keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Temporal trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331279/unplanned-90-day-readmissions-in-a-specialty-orthopaedic-unit-a-prospective-analysis-of-consecutive-12729-admissions
#1
Mahender Avinash, S Rajasekaran, Siddharth N Aiyer
INTRODUCTION: Unplanned readmissions are an undesirable and expensive outcome of clinical practice. Previous reported literature is limited by retrospective study designs and 30 day study intervals. We analyzed causes for 90-day unplanned readmission, temporal occurrence of major causes, possible predisposing factors, bed days lost and economic impact. MATERIALS & METHODS: A prospective analysis of 12729 admissions was performed over 1 year in an Orthopaedic unit...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314420/sport-injuries-of-the-ear-and-temporal-bone
#2
REVIEW
L Mariel Osetinsky, Grant S Hamilton, Matthew L Carlson
In cases of head trauma, the ear should be evaluated in all of its components. A good understanding of otologic and skull base anatomy enables a thorough trauma assessment of this complex anatomic region. Auricular laceration, abrasion, avulsion, hematoma, frostbite, otitis externa, exostosis, tympanic membrane perforation, ossicular discontinuity, perilymphatic fistula, labyrinthine concussion, temporal bone fracture, facial nerve paresis, and sensorineural hearing loss are a few of the more common otologic injuries seen in active patients...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302380/surgical-timing-for-facial-paralysis-after-temporal-bone-trauma
#3
Peng Xu, Aiyan Jin, Baoqiang Dai, Ruijie Li, Yefeng Li
OBJECTIVES: To explore surgical timing of facial paralysis after temporal bone trauma. METHODS: The clinical data of the patients with facial paralysis after temporal bone trauma who underwent subtotal facial nerve decompression were retrospectively collected, and 80 cases followed-up for one year were enrolled in the study. They were divided into different subgroups according to the age, onset, and interval between facial paralysis and surgery, and the outcomes of facial nerve between different subgroups were compared...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298577/trauma-imaging-a-literature-review
#4
Jason Heath Vela, Christopher Ira Wertz, Kimberly L Onstott, Joss R Wertz
PURPOSE: To inform radiologic technologists about which imaging modalities and examinations are best suited for evaluating specific anatomical structures in patients who have sustained a traumatic injury. METHODS: Two scholarly research databases were searched to identify articles focused on trauma imaging of the head, cervical spine, thorax, abdomen, and pelvis. Articles focused on trauma diagnosis were excluded. Thirty-two articles were selected for analysis. DISCUSSION: Physical examination and plain-film radiographs typically are used to assess nasal bone fracures...
January 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294462/disruption-of-white-matter-structural-integrity-and-connectivity-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-tbss-and-tractography-study
#5
Elizabeth A Olson, Jiaolong Cui, Rena Fukunaga, Lisa D Nickerson, Scott L Rauch, Isabelle M Rosso
BACKGROUND: Most studies of brain white matter (WM) in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have focused on combat trauma, and often were confounded by neurological and substance dependence comorbidity. This study used tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) and probabilistic tractography to characterize WM microstructure in a mixed-sex community sample of PTSD patients exposed to diverse and multiple traumas, and in trauma-exposed normal comparison (TENC) subjects. METHODS: TBSS compared diffusion measures between 20 adults with DSM-IV PTSD and 17 TENC, using a whole-brain voxel-wise approach...
March 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285476/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-pushing-care-forward
#6
William Teeter, Anna Romagnoli, Jacob Glaser, Andrew D Fisher, Jason Pasley, Brian Scheele, Melanie Hoehn, Megan Brenner
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA), used to temporize noncompressible and junctional hemorrhage, may be deployable to the forward environment. Our hypothesis was that nonsurgeon physicians and high-level military medical technicians would be able to learn the theory and insertion of REBOA. METHODS: US Army Special Operations Command medical personnel without prior endovascular experience were included. All participants received didactic instruction of the Basic Endovascular Skills for Trauma Course™ together, with individual evaluation of technical skills...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279865/post-traumatic-stress-as-a-pathway-to-psychopathology-among-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-victimization
#7
Kelly D Cromer, Miguel T Villodas
OBJECTIVE: Victimization by violence elevates adolescents' risk for developing internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Recent findings suggest that disruptions in developmental processes associated with post-traumatic stress (PTS) reactions may partially account for the relationship between victimization and the subsequent development of psychopathology during adolescence. The present study tested the temporal sequencing of these associations using multi-informant measurements in a large, diverse sample of adolescents at high-risk for victimization...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275059/differences-in-post-injury-auditory-system-pathophysiology-after-mild-blast-and-non-blast-acute-acoustic-trauma
#8
Nicholas Race, Jesyin Lai, Riyi Shi, Edward L Bartlett
Hearing difficulties are the most commonly reported disabilities among veterans. Blast exposures during explosive events likely play a role, given their propensity to directly damage both peripheral (PAS) and central (CAS) auditory system components. Post-blast PAS pathophysiology has been well-documented in both clinical case reports and laboratory investigations. In contrast, blast-induced CAS dysfunction remains under-studied, but has been hypothesized to contribute to an array of common veteran behavioral complaints including learning, memory, communication, and emotional regulation...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272852/trauma-unit-attendance-is-there-a-relationship-with-weather-sporting-events-and-week-month-end-times-an-audit-at-an-urban-tertiary-trauma-unit-in-cape-town
#9
K L Milford, P H Navsaria, A J Nicol, S Edu
BACKGROUND: The Groote Schuur Hospital Trauma Unit is a high-volume referral center where patient volumes may be related to temporal and environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: This audit aimed to determine if numbers of patients presenting after motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) and interpersonal violence (IPV) were related to temporal factors, weather variables and important soccer matches. METHOD: Numbers of patients presenting to the unit per shift over 17 months were obtained from unit logs...
November 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242475/importance-of-neuropsychological-and-clinical-features-to-predict-seizure-control-in-medically-treated-patients-with-mesial-temporal-epilepsy-and-hippocampal-sclerosis
#10
Laia Grau-López, Marta Jiménez, Jordi Ciurans, Cynthia Cáceres, Juan Luis Becerra
OBJECTIVE: It is not yet understood why seizures in certain patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) develop resistance to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) while others achieve good seizure control with this treatment. We analyzed clinical and neuropsychological features associated with seizure control in patients with MTLE-HS who had not undergone resective surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 40 patients with medically treated MTLE-HS and retrospectively collected the following data from prospective databases: sex, febrile seizures, central nervous system infection, history of head trauma, cognitive impairment, psychiatric disturbances, history of status epilepticus, age at onset of epilepsy, aura, seizure type and frequency, electroencephalography abnormalities, HS side, AEDs, global cognitive status, and neuropsychological functions such as cognitive processing speed, attention and executive functions, verbal and visual memory, language, and visuospatial ability...
February 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238160/insertion-forces-and-intracochlear-trauma-in-temporal-bone-specimens-implanted-with-a-straight-atraumatic-electrode-array
#11
Marjan Mirsalehi, Thomas S Rau, Lenka Harbach, Silke Hügl, Saleh Mohebbi, Thomas Lenarz, Omid Majdani
The aim of the study was to evaluate insertion forces during manual insertion of a straight atraumatic electrode in human temporal bones, and post-implantation histologic evaluation of the samples to determine whether violation of intracochlear structures is related to insertion forces. In order to minimize intracochlear trauma and preserve residual hearing during cochlear implantation, knowledge of the insertion forces is necessary. Ten fresh frozen human temporal bones were prepared with canal wall down mastoidectomy...
February 25, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230584/microsurgical-replantation-of-total-avulsed-scalp-extending-the-limits
#12
Yunbo Jin, Chen Hua, Xiaojie Hu, Hui Chen, Gang Ma, Yun Zou, Bin Chen, Dongze Lyu, Mathias Tremp, Xiaoxi Lin
BACKGROUND: Avulsion of the scalp is a rare but severe trauma and challenging to the reconstructive surgeon. It poses not only physical concussion but also significant persisting psychological distress to the patients. METHODS: Medical records from 5 patients who suffered scalp avulsion were reviewed retrospectively. The following data and methods were assessed: age, number of vessels repaired, method of replantation, vein grafts required, blood transfusion, ischemia time, total operating time, and percentage of scalp survival...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228473/violence-related-ambulance-call-outs-in-the-north-west-of-england-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-nature-extent-and-relationships-to-temporal-celebratory-and-sporting-events
#13
Zara Quigg, Ciara McGee, Karen Hughes, Simon Russell, Mark A Bellis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the potential of ambulance call-out data in understanding violence to inform about prevention activity. METHOD: This cross-sectional (2013-2015) study examined the nature, extent and characteristics of violence-related ambulance call-outs (n=15 687) across North West England and relationships with temporal, celebratory and sporting events. RESULTS: The majority of call-outs were for men, with a mean age of 33 years...
February 21, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225319/cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-histological-evaluations-of-a-straight-electrode-array-positioning-in-temporal-bones
#14
Isabelle Mosnier, Charlotte Célérier, Jean-Loup Bensimon, Daniele de Seta, Olivier Sterkers, Yann Nguyen, Daniele Bernardeschi
CONCLUSION: CBCT allows a precise evaluation of the dimensions and of the shape of the cochlear duct that is of primary importance for the choice of the length and the design of the electrode array. This radio-histological study confirms that CBCT is a reliable tool to be used in clinical studies to evaluate the position of straight electrode arrays within the cochlear scala. OBJECTIVE: To validate the reliability of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the evaluation of cochlear anatomy and positioning of a straight electrode array, by comparing radiological images to histological analysis of cochlear implanted temporal bones...
March 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216347/systemic-application-of-carbon-monoxide-releasing-molecule-3-protects-skeletal-muscle-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#15
Aurelia Bihari, Gediminas Cepinskas, Thomas L Forbes, Richard F Potter, Abdel-Rahman Lawendy
OBJECTIVE: Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is a limb- and life-threatening complication of acute limb ischemia and musculoskeletal trauma. Carbon monoxide-releasing molecules (CORMs) have recently been shown to protect microvascular perfusion and to reduce inflammation and injury in various ischemic animal models. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of water-soluble CORM-3 on the extent of IR-induced muscle injury. METHODS: Wistar rats were randomized into three groups: sham (no ischemia), IR + CORM-3 (10 mg/kg intraperitoneally), and IR + inactive CORM-3 (iCORM-3; 10 mg/kg intraperitoneally)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216124/the-pattern-and-degree-of-capsular-fibrous-sheaths-surrounding-cochlear-electrode-arrays
#16
Reuven Ishai, Barbara S Herrmann, Joseph B Nadol, Alicia M Quesnel
An inflammatory tissue reaction around the electrode array of a cochlear implant (CI) is common, in particular at the electrode insertion region (cochleostomy) where mechanical trauma often occurs. However, the factors determining the amount and causes of fibrous reaction surrounding the stimulating electrode, especially medially near the perimodiolar location, are unclear. Temporal bone (TB) specimens from patients who had undergone cochlear implantation during life with either Advanced Bionics (AB) Clarion (TM) or HiRes90K(TM) (Sylmar, CA, USA) devices that have a half-band and a pre-curved electrode, or Cochlear (TM) Nucleus (Sydney, Australia) device that have a full-band and a straight electrode were evaluated...
February 16, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198552/cortical-spreading-depolarizations-in-the-postresuscitation-period-in-a-cardiac-arrest-male-rat-model
#17
Frederik Boe Hansen, Niels Secher, Morten Skovgaard Jensen, Leif Østergaard, Else Tønnesen, Asger Granfeldt
Neurological injury develops over days following cardiac arrest (CA); however, the exact mechanisms remain unknown. After stroke or trauma, the progression of neurological injury is associated with cortical-spreading depolarizations (CSDs). The objective was to investigate whether CA and subsequent resuscitation in rats are associated with 1) the development of spontaneous negative direct current (DC) shifts indicative of CSDs, and 2) changes in artificially induced CSDs in the postresuscitation period. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into four groups: 1) CA 90, 2) Control 90, 3) CA 360, and 4) Control 360...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192386/spectrum-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-features-in-unilateral-optic-tract-dysfunction
#18
Kristopher M Kowal, Francisco F Rivas Rodriguez, Ashok Srinivasan, Jonathan D Trobe
BACKGROUND: Optic tract dysfunction may be the predominant or only clinical manifestation of an intracranial disorder including mass legion, ischemic infarct, inflammatory disease, and trauma. Documentation of the neuroimaging features of these lesions is limited to reports mostly published before the availability of MRI. This study was undertaken to document the spectrum of MRI features in patients presenting with optic tract dysfunction. METHODS: A retrospective study from 2004 to 2015 at a single tertiary care neuro-ophthalmology service of 24 patients who had unilateral optic tract dysfunction defined by a homonymous hemianopia and a relative afferent pupil defect that could not be attributed to optic neuropathy or retinopathy...
March 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170006/age-modulates-the-injury-induced-metallomic-profile-in-the-brain
#19
Stuart D Portbury, Dominic J Hare, Charlotte J Sgambelloni, David P Bishop, David I Finkelstein, Philip A Doble, Paul A Adlard
The biological transition metals iron (Fe), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) are thought to contribute to the neuronal pathologies that occur following traumatic brain injury (TBI), and indeed our previously published work in young (3 month-old) mice clearly demonstrates a significant spatiotemporal modulation of metals following TBI. Of note, however, is the literature observation that there is both an apparent detrimental effect of aging on TBI outcomes and an alteration in metals and their various transporters with normal advancing age...
February 7, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168635/imaging-of-post-surgical-treatment-and-of-related-complications-in-spinal-trauma
#20
REVIEW
F Caranci, G Leone, L Ugga, E Cesarano, R Capasso, S Schipani, A Bianco, P Fonio, F Briganti, L Brunese
Spinal trauma is a devastating event with a high morbidity and mortality. The rationale of imaging is to diagnose the traumatic abnormalities and characterize the type of injury, to estimate the severity of the lesions, to evaluate the potential spinal instability. In case of spinal instability, the goals of operative treatment are decompression of the spinal cord canal and stabilization of the disrupted vertebral column. Particularly, diagnostic imaging, mainly by CT and MR, has a main role in the post-treatment evaluation...
February 6, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
keyword
keyword
92240
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"