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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219727/economic-botany-collections-a-source-of-material-evidence-for-exploring-historical-changes-in-chinese-medicinal-materials
#1
Eric Brand, Christine Leon, Mark Nesbitt, Ping Guo, Ran Huang, Hubiao Chen, Li Liang, Zhongzhen Zhao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Many Chinese medicinal materials (CMMs) have changed over centuries of use, particularly in terms of their botanical identity and processing methods. In some cases, these changes have important implications for safety and efficacy in modern clinical practice. As most previous research has focused on clarifying the evolution of CMMs by analyzing traditional Chinese materia medica ("bencao") literature, assessments of historical collections are needed to validate these conclusions with material evidence...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201652/experimental-botany-in-2017
#2
Christine Raines, Mary Traynor, Jonathan Ingram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197520/a-mini-review-on-the-most-important-effective-medicinal-plants-to-treat-hypertension-in-ethnobotanical-evidence-of-iran
#3
REVIEW
Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi, Majid Asadi-Samani
Nowadays, cardiovascular diseases are highly prevalent in human communities. Hypertension is a multifactorial disease which causes a mortality twice higher than general population. Given the fact that medicinal plants have long been used to treat hypertension and are currently being administered for this disease, we sought to report the mostly effective and important medicinal plants on hypertension therapy in ethno-botanical evidence of Iran. In this study, hypertension, Iran, ethno-botany, medicinal plants, and traditional medicine were used as key words to search in Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, EBSCO and EMBASE to select relevant articles...
2017: J Nephropharmacol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163970/garcinia-subelliptica-merr-fukugi-a-multipurpose-coastal-tree-with-promising-medicinal-properties
#4
REVIEW
Tomomi Inoue, Mami Kainuma, Karin Baba, Nozomi Oshiro, Norimi Kimura, Eric Wei Chiang Chan
In this short review, the current knowledge on the botany, ecology, uses, and medicinal properties of the multipurpose Garcinia subelliptica (Fukugi) is updated. As yet, there are no reviews on this indigenous and heritage coastal tree species of the Ryukyu Islands in Japan, which has ethnocultural, ecological, and pharmacological significance. Planted by the Okinawan people some 300 years ago, Fukugi trees serve as windbreaks and accord protection against the destructive typhoons. The species has become a popular ornamental tree, and its bark has been used for dyeing fabrics...
January 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134341/identification-and-characterization-of-a-plastidic-adenine-nucleotide-uniporter-osbt1-3-required-for-chloroplast-development-in-the-early-leaf-stage-of-rice
#5
Daoheng Hu, Yang Li, Wenbin Jin, Hanyu Gong, Qiong He, Yangsheng Li
Chloroplast development is an important subject in botany. In this study, a rice (Oryza sativa) mutant exhibiting impairment in early chloroplast development (seedling leaf albino (sla)) was isolated from a filial generation via hybridization breeding. The sla mutant seedlings have an aberrant form of chloroplasts, which resulted in albinism at the first and second leaves; however, the leaf sheath was green. The mutant gradually turned green after the two-leaf stage, and the third leaf was a normal shade of green...
January 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120229/phytochemistry-of-cannabis-sativa-l
#6
Mahmoud A ElSohly, Mohamed M Radwan, Waseem Gul, Suman Chandra, Ahmed Galal
Cannabis (Cannabis sativa, or hemp) and its constituents-in particular the cannabinoids-have been the focus of extensive chemical and biological research for almost half a century since the discovery of the chemical structure of its major active constituent, Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC). The plant's behavioral and psychotropic effects are attributed to its content of this class of compounds, the cannabinoids, primarily Δ(9)-THC, which is produced mainly in the leaves and flower buds of the plant...
2017: Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999402/a-review-of-the-botany-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology-of-rubiae-radix-et-rhizoma
#7
REVIEW
Mingqiu Shan, Sheng Yu, Hui Yan, Peidong Chen, Li Zhang, Anwei Ding
Rubia cordifolia Linn (Rubiaceae) is a climbing perennial herbal plant, which is widely distributed in China and India. Its root and rhizome, Rubiae Radix et Rhizoma (called Qiancao in China and Indian madder in India), is a well known phytomedicine used for hematemesis, epistaxis, flooding, spotting, traumatic bleeding, amenorrhea caused by obstruction, joint impediment pain, swelling and pain caused by injuries from falls. In addition, it is a kind of pigment utilized as a food additive and a dye for wool or fiber...
December 20, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990606/geochemical-assessment-of-trace-element-pollution-in-surface-sediments-from-the-georges-river-southern-sydney-australia
#8
Yasir M Alyazichi, Brian G Jones, Errol McLean, Joel Pease, Heidi Brown
Measurement of elevated trace elements is an important component of environmental assessment and management of estuarine marine sediments in systems adjacent to concentrated human activity. The present study surveys the estuarine sediments in selected tributary bays, creeks, and the upper segments of the Georges River system, NSW, Australia, which flows into the Tasman Sea through Botany Bay. A total of 146 surface sediment samples were analysed by X-ray fluorescence. Potential pollution of sediments was evaluated using potential load index, modified degree of contamination, and potential ecological risk index...
February 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974325/one-hundred-and-twenty-five-years-of-the-annals-of-botany-part-2-the-years-1937-to-2012
#9
Michael B Jackson
BACKGROUND: Annals of Botany is a peer-reviewed plant biology journal. It was started in 1887, making it the oldest continuously published plant science title. A previous article [Jackson MB. 2015. One hundred and twenty-five years of the Annals of Botany Part 1: the first 50 years (1887-1936). Annals of Botany 115: : 1-18] summarized events leading to its founding, highlighted the individuals involved and examined the Journal's achievements and management practices over the first 50 years to 1937...
December 2016: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794507/a-novel-survey-of-the-ethno-medicinal-knowledge-of-dental-problems-in-manoor-valley-northern-himalaya-pakistan
#10
Inayat Ur Rahman, Farhana Ijaz, Zafar Iqbal, Aftab Afzal, Niaz Ali, Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Azhar Khan, Said Muhammad, Ghulam Qadir, Muhammad Asif
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In the study area, the traditional knowledge and cultural practices of utilizing medicinal plants in the human healthcare is primarily restricted to the old age members of the community, while younger generation is mostly unaware of the natural wealth usage. AIM OF THE STUDY: We provide the first ever ethno medicinal insights into the management of dental disorders in Pakistan. The prime objective of the study was to explore novel knowledge of these local and remote community members and share it with rest of the world in documented form...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773803/the-genus-boschniakia-in-china-an-ethnopharmacological-and-phytochemical-review
#11
REVIEW
Le Zhang, Yunshan Zhao, Zhipeng A Wang, Kunhua Wei, Bin Qiu, Chunhong Zhang, QiYan Wang-Müller, Minhui Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As a group of important medicine plants, Boschniakia rossica (Cham. et Schltdl) Fedtsch. and B. himalaica Hook.f.et Thoms, which are the only two species in the genus Boschniakia (Orobanchaceae), have long been used in traditional Chinese medicine for their multiple therapeutic uses related to enhanced renal function, erectile dysfunction, defaecate and hepatoprotective. Additionally, the two species are also used as dietary supplements in wine, cosmetics, and other healthy food...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773801/a-review-of-ethnoboatany-therapeutic-value-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-crinum-macowanii-baker-a-highly-traded-bulbous-plant-in-southern-africa
#12
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Crinum macowanii is a deciduous bulbous plant which grows in east, central and southern Africa. Crinum macowanii has been used as herbal medicine by the indigenous people of east and southern Africa has for several centuries. The bulb, leaves and roots of C. macowanii are reported to possess diverse medicinal properties and used to treat or manage various human and animal diseases and ailments throughout its distributional range. Crinum macowanii is used traditionally as a remedy for boils, diarrhoea, fever, inflammation, respiratory system problems, skin rashes, tuberculosis, wounds and urinary tract problems...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739811/plastic-deformation-of-tubular-crystals-by-dislocation-glide
#13
Daniel A Beller, David R Nelson
Tubular crystals, two-dimensional lattices wrapped into cylindrical topologies, arise in many contexts, including botany and biofilaments, and in physical systems such as carbon nanotubes. The geometrical principles of botanical phyllotaxis, describing the spiral packings on cylinders commonly found in nature, have found application in all these systems. Several recent studies have examined defects in tubular crystals associated with crystalline packings that must accommodate a fixed tube radius. Here we study the mechanics of tubular crystals with variable tube radius, with dislocations interposed between regions of different phyllotactic packings...
September 2016: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731836/review-glycyrrhiza-glabra-l-liquorice
#14
REVIEW
Ghulam Dastagir, Muhammad Afzal Rizvi
Medicinal plants are being used for treating various diseases. According to World Health Organization 80% of the world population depends on indigenous medicinal plant remedies. Herbal medicine employs fruits, vegetables, as dry materials or their extracts for the treatment of different diseases and health maintenance. Glycyrrhiza glabra (Liquorice) has been used in Europe since prehistoric times. It is well documented in written form starting with the ancient Greeks. Glycyrrhizin is the major active constituent obtained from liquorice roots, one of the most widely used in herbal preparations for the treatment of liver complaints...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729284/chemical-characterisation-and-the-anti-inflammatory-anti-angiogenic-and-antibacterial-properties-of-date-fruit-phoenix-dactylifera-l
#15
REVIEW
Hajer Taleb, Sarah E Maddocks, R Keith Morris, Ara D Kanekanian
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Date fruit, Phoenix dactylifera L. has traditionally been used as a medicine in many cultures for the treatment of a range of ailments such as stomach and intestinal disorders, fever, oedema, bronchitis and wound healing. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The present review aims to summarise the traditional use and application of P. dactylifera date fruit in different ethnomedical systems, additionally the botany and phytochemistry are identified...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719666/cannabis-a-treasure-trove-or-pandora-s-box
#16
Katalin Solymosi, Attila Köfalvi
Cannabis is one of the earliest cultivated plants. Cannabis of industrial utility and culinary value is generally termed as hemp. Conversely, cannabis that is bred for medical, spiritual and recreational purposes is called marijuana. The female marijuana plant produces a significant quantity of bio- and psychoactive phytocannabinoids, which regained the spotlight with the discovery of the endocannabinoid system of the animals in the early 90's. Nevertheless, marijuana is surrounded by controversies, debates and misconceptions related to its taxonomic classification, forensic identification, medical potential, legalization and its long-term health consequences...
October 4, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561112/microsatellite-markers-what-they-mean-and-why-they-are-so-useful
#17
Maria Lucia Carneiro Vieira, Luciane Santini, Augusto Lima Diniz, Carla de Freitas Munhoz
Microsatellites or Single Sequence Repeats (SSRs) are extensively employed in plant genetics studies, using both low and high throughput genotyping approaches. Motivated by the importance of these sequences over the last decades this review aims to address some theoretical aspects of SSRs, including definition, characterization and biological function. The methodologies for the development of SSR loci, genotyping and their applications as molecular markers are also reviewed. Finally, two data surveys are presented...
July 2016: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494201/microsatellite-markers-what-they-mean-and-why-they-are-so-useful
#18
Maria Lucia Carneiro Vieira, Luciane Santini, Augusto Lima Diniz, Carla de Freitas Munhoz
Microsatellites or Single Sequence Repeats (SSRs) are extensively employed in plant genetics studies, using both low and high throughput genotyping approaches. Motivated by the importance of these sequences over the last decades this review aims to address some theoretical aspects of SSRs, including definition, characterization and biological function. The methodologies for the development of SSR loci, genotyping and their applications as molecular markers are also reviewed. Finally, two data surveys are presented...
August 4, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491484/water-ascent-in-trees-and-lianas-the-cohesion-tension-theory-revisited-in-the-wake-of-otto-renner
#19
REVIEW
Friedrich-Wilhelm Bentrup
The cohesion-tension theory of water ascent (C-T) has been challenged over the past decades by a large body of experimental evidence obtained by means of several minimum or non-invasive techniques. The evidence strongly suggests that land plants acquire water through interplay of several mechanisms covered by the multi-force theory of (U. Zimmermann et al. New Phytologist 162: 575-615, 2004). The diversity of mechanisms includes, for instance, water acquisition by inverse transpiration and thermodynamically uphill transmembrane water secretion by cation-chloride cotransporters (L...
August 4, 2016: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485866/-historical-textual-research-on-shan-biandou-with-discussion-on-the-misnaming-of-plant-title
#20
J B Li
The original plants of Shan biandou, first seen in Jiu huang ben cao (Materia Medica for Relief of Famines), include the plants of Astragalusgenus, such as A. scaberrimus and/or A. complanatus in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. But Cassia mimosoides was named as Shan biandou by Japanese scholars in the 19th century. This mistaken identification and misnaming, still in use today in Chinese and Japanese circles of botany and materia medica, did cause some confusion. The merits and demerits of using the plant names in Chinese characters from the Japanese language by Chinese botanists were analyzed, the disadvantages of which should be well avoided...
May 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
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