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Kaya M Wilson, Hannah E Power
This paper describes three datasets of seamless bathymetry and coastal topography for Sydney Harbour (Port Jackson), Botany and Bate Bays, and the Hawkesbury River. The datasets used to form these compilations were the most recent and highest quality available to the authors and were originally collated using the software ESRI ArcGIS. The original compilation of this data was undertaken to support tsunami modelling research by the authors of this paper. Before processing, all data were adjusted and/or reprojected to conform to the vertical datum Australian Height Datum (AHD) and horizontal projection WGS84 UTM zone 56...
June 19, 2018: Scientific Data
Kai-Qing Lu, Gan Xie, Min Li, Jin-Feng Li, Anjali Trivedi, David K Ferguson, Yi-Feng Yao, Yu-Fei Wang
The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Pollen spectrum, a cornerstone for tracing the evolution of the eastern central Asian desert" (JQSR 5260) (Lu et al., 2018) [1] In this paper, we supply a dataset, which provides a descriptive and general summary of pollen characteristic of desert dominant species in the eastern arid central Asia (ACA). The other important component is the illustration on pollen grains traits under light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Bartosz M Pencakowski, Miron Tokarski, Anna Jonkisz, Matylda Czosnykowska-Łukacka, Ewa Lenard, Małgorzata Małodobra-Mazur
AIM OF THE STUDY: Forensic botany demands tools to verify the value of plant-origin evidence brought into the process of criminal investigation. Molecular biology provides techniques for comparing material from the crime scene with other biological material of evidence. In this paper, we propose a set of seven markers based on Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) loci for DNA profiling of Quercus spp. STR markers of the highest observed heterozygosity were selected, according to available literature...
2018: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Jingli Wu, Qian Zhang
Background: Haplotype assembly, reconstructing haplotypes from sequence data, is one of the major computational problems in bioinformatics. Most of the current methodologies for haplotype assembly are designed for diploid individuals. In recent years, genomes having more than two sets of homologous chromosomes have attracted many research groups that are interested in the genomics of disease, phylogenetics, botany and evolution. However, there is still a lack of methods for reconstructing polyploid haplotypes...
2018: Algorithms for Molecular Biology: AMB
Ivana Kovacic, Dragi Radomirovic, Miodrag Zukovic, Benka Pavel, Milutin Nikolic
This study presents quantitative and qualitative insights into the analysis of data obtained by tracking the motion of reflective markers arranged along the trunk of a pole-like potted tree, which was recorded by a state-of-the-art infrared motion-tracking system. The experimental results showed in-plane damped trajectories of the markers with lateral displacements, i.e. out-of-plane vibrations of the tree under consideration. To explain such response and to determine the corresponding oscillatory characteristics, a completely new and original utilisation of the recorded in-plane damped trajectories is presented...
June 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiankuo Yu, Liying Tang, Hongwei Wu, Xiao Zhang, Hanyan Luo, Rixin Guo, Mengying Xu, Hongjun Yang, Jianwei Fan, Zhuju Wang, Ruiqiang Su
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Trichosanthis Fructus (ripe fruits of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim. and Trichosanthes rosthornii Harms) is an essential traditional Chinese medicine to treat thoracic obstruction, angina, cardiac failure, myocardial infarction, pulmonary heart disease, some cerebral ischaemic diseases, etc. The present report reviews the advancements in research on the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Trichosanthis Fructus. Finally, perspectives on future research and its possible directions are discussed...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Rambod Abiri, Abraão Lincoln Macedo Silva, Ludmilla Santos Silva de Mesquita, José Wilson Carvalho de Mesquita, Narges Atabaki, Eduardo Bezerra de Almeida, Noor Azmi Shaharuddin, Sonia Malik
Artemisia vulgaris is one of the important medicinal plant species of the genus Artemisia, which is usually known for its volatile oils. The genus Artemisia has become the subject of great interest due to its chemical and biological diversity as well as the discovery and isolation of promising anti-malarial drug artemisinin. A. vulgaris has a long history in treatment of human ailments by medicinal plants in various parts of the world. This medicinal plant possesses a broad spectrum of therapeutic properties including: anti-malarial, anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertensive, anti-oxidant, anti-tumoral, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, anti-spasmodic and anti-septic...
July 2018: Food Research International
Ulrich Kutschera, Karl J Niklas
The year 2018 marks the 150th anniversary of the first publication of Julius von Sachs' (1832-1897) Lehrbuch der Botanik (Textbook of Botany), which provided a comprehensive summary of what was then known about the plant sciences. Three years earlier, in 1865, Sachs produced the equally impressive Handbuch der Experimental-Physiologie der Pflanzen (Handbook of Experimental Plant Physiology), which summarized the state of knowledge in all aspects of the discipline known today as plant physiology. Both of these books provided numerous insights based on Sachs' seminal experiments...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Botany
Alfred Maroyi
Syzygium cordatum is a valuable medicinal plant in the materia medica of east and southern Africa. The aim of this study was to review the botany, medicinal uses, phytochemistry and ethnopharmacological properties of S. cordatum . Relevant literature search was carried out using internet sources such as ACS, Web of Science, Wiley, SpringerLink, Scopus, Mendeley, Google Scholar, Pubmed, SciFinder, BioMed Central, Science Direct and Elsevier. Other literature sources were conference papers, book chapters, books, theses and websites...
May 4, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Wahid Hussain, Lal Badshah, Manzoor Ullah, Maroof Ali, Asghar Ali, Farrukh Hussain
BACKGROUND: The residents of remote areas mostly depend on folk knowledge of medicinal plants to cure different ailments. The present study was carried out to document and analyze traditional use regarding the medicinal plants among communities residing in Koh-e-Safaid Range northern Pakistani-Afghan border. METHODS: A purposive sampling method was used for the selection of informants, and information regarding the ethnomedicinal use of plants was collected through semi-structured interviews...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Xin Yu, Shuang Sun, Yuyan Guo, Yan Liu, Dayu Yang, Guoyu Li, Shaowa Lü
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium (Rutaceae, CRP), commonly called as Chenpi () in Chinese, is most frequently used as a qi-regulating drug in thousands of Chinese medicine prescriptions. CRP is found mainly in major citrus-producing areas such as the Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Fujian, and Zhejiang Provinces of China. Since thousands of years in China, CRP has been used widely in clinical practice to treat nausea, vomiting, indigestion, anepithymia, diarrhea, cough, expectoration, and so on...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mushtaq Ahmad, Khafsa Malik, Akash Tariq, Guolin Zhang, Ghulam Yaseen, Neelam Rashid, Shazia Sultana, Muhammad Zafar, Kifayat Ullah, Muhammad Pukhtoon Zada Khan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Himalayan paeony (Paeonia emodi Royle.) is an important species used to treat various diseases. This study aimed to compile the detailed traditional medicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicological investigations on P. emodi. This study also highlights taxonomic validity, quality of experimental designs and shortcomings in previously reported information on Himalayan paeony. METHODS: The data was extracted from unpublished theses (Pakistan, China, India and Nepal), and different published research articles confined to pharmacology, phytochemistry and antimicrobial activities using different databases through specific keywords...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Alex Mabou Tagne, Franca Marino, Marco Cosentino
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tithonia diversifolia (TD) is widely valued in several cultures for its medicinal properties. A comprehensive review of the current understanding of this plant species is required due to emerging concerns over its efficacy, toxicity and allergenic potential. AIM OF THE REVIEW: We critically summarized the current evidence on the botany, traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacology and safety of TD, with the view to provide perspectives for developing more attractive pharmaceuticals of plant origin, but also to lay a new foundation for further investigations on this plant...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Sayka Jahan, Vladimir Strezov
Sediments samples from six seaports of NSW, Australia were analysed for the presence of metal contamination. Geoaccumulation index (Igeo), enrichment factor (EF), pollution load index (PLI), potential ecological risk (PER) and sediment pollution index (SPI) along with multivariate statistical analysis were used to identify the pollution pattern and possible sources of metals in the ports. The results demonstrate Cu, Pb and Zn pollution (Igeo > 5) at most sites and enrichment of As, Ni, Mn (EF > 3) and other metals...
March 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Guillermo Benítez, Martí March-Salas, Alberto Villa-Kamel, Ulises Cháves-Jiménez, Javier Hernández, Nuria Montes-Osuna, Joaquín Moreno-Chocano, Paloma Cariñanos
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The different species of the genus Datura have been used traditionally by some pre-Columbian civilizations, as well as in medieval rituals linked to magic and witchcraft in both Mexico and Europe. It is also noteworthy the use of different alkaloids obtained from the plants for medicinal purposes in the treatment of various groups of diseases, especially of the respiratory and muscularskeletal systems. AIM OF THE STUDY: A review of the ethnobotanical uses of the genus Datura in Mexico and Spain has been conducted...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Wen-Long Liu, Xi-Li Zhang, Shi-Qi Fan, Jun-Ping Zhu, Hui-Hui Liang, Yu-Tian Zhang, Mei-Feng Xiao, Yan Zeng, Hong He, Fu-Yuan He, Xiao-Qin Xiao
BACKGROUND: Drugs derived from botany have been playing essential role in both clinical treatment and pharmaceutical industry, unfortunately our worry is still that its quality and therapeutic efficacy are inconsistent. Recently many scientists launched a new project on quality (Q)-marker of medicinal herbs, this study was thus designed to generate a novel concept of quality (Q)-markers: molecular connectivity index (MCI), and to test and verify the new concept of molecular connectivity index (MCI)...
March 8, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Nigel Chaffey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Annals of Botany
S Zaami, A Di Luca, N M Di Luca, G Montanari Vergallo
This review illustrates some brief considerations of the medical use of cannabis recently issued in Italy. History and uses of cannabis throughout centuries and different countries are illustrated together with a description of botany and active phytocannabinoids. Then, medical use of cannabis anti-pain treatment for patients resistant to conventional therapies is described in case of chronic neuropathic pain, spasticity, for anticinetosic and antiemetic effect in nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy, for appetite stimulating effect in cachexia, anorexia, loss of appetite in cancer patients or patients with AIDS and in anorexia nervosa, hypotensive effect in glaucoma resistant to conventional therapies and for reduction of involuntary body and facial movements in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Ioannis Stefanidis, Georgios Filippidis, Athanasios A Diamandopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Annals of Botany
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