keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Low back pain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336694/-it-has-changed-my-whole-life-the-systemic-implications-of-chronic-low-back-pain-among-older-adults
#1
Meredith L Stensland, Sara Sanders
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is the most common pain complaint among older adults. Despite its prevalence, very little research has qualitatively examined the diverse consequences of living with CLBP in later life. As part of a larger study aiming to understand the experience of CLBP among older adults, the objective of this manuscript is to understand how older adults experience CLBP and its impacts on the functioning of older adults. Guided by van Manen's phenomenological method, 23 semi-structured interviews with 21 pain clinic patients aged 66-83 were conducted...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336254/colchicine-in-neurosurgery
#2
Drosos Evangelos, Giakoumettis Dimitrios, Themistocleous S Marios
BACKGROUND: Colchicine is an ancient drug. Many uses have been reported in medical books and reports through the centuries. Currently the understanding of its mechanism of action has opened new horizons to its use. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to discuss the use of colchicine in various neurosurgical conditions. METHODS: A pubmed database and clinical trials search was performed, using the key words "colchicine", "Neurosurgery", "low back pain", "stroke" and glioma"...
January 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334992/the-efficacy-of-a-multimodal-physical-activity-intervention-with-supervised-exercises-health-coaching-and-an-activity-monitor-on-physical-activity-levels-of-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-physical-activity-for-back-pain-payback-trial-study
#3
Crystian B Oliveira, Márcia R Franco, Chris G Maher, Anne Tiedemann, Fernanda G Silva, Tatiana M Damato, Michael K Nicholas, Diego G D Christofaro, Rafael Z Pinto
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays an important role in the management of chronic low back pain (LBP). Engaging in an active lifestyle is associated with a better prognosis. Nevertheless, there is evidence to suggest that patients with chronic LBP are less likely to meet recommended physical activity levels. Furthermore, while exercise therapy has been endorsed by recent clinical practice guidelines, evidence from systematic reviews suggests that its effect on pain and disability are at best moderate and not sustained over time...
January 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333872/effects-and-underlying-mechanisms-of-unstable-shoes-on-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Juan Francisco Lisón, Borja Ortega-Santana, Álvaro Antón-Nogués, Palmy González-Requena, Cristina Vera-Hervás, Julio Doménech-Fernández, Daniel Sánchez-Zuriaga, Pablo Salvador-Coloma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects that wearing unstable shoes has on disability, trunk muscle activity, and lumbar spine range of motion (ROM) in patients with chronic lower back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Orthopedic Surgery Service. PARTICIPANTS: We randomized 40 adults with nonspecific CLBP either to an unstable shoes group ( n = 20) or to the control group ( n = 20). INTERVENTION: The participants in the unstable shoes group were advised to wear these shoes for a minimum of six hours a day for four weeks...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333469/utility-of-f-18-fdg-pet-ct-for-detection-of-bone-marrow-metastases-in-prostate-cancer-patients-treated-with-radium-223
#5
Kaoru Maruyama, Keita Utsunomia, Takahiro Nakamoto, Shigenari Kawakita, Takashi Murota, Noboru Tanigawa
A 76-year-old man with symptomatic bone metastases from castration-resistant prostate cancer underwent Radium-223-dichloride (Ra-223) therapy. Before Ra-223 therapy, he had normal peripheral blood cell counts. Ra-223 therapy relieved his shoulder and low back pain. The elevation of the serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), doubling every month during Ra-223 therapy, suggested a PSA flare or relapse. Some lesions showed decrease and some lesions showed increase on Tc-99m hydroxymethylene diphosphonate bone scintigraphy at two weeks after the third injection of Ra-223 therapy...
2018: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332746/is-pilates-an-effective-rehabilitation-tool-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Keira Byrnes, Ping-Jung Wu, Stephney Whillier
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a system of exercise focusing upon controlled movement, stretching and breathing. Pilates is popular today not only for physical fitness but also for rehabilitation programs. This paper is a review of the literature on the effectiveness of Pilates as a rehabilitation tool in a wide range of conditions in an adult population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out according to the PRISMA guidelines. Electronic databases were searched for cohort studies or randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332739/multifidus-muscle-size-in-adolescents-with-and-without-back-pain-using-ultrasonography
#7
Nahid Rahmani, Ali Kiani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Iraj Abdollahi
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were; a) to compare multifidus muscle cross sectional area (CSA) in male adolescents suffering from low back pain (LBP) with healthy male adolescents using ultrasonography (US), and b) to assess the correlation between multifidus muscle size and demographic variables. METHODS: A random sample of 40 healthy boys (as a control group) and 40 boys with LBP (as an experimental group) at the age range of 15-18 years was recruited in the present cohort study...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332639/genetic-and-environmental-influences-to-low-back-pain-and-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-population-based-twin-study
#8
Marina B Pinheiro, Jose J Morosoli, Lucía Colodro-Conde, Paulo H Ferreira, Juan R Ordoñana
BACKGROUND: People suffering from chronic pain are more likely to experience symptoms of depression and anxiety. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain largely unknown. In light of the moderate to large effects of genetic factors on chronic pain and depression and anxiety, we aimed to estimate the relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors to the relationship between these traits. METHODS: Using data from 2139 participants in the Murcia Twin Registry, we employed a bivariate analysis and structural equation modeling to estimate the relative influences of genetics and the environment on the covariation between low back pain and symptoms of depression and anxiety...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332238/normal-variation-in-sagittal-spinal-alignment-parameters-in-adult-patients-an-eos-study-using-serial-imaging
#9
Hwee Weng Dennis Hey, Kian Loong Melvin Tan, Vikaesh Moorthy, Eugene Tze-Chun Lau, Leok-Lim Lau, Gabriel Liu, Hee-Kit Wong
PURPOSE: To describe normal variations in sagittal spinal radiographic parameters over an interval period and establish physiological norms and guidelines for which these images should be interpreted. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from a continuous series of adult patients with first-episode mild low back pain presenting to a single institution. The sagittal parameters of two serial radiographic images taken 6-months apart were obtained with the EOS® slot scanner...
January 13, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332033/effect-of-dual-tasking-on-anticipatory-and-compensatory-postural-adjustments-in-response-to-external-perturbations-in-individuals-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-electromyographic-analysis
#10
Ladan Hemmati, Soraya Piroozi, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), postural control is a demanding task in terms of attention. Although the attentional demands of postural control have been investigated in these patients, the attentional demands of postural recovery during dual task performance have not been evaluated in patients with nonspecific CLBP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dual tasking on anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments in response to an external perturbation in patients with nonspecific CLBP...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332031/difference-of-the-thickness-and-activation-of-trunk-muscles-during-static-stoop-lift-at-different-loads-between-subjects-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#11
Hoe-Song Yang
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from low back pain (LBP) have been reported to alter muscle contraction strategies. OBJECTIVE: To compare activity and thickness of the trunk muscles (external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), transversus abdominis (TrA), and lumbar multifidus (LM)) during static stoop lift at different lifting loads between the subjects with and without LBP. METHODS: Twenty eight subjects with LBP and twenty healthy subjects were recruited...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331253/evaluation-of-three-machine-learning-models-for-self-referral-decision-support-on-low-back-pain-in-primary-care
#12
Wendy Oude Nijeweme-d'Hollosy, Lex van Velsen, Mannes Poel, Catharina G M Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Remko Soer, Hermie Hermens
BACKGROUND: Most people experience low back pain (LBP) at least once in their life and for some patients this evolves into a chronic condition. One way to prevent acute LBP from transiting into chronic LBP, is to ensure that patients receive the right interventions at the right moment. We started research in the design of a clinical decision support system (CDSS) to support patients with LBP in their self-referral to primary care. For this, we explored the possibilities of using supervised machine learning...
February 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331193/-using-connected-objects-to-favour-patients-adherence-to-physical-activity
#13
REVIEW
Alexander Arefyev, Jean-Baptiste Lechauve, Chloé Gay, Laurent Gerbaud, Marie-Sophie Chérillat, Isabelle Tavares Figueiredo, Anne Plan-Paquet, Emmanuel Coudeyre
A study explored the factors which can have an impact on the use of connected objects to improve patients' adherence to physical activity, when they suffer from chronic low back pain. The results can be used to adjust the development of an application aimed at patients with chronic low back pain.
January 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330230/reducing-sedentary-behaviour-to-decrease-chronic-low-back-pain-the-stand-back-randomised-trial
#14
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Andrea L Hergenroeder, Sophy J Perdomo, Robert J Kowalsky, Anthony Delitto, John M Jakicic
OBJECTIVE: The Stand Back study evaluated the feasibility and effects of a multicomponent intervention targeting reduced prolonged sitting and pain self-management in desk workers with chronic low back pain (LBP). METHODS: This randomised controlled trial recruited 27 individuals with chronic LBP, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) >10% and desk jobs (sitting ≥20 hours/week). Participants were randomised within strata of ODI (>10%-<20%, ≥20%) to receive bimonthly behavioural counselling (in-person and telephone), a sit-stand desk attachment, a wrist-worn activity-prompting device and cognitive behavioural therapy for LBP self-management or control...
January 12, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329739/association-between-symptoms-of-central-sensitization-and-cognitive-behavioral-factors-in-people-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Eva Huysmans, Kelly Ickmans, Dries Van Dyck, Jo Nijs, Yori Gidron, Nathalie Roussel, Andrea Polli, Maarten Moens, Lisa Goudman, Margot De Kooning
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the relationship between symptoms of central sensitization (CS) and important cognitive behavioral and psychosocial factors in a sample of patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. METHODS: Participants with chronic nonspecific low back pain for at least 3 months were included in the study. They completed several questionnaires and a functional test. Pearson's correlation was used to analyze associations between symptoms of CS and pain behavior, functioning, pain, pain catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, and illness perceptions...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327605/does-change-in-isolated-lumbar-extensor-muscle-function-correlate-with-good-clinical-outcome-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-on-change-in-isolated-lumbar-extension-strength-pain-and-disability-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
James Steele, James Fisher, Craig Perrin, Rebecca Conway, Stewart Bruce-Low, Dave Smith
PURPOSE: Secondary analysis of data from studies utilising isolated lumbar extension exercise interventions for correlations among changes in isolated lumbar extension strength, pain, and disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies reporting isolated lumbar extension strength changes were examined for inclusion criteria including: (1) participants with chronic low back pain, (2) intervention ≥ four weeks including isolated lumbar extension exercise, (3) outcome measures including isolated lumbar extension strength, pain (Visual Analogue Scale), and disability (Oswestry Disability Index)...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327593/the-impact-of-age-and-gender-on-the-icf-based-assessment-of-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
Elisabeth Fehrmann, Simone Kotulla, Linda Fischer, Thomas Kienbacher, Kerstin Tuechler, Patrick Mair, Gerold Ebenbichler, Birgit Paul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of age and gender on the international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF)-based assessment for chronic low back pain. METHODS: Two hundred forty-four chronic low back pain patients (52% female) with a mean age of 49 years (SD =17.64) were interviewed with the comprehensive ICF core set for activities and participation, and environmental factors. After conducting explorative factor analysis, the impact of age and gender on the different factors was analyzed using analyzes of variances...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327405/from-non-encounters-to-autonomic-agency-conceptions-of-patients-with-low-back-pain-about-their-encounters-in-the-health-care-system
#18
Riikka Holopainen, Arja Piirainen, Ari Heinonen, Jaro Karppinen, Peter O'Sullivan
Low back pain is a considerable health problem which affects people around the world, causing major healthcare costs. The use of qualitative research methods enables us to describe and understand patients' experience of, and attitudes to, healthcare. The aim of the present phenomenographic study was to identify and describe the contextual nature of the conceptions of patients with low back pain of their encounters in the HCS. Seventeen patients with chronic or episodic low back pain classified as "high risk" were interviewed in open recall interviews, using videos of patients' initial physiotherapy sessions that had been recorded previously...
January 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326768/streptococcus-constellatus-spondylodiscitis-in-a-teenager-a-case-report
#19
S W Lim, H Y Lim, T Kannaiah, Z Zuki
Streptococcus constellatus is an extremely rare cause of pyogenic spondylodiscitis. Literature search yielded only one case report in an elderly 72 years old man with spontaneous T10-T11 S. constellatus spondylodiscitis. It is virtually unheard of in young teenage. We report the case of a 14 years old male teenager who presented with worsening low back pain for one year with no neurological deficit. Imaging studies were consistent with features of L4-L5 spondylodiscitis. CT guided biopsy grew a pure culture of streptococcus constellatus sensitive to penicillin and erythromycin...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325884/experimental-low-back-pain-decreased-trunk-muscle-activity-in-currently-asymptomatic-recurrent-low-back-pain-patients-during-step-tasks
#20
Lars Henrik Larsen, Rogerio Pessoto Hirata, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
Low back pain (LBP) patients demonstrate reorganized trunk muscle activity but if similar changes are manifest in recurrent LBP patients (R-LBP) during asymptomatic periods remains unknown. In 26 healthy and 27 currently asymptomatic R-LBP participants electromyographic activity (EMG) was recorded from trunk and gluteal muscles during series of stepping up and down on a step bench before and during experimentally intramuscular induced unilateral and bilateral LBP. Pain intensity was assessed by numeric rating scale (NRS) scores...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
keyword
keyword
923
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"