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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091969/promoting-professional-identity-motivation-and-persistence-benefits-of-an-informal-mentoring-program-for-female-undergraduate-students
#1
Paul R Hernandez, Brittany Bloodhart, Rebecca T Barnes, Amanda S Adams, Sandra M Clinton, Ilana Pollack, Elaine Godfrey, Melissa Burt, Emily V Fischer
Women are underrepresented in a number of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. Limited diversity in the development of the STEM workforce has negative implications for scientific innovation, creativity, and social relevance. The current study reports the first-year results of the PROmoting Geoscience Research, Education, and SuccesS (PROGRESS) program, a novel theory-driven informal mentoring program aimed at supporting first- and second-year female STEM majors. Using a prospective, longitudinal, multi-site (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978363/taking-newton-on-tour-the-scientific-travels-of-martin-folkes-1733-1735
#2
Anna Marie Roos
Martin Folkes (1690-1754) was Newton's protégé, an English antiquary, mathematician, numismatist and astronomer who would in the latter part of his career become simultaneously president of the Royal Society and of the Society of Antiquaries. Folkes took a Grand Tour from March 1733 to September 1735, recording the Italian leg of his journey from Padua to Rome in his journal. This paper examines Folkes's travel diary to analyse his Freemasonry, his intellectual development as a Newtonian and his scientific peregrination...
October 5, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951386/development-of-an-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-after-venous-sinus-stenting-for-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#3
Thomas J Buell, Daniel M Raper, Dale Ding, Ching-Jen Chen, Kenneth C Liu
We report a case in which an intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) developed after endovascular treatment of a patient with idiopathic intracranial hypertension with venous sinus stenting (VSS). The pathogenesis may involve hemodynamic alterations secondary to increased poststenting venous sinus pressure, which may cause new arterial ingrowth into the fistulous sinus wall without capillary interposition. Despite administration of dual antiplatelet therapy, there may also be subclinical cortical vein thrombosis that contributed to DAVF formation...
September 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929896/une-analyse-%C3%A3-thique-appropri%C3%A3-e-s-impose
#4
Don Flaming
Les leaders en santé gèrent de nombreux types de risques. Le risque éthique associé aux multiples projets et activités, réalisés régulièrement hors du secteur de la recherche, est probablement négligé (p. ex., évaluation de programmes, amélioration de la qualité et innovation en santé). La mise en application de l'éthique clinique, personnelle, professionnelle et organisationnelle peut contribuer à atténuer les risques, mais ensemble ou séparément, ces divers types d'éthique ne suffisent pas...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828570/the-cryptomonad-nucleomorph
#5
Geoffrey I McFadden
The cryptomonad nucleomorph is a vestigial nucleus of a eukaryotic red alga engulfed by a phagotrophic protist and retained as a photosynthetic endosymbiont. This review recounts the initial discovery and subsequent characterisation of the cryptomonad nucleomorph focusing on the key role of Peter Sitte and his protégés in our understanding of secondary endosymbiosis to create complex plastids, one of the major transition events in the evolution of life on Earth.
September 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819351/a-systematic-analysis-of-term-reuse-and-term-overlap-across-biomedical-ontologies
#6
Maulik R Kamdar, Tania Tudorache, Mark A Musen
Reusing ontologies and their terms is a principle and best practice that most ontology development methodologies strongly encourage. Reuse comes with the promise to support the semantic interoperability and to reduce engineering costs. In this paper, we present a descriptive study of the current extent of term reuse and overlap among biomedical ontologies. We use the corpus of biomedical ontologies stored in the BioPortal repository, and analyze different types of reuse and overlap constructs. While we find an approximate term overlap between 25-31%, the term reuse is only <9%, with most ontologies reusing fewer than 5% of their terms from a small set of popular ontologies...
2017: Semantic Web
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776461/women-s-occupational-health-resisting-when-we-can-sant%C3%A3-des-femmes-au-travail-mobiliser-quand-c-est-encore-possible
#7
Jessica Riel, Johanne Saint-Charles, Karen Messing
The continuing worldwide struggle for decent working conditions is under intense economic, social, and political pressures. Women are particularly affected by these pressures because of their still-tenuous position in the service sector, in lowprestige, low-paid occupations. In addition, their occupational health issues are often overlooked or minimized. Nevertheless, women continue to struggle, as individuals and collectively. This issue describes a number of instances where women in the Québec labor movement have attempted to reconcile equality concerns with protecting their own health...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755726/the-underappreciated-doctors-of-the-american-civil-rights-movement-part-i-theodore-roosevelt-mason-howard-md
#8
EDITORIAL
Richard D deShazo, Sara B Parker
During the fight to end segregation in the United States, most of the 25 or so black physicians who had not already left Mississippi took risks to become active in civil rights locally and nationally. One of the first was T.R.M. Howard, MD, whose life story is both an encouragement and warning for today's physicians. Howard, the protégé of a white Adventist physician, became active in civil rights during medical school. While serving as chief surgeon of the all-black hospital in Mississippi, he formed his own civil rights organization in 1951 and worked to solve the shootings of 2 of its members, George Lee and Gus Courts, and the murder of Emmett Till in 1955...
July 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747354/mentoring-interventions-for-underrepresented-scholars-in-biomedical-and-behavioral-sciences-effects-on-quality-of-mentoring-interactions-and-discussions
#9
Vivian Lewis, Camille A Martina, Michael P McDermott, Linda Chaudron, Paula M Trief, Jennifer G LaGuardia, Daryl Sharp, Steven R Goodman, Gene D Morse, Richard M Ryan
Mentors rarely receive education about the unique needs of underrepresented scholars in the biomedical and behavioral sciences. We hypothesized that mentor-training and peer-mentoring interventions for these scholars would enrich the perceived quality and breadth of discussions between mentor-protégé dyads (i.e., mentor-protégé pairs). Our multicenter, randomized study of 150 underrepresented scholar-mentor dyads compared: 1) mentor training, 2) protégé peer mentoring, 3) combined mentor training and peer mentoring, and 4) a control condition (i...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746437/the-art-and-neurology-of-paul-richer
#10
Péricles Maranhão-Filho
In the 1890s, one of Charcot's most important protégés, Dr. Paul Richer (1849-1933), drew and sculpted a series of representations of the main types of nerve pathology. That series included drawings of pleomorphic hysterical crises and sculptures depicting patients suffering from labio-glosso-laryngeal paralysis and myopathy, as well as Parkinson's disease. Richer was a resident at La Salpêtrière and, in 1882, became head of the Charcot museum. Early in his career, despite having no formal artistic training, he could represent masterfully, in drawings and sculptures, people's tragic suffering from neurological diseases...
July 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659063/university-students-relationship-based-mentoring-in-school-settings
#11
Abu K Mboka
How university students perform the tasks of mentoring, and the kinds of activities that are successful and unsuccessful in relationship-based mentoring interactions when mentors are instructed to "first establish relationships and then use the relationship to promote prosocial thinking and behaviors," remains an unfamiliar area of youth mentoring. Thus, the purpose of this study is to develop some understanding of steps criminal justice majors took and the behavioral goals and objectives they pursued during their semester-long mentoring interactions with primary, middle, and high school pupils within a local school district...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612293/nowhere-to-run-rabbit-the-cold-war-calculus-of-disease-ecology
#12
Warwick Anderson
During the cold war, Frank Fenner (protégé of Macfarlane Burnet and René Dubos) and Francis Ratcliffe (associate of A. J. Nicholson and student of Charles Elton) studied mathematically the coevolution of host resistance and parasite virulence when myxomatosis was unleashed on Australia's rabbit population. Later, Robert May called Fenner the "real hero" of disease ecology for his mathematical modeling of the epidemic. While Ratcliffe came from a tradition of animal ecology, Fenner developed an ecological orientation in World War II through his work on malaria control (with Ratcliffe and Ian Mackerras, among others)-that is, through studies of tropical medicine...
June 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594656/mentoring-and-development-resources-available-to-new-doctorally-prepared-faculty-in-nursing
#13
Charlotte A Agger, Mary R Lynn, Marilyn H Oermann
AIM: This study examined faculty mentoring practices and strategies currently in place in nursing programs. BACKGROUND: Mentoring is a critical component of organizations and can be especially important in times of organizational change. Schools of nursing are experiencing rapid organizational shifts with increases in retirement and the proliferation of Doctor of Nursing Practice-prepared faculty. METHOD: Deans and department chairs of baccalaureate and higher degree programs across the United States participated in a web-based survey...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532143/developing-inference-model-to-diagnosis-of-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases-in-prot%C3%A3-g%C3%A3
#14
Fateme Sepehri, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Laleh Sharifi, Gholamreza Azizi, Reza Safdari, Asghar Aghamohammadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421807/the-antioxidants-in-the-process-of-ocular-pathology
#15
Ana Fernández-Araque, Andrea Giaquinta Aranda, Consuelo Laudo Pardo, Abel Rojo Aragüés
Introduction: The influence of antioxidants on ocular processes has taken on a significant importance in recent years for its effects on visual health. Oxidative stress is a factor involved in the development of major pathologies such as cataracts, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Objective: To establish the scientific evidence that exists about the different types of antioxidants and their effects on ocular pathological processes through a systematic review. Methods: Literature search in MEDLINE, Scielo and Cochrane for studies evaluating the use of antioxidants in the prevention and/or treatment of eye diseases...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298509/a-prot%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-s-guide-to-working-with-the-perfect-mentor
#16
Christopher Bullister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183416/a-review-of-mentoring-in-academic-medicine
#17
Stephen A Geraci, S Calvin Thigpen
Many believe that mentoring is essential for new and developing faculty physicians to achieve their professional and personal goals, yet there are both positive and potential negative aspects of mentoring. Research reports on the process have few quantifiable objective outcomes, use mostly single-center study populations, lack controls and use mostly qualitative techniques. Absence of a standardized definition of mentorship has allowed widespread application of the term to other forms of protégé support. Several models have been developed, with other generalized descriptors used to differentiate the important qualities of mentoring relationships...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183413/manuscript-development-and-publishing-a-5-step-approach
#18
Susan M Downey, Stephen A Geraci
Publications in peer-reviewed biomedical journals are essential for sharing knowledge and advancing healthcare. This article will articulate a 5-step approach for developing and publishing a manuscript, and provide academic clinicians with an instructional tool they can provide to their protégés and junior faculty. The authors attempt to distill existing advice for preparing manuscripts, which is found in myriad formats, combine these tutorials with their collective experience and present this approach for developing and publishing successfully a manuscript in a peer-reviewed journal...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111097/an-unusual-protector-prot%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-strategy-for-the-biosynthesis-of-purine-nucleoside-antibiotics
#19
Pan Wu, Dan Wan, Gudan Xu, Gui Wang, Hongmin Ma, Tingting Wang, Yaojie Gao, Jianzhao Qi, Xiaoxia Chen, Jian Zhu, Yong-Quan Li, Zixin Deng, Wenqing Chen
Pentostatin (PTN, deoxycoformycin) and arabinofuranosyladenine (Ara-A, vidarabine) are purine nucleoside antibiotics used clinically to treat hematological cancers and human DNA virus infections, respectively. PTN has a 1,3-diazepine ring, and Ara-A is an adenosine analog with an intriguing epimerization at the C-2' hydroxyl group. However, the logic underlying the biosynthesis of these interesting molecules has long remained elusive. Here, we report that the biosynthesis of PTN and Ara-A employs an unusual protector-protégé strategy...
February 16, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#20
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
August 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
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