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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653417/oral-problems-and-quality-of-life-of-preschool-children-self-reports-of-children-and-perception-of-parents-caregivers
#1
Matheus F Perazzo, Monalisa C Gomes, Érick T Neves, Carolina C Martins, Saul M Paiva, Edja M M de B Costa, Ana F Granville-Garcia
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between oral health problems and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children according to both self-reports and the reports of parents/caregivers. A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 769 preschool children and their parents/caregivers. The OHRQoL was evaluated using the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5). Based on logistic regression for complex samples, the following variables were found to be associated with poorer OHRQoL in the parent/caregiver version: toothache (OR = 6...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651162/antibacterial-activity-corrosion-resistance-and-wear-behavior-of-spark-plasma-sintered-ta-5cu-alloy-for-biomedical-applications
#2
Jing Cui, Liang Zhao, Weiwei Zhu, Bi Wang, Cancan Zhao, Liming Fang, Fuzeng Ren
Tantalum has been widely used in orthopedic and dental implants. However, the major barrier to the extended use of such medical devices is the possibility of bacterial adhesion to the implant surface which will cause implant-associated infections. To solve this problem, bulk Ta-5Cu alloy has been fabricated by a combination of mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering. The effect of the addition of Cu on the hardness, antibacterial activity, cytocompatibility, corrosion resistance and wear performance was systematically investigated...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644432/dental-implant-treatment-for-renal-failure-patients-on-dialysis-a-clinical-guideline
#3
REVIEW
Quan Yuan, Qiu-Chan Xiong, Megha Gupta, Rosa María López-Pintor, Xiao-Lei Chen, Dutmanee Seriwatanachai, Michael Densmore, Yi Man, Ping Gong
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem that is growing in prevalence and is associated with severe complications. During the progression of the disease, a majority of CKD patients suffer oral complications. Dental implants are currently the most reliable and successful treatment for missing teeth. However, due to complications of CKD such as infections, bone lesions, bleeding risks, and altered drug metabolism, dental implant treatment for renal failure patients on dialysis is more challenging...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643825/-a-phd-completed-10-implant-supported-removable-partial-dentures-in-a-kennedy-class-i-situation-in-the-mandible
#4
C Jensen-Louwerse
Implant-supported removable partial dentures in the mandible often cause problems, which means that patients wear their dentures seldom if at all. A solution is to place implants that the dentures can be snapped onto. There is, however, no consensus about the best position of the implants in the mandible yet. In addition, it is worthwhile to balance the cost of treatment with its effectiveness. In a randomised cross-over clinical trial involving 30 patients with a shortened dental arch, the implant-supported removable partial denture in the mandible was evaluated based on the experience of the patient, mean time of wearing, chewing ability and the clinical and radiographic parameters in relation to 2 different implant positions: 2 in the pre-molar region or 2 in the molar region...
June 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642828/surgical-orthodontic-treatment-of-a-patient-affected-by-type-1-myotonic-dystrophy-steinert-syndrome
#5
Laura Cacucci, Beatrice Ricci, Maria Moretti, Giulio Gasparini, Sandro Pelo, Cristina Grippaudo
Myotonic dystrophy, or Steinert's disease, is the most common form of muscular dystrophy that occurs in adults. This multisystemic form involves the skeletal muscles but affects also the eye, the endocrine system, the central nervous system, and the cardiac system. The weakness of the facial muscles causes a characteristic facial appearance frequently associated with malocclusions. Young people with myotonic dystrophy, who also have severe malocclusions, have bad oral functions such as chewing, breathing, and phonation...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640674/racial-ethnic-minority-older-adults-perspectives-on-proposed-medicaid-reforms-effects-on-dental-care-access
#6
Mary E Northridge, Ivette Estrada, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ariel P Greenblatt, Sara S Metcalf, Carol Kunzel
To examine how proposed Medicaid reform plans are experienced by racial/ethnic minority older adults and what the implications are for their ability to access dental care through Medicaid, from 2013 to 2015 we conducted focus groups in northern Manhattan, New York, New York, among African American, Dominican, and Puerto Rican adults aged 50 years and older. Participants reported problems with affording copayments for care, complicated health and social issues, the need for vision and dental care close to home, and confusion about and stigmatization with Medicaid coverage...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638559/comparative-evaluation-of-anti-microbial-effects-of-triple-antibiotic-paste-and-amox-and-its-derivatives-against-e-faecalis-an-in-vitro-study
#7
Manjeet Kaur, Shrikant Kendre, Parmod Gupta, Navneet Singh, Harsimran Sethi, Neha Gupta, Rushil Acharya
BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecalis is a microorganism commonly detected in asymptomatic, persistent endodontic infections. Triple antibiotic paste has stood the test of time as a proven antibiotic combination against E. Faecalis. However, problems with this include staining of teeth and standardization of the preparation. Thus, the search for better alternatives and better preparation techniques is still on. AIM: To observe the potential of combinations [(Amoxicillin+ Metronidazole, Amoxicillin Clavulanic Acid + Metronidazole; Amoxicillin and Cloxacillin + Metronidazole)] over Triple Antibiotic Paste...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636131/state-trait-and-dental-anxiety-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-disabilities
#8
Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, André Cavalcante da Silva Barbosa, Arnaldo de França Caldas-Júnior, Márcia Maria Vendiciano Barbosa Vasconcelos, Renata Cimões, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare state anxiety, trait anxiety, and dental anxiety in caregivers of patients with special needs and caregivers of pediatric patients without special needs at dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were collected using a semistructured questionnaire. All respondents were older than 18 years of age. Individuals with cognitive impairment and those taking anxiolytics, antidepressants, or sleep-inducing medication were excluded from the study...
June 21, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632910/withdrawn-hypnosis-for-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Sharifa Al-Harasi, Paul F Ashley, David R Moles, Susan Parekh, Val Walters
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review attempted to answer the question: What is the effectiveness of hypnosis (with or without sedation) for behaviour management of children who are receiving dental care in order to allow successful completion of treatment?Null hypothesis: Hypnosis has no effect on the outcome of dental treatment of children...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631287/incidental-findings-of-implant-complications-on-postimplantation-cbcts-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Danielle Clark, Horia Barbu, Adi Lorean, Eitan Mijiritsky, Liran Levin
BACKGROUND: Survival rates of dental implants are reported to be very high and seem to indicate minimal complications related to dental implants. PURPOSE: The aim of this report was to evaluate in a cross-sectional study the prevalence of implant positioning complications as appears in postimplantation Cone-Beam Computerized Tomography (CBCT) in two of the major imaging facilities in Bucharest, Romania. METHODS: Demographic and implant data was collected from two of the three main CBCT facilities in Bucharest, Romania...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631087/molar-incisor-hypomineralization-proportion-and-severity-in-primary-public-school-children-in-graz-austria
#11
Barbara Buchgraber, Lumnije Kqiku, Kurt A Ebeleseder
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the proportion and severity of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in primary school children in Graz (southeast of Austria). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1111 children aged 6 to 12 years (mean age 9.0 ± 1.2), a wet examination of all teeth was performed by three trained examiners using a dental chair, optimal illumination, a dental mirror, and a dental explorer. All teeth with MIH lesions were registered so that different definitions of MIH were applicable...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630646/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-psychosomatic-problems-in-dental-settings
#12
REVIEW
Hirofumi Matsuoka, Itsuo Chiba, Yuji Sakano, Akira Toyofuku, Yoshihiro Abiko
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Little information comparing the different types of CBTs in the dental setting is currently available. Because dental professionals are often expected to conduct CBTs in the dental setting, it is important to develop proper training programs for dental professionals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628354/soft-tissue-enhancement-and-implant-placement-following-partial-mandibulectomy-due-to-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Fabio Bernardello, Giampietro Bertasi, Ralph Mackey Powers, Sergio Spinato, Andrea Viaggi, Jimmie Bullock, Pietro Felice
Many dental procedures allow for implant placement in partially or totally edentulous patients. Despite the availability of various implant and abutment types on the market, it often becomes quite challenging to achieve the biological and esthetic goals in a patient who has ridge deficiencies. Where problems will arise is from the lack of adequate bone quality and quantity.1,2 Soft tissue form and maintenance is also a consideration to evaluate.3 Primary reconstructive techniques following segmental mandibulectomy is evolving and improves quality of life...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627745/16-year-follow-up-of-an-avulsed-maxillary-central-incisor-after-replantation-following-10-h-storage-an-unusual-case
#14
Zuhal Kırzıoğlu, Özge Erken Güngör, Yıldırım Erdoğan
Tooth avulsion is a type of dental injury defined as the complete displacement of a tooth out of the alveolar socket, and the lack of prompt treatment measures can result in the loss of function, poor quality of life, and psychological and social problems. However, several factors may not permit the immediate replantation of an avulsed tooth; therefore, delayed replantation has emerged as an alternative to meet the esthetic, functional, and psychological demands of patients. Here it was described that the successful replantation of an avulsed maxillary central incisor in a 9-year-old boy who presented at the clinic with the tooth stored in unfavorable conditions as dry and then in olive oil-milk mixture almost 10 h after the event...
June 19, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625342/dental-investigation-of-mummies-from-the-capuchin-catacombs-of-palermo-circa-18th-19th-century-ce
#15
R Seiler, D Piombino-Mascali, F Rühli
Within the framework of the Sicily Mummy Project, the orofacial complex of a significant sample of individuals (n=111) from the Capuchin Catacombs of Palermo, Italy, was inspected. The heads and dentitions of the mummies were documented and the recorded findings described: the state of preservation of skeletal and soft tissues; dental pathologies such as carious lesions and alveolar bone loss; enamel hypoplasia; and ante- and post-mortem tooth loss. Despite limitations in data collection, the oral health of these mummies was assessed and the frequencies of pathologies were compared to those of similar populations...
May 31, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621818/healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-conference-summary-and-recommendations
#16
Raul I Garcia, Dushanka Kleinman, Katrina Holt, Ann Battrell, Paul Casamassimo, Jane Grover, Norman Tinanoff
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem. An association between obesity and dental caries, the most prevalent disease of childhood, has been identified. One explanation for the association is that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and frequent snacking on carbohydrate-rich foods are common risk factors for development of both obesity and caries. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has been at the forefront of national efforts to promote healthy weight in children. As part of these efforts, RWJF sponsored the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, at Georgetown University in Washington, DC...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620635/pioneering-strategies-for-relieving-dental-anxiety-in-hearing-impaired-children-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#17
Shalini Chandrasekhar, Ghanashyam Prasad Madu, Naga Radhakrishna Ambati, Pavani Reddy Suravarapu, Kalyani Uppu, Deepthi Bolla
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Hearing impaired children have a problem in understanding and comprehending with dental treatments. Visual language is the sensible answer of how to improve communication with them. PURPOSE: To evaluate the applicability of dental sign language in Hearing impaired children in relieving anxiety during stressful dental treatment by improving their means of communication. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This randomized clinical trial was carried out in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry which included 40 Hearing Impaired children meeting inclusion criteria...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618241/use-of-adjuvant-bisphosphonates-and-other-bone-modifying-agents-in-breast-cancer-a-cancer-care-ontario-and-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline
#18
Sukhbinder Dhesy-Thind, Glenn G Fletcher, Phillip S Blanchette, Mark J Clemons, Melissa S Dillmon, Elizabeth S Frank, Sonal Gandhi, Rasna Gupta, Mihaela Mates, Beverly Moy, Ted Vandenberg, Catherine H Van Poznak
Purpose To make recommendations regarding the use of bisphosphonates and other bone-modifying agents as adjuvant therapy for patients with breast cancer. Methods Cancer Care Ontario and ASCO convened a Working Group and Expert Panel to develop evidence-based recommendations informed by a systematic review of the literature. Results Adjuvant bisphosphonates were found to reduce bone recurrence and improve survival in postmenopausal patients with nonmetastatic breast cancer. In this guideline, postmenopausal includes patients with natural menopause or that induced by ovarian suppression or ablation...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617778/-inequalities-in-oral-health-in-italy-what-role-for-dentists
#19
Elena Spina
Due to the lack of both available data and political attention, the oral health of the popula-tion seems to be neglected at a scientific level. Actually, however, the dental sector shows strong ine-qualities in access, especially because of the economic crisis that hit most European countries, particu-larly Italy. In order to understand the impact of the organizational variables related to the supply of dental services on the inequalities, an empirical research was carried out in 2013, involving representatives of the dental profession within the 105 Italian provincial orders of physicians and dentists...
March 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613064/-status-and-analysis-of-oral-disease-burden-comparison-of-the-domestic-and-overseas-data
#20
Y Meng, X N Liu, S G Zheng
At present, it has been regarded that oral disease was one of the most prevalent problems for people's general health around the world. Oral disease burden study focuses on the pressure and effect of oral diseases to the whole social economy and people's health. Oral disease burden, as a public health problem, needs to be attached importance in China and foreign countries. By means of retrieving the literature, this review article summarizes the progress of domestic and oversea studies on oral disease burden, analyses the epidemiological burden through the indicators such as the prevalence rate, decayed missing and filled teeth, disability adjusted life years, disability weights, and illustrates the economic burden of oral diseases by using part of the data...
June 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
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