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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818059/influence-of-sense-of-coherence-on-adolescents-self-perceived-dental-aesthetics-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Aline Cavalcanti da Costa, Fabrícia Soares Rodrigues, Priscila Prosini da Fonte, Aronita Rosenblatt, Nicola Patricia Thérèse Innes, Mônica Vilela Heimer
BACKGROUND: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents...
August 17, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815260/-improving-the-teaching-quality-by-multiple-tools-and-technology-in-oral-histopathology-experimental-course
#2
Zhen Tian, Li-Zhen Wang, Yu-Hua Hu, Chun-Ye Zhang, Jiang Li
PURPOSES: Oral histopathology is a course which needs to be combined with theory and practice closely. Experimental course plays an important role in teaching oral histopathology. Here, we aim to explore a series of effective measures to improve the teaching quality of experimental course and tried to train observation, thinking, analysis and problem solving skills of dental students. METHODS: We re-edited and updated the experimental textbook "guidelines of experimental course of oral histopathology", and published the reference book for experimental course--"color pocket atlas of oral histopathology: experiment and diadactic teaching"...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814841/use-of-care-and-the-oral-health-status-of-people-aged-60-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-national-health-and-disability-survey
#3
Gérald Maille, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Anne-Marie Ferrandez, Michel Ruquet
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze, from the data in a national survey, the use of oral care and the oral health status of patients living at home or in an institution. BACKGROUND: Patients aged 60 years and older have important oral health needs, but their oral management may differ according to their immediate environment. The fact of living at home or in an institution can influence the use of care and alter the patients' perception of their oral health status. METHODS: The data analyzed were taken from a survey on disability and health carried out in 2008-2009, which is representative of the population living in France...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804939/assessing-the-application-of-knowledge-in-clinical-problem-solving-the-structured-professional-reasoning-exercise
#4
M P Escudier, M J Woolford, J A Tricio
INTRODUCTION: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental and core clinical competence of healthcare professionals. The study aimed to investigate the utility of the Structured Professional Reasoning Exercise (SPRE), a new competence assessment method designed to measure dental students' clinical reasoning in simulated scenarios, covering the clinical areas of Oral Disease, Primary Dental Care and Restorative Dentistry, Child Dental Health and Dental Practice and Clinical Governance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 313 year-5 students sat for the assessment...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798441/minimal-intervention-management-of-the-older-patient
#5
L J Walsh
With an aging population, dentists need to be aware of the risks which come to their elderly patients from retained teeth and exposed root surfaces. Oral health problems in the later years of life are multifactorial, with lifestyle, plaque and salivary factors remaining paramount. Root surface caries is likely to present a challenge in patients with a strong history of past coronal caries (and who have the attendant lifestyle risk factors) as well as in elderly patients who suddenly develop salivary hypofunction...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797219/unresolving-trismus-following-third-molar-surgery-report-of-a-case-of-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva-with-review-of-literature
#6
B R Rajanikanth, Kavitha Prasad, K Vineeth, Sushma M N Sonale, Khuteja Al-Kubra
BACKGROUND: Trismus is a problem commonly encountered by the dental practitioner. It has a number of potential causes, and its treatment will depend on the cause. However, there are very few reports of trismus due to fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) following third molar surgery. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: FOP is a rare human genetic disorder with characteristic clinical features like progressive formation of extraskeletal bone or heterotopic ossification and congenital malformation of the great toes...
August 11, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791979/clinical-and-radiographic-evaluation-of-double-teeth-in-primary-dentition-and-associated-anomalies-in-the-permanent-successors
#7
M Aydinbelge, A E Sekerci, S Caliskan, H Gumus, Y Sisman, K Cantekin
OBJECTIVE: Understanding potential problems associated with primary double teeth (PDT) are important to provide prophylactic measures, thereby preventing or minimizing possible complications. The purposes of this study were to investigate the prevalence of PDT in a group of Turkish children and to compare the distribution of the different types of double primary teeth and their relationship to permanent successors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 17,268 children underwent a clinical examination to determine the presence of PDT...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791973/pattern-of-prescription-of-antibiotics-among-dental-practitioners-in-jeddah-ksa-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
K Al-Johani, S G Reddy, A S Al Mushayt, A El-Housseiny
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate use of antibiotics by clinicians leads to antibiotic resistance, and is a serious global health concern. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine antibiotic prescription practices of dental practitioners and their adherence to professional guidelines while treating oral health problems among children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the dentists working in Jeddah were invited to participate and 126 dentists consented to be a part of this study...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791830/zirconium-the-material-of-the-future-in-modern-implantology
#9
REVIEW
Paweł Kubasiewicz-Ross, Marzena Dominiak, Tomasz Gedrange, Ute U Botzenhart
The authors present the contemporary state of knowledge concerning alternative materials for dental implantology. First of all, factors influencing osseointegration are stated. The most important factors seem to be the type of implant surface. Among the numerous parameters describing them, the most important are: average roughness and porous density. Some studies proved that materials with comparable surface roughness provide similar osseointegration. In modern implantology titanium is the material still considered as a "gold standard"...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789933/radiation-protection-in-dental-radiology-recent-advances-and-future-directions
#10
V Tsapaki
Dental radiology uses X-ray technology to diagnose and design treatment of various clinical problems related to the oral cavity and surrounding tissues. As technology quickly evolves, there are numerous X-ray modalities using different tools in the attempt to best image and treat efficiently these diseases, disorders or other related clinical conditions. The reported numbers of dental X-rays, the fact that these may be under-reported in many countries and because dental X-rays are performed more on younger individuals, whose teeth and dentition are still developing, calls for increased need on radiation protection...
August 5, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782099/knowledge-perceptions-and-clinical-application-of-the-shortened-dental-arch-concept-among-malaysian-government-dentists
#11
Siti Kamilah Mohd Kasim, Ishak Abdul Razak, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof
AIM: To assess the knowledge and perceptions of Malaysian government dentists regarding the shortened dental arch (SDA) concept and its application in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: The SDA concept refers to a specific type of dentition with intact anterior teeth and a reduction in posterior occlusal pairs. Dentists' knowledge and perceptions of the SDA concept can influence its application in clinical practice. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire on the SDA concept was distributed to 326 government dentists in the states of Selangor and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
August 7, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777697/combined-digital-conventional-technique-for-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-epidermolysis-bullosa-a-case-letter
#12
Marzieh Alikhasi, Reza Sharifi, Mehran Falahchai
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a hereditary mucocutaneous disorder with several oral and systemic manifestations. Major problems with dental management of such patients are blisters induced from trauma and microstomia. Therefore, fixed implant-supported prosthesis may result in higher levels of satisfaction in complete edentulous EB patients. In several cases, the clinicians encounter with difficulties during the treatment procedure using conventional methods. In following report, oral rehabilitation of a completely edentulous EB patient with fixed implant-supported prosthesis on four dental implants using combination of digital and conventional methods are described...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771952/prevalence-and-determinants-of-frailty-and-associated-comorbidities-among-older-gurkha-welfare-pensioners-in-nepal
#13
Sirjana Devkota, Bruce Anderson, Roy L Soiza, Phyo K Myint
AIM: Population aging is increasing in low-income countries. Despite this, there is distinct lack of knowledge about the prevalence of comorbidities and determinants of frailty among older people in these countries. METHODS: We examined data from "Health and Social Care Needs Assessment Survey of the Gurkha Welfare Pensioners" carried out in 2014. Participants were aged ≥60 years from the Gorakha, Lamjung and Tanahu districts of Nepal. Face-to-face interviews were carried out using validated questionnaires...
August 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771709/assessment-of-the-referral-system-for-surgical-removal-of-third-molars-at-the-dental-faculty-king-saud-university
#14
Randa Abdul Moein Al Fotawi, Manju Roby Philip, Sangeetah Negavara Premnath
INTRODUCTION: There is compelling evidence that prophylactic extraction of third molars is a health problem that needs to be addressed. In particular, the vast amount of evidence demonstrating complications after removal of third molars, rather than supporting the necessity of removal or the negative effects of retention, raise this concern. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the referral system for third molar extraction at our institution by assessing patient opinions and the experience of the oral surgeons and the referring dentists...
August 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770188/early-childhood-caries-prevalence-risk-factors-and-prevention
#15
REVIEW
Sukumaran Anil, Pradeep S Anand
Early childhood caries (ECC) is major oral health problem, mainly in socially disadvantaged populations. ECC affects infants and preschool children worldwide. The prevalence of ECC differs according to the group examined, and a prevalence of up to 85% has been reported for disadvantaged groups. ECC is the presence of one or more decayed, missing, or filled primary teeth in children aged 71 months (5 years) or younger. It begins with white-spot lesions in the upper primary incisors along the margin of the gingiva...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766765/impact-of-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-on-quality-of-life
#16
Jyothi Tadakamadla, Santhosh Kumar, Ratilal Lalloo, Gandhi Babu, Newell W Johnson
BACKGROUND: Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders (OPMDs) could have a significant psychological impact on patients, principally because of the unknown risk of malignant transformation, while the physical and functional impairments could differ. This study aimed to assess the impact of three different OPMDs and their disease stages on the Quality of Life (QoL) of affected patients. METHODS: Oral Leukoplakia (OL), Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) and Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSF) patients who were undergoing treatment at an oral medicine clinic of a dental teaching hospital in India were the study population...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766750/using-food-comfortability-to-compare-food-s-sensory-characteristics-expectations-of-elderly-people-with-or-without-oral-health-problems
#17
Mathilde Vandenberghe-Descamps, Claire Sulmont-Rossé, Chantal Septier, Gilles Feron, Hélène Labouré
Food consumption is by far the most important point where food's organoleptic properties can be perceived and can elicit sensory pleasure. Ageing is often accompanied by oral impairments. Those impairments may impact food perception by changing texture perception and the release of flavor components, which have a significant impact on food acceptability. The present study aimed at evaluating the impact of oral health on the perception of food comfortability in an elderly population. This was achieved by asking elderly people with a good oral health and elderly people with poor oral health to rate six cereal products and six meat products using a food comfortability questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765466/estimating-the-number-of-dentists-needed-in-2040
#18
Stephen A Eklund, Howard L Bailit
Numerous factors that underlie the need for dentists are undergoing significant changes. Three factors are especially important: 1) improvements in oral health; 2) lower expenditures per patient per year, giving dentists the incentive to treat more patients to maintain incomes that justify their investment in dental education and practice; and 3) dental schools' producing new dentists at a faster rate than the growth in the population. If these trends continue, there is likely to be a dentist surplus of between 32% and 110% by 2040...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765460/are-dental-schools-part-of-the-safety-net
#19
Howard L Bailit
This article examines the current safety net activities of dental schools and reviews strategies by which schools could care for more poor and low-income patients. The primary data come from the annual Survey of Dental Education, a joint American Dental Education Association (ADEA) and American Dental Association (ADA) activity. The analyses use descriptive statistics and are intended to give ballpark estimates of patients treated under varying clinical scenarios. Some 107.4 million people are underserved in comparison to utilization rates for middle-income Americans...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765438/dental-faculty-members-pedagogic-beliefs-and-curriculum-aims-in-problem-based-learning-an-exploratory-study
#20
HsingChi von Bergmann, Judith Walker, Kirsten R Dalrymple, Charles F Shuler
The aims of this exploratory study were to explore dental faculty members' views and beliefs regarding knowledge, the dental profession, and teaching and learning and to determine how these views related to their problem-based learning (PBL) instructional practices. Prior to a PBL in dental education conference held in 2011, all attendees were invited to complete a survey focused on their pedagogical beliefs and practices in PBL. Out of a possible 55 participants, 28 responded. Additionally, during the conference, a forum was held in which preliminary survey findings were shared and participants contributed to focus group data collection...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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