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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434091/continued-bullying-victimization-in-adolescents-maladaptive-schemas-as-a-mediational-mechanism
#1
Esther Calvete, Liria Fernández-González, Joaquín M González-Cabrera, Manuel Gámez-Guadix
Bullying victimization in adolescence is a significant social problem that can become persistent over time for some victims. However, there is an overall paucity of research examining the factors that contribute to continued bullying victimization. Schema therapy proposes a model that can help us understand why bullying victimization can be persistent for some victims. This study examines the role of maladaptive schemas, the key concept in schema therapy, as a mechanism of continued bullying victimization. The hypothesis was that maladaptive schemas of rejection mediate the predictive association between victimization in both the family and at school and future bullying victimization...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432894/the-structure-correlates-and-treatment-related-changes-of-mindfulness-facets-across-the-anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#2
Lance L Hawley, Jenny Rogojanski, Valerie Vorstenbosch, Lena C Quilty, Judith M Laposa, Neil A Rector
Research with non-clinical and clinical samples has examined how mindfulness concepts relate to psychological symptom presentations. However, there is less clarity when examining treatment-seeking patients who experience DSM-diagnosed anxiety and obsessional disorders - both cross-sectionally, and following empirically-supported treatments. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006) conceptualizes mindfulness as consisting of five facets: Observing, Describing, Acting with Awareness, Nonreactivity, and Nonjudging...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432534/individual-differences-in-adolescents-emotional-reactivity-across-relationship-contexts
#3
Emily C Cook, Bethany L Blair, Cheryl Buehler
Understanding individual differences in adolescents' ability to regulate emotions within interpersonal relationships is paramount for healthy development. Thus, the effect of individual vulnerabilities (depressive affect, social anxiety, self-blame, and coping efficacy problems) on the transmission of emotional reactivity in response to conflict from family to peers (friends and romantic partners) was prospectively examined across six waves of data in a community-based sample of 416 adolescents (Mage Wave 1 = 11...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424317/the-williams-syndrome-prosociality-gene-gtf2i-mediates-oxytocin-reactivity-and-social-anxiety-in-a-healthy-population
#4
Tanya L Procyshyn, Jason Spence, Silven Read, Neil V Watson, Bernard J Crespi
The neurohormone oxytocin plays a central role in human social behaviour and cognition, and oxytocin dysregulation may contribute to psychiatric disorders. However, genetic factors influencing individual variation in the oxytocinergic system remain poorly understood. We genotyped 169 healthy adults for a functional polymorphism in GTF2I (general transcription factor II-I), a gene associated with high prosociality and reduced social anxiety in Williams syndrome, a condition reported to involve high oxytocin levels and reactivity...
April 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419607/subjective-and-objective-sleep-quality-modulate-emotion-regulatory-brain-function-in-anxiety-and-depression
#5
Heide Klumpp, Julia Roberts, Mary C Kapella, Amy E Kennedy, Anand Kumar, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Disturbances in emotion regulation and sleep are shared across anxiety and mood disorders. Poor sleep has been shown to impair cognitive processes which may undermine cognitive regulatory function. However, it remains unknown if sleep quality impacts regulatory mechanisms in clinical anxiety and depression. METHODS: During fMRI, 78 patients with social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and/or major depressive disorder completed a validated emotion regulation task, which involved reappraisal (i...
April 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419474/using-advances-from-cognitive-behavioral-models-of-anxiety-to-guide-treatment-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#6
Rachel K Narr, Bethany A Teachman
This case features an adult male with moderate social anxiety disorder and mild depressive symptoms who showed an initial positive response to an earlier experience of cognitive behavior therapy, but then relapsed when he started avoiding social situations again because of continuing beliefs that experiencing anxiety was unacceptable. His treatment at our clinic focused on shifting unhelpful thinking about the likelihood and consequences of becoming anxious and reengaging in avoided social situations so he could learn to tolerate negative affect and uncertainty...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418399/restoring-effects-of-oxytocin-on-the-attentional-preference-for-faces-in-autism
#7
M Kanat, I Spenthof, A Riedel, L T van Elst, M Heinrichs, G Domes
Reduced attentional preference for faces and symptoms of social anxiety are common in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The neuropeptide oxytocin triggers anxiolytic functions and enhances eye gaze, facial emotion recognition and neural correlates of face processing in ASD. Here we investigated whether a single dose of oxytocin increases attention to faces in ASD. As a secondary question, we explored the influence of social anxiety on these effects. We tested for oxytocin's effects on attention to neutral faces as compared to houses in a sample of 29 autistic individuals and 30 control participants using a dot-probe paradigm with two different presentation times (100 or 500 ms)...
April 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417269/anxiety-disorders-and-temperament-an-update-review
#8
REVIEW
Olli Kampman, Merja Viikki, Esa Leinonen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review focused on associations between temperament dimensions and clinical features in different anxiety disorders, likewise in obsessive-compulsive disorder in clinical samples of adults. A literature search was conducted in the Medline and PsycINFO databases covering the years 2010-2016. A systematic review and grading of the level of evidence for an association between temperament dimension scores and clinical features in each disorder were performed. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty papers reporting 18 different studies were included...
May 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416273/attention-allocation-and-social-worries-predict-interpretations-of-peer-related-social-cues-in-adolescents
#9
Simone P W Haller, Brianna R Doherty, Mihaela Duta, Kathrin Cohen Kadosh, Jennifer Y F Lau, Gaia Scerif
Adolescence is a sensitive period for increases in normative but also debilitating social fears and worries. As the interpretation of interpersonal cues is pertinent to social anxiety, investigating mechanisms that may underlie biases in social cue appraisal is important. Fifty-one adolescents from the community aged 14-19 were presented with self- and other-relevant naturalistic social scenes for 5s and then required to rate either a negative or a positive interpretation of the scene. Eye-tracking data were collected during the free viewing period to index attentional deployment...
March 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408785/all-anxiety-is-not-created-equal-correlates-of-parent-youth-agreement-vary-across-subtypes-of-anxiety
#10
Emily M Becker, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Philip C Kendall, Boris Birmaher, Golda S Ginsburg
Research has examined patterns and correlates of parent/youth informant discrepancies in the reporting of youth anxiety. However, little work has examined whether it is better to conceptualize patterns and correlates of informant disagreement across anxiety broadly, or more useful to consider disagreement on specific symptom clusters. Using data from the Child Adolescent/Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS; N = 488; Walkup et al., 2008), the current study applied the most recent recommended analytic strategies to study informant discrepancies and examined differences in the magnitude and patterns of disagreement for: (a) broadband anxiety symptoms, versus (b) symptoms of specific anxiety diagnoses (or anxiety subtypes; e...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403387/skin-conductance-responses-and-neural-activations-during-fear-conditioning-and-extinction-recall-across-anxiety-disorders
#11
Marie-France Marin, Rachel G Zsido, Huijin Song, Natasha B Lasko, William D S Killgore, Scott L Rauch, Naomi M Simon, Mohammed R Milad
Importance: The fear conditioning and extinction neurocircuitry has been extensively studied in healthy and clinical populations, with a particular focus on posttraumatic stress disorder. Despite significant overlap of symptoms between posttraumatic stress disorder and anxiety disorders, the latter has received less attention. Given that dysregulated fear levels characterize anxiety disorders, examining the neural correlates of fear and extinction learning may shed light on the pathogenesis of underlying anxiety disorders...
April 12, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400832/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-interpersonal-sensitivity-measure
#12
Youkhabeh Mohammadian, Behzad Mahaki, Fahimeh Fathali Lavasani, Mahmoud Dehghani, Mohammadkazem Atef Vahid
BACKGROUND: Investigating the psychometric properties of existing psychometric scales in societies with differing dynamics can help with their external validity. This research specifically aimed at standardization and validation of Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM) scale in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Persian version of the IPSM was produced through forward translation, reconciliation, and back translation. A total of 357, nonclinical students were selected through multistage sampling method and completed a set of questionnaires including IPSM...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399956/examining-heterotypic-continuity-of-psychopathology-a-prospective-national-study
#13
C Blanco, M M Wall, S Wang, M Olfson
BACKGROUND: Individuals with one psychiatric disorder are at increased risk for incidence and recurrence of other disorders. We characterize whether the magnitude of such heterotypic continuity varies based on whether the first disorder remits or persists over time. METHOD: Cohorts were selected from participants in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions wave 1 (2001-2002) and wave 2 (2004-2005) surveys with ⩾1 mood, anxiety, or substance use disorder at wave 1...
April 12, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398578/social-anxiety-disorder-exhibit-impaired-networks-involved-in-self-and-theory-of-mind-processing
#14
Qian Cui, Eric J Vanman, Zhiliang Long, Yajing Pang, Yuyan Chen, Yifeng Wang, Qiyong Gong, Wei Zhang, Heng Chen, Xujun Duan, Huafu Chen
Most previous studies regarding social anxiety disorder (SAD) have focused on the role of emotional dysfunction, while impairments in self- and theory of mind (ToM)-processing have been relatively neglected. The present study utilised functional connectivity density (FCD), resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC), and discriminant analyses to investigate impairments in self- and ToM-related networks in patients with SAD. Patients with SAD exhibited decreased long-range FCD in the right rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) and decreased short-range FCD in the right superior temporal gyrus (STG)-key nodes involved in self- and ToM-processing, respectively...
April 7, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397544/emotion-regulation-and-biological-stress-responding-associations-with-worry-rumination-and-reappraisal
#15
Elizabeth J Lewis, K Lira Yoon, Jutta Joormann
Individual differences in the habitual use of emotion regulation strategies may play a critical role in understanding psychological and biological stress reactivity and recovery in depression and anxiety. This study investigated the relation between the habitual use of different emotion regulation strategies and cortisol reactivity and recovery in healthy control individuals (CTL; n = 33) and in individuals diagnosed with social anxiety disorder (SAD; n = 41). The tendency to worry was associated with increased cortisol reactivity to a stressor across the full sample...
April 11, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394207/the-effects-of-social-anxiety-and-online-privacy-concern-on-individual-differences-in-internet-based-interaction-anxiety-and-communication-preferences
#16
Krystelle Shaughnessy, Jessica N Rocheleau, Somayyeh Kamalou, David A Moscovitch
Social anxiety (SA) and online privacy concerns (OPCs) are conceptually distinct fears, but both may be activated by Internet-based social contexts. Whereas SA is focused on being the object of interpersonal evaluation, OPC is focused on preventing others from gaining unauthorized access to private personal information. No research to date has investigated how SA and OPCs may uniquely or interactively predict individual differences in online interaction anxiety or attitudes and preferences about online communication...
April 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392844/mindfulness-facets-social-anxiety-and-drinking-to-cope-with-social-anxiety-testing-mediators-of-drinking-problems
#17
Elise M Clerkin, Laurel D Sarfan, E Marie Parsons, Joshua C Magee
This cross-sectional study tested social anxiety symptoms, trait mindfulness, and drinking to cope with social anxiety as potential predictors and/or serial mediators of drinking problems. A community-based sample of individuals with co-occurring social anxiety symptoms and alcohol dependence were recruited. Participants (N = 105) completed measures of social anxiety, drinking to cope with social anxiety, and alcohol use and problems. As well, participants completed the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, which assesses mindfulness facets of accepting without judgment, acting with awareness, not reacting to one's internal experiences, observing and attending to experiences, and labeling and describing...
February 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392773/gender-differences-in-the-difficulty-in-disengaging-from-threat-among-children-and-adolescents-with-social-anxiety
#18
Peng Zhang, Wenjin Ni, Ruibo Xie, Jiahua Xu, Xiangping Liu
There is some research showing that social anxiety is related with attentional bias to threat. However, others fail to find this relationship and propose that gender differences may play a role. The aim of this study was to investigate the gender differences in the subcomponents of attentional bias to threat (hypervigilance and difficulty in disengaging) among children and adolescents with social anxiety. Overall, 181 youngsters aged between 10 and 14 participated in the current study. Images of disgusted faces were used as threat stimuli in an Exogenous Cueing Task was used to measure the subcomponents of attentional bias...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390499/characterizing-interpersonal-difficulties-among-young-adults-who-engage-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury-using-a-daily-diary
#19
Brianna J Turner, Matthew A Wakefield, Kim L Gratz, Alexander L Chapman
Compared to people who have never engaged in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), people with a history of NSSI report multiple interpersonal problems. Theories propose that these interpersonal difficulties play a role in prompting and maintaining NSSI. The cross-sectional nature of most studies in this area limits our understanding of how day-to-day interpersonal experiences relate to the global interpersonal impairments observed among individuals with NSSI, and vice versa. This study compared young adults with (n=60) and without (n=56) recent, repeated NSSI on baseline and daily measures of interpersonal functioning during a 14-day daily diary study...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390497/social-anxiety-and-social-support-in-romantic-relationships
#20
Eliora Porter, Dianne L Chambless
Little is known about the quality of socially anxious individuals' romantic relationships. In the present study, we examine associations between social anxiety and social support in such relationships. In Study 1, we collected self-report data on social anxiety symptoms and received, provided, and perceived social support from 343 undergraduates and their romantic partners. One year later couples were contacted to determine whether they were still in this relationship. Results indicated that men's social anxiety at Time 1 predicted higher rates of breakup at Time 2...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
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