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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213011/the-prevalence-of-occupational-health-related-problems-in-dentistry-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Rajeshree Moodley, J M Van Wyk, Saloshni Naidoo
The study was conducted to report on the scope and prevalence of occupational health related-problems experienced by dentists, dental therapists, and oral hygienists in their practice of dentistry. BACKGROUND: Professional practice and dental training have many risk factors, and the dental team should be able to recognize these factors to protect themselves. The prevalence of conditions related to the musculoskeletal system, stress, percutaneous injuries, ears, and eyes are of concern...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210172/experience-of-dental-care-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-older-immigrants-in-sweden-a-qualitative-study
#2
E Olerud, M-L Hagman-Gustavsson, P Gabre
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge about the oral health and dental care habits of older immigrants is limited. The aim of this study was to explore dental service utilization, oral care habits, and attitudes to and knowledge about oral diseases and their prevention among older immigrants in Sweden. METHODS: A qualitative research method was used, and data were collected in individual interviews to gain a deeper understanding of the immigrants' views. Thirteen immigrants, seven women and six men, recruited from meeting places for older immigrants, participated, all aged between 59 and 88 (median 72 years)...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207827/to-evaluate-the-correlation-between-skeletal-and-dental-parameters-to-the-amount-of-crowding-in-class-ii-div-1-malocclusions
#3
Shivani Singh, G Shivaprakash
Introduction: Crowding of teeth is one of the most common problem that motivates the patient to seek orthodontic treatment. Determination of etiology of crowding could have a significant effect on treatment planning and prognosis of Class II malocclusion. Aim: Aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of skeletal and dental parameters to amount of dental crowding in patients with Class II Divison 1 (div.1) malocclusion. Materials and Methods: Pretreatment lateral cephalograms and dental casts of 60 patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion were collected for the study...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207825/global-search-trends-of-oral-problems-using-google-trends-from-2004-to-2016-an-exploratory-analysis
#4
Basavaraj Patthi, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Monika Prasad, Irfan Ali, Kuldeep Dhama, Lav Kumar Niraj
Introduction: Oral diseases are pandemic cause of morbidity with widespread geographic distribution. This technology based era has brought about easy knowledge transfer than traditional dependency on information obtained from family doctors. Hence, harvesting this system of trends can aid in oral disease quantification. Aim: To conduct an exploratory analysis of the changes in internet search volumes of oral diseases by using Google Trends© (GT©). Materials and Methods: GT© were utilized to provide real world facts based on search terms related to categories, interest by region and interest over time...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203597/perspectives-on-innovations-in-oral-health-care
#5
R Gary Rozier
A downward trend in dental caries in permanent teeth of children that began in the 1970s has leveled out at historic lows. Severe periodontal disease affects a small percentage of people, and tooth loss has plummeted so that complete tooth loss, once a common occurrence, now is almost non-existent in upper socioeconomic groups. But not all people have benefited equally from these positive trends. Dental problems continue to affect the disadvantaged in society at unacceptable rates, and their disease burden is likely to increase because of trends in social determinants of oral diseases...
November 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202809/five-years-follow-up-of-dental-fear-and-anxiety-experience-of-dental-care-and-oral-health-behaviour-in-swedish-preterm-and-full-term-adolescents
#6
Susanne Brogårdh-Roth, Johanna Månsson, Karin Ridell, Lubna Alward, Kristina Hellén-Halme, EwaCarin Ekberg
BACKGROUND: There is rising concern about how preterm birth affects long-term health later in life. The various effects that preterm birth have on developmental outcomes, cognitive profiles and medical health may also affect levels of cooperation in the dental care situation in addition to general oral health and other oral health-related habits. Oral health is an integral part of one's general health and well-being; however, less is known about how prematurity affects oral health and other related areas such as dental care, and including dental fear and anxiety (DFA) in individuals during adolescence and adulthood...
December 4, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198191/diet-and-anthropometry-at-2-years-of-age-following-an-oral-health-promotion-programme-for-australian-aboriginal-children-and-their-carers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Lisa G Smithers, John Lynch, Joanne Hedges, Lisa M Jamieson
There are marked disparities between indigenous and non-indigenous children's diets and oral health. Both diet and oral health are linked to longer-term health problems. We aimed to investigate whether a culturally appropriate multi-faceted oral health promotion intervention reduced Aboriginal children's intake of sugars from discretionary foods at 2 years of age. We conducted a single-blind, parallel-arm randomised controlled trial involving women who were pregnant or had given birth to an Aboriginal child in the previous 6 weeks...
December 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197365/prevalence-of-severe-early-childhood-caries-and-associated-socioeconomic-and-behavioral-factors-in-xinjiang-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Yan Li, Jibieke Wulaerhan, Yuan Liu, Ayinuer Abudureyimu, Jin Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and identified socioeconomic and behavioral correlates of the disease in preschool children living in Xinjiang. METHODS: For this cross-sectional survey, 1727 children aged 3-5 years in Xinjiang were randomly recruited using a three-stage cluster sampling procedure. The "dmft" index according to the WHO 1997 criteria was used to assess ECC and severe ECC (S-ECC). A questionnaire was completed by caregivers...
December 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196328/an-interprofessional-education-and-collaborative-practice-model-for-dentistry-and-pharmacy
#9
Grishondra L Branch-Mays, Amy L Pittenger, Kristyn Williamson, Anna Milone, Emily Hein, Todd Thierer
The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of an interprofessional education and collaborative practice model (IECPM) developed by the School of Dentistry (SOD) and College of Pharmacy (COP) for the University of Minnesota dental clinics and to report results of the needs assessment using specific primary care metrics and medication histories gathered through use of the model in 2015-16. Planning focused on establishing a workflow to implement the IECPM by the SOD and COP. The interprofessional team that provided patient care for the study consisted of 50 dental students, ten dental therapy students, one pharmacy student, one pharmacy resident, one faculty pharmacist, one dental assistant, one faculty dental hygienist, and two dentists...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193108/impact-of-untreated-dental-caries-on-the-daily-activities-of-children
#10
João Gabriel Silva Souza, Samilly Evangelista Souza, Mayara Dos Santos Noronha, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Andrea Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins
OBJECTIVES: Untreated dental caries can compromise oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). However, it is not clear which specific daily activities related to OHRQoL are compromised by the presence of this problem. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify which specific daily activities are affected by the presence of untreated dental caries using a representative sample of Brazilian children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a representative sample of Brazilian children (12 years of age) was conducted...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192623/color-recovery-effect-of-different-bleaching-systems-on-a-discolored-composite-resin
#11
P Gul, O T Harorlı, I B Ocal, Z Ergin, C Barutcigil
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Discoloration of resin-based composites is a commonly encountered problem, and bleaching agents may be used for the therapy of the existing discoloration. The purpose of this study was to investigate in vitro color recovery effect of different bleaching systems on the heavily discolored composite resin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty disk-shaped dental composite specimens were prepared using A2 shade nanohybrid universal composite resin (3M ESPE Filtek Z550, St...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192351/the-implication-of-probiotics-in-the-prevention-of-dental-caries
#12
REVIEW
Tzu-Hsing Lin, Chih-Hui Lin, Tzu-Ming Pan
The current oral health crisis, whose causes are varied and complex, necessitates timely oral evaluation and early detection and treatment of oral health problems. Dramatic changes in eating habits and lifestyles are associated with the recent decline in oral health. Probiotics are "good" bacteria that support digestion and a healthy immune system and offer various health benefits to the host. Traditionally, probiotics have been used to improve gut health; the most common uses have historically been as a treatment or prevention of gastrointestinal infections and disease...
November 30, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188927/oral-hygiene-and-mouth-care-for-older-people-in-acute-hospitals-part-2
#13
Ben J Steel
Acute hospital admission provides an excellent opportunity to address poor oral health in older people, a group rarely seen by dental professionals and for who oral health activity in hospital is inconsistent and generally suboptimal. This two-part article explores oral hygiene and mouth care provision for older adults in acute hospitals. The first article presented the findings of a literature review exploring oral and dental disease in older adults, the importance of good oral health and mouth care, and the current situation...
November 30, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185811/welfare-impacts-of-the-illegal-wildlife-trade-in-a-cohort-of-confiscated-greater-slow-lorises-nycticebus-coucang
#14
Grace Fuller, Wilhelmina Frederica Eggen, Wirdateti Wirdateti, K A I Nekaris
Illegal harvesting and trade are major forces behind population declines of wild slow lorises (genus Nycticebus). The impacts of the wildlife trade on individual slow lorises have not been as well described. In this article, we describe quantitatively the consequences of the wildlife trade for 77 greater slow lorises, N. coucang, who were confiscated en masse and brought to Cikananga Wildlife Center in Indonesia. Medical records indicated that in total, 28.6% of the slow lorises died within the first 6 months, mostly due to traumatic injury, and all the infants died...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184835/perceived-stress-among-french-dental-students-and-their-opinion-about-education-curriculum-and-pedagogy
#15
Camille Inquimbert, Paul Tramini, Ivan Alsina, Jean Valcarcel, Nicolas Giraudeau
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the major sources of perceived stress and their relation to a student satisfaction questionnaire about the curriculum and the pedagogy among French dental students. Materials and Methods: All dental students (n = 178) from years 4 to 6 at the University of Montpellier (France) participated in this exploratory survey. In spring 2016, a 3-part questionnaire was distributed during clinical sessions: the first part asked about sociodemographic and living conditions, the second part aimed to assess the students' perceived stress (Dental Environmental Stress questionnaire), and the third part was a satisfaction questionnaire exploring the clinical organization and the teaching methodologies (Student Course Experience Questionnaire)...
October 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184447/aseptic-avascular-osteonecrosis-local-silent-inflammation-in-the-jawbone-and-rantes-ccl5-overexpression
#16
Johann Lechner, Sabine Schuett, Volker von Baehr
Of the definitions listed in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, tenth revision (ICD-10), two disease descriptions can be found together: "idiopathic aseptic bone necrosis" and "avascular bone necrosis." The relevant literature on both the conditions abbreviates both as "aseptic ischemic osteonecrosis in the jawbone" (AIOJ). To shed light on the clinical details of this condition, osteolytic jawbone samples of 24 patients with different systemic immunological diseases were examined using four steps: presurgical dental X-ray, postsurgical histology, polymerase chain reaction DNA analysis (PCR DNA) of bacteria, and RANTES/CCL5 (R/C) expression...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183670/using-glass-graded-zirconia-to-increase-delamination-growth-resistance-in-porcelain-zirconia-dental-structures
#17
Herzl Chai, Adam J Mieleszko, Stephen J Chu, Yu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Porcelain fused to zirconia (PFZ) restorations are widely used in prosthetic dentistry. However, their tendency to delaminate along the P/Z interface remains a practical problem so that assessing and improving the interfacial strength are important design aspects. This work examines the effect of modifying the zirconia veneering surface with an in-house felspathic glass on the interfacial fracture resistance of fused P/Z. METHODS: Three material systems are studied: porcelain fused to zirconia (control) and porcelain fused to glass-graded zirconia with and without the presence of a glass interlayer...
November 25, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182035/oral-health-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Yvonne C Y Chau, Si-Min Peng, Colman P J McGrath, Cynthia K Y Yiu
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review investigated the oral health of children with ADHD. METHOD: A structured search strategy was performed on five electronic databases: SCOPUS, Web of Science, COCHRANE, PubMed, and PsychInfo. Studies were included in the review if they reported clinical oral health outcomes on a population diagnosed with ADHD under the age of 18 years old. Qualitative and quantitative analysis was performed on pooled prevalence and mean/median values for caries, trauma, periodontal problems, and tooth wear...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179384/guidelines-for-the-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-3-injuries-in-the-primary-dentition
#19
Barbro Malmgren, Jens O Andreasen, Marie Therese Flores, Agneta Robertson, Anthony J DiAngelis, Lars Andersson, Giacomo Cavalleri, Nestor Cohenca, Peter Day, Morris Lamar Hicks, Olle Malmgren, Alex J Moule, Juan Onetto, Mitsuhiro Tsukiboshi
Traumatic injuries to the primary dentition present special problems and the management is often different as compared with the permanent dentition. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions. Experienced researchers and clinicians from various specialities were included in the task group. In cases where the data did not appear conclusive, recommendations were based on the consensus opinion or majority decision of the task group...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178932/herbst-appliance-with-skeletal-anchorage-versus-dental-anchorage-in-adolescents-with-class-ii-malocclusion-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Klaus Barretto Dos Santos Lopes Batista, Tatiana Lima, Nathália Palomares, Felipe de Assis Carvalho, Cátia Quintão, José Augusto Mendes Miguel, Yin-Ling Lin, Ting-Li Su, Kevin O'Brien
BACKGROUND: The Herbst appliance is an orthodontic appliance that is used for the correction of class II malocclusion with skeletal discrepancies. Research has shown that this is effective. However, a potential harm is excessive protrusion of the lower front teeth. This is associated with gingival recession, loss of tooth support, and root resorption. This trial evaluates a method of reducing this problem. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a single-center, randomised, assessor-blinded, superiority clinical trial with parallel 1:1 allocation...
November 25, 2017: Trials
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