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Obesity bariatric nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533070/maternal-and-paternal-periconceptional-nutrition-as-an-indicator-of-offspring-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-later-life-through-epigenetic-imprinting-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Ashley R Dunford, Janice M Sangster
AIMS: This review examined whether maternal and paternal periconceptional nutrition effects an offspring's likelihood of developing chronic metabolic related conditions due to epigenetic imprinting. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in multiple science databases and limited to studies published after 2012, in English language and peer reviewed. The data from selected articles were extracted and a qualitative approach was employed due to heterogeneity of results...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508275/gross-olfaction-before-and-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass
#2
Carlos Zerrweck, Vannia Castañeda Gallardo, Carmen Calleja, Elisa Sepúlveda, Lizbeth Guilber
BACKGROUND: Obesity leads to olfaction alterations, and this can further impact food choices, appetite, and nutritional status. Bariatric procedures induce weight loss and change in taste and smell perception, but more information is needed, especially using objective olfaction tests. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted during 6 months, with candidates to laparoscopic gastric bypass at a single institution. A preoperative nasofibroscopy and gross smell identification test (The Pocket Smell Test ®) were performed in those meeting the inclusion criteria...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489160/nutritional-aspects-and-the-use-of-nutritional-supplements-by-women-who-underwent-gastric-bypass
#3
Elisangela Mara Trindade, Telma Souza E Silva Gebara, Maria Paula Carlini Cambi, Giorgio Alfredo Pedroso Baretta
Background: Bariatric surgery is deemed one of the most effective procedures for the treatment of obesity and it aims at the reduction and maintenance of weight loss in long term, as the control of the related comorbidities. Aim: Quantify the occurrence of alterations of the gastrointestinal tract, suggestive signs of nutritional deficiencies and the use of supplements in a group of women undergoing bariatric surgery. Methods: The sample consisted of women aged 20-65 years submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with monitoring equal to or higher than 24 months...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475603/the-impact-of-obesity-on-neuropsychological-functioning-in-adults-with-and-without-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Maria R Restivo, Margaret C McKinnon, Benicio N Frey, Geoffrey B Hall, Wasimuddin Syed, Valerie H Taylor
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests obesity exerts a negative impact on cognition. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is also linked to problems in cognitive functioning. Obesity is highly prevalent in individuals with MDD and is linked to a failure to return to a full level of functioning. The study's objective was to investigate the effect of obesity on cognitive impairment in participants with MDD. METHODS: This study compared cognitive performance in obese individuals with MDD and two control populations (obese individuals without a psychiatric illness and non-obese controls)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474869/improvements-in-chilean-patients-with-obesity-following-a-5-month-multidisciplinary-exercise-program-a-feasibility-study
#5
Pedro Delgado-Floody, Felipe Caamaño-Navarrete, Javier Gonzalez-Rivera, Johannes Fleckenstein, Winfried Banzer, Cristian Martinez Salazar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a multidisciplinary exercise program on physical fitness, metabolic profile and nutritional status of obese patients. METHODS: Seventeen women and four men (n=21, age 18 to 60 years), with severe obesity (BMI = 35-40 kg/m2, n=7), morbid obesity (BMI = 40-50 kg/m2, n=9), and super obesity (BMI > 50 kg/m2, n=5), took part in a physical exercise program with nutritional and psychological support. The intermittent physical exercise program was applied three times per week (1 hour/session), with 4-8 exercises with weights...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462893/cost-effectiveness-of-gastric-band-surgery-for-overweight-but-not-obese-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-u-s
#6
John M Wentworth, Kim M Dalziel, Paul E O'Brien, Paul Burton, Frackson Shaba, Philip M Clarke, Neda Laiteerapong, Wendy A Brown
AIM: To determine the cost-effectiveness of gastric band surgery in overweight but not obese people who receive standard diabetes care. METHOD: A microsimulation model (United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study outcomes model) was used to project diabetes outcomes and costs from a two-year Australian randomized trial of gastric band (GB) surgery in overweight but not obese people (BMI 25 to 30kg/m(2)) on to a comparable population of U.S. adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N=254)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446933/stress-as-a-factor-contributing-to-obesity-in-patients-qualified-for-bariatric-surgery-studies-in-a-selected-group-of-patients-a-pilot-study
#7
Iwona Boniecka, Helena Wileńska, Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Marzena Sekuła, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the incidence of obesity, especially extreme obesity, has significantly increased. It is connected with inappropriate lifestyle, including a high calorie diet, psychological and genetic factors, some medications, diseases or infectious factors. Nowadays, the consumption of food is not only to satisfy a physiological need, but also fulfils psychological needs. The most effective method of morbid obesity treatment is metabolic surgery. Moreover, food is considered to be a reward and method of coping with stress...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440518/-choice-of-bariatric-and-metabolic-surgical-procedures
#8
Hui Liang, Shibo Lin, Wei Guan
Bariatric and metabolic surgery has become the clinical hot topic of the treatment of metabolic syndromes including obesity and diabetes mellitus, but how to choose the appropriate surgical procedure remains the difficult problem in clinical practice. Clinical guidelines of American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery(ASMBS)(version 2013) introduced the procedures of bariatric and metabolic surgery mainly including biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch(BPD-DS), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy(LSG)...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436761/androgen-and-estrogen-shifts-in-men-before-and-after-bariatric-surgery-and-links-to-vitamins-and-trace-elements
#9
Alberto Rosenblatt, Joel Faintuch, Ivan Cecconello
Androgens and estrogens play a key role regarding sexual life and reproduction. Along with hypotestosteronemia, obese men exhibit a 2-fold increase in estradiol concentration, adversely infl uencing these parameters. Estrogens and adipokines also infl uence bone metabolism, exerting a direct effect on vitamin D, calcium homeostasis and bone health. Bariatric procedures normalize some sex hormones, and may reverse several obesity-related conditions. Estrogens levels may remain elevated postoperatively, and despite its protective effect on the skeleton, bariatric patients are more prone to fractures when compared to the general population...
April 24, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421792/micronutrient-supplementation-in-gastric-bypass-surgery-prospective-study-on-in%C3%AF-ammation-and-iron-metabolism-in-premenopausal-women
#10
Flávia Andréia Marin, Rozangela Verlengia, Alex Harley Crisp, Patrícia Fátima Sousa Novais, Irineu Rasera-Junior, Maria Rita Marques De Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Low-grade chronic inflammation in morbid obesity is associated with impaired iron metabolism. Bariatric surgery is effective in weight loss; however, it can induce specific nutritional deficiencies, such as iron, especially in premenopausal women. Alternatively, after surgery, there is an improvement in systemic inflammation, raising questions concerning the dosages of micronutrient supplementation. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effect of two micronutrient supplementation schemes before and 6 months after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery on inflammation and iron metabolism in premenopausal women...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318939/early-metabolic-improvement-after-bariatric-surgery-the-first-steps-toward-remission-of-type-2-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Thomas Grenier-Larouche, Anne-Marie Carreau, André C Carpentier
The introduction of bariatric surgery into clinical practice in the 1980s was followed by a relatively long watch-and-wait period before the very rapid accumulation of scientific literature, over the past decade, concerning its clinical effectiveness and safety and its mechanisms of action in the treatment of obesity. These surgical procedures now emerge as the most effective therapeutic modality to induce long-term remission of type 2 diabetes. Recent research has shed light on the potential mechanisms leading to the profound improvement of glucose homeostasis following most bariatric surgery procedures...
March 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298280/nutritional-recommendations-for-adult-bariatric-surgery-patients-clinical-practice
#12
REVIEW
Shiri Sherf Dagan, Ariela Goldenshluger, Inbal Globus, Chaya Schweiger, Yafit Kessler, Galit Kowen Sandbank, Tair Ben-Porat, Tali Sinai
Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective treatment for morbid obesity and its associated metabolic complications. To ensure long-term postoperative success, patients must be prepared to adopt comprehensive lifestyle changes. This review summarizes the current evidence and expert opinions with regard to nutritional care in the perioperative and long-term postoperative periods. A literature search was performed with the use of different lines of searches for narrative reviews. Nutritional recommendations are divided into 3 main sections: 1) presurgery nutritional evaluation and presurgery diet and supplementation; 2) postsurgery diet progression, eating-related behaviors, and nutritional therapy for common gastrointestinal symptoms; and 3) recommendations for lifelong supplementation and advice for nutritional follow-up...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286039/impact-of-spanish-language-information-sessions-on-spanish-speaking-patients-seeking-bariatric-surgery
#13
Allison N Martin, Miguel Marino, Marie Killerby, Liliana Rosselli-Risal, Kellene A Isom, Malcolm K Robinson
BACKGROUND: Bariatric centers frequently provide preoperative educational programs to inform patients about the risks and benefits of weight loss surgery. However, most programs are conducted in English, which may create barriers to effective treatment and access to care for non-English speaking populations. To address this concern, we instituted a comprehensive Spanish-language education program consisting of preoperative information and group nutrition classes conducted entirely in, and supported with Spanish-language materials...
January 11, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271457/insulin-growth-factor-1-correlates-with-higher-bone-mineral-density-and-lower-inflammation-status-in-obese-adult-subjects
#14
Rachele Fornari, Chiara Marocco, Davide Francomano, Simona Fittipaldi, Carla Lubrano, Viviana M Bimonte, Lorenzo M Donini, Emanuele Nicolai, Antonio Aversa, Andrea Lenzi, Emanuela A Greco, Silvia Migliaccio
PURPOSE: Obesity is a severe public health problem worldwide, leading to an insulin-resistant state in liver, adipose, and muscle tissue, representing a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. We have shown that abdominal obesity is associated with homeostasis derangement, linked to several hormonal and paracrine factors. Data regarding potential link between GH/IGF1 axis, bone mineral density, and inflammation in obesity are lacking. Thus, aim of this study was to evaluate correlation among IGF-1, BMD, and inflammation in obese individuals...
March 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255977/remission-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-after-bariatric-surgery-comparison-between-procedures
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
María L Fernández-Soto, Ana Martín-Leyva, Amalia González-Jiménez, Jesús García-Rubio, Antonio Cózar-Ibáñez, Francisco J Zamora-Camacho, María S Leyva-Martínez, Jose A Jiménez-Ríos, Fernándo Escobar-Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to assess the mid-term type 2 diabetes mellitus recovery patterns in morbidly obese patients by comparing some relevant physiological parameters of patients of bariatric surgery between two types of surgical procedures: mixed (roux-en-Y gastric bypass and biliopancreatic diversion) and restrictive (sleeve gastrectomy). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a prospective and observational study of co-morbid, type 2 diabetes mellitus evolution in 49 morbidly obese patients: 37 underwent mixed surgery procedures and 12 a restrictive surgery procedure...
2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242319/white-paper-aga-power-practice-guide-on-obesity-and%C3%A2-weight-management-education-and-resources
#16
REVIEW
Andres Acosta, Sarah Streett, Mathew D Kroh, Lawrence J Cheskin, Katherine H Saunders, Marina Kurian, Marsha Schofield, Sarah E Barlow, Louis Aronne
The epidemic of obesity continues at alarming rates, with a high burden to our economy and society. The American Gastroenterological Association understands the importance of embracing obesity as a chronic, relapsing disease and supports a multidisciplinary approach to the management of obesity. Because gastrointestinal disorders resulting from obesity are more frequent and often present sooner than type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease, gastroenterologists have an opportunity to address obesity and provide an effective therapy early...
May 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237561/evolution-of-endoscopic-treatment-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-leaks-from-partially-covered-to-long-fully-covered-stents
#17
Fabio Garofalo, Maxime Noreau-Nguyen, Ronald Denis, Henri Atlas, Pierre Garneau, Radu Pescarus
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become a widely accepted option in the treatment of morbid obesity. Gastric leaks after SG occur in .9%-2.2% of the patients, mostly at the gastroesophageal junction. The current treatment algorithm includes drainage, antibiotics, nutritional support, and endoluminal control. OBJECTIVES: Our hypothesis is that long, fully covered stents represent a safe, effective solution for SG leaks. SETTING: University hospital...
December 26, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230654/surgical-endoscopy-versus-endoscopic-surgery-for-obesity
#18
Bogdan Silviu Ungureanu, Ştefan Pătraşcu, Valeriu Şurlin, Adrian Săftoiu
BACKGROUND: Obesity treatment options are of great interest worldwide with major developments in the past 20 years. From general surgery to natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery intervention nowadays, obesity surgical therapies have surely developed and are now offering a variety of possibilities. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: Although surgery is the only proven approach for weight loss, a joint decision between the physician and patient is required before proceeding to such a procedure...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220219/-the-way-from-cost-approval-to-bariatric-surgery-analysis-of-resource-utilization-in-a%C3%A2-maximum-care-hospital
#19
F Nickel, C Tapking, U Zech, K Huennemeyer, A T Billeter, P C Müller, H G Kenngott, B P Müller-Stich, L Fischer
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is a medical and economic challenge. Patients who have the indications for bariatric surgery face a long way from the first visit until surgery and a high utilization of resources is required. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to evaluate labor costs and labor time required to supervise obese patients from their first visit until preparation of a bariatric report to ask for cost acceptance of bariatric surgery from their health insurance...
February 20, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202272/long-term-nutritional-status-in-patients-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery
#20
Kemal Dogan, Jens Homan, Edo O Aarts, Hans de Boer, Cees J H M van Laarhoven, Frits J Berends
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for obesity. However, it also leads to multiple nutritional deficiencies. Much is known about the short term prevalence, but hardly any long term data is available on deficiencies. The aim of this study was to assess the long term outcome of nutritional status after RYGB. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data obtained from 51 morbidly obese patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic RYGB...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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