keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"social anxiety"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922605/pattern-of-structural-brain-changes-in-social-anxiety-disorder-after-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-a-longitudinal-multimodal-mri-study
#1
V R Steiger, A B Brühl, S Weidt, A Delsignore, M Rufer, L Jäncke, U Herwig, J Hänggi
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by fears of social and performance situations. Cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) has in general positive effects on symptoms, distress and avoidance in SAD. Prior studies found increased cortical volumes and decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) in SAD compared with healthy controls (HCs). Thirty-three participants diagnosed with SAD attended in a 10-week CBGT and were scanned before and after therapy. We applied three neuroimaging methods-surface-based morphometry, diffusion tensor imaging and network-based statistics-each with specific longitudinal processing protocols, to investigate CBGT-induced structural brain alterations of the gray and white matter (WM)...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920976/resting-state-theta-band-connectivity-and-graph-analysis-in-generalized-social-anxiety-disorder
#2
Mengqi Xing, Reza Tadayonnejad, Annmarie MacNamara, Olusola Ajilore, Julia DiGangi, K Luan Phan, Alex Leow, Heide Klumpp
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) resting-state studies show generalized social anxiety disorder (gSAD) is associated with disturbances in networks involved in emotion regulation, emotion processing, and perceptual functions, suggesting a network framework is integral to elucidating the pathophysiology of gSAD. However, fMRI does not measure the fast dynamic interconnections of functional networks. Therefore, we examined whole-brain functional connectomics with electroencephalogram (EEG) during resting-state...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918913/reduced-cortical-thickness-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#3
Sally A Grace, Ben G Buchanan, Jerome J Maller, Wei Lin Toh, David J Castle, Susan L Rossell
Recent neuroimaging studies in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have implicated abnormal structure and function of occipito-temporal and fronto-limbic regions in the potential pathophysiology of the disorder. To date, morphometric investigations have yielded inconsistent results, and have suggested that clinical symptoms may mediate structural brain abnormalities in BDD. We measured Grey Matter (GM) cortical thickness in 20 participants with BDD and 20 healthy control participants matched on age, gender, estimated IQ and handedness...
November 22, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917458/a-test-of-the-perfectionism-social-disconnection-model-among-ethnic-minority-youth
#4
Ana B Goya Arce, Antonio J Polo
Perfectionistic self-presentation (PSP) has been identified as a vulnerability factor in the development of depressive disorders during early adolescence. The Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model (PSDM) offers a theoretical framework suggesting PSP leads to depressive symptoms via interpersonal problems and social disconnection. Previous studies have supported the role of social disconnection as a mediator in the relation between PSP and suicidal ideation, but have not evaluated interpersonal problems in the model...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917455/what-s-the-worry-with-social-anxiety-comparing-cognitive-processes-in-children-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-social-anxiety-disorder
#5
Cate S Hearn, Caroline L Donovan, Susan H Spence, Sonja March, Monique C Holmes
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) in children is often comorbid with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). We investigated whether worry, intolerance of uncertainty, beliefs about worry, negative problem orientation and cognitive avoidance, that are typically associated with GAD, are present in children with SAD. Participants included 60 children (8-12 years), matched on age and gender. Groups included children: with primary GAD and without SAD (GAD); with primary SAD and without GAD (SAD); and without an anxiety disorder (NAD)...
December 5, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915159/public-speaking-avoidance-as-a-treatment-moderator-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#6
Bita Mesri, Andrea N Niles, Andre Pittig, Richard T LeBeau, Ethan Haik, Michelle G Craske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) have both garnered empirical support for the effective treatment of social anxiety disorder. However, not every patient benefits equally from either treatment. Identifying moderators of treatment outcome can help to better understand which treatment is best suited for a particular patient. METHODS: Forty-nine individuals who met criteria for social anxiety disorder were assessed as part of a randomized controlled trial comparing 12 weeks of CBT and ACT...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913899/linking-temperamental-shyness-and-social-anxiety-in-childhood-and-adolescence-moderating-influences-of-sex-and-age
#7
Tiffany Y L Tsui, Ayelet Lahat, Louis A Schmidt
Although childhood shyness has been linked to social anxiety problems, the factors playing a role in this association have gone largely unexplored. Here we examined the potential moderating roles of sex and age on this relation in a sample of 119 (75 girls) children (10-12 years) and adolescents (14-16 years). As predicted, shyness was positively associated with social anxiety symptoms. Sex, but not age, served as a moderating factor in linking shyness and social anxiety. Specifically, shyness was more strongly associated with social anxiety symptoms among girls than boys...
December 2, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912159/changes-in-the-self-during-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Bree Gregory, Lorna Peters
A consistent feature across cognitive-behavioural models of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is the central role of the self in the emergence and maintenance of the disorder. The strong emphasis placed on the self in these models and related empirical research has also been reflected in evidence-based treatments for the disorder. This systematic review provides an overview of the empirical literature investigating the role of self-related constructs (e.g., self-beliefs, self-images, self-focused attention) proposed in cognitive models of SAD, before examining how these constructs are modified during and following CBT for SAD...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910731/selective-attention-to-emotional-prosody-in-social-anxiety-a-dichotic-listening-study
#9
Virginie Peschard, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Pierre Philippot
The majority of evidence on social anxiety (SA)-linked attentional biases to threat comes from research using facial expressions. Emotions are, however, communicated through other channels, such as voice. Despite its importance in the interpretation of social cues, emotional prosody processing in SA has been barely explored. This study investigated whether SA is associated with enhanced processing of task-irrelevant angry prosody. Fifty-three participants with high and low SA performed a dichotic listening task in which pairs of male/female voices were presented, one to each ear, with either the same or different prosody (neutral or angry)...
December 2, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910724/attentional-networks-and-visuospatial-working-memory-capacity-in-social-anxiety
#10
Jun Moriya
Social anxiety is associated with attentional bias and working memory for emotional stimuli; however, the ways in which social anxiety affects cognitive functions involving non-emotional stimuli remains unclear. The present study focused on the role of attentional networks (i.e. alerting, orienting, and executive control networks) and visuospatial working memory capacity (WMC) for non-emotional stimuli in the context of social anxiety. One hundred and seventeen undergraduates completed questionnaires on social anxiety...
December 2, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898276/behind-the-mask-a-psychodynamic-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-individuals-diagnosed-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#11
Beth McEvoy, John O'Connor, Odhran McCarthy
The diagnostic category of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one that is widely drawn upon in mental health settings; SAD is primarily characterized by a marked fear of social performance situations and possible scrutiny by other people (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994, 2013). The current study aims to explore the experiences of people diagnosed with SAD. Psychoanalytically informed research interviews, drawing on psychoanalytic ideas around the parameters of engagement and levels of engagement and analysis, were carried out with 4 male and 2 female participants with diagnoses of SAD...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894213/factor-solutions-of-the-social-phobia-scale-sps-and-the-social-interaction-anxiety-scale-sias-in-a-swedish-population
#12
Ewa Mörtberg, Lena Reuterskiöld, Maria Tillfors, Tomas Furmark, Lars-Göran Öst
Culturally validated rating scales for social anxiety disorder (SAD) are of significant importance when screening for the disorder, as well as for evaluating treatment efficacy. This study examined construct validity and additional psychometric properties of two commonly used scales, the Social Phobia Scale and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, in a clinical SAD population (n = 180) and in a normal population (n = 614) in Sweden. Confirmatory factor analyses of previously reported factor solutions were tested but did not reveal acceptable fit...
November 29, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891108/the-mediating-role-of-psychological-adjustment-between-peer-victimization-and-social-adjustment-in-adolescence
#13
Eva M Romera, Olga Gómez-Ortiz, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
There is extensive scientific evidence of the serious psychological and social effects that peer victimization may have on students, among them internalizing problems such as anxiety or negative self-esteem, difficulties related to low self-efficacy and lower levels of social adjustment. Although a direct relationship has been observed between victimization and these effects, it has not yet been analyzed whether there is a relationship of interdependence between all these measures of psychosocial adjustment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891107/internet-communication-disorder-it-s-a-matter-of-social-aspects-coping-and-internet-use-expectancies
#14
Elisa Wegmann, Matthias Brand
Online communication applications such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter are some of the most frequently used Internet applications. There is a growing amount of individuals suffering diminished control over their use of online communication applications which leads to diverse negative consequences in offline life. This could be referred to as Internet-communication disorder (ICD). The current study investigates the role of individual characteristics (e.g., psychopathological symptoms, feelings of loneliness) and specific cognitions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889856/gender-differences-in-anxiety-trajectories-from-middle-to-late-adolescence
#15
Christine McCauley Ohannessian, Stephanie Milan, Anna Vannucci
Although developmental trajectories of anxiety symptomatology have begun to be explored, most research has focused on total anxiety symptom scores during childhood and early adolescence, using racially/ethnically homogenous samples. Understanding the heterogeneous courses of anxiety disorder symptoms during middle to late adolescence has the potential to clarify developmental risk models of anxiety and to inform prevention programs. Therefore, this study specifically examined gender differences in developmental trajectories of anxiety disorder symptoms (generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder) from middle to late adolescence in a diverse community sample (N = 1000; 57 % female; 65 % White), assessed annually over 2 years...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888749/young-people-with-higher-social-anxiety-are-less-likely-to-adopt-the-perspective-of-another-data-from-the-director-task
#16
Victoria Pile, Simone P W Haller, Chii Fen Hiu, Jennifer Y F Lau
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Young people with social anxiety display poor social functioning but it is unclear whether this is underscored by difficulties in key social cognitive abilities, such as perspective taking. Here, we examined whether increased social anxiety is associated with reduced accuracy on a perspective taking task and whether this relationship is stronger at particular periods within adolescence. METHODS: Fifty-nine adolescents aged 11-19 years completed the computerised Director Task (DT) and the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescence...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883950/the-effects-of-social-pressure-and-emotional-expression-on-the-cone-of-gaze-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#17
Johannes Harbort, Julia Spiegel, Michael Witthöft, Heiko Hecht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with social anxiety disorder suffer from pronounced fears in social situations. As gaze perception is crucial in these situations, we examined which factors influence the range of gaze directions where mutual gaze is experienced (the cone of gaze). METHODS: The social stimulus was modified by changing the number of people (heads) present and the emotional expression of their faces. Participants completed a psychophysical task, in which they had to adjust the eyes of a virtual head to gaze at the edge of the range where mutual eye-contact was experienced...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881357/social-networking-sites-depression-and-anxiety-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Seabrook, Margaret L Kern, Nikki S Rickard
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites (SNSs) have become a pervasive part of modern culture, which may also affect mental health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify and summarize research examining depression and anxiety in the context of SNSs. It also aimed to identify studies that complement the assessment of mental illness with measures of well-being and examine moderators and mediators that add to the complexity of this environment. METHODS: A multidatabase search was performed...
November 23, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879176/focus-of-attention-behavioral-experiment-an-examination-of-a-therapeutic-procedure-to-reduce-social-anxiety
#19
Kerry A Renner, David P Valentiner, Jacob B Holzman
A clinical protocol based on contemporary cognitive behavioral treatment for social anxiety was developed and examined. Previously published instructions for conducting a focus-of-attention behavioral experiment targeting self-focused attention and safety behaviors during exposure were used to create a structured protocol. Individuals (n = 45) with high levels of social anxiety and public-speaking anxiety were randomly assigned to either a focus-of-attention behavioral experiment (FABE) or an Exposure-Only Control (EOC) condition...
January 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875714/the-role-of-ego-resiliency-in-the-relationship-between-social-anxiety-and-problem-solving-ability-among-south-korean-nursing-students
#20
Won-Hee Jun, Gyungjoo Lee
BACKGROUND: Problem-solving is a core ability that nursing students should develop during their education. There is a need to better understand the importance of problem-solving and the factors related to it among nursing students. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the role of ego-resiliency in the relationship between social anxiety and problem-solving ability in Korean nursing students. METHODS: Data were collected from a total of 329 nursing students who were enrolled in three nursing programs in South Korea, using a self-administrated questionnaire...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
keyword
keyword
92258
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"