keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"social anxiety"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921657/reporting-anxiety-symptoms-in-extremely-preterm-born-adolescents-and-by-their-mothers
#1
M J Sømhovd, B H Esbjørn, B M Hansen, G Greisen
AIM: To compare anxiety symptoms in adolescents born extremely prematurely to term-born controls. METHODS: We had 96 preterm-born adolescents and 40 term-born controls from Denmark and their mothers score the adolescents on the Revised Children Anxiety and Depression scale. We analysed group differences, cross-informant correlations, and relative risks for elevated anxiety symptoms. RESULTS: Self-reported anxiety symptoms did not significantly differ, although the upper confidence limit (95% CI [-3...
September 16, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921527/bumping-heart-and-sweaty-palms-physiological-hyperarousal-as-a-risk-factor-for-child-social-anxiety
#2
Milica Nikolić, Evin Aktar, Susan Bögels, Cristina Colonnesi, Wieke de Vente
BACKGROUND: Physiological hyperarousal in social situations is a characteristic of individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD), but so far it has been rarely studied as a biological risk for SAD. Here, we investigate whether children at high risk for SAD (because of their parents' SAD) display physiological hyperarousal while interacting with a stranger. Also, we examine whether early physiological hyperarousal is related to later child social anxiety. METHOD: One hundred and seventeen children took part in the stranger-approach task when they were 2...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920523/the-social-consequences-of-stigma-related-self-concealment-after-acquired-brain-injury
#3
Barbara F Hagger, Gerard A Riley
Social relationships often decline after brain injury. Although much of this is due to psychosocial impairments caused by the injury, the reactions to the injury of others in the person's wider social network, along with the response of the person with the injury to those reactions, also need to be considered. Anxiety about stigmatising reactions from others may lead some to conceal information about their brain injury. This study investigated some of the social consequences of such concealment. Sixty-five participants with acquired brain injury completed the Anticipated Stigma and Concealment Questionnaire, the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale, the UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Social Integration subscale of the Community Integration Questionnaire, and the Enacted Social Support Questionnaire...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919804/morningness-eveningness-and-emotion-dysregulation-incremental-validity-in-predicting-social-anxiety-dimensions
#4
Esfandiar Azad-Marzabadi, Sohrab Amiri
This study investigates the usefulness of morningness-eveningness and emotion dysregulation for better understanding of social anxiety dimensions. Specifically, associations between morningness-eveningness and incremental validity of emotion dysregulation as a predictor of social anxiety were examined. Data were obtained from a sample of normal students (N=510). Results of regression analyses showed that morningness was a significant predictor of social anxiety variables. Dimensions of emotion dysregulation had multiple associations with facets from social anxiety...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914141/higher-usa-state-resident-neuroticism-is-associated-with-lower-state-volunteering-rates
#5
Stewart J H McCann
Highly neurotic persons have dispositional characteristics that tend to precipitate social anxiety that discourages formal volunteering. With the 50 American states as analytical units, Study 1 found that state resident neuroticism correlated highly ( r = -.55) with state volunteering rates and accounted for another 26.8% of the volunteering rate variance with selected state demographics controlled. Study 2 replicated Study 1 during another period and extended the association to college student, senior, secular, and religious volunteering rates...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913387/personality-traits-and-theory-of-mind-performance-data-of-a-spanish-sample-of-university-students
#6
José M Gavilán, Juan Haro
This article allows consulting the performance data of 96 Spanish university students in two personality questionnaires and two theory of mind (ToM) tasks. Personality dimensions were evaluated through the OPERAS questionnaire (Vigil-Colet et al., 2013) [1], which evaluates global personality through 5 scales: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, openness to experience, and the ESQUIZO-Q questionnaire (Fonseca-Pedrero et al., 2010) [2], which assesses schizotypy by means of 10 subscales: ideas of reference, magical thinking, unusual perceptual experiences, odd thinking and language, paranoid ideation, physical anhedonia, social anhedonia, odd behavior, lack of close friends, and excessive social anxiety...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910609/categorical-perception-of-facial-expressions-in-individuals-with-non-clinical-social-anxiety
#7
Fanghui Qiu, Mingxiu Han, Yu Zhai, Shiwei Jia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: According to the well-established categorical perception (CP) of facial expressions, we decode complicated expression signals into simplified categories to facilitate expression processing. Expression processing deficits have been widely described in social anxiety (SA), but it remains to be investigated whether CP of expressions are affected by SA. The present study examined whether individuals with SA had an interpretation bias when processing ambiguous expressions and whether the sensitivity of their CP was affected by their SA...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899892/does-internet-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-reduce-healthcare-costs-and-resource-use-in-treatment-of-social-anxiety-disorder-a-cost-minimisation-analysis-conducted-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Samir El Alaoui, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Brjánn Ljótsson, Nils Lindefors
OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) can be effectively treated with internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT), but studies on long-term cost minimisation from a healthcare provider perspective in comparison to an evidence-based control treatment of therapeutic equivalence are lacking. The objective of the study was to determine whether ICBT reduces healthcare costs and use of healthcare resources compared with cognitive behavioural group therapy (CBGT). DESIGN: A cost-minimisation study alongside a randomised controlled trial where participants (n=126) with SAD were randomised to ICBT or to CBGT...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889797/an-experimental-study-of-executive-function-and-social-impairment-in-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome
#9
Lisa Nelson, Hayley Crawford, Donna Reid, Joanna Moss, Chris Oliver
BACKGROUND: Extreme shyness and social anxiety is reported to be characteristic of adolescents and adults with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS); however, the nature of these characteristics is not well documented. In this study, we develop and apply an experimental assessment of social anxiety in a group of adolescents and adults with CdLS to determine the nature of the social difficulties and whether they are related to impairments in executive functioning. METHODS: A familiar and unfamiliar examiner separately engaged in socially demanding tasks comprising three experimental conditions with a group of individuals with CdLS (n = 25; % male = 44; mean age = 22...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887795/social-anxiety-and-attentional-biases-a-top-down-contribution
#10
Hannah L Boal, B K Christensen, S C Goodhew
Selective attention toward threatening facial expressions has been found to precipitate and maintain symptoms of social anxiety. However, the automaticity of this bias is under debate. In the present study, we aimed to test whether top-down (controlled) engagement and disengagement of attention toward threatening faces is associated with social anxiety. This was examined by testing the impact of a secondary working memory (WM) load on attentional biases. In a variation of the dot-probe task, participants' attention was initially cued to the left or right of fixation before an upright face paired with an inverted face was presented (displaying a disgust or neutral expression), and participants responded to a subsequently presented probe...
September 8, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886420/discriminant-validity-diagnostic-utility-and-parent-child-agreement-on-the-screen-for-child-anxiety-related-emotional-disorders-scared-in-treatment-and-non-treatment-seeking-youth
#11
B I Rappaport, D Pagliaccio, D S Pine, D N Klein, J M Jarcho
The Screen for Child Anxiety and Related Emotional Disorder (SCARED) may be differentially sensitive to detecting specific or comorbid anxiety diagnoses in treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking youth. We assessed the SCARED's discriminant validity, diagnostic utility, and informant agreement using parent- and self-report from healthy and treatment-seeking anxious youth (Study 1, N=585) and from non-treatment-seeking anxious youth (Study 2, N=331) diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), or comorbid GAD+SAD...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881221/social-anxiety-in-pre-adolescent-children-what-do-we-know-about-maintenance
#12
Brynjar Halldorsson, Cathy Creswell
The cognitive theory of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most widely accepted accounts of the maintenance of the disorder in adults, yet it remains unknown if, or to what extent, the same cognitive and behavioral maintenance mechanisms that occur in adult SAD also apply to SAD among pre-adolescent children. In contrast to the adult literature, current models of SAD in children mostly account for etiology and maintenance processes are given limited attention. Consequently, their clinical utility for the treatment of SAD in children may be limited...
September 1, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878159/connecting-the-dots-between-schizotypal-symptoms-and-social-anxiety-in-youth-with-an-extra-x-chromosome-a-mediating-role-for-catastrophizing
#13
Anne C Miers, Tim Ziermans, Sophie van Rijn
Youth with an extra X chromosome (47, XXY & 47, XXX) display higher levels of schizotypal symptoms and social anxiety as compared to typically developing youth. It is likely that the extra X chromosome group is at-risk for clinical levels of schizotypy and social anxiety. Hence, this study investigated how schizotypal and social anxiety symptoms are related and mechanisms that may explain their association in a group of 38 children and adolescents with an extra X chromosome and a comparison group of 109 typically developing peers (8-19 years)...
September 6, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#14
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867943/oxytocin-and-social-functioning
#15
Candace Jones, Ingrid Barrera, Shaun Brothers, Robert Ring, Claes Wahlestedt
Social anxiety is a form of anxiety characterized by continuous fear of one or more social or performance situations. Although multiple treatment modalities (cognitive behavioral therapy, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors/selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, benzodiazepines) exist for social anxiety, they are effective for only 60% to 70% of patients. Thus, researchers have looked for other candidates for social anxiety treatment. Our review focuses on the peptide oxytocin as a potential therapeutic option for individuals with social anxiety...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867936/cultural-aspects-of-anxiety-disorders-in-india
#16
Maherra Khambaty, Rajesh M Parikh
Cultural factors have influenced the presentation, diagnoses, and treatment of anxiety disorders in India for several centuries. This review covers the antecedents, prevalence, phenomenology, and treatment modalities of anxiety disorders in the Indian cultural context. It covers the history of the depiction of anxiety in India and the concept of culture in the classification of anxiety disorders, and examines the cultural factors influencing anxiety disorders in India. We review the prevalence and phenomenology of various disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety, and phobic disorder, as well as culture-specific syndromes such as dhat and koro in India...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867934/treatment-of-anxiety-disorders
#17
Borwin Bandelow, Sophie Michaelis, Dirk Wedekind
Anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder/agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, and others) are the most prevalent psychiatric disorders, and are associated with a high burden of illness. Anxiety disorders are often underrecognized and undertreated in primary care. Treatment is indicated when a patient shows marked distress or suffers from complications resulting from the disorder. The treatment recommendations given in this article are based on guidelines, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews of randomized controlled studies...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866796/the-role-of-family-for-youth-friendships-examining-a-social-anxiety-mechanism
#18
Hio Wa Mak, Gregory M Fosco, Mark E Feinberg
The quality of family relationships and youth friendships are intricately linked. Previous studies have examined different mechanisms of family-peer linkage, but few have examined social anxiety. The present study examined whether parental rejection and family climate predicted changes in youth social anxiety, which in turn predicted changes in friendship quality and loneliness. Possible bidirectional associations also were examined. Data for mothers, fathers, and youth (M age at Time 1 = 11.27; 52.3% were female) from 687 two-parent households over three time points are presented...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863304/is-therapist-evaluation-of-social-anxiety-avoidance-traits-associated-with-patient-reported-attachment-style
#19
Michael Katz, Mark J Hilsenroth
The Social Anxiety/Avoidance Scale was recently added to the Shedler Westen Assessment Procedure (SWAP), and requires independent validation. This study used data drawn from a larger ongoing project in order to retrospectively examine its convergent validity with two self-report attachment measures: Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) and Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire-Revised (ECR-R). Fifty-two patients completed the RQ and the ECR-R before beginning psychotherapy treatment. Clinicians rated the patients on the SWAP after six sessions...
August 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859190/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-pharmacotherapy-for-childhood-anxiety-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Zhen Wang, Stephen P H Whiteside, Leslie Sim, Wigdan Farah, Allison S Morrow, Mouaz Alsawas, Patricia Barrionuevo, Mouaffaa Tello, Noor Asi, Bradley Beuschel, Lubna Daraz, Jehad Almasri, Feras Zaiem, Laura Larrea-Mantilla, Oscar J Ponce, Annie LeBlanc, Larry J Prokop, Mohammad Hassan Murad
Importance: Childhood anxiety is common. Multiple treatment options are available, but existing guidelines provide inconsistent advice on which treatment to use. Objectives: To evaluate the comparative effectiveness and adverse events of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy for childhood anxiety disorders. Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and SciVerse Scopus from database inception through February 1, 2017...
August 31, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
92258
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"