Read by QxMD icon Read

Cancer branched chain amino acid

Raj Kumar Sharma, Kumudesh Mishra, Alvina Farooqui, Anu Behari, Vinay Kumar Kapoor, Neeraj Sinha
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: We present in this article (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolic approach to screen the serum metabolic alterations in human gallbladder inflammation with chronic cholecystitis (CC). MATERIAL/METHODS: Total of 71 human serum samples was divided into two groups, (n = 41, CC) and (n = 30 control). (1)H NMR metabolic profiling was carried out for investigation of metabolic alterations. Multivariate statistical analysis was applied for pattern recognition and identification of metabolites playing crucial role in gallbladder inflammation...
October 21, 2016: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
Laís Rosa Viana, Rafael Canevarolo, Anna Caroline Perina Luiz, Raquel Frias Soares, Camila Lubaczeuski, Ana Carolina de Mattos Zeri, Maria Cristina Cintra Gomes-Marcondes
BACKGROUND: Cachexia is one of the most important causes of cancer-related death. Supplementation with branched-chain amino acids, particularly leucine, has been used to minimise loss of muscle tissue, although few studies have examined the effect of this type of nutritional supplementation on the metabolism of the tumour-bearing host. Therefore, the present study evaluated whether a leucine-rich diet affects metabolomic derangements in serum and tumour tissues in tumour-bearing Walker-256 rats (providing an experimental model of cachexia)...
October 3, 2016: BMC Cancer
Meng Xu, Qingquan Liu, Yuli Jia, Kangsheng Tu, Yingmin Yao, Qingguang Liu, Cheng Guo
Branched-chain amino acid transaminase 1 (BCAT1) has been associated with numerous types of tumors; however, few previous studies have evaluated the expression and role of BCAT1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, the expression of BCAT1 was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting in six HCC cell lines and 74 pairs of HCC and adjacent non-cancerous liver tissues. In addition, the correlation between the expression levels of c-Myc and BCAT1 was analyzed using immunohistochemistry...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Wenhui Yang, Yan He, Shijie Liu, Lulu Gan, Zhiguo Zhang, Jun Wang, Jie Liang, Yang Dong, Qing Wang, Zongliu Hou, Li Yang
Dysregulation of metabolism in hepatocytes leads to hepatic diseases such as hepatitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD represents a spectrum of liver diseases ranging from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH is likely to progress to cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma, which lead to poor long-term prognosis. However, the exact mechanism of development of NAFLD is not well elucidated. In order to better understand the pathogenesis of NAFLD, we have performed an integrative analysis to livers from NAFLD rat models in a global view of the transcriptome...
September 30, 2016: Gene
Taro Takami, Takahiro Yamasaki, Issei Saeki, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Yutaka Suehiro, Isao Sakaida
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the deadliest cancers in the world and is associated with a high risk of recurrence. The development of a wide range of new therapies is therefore essential. In this study, from the perspective of supportive therapy for the prevention of HCC recurrence and preservation of liver function in HCC patients, we surveyed a variety of different therapeutic agents. We show that branched chain amino acids (BCAA) supplementation and late evening snack with BCAA, strategies that address issues of protein-energy malnutrition, are important for liver cirrhotic patients with HCC...
August 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Jared R Mayers, Margaret E Torrence, Laura V Danai, Thales Papagiannakopoulos, Shawn M Davidson, Matthew R Bauer, Allison N Lau, Brian W Ji, Purushottam D Dixit, Aaron M Hosios, Alexander Muir, Christopher R Chin, Elizaveta Freinkman, Tyler Jacks, Brian M Wolpin, Dennis Vitkup, Matthew G Vander Heiden
Tumor genetics guides patient selection for many new therapies, and cell culture studies have demonstrated that specific mutations can promote metabolic phenotypes. However, whether tissue context defines cancer dependence on specific metabolic pathways is unknown. Kras activation and Trp53 deletion in the pancreas or the lung result in pancreatic ductal adenocarinoma (PDAC) or non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), respectively, but despite the same initiating events, these tumors use branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) differently...
September 9, 2016: Science
Mahin Khatami
Longevity and accumulation of multiple context-dependent signaling pathways of long-standing inflammation (antigen-load or oxidative stress) are the results of decreased/altered regulation of immunity and loss of control switch mechanisms that we defined as Yin and Yang of acute inflammation or immune surveillance. Chronic inflammation is initiated by immune disruptors-induced progressive changes in physiology and function of susceptible host tissues that lead to increased immune suppression and multistep disease processes including carcinogenesis...
December 2016: Clinical and Translational Medicine
Yonghai Lu, Yeli Wang, Choon-Nam Ong, Tavintharan Subramaniam, Hyung Won Choi, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh, An Pan
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Metabolomics has provided new insight into diabetes risk assessment. In this study we characterised the human serum metabolic profiles of participants in the Singapore Chinese Health Study cohort to identify metabolic signatures associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In this nested case-control study, baseline serum metabolite profiles were measured using LC-MS and GC-MS during a 6-year follow-up of 197 individuals with type 2 diabetes but without a history of cardiovascular disease or cancer before diabetes diagnosis, and 197 healthy controls matched by age, sex and date of blood collection...
November 2016: Diabetologia
Delisha A Stewart, Jason H Winnike, Susan L McRitchie, Robert F Clark, Wimal W Pathmasiri, Susan J Sumner
To date, no targeted therapies are available to treat triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), while other breast cancer subtypes are responsive to current therapeutic treatment. Metabolomics was conducted to reveal differences in two hormone receptor-negative TNBC cell lines and two hormone receptor-positive Luminal A cell lines. Studies were conducted in the presence and absence of paclitaxel (Taxol). TNBC cell lines had higher levels of amino acids, branched-chain amino acids, nucleotides, and nucleotide sugars and lower levels of proliferation-related metabolites like choline compared with Luminal A cell lines...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Patricio Jeraldo, Alvaro Hernandez, Henrik B Nielsen, Xianfeng Chen, Bryan A White, Nigel Goldenfeld, Heidi Nelson, David Alhquist, Lisa Boardman, Nicholas Chia
The role of the microbiome in health and disease is attracting great attention, yet we still know little about some of the most prevalent microorganisms inside our bodies. Several years ago, Human Microbiome Project (HMP) researchers generated a list of "most wanted" taxa: bacteria both prevalent among healthy volunteers and distantly related to any sequenced organisms. Unfortunately, the challenge of assembling high-quality genomes from a tangle of metagenomic reads has slowed progress in learning about these uncultured bacteria...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Yi-Hu Zheng, Wei-Jian Hu, Bi-Cheng Chen, Tan-Hooi-Min Grahn, Yan-Rong Zhao, Hai-Li Bao, Ye-Fan Zhu, Qi-Yu Zhang
: BACKGROUND & AIMS: BCAT1 initiates the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids. Here, we investigated the function of BCAT1 and its transcriptional regulatory mechanism in HCC. METHODS: RNA-seq was used to evaluate BCAT1 mRNA levels in HCC and normal matched specimens. After the exogenous expression of BCAT1 in BEL-7404 cells and the suppression of endogenous BCAT1 expression with shRNA in HepG2 cells, the cell proliferation, clone-forming ability, and cell-cycle changes were measured with MTT assay, colony-forming assay, and flow cytometry, respectively...
June 1, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Sisini Sasidharan, Dhirendra Bahadur, Rohit Srivastava
Anisotropic noble metal nanoparticles especially branched gold nanoparticles with a large absorption cross-section and high molar extinction coefficient have promising applications in biomedical field. However, sophisticated and cumbersome methodologies of synthesis along with toxic precursors pose serious concern for its use. Herein, we report the synthesis of branched gold nanostructures from protein (albumin) nanoparticles by a simple reduction method. Albumin nanoparticles were synthesized by a modified desolvation technique with poly-l-arginine (cationic poly amino acid) substituting the conventional toxic cross-linker, glutaraldehyde...
June 29, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Joo Ern Ang, Rupinder Pandher, Joo Chew Ang, Yasmin J Asad, Alan T Henley, Melanie Valenti, Gary Box, Alexis de Haven Brandon, Richard D Baird, Lori Friedman, Mika Derynck, Bart Vanhaesebroeck, Suzanne A Eccles, Stan B Kaye, Paul Workman, Johann S de Bono, Florence I Raynaud
PI3K plays a key role in cellular metabolism and cancer. Using a mass spectrometry-based metabolomics platform, we discovered that plasma concentrations of 26 metabolites, including amino acids, acylcarnitines, and phosphatidylcholines, were decreased in mice bearing PTEN-deficient tumors compared with non-tumor-bearing controls and in addition were increased following dosing with class I PI3K inhibitor pictilisib (GDC-0941). These candidate metabolomics biomarkers were evaluated in a phase I dose-escalation clinical trial of pictilisib...
June 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Aline Tatiane Toneto, Luiz Alberto Ferreira Ramos, Emilianne Miguel Salomão, Rebeka Tomasin, Miguel Arcanjo Aereas, Maria Cristina Cintra Gomes-Marcondes
BACKGROUND: The condition known as cachexia presents in most patients with malignant tumours, leading to a poor quality of life and premature death. Although the cancer-cachexia state primarily affects skeletal muscle, possible damage in the cardiac muscle remains to be better characterized and elucidated. Leucine, which is a branched chain amino acid, is very useful for preserving lean body mass. Thus, this amino acid has been studied as a coadjuvant therapy in cachectic cancer patients, but whether this treatment attenuates the effects of cachexia and improves cardiac function remains poorly understood...
February 24, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Laura R de la Ballina, Sara Cano-Crespo, Elena González-Muñoz, Susanna Bial, Soline Estrach, Laurence Cailleteau, Floriane Tissot, Hannelore Daniel, Antonio Zorzano, Mark H Ginsberg, Manuel Palacín, Chloé C Féral
CD98hc functions as an amino acid (AA) transporter (together with another subunit) and integrin signaling enhancer. It is overexpressed in highly proliferative cells in both physiological and pathological conditions. CD98hc deletion induces strong impairment of cell proliferation in vivo and in vitro Here, we investigate CD98hc-associated AA transport in cell survival and proliferation. By using chimeric versions of CD98hc, the two functions of the protein can be uncoupled. Although recovering the CD98hc AA transport capacity restores the in vivo and in vitro proliferation of CD98hc-null cells, reconstitution of the integrin signaling function of CD98hc is unable to restore in vitro proliferation of those cells...
April 29, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Bread Leandro Gomes Cruz, Priscila Cristina da Silva, Rebeka Tomasin, Andre Gustavo Oliveira, Lais Rosa Viana, Emilianne Miguel Salomao, Maria Cristina Cintra Gomes-Marcondes
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of cancer during pregnancy merges two complex, poorly understood metabolic and hormonal conditions. This association can exacerbate the conditions of both the mother and the foetus. The branched-chain amino acid leucine enhances cellular activity, particularly by increasing protein synthesis. This study aimed to analyse the modulatory effect of a leucine-rich diet on direct and indirect tumour-induced placental damage. This was accomplished by evaluating the expression of genes involved in protein synthesis and degradation and assessing anti-oxidant enzyme activity in placental tissues collected from pregnant, tumour-bearing rats...
2015: BMC Cancer
Mahshid Kantoury, Mahboube Eslami Moghadam, Ali Akbar Tarlani, Adeleh Divsalar
The aim of this study was to investigate the structure effect and identify the modes of binding of amino acid-Pt complexes to DNA molecule for cancer treatment. Hence, three novel water soluble platinum complexes, [Pt(phen)(R-gly)]NO3 (where phen is 1,10-phenanthroline, R-gly is methyl, amyl, and isopentyl-glycine), have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic methods, conductivity measurements, and chemical analysis. The anticancer activities of synthesized complexes were investigated against human breast cancer cell line of MDA-MB 231...
July 2016: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
Gianluca Veggiani, Tomohiko Nakamura, Michael D Brenner, Raphaël V Gayet, Jun Yan, Carol V Robinson, Mark Howarth
Programmed connection of amino acids or nucleotides into chains introduced a revolution in control of biological function. Reacting proteins together is more complex because of the number of reactive groups and delicate stability. Here we achieved sequence-programmed irreversible connection of protein units, forming polyprotein teams by sequential amidation and transamidation. SpyTag peptide is engineered to spontaneously form an isopeptide bond with SpyCatcher protein. By engineering the adhesin RrgA from Streptococcus pneumoniae, we developed the peptide SnoopTag, which formed a spontaneous isopeptide bond to its protein partner SnoopCatcher with >99% yield and no cross-reaction to SpyTag/SpyCatcher...
February 2, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Dulamsuren Oktyabri, Akihiko Ishimura, Shoichiro Tange, Minoru Terashima, Takeshi Suzuki
DOT1L is a histone H3 lysine 79 (H3K79) methyltransferase mainly implicated in leukemia. Here we analyzed the function of DOT1L in breast cancer cells. The expression of DOT1L was up-regulated in malignant breast cancer tissues. Over-expression of DOT1L significantly increased the sphere formation and the cell migration activities of MCF7 breast cancer cell line. In contrast, knockdown of DOT1L reduced the cell migration activity of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line. BCAT1, which encodes a branched-chain amino acid transaminase, was identified as one of the target genes controlled by DOT1L through the regulation of H3K79 methylation...
April 2016: Biochimie
Hiroyasu Sakai, Yohei Shirakami, Masahito Shimizu
Obesity and its related metabolic disorders are serious health problems worldwide, and lead to various health-related complications, including cancer. Among human cancers, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies affected by obesity. Therefore, obesity and its related disorders might be a key target for the prevention of HCC. Recently, new research indicates that the molecular abnormalities associated with obesity, including insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia, chronic inflammation, adipokine imbalance, and oxidative stress, are possible molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of obesity-related hepatocarcinogenesis...
January 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"