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Therapeutic Recreation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338601/reflections-on-the-development-of-a-therapeutic-recreation-based-bereavement-camp-for-families-whose-child-has-died-from-serious-illness
#1
Peter Hanlon, Suzanne Guerin, Gemma Kiernan
While bereavement camps serve as a support for children, this study examines a therapeutic recreation-based camp for families who have lost a child. The study triangulated documents, researcher reflection and staff interviews to highlight the themes of Searching & Finding, Getting to Know, Finding the Balance and Joining. Developing opportunistically through internal and external factors, the camp's evolution represents a closing of the loop, from supporting families of living children to also supporting the families of children who have died...
January 17, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334961/smoke-alcohol-and-drug-addiction-and-male-fertility
#2
REVIEW
Andrea Sansone, Carla Di Dato, Cristina de Angelis, Davide Menafra, Carlotta Pozza, Rosario Pivonello, Andrea Isidori, Daniele Gianfrilli
In recent decades, the decline in human fertility has become increasingly more worrying: while therapeutic interventions might help, they are vexing for the couple and often burdened with high failure rates and costs. Prevention is the most successful approach to fertility disorders in males and females alike. We performed a literature review on three of the most common unhealthy habits - tobacco, alcohol and drug addiction - and their reported effects on male fertility. Tobacco smoking is remarkably common in most first-world countries; despite a progressive decline in the US, recent reports suggest a prevalence of more than 30% in subjects of reproductive age - a disturbing perspective, given the well-known ill-effects on reproductive and sexual function as well as general health...
January 15, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313138/do-psychoactive-drugs-have-a-therapeutic-role-in-compulsivity-studies-on-schedule-induced-polydipsia
#3
Elena Martín-González, Ángeles Prados-Pardo, Santiago Mora, Pilar Flores, Margarita Moreno
RATIONALE: Clinical studies have shown that some psychoactive recreational drugs have therapeutic applications in anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia. However, to date, there are few studies on the therapeutic potential efficacy of recreational drugs in compulsive neuropsychiatric disorders. OBJECTIVES: We explored the therapeutic potential of different psychoactive and psychedelic drugs in a preclinical model of compulsive behavior. METHODS: Outbred male Wistar rats were selected as either high (HD) or low (LD) drinkers according to their behavior in schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP)...
January 8, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303006/key-interindividual-determinants-in-mdma-pharmacodynamics
#4
E Papaseit, M Torrens, C Pérez-Mañá, R Muga, M Farré
MDMA, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, is a synthetic phenethylamine derivative with structural and pharmacological similarities to both amphetamines and mescaline. MDMA produces characteristic amphetamine-like actions (euphoria, well-being), increases empathy, and induces pro-social effects that seem to motivate its recreational consumption and provide a basis for its potential therapeutic use. Areas covered: The aim of this review is to present the main interindividual determinants in MDMA pharmacodynamics...
January 5, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290539/is-acl-reconstruction-a-prerequisite-for-the-patients-having-recreational-sporting-activities
#5
Emrah Kovalak, Tolga Atay, Cem Çetin, I Meltem Atay, Mustafa Onur Serbest
OBJECTIVE: Whether surgical or conservative treatment is more effective in allowing patients to return to physical activity after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is controversial. We sought to compare mid-term outcome measures between isolated ACL tear patients who underwent reconstruction followed by closed kinetic chain exercises and those who underwent neuromuscular training only. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated patients with ACL tears who underwent post-surgery CKC strength training after ACL reconstruction (Group A), and patients who only underwent neuromuscular training (Group B) with a minimum follow-up time of 5 years...
December 28, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262260/breaking-the-in-vitro-barrier-in-respiratory-medicine-engineered-microphysiological-systems-for-copd-and-beyond
#6
Kambez H Benam, Melanie Königshoff, Oliver Eickelberg
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading global health problem; however, our ability to understand the disease pathogenic processes and discover new pharmacotherapies have been significantly hindered due to lack of reliable model systems that are human-derived, physiologically more relevant, and can be applied predictively. Recent advances in microsystems engineering have made it possible to create biomimetic microfluidic cell culture devices, known as 'organs-on-chips'. In this Pulmonary Perspective, we discuss the emergence of 'Lung- and Small Airway-on-a-Chip' technologies and their application to recapitulate critical aspects of human lung pathophysiology, in particular COPD...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248863/the-efficacy-of-computerized-interventions-to-reduce-cannabis-use-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Alexandre Olmos, Judit Tirado-Muñoz, Magí Farré, Marta Torrens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cannabis is the most widely consumed illicit drug. Although it is too early to confirm the impact of legalization, the use of cannabis appears to be on the rise in some countries due to its authorization for medical/recreational purposes. Among different types of therapeutic approaches to reduce cannabis use, computerized interventions are becoming a new treatment option. To assess their efficacy, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed employing randomized controlled clinical trials indexed in MEDLINE and PsycINFO...
December 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207216/the-roles-of-cellular-and-molecular-components-of-a-hematoma-at-early-stage-of-bone-healing
#8
REVIEW
Hoi Ting Shiu, Ping Chung Leung, Chun Hay Ko
Bone healing is a complex repair process which commences with formation of a blood clot at the injured bone, termed hematoma. It has evidenced that a lack of a stable hematoma causes delayed bone healing or non-union. The hematoma at the injured bone constitutes the early healing microenvironment. It appears to dictate healing pathways which ends in a regenerative bone. However, the hematoma is often clinically removed from the damaged site. Conversely, blood-derived products have been used in bone tissue engineering for treating critical sized defects (CSDs), including fibrin gels and platelet rich plasma...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181248/effect-of-heel-lifts-on-patellofemoral-joint-stress-during-running
#9
Zachary Mestelle, Thomas Kernozek, Kelly S Adkins, Jessica Miller, Naghmeh Gheidi
Background: Patellofemoral pain is a debilitating injury for many recreational runners. Excessive patellofemoral joint stress may be the underlying source of pain and interventions often focus on ways to reduce patellofemoral joint stress. Purpose: Heel lifts have been used as an intervention within Achilles tendon rehabilitation programs and to address leg length discrepancies. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of running with heel lifts on patellofemoral joint stress, patellofemoral stress impulse, quadriceps force, step length, cadence, and other related kinematic and spatiotemporal variables...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178489/daily-inspiratory-muscle-training-lowers-blood-pressure-and-vascular-resistance-in-healthy-men-and-women
#10
Claire M DeLucia, Roxanne M De Asis, E Fiona Bailey
Previous work has shown inspiratory muscle training (IMT) lowers blood pressure after just six weeks, identifying IMT as a potential therapeutic to prevent/treat hypertension. Here, we explore the effects of IMT on respiratory muscle strength and select cardiovascular parameters in recreationally active men and women. Subjects were randomly assigned to IMT (n = 12, 75% maximal inspiratory pressure) or sham training (n = 13, 15% maximum inspiratory pressure) groups and underwent a 6-week intervention comprising 30 breaths day-1 , 5 days week-1 ...
November 24, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176975/targeting-cannabinoid-signaling-in-the-immune-system-high-ly-exciting-questions-possibilities-and-challenges
#11
REVIEW
Attila Oláh, Zoltán Szekanecz, Tamás Bíró
It is well known that certain active ingredients of the plants of Cannabis genus, i.e., the "phytocannabinoids" [pCBs; e.g., (-)-trans-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), (-)-cannabidiol, etc.] can influence a wide array of biological processes, and the human body is able to produce endogenous analogs of these substances ["endocannabinoids" (eCB), e.g., arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide, AEA), 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), etc.]. These ligands, together with multiple receptors (e.g., CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors, etc...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175446/phencyclidine-increased-while-isolation-rearing-did-not-affect-progressive-ratio-responding-in-rats-investigating-potential-models-of-amotivation-in-schizophrenia
#12
Nurith Amitai, Susan B Powell, Jared W Young
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a debilitating neurodevelopmental disorder affecting 1% of the global population with heterogeneous symptoms including positive, negative, and cognitive. While treatment for positive symptoms exists, none have been developed to treat negative symptoms. Animal models of schizophrenia are required to test targeted treatments and since patients exhibit reduced effort (breakpoints) for reward in a progressive ratio (PR) task, we examined the PR breakpoints of rats treated with the NMDA receptor antagonist phencyclidine or those reared in isolation - two common manipulations used to induce schizophrenia-relevant behaviors in rodents...
November 22, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161743/pharmacological-foundations-of-cannabis-chemovars
#13
Mark A Lewis, Ethan B Russo, Kevin M Smith
An advanced Mendelian Cannabis breeding program has been developed utilizing chemical markers to maximize the yield of phytocannabinoids and terpenoids with the aim to improve therapeutic efficacy and safety. Cannabis is often divided into several categories based on cannabinoid content. Type I, Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol-predominant, is the prevalent offering in both medical and recreational marketplaces. In recent years, the therapeutic benefits of cannabidiol have been better recognized, leading to the promotion of additional chemovars: Type II, Cannabis that contains both Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, and cannabidiol-predominant Type III Cannabis...
November 21, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153631/human-abuse-potential-of-brivaracetam-in-healthy-recreational-central-nervous-system-depressant-users
#14
Kerri A Schoedel, Armel Stockis, Edward M Sellers
BACKGROUND: Brivaracetam is a new antiepileptic drug indicated for adjunctive treatment of focal seizures in adults at a dose of 50-200mg/day taken in two equal doses. The objective of this study was to evaluate the abuse potential of brivaracetam compared with alprazolam (positive control), placebo, and levetiracetam. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, triple-dummy, crossover study in healthy male and female recreational central nervous system (CNS) depressant users aged 18-55years, who could distinguish between the subjective effects of alprazolam 2mg and placebo...
November 15, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144997/examination-of-a-therapeutic-recreation-based-clinical-placement-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-self-determined-perspective
#15
Dana Perlman, Ellie Taylor, Lorna Moxham, Susan Sumskis, Christopher Patterson, Renee Brighton, Tim Heffernan
Nursing students across the globe are expected to undertake clinical placements. To date, there have been no studies that have examined the potential educational benefits for undergraduate nursing students engaged in a mental health clinical placement grounded in self-determination theory. The present study examined the experiences of undergraduate students engaged in a mental health clinical placement termed Recovery Camp. An ethnographic methodology within a case study approach was used. The researchers were immersed in the clinical placement, which took place at a YMCA camp facility...
November 10, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132327/explaining-variance-in-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-first-year-students-in-health-professional-programs
#16
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick, Jimmy C Y Louie
BACKGROUND: Self-directed learning (SDL) is expected of health science graduates; it is thus a learning outcome in many pre-certification programs. Previous research identified age, gender, discipline and prior education as associated with variations in students' self-directed learning readiness (SDLR). Studies in other fields also propose personality as influential. METHOD: This study investigated relationships between SDLR and age, gender, discipline, previous education, and personality traits...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124947/activity-preferences-of-persons-with-dementia-an-examination-of-reports-by-formal-and-informal-caregivers
#17
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Rachel Gavendo, Erin Blackburn
Objectives The aims of this study are (1) to describe the types of leisure activities preferred by persons with dementia in the past and present, as reported by family members and therapeutic recreation staff members, and (2) to examine the influence of demographic and functional abilities variables on the perceived current interest of persons with dementia. Method Family members of persons with dementia and therapeutic recreation staff involved in the care of those persons completed an activities preference assessment concerning the persons with dementia...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122279/stem-cell-based-bone-regeneration-in-diseased-microenvironments-challenges-and-solutions
#18
Bing-Dong Sui, Cheng-Hu Hu, An-Qi Liu, Chen-Xi Zheng, Kun Xuan, Yan Jin
Restoration of extensive bone loss and defects remain as an unfulfilled challenge in modern medicine. Given the critical contributions to bone homeostasis and diseases, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown great promise to jumpstart and facilitate bone healing, with immense regenerative potential in both pharmacology-based endogenous MSC rescue/mobilization in skeletal diseases and emerging application of MSC transplantation in bone tissue engineering and cytotherapy. However, efficacy of MSC-based bone regeneration was not always achieved; particularly, fulfillment of MSC-mediated bone healing in diseased microenvironments of host comorbidities remains as a major challenge...
October 30, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119957/-the-psychological-security-in-the-framework-of-the-system-of-factors-responsible-for-the-effectiveness-of-spa-and-health-resort-based-rehabilitation
#19
T M Krasnyanskaya, V G Tylets
AIM: The present work was designed to address the problem of ensuring the psychological security in the framework of organization of the rehabilitative treatment based at the spa and health resort facilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We undertook the questionnaire study for which 650 subjects were recruited among those attending spa and health resort facilities of the cities of Essentuki and Kislovodsk. The participants were asked to estimate the level of their personal security and the quality of the provided means for the rehabilitative treatment and general health improvement...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113936/reproducible-research-practices-are-underused-in-systematic-reviews-of-biomedical-interventions
#20
Matthew J Page, Douglas G Altman, Larissa Shamseer, Joanne E McKenzie, Nadera Ahmadzai, Dianna Wolfe, Fatemeh Yazdi, Ferrán Catalá-López, Andrea C Tricco, David Moher
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how often reproducible research practices, which allow others to recreate the findings of studies, given the original data, are used in systematic reviews (SRs) of biomedical research. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We evaluated a random sample of SRs indexed in MEDLINE® during February 2014, which focused on a therapeutic intervention and reported at least one meta-analysis. Data on reproducible research practices in each SR were extracted using a 26-item form by one author, with a 20% random sample extracted in duplicate...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
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