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Temporal trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812040/effect-of-changes-in-artificial-turf-on-sports-injuries-in-male-university-soccer-players
#1
Kohei Fujitaka, Akira Taniguchi, Tsukasa Kumai, Shingo Otuki, Mamoru Okubo, Yasuhito Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing the types and severity of trauma and injuries caused by different types of field surfaces have been conducted. However, there have been no studies on sports injuries caused by temporal deterioration of long-pile artificial turf fields and related decreases in the rubber chip and silica sand infill. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of an artificial turf field on sports injuries in a university soccer team. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808648/traumatic-arteriovenous-malformation-of-the-superficial-temporal-artery
#2
Mahmoud Omrani Fard, Omid Yousofnejad, Mohammadbagher Heydari
Most of the vascular lesions on head and neck soft tissue are congenital, but a rare cause can be trauma. A 23-year-old man came to our clinic with a wide pulsatile tortuous mass in the left temporofrontal area. That mass was appeared since 10 years ago. Ten years before his coming to our clinic, he had a blunt trauma in that area. After that, a small wound appeared there and healed gradually. In clinical examination, mass was large and pulsatile, and a fine murmur was detected from it. In paraclinical examination, computed tomography scan with intravenous contrast and sonography revealed a vascular mass with arteriovenous (AV) fistula in soft tissue only in that area...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796083/a-new-slim-modiolar-electrode-array-for-cochlear-implantation-a-radiological-and-histological-study
#3
Matti Iso-Mustajärvi, Hanna Matikka, Frank Risi, Sini Sipari, Teemu Koski, Tytti Willberg, Antti Lehtimäki, Jyrki Tervaniemi, Heikki Löppönen, Aarno Dietz
HYPOTHESIS: To explore the results of a new slim modiolar electrode array (SMA) with respect to intracochlear placement and trauma evaluated by detailed radiologic imaging and histology. BACKGROUND: Hearing and structure preservation is the goal of cochlear implantation for advanced hearing outcomes. Currently, this is most consistently achieved with thin lateral wall electrodes. Modiolar electrodes are located nearer the modiolus and may provide some electrophysiological advantages, but have a greater tendency for causing insertion trauma...
August 8, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794976/general-and-emotion-specific-alterations-to-cognitive-control-in-women-with-a-history-of-childhood-abuse
#4
Kristen L Mackiewicz Seghete, Roselinde H Kaiser, Anne P DePrince, Marie T Banich
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the literature suggests alterations in activation of cognitive control regions in adults and adolescents with a history of childhood abuse. The current study examined whether such alterations are increased in the face of emotionally-distracting as compared to emotionally neutral information, and whether such alterations occur in brain regions that exert cognitive control in a more top-down sustained manner or a more bottom-up transient manner. METHODS: Participants were young adult women (ages 23-30): one group with a history of childhood physical or sexual abuse (N = 15) and one with no trauma exposure (N = 17), as assessed through the Trauma History Questionnaire and a two-stage interview adapted from the National Crime Victims Survey...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771018/treatment-of-co-occurring-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-substance-use-does-order-of-onset-influence-outcomes
#5
Kaitlin E Bountress, Christal Badour, Julianne Flanagan, Amanda K Gilmore, Sudie E Back
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUDs) represent major public health concerns, particularly among veterans. They are associated with significant distress and impairment, and are highly comorbid. Little is known, however, about what role the temporal order of diagnostic onset may play in severity of presenting symptomatology and treatment outcomes. The aim of this study, therefore, was to examine treatment outcomes by order of onset. METHOD: Participants were 46 U...
August 3, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770904/traumatic-dislocation-of-phakic-anterior-chamber-iris-claw-intraocular-lens-a-case-report
#6
Nauman Hashmani, Mariam Saleem, Hina Rajani, Sharif Hashmani
We are presenting a traumatic dislocation of a Phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) secondary to a blunt trauma to the right eye. The patient presented with a sudden blurring of vision with no other associated injury. His slit lamp examination showed disenclavation of the temporal clip and pre-operatively his best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) was 6/36. The patient was brought to the operating room where his lens was repositioned and re-enclaved. He had a complete restoration of vision with a BSCVA of 6/9 and an endothelial cell count of 2786/mm2...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762151/a-preliminary-investigation-of-short-term%C3%A2-cytokine%C3%A2-expression-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-secondary-to-high-level-orthodontic-forces-and-the-associated-root-resorption-case-series-analytical-study
#7
Rajiv Ahuja, Moahmmed Almuzian, Alamgir Khan, Dana Pascovici, Oyku Dalci, M Ali Darendeliler
BACKGROUND: Orthodontically induced iatrogenic root resorption (OIIRR) is an unavoidable inflammatory process. Several factors claimed to be related to the severity of OIIRR. Orthodontic forces cause micro-trauma to the periodontal ligament and activate a cascade of cellular events associated with local periodontal inflammation. The purpose of this split-mouth study were (1) to investigate the changes in cytokine profile in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) secondary to heavy orthodontic forces and (2) to compare the cytokine expression between participants showing high and low root resorption...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737767/sensitive-and-non-invasive-method-for-the-in-vivo-analysis-of-membrane-permeability-in-small-animals
#8
Andrea Fernandez-Carrera, Eva Vigo, Carla Regueiro-Rodríguez, África González-Fernández, David Olivieri, Luiz S Aroeira
Tissue membranes are boundaries that isolate organs or cavities in the body. These semi-permeable membranes are responsible for passive protection that acts through the regulation of nutrient absorption, secretion and filtration of small molecules. These functions could be altered as a consequence of inflammation or trauma, which in turn could lead to changes in permeability, allowing the entrance of toxins, antigens, proteins or facilitating the spread of tumors. Membrane permeability therefore plays an important role in numerous diseases...
July 24, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714778/how-clients-change-emotion-with-emotion-a-programme-of-research-on-emotional-processing
#9
Antonio Pascual-Leone
This paper reviews a body of research that has examined Pascual-Leone and Greenberg's sequential model of emotional processing or used its accompanying measure (the Classification of Affective Meaning States). Research from 24 studies using a plurality of methods examined process-outcome relationships from micro to macro levels of observation and builds support for emotional transformation as a possible causal mechanism of change in psychotherapy. A pooled sample of 310 clinical and 130 sub-clinical cases have been studied, reflecting the process of 7 different treatment approaches in addressing over 5 different presenting clinical problems (including depression, anxiety, relational trauma, and personality disorders)...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714594/neural-correlates-of-heart-rate-variability-in-ptsd-during-sub-and-supraliminal-processing-of-trauma-related-cues
#10
Daniela Rabellino, Wendy D'Andrea, Greg Siegle, Paul A Frewen, Reese Minshew, Maria Densmore, Richard W Neufeld, Jean Théberge, Margaret C McKinnon, Ruth A Lanius
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by dysregulated arousal and altered cardiac autonomic response as evidenced by decreased high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV), an indirect measure of parasympathetic modulation of the heart. Indeed, subtle threatening cues can cause autonomic dysregulation, even without explicit awareness of the triggering stimulus. Accordingly, examining the neural underpinnings associated with HF-HRV during both sub- and supraliminal exposure to trauma-related cues is critical to an enhanced understanding of autonomic nervous system dysfunction in PTSD...
July 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712672/noise-induced-cochlear-synaptopathy-in-rhesus-monkeys-macaca-mulatta
#11
M D Valero, J A Burton, S N Hauser, T A Hackett, R Ramachandran, M C Liberman
Cochlear synaptopathy can result from various insults, including acoustic trauma, aging, ototoxicity, or chronic conductive hearing loss. For example, moderate noise exposure in mice can destroy up to ∼50% of synapses between auditory nerve fibers (ANFs) and inner hair cells (IHCs) without affecting outer hair cells (OHCs) or thresholds, because the synaptopathy occurs first in high-threshold ANFs. However, the fiber loss likely impairs temporal processing and hearing-in-noise, a classic complaint of those with sensorineural hearing loss...
July 8, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708222/multimodal-imaging-in-a-patient-with-traumatic-choroidal-ruptures
#12
Luisa Pierro, Chiara Giuffrè, Alessandro Rabiolo, Marco Gagliardi, Alessandro Arrigo, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To describe the case and the follow-up of a traumatic choroidal rupture characterized by means of multimodal imaging including color fundus photographs, infrared reflectance, blue autofluorescence, swept-source optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 17-year-old boy was referred to our clinic complaining of reduction in visual acuity in the right eye (RE) after a blunt ocular trauma during a soccer match...
July 5, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700414/evaluation-of-gut-blood-barrier-gbb-dysfunction-in-various-models-of-trauma-haemorrhagic-shock-and-burn-injury
#13
Lisa Wrba, Annette Palmer, Christian Karl Braun, Markus Huber-Lang
Dysfunction of the gut-blood barrier (GBB) plays a pivotal role in various diseases, including trauma, haemorrhagic shock (HS) and burn injury, as well as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Whereas GBB disruption significantly contributes to IBD, the exact extent and consequences of GBB failure and its reliable determination in the clinical course following trauma remain rather unclear. A compromised GBB function seems to contribute to remote organ injury after trauma by generation of inflammatory mediators and biologically active lymph, which in turn augments the inflammatory response...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700410/quantifying-and-exploring-the-recent-national-increase-in-surgical-stabilization-of-rib-fractures
#14
Erica Kane, Elan Jeremitsky, Fredric M Pieracci, Sarah Majercik, Andrew R Doben
INTRODUCTION: Surgical Stabilization of Rib Fractures (SSRF) has become pivotal in the management of severe chest injuries. Recent literature supports improved outcomes and mortality in severe fracture and flail chest patients who undergo SSRF compared to non-operative management (NOM). A 2014 National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) review provided a point prevalence of 0.7% SSRF in flail patients. We hypothesize that this prevalence is increasing and that temporal, regional, and American College of Surgeons (ACS) trauma designation vary in SSRF utilization...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697871/patterns-of-antimicrobial-agent-prescription-in-a-sentinel-population-of-canine-and-feline-veterinary-practices-in-the-united-kingdom
#15
D A Singleton, F Sánchez-Vizcaíno, S Dawson, P H Jones, P J M Noble, G L Pinchbeck, N J Williams, A D Radford
Antimicrobial resistance is an increasingly important global health threat and the use of antimicrobial agents is a key risk factor in its development. This study describes antimicrobial agent prescription (AAP) patterns over a 2year period using electronic health records (EHRs) from booked consultations in a network of 457 sentinel veterinary premises in the United Kingdom. A semi-automated classification methodology was used to map practitioner defined product codes in 918,333 EHRs from 413,870 dogs and 352,730 EHRs from 200,541 cats, including 289,789 AAPs...
June 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697349/styloid-process-fracture-associated-with-maxillofacial-trauma-incidence-distribution-and-management
#16
P K Tiwary, N K Sahoo, Ankur Thakral, Udayan Ranjan
PURPOSE: Fracture of the styloid process of the temporal bone has been infrequently reported. The present study evaluated the incidence, causes, distribution, and management of styloid process fracture in association with other maxillofacial fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective evaluation of patients with maxillofacial trauma over a period of 1 year was carried out and patients' characteristics, mode and distribution of injury, and length of styloid process were recorded...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682826/misleading-eeg-lateralization-associated-with-midline-shift
#17
Gena R Ghearing, Sergiu Abramovici, Alexandra Popescu, Maria E Baldwin
Midline discharges, lateralized periodic discharges, and seizures have been described with ipsilateral lesions that result in midline shift (MLS). Periodic discharges and seizures arising contralateral to a known lesion have not previously been described as a sign of MLS. We present four patients with focal brain lesions, resulting in MLS and epileptiform discharges arising from the contralateral hemisphere. Patient 1 underwent a right anterior temporal lobectomy. On postoperative day 2, computed tomography demonstrated a right to left MLS of 12 mm, and EEG was remarkable for left temporal nonconvulsive status epilepticus...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678056/enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct-syndrome-sudden-hearing-loss-in-a-child-with-a-cerebral-shunt
#18
Wendi-Jo Wendt, Andrew Hashikawa
Enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome (EVAS) is the most common congenital ear anomaly that causes sensorineural hearing loss in children and may predispose a child to sudden hearing loss from sudden pressure changes or minor head trauma. We report a case of a 4-year-old boy with a history of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt and migraines who presented to the emergency department with parental and child care provider reports of acute hearing loss, without a history of trauma, infection, or hardware malfunction, who was diagnosed with bilateral EVAS...
July 4, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661715/patient-characteristics-and-temporal-trends-in-police-transport-of-blunt-trauma-patients-a-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Elinore J Kaufman, Sara F Jacoby, Catherine E Sharoky, Brendan G Carr, M Kit Delgado, Patrick M Reilly, Daniel N Holena
BACKGROUND: Police transport (PT) of penetrating trauma patients has the potential to decrease prehospital times for patients with life-threatening hemorrhage and is part of official policy in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. We hypothesized that rates of PT of bluntly injured patients have increased over the past decade. METHODS: We used Pennsylvania Trauma Outcomes Study registry data from 2006-15 to identify bluntly injured adult patients transported to all 8 trauma centers in Philadelphia...
June 29, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656167/epidemiological-profile-of-extremity-fractures-and-dislocations-in-road-traffic-accidents-in-kashan-iran-a-glance-at-the-related-disabilities
#20
Mehrdad Mahdian, Mohammad R Fazel, Mojtaba Sehat, Gholamreza Khosravi, Mahdi Mohammadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Apart from the mortality, road traffic injuries are associated with significant morbidities. This study has aimed to examine the pattern of traffic accident-related extremity fractures/dislocations and their related disabilities. METHODS: A retrospective hospital-based study was conducted to assess the characteristics of limb fractures/dislocations among road traffic accident victims registered in Trauma Research Center registry of Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran, during 2012-2013...
May 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
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