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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213292/improving-therapeutic-outcomes-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-enhancing-social-communication-and-sensory-processing-through-the-use-of-interactive-robots
#1
REVIEW
Felippe Sartorato, Leon Przybylowski, Diana K Sarko
For children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), social robots are increasingly utilized as therapeutic tools in order to enhance social skills and communication. Robots have been shown to generate a number of social and behavioral benefits in children with ASD including heightened engagement, increased attention, and decreased social anxiety. Although social robots appear to be effective social reinforcement tools in assistive therapies, the perceptual mechanism underlying these benefits remains unknown...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210826/stranger-fear-and-early-risk-for-social-anxiety-in-preschoolers-with-fragile-x-syndrome-contrasted-to-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Jessica F Scherr, Abigail L Hogan, Deborah Hatton, Jane E Roberts
This study investigated behavioral indicators of social fear in preschool boys with fragile X syndrome (FXS) with a low degree of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms (FXS-Low; n = 29), FXS with elevated ASD symptoms (FXS-High; n = 25), idiopathic ASD (iASD; n = 11), and typical development (TD; n = 36). Gaze avoidance, escape behaviors, and facial fear during a stranger approach were coded. Boys with elevated ASD symptoms displayed more avoidant gaze, looking less at the stranger and parent than those with low ASD symptoms across etiologies...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210232/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-combined-social-phobia-scale-and-social-interaction-anxiety-scale-support-for-a-bifactor-model
#3
Rapson Gomez, Shaun D Watson
For the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) together, this study examined support for a bifactor model, and also the internal consistency reliability and external validity of the factors in this model. Participants (N = 526) were adults from the general community who completed the SPS and SIAS. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of their ratings indicated good support for the bifactor model. For this model, the loadings for all but six items were higher on the general factor than the specific factors...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209542/social-anxiety-and-the-cortisol-response-to-social-evaluation-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
Esther van den Bos, Mattie Tops, P Michiel Westenberg
Contradictory findings have been reported on the relation between social anxiety and the cortisol response to social evaluation in youth. The present longitudinal study aimed to clarify this relation by taking pubertal development into account. Data were collected in two waves, two years apart, for a community sample of 196 participants, aged 8-17 years at Time 1. Pubertal development and social anxiety were assessed with self-report questionnaires. Salivary cortisol was obtained before and after participants completed the Leiden Public Speaking Task...
February 7, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208076/how-does-gaze-direction-affect-facial-processing-in-social-anxiety-an-erp-study
#5
Dan Li, Fengqiong Yu, Rong Ye, Xingui Chen, Xinhui Xie, Chunyan Zhu, Kai Wang
Previous behavioral studies have demonstrated an effect of eye gaze direction on the processing of emotional expressions in adults with social anxiety. However, specific brain responses to the interaction between gaze direction and facial expressions in social anxiety remain unclear. The present study aimed to explore the time course of such interaction using event-related potentials (ERPs) in participants with social anxiety. High socially anxious individuals and low socially anxious individuals were asked to identify the gender of angry or neutral faces with direct or averted gaze while their behavioral performance and electrophysiological data were monitored...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199950/the-structure-of-vulnerabilities-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#6
Thomas L Rodebaugh, Cheri A Levinson, Julia K Langer, Justin W Weeks, Richard G Heimberg, Patrick J Brown, Andrew R Menatti, Franklin R Schneier, Carlos Blanco, Michael R Liebowitz
Social anxiety disorder symptoms are generally proposed to be related to broad temperamental vulnerabilities (e.g., a low level of approach and high level of avoidance temperament), specific psychological vulnerabilities (e.g., fears of negative and positive evaluation), and additional disorders (e.g., major depressive disorder). However, existing tests of such a model have either not considered depressive symptoms or relied on samples of undergraduates. We examined these and related questions via a latent variable model in a large dataset (N=2253) that combined participants across a variety of studies...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193311/voluntary-and-involuntary-imagery-in-social-anxiety
#7
Sophie R Homer, Catherine Deeprose
BACKGROUND: Negative mental imagery is ubiquitous in cognitive models of social anxiety and in the social anxiety literature. Previous research has shown that it is causal of increased anxiety, lower social performance ratings and lower implicit self-esteem. Despite its prevalence, few studies have investigated this imagery directly. AIMS: This study aimed to provide an in-depth analysis of the phenomenology of negative imagery experienced by socially anxious individuals, and to compare recurrent and intrusive images with images deliberately generated by participants during the study...
February 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191984/explicit-and-implicit-self-evaluations-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#8
Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Hadar Keshet, Tamar Livne, Uri Berger, Reut Zabag, Haggai Hermesh, Sofi Marom
Cognitive models of social anxiety disorder (SAD) emphasize the role of explicit and implicit self-evaluations (SEs) in the etiology and maintenance of this condition. Whereas individuals with SAD consistently report lower explicit SEs as compared with nonanxious individuals, findings concerning implicit SEs are mixed. To gain a more nuanced understanding of the nature of SEs in SAD, we examined explicit and implicit SEs in two significant interpersonal domains: social rank and affiliation. Consistent with cognitive theorizing, we predicted that, compared to nonclinical controls (NCCs), individuals with SAD would exhibit lower explicit and implicit SEs in both domains...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191916/differential-prevalence-of-established-risk-factors-for-poor-cessation-outcomes-among-smokers-by-level-of-social-anxiety
#9
Noreen L Watson, Jaimee L Heffner, Jennifer B McClure, Kristen E Mull, Jonathan B Bricker
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite clear associations between social anxiety (SA), high prevalence of smoking, and cessation failure, little is known about factors contributing to these relationships. Moreover, the extent to which smokers with moderate SA represent an at-risk group of smokers is also unknown. This study examined the extent to which established risk factors for poor cessation (eg, sociodemographic, smoking history, mental health comorbidity) are prevalent among smokers with low, moderate, and high levels of SA...
February 13, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191335/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-iranian-female-adolescents-suffering-from-social-anxiety
#10
Shima Ebrahiminejad, Hamid Poursharifi, Abbas Bakhshiour Roodsari, Zahra Zeinodini, Simasadat Noorbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety is one of the most common psychological disorders that exists among children and adolescents, and it has profound effects on their psychological states and academic achievements. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on diminishing social anxiety disorder symptoms and improving the self-esteem of female adolescents suffering from social anxiety. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Semi-experimental research was conducted on 30 female students diagnosed with social anxiety...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188993/excess-costs-of-social-anxiety-disorder-in-germany
#11
Judith Dams, Hans-Helmut König, Florian Bleibler, Jürgen Hoyer, Jörg Wiltink, Manfred E Beutel, Simone Salzer, Stephan Herpertz, Ulrike Willutzki, Bernhard Strauß, Eric Leibing, Falk Leichsenring, Alexander Konnopka
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder is one of the most frequent mental disorders. It is often associated with mental comorbidities and causes a high economic burden. The aim of our analysis was to estimate the excess costs of patients with social anxiety disorder compared to persons without anxiety disorder in Germany. METHODS: Excess costs of social anxiety disorder were determined by comparing two data sets. Patient data came from the SOPHO-NET study A1 (n=495), whereas data of persons without anxiety disorder originated from a representative phone survey (n=3213) of the general German population...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187303/response-bias-related-impairment-of-early-subjective-face-discrimination-in-social-anxiety-disorders-an-event-related-potential-study
#12
Yanyan Qi, Ruolei Gu, Jianqin Cao, Xuejing Bi, Haiyan Wu, Xun Liu
Considerable research has shown that social anxiety disorder (SAD) is accompanied by various negative cognitive biases, such as social feedback expectancy bias, memory bias, and interpretation bias. However, whether the memory bias in individuals with SAD is actually a manifestation of response bias, and whether such response bias is associated with deficits in face discrimination, remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated response bias (i.e., a tendency to recognize more negative evaluations) to faces with positive (social acceptance) or negative (social rejection) social evaluations in individuals with SAD and healthy controls (HCs) using event-related potentials (ERPs)...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183400/toward-a-better-understanding-of-social-anxiety-and-depression-in-psoriasis-patients-the-role-of-determinants-mediators-and-moderators
#13
Patryk Łakuta, Hanna Przybyła-Basista
OBJECTIVE: To determine how and under which conditions psoriasis is related to the psychological impairments, in particular, to social anxiety and depression, the current study tested the interplay of selected factors such as gender, age of onset of psoriasis, cognitive and affective elements of body image, experiences of stigmatization, and patients' subjective perceptions of severity of the disease. METHODS: Adult psoriasis patients (N=193) completed the Appearance Schemas Inventory-Revised, the Stigmatization Scale, the Body Emotions Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Social Anxiety Questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174031/the-role-of-emotional-inhibitory-control-in-specific-internet-addiction-an-fmri-study
#14
Julia Dieter, Sabine Hoffmann, Daniela Mier, Iris Reinhard, Martin Beutel, Sabine Vollstädt-Klein, Falk Kiefer, Karl Mann, Tagrid Leménager
BACKGROUND: Addicts to specific internet applications involving communication features showed increased social anxiety, emotional competence deficits and impaired prefrontal-related inhibitory control. The dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex (dACC) likely plays an important role in cognitive control and negative affect (such as social exclusion, pain or anxiety). AIM: To assess (social) anxiety-related inhibitory control in specific internet addiction (addicted use of games and social networks) and its relation to altered dACC activation...
February 4, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173886/comparison-of-the-dsm-5-and-icd-10-panic-and-other-anxiety-disorders
#15
Borwin Bandelow
Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental disorders and are associated with substantial healthcare costs and a high burden of disease. In this article, changes in the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (the DSM-5) with respect to panic disorder/agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, specific phobias, and selective mutism are compared with the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) system.
February 8, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167379/within-session-effect-of-repeated-stress-exposure-on-extinction-circuitry-function-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#16
Fredrik Åhs, Malin Gingnell, Tomas Furmark, Mats Fredrikson
Anxiety reduction following repeated exposure to stressful experiences is generally held to depend on neural processes involved in extinction of conditioned fear. We predicted that repeated exposure to stressful experiences would change activity throughout the circuitry serving extinction, including ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), the hippocampus and the amygdala. To test this prediction, 36 participants diagnosed with SAD performed two successive speeches in front of an observing audience while regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was recorded using positron emission tomography...
January 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165762/extended-release-guanfacine-in-pediatric-anxiety-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Jeffrey R Strawn, Scott N Compton, Brigitte Robertson, Anne Marie Albano, Mohamed Hamdani, Moira A Rynn
OBJECTIVE: This is a feasibility study evaluating the safety, tolerability, and potential anxiolytic efficacy of the α2 agonist guanfacine extended-release (GXR) in children and adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), separation anxiety disorder (SAD), or social phobia/social anxiety disorder. METHODS: Youth aged 6-17 years with a primary diagnosis of GAD, SAD, and/or social anxiety disorder were treated with flexibly dosed GXR (1-6 mg daily, n = 62) or placebo (n = 21) for 12 weeks...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155138/cerebellar-neural-circuits-involving-executive-control-network-predict-response-to-group-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#18
MinlanYuan, Yajing Meng, Yan Zhang, Xiaojing Nie, Zhengjia Ren, Hongru Zhu, Yuchen Li, Su Lui, Qiyong Gong, Changjian Qiu, Wei Zhang
Some intrinsic connectivity networks including the default mode network (DMN) and executive control network (ECN) may underlie social anxiety disorder (SAD). Although the cerebellum has been implicated in the pathophysiology of SAD and several networks relevant to higher-order cognition, it remains unknown whether cerebellar areas involved in DMN and ECN exhibit altered resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) with cortical networks in SAD. Forty-six patients with SAD and 64 healthy controls (HC) were included and submitted to the baseline resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
February 2, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143960/targeted-reactivation-during-sleep-differentially-affects-negative-memories-in-socially-anxious-and-healthy-children-and-adolescents
#19
S Groch, A Preiss, D McMakin, B Rasch, S Walitza, R Huber, I Wilhelm
: Cognitive models propose a negative memory bias as one key factor contributing to the emergence and maintenance of social anxiety disorder (SAD). The long-term consolidation of memories relies on memory reactivations during sleep. We investigated in SAD patients and healthy controls the role of memory reactivations during sleep in the long-term consolidation of positive and negative information. Socially anxious and healthy children and adolescents learnt associations between pictures showing ambiguous situations and positive or negative words defining the situations' outcome...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141632/body-dysmorphic-obsessive-compulsive-and-social-anxiety-disorder-beliefs-as-predictors-of-in-vivo-stressor-responding
#20
E Marie Parsons, Kelsey T Straub, April R Smith, Elise M Clerkin
This study tested the potential transdiagnostic nature of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and social anxiety disorder (SAD) beliefs, in addition to testing the specificity of those beliefs, in predicting how individuals responded to symptom-specific stressors. Participants included 127 adults (75% women) with a broad range of symptom severity. Path analysis was used to evaluate whether specific maladaptive beliefs predicted distress in response to symptom-relevant stressors over and above other beliefs and baseline distress...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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