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Wanda Montalvo, Mary W Byrne
Objective. The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the correlations between mentoring functions and political skill development among nurses who have earned or are candidates for a Ph.D. or doctorate of nursing practice (DNP) degree. Background. The healthcare system is in flux; future generations of Ph.D. and DNP nurse leaders will be required to demonstrate political acumen. Political skill to navigate organizational politics has had limited research within nursing. Methods. A cross-sectional research design using a web-based survey of 222 nurses who have earned or are candidates for a Ph...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
Pilar Bueno Vargas, Manuel Manzano Martín, Inmaculada López-Aliaga, José M ª López Pedrosa
Introducción: la gestación y lactancia están relacionadas con pérdidas temporales en la densidad mineral ósea (DMO) materna. Una suplementación con calcio podría resultar beneficiosa para evitar la pérdida de masa ósea del esqueleto materno. Otros nutrientes como los prebióticos han sido identificados como responsables de un incremento en la absorción de minerales, pudiendo condicionar la mineralización ósea.Objetivo: estudiar el efecto de la suplementación de la dieta materna con el prebiótico inulina enriquecida con oligofructosa, durante la gestación y la lactancia sobre el contenido mineral óseo (CMO) y la DMO al final del periodo de lactancia...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Bill Jenkins
The duck-billed platypus, or Ornithorhynchus, was the subject of an intense debate among natural historians in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Its paradoxical mixture of mammalian, avian and reptilian characteristics made it something of a taxonomic conundrum. In the early 1820s Robert Jameson (1774-1854), the professor of natural history at the University of Edinburgh and the curator of the University's natural history museum, was able to acquire three valuable specimens of this species...
October 2016: Annals of Science
Shannon M Varga, Nancy L Deutsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
Shannon M Varga, Nancy L Deutsch
Mentoring continues to be a popular intervention for promoting positive youth development. However, the underlying mechanisms associated with sustainable and successful relationships remain largely unknown. Our study aimed to expand on previous literature by examining characteristics that have previously been linked to mentoring outcomes (e.g., authenticity, empathy), from a process-focused lens. We utilized post program satisfaction scores and interviews to examine the presence of each characteristic in a large sample of dyads (n = 144) as well as dyads' levels of agreement or disagreement about aspects of the relationships...
October 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
Kais Tahar, Michael Schaaf, Franziska Jahn, Christian Kücherer, Barbara Paech, Heinrich Herre, Alfred Winter
The increasing number of terms used in textbooks for information management (IM) in hospitals makes it difficult for medical informatics students to grasp IM concepts and their interrelations. Formal ontologies which comprehend and represent the essential content of textbooks can facilitate the learning process in IM education. The manual construction of such ontologies is time-consuming and thus very expensive [3]. Moreover, most domain experts lack skills in using a formal language like OWL [2] and usually have no experience with standard editing tools like Protégé <fnr rid="fn001" /><fn id="fn001">http://protege...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Claire L Gordon, Chunhua Weng
This article describes the Bacterial Infectious Diseases Ontology (BCIDO) dataset related to research published in 10.1016/j.jbi.2015.07.014 [1], and contains the Protégé OWL files required to run BCIDO in the Protégé environment. BCIDO contains 1719 classes and 39 object properties.
September 2016: Data in Brief
Cheng Chen, Peng Wen
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of mentoring on protégés' organizational deviance. The sample comprised 202 ongoing formal mentoring dyads in the People's Republic of China (mentor samples: 61.9% male, M age = 36.8 years; protégé samples: 57.4% male, M age = 25.0 years). The regression results showed that mentoring was negatively related to protégés' organizational deviance. Moreover, job embeddedness and organizational identification mediated the association between mentoring and protégés' organizational deviance...
August 2016: Psychological Reports
Christopher Ochs, James Geller, Yehoshua Perl, Mark A Musen
Software tools play a critical role in the development and maintenance of biomedical ontologies. One important task that is difficult without software tools is ontology quality assurance. In previous work, we have introduced different kinds of abstraction networks to provide a theoretical foundation for ontology quality assurance tools. Abstraction networks summarize the structure and content of ontologies. One kind of abstraction network that we have used repeatedly to support ontology quality assurance is the partial-area taxonomy...
August 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Ji-Hyun Lee, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Tae-Min Song
The purpose of this study is to develop a low fertility ontology for collecting and analyzing social data. A low fertility ontology was developed according to Ontology Development 101 and formally represented using Protégé. The content coverage of the ontology was evaluated using 1,387 narratives posted by the public and 63 narratives posted by public servants. Six super-classes of the ontology were developed based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory with an individual in the center and environmental systems impacting their as surroundings...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Landon T Detwiler, Jose L V Mejino, James F Brinkley
OBJECTIVE: The Foundational Model of Anatomy (FMA) [Rosse C, Mejino JLV. A reference ontology for bioinformatics: the Foundational Model of Anatomy. J. Biomed. Inform. 2003;36:478-500] is an ontology that represents canonical anatomy at levels ranging from the entire body to biological macromolecules, and has rapidly become the primary reference ontology for human anatomy, and a template for model organisms. Prior to this work, the FMA was developed in a knowledge modeling language known as Protégé Frames...
May 2016: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
Arun Sen, Atish P Sinha
Patient-centered medical home is defined as an approach for providing comprehensive primary care that facilitates partnerships between individual patients and their personal providers. The current state of the practice transformation process is ad hoc and no methodological basis exists for transforming a practice into a patient-centered medical home. Practices and hospitals somehow accomplish the transformation and send the transformation information to a certification agency, such as the National Committee for Quality Assurance, completely ignoring the development and maintenance of the processes that keep the medical home concept alive...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Omid Kalatpour
OBJECTIVE: Many scattered resources of knowledge are available to use for chemical accident prevention purposes. The common approach to management process safety, including using databases and referring to the available knowledge has some drawbacks. The main goal of this article was to devise a new emerged knowledge base (KB) for the chemical accident prevention domain. DESIGN: The scattered sources of safety knowledge were identified and scanned. Then, the collected knowledge was formalized through a computerized program...
March 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
Gabrielle Carletti, Paolo Giuliodori, Vincenzo Di Pietri, Alessandro Peretti, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: A realistic possibility to obtain medical care for patients located in remote sites such as seagoing vessels, in which health professionals are not available, is to contact a doctor via telecommunication systems. In general, the medical knowledge of who on board ships is in charge of medical care is quite limited and therefore, in a first level telemedical consultation, the flow of information should be correct and its efficiency should be maximised. This paper describes an application conceived to improve requests of medical assistance from sailing ships...
2016: International Maritime Health
Madelene Larsson, Camilla Pettersson, Therése Skoog, Charli Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems among young women aged 16-24 have increased significantly in recent decades, and interventions are called for. Mentoring is a well-established preventative/promotive intervention for developing adolescents, but we have yet to fully understand how the relationship between the mentor and the protégé forms, develops, and closes. In this study, we focused on a female mentoring program implemented by a Swedish non-governmental organization, The Girls Zone...
2016: BMC Public Health
S Yahia, S Benomar, F Dehiba, A Allaoui, M J Rodriguez-Yoldi, J Osada, A Boualga
OBJECTIFS: Le but de ce travail est d'étudier l'effet des protéines de pois chiche hydrolysées (HPC) sur la composition lipidique et la peroxydation lipidique des HDL chez les rats hypercholestérolémiques. MéTHODES: Des rats mâles Wistar (220±10g) consommant un régime à 20 % de caséine avec 1 % de cholestérol et 0,5 % d'acide cholique sont divisés en trois lot de 6 rats reçoivent pendant 30 jours par gavage 1g/kg une solution de HPC préparées à DH = 8 % (HPC8) ou DH = 17 % (HPC17), le troisième reçoit de l'eau et constitue le groupe control (GC)...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
S Benomar, S Yahya, F Dehiba, A Allaoui, M J Rodriguez-Yoldi, J Osada, A Boualga
OBJECTIFS: Il est bien établi que les lipoprotéines jouent un rôle important dans le processus de l'athérosclérose et particulièrement les HDL qui agissent contre cette pathologie vasculaire. Le but de ce travail est d'étudier si les hydrolysats de protéines de sardine (HPS) ou de bogue (HPB) protègent l'aorte en améliorant les propriétés antioxydantes des HDL chez le rat hypercholesterolemique. MéTHODES: 18 rats mâles Wistar (210±10 g), répartis en trois groupes de six rats chacun, consommant durant 28 jours un régime à 20 % de caséine supplémenté avec 1 % de cholestérol alimentaire et 0,5 % d'acide cholique...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Matthias Schäfer, Tanja Pander, Severin Pinilla, Martin R Fischer, Philip von der Borch, Konstantinos Dimitriadis
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous formation of mentoring relationships can be seen as the gold standard in mentoring. Unfortunately, it happens very infrequently. The purpose of structured mentoring programmes is to facilitate the formation of mentoring relationships. This remains a challenging task, especially for large institutions. AIMS: We set out to investigate and compare three methods of matchmaking in the setting of our structured mentoring programme. In a prospective, randomised trial we compared personal matching (PM) by an experienced expert to two different electronic data processing (EDP)-supported matching procedures: "online algorithm" (OA) versus "online search" (OS)...
September 2016: Medical Teacher
Vivian Lewis, Camille A Martina, Michael P McDermott, Paula M Trief, Steven R Goodman, Gene D Morse, Jennifer G LaGuardia, Daryl Sharp, Richard M Ryan
PURPOSE: To conduct a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of different mentoring interventions on the basic psychological need satisfaction of underrepresented minorities and women in academia. METHOD: Participants were 150 mentor/protégé dyads from three academic medical centers and eight other colleges and universities in western and central New York, randomized from 2010 to 2013 into mentor training (using principles of self-determination theory); peer mentoring for protégés; mentor training and peer mentoring for protégés combined; or control/usual practice...
July 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Kirk Barber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
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