keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

omega-3, DHA, EPA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213750/effect-of-an-acute-dose-of-omega-3-fish-oil-following-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#1
J R Jakeman, D M Lambrick, B Wooley, J A Babraj, J A Faulkner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to examine the effect of two fish oil supplements, one high in EPA (750 mg EPA, 50 mg DHA) and one low in EPA (150 mg EPA, 100 mg DHA), taken acutely as a recovery strategy following EIMD. METHODS: Twenty-seven physically active males (26 ± 4 year, 1.77 ± 0.07 m, 80 ± 10 kg) completed 100 plyometric drop jumps to induce muscle damage. Perceptual (perceived soreness) and functional (isokinetic muscle strength at 60° and 180° s(-1), squat jump performance and countermovement jump performance) indices of EIMD were recorded before, and 1, 24, 48, 72, and 96h after the damaging protocol...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212390/lack-of-effects-of-fish-oil-supplementation-for-12-weeks-on-resting-metabolic-rate-and-substrate-oxidation-in-healthy-young-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Sebastian Jannas-Vela, Kaitlin Roke, Stephanie Boville, David M Mutch, Lawrence L Spriet
: Fish oil (FO) has been shown to have beneficial effects in the body via incorporation into the membranes of many tissues. It has been proposed that omega-3 fatty acids in FO may increase whole body resting metabolic rate (RMR) and fatty acid (FA) oxidation in human subjects, but the results to date are equivocal. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 12 week FO supplementation period on RMR and substrate oxidation, in comparison to an olive oil (OO) control group, in young healthy males (n = 26; 22...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197856/determination-of-substrate-preferences-for-desaturases-and-elongases-for-production-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-from-oleic-acid-in-engineered-canola
#3
Jenny Lindberg Yilmaz, Ze Long Lim, Mirela Beganovic, Steven Breazeale, Carl Andre, Sten Stymne, Patricia Vrinten, Toralf Senger
Production of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in plant seed oils has been pursued to improve availability of these omega-3 fatty acids that provide important human health benefits. Canola (Brassica napus), through the introduction of 10 enzymes, can convert oleic acid (OLA) into EPA and ultimately DHA through a pathway consisting of two elongation and five desaturation steps. Herein we present an assessment of the substrate specificity of the seven desaturases and three elongases that were introduced into canola by expressing individual proteins in yeast...
February 14, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192538/pattern-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-intake-and-fish-consumption-and-retinal-vascular-caliber-in-children-and-adolescents-a-cohort-study
#4
Bamini Gopinath, Hanieh Moshtaghian, Victoria M Flood, Jimmy C Y Louie, Gerald Liew, George Burlutsky, Paul Mitchell
We aimed to investigate whether fish and long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCn-3 PUFA) consumption changed appreciably during adolescence. We also assessed whether these dietary variables are associated with retinal microvascular signs (possible markers of future cardiovascular disease risk). 633 children had dietary data at ages 12 and 17. Fish and LCn-3 PUFA [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] intake was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191333/effects-of-fish-oil-supplementation-on-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Alireza Ostadrahimi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh, Mozhgan Mirgafourvand, Sina Yaghoubi, Elham Shahrisa, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
CONTEXT: One of the most common complications of pregnancy is gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is increasing worldwide. Experimental and epidemiological studies have shown that higher intake of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids may decrease the risk of various diseases such as diabetes. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of fish oil supplementation on the prevention and treatment of GDM. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This systematic review was performed by searching several databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Library, ProQuest, Science Direct SID, Magiran and IranMedex since 1983...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189073/lower-levels-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-metals-and-the-marine-omega-3-fatty-acid-dha-in-farmed-compared-to-wild-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#6
Anne-Katrine Lundebye, Erik-Jan Lock, Josef D Rasinger, Ole Jakob Nøstbakken, Rita Hannisdal, Egil Karlsbakk, Vidar Wennevik, Abdullah S Madhun, Lise Madsen, Ingvild Eide Graff, Robin Ørnsrud
Contaminants and fatty acid levels in farmed- versus wild Atlantic salmon have been a hot topic of debate in terms of food safety. The present study determined dioxins (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), metals and fatty acids in wild and farmed Atlantic salmon. Contaminant levels of dioxins, PCBs, OCPs (DDT, dieldrin, lindane, chlordane, Mirex, and toxaphene), and mercury were higher in wild salmon than in farmed salmon, as were the concentrations of the essential elements selenium, copper, zinc and iron, and the marine omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)...
February 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186827/exploration-of-the-perceived-and-actual-benefits-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-the-impact-of-fads1-and-fads2-genetic-information-on-dietary-intake-and-blood-levels-of-epa-and-dha
#7
Kaitlin Roke
From a global health perspective, increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs), in particular eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are beneficial for human health. However, the consumption of EPA- and DHA-rich foods such as fatty fish is low in the Western diet. Therefore, finding new ways to motivate people to increase their consumption of omega-3 FAs is essential. To find effective ways to motivate individuals, understanding people's awareness of omega-3 FAs and how they obtain their knowledge about nutrition and health is critical...
February 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167220/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-cytochrome-p450-derived-eicosanoids-in-cardiovascular-diseases-which-actions-and-interactions-modulate-hemodynamics
#8
REVIEW
Sara Bonafini, Cristiano Fava
Increasing interest is focused on omega-3 fatty acids (FA) because of their potential beneficial effects, particularly in cardiovascular disease prevention. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), two major omega-3 FA, are mainly consumed through diet, particularly from fish and seafood intake, whereas alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is present in high amounts in leafy green vegetables, nuts and seeds. The hypothesis of a cardiovascular protective action of omega-3 FA derives mainly from observational studies, whereas the evidence from interventional studies is not always consistent...
February 3, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162861/effect-of-omegaven-on-mast-cell-concentration-in-diabetic-wound-healing
#9
Saeid Babaei, Hadi Ansarihadipour, Mahmoodreza Nakhaei, Mohammadreza Darabi, Parvindokht Bayat, Mohammadhassan Sakhaei, Maryam Baazm, Atefe Mohammadhoseiny
Diabetic wound healing is a complicated process. In all over the world 15% of 200 million diabetic people suffer from diabetic foot problems. Mast cells are known to participate in three phases of wound healing: the inflammatory reaction, angiogenesis and extracellular-matrix reabsorption. The inflammatory reaction is mediated by released histamine and arachidonic acid metabolites. Omega-3 fatty acids alter proinflammatory cytokine production during wound healing which affects the presence of inflammatory cells in wound area as well, but how this events specifically influences the presence of mast cells in wound healing is not clearly understood...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157380/omega-3-fatty-acid-plasma-levels-before-and-after-supplementation-correlations-with-mood-and-clinical-outcomes-in-the-omega-3-and-therapy-studies
#10
L Eugene Arnold, Andrea S Young, Martha A Belury, Rachel M Cole, Barbara Gracious, Adina M Seidenfeld, Hannah Wolfson, Mary A Fristad
OBJECTIVE: To examine fatty acid profiles, their response to omega-3 fatty acid (Ω3) supplementation, and associations with clinical status and treatment response in youth with mood disorders. METHODS: In a placebo-controlled 2X2 design, 7-14 year-olds (N = 95) in parallel pilot trials (depression N = 72; bipolar N = 23) were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of Ω3 supplementation (1.4 g eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA], 0.2 g docosahexaenoic acid [DHA], and 0...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145745/dietary-intake-of-dha-and-epa-in-a-group-of-pregnant-women-in-the-moncton-area
#11
Nicole Arsenault Bishop, Caroline P Leblanc
PURPOSE: To compare docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and fish intake of pregnant women at 30 weeks of gestation to current recommendations and to determine the factors associated with omega-3 (ω-3) intake. METHODS: A food frequency questionnaire was completed by 54 women (54/131 = 41%) at 30 ± 0.8 weeks gestation. Supplement intake, sociodemographic characteristics, and ω-3 food habits were evaluated. RESULTS: Among this high socioeconomic status (SES) group, 66...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141545/the-effect-of-fish-oil-supplementation-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Alireza Ostadrahimi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Shadi Farshbaf-Khalili, Nayyer Jafarilar-Agdam, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of fish oil supplementation on pregnancy outcomes in mother and newborn. METHODS: This randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 150 pregnant women aged 18-35 years from Feburary 2014 to April 2015 in Tabriz, Iran. Participants were assigned to receive either 1000 mg fish oil supplements containing 180 mg eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 120 mg docosahexanoic acid or placebo from week 20 of gestation to birth...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137294/prescription-omega-3-fatty-acid-products-containing-highly-purified-eicosapentaenoic-acid-epa
#13
REVIEW
Eliot A Brinton, R Preston Mason
The omega-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has multiple actions potentially conferring cardiovascular benefit, including lowering serum triglyceride (TG) and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) levels and potentially reducing key steps in atherogenesis. Dietary supplements are a common source of omega-3 fatty acids in the US, but virtually all contain docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in addition to EPA, and lipid effects differ between DHA and EPA. Contrary to popular belief, no over-the-counter omega-3 products are available in the US, only prescription products and dietary supplements...
January 31, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125622/expression-of-calgranulin-genes-s100a8-s100a9-and-s100a12-is-modulated-by-n-3-pufa-during-inflammation-in-adipose-tissue-and-mononuclear-cells
#14
Rachana D Shah, Chenyi Xue, Hanrui Zhang, Sony Tuteja, Mingyao Li, Muredach P Reilly, Jane F Ferguson
Calgranulin genes (S100A8, S100A9 and S100A12) play key immune response roles in inflammatory disorders, including cardiovascular disease. Long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) may have systemic and adipose tissue-specific anti-inflammatory and cardio-protective action. Interactions between calgranulins and the unsaturated fatty acid arachidonic acid (AA) have been reported, yet little is known about the relationship between calgranulins and the LC n-3 PUFA eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121722/omega-3-supplementation-and-the-neural-correlates-of-negative-affect-and-impulsivity-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-in-midlife-adults
#15
Annie T Ginty, Matthew F Muldoon, Dora C H Kuan, Brittney Schirda, Thomas W Kamarck, J Richard Jennings, Stephen B Manuck, Peter J Gianaros
OBJECTIVE: In clinical trials, omega-3 fatty acid supplementation improves symptoms in psychiatric disorders involving dysregulated mood and impulse control, yet it is unclear whether in healthy adults omega-3 fatty acid supplementation affects mood, impulse control and the brain systems supporting these processes. Accordingly, this study tested the hypotheses that eciosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid supplementation reduces negative affect and impulsive behaviors in healthy adults and that these changes correspond to alterations in corticolimbic and corticostriatal brain systems which support affective and impulsive processes...
January 24, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116646/systemic-bioavailability-and-dose-proportionality-of-omega-3-administered-in-free-fatty-acid-form-compared-with-ethyl-ester-form-results-of-a-phase-1-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#16
Elliot Offman, Michael Davidson, Mohammad Abu-Rashid, Peng Chai, Catarina Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 carboxylic acids (OM3-CA) contains eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in free fatty acid form. Per gram, OM3-CA includes approximately half as much EPA as icosapent ethyl (IPE), an ethyl ester formulation of EPA. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to assess systemic EPA and EPA + DHA exposures and plasma lipid parameters following multiple OM3-CA or IPE doses under low-fat dietary conditions, and dose proportionality after OM3-CA administration...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108729/comparative-omega-3-fatty-acid-enrichment-of-egg-yolks-from-first-cycle-laying-hens-fed-flaxseed-oil-or-ground-flaxseed
#17
I J Ehr, M E Persia, E A Bobeck
When laying hen diets are enriched with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids to generate value-added eggs for human consumption markets, concentrations of alpha-linolenic (ALA), eicosapentaenoic (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA) in the yolk can reach 250 mg/50 g whole egg. Flaxseed, a rich source of ALA, is commonly used for omega-3 enrichment; however, the impact of dietary flaxseed source (extracted oil vs. milled seed) on fatty acid transfer to egg yolk in laying hens is unknown. Therefore, transfer of ALA, EPA, and DHA into egg yolk from extracted flaxseed oil or milled flaxseed was evaluated in Hy-Line W-36 laying hens over an 8-week feeding period (25 to 33 wk old)...
January 20, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108339/transcriptome-analysis-of-the-effect-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-against-vibrio-vulnificus-infection-in-oreochromis-niloticus
#18
Chieh-Yu Pan, Yu-Hao Liu, Hong-Yi Gong, Jyh-Yih Chen
Vibrio vulnificus infection causes severe economic losses in Oreochromis niloticus aquaculture by inducing pro-inflammatory cytokines, that lead to inflammation and mortality. Omega-3 fatty acids, such as Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), have been reported for their anti-inflammatory and antibacterial abilities in murine and zebrafish models. However, the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial functions of DHA and EPA in commercial aquaculture organisms such as Oreochromis niloticus remain unknown...
January 17, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107816/the-time-course-of-erythrocyte-membrane-fatty-acid-concentrations-during-and-after-treatment-of-non-human-primates-with-increasing-doses-of-an-omega-3-rich-phospholipid-preparation-derived-from-krill-oil
#19
Petter-Arnt Hals, Xiaoli Wang, Fabiana Piscitelli, Vincenzo Di Marzo, Yong-Fu Xiao
BACKGROUND: A commonly used measure to reflect the intake of the long-chain omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA is the omega-3 index, defined as the sum of EPA + DHA as % of total fatty acids in erythrocyte membrane. When the omega-3 index changes it follows that the relative fractions of other fatty acids in the membrane are also changed. In the present study, increasing doses of a preparation of omega-3 rich phospholipids extracted from krill oil were administered orally to non-human primates for 12 weeks and the time course of EPA, DHA and 22 other fatty acids in erythrocytes was determined bi-weekly during treatment and for 8 weeks after cessation of treatment...
January 21, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094560/systemic-metabolite-changes-in-wild-type-c57bl-6-mice-fed-black-raspberries
#20
Pan Pan, Chad W Skaer, Hsin-Tzu Wang, Michael A Kreiser, Steven M Stirdivant, Kiyoko Oshima, Yi-Wen Huang, Matthew R Young, Li-Shu Wang
INTRODUCTION: Freeze-dried black raspberries (BRBs) elicit chemopreventive effects against colorectal cancer in humans and in rodents. The objective of this study was to investigate potential BRB-caused metabolite changes using wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: WT mice were fed either control diet or control diet supplemented with 5% BRBs for 8 wk. A nontargeted metabolomic analysis was conducted on colonic mucosa, liver, and fecal specimens collected from both diet groups...
January 17, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
keyword
keyword
92231
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"