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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145494/global-analysis-of-gene-expression-mediated-by-ox1-orexin-receptor-signaling-in-a-hypothalamic-cell-line
#1
Eric Koesema, Thomas Kodadek
The orexins and their cognate G-protein coupled receptors have been widely studied due to their associations with various behaviors and cellular processes. However, the detailed downstream signaling cascades that mediate these effects are not completely understood. We report the generation of a neuronal model cell line that stably expresses the OX1 orexin receptor (OX1) and an RNA-Seq analysis of changes in gene expression seen upon receptor activation. Upon treatment with orexin, several families of related transcription factors are transcriptionally regulated, including the early growth response genes (Egr), the Kruppel-like factors (Klf), and the Nr4a subgroup of nuclear hormone receptors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084019/expression-of-klf6-sv2-in-colorectal-cancer-and-its-impact-on-proliferation-and-apoptosis
#2
Biao Zhang, Dan-Dan Guo, Jia-Ying Zheng, Yan-An Wu
Kruppel like factor 6 (KLF6), a member of KLF family, which has classic zinc finger structure, is broadly considered to have anticancer activity. The role of SV2 variant, one of KLF6 alternative splicing isoforms has not yet been definite in the colorectal cancer. This study aimed to detect the expression of the KLF6-SV2 in colorectal cancer and investigate its impact on cell proliferation and apoptosis. qRT-PCR was used to quantitatively determine KLF6-SV2 mRNA expression in colorectal cancer samples, corresponding normal tissue, normal colonic mucosal cell line FHC and seven colorectal cancer cell lines...
October 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051189/klf-5-extends-its-fingers-to-desmosomes-the-next-frontier-for-enteric-epithelial-research
#3
Narek Israelyan, Kara Gross Margolis
n/a.
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047116/novel-mutations-in-klf1-encoding-the-in-lu-phenotype-reflect-a-diversity-of-clinical-presentations
#4
Jessica Keller, Sunitha Vege, Trina Horn, Margaret A Keller, Regina M Leger, Judith Aeschlimann, Christine Lomas-Francis, Connie M Westhoff
BACKGROUND: Mutation in the KLF1 gene is the cause of the In(Lu) (Inhibitor of Lutheran) Lu(a-b-) phenotype and more than 60 alleles have been associated with this phenotype. Here we describe findings from investigation of seven cases: six presenting with a Lu(a-b-) phenotype including the historical index case and one referred from a patient with chronic anemia. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Serologic testing was by standard methods. DNA testing included amplification and sequencing of KLF1 and LU coding regions...
October 19, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030550/a-conserved-klf-autophagy-pathway-modulates-nematode-lifespan-and-mammalian-age-associated-vascular-dysfunction
#5
Paishiun N Hsieh, Guangjin Zhou, Yiyuan Yuan, Rongli Zhang, Domenick A Prosdocimo, Panjamaporn Sangwung, Anna H Borton, Evgenii Boriushkin, Anne Hamik, Hisashi Fujioka, Ciaran E Fealy, John P Kirwan, Maureen Peters, Yuan Lu, Xudong Liao, Diana Ramírez-Bergeron, Zhaoyang Feng, Mukesh K Jain
Loss of protein and organelle quality control secondary to reduced autophagy is a hallmark of aging. However, the physiologic and molecular regulation of autophagy in long-lived organisms remains incompletely understood. Here we show that the Kruppel-like family of transcription factors are important regulators of autophagy and healthspan in C. elegans, and also modulate mammalian vascular age-associated phenotypes. Kruppel-like family of transcription factor deficiency attenuates autophagy and lifespan extension across mechanistically distinct longevity nematode models...
October 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992202/kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factors-and-vascular-wall-homeostasis
#6
Yanbo Fan, Haocheng Lu, Wenying Liang, Wenting Hu, Jifeng Zhang, Y Eugene Chen
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are major causes of death worldwide. Identification of promising targets for prevention and treatment of CVDs is paramount in the cardiovascular field. Numerous transcription factors regulate cellular function through modulation of specific genes and thereby are involved in the physiological and pathophysiological processes of CVDs. Although Krüppel-like factors (KLFs) have a similar protein structure with a conserved zinc finger domain, they possess distinct tissue and cell distribution patterns as well as biological functions...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977783/kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factor-7-is-a-marker-of-aggressive-gastric-cancer-and-poor-prognosis
#7
Zhonghua Jiang, Tingting Yu, Zhining Fan, Hongmei Yang, Xin Lin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Krüppel-like factor (KLF) 7 protein is a member of the KLF transcription factor family, which plays important roles in regulating the expression of genes involved in cell growth, proliferation, differentiation and metabolism. However, the role of KLF7 in gastric cancer (GC) is unknown. The aim of this study is to explore the role of KLF7 in GC and its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of GC patients. METHODS: We first systematically evaluated dysregulation of the KLF family in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) GC database...
October 5, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973855/autophagy-is-required-for-endothelial-cell-alignment-and-atheroprotection-under-physiological-blood-flow
#8
Anne-Clemence Vion, Marouane Kheloufi, Adel Hammoutene, Johanne Poisson, Juliette Lasselin, Cecile Devue, Isabelle Pic, Nicolas Dupont, Johanna Busse, Konstantin Stark, Julie Lafaurie-Janvore, Abdul I Barakat, Xavier Loyer, Michele Souyri, Benoit Viollet, Pierre Julia, Alain Tedgui, Patrice Codogno, Chantal M Boulanger, Pierre-Emmanuel Rautou
It has been known for some time that atherosclerotic lesions preferentially develop in areas exposed to low SS and are characterized by a proinflammatory, apoptotic, and senescent endothelial phenotype. Conversely, areas exposed to high SS are protected from plaque development, but the mechanisms have remained elusive. Autophagy is a protective mechanism that allows recycling of defective organelles and proteins to maintain cellular homeostasis. We aimed to understand the role of endothelial autophagy in the atheroprotective effect of high SS...
October 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963353/somatic-super-enhancer-duplications-and-hotspot-mutations-lead-to-oncogenic-activation-of-the-klf5-transcription-factor
#9
Xiaoyang Zhang, Peter S Choi, Joshua M Francis, Galen F Gao, Joshua D Campbell, Aruna Ramachandran, Yoichiro Mitsuishi, Gavin Ha, Juliann Shih, Francisca Vazquez, Aviad Tsherniak, Alison M Taylor, Jin Zhou, Zhong Wu, Ashton C Berger, Marios Giannakis, William C Hahn, Andrew D Cherniack, Matthew Meyerson
The Krüppel-like family of transcription factors (KLF) plays critical roles in human development and is associated with cancer pathogenesis. KLF5 has been shown to promote cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenesis, and to be genomically amplified in cancer cells. We recently reported that the KLF5 gene is also subject to other types of somatic coding and noncoding genomic alterations in diverse cancer types. Here we show that these alterations activate KLF5 by three distinct mechanisms. 1) Focal amplification of super-enhancers activates KLF5 expression in squamous cell carcinomas...
September 29, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923246/klf15-regulates-in%C3%A2-vitro-chondrogenic-differentiation-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-targeting-sox9
#10
Zhuoyue Song, Xiaolei Lian, Yang Wang, Yong Xiang, Guangheng Li
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stromal cells residing in the bone marrow. MSCs have the potential to differentiate into adipocytes, chondrocytes, and other types of cells. However, the mechanism underlying MSC differentiation is still not fully understood. Here we aimed to investigate the function of the Kruppel-like factor (KLF) transcriptional factor family in regulating chondrogenic differentiation from human MSCs. Among the KLF family members, KLF15 was activated during different models of chondrogenic differentiation in a time-dependent manner...
November 18, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916725/characterization-of-enhancers-and-the-role-of-the-transcription-factor-klf7-in-regulating-corneal-epithelial-differentiation
#11
Rachel Herndon Klein, William Hu, Ghaidaa Kashgari, Ziguang Lin, Tuyen Nguyen, Michael Doan, Bogi Andersen
During tissue development, transcription factors bind regulatory DNA regions called enhancers, often located at great distances from the genes they regulate, to control gene expression. The enhancer landscape during embryonic stem cell differentiation has been well characterized. By contrast, little is known about the shared and unique enhancer regulatory mechanisms in different ectodermally derived epithelial cells. Here, we use ChIP-seq to identify domains enriched for histone marks H3K4me3, H3K4me1, and H3K27ac, and define for the first time the super enhancers and typical enhancers active in primary human corneal epithelial cells...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901188/engineered-microvasculature-in-pdms-networks-using-endothelial-cells-derived-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#12
Amogh Sivarapatna, Mahboobe Ghaedi, Yang Xiao, Edward Han, Binod Aryal, Jing Zhou, Carlos Fernandez-Hernando, Yibing Qyang, Karen K Hirschi, Laura E Niklason
In this study, we used a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based platform for the generation of intact, perfusion-competent microvascular networks in vitro. COMSOL Multiphysics, a finite-element analysis and simulation software package, was used to obtain simulated velocity, pressure, and shear stress profiles. Transgene-free human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) were differentiated into partially arterialized endothelial cells (hiPSC-ECs) in 5 d under completely chemically defined conditions, using the small molecule glycogen synthase kinase 3β inhibitor CHIR99021 and were thoroughly characterized for functionality and arterial-like marker expression...
August 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869588/activation-of-pluripotent-genes-in-hepatic-progenitor-cells-in-the-transition-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-to-pre-malignant-lesions
#13
Gang Xu, Juan Ye, Xue-Jing Liu, Ning-Ping Zhang, Yi-Ming Zhao, Jia Fan, Xiu-Ping Liu, Jian Wu
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is considered as a precancerous condition. However, hepatic carcinogenesis from NASH is poorly understood. This study aims to investigate the activation of pluripotent genes (c-Myc, Oct-4, KLF-4, and Nanog) and morphogenic gene (Gli-1) in hepatic progenitor cells from patient specimens and in an animal model to determine the possibility of normal stem/progenitor cells becoming the origin of NASH-HCC. In this study, expression of pluripotent and morphogenic genes in human NASH-HCC tissues was significantly upregulated compared to adjacent non-tumor liver tissues...
October 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817673/the-plasmid-encoded-ipf-and-klf-fimbriae-display-different-expression-and-varying-roles-in-the-virulence-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-infantis-in-mouse-vs-avian-hosts
#14
Gili Aviv, Laura Elpers, Svetlana Mikhlin, Helit Cohen, Shaul Vitman Zilber, Guntram A Grassl, Galia Rahav, Michael Hensel, Ohad Gal-Mor
Salmonella enterica serovar Infantis is one of the prevalent Salmonella serovars worldwide. Different emergent clones of S. Infantis were shown to acquire the pESI virulence-resistance megaplasmid affecting its ecology and pathogenicity. Here, we studied two previously uncharacterized pESI-encoded chaperone-usher fimbriae, named Ipf and Klf. While Ipf homologs are rare and were found only in S. enterica subspecies diarizonae and subspecies VII, Klf is related to the known K88-Fae fimbria and klf clusters were identified in seven S...
August 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810596/expression-of-kruppel-like-factor-8-and-ki67-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-and-prognosis
#15
Yifei Liu, Xiufang Yao, Qing Zhang, Li Qian, Jia Feng, Tingting Bian, Jianguo Zhang, Ye Tian
Kruppel-like factor 8 (KLF8) belongs to the KLF family and has various roles in the regulation of the cell cycle, proliferation and tumor genesis. KLF8 is overexpressed in gastric, ovarian, breast and renal cancer. Additionally, KLF8 may affect invasion and metastasis of tumors. However, whether KLF8 also acts as an ontogeny in lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between KLF8 expression and various clinical and pathological parameters. Western blot assays and immune histochemistry analyses revealed that KLF8 level in LAC tissues was higher than that in the normal lung tissues and KLF8 expression was significantly associated with clinical variables (P<0...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794031/combinatorial-effects-of-the-glucocorticoid-receptor-and-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-transcription-factor-15-on-bovine-herpesvirus-1-transcription-and-productive-infection
#16
Fouad S El-Mayet, Laximan Sawant, Prasanth Thunuguntla, Clinton Jones
Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1), an important bovine pathogen, establishes lifelong latency in sensory neurons. Latently infected calves consistently reactivate from latency following a single intravenous injection of the synthetic corticosteroid dexamethasone. The immediate early transcription unit 1 (IEtu1) promoter, which drives bovine ICP0 (bICP0) and bICP4 expression, is stimulated by dexamethasone because it contains two glucocorticoid receptor (GR) response elements (GREs). Several Krüppel-like transcription factors (KLF), including KLF15, are induced during reactivation from latency, and they stimulate certain viral promoters and productive infection...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760770/transcriptional-mechanisms-that-control-expression-of-the-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-receptor-locus
#17
REVIEW
Rocio Rojo, Clare Pridans, David Langlais, David A Hume
The proliferation, differentiation, and survival of cells of the macrophage lineage depends upon signals from the macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF) receptor (CSF1R). CSF1R is expressed by embryonic macrophages and induced early in adult hematopoiesis, upon commitment of multipotent progenitors to the myeloid lineage. Transcriptional activation of CSF1R requires interaction between members of the E26 transformation-specific family of transcription factors (Ets) (notably PU.1), C/EBP, RUNX, AP-1/ATF, interferon regulatory factor (IRF), STAT, KLF, REL, FUS/TLS (fused in sarcoma/ranslocated in liposarcoma) families, and conserved regulatory elements within the mouse and human CSF1R locus...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716732/lysophosphatidic-acid-signaling-regulates-the-klf9-ppar%C3%AE-axis-in-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-neurons
#18
Tamotsu Tsukahara, Shuhei Yamagishi, Yoshikazu Matsuda, Hisao Haniu
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid signaling molecule that plays several significant roles in the nervous system during development and injury. In this study, we differentiated human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) into neurons as an in vitro model to examine the specific effects of LPA. We demonstrated that LPA activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), a ligand-activated nuclear receptor, as well as its cognate receptor LPA1 on human iPSC-derived neurons to enhance proliferation and neurite outgrowth...
September 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641818/the-role-of-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factor-14-in-the-pathogenesis-of-atherosclerosis
#19
REVIEW
Wei Xie, Liang Li, Xi-Long Zheng, Wei-Dong Yin, Chao-Ke Tang
The Krüppel-like factor (KLF) family, as the SP/XKLF transcription factors, plays important roles in regulating the expression of genes required for the proper execution of important biological and pathological processes. Recent studies have demonstrated that KLF14, a member of the KLF family, participates in the initiation and progression of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). From the molecular function aspect, this review focuses on the impact of KLF14-mediated regulation in major atherosclerosis-related diseases and pathological processes, such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, inflammation, obesity, metabolic syndrome, cell proliferation and differentiation...
June 7, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600522/direct-competition-between-dna-binding-factors-highlights-the-role-of-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factor-1-in-the-erythroid-megakaryocyte-switch
#20
Laura J Norton, Samantha Hallal, Elizabeth S Stout, Alister P W Funnell, Richard C M Pearson, Merlin Crossley, Kate G R Quinlan
The Krüppel-like factor (KLF) family of transcription factors play critical roles in haematopoiesis. KLF1, the founding member of the family, has been implicated in the control of both erythropoiesis and megakaryopoiesis. Here we describe a novel system using an artificial dominant negative isoform of KLF1 to investigate the role of KLF1 in the erythroid/megakaryocytic switch in vivo. We developed murine cell lines stably overexpressing a GST-KLF1 DNA binding domain fusion protein (GST-KLF1 DBD), as well as lines expressing GST only as a control...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
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