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diterpenoid alkaloid

Qinglan Guo, Huan Xia, Gaona Shi, Tiantai Zhang, Jiangong Shi
A novel sulfonated C20-diterpenoid alkaloid with an unprecedented carbon skeleton and significant analgesic activity (46.7% inhibition at 0.1 mg/kg, i.p.), named aconicarmisulfonine A (1), was isolated from an aqueous extract of the lateral roots of Aconitum carmichaelii. Its structure was determined by comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data, especially by 2D NMR spectroscopic data combined with ECD calculation and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The plausible biosynthetic pathways of compound 1 are also discussed...
January 12, 2018: Organic Letters
Atish Kumar Sahoo, Jagnehswar Dandapat, Umesh Chandra Dash, Satish Kanhar
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Alzheimer's disease (AD), a deleterious neurodegenerative disorder that impairs memory, cognitive functions and may lead to dementia in late stage of life. The pathogenic cause of AD remains incompletely understood and FDA approved drugs are partial inhibitors rather than curative. Most of drugs are synthetic or natural products as galanthamine is an alkaloid obtained from Galanthus spp. Huperzine A, an alkaloid found in Huperzia spp., gingkolides a diterpenoids from Gingko biloba and many ethnobotanicals like Withania somnifera, Physostigma venenosum, Bacopa monnieri, Centella asiatica have been used by traditional Indian, Chinese, and European system of medicines in AD...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ahmatbeck Samanbay, Bo Zhao, Haji Akber Aisa
A new denudatine-type C20-diterpenoid alkaloid, designated as sinchianine (1), together with eight known diterpenoid alkaloids, 12-acetyl-12-epi-napelline (2), 12-epi-napelline (3), neoline (4), talatisamine (5), 14-O-acetylsenbusine A (6) and benzoylaconine (7), songorine (8) and aconitine (9), were isolated from the whole herb of Aconitum sinchiangense W. T. Wang. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses (NMR and HR-ESI-MS) and comparison with data reported in the literature...
December 6, 2017: Natural Product Research
Min Zhang, Quanzheng Zhang, Zhongshan Zhang, Zhong Huang, Changhui Zhang, Song Xi
The first total synthesis of the architecturally complex hetisine-type heptacyclic C20-diterpenoid alkaloids (±)-spirasine IV and XI is reported. The A/F/G/C tetracyclic skeleton with the challenging N-C6 and C14-C20 linkages was efficiently constructed by an intramolecular azomethine ylide-based 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition, wherein an unusual regioselectivity was obtained. A SmI2-mediated, free radical addition to the arene moiety without prior dearomatization and a stereoselective intramolecular aldol reaction were further employed to enable rapid access to the hetisine core, providing a bicyclo[2...
December 4, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Ji-Fa Zhang, Lin Chen, Shuai Huang, Lian-Hai Shan, Feng Gao, Xian-Li Zhou
Twenty-five diterpenoid alkaloids were isolated from the roots of two Aconitum species. The structures of seven new C19-diterpenoid alkaloids, apetaldines A-G (1-7), and 10 known alkaloids (8-17) from Aconitum apetalum and eight known alkaloids (18-25) from Aconitum franchetii var. villosulum were elucidated via HRESIMS, IR, and NMR data. Alkaloids 1-10, 15, 16, and 18-25 were screened for their antifeedant activity. Among the compounds tested, chasmanthinine (19) showed highly potent antifeedant activity with an effective concentration for 50% feeding reduction (EC50) at 0...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Jie Tian, Chao Han, Wen-Hua Guo, Yong Yin, Xiao-Bing Wang, Hong-Bin Sun, He-Quan Yao, Yong Yang, Chen Wang, Chang Liu, Ming-Hua Yang, Ling-Yi Kong
Nigegladines A-C (1-3), three thymoquinone dimers, were isolated from the seeds of Nigella glandulifera. Racemic 1 possesses a unique tricyclo[,6)]dodecane carbon skeleton, and compounds 2 and 3 are two unusual diterpenoid alkaloids with indole cores. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses, and that of 1 was confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Both (+)-1 and (-)-1 exhibited significant protective effects against hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced H9c2 myocardial cell injury...
November 17, 2017: Organic Letters
Haroon Khan, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Antoni Sureda, Nikolay Mehterov, Diana Gulei, Ioana Berindan-Neagoe, Hiroaki Taniguchi, Atanas G Atanasov
Alkaloids are well-studied secondary metabolites, with recent preclinical studies evidencing that many of them exhibit anti-cancer, anti-depressant, anti-nociceptive, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, anti-platelet, anti-oxidant, and anti-bacterial properties. Aconitum is a genus rich of diverse alkaloids. More than 450 alkaloids have been identified in a variety of species. Songorine is a C20 diterpenoid alkaloid and 12-keto analog of napelline, isolated from Aconitum soongaricum and was associated with a heterogeneous panel of biological functions...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Xiangting Gao, Xincai Zhang, Jun Hu, Xuehua Xu, Yuanyi Zuo, Yun Wang, Jingfeng Ding, Hongfei Xu, Shaohua Zhu
Aconitine, a diterpenoid alkaloids derived from Aconitum plants, is widely employed to treat various diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the apoptotic effect of aconitine in H9c2 cardiac cells. H9c2 cell apoptosis induced by aconitine was detected by a Cell Counting kit‑8 assay, DAPI staining, Annexin V‑FITC/propidium iodide double staining and western blotting. The effects of aconitine on reactive oxygen species levels and mitochondrial membrane potential were confirmed by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yan-Xiu Chen, Meng-Yang Xu, Hou-Jin Li, Kun-Jiao Zeng, Wen-Zhe Ma, Guo-Bao Tian, Jun Xu, De-Po Yang, Wen-Jian Lan
By adding l-tryptophan and l-phenylalanine to GPY medium, twenty-eight compounds, including amides, polyketides, a sesquiterpenoid, a diterpenoid, a meroterpenoid, diketopiperazines, β-carbolines, fumiquinazolines, and indole alkaloids, were discovered from the marine-derived fungus Dichotomomyces cejpii F31-1, demonstrating the tremendous biosynthetic potential of this fungal strain. Among these compounds, four amides dichotomocejs A-D (1-4), one polyketide dichocetide A (5), and two diketopiperazines dichocerazines A-B (15 and 16) are new...
November 1, 2017: Marine Drugs
Hiroshi Yamashita, Keiko Takeda, Machiko Haraguchi, Yuki Abe, Natsumi Kuwahara, Shota Suzuki, Ayaka Terui, Takumi Masaka, Naoko Munakata, Mariko Uchida, Masashi Nunokawa, Kyousuke Kaneda, Masuo Goto, Kuo-Hsiung Lee, Koji Wada
Diterpenoid alkaloids with remarkable chemical properties and biological activities are frequently found in plants of the genera Aconitum, Delphinium, and Garrya. Accordingly, several diterpenoid alkaloid constituents of Aconitum and Delphinium plants as well as their derivatives exhibited cytotoxic activity against lung, prostate, nasopharyngeal, and vincristine-resistant nasopharyngeal cancer cell lines. Four new C19-diterpenoid alkaloids, 14-anisoyllasianine (1), 14-anisoyl-N-deethylaconine (2), N-deethylaljesaconitine A (3), and N-deethylnevadensine (4), together with 17 known C19- and C20-diterpenoid alkaloids, were isolated in a phytochemical investigation of rhizoma of Aconitum japonicum THUNB...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Yoshitake Nishiyama, Satoshi Yokoshima, Tohru Fukuyama
A synthesis of cardiopetaline has been accomplished via a Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement of a diol having the denudatine skeleton. The Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement could be facilitated simply by heating the diol with p-toluenesulfonic acid in pivalic acid, without preactivating the pivotal hydroxy group. This strategy does not require differentiation of several hydroxy groups in the substrate for the Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement and could be applied to the synthesis of more highly oxygenated aconitine-type diterpenoid alkaloids...
October 17, 2017: Organic Letters
Dan Huang, Xinqing Zhao, Xiuxiu Liu, Ruobing Chao
A convenient and accurate high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with evaporative light scattering detection (HPLC-ELSD) method using solid phase extraction (SPE) was established for quantification of five aminoalcohol-diterpenoid alkaloids (ADAs), including mesaconine, aconine, hypaconine, fuziline and neoline, in the lateral roots of Aconitum carmichaeli (Fuzi) for the first time. The Fuzi extractive was purified using strong cation-exchange SPE. The chromatographic separation was performed on a Gemini C18 column (150 × 4...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Francis A Armah, Isaac K Amponsah, Abraham Y Mensah, Rita A Dickson, Paul A Steenkamp, Ntakadzeni E Madala, Christian K Adokoh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Leishmaniasis is one of the neglected tropical disease caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania transmitted by sandflies. High cost and lack of oral formulation of existing drugs, rapid developments of resistance by the parasite coupled with serious side effects require new treatments to augment or replace currently available therapies. The major merits of herbal medicine seem to demonstrate perceived efficacy, low incidence of serious adverse effects and low cost...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Min Zhang, Chong-Sheng Peng, Xiao-Bo Li
The roots of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. show excellent effects against rheumatism and cardiovascular diseases, but the effective compounds, C19-diester and monoester diterpenoid alkaloids (DDAs and MDAs) are toxic for their narrow therapeutic windows. It is noteworthy to investigate intestinal metabolism of these toxic compounds mainly by oral administration, because gut also express drug-metabolizing enzymes as well as liver. This study initially focused on phase I and phase II metabolism of DDAs (including aconitine, mesaconitine and hypaconitine) and MDAs (including benzoylaconine, benzoylmesaconine and benzoylhypaconine) in human intestine microsomes (HIM), with comparison of metabolism in human liver microsomes (HLM)...
September 14, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Kevin G M Kou, Svitlana Kulyk, Christopher J Marth, Jack C Lee, Nicolle A Doering, Beryl X Li, Gary M Gallego, Terry P Lebold, Richmond Sarpong
The secondary metabolites that comprise the diterpenoid alkaloids are categorized into C18, C19, and C20 families depending on the number of contiguous carbon atoms that constitute their central framework. Herein, we detail our efforts to prepare these molecules by chemical synthesis, including a photochemical approach, and ultimately a bioinspired strategy that has resulted in the development of a unifying synthesis of one C18 (weisaconitine D), one C19 (liljestrandinine), and three C20 (cochlearenine, paniculamine, and N-ethyl-1α-hydroxy-17-veratroyldictyzine) natural products from a common intermediate...
September 20, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jason J Pflueger, Louis C Morrill, Justine N deGruyter, Melecio A Perea, Richmond Sarpong
A synthetic strategy to access the fused 6-7-6 tricyclic core of hetisine-type C20-diterpenoid alkaloids is reported. This strategy employs a Diels-Alder cycloaddition to assemble a fused bicyclic anhydride intermediate, which is elaborated to a vinyl lactone-acetal bearing an aromatic ring in five steps. Aromatic iodination is followed by magnesium-halogen exchange with a trialkyl magnesiate species, which undergoes intramolecular cyclization. Subsequent oxidation provides the desired 6-7-6 tricyclic diketoaldehyde, with carbonyl groups at all three positions for eventual C-N bond formation and subsequent elaboration...
August 18, 2017: Organic Letters
Filiz Mericl, Ali H Mericli, Haridutt K Desai, Ayhan Ulubelen, S William Pelletier
Seven diterpenoid alkaloids : delcosine(1), delsoline(2), gigactonine(3), lycoctonine(4), takaosamine(5), atisine(6) and hetisinone(7) have been isolated from the aerial parts of Consolida regalis subsp. paniculata var. paniculata. The presence of compounds 1,2,5,6 and 7 in this plant has not been previously reported.
August 16, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
Xiao-Yu Liu, Yong Qin
Covering: 2015 to March 2017ortho-Benzoquinones generated from dearomatization of aromatic compounds are highly reactive intermediates in organic synthesis. One of their most important applications involves the participation in Diels-Alder cycloadditions, facilitating rapid access to molecular complexity. This powerful strategy has recently been utilized in the syntheses of diverse diterpenoid alkaloids and their biogenetically relevant diterpenes, which is the subject of this Highlight.
August 30, 2017: Natural Product Reports
Lian-Hai Shan, Ji-Fa Zhang, Feng Gao, Shuai Huang, Xian-Li Zhou
Extensive phytochemical investigation on the whole herbs of Delphinium anthriscifolium var. majus led to the identification of fourteen diterpenoid alkaloids, including three new C20-diterpenoid alkaloids (anthriscifolsines A-C, 1-3), six new C19-diterpenoid alkaloids (anthriscifolrines A-F, 4-9), and five know compounds (10-14). Among them, anthriscifolsine A represents a novel C20-diterpenoid alkaloid characterized by a seco C-ring. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, including HR-ESI-MS, X-ray, and 1D and 2D NMR experiments...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mingjie Zhang, Manman Wang, Jiajia Liang, Yongqing Wen, Zhili Xiong
In this paper, an ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method in positive ion mode was established to systematically identify and to compare the major aconitum alkaloids and their metabolites in rat plasma and urine after oral administration of Fuzi extract. A total twenty-nine components including twenty-five C19 -diterpenoid alkaloids and four C20 -diterpenoid alkaloids were identified in Fuzi extract. Thirteen of the parent components and five metabolites were detected in rat plasma and sixteen parent compounds and six metabolites in urine...
July 18, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
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