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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154800/the-use-of-model-fish-as-tools-for-research-the-biological-mechanisms-of-cooperative-behaviour-a-future-for-translational-research-concerning-social-anxiety-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Marta C Soares, Sónia C Cardoso, Tamires Dos Santos Carvalho, Caio Maximino
Human societies demand of its composing members the development of a wide array of social tools and strategies. A notable example is human outstanding ability to cooperate with others, in all its complex forms, depicting the reality of a highly demanding social framework in which humans need to be integrated as to attain physical and mental benefits. Considering the importance of social engagement, it's not entirely unexpected that most psychiatric disorders involve some disruption of normal social behaviour, ranging from an abnormal absence to a significant increase of social functioning...
November 14, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154156/delta-beta-correlation-as-a-candidate-endophenotype-of-social-anxiety-a-two-generation-family-study
#2
Anita Harrewijn, Melle J W van der Molen, Irene M van Vliet, Jeanine J Houwing-Duistermaat, P Michiel Westenberg
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by an extreme and intense fear and avoidance of social situations. In this two-generation family study we examined delta-beta correlation during a social performance task as candidate endophenotype of SAD. METHODS: Nine families with a target participant (diagnosed with SAD), their spouse and children, as well as target's siblings with spouse and children performed a social performance task in which they gave a speech in front of a camera...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154151/social-discomfort-moderates-the-relationship-between-drinking-in-response-to-negative-affect-and-solitary-drinking-in-underage-drinkers
#3
Carillon Skrzynski, Kasey G Creswell, Rachel L Bachrach, Tammy Chung
OBJECTIVE: Research shows that solitary drinking is associated with negative reinforcement motives (i.e., relieving negative affect). An untested hypothesis proposes that this association may be especially strong for individuals who experience social discomfort. This study aimed to 1) replicate findings linking solitary drinking to social discomfort (i.e., loneliness, social anxiety, and lack of perceived social support), alcohol problems, and drinking in response to negative affect (i...
November 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152669/brief-report-bullying-and-anxiety-in-high-functioning-adolescents-with-asd
#4
Gerrit van Schalkwyk, Isaac C Smith, Wendy K Silverman, Fred R Volkmar
Youth with ASD are more likely to experience bullying than their typically developing peers. This risk has not been studied in youth with ASD transitioning to college. We examined the occurrence of bullying in 35 high functioning youth with ASD who were preparing to attend college. We also examined youth anxiety and ASD symptoms. Fifty-one percent of the sample reported being recent victims of bullying; 31% of parents reported their child was a victim of bullying. Parent report of bullying correlated significantly with ratings of youth social anxiety symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151723/home-environmental-and-behavioral-risk-indices-for-reading-achievement
#5
Jeanette Taylor, Chelsea R Ennis, Sara A Hart, Amy J Mikolajewski, Christopher Schatschneider
The goal of this study was to identify home environmental and temperament/behavior variables that best predict standardized reading comprehension scores among school-aged children. Data from 269 children aged 9-16 (M = 12.08; SD = 1.62) were used in discriminant function analyses to create the Home and Behavior indices. Family income was controlled in each index. The final Home and Behavior models each classified around 75% of cases correctly (reading comprehension at grade level vs. not). Each index was then used to predict other outcomes related to reading...
July 2017: Learning and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148601/convergent-incremental-and-criterion-related-validity-of-multi-informant-assessments-of-adolescents-fears-of-negative-and-positive-evaluation
#6
Jeremy N Karp, Bridget A Makol, Lauren M Keeley, Noor Qasmieh, Danielle E Deros, Justin W Weeks, Sarah J Racz, Melanie F Lipton, Tara M Augenstein, Andres De Los Reyes
Adolescents who experience social anxiety tend to hold fears about negative evaluations (e.g., taunting) and may also hold fears about positive evaluations (e.g., praise from a teacher). The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation (BFNE) scale and Fear of Positive Evaluation Scale (FPES) are 2 widely used measures of adults' evaluative concerns. Yet we know little about their psychometric properties when assessing adolescents. In a mixed clinical/community sample of 96 adolescents (66.7% female; M = 14.50 years, SD = 0...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145793/portrayal-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-youtube%C3%A2-videos
#7
Sarah A MacLean, Corey H Basch, Rachel Reeves, Charles E Basch
BACKGROUND: Individuals often search the Internet for information about their medical conditions, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a common mental health disorder. AIMS: To describe the content of the most popular videos on YouTube™ related to GAD. METHODS: Videos with at least 50,000 views in October 2016 were coded for information regarding symptoms, treatments and causes for GAD. Associations of content with factors such as popularity and focus on a personal experience were examined...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138093/electrophysiological-correlates-of-performance-monitoring-under-social-observation-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#8
Rolf Voegler, Jutta Peterburs, Hannah Lemke, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Roman Liepelt, Thomas Straube
Previous research suggests that electrophysiological correlates of performance monitoring, in particular the error-related negativity (ERN), vary according to psychopathology and context factors. The present study examined the effect of social context on behavioral and electrophysiological correlates of performance monitoring in healthy adult subjects and in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). Participants performed two runs of a Go/NoGo flanker task in different social conditions: in the observation condition, they were observed by a confederate while performing the task, whereas there was no observation in the control condition...
November 11, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136515/associations-between-feelings-of-social-anxiety-and-emotion-perception
#9
Spencer K Lynn, Eric Bui, Susanne S Hoeppner, Emily B O'Day, Sophie A Palitz, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Naomi M Simon
BACKGROUND: Abnormally biased perceptual judgment is a feature of many psychiatric disorders. Thus, individuals with social anxiety disorder are biased to recall or interpret social events negatively. Cognitive behavioral therapy addresses such bias by teaching patients, via verbal instruction, to become aware of and change pathological misjudgment. The present study examined whether targeting verbal instruction to specific decision parameters that influence perceptual judgment may affect changes in anger perception...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132045/bullying-and-social-anxiety-in-chinese-children-moderating-roles-of-trait-resilience-and-psychological-suzhi
#10
Lili Wu, Dajun Zhang, Gang Cheng, Tianqiang Hu
Research examining the relationship between bullying victimization and social anxiety has mainly been conducted in Western countries, and little is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. This study explores the correlation between bullying victimization and social anxiety in a Chinese context and determines the moderating roles of psychological suzhi (a mental quality characterized by being steady, essential and implicit that affects adaptive, developmental, and creative behavior) and trait resilience among victims of bullying...
November 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127945/attention-and-interpretation-bias-modification-treatment-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-efficacy-and-synergy
#11
Reut Naim, Yogev Kivity, Yair Bar-Haim, Jonathan D Huppert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Attention bias modification treatment (ABMT) and cognitive bias modification of interpretation (CBM-I) both have demonstrated efficacy in alleviating social anxiety, but how they compare with each other, their combination, and with a combined control condition has not been studied. We examined their relative and combined efficacy compared to control conditions in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: Ninety-five adults diagnosed with social anxiety disorder (SAD), were randomly allocated to 4 groups: ABMT + CBM-I control (hereafter ABMT; n = 23), CBM-I + ABMT control (hereafter CBM-I; n = 24), combined ABMT + CBM-I (n = 23), and combined control (n = 25)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125781/shyness-and-social-anxiety-assessed-through-self-report-what-are-we-measuring
#12
Christina A Brook, Teena Willoughby
The distinction between shyness and social anxiety remains unclear in the literature. In an attempt to shed further light on this issue, our research evaluated whether shyness and social anxiety were the same construct underlying various measurement scales. Participants (N = 801, Mage = 36.21, range = 18-74, female = 53.10%) responded to 10 questionnaires assessing either shyness or social anxiety. Evidence indicated that the scales were highly correlated and loaded onto 1 factor. Confirmatory factor analysis corroborated this finding...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125397/oxytocin-receptor-genotype-and-low-economic-privilege-reverses-ventral-striatum-social-anxiety-association
#13
Marlen Z Gonzalez, Meghan H Puglia, James P Morris, Jessica J Connelly
Oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphisms, lower ventral striatum (VS) response to social stimuli, and lower economic privilege have been independently associated with depression and anxiety. However, the interactions between these risk factors are unknown. One hundred and fifty-seven healthy adult participants genotyped for OXTR rs237915 completed a common emotion-matching task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Past economic privilege and depression and anxiety symptoms were concurrently assessed through validated self-report measures...
November 10, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121505/reduced-reciprocal-giving-in-social-anxiety-evidence-from-the-trust-game
#14
Christine Anderl, Regina Steil, Tim Hahn, Patricia Hitzeroth, Andreas Reif, Sabine Windmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety is known to impair interpersonal relationships. These impairments are thought to partly arise from difficulties to engage in affiliative interactions with others, such as sharing favors or reciprocating prosocial acts. Here, we examined whether individuals high compared to low in social anxiety differ in giving towards strangers in an economic game paradigm. METHODS: One hundred and twenty seven non-clinical participants who had been pre-screened to be either particularly high or low in social anxiety played an incentivized Trust Game to assess trustful and reciprocal giving towards strangers in addition to providing information on real life interpersonal functioning (perceived social support and attachment style)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120199/are-we-in-crisis-national-mental-health-and-treatment-trends-in-college-counseling-centers
#15
Henry Xiao, Dever M Carney, Soo Jeong Youn, Rebecca A Janis, Louis G Castonguay, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke
The current state of college student mental health is frequently labeled a "crisis," as the demand for services and severity of symptomatology have appeared to increase in recent decades. Nationally representative findings are presented from the Center for Collegiate Mental Health, a practice research network based in the United States, composed of more than 340 university and college counseling centers, in an effort to illuminate trends in symptom severity and patterns in treatment utilization for the campus treatment seeking population...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118280/association-between-social-anxiety-with-oral-hygiene-status-and-tongue-coating-among-patients-with-subjective-halitosis
#16
Jenisha Patel, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, Padma Reddy, Srikanth Reddy, Adepu Srilatha
Purpose: Halitosis is a universal affliction suffered by many individuals irrespective of age, sex and social status. Concern about oral malodor can significantly impede an individual's personal, professional and public life which can lead to the development of social anxiety. The present study was undertaken to assess the association between social anxiety with oral hygiene status and tongue coating among patients with subjective halitosis.Methods: A total of 321(n=321) subjects were self-recruited to participate in this IRB approved study...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112884/appearance-based-rejection-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-symptoms-of-social-anxiety-and-disordered-eating-cognitions-and-behaviors
#17
Jake Linardon, Rachel Braithwaite, Rachel Cousins, Leah Brennan
Previous research has established a robust relationship between symptoms of social anxiety and disordered eating. However, the mechanisms that may underpin this relationship are unclear. Appearance-based rejection sensitivity (ABRS)-the tendency to anxiously expect and overreact to signs of appearance-based rejection-may be a crucial explanatory mechanism, as ABRS has been shown to maintain social anxiety symptoms and predict disordered eating. We therefore tested whether ABRS mediated the relationship between social anxiety symptoms and various indices of disordered eating (over-evaluation of weight/shape, restraint, binge eating, compulsive exercise, and vomiting)...
October 31, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110139/the-place-of-antipsychotics-in-the-therapy-of-anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Baptiste Pignon, Chloé Tezenas du Montcel, Louise Carton, Antoine Pelissolo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to assess and present the findings up to this date on the efficacy of antipsychotics in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorders (GAD), social anxiety disorders (SAD), panic disorders (PD), and obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD), mostly based on published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or on open-label studies when RCT were lacking. RECENT FINDINGS: Quetiapine could be recommended in patients with GAD...
November 7, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110074/what-are-the-odds-of-anxiety-disorders-running-in-families-a-family-study-of-anxiety-disorders-in-mothers-fathers-and-siblings-of-children-with-anxiety-disorders
#19
Liesbeth G E Telman, Francisca J A van Steensel, Marija Maric, Susan M Bögels
This family study investigated (1) the prevalence of anxiety disorders (ADs) in parents and siblings of children (n = 144) aged 8-18 years with ADs compared to control children (n = 49), and (2) the specificity of relationships between child-mother, child-father, and child-sibling ADs. Clinical interviews were used to assess current DSM-IV-TR ADs in children and siblings, and lifetime and current ADs in parents. Results showed that children with ADs were two to three times more likely to have at least one parent with current and lifetime ADs than the control children (odds ratio (OR) = 2...
November 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105895/a-dimensional-approach-to-determine-common-and-specific-neurofunctional-markers-for-depression-and-social-anxiety-during-emotional-face-processing
#20
Lizhu Luo, Benjamin Becker, Xiaoxiao Zheng, Zhiying Zhao, Xiaolei Xu, Feng Zhou, Jiaojian Wang, Juan Kou, Jing Dai, Keith M Kendrick
Major depression disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorder are both prevalent and debilitating. High rates of comorbidity between MDD and social anxiety disorder (SAD) suggest common pathological pathways, including aberrant neural processing of interpersonal signals. In patient populations, the determination of common and distinct neurofunctional markers of MDD and SAD is often hampered by confounding factors, such as generally elevated anxiety levels and disorder-specific brain structural alterations. This study employed a dimensional disorder approach to map neurofunctional markers associated with levels of depression and social anxiety symptoms in a cohort of 91 healthy subjects using an emotional face processing paradigm...
November 6, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
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