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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666646/shisha-smoking-habit-among-dental-school-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates-enabling-factors-and-barriers
#1
Natheer H Al-Rawi, Ahmed S Alnuaimi, Asmaa T Uthman
Objectives: The objective of the present study was to assess shisha smoking among dental school students in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). In addition, the role of suggested barriers and enabling factors in shisha smoking was also evaluated. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted at the College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, between February and May 2016. The questions were adapted from previously published water pipe smoking studies...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665214/an-analysis-of-clinical-transition-stresses-experienced-by-dental-students-a-qualitative-methods-approach
#2
M Botelho, X Gao, S Y Bhuyan
INTRODUCTION: Stress in dental students is well established with potential psychological distress, emotional exhaustion and burnout-related symptoms. Little attention has been given to the problems encountered by dental students during the transition from theoretical or paraclinical training to the clinical environment. The aim of this study was to adopt a qualitative research methods approach to understand the perceived stressors during students' clinical transition and provide insights for curriculum planners to enhance learning...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663483/differences-in-the-oral-health-status-and-oral-hygiene-practices-according-to-the-extent-of-post-stroke-sequelae
#3
Hyeong Tae Kim, Jong Bum Park, Won Chul Lee, Yeun Ju Kim, Y Lee
Oral health and hygiene are crucial parameters in stroke patients. However, few studies has evaluated the oral health status and oral hygiene practices according to the level of function in stroke patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the oral health status and oral hygiene practices according to ambulation and personal hygiene levels in patients with stroke. Data from the fifth (2010-2012) and sixth (2013-2015) editions of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) for 6 years combined...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661437/development-of-routine-dental-care-for-liver-transplant-outpatients
#4
S V Nascimento, A M Gonzalez, B Aguiar Roza, C F M G Pimentel, J Schirmer, S Mucci, D C Abranches
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation has become commonplace for patients with end-stage liver disease. The liver is a bodily organ of great importance, and its dysfunction can cause significant complications throughout the body. Patients with hepatic disease should be able to acquire knowledge of the physiology of the liver via the dental profession, and it is also necessary to modify some aspects of dental treatment even in healthy patients. Problems such as excessive bleeding and hepatotoxicity caused by some of the drugs used in dental treatment can lead to a decrease in systemic health...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660771/integrated-approach-to-oral-health-in-aged-care-facilities-using-oral-health-practitioners-and-teledentistry-in-rural-queensland
#5
Anna Tynan, Lisa Deeth, Debra McKenzie, Carolyn Bourke, Shayne Stenhouse, Jacinta Pitt, Helen Linneman
PROBLEM: Residents of residential aged care facilities are at very high risk of developing complex oral diseases and dental problems. Key barriers exist in delivering oral health services to residential aged care facilities, particularly in regional and rural areas. DESIGN: A quality improvement study incorporating pre- and post chart audits and pre- and post consultation with key stakeholders, including staff and residents, expert opinion on cost estimates and field notes were used...
April 16, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659637/-restoration-of-pathological-tooth-wear
#6
K B Wabeke
On account of tooth wear, a 30-year-old man and a 23-year-old woman were referred to a clinic for specialised dental services by their general dentist. The man suffered from degradation of hard dental tissues. He was not in pain but had some functional problems. In addition, the diminishing aesthetics bothered him. The woman suffered from pain frequently, had mild functional complaints and a deep bite. Treatment of pathological tooth wear begins with a sound diagnosis and investigating and eliminating aetiological factors...
April 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655407/periodontal-prosthesis-in-contemporary-dentistry
#7
REVIEW
Chiun-Lin Steven Liu
In the last 5 decades, the developments of osseointegrated titanium implants (since 1965) have led to the success of contemporary dentistry. Endosseous implant-supported restorations delivered in accordance with the traditional Branemark protocol have proven to be highly predictable. Today, implants are becoming increasingly common in dental care and provide more therapeutic options, but treatment planning and the sequencing of therapy are critical in implant-assisted and implant-supported cases. Implant prostheses give patients and dentists more options in treatment planning, but also present challenging decisions regarding implant surgery...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652018/restricted-mouth-opening-and-its-definitive-management-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Bhushan Kumar, Aquaviva Fernandes, Prabhdeep Kaur Sandhu
Purpose: This review was intended to discuss the various possible modifications suggested in the literature for prosthetic steps and surgical corrective procedures in nonresponding or complicated cases during rehabilitation of patients with restricted mouth opening. Material and Methods: Medline, PubMed, and Google were searched electronically for articles using keywords: microstomia and treatment options for restricted mouth opening. The various articles on prosthodontic rehabilitation in microstomia were segregated...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651059/aesthetic-possibilities-in-removable-prosthodontics-part-3-photometric-tooth-selection-tooth-setting-try-in-fitting-reviewing-and-trouble-shooting
#9
J N Besford, A F Sutton
This final article in a series of three on producing complete dentures which the patient considers attractive, describes selecting the denture teeth, setting the front teeth at the chairside, the try-in visits, processing, fitting and reviewing the dentures. The role of the patient as captain of the ship, the dental nurse as the patient's support and liaison officer, and the clinician as the first technical officer is outlined. The use of immediate replay video technology in allowing a patient to see what the trial denture really looks like is described...
April 13, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649370/the-psychosocial-impact-of-cleft-in-a-western-australian-cohort-across-3-age-groups
#10
Wendy Nicholls, Linda A Selvey, Craig Harper, Martin Persson, Suzanne Robinson
BACKGROUND: Management of a cleft of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) involves a multidisciplinary team approach lasting from birth to potentially postskeletal maturity. This condition is complex, with both medical and psychosocial implications that may place individuals with a cleft at higher risk of developing psychosocial problems. METHODOLOGY: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by a sample from the Western Australian cleft population comprising 3 age groups: child (n = 100), adolescent (n = 101), and adult (n = 158)...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643529/-retrospective-study-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-of-62-disabled-children-and-adolescents
#11
N Wang, Y M Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively figure out the oral health status, treatment and follow-ups after dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) of disabled children or adolescents. METHODS: Clinical data of disabled children or adolescents and normal children as control received DGA in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from August 2008 to September 2015 were recorded, including: gender, birth date, treatment date, disability type, oral health status before treatment, treatment content and follow-ups (in 1 year)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628219/psychiatrists-and-dentists-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-adverse-drug-reactions-of-psychotropic-drugs
#12
Maximilian Gahr, Bernhard J Connemann, Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona, Roland W Freudenmann, Jamal M Stein, Anna-Katharina Hawlik
Psychotropic drugs may induce impairments in the mouth, jaw and face area. Currently, appropriate pharmacoepidemiologic data are missing. Therefore, a questionnaire-based telephone survey of two non-representative samples of psychiatrists and dentists was conducted. Most of the psychiatrists (79.7%) and dentists (76.5%) indicated that psychotropic drugs may induce dental adverse drug reactions (ADR); in both samples there was an approximately equally sized, relevant proportion of participants who did not believe in the risk of dental ADR of psychotropic drugs (psychiatrists 20...
March 17, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623091/the-prevalence-and-underreporting-of-needlestick-injuries-among-dental-healthcare-workers-in-pakistan-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Mehak Pervaiz, Ruth Gilbert, Nasreen Ali
Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are a major occupational health problem among dental healthcare workers (HCWs) in Pakistan, which places them at a significant risk of acquiring blood-borne infections. However, not all NSIs are reported, leading to an underestimation of the actual prevalence. The harmful impacts of NSIs on the healthcare delivery necessitate an urgent need to measure its actual prevalence. Objectives . The aim of this study was to review literature to estimate the prevalence and reporting rates of NSIs among dental-HCWs in Pakistan...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623011/assessment-of-oral-and-dental-health-status-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-an-exploratory-study
#14
Nabila A Sedky
Objectives: Evaluating oral and dental health status in Egyptian children with cerebral palsy (CP) in relation to gross motor skills and types of CP. Methods: A Cross-sectional study was conducted at el-Shatby Hospital for Children, Alexandria-Egypt. Oral examination for 62 children with CP between the age ranges 3-12 years was performed and decay missing filling-tooth/decay filling-tooth (DMFT/dft), simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), and modified gingival index (MGI) indices were charted...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621687/viscoelastic-finite-element-analysis-of-residual-stresses-in-porcelain-veneered-zirconia-dental-crowns
#15
Jeongho Kim, Sukirti Dhital, Paul Zhivago, Marina R Kaizer, Yu Zhang
The main problem of porcelain-veneered zirconia (PVZ) dental restorations is chipping and delamination of veneering porcelain owing to the development of deleterious residual stresses during the cooling phase of veneer firing. The aim of this study is to elucidate the effects of cooling rate, thermal contraction coefficient and elastic modulus on residual stresses developed in PVZ dental crowns using viscoelastic finite element methods (VFEM). A three-dimensional VFEM model has been developed to predict residual stresses in PVZ structures using ABAQUS finite element software and user subroutines...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621079/a-step-by-step-technique-for-the-piezosurgical-removal-of-fractured-implants
#16
Antonello Maria Messina, Luca Marini, Ettore Marini
With the increasing popularity of dental implants, the removal of fractured implants has become a major challenge for clinicians. Several tools can be used for the removal of osseointegrated implants; however, few of these have the characteristics of easy control, selective cutting, and rapid healing. In this study, the authors describe a step-by-step technique for the removal of osseointegrated fractured implants via multiple peri-implant osteotomies performed using a piezoelectric device and appropriate inserts...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619496/barriers-to-special-care-patients-with-mental-illness-receiving-oral-healthcare-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-holy-city-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#17
Mohsen K Aljabri, Ibrahim Z Gadibalban, Aboelezz M Kalboush, Hesham S Sadek, Hassan H Abed
To assess barriers to patients with mental illness receiving oral healthcare in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a 3-month cross-sectional study from the Department of Psychiatry at Al-Noor, Specialist Hospital in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, between January 2017 and April 2017. A structured questionnaire with closed-ended questions was considered. A total of 161 psychiatric patients were recruited, made up of 81 male (50.3%) and 80 female (49.7%) participants. Simple descriptive statistics were used to define the characteristics of the study variables, through a form of counts and percentages...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607853/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-and-influential-factors-in-children-with-autism
#18
S Onol, Z Kırzıoğlu
Aims: The aim of the present study was to comparatively analyze oral health status and influential factors in children with autism living in the Western Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two steps: 1 - questionnaire and 2 - interview. This study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, within the period from March to July 2016...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607833/assessing-clinical-sequelae-of-untreated-caries-among-5-12-and-15-year-old-school-children-in-ambala-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jasneet Sudan, Girish Malleshappa Sogi, L Koretigire Veeresha
Background: Dental caries is a public health problem globally, especially in children. Thus, it is important to quantify its clinical consequences in terms of its prevalence and severity. Aim: This study aims to assess the prevalence and severity of oral conditions linked with untreated dental caries using pulp involvement, ulceration, fistula, abscess (pufa/PUFA) index in 5-, 12-, and 15-year-old school children in Ambala district. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 433 school children of 5-, 12-, and 15-year-old age group in Ambala district...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607456/oral-health-and-chemotherapy-act-as-cofactors-in-malnutrition-in-the-elderly-with-other-cancers-than-head-and-neck-malignancies
#20
Nada El Osta, Lana El Osta, Claire Lassauzay, Marwan Ghosn, Stephanie Tubert-Jeannin, Martine Hennequin
OBJECTIVES: This study explores whether the chemotherapy regimen has a role in inducing oral health problems and malnutrition in elderly patients with other cancers than head and neck malignancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was designed to compare the relationships between oral health and nutritional status between four groups of elderly differing in cancer or chemotherapy regimen. Data were collected using a questionnaire including the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and questions about perception of xerostomia...
April 2, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
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