keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Temporal trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633767/temporal-variation-in-ankle-fractures-and-orthopedic-resident-program-planning-in-an-urban-level-1-trauma-center
#1
Aaron Wynkoop, Osy Ndubaku, Norman Walter, Theresa Atkinson
Previous studies have described the mechanism of ankle fractures, their seasonal variation, and fracture patterns but never in conjunction. In addition, the cohorts previously studied were either not from trauma centers or were often dominated by low-energy mechanisms. The present study aimed to describe the epidemiology of ankle fractures presenting to an urban level 1 trauma center. The records from an urban level 1 trauma center located in the Midwestern United States were retrospectively reviewed, and the injury mechanism and energy, time of injury, day of week, month, and patient characteristics (age, gender, comorbidities, smoking status) were collected...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588807/eosinophilic-angiitis-presenting-with-a-true-fusiform-temporal-artery-aneurysm
#2
Megan MacDiarmid, Dmitri Nepogodiev, Alok Tiwari, Martin Duddy, Martyn Carey, Paresh Jobanputra
Temporal artery aneurysm is a rare cause of temporal artery swelling in the absence of preceding trauma. Vasculitis other than giant cell arteritis, such as eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, should be considered in such cases and a careful assessment of other medium-sized arteries undertaken.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583912/noise-trauma-induced-behavioral-gap-detection-deficits-correlate-with-reorganization-of-excitatory-and-inhibitory-local-circuits-in-the-inferior-colliculus-and-are-prevented-by-acoustic-enrichment
#3
Joshua J Sturm, Ying-Xin Zhang-Hooks, Hannah Roos, Tuan Nguyen, Karl Kandler
Hearing loss leads to a host of cellular and synaptic changes in auditory brain areas, which are thought to give rise to auditory perception deficits such as temporal processing impairments, hyperacusis, or tinnitus. However, little is known about possible changes in synaptic circuit connectivity that may underlie these hearing deficits. Here, we show that mild hearing loss as a result of brief noise exposure leads to a pronounced reorganization of local excitatory and inhibitory circuits in the mouse inferior colliculus...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582290/atypical-growing-pattern-of-superficial-temporal-artery-pseudoaneurysm
#4
Jeonghyun Ha, Yong Hyun Kim, Bo La Yun, Kyu Sang Lee, Chang-Sik Pak, Jae Hoon Jeong
Superficial temporal artery pseudoaneurysm is rare and usually caused by trauma. Pseudoaneurysms have been reported to occur most frequently from 2 to 6 weeks after trauma and they range from 1 to 3 cm in diameter. The authors present a case of a patient with an atypical delayed rapid growing pseudoaneurysm, who had undergone neurosurgery after head trauma 20 years ago.A 72-year-old woman underwent craniotomy and extradural hemorrhage removal through a left temporoparietal incision caused by head trauma after a traffic accident 20 years prior...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576733/neuronal-zinc-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-is-decreased-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-in-patients-and-rats
#5
Ying Liu, Teng Wang, Xi Liu, Xin Wei, Tao Xu, Maojia Yin, Xueying Ding, Lijuan Mo, Lifen Chen
Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a 42-kDa protein encoded by the AZGP1 gene that is known as a lipid mobilizing factor and is highly homologous to major histocompatibility complex class I family molecules. Recently, transcriptomic research has shown that AZGP1 expression is reduced in the brain tissue of epilepsy patients. However, the cellular distribution and biological role of ZAG in the brain and epilepsy are unclear. Patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and brain trauma were included in this study, and pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindled rats were also used...
May 31, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551022/the-relationship-between-post-traumatic-ossicular-injuries-and-conductive-hearing-loss-a-3d-ct-study
#6
Olivier Maillot, Arnaud Attyé, Claire Boutet, Kamel Boubagra, Romain Perolat, Marion Zanolla, Sylvie Grand, Sébastien Schmerber, Alexandre Krainik
PURPOSE: After a trauma, the conductive ossicular chain may be disrupted by ossicular luxation or fracture. Recent developments in 3D-CT allow a better understanding of ossicular injuries. In this retrospective study, we compared patients with post-traumatic conductive hearing loss (CHL) with those referred without CHL to evaluate the relationship between ossicular injuries and CHL. We also assessed the added value of 3D reconstructions on 2D-CT scan to detect ossicular lesions in patients surgically managed...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534710/systematic-review-radiological-and-histological-evidence-of-cochlear-implant-insertion-trauma-in-adult-patients
#7
Emma Hoskison, Scott Mitchell, Chris Coulson
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implantation (CI) has developed from its origins in the 1980s. Initially, CI was for profound bilateral hearing impairment. However, candidacy for CI have become more widespread in recent years with unilateral implantation and an emphasis on hearing preservation. Evidence supports full electrode insertion in an atraumatic fashion into the scala tympani (ST) provides optimal hearing outcomes. The main aim of this systematic review was to elucidate the degree of trauma associated with CI insertion...
May 23, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532277/temporal-parameters-of-post-stress-prophylactic-glucose-treatment-in-rats
#8
M A Conoscenti, E E Hart, N J Smith, T R Minor
Acute trauma can lead to life-long changes in susceptibility to psychiatric disease, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Rats given free access to a concentrated glucose solution for 24 h beginning immediately after trauma failed to show stress-related pathology in the learned helplessness model of PTSD and comorbid major depression. We assessed effective dosing and temporal constraints of the glucose intervention in three experiments. We exposed 120 male Sprague-Dawley rats to 100, 1 mA, 3-15 s, inescapable and unpredictable electric tail shocks (over a 110-min period) or simple restraint in the learned helplessness procedure...
June 20, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531301/a-political-case-of-penetrating-cranial-trauma-the-injury-of-james-scott-brady
#9
Richard Menger, Piyush Kalakoti, Rimal Hanif, Osama Ahmed, Anil Nanda, Bharat Guthikonda
James Brady, the White House press secretary during President Ronald Reagan's first term in office, was 1 of 4 people (including the President) wounded during an attempted assassination attempt on President Reagan's life on March 30, 1981. John Hinckley, Jr. was found not guilty of this attempt by reason of insanity. The assassination attempt was a ploy by Hinckley, Jr. to impress the actress Jodie Foster. Brady was the most seriously injured of the 4 who were wounded. He suffered a gunshot wound to the left forehead that traveled through the left frontal lobe, corpus callosum, and then into the right frontal and temporal lobes...
May 22, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523217/relation-between-patterns-of-intrinsic-network-connectivity-cognitive-functioning-and-symptom-presentation-in-trauma-exposed-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Melissa Parlar, Maria Densmore, Geoffrey B Hall, Paul A Frewen, Ruth A Lanius, Margaret C McKinnon
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated resting fMRI connectivity within the default mode (DMN), salience (SN), and central executive (CEN) networks in relation to neurocognitive performance and symptom severity in trauma-exposed patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Group independent component analysis was conducted among patients with MDD (n = 21), examining DMN, SN, and CEN connectivity in relation to neurocognitive performance and symptom severity...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507768/in-patient-suicide-selection-of-people-at-risk-failure-of-protection-and-the-possibility-of-causation
#11
Matthew Michael Large, Daniel Thomas Chung, Michael Davidson, Mark Weiser, Christopher James Ryan
BACKGROUND: Being a current psychiatric in-patient is one of the strongest statistical risk factors for suicide. It is usually assumed that this strong association is not causal but is a result of the combination of the selection of high-risk patients for admission and the imperfect protection from suicide afforded by psychiatric wards. Logically, a third factor, which is causal, might play a role in the association. It has recently been suggested that adverse experiences in psychiatric units such as trauma, stigma and loss of social role might precipitate some in-patient suicides...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505471/a-prospective-examination-of-risk-factors-in-the-development-of-intrusions-following-a-trauma-analog
#12
Adam J Ripley, Joshua D Clapp, J Gayle Beck
Several factors have been linked to the severity of posttraumatic distress, although retrospective designs in much of the literature limit conclusions regarding the temporal relation between risk factors and corresponding symptoms. To address these concerns, the current project employed an analog trauma paradigm to assess the impact of background characteristics, stress response, and post-stressor affect regulation on subjective distress and intrusive memories experienced during the subsequent processing of emotional stimuli...
May 5, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492861/vena-cava-filter-use-in-trauma-and-rates-of-pulmonary-embolism-2003-2015
#13
Alan D Cook, Brian W Gross, Turner M Osler, Katelyn J Rittenhouse, Eric H Bradburn, Steven R Shackford, Frederick B Rogers
Importance: Vena cava filter (VCF) placement for pulmonary embolism (PE) prophylaxis in trauma is controversial. Limited research exists detailing trends in VCF use and occurrence of PE over time. Objective: To analyze state and nationwide temporal trends in VCF placement and PE occurrence from 2003 to 2015 using available data sets. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective trauma cohort study was conducted using data from the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study (PTOS) (461 974 patients from 2003 to 2015), the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) (5 755 095 patients from 2003 to 2014), and the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) (24 449 476 patients from 2003 to 2013) databases...
May 10, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484831/a-case-of-refractory-subgaleal-hematoma-in-adolescence-treated-with-aspiration-and-endovascular-surgery
#14
Daisuke Wajima, Ichiro Nakagawa, Yukiko Kotani, Takeshi Wada, Hiroshi Yokota, Young-Soo Park, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
A 14-year-old boy experienced sudden headache in the left parietal region, without any history of head trauma. Approximately 40 ml of hematoma was aspirated using a 22-gauge needle, and scalp swelling immediately disappeared. However, the swelling recurred bilaterally 2 weeks later. Left external carotid angiography revealed a reticular shadow consistent with subgaleal hematoma from a branch of bilateral superficial temporal arteries, without any arteriovenous shunts. The patient was successfully treated using the combination of hematoma aspiration and embolization of the superficial temporal artery...
May 9, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478767/veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-exhibit-altered-emotional-processing-and-attentional-control-during-an-emotional-stroop-task
#15
M M Khanna, A S Badura-Brack, T J McDermott, C M Embury, A I Wiesman, A Shepherd, T J Ryan, E Heinrichs-Graham, T W Wilson
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often associated with attention allocation and emotional regulation difficulties, but the brain dynamics underlying these deficits are unknown. The emotional Stroop task (EST) is an ideal means to monitor these difficulties, because participants are asked to attend to non-emotional aspects of the stimuli. In this study, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) and the EST to monitor attention allocation and emotional regulation during the processing of emotionally charged stimuli in combat veterans with and without PTSD...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473356/a-case-of-pulsatile-scalp-swelling-in-a-child
#16
Daisy Khera, Pushpinder Singh Khera, Arvind Sinha, Neeraj Mehta
Arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) are an entity most commonly seen in the head and neck region. An AVF is a direct connection between the arterial feeders and the draining veins without intervening capillary beds (unlike an arteriovenous malformation in which a nidus intervenes between the arteries and veins). We describe a case of traumatic AVF in a child aged 9 years, who presented with a pulsatile scalp swelling following blunt trauma to the head. It turned out to be an AVF between the superficial temporal artery and vein...
May 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472506/transport-related-stress-and-its-resolution-in-turkey-pullets-activation-of-a-pro-inflammatory-response-in-peripheral-blood-leukocytes
#17
Yossi Wein, Zohar Geva, Enav Bar-Shira, Aharon Friedman
The transportation process is one of the most stressful practices in poultry and livestock management. Extensive knowledge is available on the impact of transport on stress and animal welfare; however, little is known on the impact of transport on the physiology of turkey pullets, their welfare and health, and even less on the process of homeostatic recovery in the post-transport new environment. The main focus of this manuscript was to focus on trauma, stress, and recovery following transport of turkey pullets from nurseries to pullet farms...
May 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468146/microsurgical-replantation-of-total-avulsed-scalp-extending-the-limits
#18
Yunbo Jin, Chen Hua, Xiaojie Hu, Hui Chen, Gang Ma, Yun Zou, Bin Chen, Dongze Lyu, Mathias Tremp, Xiaoxi Lin
BACKGROUND: Avulsion of the scalp is a rare but severe trauma and challenging to the reconstructive surgeon. It poses not only physical concussion but also significant persisting psychological distress to the patients. METHODS: Medical records from 5 patients who suffered scalp avulsion were reviewed retrospectively. The following data and methods were assessed: age, number of vessels repaired, method of replantation, vein grafts required, blood transfusion, ischemia time, total operating time, and percentage of scalp survival...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460252/effects-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-on-parvalbumin-and-perineuronal-net-expression-in-the-mouse-primary-auditory-cortex
#19
Anna Nguyen, Haroun M Khaleel, Khaleel A Razak
Noise induced hearing loss is associated with increased excitability in the central auditory system but the cellular correlates of such changes remain to be characterized. Here we tested the hypothesis that noise-induced hearing loss causes deterioration of perineuronal nets (PNNs) in the auditory cortex of mice. PNNs are specialized extracellular matrix components that commonly enwrap cortical parvalbumin (PV) containing GABAergic interneurons. Compared to somatosensory and visual cortex, relatively less is known about PV/PNN expression patterns in the primary auditory cortex (A1)...
April 27, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459267/trauma-and-ptss-of-zimbabwean-refugees-in-south-africa-a-summary-of-published-studies
#20
Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
OBJECTIVE: This paper is a report of 4 published papers on posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)/posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and traumas experienced by homeless Zimbabwean refugees living in South Africa. The general purpose of the papers was to explore how pre- and postmigration difficulties predicts posttraumatic stress symptoms/disorder; to understand gender differences in PTSS/PTSD reports using quantitative and qualitative approaches; and finally, to understand the nature of abuses, perpetrators, and sex of perpetrators...
May 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
keyword
keyword
92240
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"