Read by QxMD icon Read

Low back pain

Peter W Johnson, Monica Zigman, Jennifer Ibbotson, Jack T Dennerlein, Jeong Ho Kim
Full-time vehicle and heavy equipment operators often have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, especially low back pain (LBP). In occupations requiring vehicles or heavy equipment operation, exposure to whole body vibration (WBV) has been consistently associated with LBP. LBP is the most common cause of work-related disability and continues to be the leading cause of morbidity and lost productivity in the US workforce. Using a parallel randomized controlled trial design, over a 12-month period, this study evaluated two different seating interventions designed to reduce WBV exposures...
July 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Jeong Ho Kim, Monica Zigman, Jack T Dennerlein, Peter W Johnson
This randomized controlled trial study was conducted to determine whether two different seating interventions would reduce exposure to whole-body vibration (WBV) and improve associated health outcomes. Forty professional truck drivers were randomly assigned to two groups: (i) a control group of 20 drivers who received a new, industry-standard air-suspension seat, and (ii) an intervention group of 20 drivers who received an active-suspension seat. This study collected regional body pain (10-point scale), low back disability [Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)], physical and mental health [the Short Form 12-item Health Survey (SF-12)], and work limitations [Work Limitation Questionnaire (WLQ)] before and 3, 6, and 12 months after the seating intervention...
July 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Michael J Moses, Jared C Tishelman, Nicholas Stekas, David S Jevotovsky, Dennis Vasquez-Montes, Raj Karia, Thomas Errico, Aaron Buckland, Themistocles S Protopsaltis
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of a patient-reported outcomes database from a single institution from December 2016 to April 2017. OBJECTIVE: To validate the association of PROMIS with NDI in patients with neck pain and examine each instruments ability to capture concomitant arm pain and concomitant back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PROMIS has been increasingly utilized and its computer adapted testing methodology improves assessment of pain and disability...
July 13, 2018: Spine
Ashiyat Kehinde Akodu, Oluwagbemisola Marian Akindutire
Background: Sleep disturbance and depression are becoming more recognized as important symptoms among individuals with chronic low back pain. This study evaluated the effect of stabilization exercise on pain-related disability, sleep disturbance and the psychological status of patients with non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). Methods: A total of 26 patients (M/F = 17/9) with NSCLBP with a mean age of 50.0 ± 15.5 took part in this study. Participants were recruited from selected hospitals in Lagos state...
July 2018: Korean Journal of Pain
Dorien Laenens, Mark Plazier, Jeroen C H van der Hilst, Peter Messiaen
Campylobacter fetus ( C. fetus ) is a rare condition and mostly seen in elderly or immunocompromised patients. We present the first case of C. fetus spondylodiscitis in a virologically suppressed HIV seropositive patient with low back pain. MRI was performed and showed spondylodiscitis of the L4-L5 region. Empirical antibiotic therapy with flucloxacillin was started after blood cultures were drawn and an image-guided disc biopsy was performed. Blood cultures remained negative. The anaerobic culture of the puncture biopsy of the disc revealed presence of C...
July 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Sokol Trungu, Andrea Pietrantonio, Stefano Forcato, Maria Pia Tropeano, Luca De Martino, Antonino Raco
BACKGROUND:  Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and low-grade degenerative spondylolisthesis are frequently associated with facet joint degeneration, considered the main cause of low back pain. Surgery is the treatment of choice in patients affected by LSS unresponsive to conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcome of patients treated with posterior decompression and transfacet fixation for single-level LSS and facet joint degeneration...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Nicole F Hills, Ryan B Graham, Linda McLean
Background: A separation of the abdominal muscles at the linea alba, known as diastasis recti abdominis (DRA), can occur after childbirth. However, the impact of DRA on abdominal muscle function is not clear. Objective: The objective was to determine if differences exist in trunk muscle function and self-reported pain and low back dysfunction between women with and without DRA at 12 to 14 months postpartum and if differences that emerge from the data are associated with the magnitude of the interrectus distance (IRD)...
July 16, 2018: Physical Therapy
Muhammad Alrwaily, Michael Timko, Michael Schneider, Greg Kawchuk, Christopher Bise, Karthik Hariharan, Joel Stevans, Anthony Delitto
We present the movement control approach as part of the treatment-based classification system. This approach proposes a movement control schema that clarifies that movement control is a product of the interplay among multiple biopsychosocial components. The schema illustrates that for movement to occur in a dynamically controlled fashion, the lumbar spine requires both local mobility and global stability. Local mobility means that the lumbar spine and its adjacent regions possess adequate nerve and joint(s) mobility and soft tissue compliance (ie, the malleability of tissue to undergo elastic deformation)...
December 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
Daniela Santos Oliveira, Liliane Vélia Ferreira Mendonça, Rute Sofia Monteiro Sampaio, José Manuel Pereira Dias de Castro-Lopes, Luís Filipe Ribeiro de Azevedo
Objective: The psychological health of patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) influences their response to a number of conservative and invasive pain treatments. However, evidence is still scarce regarding the impact of anxiety and depression in the clinical outcomes of multidisciplinary pain management over time. This study, based on longitudinal data from a clinical practice setting, aimed to assess the effectiveness of the usual multidisciplinary approach provided to CLBP patients and to explore the impact of anxiety and depression symptoms and their interaction on clinical outcomes...
July 11, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Thibault Remacle, Nathalie Gilis, Stéphane Mauviel, Jean Michel Remacle
Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) refers to persistent, chronic pain following spinal surgery. Spinal cord stimulation with dorsal epidural leads can be used to treat back and leg pain in FBSS patients. This paper presents a detailed protocol for using spinal cord stimulation with surgical leads in FBSS patients. In our department, with the patient under general anesthesia, we place the lead in the epidural space by means of a small laminectomy at the 10th thoracic level. Placement of the lead is followed by a 1 month trial period with an externalized lead...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Tobias Potthoff, Eling D de Bruin, Sandra Rosser, Barry Kim Humphreys, Brigitte Wirth
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to analyze the results of studies on quantifiable physical risk factors (beyond questionnaires) for adolescent low back pain (LBP). METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in Medline (OvidSP), Premedline (PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane, CINAHL, PEDro and PsycINFO. Cross-sectional, prospective and retrospective English language studies on LBP in adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were included. RESULTS: Twenty-two mostly cross-sectional studies were included...
2018: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Hüseyin Nazlıkul, Fatma Gülçin Ural, Gökhan Tuna Öztürk, Aycel Derya Tanay Öztürk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of neural therapy on pain and functionality in patients with low back pain due to piriformis syndrome. It also aimed to find out any possible links between the clinical changes and demographic features. METHOD: One hundred and two patients were randomly divided into two groups (neural therapy and control). All patients were given stretching exercises for the piriformis muscle. The patients in the neural therapy group additionally received 6 sessions of neural therapy...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Rie Saito, Hisayuki Yokoyama, Kuniaki Meguro, Yusuke Ohba, Yoshihiko Izumi, Shinichiro Takahashi
A 38-year-old woman was suffering from back, right arm, and ankle joint pain, and visited our emergency department. Upon admission, the white blood cell (WBC) count was high (11,700/µL), and low numbers of red blood cells (2.21 × 106 /µL) and platelets (PLTs) (42,000/µL) were observed. A PLT histogram showed an abnormally shaped peak at around 20-30 fL, suggesting the presence of giant PLTs or PLT aggregation. The WBC histogram showed abnormal elevation at 35 fL and around 100 fL, suggesting abnormal cells including nucleated red blood cells...
November 2018: Practical Laboratory Medicine
Joseph Boktor, Tishi Ninan, Rhys Pockett, Iona Collins, Ahmed Sultan, Wael Koptan
Study Design: This study was a retrospective observational study. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the radiological and clinical outcome of using locally sourced autologous bone graft in the surgical management of single-level lumbar lytic spondylolisthesis. Background: Many spinal surgeons supplement pedicle screw fixation of lumbar spondylolisthesis with cages. In developing countries, the high cost of interbody cages has precluded their use, with surgeons resorting to filling the interbody space with different types of bone graft instead...
April 2018: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Keyvan Mostofi, Babak Gharaei Moghaddam, Morad Peyravi
Background: In practice of neurosurgery, we find that a wide number of patients referred for refractory low back pain have a history of lumbar discectomy. In a large number of them, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies detect Modic changes (MCs). The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between emergence of MC and low back after lumbar discectomy. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and fifty-eight patients with a medical history of discectomy had a MC at the level of the operated disc without any other discopathy...
April 2018: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Keyvan Mostofi, Babak Gharaei Moghadam, Morad Peyravi
Background: Baastrup disease (BD) is characterized by the degenerative changes of spinous processes and interspinous soft tissues. It is more common among aged persons. This disorder is a relatively common cause of low back pain. Its incidence is underestimated. A few studies have investigated BD epidemiology and proposed treatment efficacy. The aim of this paper is to establish impact and outcome evaluations of managing the patients with Baastrup disease who have been treated by implementing of floating interlaminar device (FID)...
April 2018: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Ingris Peláez-Ballestas, Ysabel Granados, Rosana Quintana, Adalberto Loyola-Sánchez, Flor Julián-Santiago, Celenia Rosillo, Alfonso Gastelum-Strozzi, Jose Alvarez-Nemegyei, Natalia Santana, Adriana Silvestre, Cesar Pacheco-Tena, Mario Goñi, Conrado García-García, Ligia Cedeño, Bernardo A Pons-Éstel
Epidemiological studies in Latin America suggest indigenous people lack proper healthcare for musculoskeletal (MSK) and rheumatic diseases. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of MSK disorders and rheumatic diseases in eight Latin American indigenous communities, and to identify which factors influence such prevalence using network analysis and syndemic approach. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, community-based census study according to Community-Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases methodology...
July 14, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Prawit Janwantanakul, Rattaporn Sihawong, Ekalak Sitthipornvorakul, Arpalak Paksaichol
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a conceptual model for the association between various biopsychosocial factors and nonspecific low back pain (LBP) in a sample of office workers. METHODS: A 1-year prospective cohort study of 669 healthy office workers was conducted. At baseline, a self-administered questionnaire and standardized physical examination were employed to gather biopsychosocial data. Follow-up data were collected every month for the incidence of LBP...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Iman Dianat, Arezou Alipour, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: To investigate the combinations of Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) (neck, shoulder, upper and low back pain) among a sample of Iranian school children. METHODS: The MSP combinations was modeled by latent class analysis (LCA) to find the clusters of high-risk individuals and multigroup LCA taking into account the gender and age (≤ 13 years and ≥ 14 years of age categories). RESULTS: The lowest and highest prevalence of MSP was 14...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
Raymond Ostelo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2018: Spine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"