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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790914/ethnopharmacological-and-chemical-characterization-of-salvia-species-used-in-valencian-traditional-herbal-preparations
#1
Vanessa Martínez-Francés, Emeline Hahn, Segundo Ríos, Diego Rivera, Eike Reich, Roser Vila, Salvador Cañigueral
In Valencia Region (Spain), some wild and cultivated sages are used for medicinal purposes. Among them, Salvia officinalis subsp. lavandulifolia (SL) is widely employed and known for production of Spanish sage oil and herbal products. Nevertheless, it shares the market with S. blancoana subsp. mariolensis (SB) and, to a lesser extent, with their hybrid S. x hegelmaieri (SH). The knowledge on these two species is far low and confusion between them is possible. The aim of the present paper is to improve the ethnopharmacological, morphological and chemical knowledge of these sages, and to contribute to setting up quality specifications for improving identification and distinction from other Salvia species, such as, S...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758503/defending-metropolitan-identity-through-colonial-politics-the-role-of-portuguese-naturalists-1870-91
#2
Daniel Gamito-Marques
This paper explores how João de Andrade Corvo and José Vicente Barbosa du Bocage, two nineteenth-century Portuguese naturalists, were able to reach prominent political positions in their country by means of their work in, respectively, botany and agriculture, and zoology. The authority they derived from their scientific activities and the knowledge they acquired in the process, favored by their proximity to particular political quarters, elevated them to important governmental offices, in the context of which they implemented policies that reinforced Portugal's identity as an imperial nation...
July 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755202/the-symbol-of-spread-of-modern-western-botany-into-china-chih-wu-hs%C3%A3-eh-an-unconventional-translation-in-the-late-qing-dynasty
#3
He Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677746/cassiae-semen-a-review-of-its-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-review
#4
Xiaoxv Dong, Jing Fu, Xingbin Yin, Chunjing Yang, Xin Zhang, Wenping Wang, Xueying Du, Qingling Wang, Jian Ni
Cassiae semen (Leguminosae), a well‑known traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for a number of centuries in areas of Southeast Asia, including Korea, Japan and China. The present review aims to provide updated and comprehensive information, on the botany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Cassiae semen. The available information on Cassiae semen was collected using several different resources, including classic books on Chinese herbal medicine and a number of scientific databases, including the China Academic Journals full‑text database, PubMed, SciFinder, the Web of Science and Science Direct...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647179/euphorbia-neriifolia-l-review-on-botany-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-biological-activities
#5
REVIEW
Prashant Y Mali, Shital S Panchal
The present review is intended to provide information on botany, ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and biological activities of various parts of Euphorbia neriifolia (E. neriifolia). E. neriifolia has several ethnomedicinal uses. The latex of E. neriifolia is used as laxative, purgative, rubefacient, carminative and expectorant as well as in treatment of whooping cough, gonorrhoea, leprosy, asthma, dyspepsia, jaundice, enlargement of the spleen, tumours, stone in the bladder, abdominal troubles and leucoderma...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640259/botany-he-made-plants-a-profession
#6
Jim Endersby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633412/are-leaves-only-involved-in-flowering-bridging-the-gap-between-structural-botany-and-functional-morphology
#7
Pierre-Éric Lauri, Frédéric Normand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620254/isolation-morphological-identification-and-in-vitro-antibacterial-activity-of-endophytic-bacteria-isolated-from-azadirachta-indica-neem-leaves
#8
Ankit Kumar Singh, Rajesh Kumar Sharma, Varsha Sharma, Tanmay Singh, Rajesh Kumar, Dimple Kumari
AIM: The objective of this study was to isolate endophytic bacteria from Azadirachta indica (neem) leaves, their identification and investigate their antibacterial activity against three Gram-positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Bacillus cereus and Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium and Klebsiella pneumoniae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fresh leaves of A. indica (neem) was procured from the Department of Botany, JNKVV, Jabalpur...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597435/micro-morphological-study-of-evolvulus-spp-convolvulaceae-the-old-world-medicinal-plants
#9
Kanapol Ketjarun, George W Staples, Sasivimon C Swangpol, Paweena Traiperm
BACKGROUND: Several medicinal properties have been reported for plants in the genus Evolvulus, such as a brain tonic and antifungal from Evolvulus alsinoides, and a sedative and an anthelmintic from Evolvulus nummularius. Therefore, the correct identification of the source plants is critically important. The aim of this research was to investigate the micromorphology of two Evolvulus taxa used for herbal medicines compared with one worldwide ornamental species by using peeling, paraffin embedding, acetolysis, and SEM methods in order to support species identification...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593176/radix-bupleuri-a-review-of-traditional-uses-botany-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology
#10
REVIEW
Fude Yang, Xiaoxv Dong, Xingbin Yin, Wenping Wang, Longtai You, Jian Ni
Radix Bupleuri (Chaihu) has been used as a traditional medicine for more than 2000 years in China, Japan, Korea, and other Asian countries. Phytochemical studies demonstrated that this plant contains essential oils, triterpenoid saponins, polyacetylenes, flavonoids, lignans, fatty acids, and sterols. Crude extracts and pure compounds isolated from Radix Bupleuri exhibited various biological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antipyretic, antimicrobial, antiviral, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective, and immunomodulatory effects...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574677/historical-perspectives-on-the-use-of-microscopes-in-dentistry
#11
James L Gutmann
The use of microscopes in dentistry has become quite popular since the late 1980s. However, its origin for dental applications can be traced to the early 20th century, when a microscope, invented by an American biologist named Greenough, working in the Zeiss Company, was adapted for use in dentistry. Initially it had been used in botany, metallurgy, and zoology, in addition to revolutionizing the study of coral and entomology.
2017: Journal of the History of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554084/general-object-recognition-is-specific-evidence-from-novel-and-familiar-objects
#12
Jennifer J Richler, Jeremy B Wilmer, Isabel Gauthier
In tests of object recognition, individual differences typically correlate modestly but nontrivially across familiar categories (e.g. cars, faces, shoes, birds, mushrooms). In theory, these correlations could reflect either global, non-specific mechanisms, such as general intelligence (IQ), or more specific mechanisms. Here, we introduce two separate methods for effectively capturing category-general performance variation, one that uses novel objects and one that uses familiar objects. In each case, we show that category-general performance variance is unrelated to IQ, thereby implicating more specific mechanisms...
September 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532336/changing-techniques-in-crop-plant-classification-molecularization-at-the-national-institute-of-agricultural-botany-during-the-1980s
#13
Matthew Holmes
Modern methods of analysing biological materials, including protein and DNA sequencing, are increasingly the objects of historical study. Yet twentieth-century taxonomic techniques have been overlooked in one of their most important contexts: agricultural botany. This paper addresses this omission by harnessing unexamined archival material from the National Institute of Agricultural Botany (NIAB), a British plant science organization. During the 1980s the NIAB carried out three overlapping research programmes in crop identification and analysis: electrophoresis, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and machine vision systems...
April 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497705/circulating-biomedical-images-bodies-and-chromosomes-in-the-post-eugenic-era
#14
María Jesús Santesmases
This essay presents the early days of human cytogenetics, from the late 1950s until the mid 1970s, as a historical series of images. I propose a chronology moving from photographs of bodies to chromosome sets, to be joined by ultrasound images, which provided a return to bodies, by then focused on the unborn. Images carried ontological significance and, as I will argue, are principal characters in the history of human cytogenetics. Inspired by the historiography of heredity and genetics, studies on visual cultures, the conceptualization of circulation, and the sociology of pregnancy, I suggest that cytogenetics, through its focus on pregnancy, pregnant women, and their offspring, found strategic living materials that stabilized human chromosome studies as a biomedical, post-eugenics practice...
May 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495602/a-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-portulaca-oleracea-l
#15
REVIEW
Milad Iranshahy, Behjat Javadi, Mehrdad Iranshahi, Seyedeh Pardis Jahanbakhsh, Saman Mahyari, Faezeh Vahdati Hassani, Gholamreza Karimi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Portulaca oleracea L. is a widespread medicinal plant that is used not only as an edible plant, but also as a traditional medicine for alleviating a wide spectrum of diseases. It is a well-known plant in the European Traditional Medicine. PA is mentioned by Dioscorides (40-90 CE), with the name of "andrachne". AIM OF THE REVIEW: In this study, we provide detailed information on botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological uses, pharmacokinetics and safety of P...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468023/islamic-civilization-in-spain-a-magnificient-example-of-interaction-and-unity-of-religion-and-science
#16
Safvet Halilović
Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465274/gerard-blaes-blasius-1627-1682-the-dutch-physician-and-chemist-his-work-and-description-of-the-spinal-cord
#17
REVIEW
Konstantinos Markatos, Konstantinos Laios, Demetrios Korres, Anna Tzivra, Spyridon Tsoutsos, Georgios Androutsos
In this historical review we summarize the work of the Dutch physician, chemist, and anatomist Gerard Blaes (Blasius). A detailed account of his life and work is presented with emphasis on his contribution to anatomy. In particular, special reference is made to his innovative description of the spinal cord and spinal nerves. Blasius's contributions to neuroanatomy are remarkable when taking into account the limited technology of his era. As a true man of his era, he made significant contributions in research and teaching of anatomy, botany, and chemistry...
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457574/botanists-in-lithuania-during-the-michurinist-campaign
#18
Aurika Ričkienė
The meeting of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences (VASKhNIL) that occurred from July 31 to August 7, 1948, declared Michurinism to be the only "correct theory" of biology in the Soviet Union. As of that moment, Michurinist biology officially took center stage in Soviet scientific institutions, and it was further developed over the next fifteen years. Scientists from all of the former Soviet Republics participated in the Michurinist campaign. In Lithuania, this campaign started in the autumn of 1948...
April 27, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411017/biological-properties-of-propolis-extracts-something-new-from-an-ancient-product
#19
REVIEW
Nada Zabaiou, Allan Fouache, Amalia Trousson, Silvère Baron, Amar Zellagui, Mesbah Lahouel, Jean-Marc A Lobaccaro
Natural products are an interesting source of new therapeutics, especially for cancer therapy as 70% of them have botany origin. Propolis, a resinous mixture that honey bees collect and transform from tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources, has been used by ethnobotany and traditional practitioners as early in Egypt as 3000 BCE. Enriched in flavonoids, phenol acids and terpene derivatives, propolis has been widely used for its antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties. Even though it is a challenge to standardize propolis composition, chemical analyses have pointed out interesting molecules that also present anti-oxidant and anti-proliferative properties that are of interest in the field of anti-cancer therapy...
April 12, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401567/arnica-montana-l-a-plant-of-healing-review
#20
REVIEW
Priyanka Kriplani, Kumar Guarve, Uttam S Baghael
OBJECTIVES: Arnica montana is a widely used therapeutic plant used traditionally to treat various ailments. The objective of this study was to evaluate the botany, phytochemistry and ethnopharmacology along with special emphasis given on pharmacological activity of plant A. montana. KEY FINDINGS: The plant extracts have been reported to possess antibacterial, antitumor, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antifungal and immunomodulatory activity. A wide range of chemical compounds including sesquiterpene lactones and their short-chain carbonic acid esters, flavonoids, carotenoids, essential oils, diterpenes, arnidiol, pyrrolizidine alkaloids, coumarins, phenolic acids, lignans and oligosaccharides, etc...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
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