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Dental problems

D-D-S Cavalcante, A-R Pinto-Quidute, M-R Alves-Martins, A-S Walter-de-Aguiar, A-M-P Lima-Cid, P-G-B Silva, R-F Cavalcante, F-W-G Costa
BACKGROUND: Sheehan's syndrome (SS) is one of the leading causes of hypopituitarism in developing countries. It occurs after postpartum necrosis of the pituitary gland, and it is considered a significant public health problem. This paper, apparently unpublished, aimed to perform an analysis on oral aspects in patients with SS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 23 women diagnosed with SS at the Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes (Walter Cantídio University Hospital, Fortaleza, Brazil)...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
J Lewney, R D Holmes, J Rankin, C Exley
Background: Inequalities in dental decay in young children persist, resulting in high admission rates for general anaesthetics for tooth extractions. Health visitors have the potential to improve dental attendance and oral health in families least likely to engage with dental services. There is little evidence on health visitor views on this. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 17 health visitors working in both affluent and deprived areas in a single UK city...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Päivi Jussila, Jarno Knuutila, Sampo Salmela, Ritva Näpänkangas, Jari Päkkilä, Pertti Pirttiniemi, Aune Raustia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between risk factors and pain-related symptoms and clinical signs of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in Northern Finland Birth Cohort (NFBC) 1966. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1962 subjects (1050 women, 912 men) attended the follow-up study. The questionnaires included the subjects' background information concerning living conditions and general health, socioeconomic factors, and dental health. The clinical examination was performed using the modified protocol of Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) presented at the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) Conference in 2010...
June 19, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Piotr Wranicz, Bente Brokstad Herlofson, Jan F Evensen, Ulf E Kongsgaard
Introduction Trismus, or limited mouth opening, is a well-known complication of head and neck cancer and its treatment. It may be caused by tumour infiltration into the masticatory muscles or by treatment like surgery and radiotherapy. A limited mouth opening may have a negative effect on nutrition, phonation, dental hygiene and treatment, and quality of life. The severity of this complication depends on the location of the tumour, the type of reconstruction, the total radiation dose, fractionation, and treatment techniques...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Sreevatsan Raghavan, Koshi Philip, Puneet Batra, Agneta Marcusson
Objective: To evaluate the influence of dentofacial attractiveness using the 'Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire' (PIDAQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Aesthetic Component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) in patients with cleft lip/palate (CLP), and non-cleft orthodontic patients (Non-CLP) and their parents. Materials and methods: Eighty patients (aged 11-19 years) comprising 40 CLP and 40 non-CLP were administered the PIDAQ and SWLS questionnaires to be rated individually by the patients, along with IOTN-AC rated by the patients and their parents, respectively...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
Laura A Zanella-Calzada, Carlos E Galván-Tejada, Nubia M Chávez-Lamas, Jesús Rivas-Gutierrez, Rafael Magallanes-Quintanar, Jose M Celaya-Padilla, Jorge I Galván-Tejada, Hamurabi Gamboa-Rosales
Oral health represents an essential component in the quality of life of people, being a determinant factor in general health since it may affect the risk of suffering other conditions, such as chronic diseases. Oral diseases have become one of the main public health problems, where dental caries is the condition that most affects oral health worldwide, occurring in about 90% of the global population. This condition has been considered a challenge because of its high prevalence, besides being a chronic but preventable disease which can be caused depending on the consumption of certain nutritional elements interacting simultaneously with different factors, such as socioeconomic factors...
June 18, 2018: Bioengineering
Robert Stencel, Jacek Kasperski, Wojciech Pakieła, Anna Mertas, Elżbieta Bobela, Izabela Barszczewska-Rybarek, Grzegorz Chladek
Secondary caries is one of the important issues related to using dental composite restorations. Effective prevention of cariogenic bacteria survival may reduce this problem. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity and physical properties of composite materials with silver sodium hydrogen zirconium phosphate (SSHZP). The antibacterial filler was introduced at concentrations of 1%, 4%, 7%, 10%, 13%, and 16% ( w / w ) into model composite material consisting of methacrylate monomers and silanized glass and silica fillers...
June 18, 2018: Materials
Ewa Rodakowska, Magdalena Wilczyńska-Borawska, Justyna Fryc, Joanna Baginska, Beata Naumnik
Aims: The aims of the study were to determine oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients and to estimate which scale describing OHRQoL, Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) or Geriatric/General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI), was more useful in this particular group. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted by means of a census survey. The Polish versions of OHIP-14 and GOHAI were used to assess OHRQoL. The oral examination included decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMF-T) Index; Oral Hygiene Index simplified; Plaque Index and Gingival Index...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Claudio Rostetter, Tim Finkenstädt, Martin Rücker, Heinz-Theo Lübbers
This manuscript provides an overview of therapeutic options for the problem of bleeding in a dentist’s office. Bleeding after tooth extraction is a very common finding in dental medicine and persistent blood in the mouth is obviously uncomfortable and sometimes terrifying for the patient. Most bleedings can be stopped simply with compression, in some cases a homeostatic therapy is necessary. For local compression, a swab with tranexamic acid is useful. If local compression is not sufficient, sutures are often an option...
June 18, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Nallan C S K Chaitanya, P Karunakar, Neeharika Satya Jyothi Allam, M Hima Priya, B Alekhya, Shaguftha Nauseen
Background: Community water fluoridation is widely used worldwide and its role in preventive dental health care is well established. However, there is sufficient evidence of the ill effects of excessive fluoride content in water, causing skeletal and dental fluorosis. Alongside, there was also extraskeletal and dental manifestations of excessive fluorides reported. They include the effect on thyroid function, but the literature regarding this is sparse. Aim: The present systematic review aims to analyze the data from controlled studies about the effect of fluoride on thyroid function...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Susan Jill Stocks, Ailsa Donnelly, Aneez Esmail, Joanne Beresford, Sarah Luty, Richard Deacon, Avril Danczak, Nicola Mann, David Townsend, James Ashley, Carolyn Gamble, Paul Bowie, Stephen M Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the frequency of patient-perceived potentially harmful problems occurring in primary care. To describe the type of problem, patient predictors of perceiving a problem, the primary care service involved, how the problem was discussed and patient suggestions as to how the problem might have been prevented. To describe clinician/public opinions regarding the likelihood that the patient-described scenario is potentially harmful. DESIGN: Population-level survey...
June 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Gabriel Felipe Guimarães, Edilmar Marcelino, Ivana Cesarino, Fábio Bossoi Vicente, Carlos Roberto Grandini, Rafael Plana Simões
INTRODUCTION: High levels of shrinkage stress caused by volumetric variations during the activation process are one of the main problems in the practical application of composite resins. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to reduce the shrinkage stress and minimize the effects caused by composite resin volumetric variation due to the photopolymerization. In this way, this work proposes a systematic study to determine the optimal dimming function to be applied to light curing processes...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Venkatayogi Sudarshan, Adimalla Narsimha, S V G Das
Excess fluoride in drinking water has been one of the leading problem faced by the arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Significantly in India the people suffer from fluorosis comparing to other toxic elements like Arsenic etc., in drinking water. Approximately, in India the excessive fluoride in groundwater is noticed in 177 districts covering 21 states, affecting 66 million people, including 6 million children and Moreover, the latest estimation gives nearly 200 million people, from among 25 nations the world over, are affected by the deadly disease of fluorosis [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12], [13], [14]...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Barbara Janssens, Jacques Vanobbergen, Mirko Petrovic, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jos Mga Schols, Luc De Visschere
AIMS: To assess the impact of an oral healthcare program in nursing homes on the initial treatment backlog and residents' oral health stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is a longitudinal cohort study in nursing home residents in Flanders, Belgium, to evaluate the oral healthcare programme Gerodent. The program consisted of: (1) the introduction of an oral healthcare team, (2) oral health education, (3) the implementation of oral health guidelines and protocols, and (4) regular visits of a mobile dental team...
2018: PloS One
Amina Al-Yassin, Alistair D Calder, Mike Harrison, Tracy Lester, Helen Lord, Michael Oldridge, Sophie Watkins, Richard Keen, Emma L Wakeling
Metaphyseal dysplasia with maxillary hypoplasia and brachydactyly (MDMHB) is an autosomal-dominant skeletal dysplasia characterised by metaphyseal flaring of the long bones, enlargement of the medial halves of the clavicles, maxillary hypoplasia, brachydactyly, dental anomalies and mild osteoporosis. To date, only one large French Canadian family and a Finnish woman have been reported with the condition. In both, intragenic duplication encompassing exons 3-5 of the RUNX2 gene was identified. We describe a new, three-generation family with clinical features of MDMHB and an intragenic tandem duplication of RUNX2 exons 3-6...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Chun-Chieh Huang, Raghuvaran Narayanan, Noah Warshawsky, Sriram Ravindran
Dental pulp is a highly vascularized and innervated tissue that provides sensitivity and vitality to the tooth. Chronic caries results in an infected pulp tissue prone to necrosis. Existing clinical treatments replace the living pulp tissue with a non-responsive resin filling resulting in loss of tooth vitality. Tissue engineering approaches to dental pulp tissue regeneration have been investigated to preserve tooth vitality and function. However, a critical criterion is the choice of growth factors that may promote mesenchymal stem cell differentiation and more importantly, vascularization...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Amal Elamin, Malin Garemo, Andrew Gardner
BACKGROUND: Dental caries are a global public health problem and influence the overall health of children. The risk factors for caries include biological, socio-behavioral and environmental factors. This cross-sectional study assessed dental caries and their associations with socioeconomic factors, oral hygiene practices and eating habits among Emirati and non-Emirati children in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: The stratified sample comprised children aged 18 months to 4 years recruited from 7 nurseries...
June 8, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Dae-Woo Lee, In-Soo Shin
OBJECTIVE: Network meta-analysis (NMA) is a new method to compare the effects of multiple treatments in dental care. We examined whether published NMA follow the key methodological reporting recommendations, the PRISMA Extension Statement. DESIGN: Collection of published systematic reviews with NMA in dental care DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science searched from inception to May 1, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: All NMA published in dental journals comparing the clinical efficacy of three or more interventions with and without closed loops...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Anne Marie Lynge Pedersen, Christiane E Sørensen, Gordon B Proctor, Guy H Carpenter, Jörgen Ekström
Saliva is a complex fluid produced by three pairs of major salivary glands and by hundreds of minor salivary glands. It comprises a large variety of constituents and physicochemical properties, which are important for the maintenance of oral health. Saliva not only protects the teeth and the oropharyngeal mucosa, it also facilitates articulation of speech, and is imperative for mastication and swallowing. Furthermore, saliva plays an important role in maintaining a balanced microbiota. Thus, the multiple functions provided by saliva are essential for proper protection and functioning of the body as a whole and for the general health...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
David A Shaye, Travis Tollefson, Irfan Shah, Gopal Krishnan, Damir Matic, Marcelo Figari, Thiam Chye Lim, Sunil Aniruth, Warren Schubert
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a significant contributor to global disease, and low-income countries disproportionately shoulder this burden. Education and training are critical components in the effort to address the surgical workforce shortage. Educators can tailor training to a diverse background of health professionals in low-resource settings using competency-based curricula. We present a process for the development of a competency-based curriculum for low-resource settings in the context of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) trauma education...
June 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
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