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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652794/the-voice-of-the-heart-vowel-like-sound-in-pulmonary-artery-hypertension
#1
Mohamed Elgendi, Prashant Bobhate, Shreepal Jain, Long Guo, Jennifer Rutledge, Yashu Coe, Roger Zemp, Dale Schuurmans, Ian Adatia
Increased blood pressure in the pulmonary artery is referred to as pulmonary hypertension and often is linked to loud pulmonic valve closures. For the purpose of this paper, it was hypothesized that pulmonary circulation vibrations will create sounds similar to sounds created by vocal cords during speech and that subjects with pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) could have unique sound signatures across four auscultatory sites. Using a digital stethoscope, heart sounds were recorded at the cardiac apex, 2nd left intercostal space (2LICS), 2nd right intercostal space (2RICS), and 4th left intercostal space (4LICS) undergoing simultaneous cardiac catheterization...
April 13, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642694/integrated-quadruple-stress-echocardiography
#2
Eugenio Picano, Doralisa Morrone, Maria C Scali, Alda Huqi, Katia Coviello, Quirino Ciampi
Stress Echocardiography (SE) is an established diagnostic technique. For 40 years, the cornerstone of the technique has been the detection of regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA), due to the underlying physiologically-relevant epicardial coronary artery stenosis. In the last decade, three new parameters (more objective than RWMA) have shown the potential to integrate and comple- ment RWMA: 1- B-lines, also known as ultrasound lung comets, as a marker of extra-vascular lung water, measured using lung ultrasound with the 4-site simplified scan symmetrically of the antero- lateral thorax on the third intercostal space, from mid-axillary to anterior axillary and mid- clavicular line; 2-left ventricular contractile reserve (LVCR), assessed as the peak stress/rest ratio of left ventricular force, also known as elastance (systolic arterial pressure by cuff sphygmomanome- ter/end-systolic volume from 2D echocardiography); 3- coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) on left anterior descending coronary artery, calculated as peak stress/rest ratio of diastolic peak flow velocity assessed using pulsed-wave Doppler...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620622/cc1-emergent-endovascular-repair-of-a-ruptured-descending-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-in-an-arresting-patient
#3
Warren Naselsky, Charles F Evans, Brody Wehman, Bradley S Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to present a case of emergent endovascular repair of a ruptured descending aortic aneurysm in an actively arresting patient. PATIENT: The patient was a 75-year-old woman with a known history of a 6.5-cm descending thoracic aortic aneurysm with acute onset of back pain and syncope. A computed tomographic angiogram revealed disruption of the descending thoracic aorta and a mediastinal hematoma. The patient was taken emergently to the operating room...
April 4, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600049/three-dimensional-computed-tomography-reconstruction-for-operative-planning-in-robotic-segmentectomy-a-pilot-study
#4
Julien Le Moal, Christophe Peillon, Jean-Nicolas Dacher, Jean-Marc Baste
Background: The objective of our pilot study was to assess if three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction performed by Visible Patient™ could be helpful for the operative planning, efficiency and safety of robot-assisted segmentectomy. Methods: Between 2014 and 2015, 3D reconstructions were provided by the Visible Patient™ online service and used for the operative planning of robotic segmentectomy. To obtain 3D reconstruction, the surgeon uploaded the anonymized computed tomography (CT) image of the patient to the secured Visible Patient™ server and then downloaded the model after completion...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571759/a-rare-case-of-posterior-circulation-stroke-caused-by-bronchial-artery-embolization
#5
Taha Nisar
Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) is an effective treatment for massive hemoptysis. Stroke is a rare complication of BAE, with only a few cases reported in the literature. We report one such case. Posterior circulation strokes after BAE can be caused by connections between the vertebral arteries and the bronchial arteries (shunting between pulmonary and systemic circulations), backflow of embolization material from the bronchial or intercostal arteries to the subclavian artery or through backflow of emblospheres into the aortic lumen leading to subsequent embolization of the cerebral circulation...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552521/video-assisted-right-mini-thoracotomy-for-aortic-valve-replacement
#6
Carl A Johnson, Amber L Melvin, Brandon F Lebow, Amanda Yap, Peter A Knight
Aortic valve replacement through minimally invasive access is increasing. These procedures have several advantages over conventional sternotomy including decreased intensive care unit and hospital length of stay and decreased ventilation time. The right anterior mini-thoracotomy (RAM) approach is potentially attractive in that it completely spares the sternum leading to improved cosmesis, reduced blood loss, and improved patient satisfaction. However, this approach is underutilized due to anticipated technical challenges including difficulty with visualization and annular suture placement...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552520/video-assisted-right-mini-thoracotomy-for-aortic-root-replacement
#7
Carl A Johnson, Katherine L Wood, Amber L Melvin, Brandon F Lebow, Peter A Knight
Aortic root replacement is typically performed through a median sternotomy. The right anterior mini-thoracotomy approach has been shown to decrease hospital length of stay in aortic valve surgery when compared to sternotomy. This approach is rare in ascending aortic surgery due to technical challenges which include exposure and annular suture placement. Automated suturing technology is now available to facilitate the placement of annular sutures. The use of a camera greatly enhances visualization of the aortic root...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541697/quantitative-digital-subtraction-angiography-to-localize-intercostal-arteries-during-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#8
Giovanni Tinelli, Fabrizio Minelli, Francesca De Nigris, Andrea Flex
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532168/common-trunk-of-the-posterior-intercostal-arteries-from-the-thoracic-aorta-anatomical-variation-frequency-and-importance-in-individuals
#9
Lidija Kocbek, Mateja Rakuša
PURPOSE: A common trunk of the posterior intercostal arteries originating from the descending thoracic aorta is normally an anatomical variation. A search through the literature disclosed the frequencies of common trunks variations among population, but no information relates to particular topic of simultaneous multiple common trunks of the PIA present in individuals. METHODS: A total of 396 intercostal spaces were dissected in 44 cadavers from the vertebral body to the mid-axillary line to observe a common trunk of the paired posterior intercostal artery at the level from T2 to T11 intercostal space...
March 12, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516961/role-of-inferior-phrenic-artery-in-the-interventional-treatment-of-lung-metastases-tumor-a-report-of-11-cases
#10
Lin-Zhong Zhu, Ren-Jie Yang, Xu Zhu
Background: Lung metastases have been very common in advanced cancer, which were observed in 30%-40% of cancer cases. Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is one of the choice for treating lung cancer. In our center, 119 cases of lung metastases were treated with TACE, and we found that inferior phrenic artery (IPA) played an important role in this procedure. Materials and Methods: From June 2011 to June 2015, 119 cases with malignant lung metastases received TACE procedure in our center...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485566/large-scale-skin-resurfacing-of-the-upper-extremity-in-pediatric-patients-using-a-pre-expanded-intercostal-artery-perforator-flap
#11
Jiao Wei, Tanja Herrler, Bin Gu, Mei Yang, Qingfeng Li, Chuanchang Dai, Feng Xie
BACKGROUND: The repair of extensive upper limb skin lesions in pediatric patients is extremely challenging due to substantial limitations of flap size and donor-site morbidity. We aimed to create an oversize preexpanded flap based on intercostal artery perforators for large-scale resurfacing of the upper extremity in children. METHOD: Between March 2013 and August 2016, 11 patients underwent reconstructive treatment for extensive skin lesions in the upper extremity using a preexpanded intercostal artery perforator flap...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483464/-surgical-experience-of-distal-aortic-arch-aneurysm-suspected-to-be-associated-with-pre-existing-coarctation-of-the-aorta
#12
Yoshinori Kuroda, Tetsuro Uchida, Azumi Hamasaki, Atsushi Yamashita, Masahiro Mizumoto, Jun Hayashi, Ai Ishizawa, Kentaro Akabane, Mitsuaki Sadahiro
A 45 year-old-man who had undergone ventricular septal defect repair during childhood presented with hoarseness. He was diagnosed as having a distal aortic arch aneurysm by using computed tomography, and was referred to our hospital for surgical treatment. The operation was performed via a 4th intercostal thoracotomy in the right lateral position. The aortic aneurysm occupied the upper pleural cavity. The aortic arch was pressed up by the aortic aneurysm, so visual identification and clamping of the proximal aorta and the left subclavian artery were extremely difficult...
February 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464151/the-pedicled-licap-flap-combined-with-a-free-abdominal-flap-in-autologous-breast-reconstructions
#13
Thomas Sjøberg, Louis de Weerd
Background: Previous surgery or slim body configuration can limit the size of the available abdominal flap in autologous breast reconstruction. However, redundant skin and subcutaneous tissue lateral to the mastectomy site can be utilized as the pedicled lateral intercostal artery perforator (LICAP) flap. This study evaluates the combination of a free abdominal flap and a pedicled LICAP flap to achieve increased breast size and improved cosmetic outcome. Methods: Patients undergoing secondary autologous breast reconstruction were included in a prospective study...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452717/evaluation-of-the-mobility-of-the-shoulder-and-quality-of-life-after-perforator-flaps-for-recalcitrant-axillary-hidradenitis
#14
R Nail-Barthelemy, N Stroumza, Q Qassemyar, M Delage, A Nassif, M Atlan
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a very debilitating disease, treated by antibiotics and excision. The reconstruction is usually done by secondary wound healing and/or split-thichness skin graft. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reconstruction of the axilla with local perforator flaps as a single stage surgical treatment. METHODS: This was a monocentric retrospective study conducted between November 2013 and June 2015. We included the patients with a severe axillary localization of the disease...
February 13, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445537/neural-respiratory-drive-and-cardiac-function-in-patients-with-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-following-initiation-of-non-invasive-ventilation
#15
Angelo Onofri, Maxime Patout, Georgios Kaltsakas, Elodie Lhuillier, Sitali Mushemi-Blake, Gill Arbane, Martino F Pengo, Philip Marino, Joerg Steier
Background: Chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure (HRF) in obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is commonly treated using non-invasive ventilation (NIV). We hypothesised that treatment of OHS would improve neural respiratory drive index (NRDI) and cardiac function. Methods: Fourteen patients (8 females) with OHS, who were admitted for initiation of domiciliary NIV, were prospectively studied. Patients had (mean ± SD): age (53±10 years), body mass index (BMI) (50...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398314/infrarenal-aortic-repair-with-or-without-false-lumen-intentional-placement-of-endografts-for-hybrid-management-of-complex-aortic-dissection
#16
William J Quinones-Baldrich, Taimur Saleem, Adam Oskowitz
OBJECTIVE: Aortic dissection (AD) often involves the infrarenal aorta. We review our experience with open infrarenal aortic repair with or without false lumen intentional placement (FLIP) of endografts in the proximal dissected aorta as part of a hybrid strategy to treat complex AD. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing intervention for AD was reviewed. Data regarding diagnosis, imaging features, nature of the infrarenal repair (one- vs two-stage procedure), endoleaks, need for additional interventions, morbidity, and mortality were collected...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397970/-intercostal-artery-reimplantation-with-saphenous-vein-during-thoracoabdominal-aortic-replacement-excellent-idea-but%C3%A2
#17
EDITORIAL
Jean Bachet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395204/intercostal-artery-management-in-thoracoabdominal-aortic-surgery-to-reattach-or-not-to-reattach
#18
Rana O Afifi, Harleen K Sandhu, Syed T Zaidi, Ernest Trinh, Akiko Tanaka, Charles C Miller, Hazim J Safi, Anthony L Estrera
BACKGROUND: The need for intercostal artery (ICA) reattachment in surgery for descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (DTAA) or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) remains controversial. We reviewed our experience over a 14-year period to assess the effects of ICA management on neurologic outcome after DTAA/TAAA repair. METHODS: Intraoperative data were reviewed to ascertain the status of T3-12 ICAs and L1-4 ICAs. Arteries were classified as reattached, ligated, occluded, or not exposed...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363317/in-situ-left-sided-bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-elevated-hemidiaphragm
#19
Oren Lev-Ran, Dan Abrahamov, Nina Baram, Menachem Matsa, Yaron Ishai, Ohad Gabai, Yael Refaely, Mahmud Abu Salah, Gideon Sahar
Background Procurement of the internal thoracic artery risks ipsilateral phrenic nerve injury and elevated hemidiaphragm. Anatomical variations increase the risk on the right side. Patients receiving left-sided in-situ right internal thoracic artery configurations appear to be at greatest risk. Methods From 2014 to 2016, 432 patients undergoing left-sided in-situ bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting were grouped according to right internal thoracic artery configuration: retroaortic via transverse sinus (77%) or ante-aortic (23%); targets were the circumflex and left anterior descending artery territories, respectively...
February 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360994/the-risk-of-spinal-cord-injury-during-the-frozen-elephant-trunk-procedure-in-acute-aortic-dissection
#20
Boris N Kozlov, Dmitri S Panfilov, Igor V Ponomarenko, Andrey G Miroshnichenko, Aleksandra A Nenakhova, Alexander I Maksimov, Vladimir M Shipulin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to access the extended occlusion of the intercostal arteries by a stent graft in the development of postoperative spinal cord injury during aortic arch surgery using the frozen elephant trunk technique. METHODS: A total of 37 consecutive patients underwent total aortic arch surgery using the frozen elephant trunk technique between March 2012 and July 2017. The mean age of the patients was 54.7 ± 10.5 years. Type A and Type B aortic dissections were the indications for surgery...
January 17, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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