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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731409/assessment-of-the-probability-of-autochthonous-transmission-of-chikungunya-virus-in-canada-under-recent-and-projected-climate-change
#1
Victoria Ng, Aamir Fazil, Philippe Gachon, Guillaume Deuymes, Milka Radojević, Mariola Mascarenhas, Sophiya Garasia, Michael A Johansson, Nicholas H Ogden
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a reemerging pathogen transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The ongoing Caribbean outbreak is of concern due to the potential for infected travelers to spread the virus to countries where vectors are present and the population is susceptible. Although there has been no autochthonous transmission of CHIKV in Canada, there is concern that both Ae. albopictus and CHIKV will become established, particularly under projected climate change...
June 5, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727387/focal-cryotherapy-step-by-step-technique-description
#2
Cristina Redondo, Victor Srougi, José Batista da Costa, Mohammed Baghdad, Guillermo Velilla, Igor Nunes-Silva, Sebastien Bergerat, Silvia Garcia-Barreras, François Rozet, Alexandre Ingels, Marc Galiano, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Eric Barret, Xavier Cathelineau
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Focal cryotherapy emerged as an efficient option to treat favorable and localized prostate cancer (PCa). The purpose of this video is to describe the procedure step by step. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present the case of a 68 year-old man with localized PCa in the anterior aspect of the prostate. RESULTS: The procedure is performed under general anesthesia, with the patient in lithotomy position. Briefly, the equipament utilized includes the cryotherapy console coupled with an ultrasound system, argon and helium gas bottles, cryoprobes, temperature probes and an urethral warming catheter...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724433/gridsample-an-r-package-to-generate-household-survey-primary-sampling-units-psus-from-gridded-population-data
#3
Dana R Thomson, Forrest R Stevens, Nick W Ruktanonchai, Andrew J Tatem, Marcia C Castro
BACKGROUND: Household survey data are collected by governments, international organizations, and companies to prioritize policies and allocate billions of dollars. Surveys are typically selected from recent census data; however, census data are often outdated or inaccurate. This paper describes how gridded population data might instead be used as a sample frame, and introduces the R GridSample algorithm for selecting primary sampling units (PSU) for complex household surveys with gridded population data...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708881/large-anthropogenic-impacts-on-a-charismatic-small-carnivore-insights-from-distribution-surveys-of-red-panda-ailurus-fulgens-in-nepal
#4
Saroj Panthi, Gopal Khanal, Krishna Prasad Acharya, Achyut Aryal, Arjun Srivathsa
Protected areas are key to preserving biodiversity and maintaining ecosystem services. However, their ability to ensure long-term survival of threatened andendangered species varies across countries, regions and landscapes. Distribution surveys can beparticularly important for assessing the value of protected areas, and gauging their efficacy incatering to species-specific requirements. We assessed the conservation value of one such reserve for a charismatic yet globally endangered species, the red panda Ailurus fulgens,in the light of on-going land-use transformation in Nepal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703324/scaling-range-sizes-to-threats-for-robust-predictions-of-risks-to-biodiversity
#5
David A Keith, H Resit Akçakaya, Nicholas J Murray
Assessments of risk to biodiversity often rely on spatial distributions of species and ecosystems. Range size metrics used extensively in these assessments, such as Area of Occupancy (AOO), are sensitive to measurement scale, prompting proposals to measure them at finer scales, or a variery of different scales based on the shape of the distribution or ecological characteristics of the biota. Despite its dominant role in Red List assessments for decades, appropriate spatial scales of AOO for predicting risks of species extinction or ecosystem collapse remain untested and contentious...
July 13, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701481/place-and-grid-cells-in-a-loop-implications-for-memory-function-and-spatial-coding
#6
César Rennó-Costa, Adriano B L Tort
Place cells in the hippocampus and grid cells in the medial entorhinal cortex have different codes for space. However, how one code relates to the other is ill understood. Based on the anatomy of the entorhinal-hippocampal circuitry, we constructed a model of place and grid cells organized in a loop to investigate their mutual influence in the establishment of their codes for space. Using computer simulations, we first replicated experiments in rats that measured place and grid cell activity in different environments, and then assessed which features of the model account for different phenomena observed in neurophysiological data, such as pattern completion and pattern separation, global and rate remapping of place cells and realignment of grid cells...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694754/using-curcumin-to-prevent-structural-and-behavioral-changes-of-medial-prefrontal-cortex-induced-by-sleep-deprivation-in-rats
#7
Ali Noorafshan, Fatemeh Karimi, Saied Karbalay-Doust, Ali Mohammad Kamali
Sleep Deprivation (SD) is known to result in a range of neurological consequences in chronically-afflicted subjects. Curcumin, a natural substance, has neuroprotective properties. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of curcumin on the medial Prefrontal Cortex (mPFC) of SD rats. Male rats were arbitrarily assigned to nine groups, including control, curcumin (100 mg/kg/day), olive oil, SD, SD+curcumin, SD+olive oil, grid, grid+curcumin, and grid+olive oil groups. SD was induced by a multiplatform box containing water...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683931/filling-the-gap-using-fishers-knowledge-to-map-the-extent-and-intensity-of-fishing-activity
#8
Claire L Szostek, Lee G Murray, Ewen Bell, Michel J Kaiser
Knowledge of the extent and intensity of fishing activities is critical to inform management in relation to fishing impacts on marine conservation features. Such information can also provide insight into the potential socio-economic impacts of closures (or other restrictions) of fishing grounds that could occur through the future designation of Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs). We assessed the accuracy and validity of fishing effort data (spatial extent and relative effort) obtained from Fishers' Local Knowledge (LK) data compared to that derived from Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) data for a high-value shellfish fishery, the king scallop (Pecten maximus L...
June 20, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678438/examining-the-relationship-between-local-extinction-risk-and-position-in-range
#9
Elizabeth H Boakes, Nicholas J B Isaac, Richard A Fuller, Georgina M Mace, Philip J K McGowan
Over half of globally threatened animal species have experienced rapid geographic range loss. Identifying the parts of species' distributions most vulnerable to extinction would benefit conservation planning. However, previous studies give little consensus on whether ranges decline to the core or edge. Here we build on previous work by using empirical data to examine the position of recent local extinctions within species' geographic ranges, addressing range position as a continuum and exploring the influence of environmental factors...
July 5, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675670/predicting-the-abundance-of-forest-types-across-the-eastern-u-s-through-inverse-modelling-of-tree-demography
#10
Mark C Vanderwel, Danaë M A Rozendaal, Margaret E K Evans
Global environmental change is expected to induce widespread changes in the geographic distribution and biomass of forest communities. Impacts have been projected from both empirical (statistical) and mechanistic (physiology-based) modelling approaches, but there remains an important gap in accurately predicting abundance across species' ranges from spatial variation in individual-level demographic processes. We address this issue by using a cohort-based forest dynamics model (CAIN) to predict spatial variation in the abundance of six plant functional types (PFTs) across the eastern U...
July 4, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675011/-characterization-of-micrornas-profiles-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-reprogrammed-from-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-and-stem-cells-from-apical-papilla
#11
Tan Xiaobing, Dai Qingyuan
OBJECTIVE: To compare characterization of microRNAs (miRNAs) expression profiles of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) reprogrammed from human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and stem cells from apical papilla (SCAP) and screen-specific microRNA. METHODS: Human DPSCs and SCAP were reprogrammed into iPSCs using a Sendai virus vector. Total RNA of human DPSCs-iPSCs and SCAP-iPSCs were extracted. miRNAs were labeled and hybridized. Slides were scanned, and images were imported into GenePix Pro 6...
June 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671919/evaluation-of-layer-by-layer-segmented-ganglion-cell-complex-thickness-for-detecting-early-glaucoma-according-to-different-macular-grids
#12
Hae Jin Kim, Ki Ho Park, Young Kook Kim, Jin Wook Jeoung
PURPOSE: To investigate the diagnostic performance of layer-by-layer segmented macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness for detecting early glaucoma using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) with different macular grids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two early-stage open-angle glaucoma patients and 70 healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. The SD-OCT with automated segmentation was used to obtain macular scans with different grids of "1, 2, and 3 mm"; "1, 2...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671643/pm2-5-population-exposure-and-economic-effects-in-urban-agglomerations-of-china-using-ground-based-monitoring-data
#13
Yonglin Shen, Ling Yao
This paper adopts the PM2.5 concentration data obtained from 1497 station-based monitoring sites, population and gross domestic product (GDP) census data, revealing population exposure and economic effects of PM2.5 in four typical urban agglomerations of China, i.e., Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH), the Yangtze River delta (YRD), the Pearl River delta (PRD), and Chengdu-Chongqing (CC). The Cokriging interpolation method was used to estimate the PM2.5 concentration from station-level to grid-level. Next, an evaluation was conducted mainly at the grid-level with a cell size of 1 × 1 km, assisted by the urban agglomeration scale...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669882/tumor-growth-model-of-ductal-carcinoma-from-in-situ-phase-to-stroma-invasion
#14
Olivier Gallinato, Thierry Colin, Olivier Saut, Clair Poignard
This paper aims at modeling breast cancer transition from the in situ stage -when the tumor is confined to the duct- to the invasive phase. Such a transition occurs thanks to the degradation of the duct membrane under the action of specific enzymes so-called matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The model consists of advection-reaction equations that hold in the duct and in the surrounding tissue, in order to describe the proliferation and the necrosis of the cancer cells in each subdomain. The divergence of the velocity is given by the increase of the cell densities...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667472/erratum-to-combined-effect-of-pulse-density-and-grid-cell-size-on-predicting-and-mapping-aboveground-carbon-in-fast-growing-eucalyptus-forest-plantation-using-airborne-lidar-data
#15
Carlos Alberto Silva, Andrew Thomas Hudak, Carine Klauberg, Lee Alexandre Vierling, Carlos Gonzalez-Benecke, Samuel de Padua Chaves Carvalho, Luiz Carlos Estraviz Rodriguez, Adrián Cardil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660877/sodium-vanadium-titanium-phosphate-electrode-for-symmetric-sodium-ion-batteries-with-high-power-and-long-lifespan
#16
Dongxue Wang, Xiaofei Bie, Qiang Fu, Ditty Dixon, Natalia Bramnik, Yong-Sheng Hu, Francois Fauth, Yingjin Wei, Helmut Ehrenberg, Gang Chen, Fei Du
Sodium-ion batteries operating at ambient temperature hold great promise for use in grid energy storage owing to their significant cost advantages. However, challenges remain in the development of suitable electrode materials to enable long lifespan and high rate capability. Here we report a sodium super-ionic conductor structured electrode, sodium vanadium titanium phosphate, which delivers a high specific capacity of 147 mA h g(-1) at a rate of 0.1 C and excellent capacity retentions at high rates. A symmetric sodium-ion full cell demonstrates a superior rate capability with a specific capacity of about 49 mA h g(-1) at 20 C rate and ultralong lifetime over 10,000 cycles...
June 29, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650143/coupled-carbonization-strategy-toward-advanced-hard-carbon-for-high-energy-sodium-ion-battery
#17
Huimin Zhang, Hai Ming, Wenfeng Zhang, Gaoping Cao, Yusheng Yang
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are expected to be a promising commercial alternative to lithium-ion batteries for grid electricity storage due to their potential low cost in the near future. Up to the present, the anode material still remains a great challenge for the application of SIBs, especially at room temperature. Graphite has an obvious limitation to store larger radius sodium ions (Na(+)) in comparison with lithium ions (Li(+)), while the hard carbon with large interlayer distance can demonstrate a relatively high storage capability and durable cycle life...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640608/numerical-diculties-computing-electrostatic-potentials-near-interfaces-with-the-poisson-boltzmann-equation
#18
Marcia Oliveira Fenley, Alexander H Boschitsch, Robert C Harris
Many researchers compute surface maps of the electrostatic potential with the Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) equation to relate the structural information obtained from X-ray and NMR experiments to biomolecular functions. Here we demonstrate that the usual method of obtaining these surface maps of electrostatic potential, by interpolating from neighboring grid points on the solution grid generated by a PB solver, generates large errors because of the large discontinuity in the dielectric constant (and thus in the normal derivative of the electrostatic potential) at the surface...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632847/pattern-recognition-analysis-of-age-related-retinal-ganglion-cell-signatures-in-the-human-eye
#19
Nayuta Yoshioka, Barbara Zangerl, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Sieu K Khuu, Bryan W Jones, Rebecca L Pfeiffer, Robert E Marc, Michael Kalloniatis
Purpose: To characterize macular ganglion cell layer (GCL) changes with age and provide a framework to assess changes in ocular disease. This study used data clustering to analyze macular GCL patterns from optical coherence tomography (OCT) in a large cohort of subjects without ocular disease. Methods: Single eyes of 201 patients evaluated at the Centre for Eye Health (Sydney, Australia) were retrospectively enrolled (age range, 20-85); 8 × 8 grid locations obtained from Spectralis OCT macular scans were analyzed with unsupervised classification into statistically separable classes sharing common GCL thickness and change with age...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628647/an-efficient-coding-theory-for-a-dynamic-trajectory-predicts-non-uniform-allocation-of-entorhinal-grid-cells-to-modules
#20
Noga Mosheiff, Haggai Agmon, Avraham Moriel, Yoram Burak
Grid cells in the entorhinal cortex encode the position of an animal in its environment with spatially periodic tuning curves with different periodicities. Recent experiments established that these cells are functionally organized in discrete modules with uniform grid spacing. Here we develop a theory for efficient coding of position, which takes into account the temporal statistics of the animal's motion. The theory predicts a sharp decrease of module population sizes with grid spacing, in agreement with the trend seen in the experimental data...
June 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
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