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Dental problems

Max J H Witjes, Rutger H Schepers, Joep Kraeima
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the advances in 3D virtual planning for mandibular and maxillary reconstruction surgical defects with full prosthetic rehabilitation. The primary purpose is to provide an overview of various techniques that apply 3D technology safely in primary and secondary reconstructive cases of patients suffering from head and neck cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Methods have been developed to overcome the problem of control over the margin during surgery while the crucial decision with regard to resection margin and planning of osteotomies were predetermined by virtual planning...
February 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Kyungtae Park, Daheui Choi, Jinkee Hong
Layer-by-Layer (LbL) self-assembly has been investigated for several decades. However, the conventional LbL method has performance problems on the chair-side caused by its cumbersome and time-consuming process. Thus, we investigate a new LbL self-assembly technique for the fast and high efficient preparation process based on the brush. The multilayer films fabricated by simple sequential brushing of polyelectrolyte solutions are compared to the classical dipping method. We characterize the multilayer films by characteristics such as their morphology and thickness, and compare them against those of the classic method by profilometry, atomic force microscopy...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
André Wannemüller, Dirk Moser, Robert Kumsta, Hans-Peter Jöhren, Jürgen Margraf
BACKGROUND: Methodological problems of existing research, such as the application of unstandardized treatments in heterogeneous samples, has hampered clear conclusions about the extent and direction to which allelic variation of the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5- HTTLPR) is associated with a differential response to psychological treatment. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the 5-HTTLPR genotype on treatment outcome under highly standardized environmental conditions...
February 21, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
E A Veldt, J H Vermaire, C M H H van Houtem, A de Jongh
A disproportionately sensitive gag reflex can hamper adequate dental treatment. Because an evidence-based treatment for this condition is lacking at this moment, a study of patients and success variables for the treatment was carried out. The study was based on the clinical records of and interviews with 40 people who had been treated in a Centre for Special Dental Care (CBT) because of extreme gag problems two years earlier. It was found that the gag complaints of half of the respondents had disappeared or become manageable, while those of the other half had not changed...
February 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
E J H Schatorjé, A van Royen-Kerkhof
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common cause of chronic inflammation of the joints in childhood. Currently, JIA is divided into 7 subtypes, distinguished on the basis of the symptoms present in the first six months of the illness. Pharmacological treatment is different for every subtype. With all forms of JIA, dental problems can occur. These can include an increasing incidence of dental caries, stomatitis with the use of methotrexate, oral candidiasis with the use of immunosuppressive medication and temporal mandibular joint (TMJ) arthritis...
February 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
M Gürsoy, A Wilensky, N Claffey, D Herrera, P M Preshaw, M Sanz, U Schlagenhauf, L Trombelli, K Demirel
OBJECTIVES: This survey aimed to evaluate whether periodontal education and assessment in undergraduate dental curricula amongst the member countries of the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) follow the competency-based curricular guidelines and recommendations developed by the Association for Dental Education in Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiple-choice questionnaire was emailed to 244 dental institutes amongst the 24 EFP member countries between November 2014 and July 2015...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Sravani A Ambati, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, M Padma Reddy, Srikanth Reddy
PURPOSE: Dental caries is the primary pathological cause of early tooth loss in children, which may lead to malnutrition and other health problems. Identification of patients with active carious lesions and at high risk for caries can help to dramatically decrease the disease prevalence. Thus, recognising the importance of early diagnosis of caries, the present study was carried out to correlate caries with oral microflora using Oratest among 12- to 15-year-old schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 children were divided into control and test groups (n = 50) according to their DMFT scores...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Tatjana Kanjevac, Borivoj Bijelic, Denis Brajkovic, Miroslav Vasovic, Radojica Stolic
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a worldwide public health problem. It is estimated that nearly 90% of patients with chronic renal failure manifest some symptoms of oral disease. With advances in medical treatment, CKD patients are living longer and require oral care. Chronic kidney disease is often accompanied by disturbances in mineral metabolism which are classified as their own clinical entity known as CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). CKD-MBD affects all aspects of bone physiology: bone volume, bone turnover and bone mineralization...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Amit Rekhi, Charu Mohan Marya, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder Singh Oberoi
PURPOSE: To assess the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) among older people residing in old-age homes in Delhi, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral health related quality of life was measured by using the Hindi version of Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) which was tested for its reliability and validity. Sociodemographic data were collected and questions regarding the self-perception of general health, oral health and perceived need for dental treatment were put forward...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Ana Luna, Monalisa Gomes, Ana Granville-Garcia, Valdenice Menezes
PURPOSE: To evaluate the perception of treatment needs and the use of dental services for children/adolescents with sickle cell disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 250 children/adolescents with sickle cell disease at a reference center in the city of Recife, Brazil. Data on the use of dental services were collected using a 13-item questionnaire administered to parents/guardians. The examiner in charge of determining l caries and periodontal status had previously undergone a training and calibration exercise...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Yumiko Nishio, Teruyuki Hiraki, Hiroko Taniguchi, Kazuo Ushijima
Background: Cleidocranial dysplasia is a type of skeletal dysplasia, which is primarily characterized by delayed ossification of skeletal structures. It causes facial and oral abnormalities, resulting in difficult airway management and neuraxial anesthesia. Case presentation: The patient was a 24-year-old primipara (height 138 cm, weight 42 kg) with a hypoplastic right clavicle, patent fontanelles, dental malalignment, and a high palate. She was diagnosed with cleidocranial dysplasia at birth, although gene examination has not been performed...
2018: JA Clin Rep
Tracy Liu, Raghu Lingam, Kate Lycett, Fiona K Mensah, Joshua Muller, Harriet Hiscock, Md Hamidul Huque, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence and persistence of 19 common paediatric conditions from infancy to 14-15 years. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Parallel cohorts assessed biennially from 2004 to 2014 from ages 0-1 and 4-5 years to 10-11 and 14-15 years, respectively, in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 19 health conditions: 17 parent-reported, 2 (overweight/obesity, obesity) directly assessed...
February 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
A R Hoeksema, L L Peters, G M Raghoebar, H J A Meijer, A Vissink, A Visser
OBJECTIVE: To assess oral health, health, and quality of life (QoL) of care-dependent community-living older people with and without remaining teeth who recently received formal home care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this cross-sectional observational study, community-living older people (≥ 65 years), who recently (< 6 months) received formal home care, were interviewed with validated questionnaires and underwent an oral examination. Oral health, general health, medicines usage, frailty (Groningen Frailty Indicator), cognition (Minimal Mental State Examination), QoL (RAND 36), and oral health-related QoL (Oral Health Impact Profile-14) were assessed...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Maria Mielnik-Błaszczak, Agnieszka Skawińska-Bednarczyk, Artur Michałowski, Jerzy Błaszczak
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a common medical disorder and due to a variety of barriers, people with epilepsy may not have access to needed healthcare services, particularly based on their place of residence. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess access to dental treatment in children and adolescents with epilepsy in Lublin Voivodeship. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical and questionnaire examinations were performed in 107 children and young people, of both sexes, in the ages between 6 and 18years old from the Lublin macroregion...
February 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Tahereh Maleki, Hossein Akhani
ETHNOBOTANICAL RELEVANCE: From ancient times, the applied use of herbs has been common among indigenous people throughout the world. The present survey is a regional ethnobotanical study of Baluchi tribes living in the Mt. Taftan area, Sistan and Baluchistan Province, southeastern Iran. The aim of this study was to document all traditional knowledge and analyze the medicinal plants used in area and also to identify significant plant species for future pharmacological study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Local knowledge was obtained through semi structured and open interviews, in which 51 informants were interviewed...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Roshan Shetty, Vijaya Hegde, Pooja J Shetty
Background and Objectives: Dental caries and malocclusion are common dental public health problems. Surveys provide us with an insight into the oral health status and treatment needs and also help in proper treatment planning. Hence, the objective of this study was to assess the malocclusion status, dentition status, and treatment needs of 15-year-old school children of Mangalore. Methodology: A cross-sectional study of 1001 school children aged 15-year-old was conducted in Mangalore...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Yong Huang, Xue Shen, Haixia Qiao, Hao Yang, Xuejiao Zhang, Yiyao Liu, Hejie Yang
Background: Two frequent problems associated with titanium (Ti) surfaces of bone/dental implants are their corrosion and lack of native tissue integration. Methods: Here, we present an anodization-hydrothermal method for coating Ti surfaces with a layer of silicon (Si)- and strontium (Sr)-loaded titania nanotubes (TNs). The Ti surfaces coated with such a layer (Si-Sr-TNs) were characterized with different techniques. Results: The results indicate that the Si 4+ and Sr 2+ ions were evenly incorporated into the TNs and that the Si-Sr-TN layer provides good protection against corrosive media like simulated body fluid...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Avita Rath, Bennete Aloysius Fernandes, Preena Sidhu, Priyadarshini Ramamurthy
New and innovative surgical techniques are necessary to help the clinician ensure the best results and satisfy patient's expectations. One such periodontal problem that has been challenging to the dental practitioners and impacts the oral health quality of life of patients has been gingival recession. When present anteriorly where esthetics is a major concern, patient centric parameters too become paramount. Root coverage esthetic score (RES) evaluation helps to keep the patient outcomes in mind. This case reports the successful treatment of a wide anterior mucogingival defect using epithelial embossed connective tissue graft which was evaluated for the first time using RES...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Background: There are two limiting factors for determining the dental implant fixture length in mandibular posterior edentulous region: Inferior dental canal and submandibular fossa. Purpose: Submandibular fossa augmentation is a suggested way to overcome the problem of lingual undercut beneath the mylohyoid ridge in implant dentistry. Materials and Methods: Patients with lingual posterior bony undercut that interferes with the placement of a standard implant with a length of 10 mm were enrolled in this study...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Zifeng Liu, Yong Zhang, Joseph Obiri Asante, Yixiang Huang, Xin Wang, Lijin Chen
OBJECTIVES: Doctor-patient conflict is a phenomenon that has become one of the major social problems affecting China's medical system today. This study aimed to analyse the nature of medical dispute incidents arising from dental practice, discover the related factors that may have incited such disputes and explore measures whereby the incidents of patients' conflicts towards dentists can be reduced. METHODS: A survey conducted in six public hospitals in Guangzhou, one of the largest cities in China, showed that more than two million patients received dental treatment between 2008 and 2012...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
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