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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405340/association-of-physiological-and-psychological-health-outcomes-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Jeanette M Garcia, Daniel Cox, David J Rice
PURPOSE: To examine the association between change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) over a 6-month period with physiological and psychological factors in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Participants included 26 middle-aged (mean age=56.1±10.8 years; 42% women), overweight/obese (mean body mass index (BMI) =37.22±8.78 kg/m(2)) adults who had been diagnosed with T2D within the past 5 years (mean HbA1c=7...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392043/the-impact-of-diabetes-on-mobility-balance-and-recovery-after-repositioning-maneuvers-in-individuals-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#2
Linda J D'Silva, Susan L Whitney, Marcio Santos, Hongying Dai, Patricia M Kluding
AIM: The prevalence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is higher in people with type 2 diabetes (DM). The impact of DM on mobility, balance, and management of BPPV is unknown. This prospective study compared symptom severity, mobility and balance before and after the canalith repositioning maneuver (CRM) in people with posterior canal BPPV canalithiasis, with and without DM. METHODS: Fifty participants, BPPV (n=34) and BPPV+DM (n=16) were examined for symptom severity (dizziness handicap inventory, DHI), mobility (functional gait assessment, FGA), and postural sway (using an accelerometer in five conditions) before and after the CRM...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392042/relationship-of-shoulder-activity-and-skin-intrinsic-fluorescence-with-low-level-shoulder-pain-and-disability-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Christopher J Sorensen, Mary K Hastings, Catherine E Lang, Janet B McGill, B Ruth Clark, Kathryn L Bohnert, Michael J Mueller
AIM: People with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have a high incidence of musculoskeletal disorders thought to be influenced by high non-enzymatic advanced glycated end-products (AGEs). The goals of this study were to determine differences in shoulder activity level and AGEs in people with T2DM compared to matched controls, and to determine factors associated with shoulder pain and disability. METHODS: Eighty-one participants, T2DM (n=52) and controls (n=29), were examined for magnitude and duration of shoulder activity (measured using accelerometers), skin intrinsic florescence (SIF) as a surrogate measure of AGE level, and the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) as a self-report of shoulder pain and disability...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387544/promise-of-wearable-physical-activity-monitors-in-oncology-practice
#4
Muhammad S Beg, Arjun Gupta, Tyler Stewart, Chad D Rethorst
Commercially available physical activity monitors provide clinicians an opportunity to obtain oncology patient health measures to an unprecedented degree. These devices can provide objective and quantifiable measures of physical activity, which are not subject to errors or bias of self-reporting or shorter duration of formal testing. Prior work on so-called quantified-self data was based on older-generation, research-grade accelerometers, which laid the foundation for consumer-based physical activity monitoring devices to be validated as a feasible and reliable tool in patients with cancer...
February 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362223/examining-the-error-of-mis-specifying-nonlinear-confounding-effect-with-application-on-accelerometer-measured-physical-activity
#5
Paul H Lee
PURPOSE: Some confounders are nonlinearly associated with dependent variables, but they are often adjusted using a linear term. The purpose of this study was to examine the error of mis-specifying the nonlinear confounding effect. METHODS: We carried out a simulation study to investigate the effect of adjusting for a nonlinear confounder in the estimation of a causal relationship between the exposure and outcome in 3 ways: using a linear term, binning into 5 equal-size categories, or using a restricted cubic spline of the confounder...
March 31, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346386/a-mixed-methods-examination-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-overweight-and-obese-south-asian-men-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#6
Amir Emadian, Janice Thompson
South Asian men living in the UK have higher rates of central obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) compared with their white British counterparts. Physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) are important risk factors for the development of T2DM. The purpose of this study was to objectively measure PA, ST, and to explore the factors influencing these behaviours in this high-risk population. A mixed-methods cross-sectional research design was employed, including the quantification of PA and ST using the self-report International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)-long form and accelerometry in overweight and obese UK South Asian men (n = 54), followed by semi-structured interviews in a purposive sub-sample to explore the factors influencing PA and ST (n = 31)...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291838/level-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-italian-diabetes-and-exercise-study_2
#7
Stefano Balducci, Valeria D'Errico, Jonida Haxhi, Massimo Sacchetti, Giorgio Orlando, Patrizia Cardelli, Nicolina Di Biase, Lucilla Bollanti, Francesco Conti, Silvano Zanuso, Antonio Nicolucci, Giuseppe Pugliese
OBJECTIVE: Patients with type 2 diabetes usually show reduced physical activity (PA) and increased sedentary (SED)-time, though to a varying extent, especially for low-intensity PA (LPA), a major determinant of daily energy expenditure that is not accurately captured by questionnaires. This study assessed the level and correlates of PA and SED-time in patients from the Italian Diabetes and Exercise Study_2 (IDES_2). METHODS: Three-hundred physically inactive and sedentary patients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled in the IDES_2 to be randomized to an intervention group, receiving theoretical and practical exercise counseling, and a control group, receiving standard care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269690/smartsock-a-wearable-platform-for-context-aware-assessment-of-ankle-edema
#8
Ramin Fallahzadeh, Mahdi Pedram, Hassan Ghasemzadeh
Ankle edema an important symptom for monitoring patients with chronic systematic diseases. It is an important indicator of onset or exacerbation of a variety of diseases that disturb cardiovascular, renal, or hepatic system such as heart, liver, and kidney failure, diabetes, etc. The current approaches toward edema assessment are conducted during clinical visits. In-clinic assessments, in addition to being burdensome and expensive, are sometimes not reliable and neglect important contextual factors such as patient's physical activity level and body posture...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263284/replacement-effects-of-sedentary-time-on-metabolic-outcomes-the-maastricht-study
#9
Julianne D van der Berg, Jeroen Hpm van der Velde, Ellis Ac de Waard, Hans Bosma, Hans Hcm Savelberg, Nicolaas C Schaper, Joop Pw van den Bergh, Piet Pmm Geusens, Miranda T Schram, Simone Js Sep, Carla Jh van der Kallen, Ronald Ma Henry, Pieter C Dagnelie, Simone Jpm Eussen, Martien Cjm van Dongen, Sebastian Köhler, Abraham A Kroon, Coen DA Stehouwer, Annemarie Koster
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary time has been associated with detrimental health effects, so in some countries guidelines to reduce sedentary time have been developed. As reducing sedentary time inevitably results in more non-sedentary time, effects of this reduction may depend on the activity with which it is replaced. PURPOSE: To examine associations of theoretical reallocations of sedentary time to standing or stepping with cardio-metabolic outcomes and type 2 diabetes...
March 3, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245253/physical-activity-levels-duration-pattern-and-adherence-to-who-recommendations-in-german-adults
#10
Agnes Luzak, Margit Heier, Barbara Thorand, Michael Laxy, Dennis Nowak, Annette Peters, Holger Schulz
BACKGROUND: Intensity and duration of physical activity are associated with the achievement of health benefits. Our aim was to characterize physical activity behavior in terms of intensity, duration pattern, and adherence to the WHO physical activity recommendations in a population-based sample of adults from southern Germany. Further, we investigated associations between physical activity and sex, age, and body mass index (BMI), considering also common chronic diseases. METHODS: We analyzed 475 subjects (47% males, mean age 58 years, range 48-68 years) who wore ActiGraph accelerometers for up to seven days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228368/a-web-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-spanish-speaking-latinas-a-costs-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#11
Britta Larsen, Bess Marcus, Dori Pekmezi, Sheri Hartman, Todd Gilmer
BACKGROUND: Latinas report particularly low levels of physical activity and suffer from greater rates of lifestyle-related conditions such as obesity and diabetes. Interventions are needed that can increase physical activity in this growing population in a large-scale, cost-effective manner. Web-based interventions may have potential given the increase in Internet use among Latinas and the scalability of Web-based programs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the costs and cost-effectiveness of a Web-based, Spanish-language physical activity intervention for Latinas compared to a wellness contact control...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227951/smartsock-a-wearable-platform-for-context-aware-assessment-of-ankle-edema
#12
Ramin Fallahzadeh, Mahdi Pedram, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Ramin Fallahzadeh, Mahdi Pedram, Hassan Ghasemzadeh
Ankle edema an important symptom for monitoring patients with chronic systematic diseases. It is an important indicator of onset or exacerbation of a variety of diseases that disturb cardiovascular, renal, or hepatic system such as heart, liver, and kidney failure, diabetes, etc. The current approaches toward edema assessment are conducted during clinical visits. In-clinic assessments, in addition to being burdensome and expensive, are sometimes not reliable and neglect important contextual factors such as patient's physical activity level and body posture...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193194/the-objective-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-disease-health-in-older-women-opach-study
#13
Andrea Z LaCroix, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, David Buchner, Kelly R Evenson, Chongzhi Di, I-Min Lee, Steve Marshall, Michael J LaMonte, Julie Hunt, Lesley Fels Tinker, Marcia Stefanick, Cora E Lewis, John Bellettiere, Amy H Herring
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists to inform physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior guidelines for older people, especially women. Rigorous evidence on the amounts, intensities, and movement patterns associated with better health in later life is needed. METHODS/DESIGN: The Objective PA and Cardiovascular Health (OPACH) Study is an ancillary study to the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Program that examines associations of accelerometer-assessed PA and sedentary behavior with cardiovascular and fall events...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185657/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-breast-and-colon-cancer-survivors-relative-to-adults-without-cancer
#14
Joyce W Shi, Robert J MacInnis, Terry Boyle, Jeff K Vallance, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Brigid M Lynch
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in accelerometer-assessed moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), light-intensity physical activity, and sedentary time between cancer survivors and adults without cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Accelerometer data collected from 241 breast cancer survivors (ACCEL-Breast study, 2013) and 171 colon cancer survivors (ACCEL-Colon study, 2012-2013) were pooled with data collected from adults without cancer (Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle accelerometer substudy, 2011-2012)...
March 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181824/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-healthcare-expenditures-related-to-arterial-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-people-sabe-study
#15
Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lucia Lebrão
BACKGROUND: Research using questionnaires has shown that physical activity level (PAL) is associated with healthcare costs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between objectively measured PAL and healthcare costs among hypertensive and diabetic non-institutionalized Brazilian older people. METHODS: Cross-sectional study forming part of the SABE Study, composed of 377 older people interviewed in 2010. Expenditures were estimated taking into account self-reported medicine prescription, outpatient service and hospitalizations, with the highest quartile of expenditures considered as a risk category...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177728/long-term-effects-of-daily-postprandial-physical-activity-on-blood-glucose-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Håvard Nygaard, Eirik Grindaker, Bent Ronny Rønnestad, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Arne Torbjørn Høstmark
Previous studies have shown that a bout of moderate or light postprandial physical activity effectively blunts the postprandial increase in blood glucose. The objective of this study was to test whether regular light postprandial physical activity can improve glycemia in persons with hyperglycemia or with a high risk of hyperglycemia. We randomized 56 participants to an intervention or a control group. They were diagnosed as hyperglycemic, not using antidiabetics, or were categorized as high-risk individuals for type 2 diabetes...
January 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173623/impact-of-accelerometer-and-pedometer-use-on-physical-activity-and-glycaemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
R Baskerville, I Ricci-Cabello, N Roberts, A Farmer
BACKGROUND: Self-directed pedometer use increases physical activity levels in the general population; however, evidence of benefit for Type 2 diabetes is unclear and has not been systematically reviewed for accelerometers. AIM: To examine the impact of using physical activity monitoring devices (pedometers and accelerometers) on free-living physical activity and HbA1c levels in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review...
February 7, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169570/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-promoting-objectively-measured-physical-activity-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#18
Shaima Alothman, Abdalghani Yahya, Jason Rucker, Patricia M Kluding
BACKGROUND: Many people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are sedentary despite strong recommendations of regular physical activity (PA). Objective measures of PA provide accurate reflection of daily PA level. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies used pedometers or accelerometers to determine the outcome of interventions promoted daily PA in people with T2D. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted using the PubMed and CINAHL databases (2000 - 2016), with search terms: sedentary, diabetes, pedometer, physical activity, and accelerometer...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169566/physical-activity-throughout-adolescence-and-hba1c-in-early-adulthood-birth-cohort-study
#19
Priscila M Nakamura, Grégore I Mielke, Bernardo L Horta, Maria Cecília Assunção, Helen Gonçalves, Ana Mb Menezes, Fernando C Barros, Ulf Ekelund, Soren Brage, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Isabel O Oliveira, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is responsible for 7% of diabetes deaths worldwide, but little is known whether low levels of physical activity (PA) during adolescence increase the risk of diabetes in early adulthood. We evaluated the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between PA throughout adolescence and HbA1c concentration in early adulthood. METHODS: HbA1c was measured by high performance liquid chromatography. PA was assessed by self-report at the ages of 11, 15 and 18 years and by accelerometry at the ages of 13 (sub-sample) and 18 years...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149710/associations-of-objectively-measured-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-with-all-cause-mortality-in-a-population-of-adults-at-high-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Kishan Bakrania, Charlotte L Edwardson, Kamlesh Khunti, Joseph Henson, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Mark Hamer, Melanie J Davies, Thomas Yates
The relationships of physical activity and sedentary time with all-cause mortality in those at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are unexplored. To address this gap in knowledge, we examined the associations of objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time with all-cause mortality in a population of adults at high risk of T2DM. In 2010-2011, 712 adults (Leicestershire, U.K.), identified as being at high risk of T2DM, consented to be followed up for mortality...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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