keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Temporal bone fracture

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890895/otopathologic-changes-in-the-cochlea-following-head-injury-without-temporal-bone-fracture
#1
Reuven Ishai, Renata M Knoll, Jenny X Chen, Kevin Wong, Katherine L Reinshagen, Joseph B Nadol, Aaron K Remenschneider, David H Jung, Elliott D Kozin
Objective Hearing loss following temporal bone (TB) fracture may result from direct transection of the middle and inner ear. The pathophysiology of hearing loss due to head injury without TB fracture, however, is not well understood. Few reports describe otopathologic findings. Herein, we investigate the pathologic findings of patients who sustained a head injury without evidence of a TB fracture. Study Design Otopathology study. Setting Otopathology laboratory. Subjects Subjects with a history of head injury without TB fracture...
June 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889081/hypoglossal-facial-nerve-side-to-side-neurorrhaphy-for-facial-paralysis-resulting-from-closed-temporal-bone-fractures
#2
Diya Su, Dezhi Li, Shiwei Wang, Hui Qiao, Ping Li, Binbin Wang, Hong Wan, Michael Schumacher, Song Liu
BACKGROUND: Closed temporal bone fractures due to cranial trauma often result in facial nerve injury, frequently inducing incomplete facial paralysis. Conventional hypoglossal-facial nerve end-to-end neurorrhaphy may not be suitable for these injuries because sacrifice of the lesioned facial nerve for neurorrhaphy destroys the remnant axons and/or potential spontaneous innervation. OBJECTIVE: we modified the classical method by hypoglossal-facial nerve "side"-to-side neurorrhaphy using an interpositional predegenerated nerve graft to treat these injuries...
June 6, 2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863561/the-outcome-analysis-of-traumatic-facial-nerve-palsy-treated-with-systemic-steroid-therapy
#3
Ping-Hsun Lee, Chi-Cheng Liang, Shiang-Fu Huang, Han-Tsung Liao
PURPOSE: Although facial nerve palsy is uncommon after a blunt craniofacial injury, it will result in functional and aesthetic disability if full recovery is not achieved. Currently, the management is still controversial and mainly through systemic steroid therapy or surgical decompression. However, current studies mainly focus on the surgical intervention, and only a few of these studies discuss the details of the steroid treatments. Thus, the purpose of this study is to analyze possible prognosis factors of systemic steroid in managing traumatic facial nerve palsy after a blunt craniofacial injury retrospectively...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786819/evaluation-of-pterygoid-plate-fractures-unrelated-to-le-fort-fractures-using-maxillofacial-computed-tomography
#4
Serra Özbal Güneş, Yeliz Aktürk, Esra Soyer Güldoğan
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the major pterygoid plate fractures (PPFs) patterns unrelated to Le Fort fractures (LFFs) using maxillofacial computed tomography (CT). METHODS: After obtaining our hospital ethics committee approval (37-05), data for PPF were acquired from the medical records of all the trauma patients who were diagnosed using CT at our hospital from April 2014 to April 2017. RESULTS: Of the 178 patients, 135 (male/female = 86/49; mean age = 37...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728172/hearing-loss-in-pediatric-temporal-bone-fractures-evaluating-two-radiographic-classification-systems-as-prognosticators
#5
A Bhindi, L Carpineta, B Al Qassabi, S Waissbluth, R Ywakim, J J Manoukian, L H P Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: Temporal bone fractures (TBF) are traditionally classified by their angle of fracture relative to the petrous ridge, and more recently by whether or not they violate the otic-capsule. This study compared rates of hearing loss (HL) and signs of otologic dysfunction among fracture types of both classification systems, within the pediatric population. METHODS: Pediatric patients were retrospectively characterized from a previously identified cohort of TBF patients, diagnosed from 2000 to 2014...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725836/anabolic-strategies-to-augment-bone-fracture-healing
#6
REVIEW
Scott J Roberts, Hua Zhu Ke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The development of therapeutics that target anabolic pathways involved in skeletogenesis is of great importance with regard to disease resulting in bone loss, or in cases of impaired bone repair. This review aims to summarize recent developments in this area. RECENT FINDINGS: A greater understanding of how drugs that modulate signaling pathways involved in skeletogenesis exert their efficacy, and the molecular mechanisms resulting in bone formation has led to novel pharmacological bone repair strategies...
May 3, 2018: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725174/clinico-radiologic-profile-of-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-in-western-rajasthan
#7
Pawan Kumar Dara, Manish Parakh, Shyama Choudhary, Hemant Jangid, Priyanka Kumari, Satyendra Khichar
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinico-radiological profile and outcome of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Intensive Care Unit, ward and OPD of Pediatrics, Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur (tertiary care hospital). Participants: A total of 188 children (1 month-18 years) were enrolled and 108 admitted. Intervention: TBI classified as mild, moderate, or severe TBI...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718280/early-communication-development-of-children-with-auditory-brainstem-implants
#8
Laurie S Eisenberg, Dianne Hammes Ganguly, Amy S Martinez, Laurel M Fisher, Margaret E Winter, Jamie L Glater, Debra K Schrader, Janice Loggins, Eric P Wilkinson
The auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is an auditory sensory device that is surgically placed on the cochlear nucleus of the brainstem for individuals who are deaf but unable to benefit from a cochlear implant (CI) due to anatomical abnormalities of the cochlea and/or eighth nerve, specific disease processes, or temporal bone fractures. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration has authorized a Phase I clinical trial to determine safety and feasibility of the ABI in up to 10 eligible young children who are deaf and either derived no benefit from the CI or were anatomically unable to receive a CI...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697656/-a-case-of-the-fracture-of-the-temporal-bone-pyramid-resulting-in-the-fatal-outcome
#9
V S Piskunov, I S Piskunov, N A Nikitin, M M Vlasova
The authors report a clinical case of the fracture of the base of the skull with the concomitant damage to the sigmoid sinus, jugular vein, and internal carotid artery in the temporal bone pyramid. The injury was associated with massive bleeding from the external acoustic canal that resulted in the death of the patient.
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685082/peripheral-vestibular-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-with-concussion
#10
Jacob R Brodsky, Talia N Shoshany, Sophie Lipson, Guangwei Zhou
Objective To review peripheral vestibular disorders in pediatric patients with dizziness following concussion. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Pediatric vestibular clinic and pediatric multidisciplinary concussion clinic at a tertiary level pediatric hospital. Subjects and Methods We retrospectively reviewed 109 patients seen for dizziness following a concussion between September 2012 and July 2015. Patients were ≤20 years of age at the time of concussion. Incidences of specific peripheral vestibular disorders were assessed along with timing of diagnosis relative to the date of injury, diagnostic test findings, and treatment interventions associated with those diagnoses...
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680509/opioids-delay-healing-of-spinal-fusion-a-rabbit-posterolateral-lumbar-fusion-model
#11
Nikhil Jain, Khaled Himed, Jeffrey M Toth, Karen C Briley, Frank M Phillips, Safdar N Khan
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Opioid use is prevalent in the management of pre- and postoperative pain in patients undergoing spinal fusion. There is evidence that opioids downregulate osteoblasts in vitro, and a previous study found that morphine delays the maturation and remodeling of callus in a rat femur fracture model. However, the effect of opioids on healing of spinal fusion has not been investigated before. Isolating the effect of opioid exposure in humans would be limited by the numerous confounding factors that affect fusion healing...
April 20, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673849/relationship-between-intracapsular-fracture-patterns-and-arthroscopic-findings
#12
Ko Ito, Fumie Yamazaki, Kosuke Takahashi, Shinnosuke Nogami, Toshirou Kondoh, Alastair Goss
PURPOSE: To observe the superior joint compartment (SJC) using ultrathin arthroscopy in intracapsular condylar fracture (ICF) of the temporomandibular joint, describe the changes, and evaluate the relations among fracture pattern, arthroscopic findings, and clinical outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with 27 ICFs were the subject group. Thirteen patients had unilateral ICF and 7 had bilateral ICF. The fracture patterns were classified into 9 categories, and all patients had arthroscopic examination of the traumatized joint at the time of definitive treatment...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626053/insulin-like-growth-factors-actions-on-the-skeleton
#13
REVIEW
Shoshana Yakar, Haim Werner, Clifford J Rosen
The discovery of the growth hormone (GH)-mediated somatic factors (somatomedins), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and -II, has elicited an enormous interest primarily among endocrinologists who study growth and metabolism. The advancement of molecular endocrinology over the past four decades enables investigators to re-examine and refine the established somatomedin hypothesis. Specifically, gene deletions, transgene overexpression or more recently, cell-specific gene-ablations, have enabled investigators to study the effects of the Igf1 and Igf2 genes in temporal and spatial manners...
July 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608481/bilateral-post-traumatic-facial-paralysis-that-contains-longitudinal-and-transverse-temporal-fracture
#14
Caner Şahin, Özkan Özen
Acute bilateral post-traumatic facial paralysis is rare in the literature. Post-traumatic facial paralysis is frequently accompanied transverse fractures of temporal more. The incidence of acute bilateral post-traumatic facial paralysis has been reported as 1 to 5 per million in the literature. Trauma and concurrent facial paralysis are usually in the same subsite (right temporal bone fracture and right facial paralysis). There is one pathophysiological pattern for a single temporal bone fracture in a subsite...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529637/early-improvement-in-pain-and-functional-outcome-but-not-quality-of-life-after-surgery-for-metastatic-long-bone-disease
#15
Anas Nooh, Krista Goulding, Marc H Isler, Sophie Mottard, Annie Arteau, Norbert Dion, Robert Turcotte
BACKGROUND: Bone metastases represent the most frequent cause of cancer-related pain, affecting health-related quality of life and creating a substantial burden on the healthcare system. Although most bony metastatic lesions can be managed nonoperatively, surgical management can help patients reduce severe pain, avoid impending fracture, and stabilize pathologic fractures. Studies have demonstrated functional improvement postoperatively as early as 6 weeks, but little data exist on the temporal progress of these improvements or on the changes in quality of life over time as a result of surgical intervention...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506762/systematic-review-of-hearing-loss-after-traumatic-brain-injury-without-associated-temporal-bone-fracture
#16
REVIEW
Jenny X Chen, Michael Lindeborg, Seth D Herman, Reuven Ishai, Renata M Knoll, Aaron Remenschneider, David H Jung, Elliott D Kozin
OBJECTIVE: While hearing loss following temporal bone fracture is a well-described phenomenon, few data exist on auditory dysfunction in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) without temporal bone fracture. Herein, we aim to systematically review hearing loss after TBI without bony fracture and describe its etiologies. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane databases. REVIEW METHODS: A systematic review of the literature from 1966 to January 2017 was performed using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses recommendations...
May 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504040/incomplete-and-false-tract-insertions-in-cochlear-implantation-retrospective-review-of-surgical-and-auditory-outcomes
#17
Ashish Vashishth, Andrea Fulcheri, Maurizio Guida, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate incidence, demographics, surgical, and radiological correlates of incomplete and false tract electrode array insertions during cochlear implantation (CI). To evaluate outcomes in patients with incomplete electrode insertion (IEI). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Otology and skull base center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Charts of 18 patients (19 ears) with incomplete or false tract insertions of the electrode array were evaluated who underwent CI, with at least 1 year follow-up (from 470 cases)...
May 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496223/a-truncated-temporal-styloid-process-from-the-jordanian-ottoman-period-developmental-variant-or-fracture
#18
Margaret A Judd
Styloid process (SP) development and its role in an individual's lived experience plays a negligible role in paleopathological research, although a handful of possible Eagle's syndrome cases have been reported. Here, the development of the stylohyoid chain and the medical research of SP variants are reviewed to inform the differential diagnosis of a probable SP fracture in a young adult male associated with the Ottoman Period (13-19thC) in Jordan. The fracture surface of the right SP is smooth rather than irregular, the coloration is uniform with the surrounding cortical bone staining, and no new bone formation is visible...
March 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470563/nonsurgical-treatment-for-posttraumatic-complete-facial-nerve-paralysis
#19
Alok Thakar, Madan P Gupta, Achal Srivastava, Deepak Agrawal, Atin Kumar
Importance: Current recommendations envisage early surgical exploration for complete facial nerve paralysis associated with temporal bone fracture and unfavorable electrophysiologic features (response to electroneuronography, <5%). However, the evidence base for such a practice is weak, with the potential for spontaneous improvement being unknown, and the expected results from alternative nonsurgical treatment also undefined. Objective: To document the results of nonsurgical treatment for posttraumatic complete facial paralysis with undisplaced temporal bone fracture and unfavorable electrophysiologic features...
April 1, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451668/comparison-between-early-and-delayed-facial-nerve-decompression-in-traumatic-facial-nerve-paralysis-a-retrospective-study
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
David Victor Kumar Irugu, Anoop Singh, Sravan Ch, Achyuth Panuganti, Anand Acharya, Hitesh Varma, Ramya Thota, Maurizio Falcioni, Sridhar Reddy
Purpose To study the intraoperative findings in case of early and delayed decompression of facial nerve paralysis and compare their results. Methods Retrospective data analysis of 23 cases of longitudinal temporal bone fracture with House-Brackmann grade V and VI facial nerve paralysis. All cases were thoroughly evaluated and underwent facial nerve decompression through the transmastoid approach. All cases were under regular follow-up till the date of manuscript submission. Results Clinical improvement of the facial nerve function was observed for early vs...
2018: CoDAS
keyword
keyword
92241
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"