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Pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024913/retrospective-study-on-de-novo-postoperative-urinary-incontinence-after-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery
#1
Aiste Ugianskiene, Niels Kjærgaard, Anna Sofie Inger Lindquist, Thomas Larsen, Karin Glavind
OBJECTIVE: Reported incidences of de novo urinary incontinence (UI) following pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery in preoperatively continent women vary between 2% and 43%. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and the types of de novo UI and differences between operations in different compartments. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of 678 women with POP surgery using native tissue repair during a 3-year period. Patients completed three modified prolapse questions from the International Consultation on Incontinence-Vaginal Symptoms (ICIQ-VS) and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire- Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF) before undergoing surgery and 3 months postoperatively...
October 4, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022787/does-a-missed-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-at-time-of-delivery-affect-short-term-functional-outcome
#2
L Ramage, C Yen, S Qiu, C Simillis, C Kontovounisios, E Tan, P Tekkis
Introduction This study aimed to ascertain whether missed obstetric anal sphincter injury at delivery had worse functional and quality of life outcomes than primary repair immediately following delivery. Materials and methods Two to one propensity matching was undertaken of patients presenting to a tertiary pelvic floor unit with ultrasound evidence of missed obstetric anal sphincter injury within 24 months of delivery with patients who underwent primary repair at the time of delivery by parity, grade of injury and time to assessment...
September 15, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019880/the-effect-of-water-immersion-delivery-on-the-strength-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-and-pelvic-floor-disorders-during-postpartum-period-an-experimental-study
#3
Yun Zhao, Mei Xiao, Fei Tang, Wan Tang, Heng Yin, Guo-Qiang Sun, Yin Lin, Yong Zhou, Yan Luo, Lu-Man Li, Zhi-Hua Tan
BACKGROUND: Water immersion delivery is a non-pharmacological approach to ease labor pain. This paper aims to investigate the effect of water immersion delivery on increasing strength of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) and relieving pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) during postpartum period. METHODS: A total of 2749 vaginal-delivery primiparas in postpartum 6-8 weeks were selected as research objects. Based on the modes of delivery, 600 patients were assigned into water immersion delivery group, 2149 were assigned into conventional delivery group...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988907/validity-of-utility-measures-for-women-with-pelvic-organ%C3%A2-prolapse
#4
Heidi S Harvie, Daniel D Lee, Uduak U Andy, Judy A Shea, Lily A Arya
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition that frequently coexists with urinary and fecal incontinence. The impact of prolapse on quality of life is typically measured through condition-specific quality-of-life instruments. Utility preference scores are a standardized generic health-related quality-of-life measure that summarizes morbidity on a scale from 0 (death) to 1 (optimum health). Utility preference scores quantify disease severity and burden and are widely used in cost-effectiveness research...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954448/-evaluation-of-transperineal-sonography-for-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-after-pelvic-floor-reconstruction
#5
X L Zhong, J Song, Y L Xu, X L Lyu, X H Zhong, A P Wang, Y F Song
Objective: To evaluate transperineal sonography for lower urinary tract symptoms after pelvic floor reconstruction. Methods: Eighty-three patients with severe pelvic organ prolapse received surgeries in Fuzhou General Hospital from September 2014 to September 2015, dividing into two groups: 27 patients were selected to receive transvaginal mesh (TVM) pelvic floor reconstruction surgery with tension-free vaginal tape-Abbrevo (TVT-Abbrevo) incontinence surgery, named TVM+TVT-Abbrevo group; 56 patients were selected to receive TVM pelvic floor reconstruction surgery only, named TVM group...
September 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953613/surgical-management-of-female-pelvic-organ-prolapse-with-and-without-urinary-incontinence-a-single-center-experience
#6
Luigi Cormio, Vito Mancini, Giuseppe Liuzzi, Nicola d'Altilia, Giuseppe Carrieri
The study reports a single center experience with surgical management of female pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with and without urinary incontinence.Between January 2006 and July 2016, 93 consecutive patients with anterior and/or apical symptomatic POP underwent abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) or laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) or pubovaginal cystocele sling (PCS); 25 patients had concomitant stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Subjective outcome was assessed by the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (short form) (PFIQ-7) investigating bladder, bowel and vaginal functions, sexual activity, and daily life...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953571/does-the-degree-of-cystocele-predict-de-novo-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-prolapse-repair-further-analysis-of-the-colpopexy-and-urinary-reduction-efforts-trial
#7
Michael T Davenport, Eric R Sokol, Craig V Comiter, Christopher S Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Cystoceles may cause urethral obstruction by altering the vesicourethral angle. Restoration of normal anatomy after pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair can relieve this obstruction but may unmask stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The association between the severity of cystocele and developing de novo SUI after prolapse repair, however, is poorly understood. We hypothesized that, in women undergoing prolapse repair, increasing degrees of bladder prolapse would be associated with increasing rates of postoperative de novo SUI...
September 26, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953125/association-of-vulvar-symptoms-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-urinary-incontinence
#8
Avery A Whitis, Susan W Lipinski, Catherine S Bradley, Colleen K Stockdale
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare vulvar symptoms between urogynecology patients diagnosed with urinary incontinence (UI) and/or pelvic organ prolapse to women presenting for annual gynecological care. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. Vulvar symptoms (burning, pain, itching, dyspareunia, and discharge) were measured by asking respondents to rate the severity of each symptom from 0 (none) to 10 (most severe). Patient history, diagnoses, and the Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 (UDI-6) score were abstracted from records...
October 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953079/associations-between-type-and-route-of-hormone-use-on-urinary-incontinence-and-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women
#9
Olivia Orlinda Cardenas-Trowers, Mark Borgstrom, Ilana Addis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between type and route of hormone use and urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. METHODS: The authors used the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey database for data from 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, and 2011-2012. Seven thousand sixty-six of the women included were premenopausal, and 5387 were postmenopausal. Premenopausal women were younger than 51 years and reported menstrual periods in the last 12 months...
September 25, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919825/abdominal-sacrocolpopexy-with-pelvicol-xenograft-and-concomitant-burch-colposuspension
#10
Sameh Hijazi, Dieter Echtle, Omar M Aboumarzouk, Elmar Heinrich
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of Pelvicol xenograft use during abdominal sacrocolpopexy to repair pelvic organ prolapse (POP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 27 consecutive women with symptomatic POP were included in this study. A POP-quantification system and International Continence Society classification were used. Functional and anatomical outcomes were assessed. Subjective outcomes and physical activity after surgery were evaluated due to modified quality of life questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915136/laparoscopic-mesh-less-cervicosacropexy-for-uterovaginal-prolapse
#11
Renato Seracchioli, Diego Raimondo, Alessandro Arena, Giulia Gava, Clara Parmeggiani, Valentina Martelli, Elisa Moro, Margherita Zanello, Roberto Paradisi, Mohamed Mabrouk
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate surgical and clinical outcomes of laparoscopic mesh-less cervicosacropexy for the treatment of uterovaginal prolapse. METHODS: This single institutional review board-approved prospective cohort study enrolled 46 consecutive, sexually active symptomatic women requiring surgical correction of uterovaginal prolapse, from July 2013 to March 2016. After supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy, the cervix was suspended to the anterior longitudinal ligament of the sacral promontory through a continuous suture with plication and shortening of the right uterosacral ligament...
September 14, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914701/elevated-postvoid-residual-urine-volume-identifying-risk-factors-and-predicting-resolution-in-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#12
Amanda Ulrich, Patricia Davis, Paul Tulikangas, David M OʼSullivan, Katie Propst
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify risk factors for elevated preoperative postvoid residual (PVR) and persistently elevated postoperative PVR and to evaluate the resolution rate of elevated PVR urine volume in patients undergoing reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study comparing 50 women with elevated preoperative PVR (≥100 mL) and 50 women with normal PVR (<100 mL). Preoperative demographic, physical examination, urodynamic data, type of surgery performed, and postoperative trial of void data were collected...
September 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913148/the-effect-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-type-on-sexual-function-muscle-strength-and-pelvic-floor-symptoms-in-women-a-retrospective-study
#13
Nuriye Özengin, Hatice Çankaya, Elif Duygu, Muhammet Fatih Uysal, Yeşim Bakar
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective research was planned to investigate the effect of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) type on sexual function, muscle strength, and pelvic floor symptoms in symptomatic women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on POP type and stages as assessed using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse-Quantification system of 721 women who presented to the women's health unit between 2009 and 2016 were collected retrospectively. POP types were recorded as asymptomatic, anterior, apical, and posterior compartment prolapses...
June 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900856/incidence-and-management-of-de-novo-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-after-pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair
#14
REVIEW
Henry Tran, Doreen E Chung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a significant problem with many options for surgical correction. Following prolapse surgery, de novo lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are not uncommon. We review the current literature on de novo lower urinary tract symptoms following POP repair and discuss the role of urodynamics in the evaluation of the prolapse patient. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with occult stress urinary incontinence (SUI) appear to be at higher risk of developing de novo SUI after POP repair...
September 12, 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894904/factors-influencing-the-outcome-of-surgery-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#15
Katja Stenström Bohlin, Maud Ankardal, Emil Nüssler, Håkan Lindkvist, Ian Milsom
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery is a common gynecological procedure. Our aim was to assess the influence of obesity and other risk factors on the outcome of anterior and posterior colporrhaphy with and without mesh. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the Swedish National Register for Gynecological Surgery on 18,554 women undergoing primary and repeat POP surgery without concomitant urinary incontinence (UI) surgery between 2006 and 2015...
September 11, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891280/pelvic-floor-evaluation-with-transperineal-ultrasound-a-new-approach
#16
Francesca Vellucci, Cristina Regini, Chiara Barbanti, Stefano Luisi
The increased life expectancy, the importance of the prevention in younger age and the role of the pelvic floor disfunction not only in the disease of the third age, but also in the childbearing age, as the influence on the type of delivery, underline the importance of the evaluation of the pelvic floor. The evaluation of pelvic floor is generally clinical, but in the last 2 decades, the use of ultrasound has become a mainstream diagnostic tool in the investigation of female pelvic organ prolapse, urinary and fecal incontinence and defecation disorders, providing an immediate objective confirmation of findings obtained on clinical examination and filling some of the gaps of the urogynecological exam...
September 5, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875234/in-obesity-even-young-women-suffer-from-urogynecological-symptoms
#17
Janina Brucker, Ina Wagner, Gottfried Rudofsky, Geraldine Rauch, Christof Sohn, Kerstin A Brocker
PURPOSE: To evaluate the occurrence of urogynecological symptoms in obese women treated in a university outpatient clinic for obesity, setting a focus on younger women. METHODS: In this explorative, prospective, cross-sectional, single-center, multidisciplinary clinical trial, all consecutively recruited women received the Prolapse Quality of Life questionnaire (P-QOL) for data acquisition. The total study population (TSP) and a subgroup (SG) aged 18-49 years were evaluated descriptively regarding symptom demonstration...
September 5, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871426/assessment-of-overactive-bladder-symptoms-among-women-with-successful-pessary-placement
#18
Dimitrios Zacharakis, Themos Grigoriadis, Eleni Pitsouni, Kostas Kypriotis, Nikistratos Vogiatzis, Stavros Athanasiou
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The causal association between pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms is supported by several theories. The aim of this study is to assess any changes in OAB symptoms among women with POP and OAB after successful pessary placement. METHODS: During the study period, all women with symptomatic POP stage II or greater and OAB symptoms were offered the solution of either a ring or a Gellhorn pessary. All patients were asked to complete a 3-day micturition/incontinence diary...
September 4, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856405/surgical-management-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-stress-urinary-incontinence-where-are-we-now
#19
EDITORIAL
Isra Ali, Steven Swift, G Alessandro Digesu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852790/informed-consent-checklists-for-midurethral-slings-a-common-sense-approach
#20
G Alessandro Digesu, Steven Swift, Victoria Handley
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Following the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) warning about the use of transvaginal mesh to treat pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and the use of single-incision slings to treat incontinence, the number of lawsuits for medical negligence regarding the use of any polypropylene mesh in the vagina has increased tremendously. METHODS: This same FDA document did not question the use of polypropylene midurethral slings and polypropylene for sacrocolpopexies...
August 29, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
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