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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335879/are-social-and-communication-difficulties-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-social-anxiety
#1
Hannah Pickard, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Francesca Happé, William Mandy
OBJECTIVE: Social anxiety (SA) is a common condition associated with social and communication (SC) difficulties in typically developing young people, as well as those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Whether SC difficulties place children at risk for developing SA is unclear. Using a longitudinal design, the present study aimed to disentangle the relationship between SA symptoms and SC difficulties using a population-based sample of 9,491 children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334398/maintenance-of-social-anxiety-in-stuttering-a-cognitive-behavioral-model
#2
Lisa Iverach, Ronald M Rapee, Quincy J J Wong, Robyn Lowe
Purpose: Stuttering is a speech disorder frequently accompanied by anxiety in social-evaluative situations. A growing body of research has confirmed a significant rate of social anxiety disorder among adults who stutter. Social anxiety disorder is a chronic and disabling anxiety disorder associated with substantial life impairment. Several influential models have described cognitive-behavioral factors that contribute to the maintenance of social anxiety in nonstuttering populations. The purpose of the present article is to apply these leading models to the experience of social anxiety for people who stutter...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330396/psychosocial-issues-related-to-thyroid-examination-after-a-radiation-disaster
#3
Sanae Midorikawa, Koichi Tanigawa, Satoru Suzuki, Akira Ohtsuru
A thyroid ultrasound examination program has been conducted in the aftermath of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident to address concerns about the increased risk of thyroid cancer similar to those experienced by local residents after the 1986 Chernobyl accident. This is the second-largest thyroid cancer screening in younger age ever, following only that conducted after Chernobyl. As the natural history of thyroid cancer in younger populations is not well characterized, large-scale screening using thyroid ultrasound could result in overdiagnosis, even with careful planning, as has been experienced in South Korea...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326533/dysregulated-fear-social-inhibition-and-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-a%C3%A2-replication-and-extension
#4
Kristin A Buss, Elizabeth L Davis, Nilam Ram, Michael Coccia
Behavioral inhibition indicates increased risk for development of social anxiety. Recent work has identified a pattern of dysregulated fear (DF), characterized by high fear in low-threat situations, that provides a more precise marker of developmental risk through early childhood. This study tested a new longitudinal sample of children (n = 124) from ages 24 to 48 months. Replicating prior findings, at 24 months, we identified a pattern of fearful behavior across contexts marked by higher fear to putatively low-threat situations...
March 21, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325901/correlates-of-social-exclusion-in-social-anxiety-disorder-an-fmri-study
#5
Alexandre Heeren, Laurence Dricot, Joël Billieux, Pierre Philippot, Delphine Grynberg, Philippe de Timary, Pierre Maurage
Cognitive models posit that social anxiety disorder (SAD) is maintained by biased information-processing vis-à-vis threat of social exclusion. However, uncertainty still abounds regarding the very nature of this sensitivity to social exclusion in SAD. Especially, brain alterations related to social exclusion have not been explored in SAD. Our primary purpose was thus to determine both the self-report and neural correlates of social exclusion in this population. 23 patients with SAD and 23 matched nonanxious controls played a virtual game ("Cyberball") during fMRI recording...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324915/alcohol-related-blackouts-negative-alcohol-related-consequences-and-motivations-for-drinking-reported-by-newly-matriculating-transgender-college-students
#6
Larry A Tupler, Daniel Zapp, William DeJong, Maryam Ali, Sarah O'Rourke, John Looney, H Scott Swartzwelder
BACKGROUND: Many transgender college students struggle with identity formation and other emotional, social, and developmental challenges associated with emerging adulthood. A potential maladaptive coping strategy employed by such students is heavy drinking. Prior literature has suggested greater consumption and negative alcohol-related consequences (ARCs) in transgender students compared with their cisgender peers, but little is known about their differing experiences with alcohol-related blackouts (ARBs)...
March 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299314/high-magnitude-of-social-anxiety-disorder-in-school-adolescents
#7
Kindie Mekuria, Haregwoin Mulat, Habtamu Derajew, Tesfa Mekonen, Wubalem Fekadu, Amsalu Belete, Solomon Yimer, Getasew Legas, Melak Menberu, Asmamaw Getnet, Simegnew Kibret
Introduction. Social phobia is the most prevalent and chronic type of anxiety disorder worldwide and it affects occupational, educational, and social affairs of the individual. Social phobia is also known for its association with depression and substance use disorder. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of social phobia among high school students in Ethiopia. Methods. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 386 randomly selected students. Data were collected using pretested and self-administered questionnaire...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295802/cognitive-and-metacognitive-predictors-of-symptom-improvement-following-treatment-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Henrik Nordahl, Hans M Nordahl, Odin Hjemdal, Adrian Wells
Cognitive therapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD) based on the Clark and Wells model emphasizes negative beliefs about the social self and self-consciousness as central causal factors. However, Wells' metacognitive model proposes that metacognitive beliefs are central to pathology universally. The relative importance of cognitive and metacognitive beliefs in the treatment of SAD is therefore an important research question. This study examined change in negative cognitive and negative metacognitive beliefs as independent correlates of symptom improvement in 46 SAD patients undergoing evidence-based treatments...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292323/relationships-between-pathologic-subjective-halitosis-olfactory-reference-syndrome-and-social-anxiety-in-young-japanese-women
#9
Miho Tsuruta, Toru Takahashi, Miki Tokunaga, Masanori Iwasaki, Shota Kataoka, Satoko Kakuta, Inho Soh, Shuji Awano, Hiromi Hirata, Masaharu Kagawa, Toshihiro Ansai
BACKGROUND: Pathologic subjective halitosis is known as a halitosis complaint without objective confirmation of halitosis by others or by halitometer measurements; it has been reported to be associated with social anxiety disorder. Olfactory reference syndrome is a preoccupation with the false belief that one emits a foul and offensive body odor. Generally, patients with olfactory reference syndrome are concerned with multiple body parts. However, the mouth is known to be the most common source of body odor for those with olfactory reference syndrome, which could imply that the two conditions share similar features...
March 14, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292217/influence-of-social-anxiety-on-recognition-memory-for-happy-and-angry-faces-comparison-between-own-and-other-race-faces
#10
Mariko Kikutani
The reported experiment investigated memory of unfamiliar faces and how it is influenced by race, facial expression, direction of gaze, and observers' level of social anxiety. Eighty- seven Japanese participants initially memorized images of Oriental and Caucasian faces displaying either happy or angry expressions with direct or averted gaze. They then saw the previously seen faces and additional distractor faces displaying neutral expressions, and judged if they had seen them before. Their level of social anxiety was measured with a questionnaire...
March 15, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290265/reduced-optimism-and-a-heightened-neural-response-to-everyday-worries-are-specific-to-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-not-seen-in-social-anxiety
#11
K S Blair, M Otero, C Teng, M Geraci, M Ernst, R J R Blair, D S Pine, C Grillon
BACKGROUND: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) are co-morbid and associated with similar neural disruptions during emotion regulation. In contrast, the lack of optimism examined here may be specific to GAD and could prove an important biomarker for that disorder. METHOD: Unmedicated individuals with GAD (n = 18) and age-, intelligence quotient- and gender-matched SAD (n = 18) and healthy (n = 18) comparison individuals were scanned while contemplating likelihoods of high- and low-impact negative (e...
March 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288592/transfer-of-manualized-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-stpp-for-social-anxiety-disorder-into-clinical-practice-results-from-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Jörg Wiltink, Christian Ruckes, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring, Peter Joraschky, Frank Leweke, Karin Pöhlmann, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for manualized psychodynamic treatments, there is a lack of studies on their transfer to routine practice. This is the first study to examine the effects of an additional training in manualized Short Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (STPP) on the outcome in routine psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD). The study is an extension to a large RCT comparing STPP to Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy of SAD. METHODS: The manualized treatment was designed for a time limited approach with 25 individual sessions of STPP over 6 months...
March 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284146/how-do-i-look-self-focused-attention-during-a-video-chat-of-women-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#13
Noortje Vriends, Yasemin Meral, Javier A Bargas-Avila, Christina Stadler, Susan M Bögels
We investigated the role of self-focused attention (SFA) in social anxiety (disorder) in an ecologically valid way. In Experiment 1 high (n = 26) versus low (n = 25) socially anxious single women between 18 and 30 years had a video ("Skype") conversation with an attractive male confederate, while seeing themselves and the confederate on-screen. The conversation was divided in four phases: (I) warm-up, (II) positive (confederate was friendly to the participant), (III) critical (confederate was critical to the participant), and (IV) active (participant was instructed to ask questions to the confederate)...
March 3, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278732/longitudinal-evaluation-of-anhedonia-as-a-mediator-of-fear-of-positive-evaluation-and-other-depressive-symptoms
#14
D Gage Jordan, E Samuel Winer, Taban Salem, Jenna Kilgore
Fear of positive evaluation (FPE) is experiencing dread during real or potential praise. FPE is associated with social anxiety, but its relation to depressive symptoms is unclear. Anhedonia is a core symptom of depression related to symptoms of anxiety in cross-sectional research. The current study investigated the indirect effect of FPE on depressive symptoms via anhedonia over time. One-hundred ninety-six participants completed three waves of questionnaires over a total timespan of approximately four months via Amazon's Mechanical Turk, including measures of FPE, depressive symptoms, and anticipatory and consummatory anhedonia...
March 6, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277687/subjective-social-status-and-rumination-in-relation-to-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-psychopathology-among-economically-disadvantaged-latinos-in-primary-care
#15
David C Talavera, Daniel J Paulus, Monica Garza, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Jeanette Valdivieso, Daniel Bogiaizian, Zuzuky Robles, Jafar Bakhshaie, Kara Manning, Rheeda Walker, Michael Businelle, Michael J Zvolensky
The present investigation examined the interactive effects of subjective social status and rumination in relation to anxiety/depressive symptoms and psychopathology among 276 Latinos (82% female; Mage = 39.2, SD = 11.1; 97.0% reported Spanish as first language) who attended a community-based primary health care clinic. Results indicated that the interaction between rumination and subjective social status was significantly associated with depression (B = -.04, t = -3.52, p < .001, 95% CI [-.06, -.02]), social anxiety (B = -...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276510/processing-of-fair-and-unfair-offers-in-the-ultimatum-game-under-social-observation
#16
Jutta Peterburs, Rolf Voegler, Roman Liepelt, Anna Schulze, Saskia Wilhelm, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Thomas Straube
Social context influences social decisions and outcome processing, partially depending on inter-individual differences. The present study investigated social context-dependent modulation of behavior and feedback processing in the ultimatum game (UG) in relation to inter-individual differences in social anxiety. Thirty-two healthy adults completed the UG both under social observation and without observation. Offers were allegedly either randomly generated by the computer or drawn from a pool of offers from previous human players...
March 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276275/facial-affect-processing-in-social-anxiety-disorder-with-early-onset-evidence-of-an-intensity-amplification-bias
#17
Daniela Schwab, Anne Schienle
The present event-related potential (ERP) study investigated for the first time whether children with early-onset social anxiety disorder (SAD) process affective facial expressions of varying intensities differently than non-anxious controls. Participants were 15 SAD patients and 15 non-anxious controls (mean age of 9 years). They were presented with schematic faces displaying anger and happiness at four intensity levels (25%, 50%, 75%, 100%), as well as with neutral faces. ERPs in early and later time windows (P100, N170, late positivity), as well as affective ratings (valence and arousal) for the faces, were recorded...
March 9, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275927/measuring-theory-of-mind-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Neil Brewer, Robyn L Young, Emily Barnett
Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM)-the ability to interpret others' beliefs, intentions and emotions-undermine the ability of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to interact in socially normative ways. This study provides psychometric data for the Adult-Theory of Mind (A-ToM) measure using video-scenarios based in part on Happé's (Instructions for theory of mind story task, 1999) Strange Stories test. The final items discriminated IQ-matched adults with ASD from controls on the social but not the physical items...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274660/the-role-of-stress-reactivity-in-the-long-term-persistence-of-adolescent-social-anxiety-symptoms
#19
S A Nelemans, W W Hale Iii, S J T Branje, P A C van Lier, H M Koot, W H J Meeus
Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) symptoms demonstrate a marked persistence over time, but little is known empirically about short-term processes that may account for this long-term persistence. In this study, we examined how self-reported and physiological stress reactivity were associated with persistence of SAD symptoms from early to late adolescence. A community sample of 327 adolescents (56% boys, Mage=13.01 at T1) reported their SAD symptoms for 6 successive years and participated in a public speaking task, during which self-reported (i...
March 6, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272115/further-evidence-for-genetic-variation-at-the-serotonin-transporter-gene-slc6a4-contributing-toward-anxiety
#20
Andreas J Forstner, Stefanie Rambau, Nina Friedrich, Kerstin U Ludwig, Anne C Böhmer, Elisabeth Mangold, Anna Maaser, Timo Hess, Alexandra Kleiman, Antje Bittner, Markus M Nöthen, Jessica Becker, Franziska Geiser, Johannes Schumacher, Rupert Conrad
OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common and heritable psychiatric disorder. However, genetic studies in SAD are rare and only a few candidate genes have been implicated so far. In the present study, we investigated whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with other psychiatric disorders also contribute toward the development of SAD and followed up variants associated with SAD on the phenotypic level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We genotyped a total of 24 SNPs in a German sample of 321 SAD patients and 804 controls...
March 7, 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
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