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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444262/plant-cuttings-news-in-botany
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416422/seven-new-species-of-begonia-begoniaceae-in-northern-vietnam-and-southern-china
#2
Wen-Hong Chen, Sirilak Radbouchoom, Hieu Quang Nguyen, Hiep Tien Nguyen, Khang Sinh Nguyen, Yu-Min Shui
Since 2016, KIB (Kunming Institute of Botany) and CPC (Centre for Plant Conservation of Vietnam) have conducted several surveys in the transboundary karst regions in Northern Vietnam and Southern China and seven new species in the genus Begonia Linn. (Begoniaceae) are firstly described. Amongst them, two species, Begonia albopunctata Y.M. Shui, W.H. Chen & H.Q. Nguyen and B. erectocarpa H.Q. Nguyen, Y.M. Shui & W.H. Chen, respectively belong to section Sphenanthera with berry fruits and section Leprosae with clavate berry fruits; four species, B...
2018: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385517/strigolactones-new-plant-hormones-in-the-spotlight
#3
Binne Zwanenburg, Daniel Blanco-Ania, Cristina Prandi
The development and growth of plants are regulated by interplay of a plethora of complex chemical reactions in which plant hormones play a pivotal role. In recent years, a group of new plant hormones, namely strigolactones (SLs), was discovered and identified. The first SL, strigol, was isolated in 1966, but it took almost 20 years before the details of its structure were fully elucidated. At present, two families of SLs are known, one having the stereochemistry of (+)-strigol and the other that of (-)-orobanchol, the most abundant naturally occurring SL...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378025/plant-cuttings-news-in-botany
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348085/toxic-effect-of-common-poisonous-plants-of-district-bannu-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#5
Rehman Ullah Khan, Sultan Mehmood, Saad Ullah Khan
The present paper was a part of Ph.D research work, conducted during the year 2014, in which 87 poisonous plants belonging to 54 genera, were collected, documented and preserved in the herbarium of Bannu, Department of Botany UST, Bannu Khyber Pakhtunkwa Pakistan. The plants were identified botanically, arranged alphabetically along with their Latin name, family name, common name, poisonous parts, toxicity, affects, toxin and their effects. Aim of the study was to induce awareness in the local people of district Bannu about the poisonous effects of the commonly used plants...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344414/herba-cistanches-anti-aging
#6
REVIEW
Ningqun Wang, Shaozhen Ji, Hao Zhang, Shanshan Mei, Lumin Qiao, Xianglan Jin
The Cistanche species ("Rou Cong Rong" in Chinese) is an endangered wild species growing in arid or semi-arid areas. The dried fleshy stem of Cistanches has been used as a tonic in China for many years. Modern pharmacological studies have since demonstrated that Herba Cistanches possesses broad medicinal functions, especially for use in anti-senescence, anti-oxidation, neuroprotection, anti-inflammation, hepatoprotection, immunomodulation, anti-neoplastic, anti-osteoporosis and the promotion of bone formation...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331315/ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-arctotis-arctotoides-l-f-o-hoffm-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Md Moshfekus Saleh-E-In, Johannes Van Staden
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Arctotis arctotoides (Asteraceae) is part of the genus Arctotis. Arctotis is an African genus of approximately 70 species that occur widely in the African continent with diverse medicinal values. This plant is used for the treatment of indigestion and catarrh of the stomach, epilepsy, topical wounds and skin disorders among the ethnic groups in South Africa and reported to have a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The aim of the present review is to appraise the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological potential, analytical methods and safety issues of A...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316469/numerical-research-on-the-effects-the-skyglow-could-have-in-phytochromes-and-rqe-photoreceptors-of-plants
#8
H A Solano-Lamphar, M Kocifaj
The increase of artificial light at night has a terrible impact on organisms with nightlife patterns such as a migration, nutrition, reproduction and collective interaction. Plants are not free from this issue as they have life cycle events occurring not only yearly but also daily. Such events relate to daytime variations with seasons in which the flowers of deciduous trees bloom and the leaves of certain trees fall off and change color. A response of plants to artificial light at night still remains poorly quantified; but recent scientific research suggest that skyglow can disturb plants processes...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311535/the-medicinal-usage-and-restriction-of-ginseng-in-britain-and-america-1660-1900
#9
Heasim Sul
This article demonstrates the medicinal usage of ginseng in the West from 1660 to 1914. Asian[Korea] ginseng was first introduced into England in the early 17th century, and North American ginseng was found in the early 18th century. Starting from the late 17th century doctors prescribed ginseng to cure many different kinds of ailments and disease such as: fatigue general lethargy, fever, torpidity, trembling in the joints, nervous disorder, laughing and crying hysteria, scurvy, spermatic vessel infection, jaundice, leprosy, dry gripes and constipation, strangury, yellow fever, dysentery, infertility and addictions of alcohol, opium and tobacco, etc...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298518/botany-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicity-of-strychnos-nux-vomica-l-a-review
#10
Rixin Guo, Ting Wang, Guohong Zhou, Mengying Xu, Xiankuo Yu, Xiao Zhang, Feng Sui, Chun Li, Liying Tang, Zhuju Wang
Strychnos nux-vomica L. belongs to the genus Strychnos of the family Loganiaceae and grows in Sri Lanka, India and Australia. The traditional medicinal component is its seed, called Nux vomica. This study provides a relevant and comprehensive review of S. nux-vomica L., including its botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology, thus providing a foundation for future studies. Up to the present day, over 84 compounds, including alkaloids, iridoid glycosides, flavonoid glycosides, triterpenoids, steroids and organic acids, among others, have been isolated and identified from S...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285002/historical-contribution-of-pharmaceutics-to-botany-and-pharmacognosy-development
#11
REVIEW
Lejla Zunic, Armin Skrbo, Amra Dobraca
Introduction: Pharmacy and medicine belong to the oldest human activities, so the development of these sciences is closely related to the socio-economic, cultural and religious opportunities of the nations within which they have been developing. Goals: To present the historical influence of pharmacy on the development of the human being from its very beginning; To present the historical link between pharmaceutical and medical activity, as well as early development of independent pharmaceutical activity; To present the historical influence of pharmacists on the development of botany and pharmacognosy and to present the historical influence of the first written herbarium and incunabula on the development of pharmacognosy...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244876/water-quality-assessment-of-australian-ports-using-water-quality-evaluation-indices
#12
Sayka Jahan, Vladimir Strezov
Australian ports serve diverse and extensive activities, such as shipping, tourism and fisheries, which may all impact the quality of port water. In this work water quality monitoring at different ports using a range of water quality evaluation indices was applied to assess the port water quality. Seawater samples at 30 stations in the year 2016-2017 from six ports in NSW, Australia, namely Port Jackson, Botany, Kembla, Newcastle, Yamba and Eden, were investigated to determine the physicochemical and biological variables that affect the port water quality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235023/dinoflagellate-cyst-abundance-is-positively-correlated-to-sediment-organic-carbon-in-sydney-harbour-and-botany-bay-nsw-australia
#13
Chang Tian, Martina A Doblin, Katherine A Dafforn, Emma L Johnston, Haiyan Pei, Wenrong Hu
There is growing public concern about the global expansion of harmful algal bloom species (HABs), with dinoflagellate microalgae comprising the major portion of the harmful taxa. These motile, unicellular organisms have a lifecycle involving sexual reproduction and resting cyst formation whereby cysts can germinate from sediments and 'seed' planktonic populations. Thus, investigation of dinoflagellate cyst (dinocyst) distribution in sediments can provide significant insights into HAB dynamics and contribute to indices of habitat quality...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207467/review-of-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties-of-euclea-natalensis-a-dc
#14
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Euclea natalensis is traditionally used as herbal medicine for several human diseases and ailments in tropical Africa. This study reviews information on ethnomedicinal uses, botany, phytochemical constituents, pharmacology and toxicity of E. natalensis. Results of this study are based on literature search from several sources including electronic databases, books, book chapters, websites, theses and conference proceedings. This study showed that E. natalensis is used as traditional medicine in 57.1% of the countries where it is indigenous...
December 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203097/euclea-undulata-thunb-review-of-its-botany-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-biological-activities
#15
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Euclea undulata (E. undulata) is traditionally used for the treatment of body pains, chest complaints, cough, diabetes, diarrhoea, headaches, heart diseases and toothaches in southern Africa. This study was aimed at reviewing the botany, ethnopharmacology and biological activities of E. undulata in southern Africa. Results presented in this study are based on review of literature using search engines such as Science Direct, Springerlink, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, BioMed Central and Google Scholar. Herbal medicine is prepared from the decoctions of the roots, bark and leaves, and extracts of these plant parts have demonstrated anticholinesterase, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antimycobacterial, antiplasmodial, antioxidant and hypoglycaemic activities...
November 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190354/plant-cuttings-news-in-botany
#16
Nigel Chaffey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150686/twenty-first-century-botany
#17
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130353/for-the-greater-credibility-jesuit-science-and-education-in-modern-portugal-1858-1910
#18
Francisco Malta Romeiras
Upon the restoration of the Society of Jesus in Portugal in 1858, the Jesuits founded two important colleges that made significant efforts in the promotion of hands-on experimental teaching of the natural sciences. At the Colégio de Campolide (Lisbon, 1858-1910) and the Colégio de São Fiel (Louriçal do Campo, 1863-1910) the Jesuits created modern chemistry and physics laboratories, organized significant botanical, zoological and geological collections, promoted scientific expeditions with their students to observe eclipses and to collect novel species of animals and plants, and engaged in original research work in physics, botany, and zoology...
November 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099983/a-short-story-gets-longer-recent-insights-into-the-molecular-basis-of-heterostyly
#19
Christian Kappel, Cuong Nguyen Huu, Michael Lenhard
Heterostyly is a fascinating adaptation to promote outbreeding and a classical paradigm of botany. In the most common type of heterostyly, plants either form flowers with long styles and short stamens, or short styles and long stamens. This reciprocal organ positioning reduces pollen wastage and promotes cross-pollination, thus increasing male fitness. In addition, in many heterostylous species selfing and the generation of unfit progeny due to inbreeding depression is limited by a self-incompatibility system, thus promoting female fitness...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084170/ethnobotanic-ethnopharmacologic-aspects-and-new-phytochemical-insights-into-moroccan-argan-fruits
#20
REVIEW
Farid Khallouki, Mohamed Eddouks, Akdad Mourad, Andrea Breuer, Robert Wyn Owen
This review summarizes available data on argan fruit botany, geographical distribution, traditional uses, environmental interest, socioeconomic role, phytochemistry, as well as health beneficial effects and examination of future prospects. In particular, ethnomedical uses of argan fruits are carried out throughout Morocco where it has been used against various diseases. Different classes of bioactive compounds have been characterized including essential oils, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, flavonoids and their newly reported acylglycosyl derivatives, monophenols, phenolic acids, cinnamic acids, saponins, triterpenes, phytosterols, ubiquinone, melatonin, new aminophenols along with vitamin E among other secondary metabolites...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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