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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747931/is-the-national-guideline-clearinghouse-a-trustworthy-source-of-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-anxiety-and-depression
#1
Stephanie Duda, Christine Fahim, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Innovative strategies that facilitate the use of high quality practice guidelines (PG) are needed. Accordingly, repositories designed to simplify access to PGs have been proposed as a critical component of the network of linked interventions needed to drive increased PG implementation. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is a free, international online repository. We investigated whether it is a trustworthy source of child and youth anxiety and depression PGs. METHOD: English language PGs published between January 2009 and February 2016 relevant to anxiety or depression in children and adolescents (≤ 18 years of age) were eligible...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745062/social-cost-bias-probability-bias-and-self-efficacy-as-correlates-of-behavioral-action-in-social-anxiety
#2
Carol S Lee, Sarah A Hayes-Skelton
The present study investigated the role of social cost bias, probability bias, and self-efficacy as correlates of behavioral action in a nonclinical sample of 197 individuals, using a series of vignettes and self-report measures. The findings indicated that, as hypothesized, social cost bias, probability bias, and self-efficacy were associated with social anxiety. While social anxiety was associated with behavioral action, the three cognitive factors were associated with behavioral action above and beyond the contribution of social anxiety...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740810/schizotypy-and-mindfulness-magical-thinking-without-suspiciousness-characterizes-mindfulness-meditators
#3
Elena Antonova, Kavitha Amaratunga, Bernice Wright, Ulrich Ettinger, Veena Kumari
Despite growing evidence for demonstrated efficacy of mindfulness in various disorders, there is a continuous concern about the relationship between mindfulness practice and psychosis. As schizotypy is part of the psychosis spectrum, we examined the relationship between long-term mindfulness practice and schizotypy in two independent studies. Study 1 included 24 experienced mindfulness practitioners (19 males) from the Buddhist tradition (meditators) and 24 meditation-naïve individuals (all males). Study 2 consisted of 28 meditators and 28 meditation-naïve individuals (all males)...
September 2016: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740356/social-interpretation-bias-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anxiety-disorders-psychometric-examination-of-the-self-report-of-ambiguous-social-situations-for-youth-sassy-scale
#4
Araceli Gonzalez, Michelle Rozenman, Audra K Langley, Philip C Kendall, Golda S Ginsburg, Scott Compton, John T Walkup, Boris Birmaher, Anne Marie Albano, John Piacentini
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health problems in youth, and faulty interpretation bias has been positively linked to anxiety severity, even within anxiety-disordered youth. Quick, reliable assessment of interpretation bias may be useful in identifying youth with certain types of anxiety or assessing changes on cognitive bias during intervention. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Self-report of Ambiguous Social Situations for Youth (SASSY) scale, a self-report measure developed to assess interpretation bias in youth...
June 2017: Child & Youth Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738315/dimensions-of-parenting-among-mothers-and-fathers-in-relation-to-social-anxiety-among-female-adolescents
#5
Teah-Marie Bynion, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Sarah A Bilsky, Renee M Cloutier, Ellen W Leen-Feldner
Social anxiety is the most common anxiety disorder among youth; theoretical and empirical work suggest specific parenting behaviors may be relevant. However, findings are inconsistent, particularly in terms of maternal as compared to paternal effects. In the current study, we evaluated the indirect effects of perceived psychological control on the relation between anxious rearing behaviors and child social anxiety among 112 community-recruited girls (ages 12-15 years). In addition to self-report, adolescent participants completed a laboratory-based social stress task...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735718/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-work-anxiety-in-medical-rehabilitation-patients-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#6
Beate Muschalla, Michael Jöbges
OBJECTIVE: To investigate frequency, type and characteristics of work-anxieties in somatic rehabilitation inpatients. Work-anxieties are serious disorders which affect occupational functioning and often go along with long-term sick leave. Somatic patients may suffer from work-related participation problems due to their chronic health condition. Work-anxieties need specific diagnostic and treatment. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional observation study. SETTING: We investigated inpatients from a neurological, orthopedic and cardiologic rehabilitation clinic...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728118/threatening-events-theme-of-cognitive-biases-mediates-the-relationship-between-fear-of-social-situations-and-delusion-like-experiences-among-healthy-adults
#7
Katarzyna Prochwicz, Joanna Kłosowska, Milena Karpowska
Social anxiety (SA) is frequently observed among patients diagnosed with psychosis as well as among individuals with delusion-like experiences (DLEs). A heightened level of SA has been recognized to precede the development of psychotic symptoms; however, the detailed mechanisms that link SA to delusional ideation remain unrecognized. Since social anxiety is associated with the presence of cognitive biases and biased cognitive processes have been found to play a role in the development and maintenance of delusions, we hypothesized that cognitive biases may mediate in the relationship between social anxiety and DLEs...
July 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726063/gaze-based-assessments-of-vigilance-and-avoidance-in-social-anxiety-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Nigel T M Chen, Patrick J F Clarke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A broad base of research has sought to identify the biases in selective attention which characterize social anxiety, with the emergent use of eye tracking-based methods. This article seeks to provide a review of eye tracking studies examining selective attention biases in social anxiety. RECENT FINDINGS: Across a number of contexts, social anxiety may be associated with a mix of both vigilant and avoidant patterns of attention with respect to the processing of emotional social stimuli...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725207/predictors-of-biased-self-perception-in-individuals-with-high-social-anxiety-the-effect-of-self-consciousness-in-the-private-and-public-self-domains
#9
Henrik Nordahl, Alice Plummer, Adrian Wells
"Biased self-perception," the tendency to perceive one's social performance as more negative than observers do, is characteristic of socially anxious individuals. Self-attention processes are hypothesised to underlie biased self-perception, however, different models emphasise different aspects of self-attention, with attention to the public aspects of the self being prominent. The current study aimed to investigate the relative contribution of two types of dispositional self-attention; public- and private self-consciousness to biased self-perception in a high (n = 48) versus a low (n = 48) social anxiety group undergoing an interaction task...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723596/effectiveness-of-group-training-of-assertiveness-on-social-anxiety-among-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adolescents
#10
Hamed Ahmadi, Parviz Sharifi Daramadi, Majid Asadi-Samani, Hamed Givtaj, Mohammad Reza Mahmoudian Sani
The present study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of assertiveness group training on social anxiety (SAD) between deaf and hearing impaired adolescents. Forty eight (24 deaf and 24 hearing impaired) people participated in this study. First, participants with SAD, i.e. attaining the scores above 40 for Connor's Social Inventory Scale 2000 (SPIN), were selected according to convenience sampling and randomly assigned to two groups, i.e. intervention and control. Then, assertiveness group training was conducted for intervention group within 10 sessions, and immediately after completion of the training sessions, SPIN was re-administered to the two groups...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715983/addressing-social-anxiety-concurrently-with-prison-based-sex-offender-treatment-a-case-of-individual-needs-in-an-era-of-manualized-treatment
#11
Michael P Lasher, Jon R Webb, Jill D Stinson, Peggy J Cantrell
Emotional regulation may be an underaddressed therapeutic target in sex offender treatment. This article presents a case report of "Adam," a Caucasian male referred to a prison-based sex offender treatment program. Adam's social anxiety was recognized as an antecendent to his sexual offending, and treatment of such, as a critical adjunct to sex offender treatment, is discussed herein. Adam's individualized treatment included aspects of rational emotive behavior therapy and time-limited dynamic psychotherapy...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711115/anticipatory-processing-maladaptive-attentional-focus-and-postevent-processing-for-interactional-and-performance-situations-treatment-response-and-relationships-with-symptom-change-for-individuals-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#12
Quincy J J Wong, Bree Gregory, Lauren F McLellan, Maria Kangas, Maree J Abbott, Leigh Carpenter, Peter M McEvoy, Lorna Peters, Ronald M Rapee
Anticipatory processing, maladaptive attentional focus, and postevent processing are key cognitive constructs implicated in the maintenance of social anxiety disorder (SAD). The current study examined how treatment for SAD concurrently affects these three cognitive maintaining processes and how these processes are associated with each other as well as with symptom change from pre- to posttreatment. The sample consisted of 116 participants with SAD receiving group cognitive behavioral therapy. All three cognitive maintaining processes were measured relative to a speech task and again relative to a conversation task...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708974/overestimation-of-threat-from-neutral-faces-and-voices-in-social-anxiety
#13
Virginie Peschard, Pierre Philippot
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety (SA) is associated with a tendency to interpret social information in a more threatening manner. Most of the research in SA has focused on unimodal exploration (mostly based on facial expressions), thus neglecting the ubiquity of cross-modality. To fill this gap, the present study sought to explore whether SA influences the interpretation of facial and vocal expressions presented separately or jointly. METHODS: Twenty-five high socially anxious (HSA) and 29 low socially anxious (LSA) participants completed a forced two-choice emotion identification task consisting of angry and neutral expressions conveyed by faces, voices or combined faces and voices...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689447/specificity-of-peer-difficulties-to-social-anxiety-in-early-adolescence-categorical-and-dimensional-analyses-with-clinical-and-community-samples
#14
Martha C Early, Bridget K Biggs, Kalani P Makanui, John Paul Legerski, Jason Van Allen, Allison R Elledge, Stephen P Whiteside
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the specificity of social difficulties to social anxiety by testing associations of social anxiety and other anxiety presentations with peer acceptance and victimization in community and treatment-seeking samples of adolescents aged 12-14 years. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, quantitative survey. METHODS: Adolescents from the community (n = 116) and a clinical setting (n = 154) completed ratings of anxiety symptoms, perceived social acceptance, and peer victimization...
July 9, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682784/the-theoretical-underpinnings-of-internet-addiction-and-its-association-with-psychopathology-in-adolescence
#15
Shawn Taylor, Sirirada Pattara-Angkoon, Schwanagorn Sirirat, Damith Woods
This paper reviews the psychological and theoretical underpinnings that might help to explain the reported relationship between Internet addiction (IA) and psychopathology in both children and adolescents. Drawing on cognitive-behavioural models and social-skills theory, IA shows a strong relationship with depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and time spent using the Internet use. Mixed findings are reported for social anxiety. Loneliness and hostility were also found to be associated with IA...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682783/looks-can-be-deceiving-body-image-dissatisfaction-relates-to-social-anxiety-through-fear-of-negative-evaluation
#16
Yada Pawijit, Watcharaphon Likhitsuwan, Jason Ludington, Kullaya Pisitsungkagarn
Introduction Emerging adults are particularly vulnerable to body image dissatisfaction and social anxiety. These bring about a host of negative outcomes, including compromised social adjustment and well-being. Fear of negative evaluation has been shown to be a core element of social anxiety, but it is rarely considered in studies of body image and its effects on social anxiety. This study aimed to bridge this gap by examining the role of fear of negative evaluation in the association between body image dissatisfaction and social anxiety...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672178/the-relation-between-social-anxiety-and-biased-interpretations-in-adolescents-with-mild-intellectual-disabilities
#17
Esther O Houtkamp, Mariët J van der Molen, E Leone de Voogd, Elske Salemink, Anke M Klein
BACKGROUND: Cognitive theories of anxiety emphasize the importance of cognitive processes in the onset and maintenance of anxiety disorders. However, little is known about these processes in children and adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities (MID). AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate interpretation bias and its content-specificity in adolescents with MID who varied in their levels of social anxiety. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: In total, 631 adolescents from seven special secondary schools for MID filled in questionnaires to measure their levels of social anxiety...
June 30, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671977/the-moderating-role-of-avoidance-behavior-on-anxiety-over-time-is-there-a-difference-between-social-anxiety-disorder-and-specific-phobia
#18
Myriam Rudaz, Thomas Ledermann, Jürgen Margraf, Eni S Becker, Michelle G Craske
Theories of anxiety disorders and phobias have ascribed a critical role to avoidance behavior in explaining the persistence of fear and anxiety, but knowledge about the role of avoidance behavior in the maintenance of anxiety in social anxiety disorder relative to specific phobia is lacking. This study examined the extent to which avoidance behavior moderates the relationship between general anxiety at baseline and 18 months later in women with a diagnosed social anxiety disorder (n = 91) and women with a diagnosed specific phobia (n = 130) at baseline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670127/suicide-and-lyme-and-associated-diseases
#19
Robert C Bransfield
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to investigate the association between suicide and Lyme and associated diseases (LAD). No journal article has previously performed a comprehensive assessment of this subject. INTRODUCTION: Multiple case reports and other references demonstrate a causal association between suicidal risk and LAD. Suicide risk is greater in outdoor workers and veterans, both with greater LAD exposure. Multiple studies demonstrate many infections and the associated proinflammatory cytokines, inflammatory-mediated metabolic changes, and quinolinic acid and glutamate changes alter neural circuits which increase suicidality...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666986/social-anxiety-apps-a-systematic-review-and-assessment-of-app-descriptors-across-mobile-store-platforms
#20
REVIEW
Mohsen Alyami, Bachan Giri, Hussain Alyami, Frederick Sundram
QUESTION: The aim of this systematic review is twofold: (1) to characterise the purpose and description of available social anxiety apps and (2) to review the evidence on the effectiveness of social anxiety apps. STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS: A search was conducted on three major mobile platforms: Apple iTunes, Google Play and Windows Store. Apps were included if they addressed social anxiety and used an English language interface. A systematic review of the literature from MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Scopus and Web of Science to identify evidence-based evaluations of social anxiety apps was also undertaken...
June 30, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
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