keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Temporal trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913287/cryptogenic-temporal-hollowing
#1
Ie Hyon Park, Heeyeon Kwon, Sang Wha Kim
Temporal hollowing is a common complication that occurs after coronal approach surgeries. However, temporal hollowing without previous nerve damage or trauma history is rare. Herein, we present a patient with cryptogenic temporal hollowing. A 22-year-old man without any history of craniofacial interventions or trauma presented with temporal hallowing. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed fatty degeneration of the left temporalis muscle. Electromyography and nerve conduction study showed no signs of neurologic abnormalities...
December 2016: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912021/association-between-spinal-immobilization-and-survival-at-discharge-for-on-scene-blunt-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Yusuke Tsutsumi, Shingo Fukuma, Asuka Tsuchiya, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Miho Kimachi, Shunichi Fukuhara
INTRODUCTION: Spinal immobilization has been indicated for all blunt trauma patients suspected of having cervical spine injury. However, for traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) patients, rapid transportation without compromising potentially reversible causes is necessary. Our objective was to investigate the temporal trend of spinal immobilization for TCA patients and to examine the association between spinal immobilization and survival. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Japan Trauma Data Bank 2004-2015 registry data...
September 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899316/road-safety-serious-injuries-remain-a-major-unsolved-problem
#3
Ben Beck, Peter A Cameron, Mark C Fitzgerald, Rodney T Judson, Warwick Teague, Ronan A Lyons, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate temporal trends in the incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and costs of health loss caused by serious road traffic injury. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective review of data from the population-based Victorian State Trauma Registry and the National Coronial Information System on road traffic-related deaths (pre- and in-hospital) and major trauma (Injury Severity Score > 12) during 2007-2015.Main outcomes and measures: Temporal trends in the incidence of road traffic-related major trauma, mortality, DALYs, and costs of health loss, by road user type...
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898986/building-a-new-transfusion-service
#4
John R Hess, Brenda K Hayden, Virginia G Cruz-Cody, Max J Louzon, Erin E Tuott, Nina E Sen, Roxann Gary, Patrick J Ramos, Jennifer A Daniel-Johnson, Ryan A Metcalf, Monica B Pagano
Objectives: For over 60 years, Harborview Medical Center (HMC) in Seattle has received its blood components and pretransfusion testing from a centralized transfusion service operated by the regional blood supplier. In 2011, a hospital-based transfusion service (HBTS) was activated. Methods: After 5 years of operation, we evaluated the effects of the HBTS by reviewing records of hospital blood use, quality system events, blood product delivery times, and costs. Furthermore, the effects of in-house expertise on laboratory medicine resident and medical laboratory scientist student training, as well as regulatory and accrediting agency concerns, were reviewed...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895474/temporal-profile-of-microtubule-associated-protein-map-2-a-novel-indicator-of-diffuse-brain-injury-severity-and-early-mortality-after-brain-trauma
#5
Linda Papa, Steven A Robicsek, Gretchen M Brophy, Kevin K W Wang, H Julia Hannay, Shelley C Heaton, Ilona Schmalfuss, Andrea Gabrielli, Ronald L Hayes, Claudia S Robertson
This study compared CSF levels of MAP-2 from adult patients with severe TBI to uninjured controls over ten days, and examined the relationship between MAP-2 concentrations and acute clinical and radiologic measures of injury severity along with mortality at 2-weeks and over 6-months. This prospective study, conducted at two Level 1 Trauma Centers, enrolled adults with severe TBI (GCS ≤8) requiring a ventriculostomy as well as controls. Ventricular CSF was sampled from each patient at 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144, 168, 192, 216 and 240 hours following TBI and analyzed via ELISA for MAP-2 (ng/ml)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890010/lumbosacral-subdural-hematoma-following-glioblastoma-multiforme-resection-possible-radiographic-evidence-for-the-downward-migration-of-intracranial-blood
#6
Gabriella M Paisan, Thomas J Buell, Daniel Raper, Ashok Asthagiri
Spinal subdural hematomas (SSDHs) are rare and usually associated with bleeding diatheses, trauma, iatrogenic injury, spinal vascular malformations, or intraspinal tumors. We report a case of a 75-year-old male who developed a symptomatic lumbosacral SSDH after undergoing resection of a right temporal glioblastoma multiforme. The patient subsequently recovered and was discharged home. Over the next two weeks he developed progressively worsening symptoms of lower back pain, lower extremity weakness, and urinary retention...
September 7, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888350/anterior-cingulate-cortex-grey-matter-volume-abnormalities-in-adolescents-with-ptsd-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#7
Mirjam A Rinne-Albers, J Nienke Pannekoek, Marie-José van Hoof, Natasja D van Lang, Francien Lamers-Winkelman, Serge A Rombouts, Nic J van der Wee, Robert R Vermeiren
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) substantially increase the risk of later psychiatric and somatic pathology. While neurobiological factors are likely to play a mediating role, specific insights are lacking. The scarce neuroimaging studies in traumatised pediatric populations have provided inconsistent results, potentially due to the inclusion of different types of trauma. To further improve our understanding of the neurobiology of pediatric psychotrauma, this study seeks to investigate abnormalities in grey matter volume (GMV) in a homogeneous group of adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and the relationship between GMV and symptom severity...
September 6, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873087/women-s-and-men-s-reports-of-past-year-prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-rape-and-women-s-risk-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-a-multicountry-cross-sectional-study-in-asia-and-the-pacific
#8
Rachel Jewkes, Emma Fulu, Ruchira Tabassam Naved, Esnat Chirwa, Kristin Dunkle, Regine Haardörfer, Claudia Garcia-Moreno
BACKGROUND: Understanding the past-year prevalence of male-perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV) and risk factors is essential for building evidence-based prevention and monitoring progress to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5.2, but so far, population-based research on this remains very limited. The objective of this study is to compare the population prevalence rates of past-year male-perpetrated IPV and nonpartner rape from women's and men's reports across 4 countries in Asia and the Pacific...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862995/intracranial-eeg-fluctuates-over-months-after-implanting-electrodes-in-human-brain
#9
Hoameng Ung, Steven N Baldassano, Hank Bink, Abba M Krieger, Shawniqua Williams, Flavia Vitale, Chengyuan Wu, Dean Freestone, Ewan Nurse, Kent Leyde, Kathryn A Davis, Mark Cook, Brian Litt
OBJECTIVE: Implanting subdural and penetrating electrodes in the brain causes acute trauma and inflammation that affect intracranial electroencephalographic (iEEG) recordings. This behavior and its potential impact on clinical decision-making and algorithms for implanted devices have not been assessed in detail. In this study we aim to characterize the temporal and spatial variability of continuous, prolonged human iEEG recordings. APPROACH: Intracranial electroencephalography from 15 patients with drug-refractory epilepsy, each implanted with 16 subdural electrodes and continuously monitored for an average of 18 months, was included in this study...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861040/a-case-of-acoustic-shock-with-post-trauma-trigeminal-autonomic-activation
#10
Alain Londero, Nicolas Charpentier, Damien Ponsot, Philippe Fournier, Laurent Pezard, Arnaud J Noreña
This study reports the case of an acoustic shock injury (ASI), which did not result in a significant hearing loss, but was followed by manifold chronic symptoms both within (tinnitus, otalgia, tingling in the ear, tension in the ear, and red tympanum) and outside the ears (blocked nose, pain in the neck/temporal region). We suggest that these symptoms may result from a loop involving injury to middle ear muscles, peripheral inflammatory processes, activation and sensitization of the trigeminal nerve, the autonomic nervous system, and central feedbacks...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860028/dissociative-amnesia-disproportionate-retrograde-amnesia-stressful-experiences-and-neurological-circumstances
#11
REVIEW
C Thomas-Antérion
Dissociative amnesias have been reported in neurological episodes mild enough to not cause any visible lesions on morphological examination. Disproportionate retrograde amnesia with or without identity loss happens in the context of psychological trauma (known or not). In metabolic imaging studies, some authors have reported functional alterations, particularly in the bilateral hippocampus, right temporal regions and inferolateral prefrontal cortex, despite normal morphological imaging. To avoid the presumption of an organic, psychogenic or mixed origin for such changes, De Renzi et al...
August 28, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855144/heterotopic-ossification-mechanistic-insights-and-clinical-challenges
#12
Ruoshi Xu, Jiajie Hu, Xuedong Zhou, Yingzi Yang
Bone formation is exquisitely controlled both spatially and temporally. Heterotopic ossification (HO) is pathological bone formation in soft tissues that often leads to deleterious outcomes. Inherited genetic forms of HO can be life-threatening and can happen as early as in infancy. However, there is currently no effective treatment for HO as the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms have not been completely elucidated. Trauma-induced non-genetic forms of HO often occur as a common complication after surgeries or accidents, and the location of HO occurrence largely determines the symptom and outcome...
August 27, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845475/combat-exposure-severity-is-associated-with-reduced-cortical-thickness-in-combat-veterans-a-preliminary-report
#13
Lynnette A Averill, Chadi G Abdallah, Robert H Pietrzak, Christopher L Averill, Steven M Southwick, John H Krystal, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
BACKGROUND: Chronic stress and related physiological responses are known to have deleterious effects on neural integrity. Combat exposure is a notoriously pathogenic stressor and with over 2 million U.S. troops deployed to active combat zones since 2001, there is an urgent need to advance our understanding of its potential neural impact. Previous evidence suggests structural alterations in PTSD and more recent studies have explored cortical thinning specifically. This preliminary study investigates the impact of combat exposure on cortical thickness, controlling for history of early life stress and age...
January 2017: Chronic stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843337/up-regulation-of-traf2-suppresses-neuronal-apoptosis-after-rat-spinal-cord-injury
#14
Guanhua Xu, Jinlong Zhang, Lingling Wang, Zhiming Cui, Xu Sun, Zhen Liu, Zezhang Zhu, Yong Qiu
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2) for signal transduction of the cell death receptor is well established. However, the role of TRAF2 in spinal cord injury (SCI) remains unclear. In this study, we detected the dynamic change patterns of TRAF2 expression using an acute spinal cord contusion (SCC) model in adult rats. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry identified significant upregulation of TRAF2 after SCI. Double-immunofluorescent staining demonstrated that the upregulated TRAF2 was found predominantly in neurons...
August 16, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843081/cumulative-childhood-trauma-emotion-regulation-dissociation-and-behavior-problems-in-school-aged-sexual-abuse-victims
#15
Martine Hébert, Rachel Langevin, Essaïd Oussaïd
BACKGROUND: Child sexual abuse is associated with a plethora of devastating repercussions. A significant number of sexually abused children are likely to experience other forms of maltreatment that can seriously affect their emotion regulation abilities and impede on their development. The aim of the study was to test emotion regulation and dissociation as mediators in the association between cumulative childhood trauma and internalized and externalized behavior problems in child victims of sexual abuse...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833882/change-in-care-transition-practice-for-patients-with-non-specific-chest-pain-after-ed-evaluation-2006-2012
#16
Maame Yaa A B Yiadom, Cathy A Jenkins, Christopher W Baugh, Sean P Collins, Monisha C Bhatia, Robert S Dittus, Alan B Storrow
OBJECTIVES: From 2005-2010 healthcare financing shifts in the United States may have affected care transition practices for emergency department (ED) patients with non-specific chest pain (CP) after ED evaluation. Despite being less acutely ill than those with myocardial infarction, these patients' management can be challenging. The risk of missing acute coronary syndrome is considerable enough to often warrant admission. Diagnostic advances and reimbursement limitations on the use of inpatient admission are encouraging the use of alternative ED care transition practices...
August 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827177/cortical-compression-rapidly-trimmed-transcallosal-projections-and-altered-axonal-anterograde-transport-machinery
#17
Li-Jin Chen, Yueh-Jan Wang, Guo-Fang Tseng
Trauma and tumor compressing the brain distort underlying cortical neurons. Compressed cortical neurons remodel their dendrites instantly. The effects on axons however remain unclear. Using a rat epidural bead implantation model, we studied the effects of unilateral somatosensory cortical compression on its transcallosal projection and the reversibility of the changes following decompression. Compression reduced the density, branching profuseness and boutons of the projection axons in the contralateral homotopic cortex 1week and 1month post-compression...
August 19, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814969/the-role-of-open-abdomen-in-non-trauma-patient-wses-consensus-paper
#18
REVIEW
Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fausto Catena, Ernest E Moore, Rao Ivatury, Walter Biffl, Andrew Peitzman, Raul Coimbra, Sandro Rizoli, Yoram Kluger, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Massimo Sartelli, Marc De Moya, George Velmahos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Bruno M Pereira, Ari Leppaniemi, Marja A Boermeester, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Ron Maier, Miklosh Bala, Boris Sakakushev, Vladimir Khokha, Manu Malbrain, Vanni Agnoletti, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Michael Sugrue, Salomone Di Saverio, Ewen Griffiths, Kjetil Soreide, John E Mazuski, Addison K May, Philippe Montravers, Rita Maria Melotti, Michele Pisano, Francesco Salvetti, Gianmariano Marchesi, Tino M Valetti, Thomas Scalea, Osvaldo Chiara, Jeffry L Kashuk, Luca Ansaloni
The open abdomen (OA) is defined as intentional decision to leave the fascial edges of the abdomen un-approximated after laparotomy (laparostomy). The abdominal contents are potentially exposed and therefore must be protected with a temporary coverage, which is referred to as temporal abdominal closure (TAC). OA use remains widely debated with many specific details deserving detailed assessment and clarification. To date, in patients with intra-abdominal emergencies, the OA has not been formally endorsed for routine utilization; although, utilization is seemingly increasing...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814468/persistent-effects-of-acute-stress-on-fear-and-drug-seeking-in-a-novel-model-of-the-comorbidity-between-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-addiction
#19
Christie L Pizzimenti, Tom M Navis, K Matthew Lattal
Even following long periods of abstinence, individuals with anxiety disorders have high rates of relapse to drugs of abuse. Although many current models of relapse demonstrate effects of acute stress on drug-seeking, most of these studies examine stressful experiences that occur in close temporal and physical proximity to the reinstatement test. Here, we assess the effects of a stressful experience in one context on fear and drug-seeking in a different context. We adapt the stress-enhanced fear learning procedure to examine impacts on drug-seeking long after the stressful experience occurred...
September 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814247/fluid-and-medication-considerations-in-the-traumatized-patient
#20
Amita Misir
This article reviews fluid therapy and medications in pediatric trauma. For resuscitation in the setting of hemorrhagic shock, isotonic crystalloid solution is the first-line agent of choice. Colloid solutions offer no additional benefit, introduce possible increased risks and cost more than crystalloids. Blood products, starting with pRBCs, should be introduced after 20-40 ml/kg of crystalloid has been administered if there is ongoing need for volume replacement. The use of a massive transfusion protocol of 1:1:1 (if >30 kg) or 30:20:20 (if <30 kg) of pRBCs:FFP:platelets is suggested after an initial 30 ml/kg of pRBcs have been administered...
August 14, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
keyword
keyword
92240
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"