activity as measured by subjective vs objective measures in a national sample of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus; and 2) the racial/ethnic differences with respect to the magnitude of the discrepancy between self-reported and objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic physical activity (MVPA). Methods: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-06 to calculate and compare the percentage of individuals with diabetes who achieved the recommended levels of physical activity as measured by subjective self-report (500 metabolic equivalents (MET)-minutes/week) and objective accelerometer measurement (150 minutes per week of MVPA) across racial/ethnic groups...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191260/physical-activity-as-a-vital-sign-a-systematic-review
#13
Yvonne M Golightly, Kelli D Allen, Kirsten R Ambrose, Jamie L Stiller, Kelly R Evenson, Christiane Voisin, Jennifer M Hootman, Leigh F Callahan
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is strongly endorsed for managing chronic conditions, and a vital sign tool (indicator of general physical condition) could alert providers of inadequate PA to prompt counseling or referral. This systematic review examined the use, definitions, psychometric properties, and outcomes of brief PA instruments as vital sign measures, with attention primarily to studies focused on arthritis. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for English-language literature from 1985 through 2016 using the terms PA, exercise, vital sign, exercise referral scheme, and exercise counseling...
November 30, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172989/association-of-habitual-physical-activity-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-target-organ-damage-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#14
Samuel G Wittekind, Nicholas M Edwards, Philip R Khoury, Connie E McCoy, Lawrence M Dolan, Thomas R Kimball, Elaine M Urbina
BACKGROUND: We aimed to (1) compare a subjective and objective measure of habitual physical activity (PA), (2) determine the association of PA and cardiovascular risk factors, and (3) test the hypothesis that PA is an independent determinant of target organ damage in youth. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of youth with and without type 2 diabetes [mean age = 22 (3.9) y]. PA was measured with International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Actical accelerometer...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135784/fitness-fatness-physical-activity-and-autonomic-function-in-midlife
#15
Antti M Kiviniemi, Nelli Perkiömäki, Juha Auvinen, Maisa Niemelä, Tuija Tammelin, Katri Puukka, Aimo Ruokonen, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Mikko P Tulppo, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Timo Jämsä, Heikki V Huikuri, Raija Korpelainen
PURPOSE: Although low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), physical inactivity, and obesity are associated with impaired autonomic function, they are also extensively interrelated. The present study aimed to assess the extent to which they contribute to autonomic function independently of each other. METHODS: At the age of 46 yr, 1383 men and 1761 women without cardiorespiratory diseases and diabetes underwent assessments of vagally mediated heart rate (HR) variability (root mean square of successive differences in R-R interval (rMMSD)), peak HR during a submaximal step test (CRF), and 60-s HR recovery (HRR)...
December 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120305/correlates-of-accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Nonsikelelo Mathe, Terry Boyle, Fatima Al Sayah, Clark Mundt, Jeff K Vallance, Jeffrey A Johnson, Steven T Johnson
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to describe the volume and patterns of objectively assessed sedentary behaviour, light intensity physical activity (LPA) and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and to examine socio-demographic correlates, among adults living with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Participants (n = 166) wore an accelerometer (Actigraph® GT3X+) for seven consecutive days during waking hours and completed a questionnaire. Physical activity (PA) and sedentary time were described, and multivariable linear regression was used to estimate associations between socio-demographic characteristics and sedentary time and PA...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915067/reverse-message-framing-effects-on-accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-among-older-outpatients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kin-Kit Li, Lorna Ng, Sheung-Tak Cheng, Helene H Fung
It has been suggested that gain-framed messages are more effective than loss-framed messages in promoting low-risk health behaviors such as physical activity. Because of a heightened health concern and possible medical complications, older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) may consider physical activity to be risky. This study examined whether a reverse message-framing effect would be found among older adults with T2D. The participants included 211 sedentary and older adults with T2D recruited from an outpatient clinic...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855085/the-impact-of-accelerometer-wear-location-on-the-relationship-between-step-counts-and-arterial-stiffness-in-adults-treated-for-hypertension-and-diabetes
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alexandra B Cooke, Stella S Daskalopoulou, Kaberi Dasgupta
OBJECTIVES: Accelerometer placement at the wrist is convenient and increasingly adopted despite less accurate physical activity (PA) measurement than with waist placement. Capitalizing on a study that started with wrist placement and shifted to waist placement, we compared associations between PA measures derived from different accelerometer locations with a responsive arterial health indicator, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
April 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828040/association-between-aerobic-capacity-and-the-improvement-in-glycemic-control-after-the-exercise-training-in-type-2-diabetes
#19
Hideki Nojima, Masayasu Yoneda, Hiroshi Watanabe, Kiminori Yamane, Yoshihiro Kitahara, Kiyokazu Sekikawa, Hideya Yamamoto, Akihito Yokoyama, Noboru Hattori, Nobuoki Kohno
BACKGROUND: We investigated the influence of aerobic capacity on the improvement in glycemic control achieved by long-term aerobic exercise in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Fifty-three male patients with type 2 diabetes, recruited from outpatient clinics, wore multiple-memory accelerometers and were instructed to exercise at moderate intensity for ≥30 min on ≥3 days per week over 12 months. Peak oxygen uptake (peak [Formula: see text]) and serum glycated albumin (GA) were measured at baseline and after 3, 6, 12 months...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821576/effect-of-a-behavioral-intervention-strategy-for-adoption-and-maintenance-of-a-physically-active-lifestyle-the-italian-diabetes-and-exercise-study-2-ides_2-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stefano Balducci, Valeria D'Errico, Jonida Haxhi, Massimo Sacchetti, Giorgio Orlando, Patrizia Cardelli, Martina Vitale, Lucilla Bollanti, Francesco Conti, Silvano Zanuso, Antonio Nicolucci, Giuseppe Pugliese
OBJECTIVE: Adherence to physical activity (PA) recommendations is hampered by the lack of effective strategies to promote behavior change. The Italian Diabetes and Exercise Study 2 (IDES_2) is a randomized controlled trial evaluating a novel behavioral intervention strategy for increasing PA and decreasing sedentary time (SED-time) in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The study randomized 300 physically inactive and sedentary patients with type 2 diabetes 1:1 to receive theoretical and practical counseling once yearly for 3 years (intervention group [INT]) or standard care (control group [CON])...
November 2017: Diabetes Care
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