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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302332/evaluation-of-auditory-perception-development-in-neonates-by-event-related-potential-technique
#1
Qinfen Zhang, Hongxin Li, Aibin Zheng, Xuan Dong, Wenjuan Tu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate auditory perception development in neonates and correlate it with days after birth, left and right hemisphere development and sex using event-related potential (ERP) technique. METHODS: Sixty full-term neonates, consisting of 32 males and 28 females, aged 2-28days were included in this study. An auditory oddball paradigm was used to elicit ERPs. N2 wave latencies and areas were recorded at different days after birth, to study on relationship between auditory perception and age, and comparison of left and right hemispheres, and males and females...
March 13, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294440/anisotropic-mos2-nanosheets-grown-on-self-organized-nanopatterned-substrates
#2
Christian Martella, Carlo Mennucci, Eugenio Cinquanta, Alessio Lamperti, Emmanuele Cappelluti, Francesco Buatier de Mongeot, Alessandro Molle
Manipulating the anisotropy in 2D nanosheets is a promising way to tune or trigger functional properties at the nanoscale. Here, a novel approach is presented to introduce a one-directional anisotropy in MoS2 nanosheets via chemical vapor deposition (CVD) onto rippled patterns prepared on ion-sputtered SiO2 /Si substrates. The optoelectronic properties of MoS2 are dramatically affected by the rippled MoS2 morphology both at the macro- and the nanoscale. In particular, strongly anisotropic phonon modes are observed depending on the polarization orientation with respect to the ripple axis...
March 10, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282910/enhanced-passive-rf-dc-converter-circuit-efficiency-for-low-rf-energy-harvesting
#3
Issam Chaour, Ahmed Fakhfakh, Olfa Kanoun
For radio frequency energy transmission, the conversion efficiency of the receiver is decisive not only for reducing sending power, but also for enabling energy transmission over long and variable distances. In this contribution, we present a passive RF-DC converter for energy harvesting at ultra-low input power at 868 MHz. The novel converter consists of a reactive matching circuit and a combined voltage multiplier and rectifier. The stored energy in the input inductor and capacitance, during the negative wave, is conveyed to the output capacitance during the positive one...
March 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281710/negative-poisson-s-ratio-in-rippled-graphene
#4
Huasong Qin, Yu Sun, Jefferson Zhe Liu, Mengjie Li, Yilun Liu
In this work, we perform molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to study the effect of rippling on the Poisson's ratio of graphene. Due to the atomic scale thickness of graphene, out-of-plane ripples are generated in free standing graphene with topological defects (e.g. heptagons and pentagons) to release the in-plane deformation energy. Through MD simulations, we have found that the Poisson's ratio of rippled graphene decreases upon increasing its aspect ratio η (amplitude over wavelength). For the rippled graphene sheet η = 0...
March 10, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280660/a-modified-dual-plane-technique-using-the-serratus-anterior-fascia-in-primary-breast-augmentation
#5
Dong Yeon Hwang, Sang Hoon Park, Sang Wha Kim
BACKGROUND: Breast augmentations are commonly performed aesthetic surgical procedures. As the breast is a changeable structure, the ideal location of an implant would be a plane that can adjust to the dynamic changes of the breast. We present a modified dual-plane technique for breast augmentation using the fascia for thin patients. METHODS: Between June 2014 and June 2015, 27 patients with small breasts underwent breast augmentation using the modified dual-plane technique...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276339/self-organized-semiconductor-nano-network-on-graphene
#6
Dabin Son, Sang Jin Kim, Seungmin Lee, Sukang Bae, Tae-Wook Kim, Jae-Wook Kang, Sang Hyun Lee
A network structure consisting of nanomaterials with a stable structural support and charge path on a large area is desirable for various electronic and optoelectronic devices. Generally, network structures have been fabricated via two main strategies: (1) assembly of pre-grown nanostructures onto a desired substrate and (2) direct growth of nanomaterials onto a desired substrate. In this study, we utilized the surface defects of graphene to form a nano-network of ZnO via atomic layer deposition (ALD). The surface of pure and structurally perfect graphene is chemically inert...
April 7, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272622/negative-poisson-s-ratio-in-graphene-oxide
#7
Jing Wan, Jin-Wu Jiang, Harold S Park
We perform molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the Poisson's ratio of graphene oxide. We find that the Poisson's ratio can be effectively tuned by increasing the degree of oxidation of graphene oxide. More specifically, the Poisson's ratio decreases linearly from positive to negative with increasing oxidation, turning negative at room temperature for a degree of oxidation of 0.27, and reaching a value of -0.567 for fully oxidized graphene. The oxidation dependence of the Poisson's ratio is attributed to the tension-induced suppression of the ripples resulting from the oxidation, whose amplitude increases with increasing oxidation...
March 8, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271487/groel-and-the-groel-groes-complex
#8
Noriyuki Ishii
Chaperonin is categorized as a molecular chaperone and mediates the formation of the native conformation of proteins by first preventing folding during synthesis or membrane translocation and subsequently by mediating the step-wise ATP-dependent release that result in proper folding. In the GroEL-GroES complex, a single heptameric GroEL ring binds one GroES ring in the presence of ATP/ADP, in this vein, the double ring GroEL tetradecamer is present in two distinct types of GroEL-GroES complexes: asymmetric 1:1 "bullet"-shaped GroEL:GroES and symmetric 1:2 "football" (American football)-shaped GroEL:GroES2...
2017: Sub-cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269503/differentiation-of-spindle-associated-hippocampal-hfos-based-on-a-correlation-analysis
#9
Daniel Lachner Piza, Jonas C Bruder, Julia Jacobs, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Thomas Stieglitz, Matthias Dumpelmann
High Frequency Oscillations (HFOs) have been described as biomarkers of epileptogenic tissue; however their pathological/physiological classification poses a challenge to their predictive power. For the population of ripples co-occurring with sleep spindles, those ripples improving the antiparallel correlation of ripple-peaks and sleep spindle-troughs were classified as coupled-ripples and the rest as uncoupled-ripples. For the same population of ripples two reference groups called in-SOZ and non-SOZ were formed according to the ripples' location inside or outside the seizure onset zone (SOZ)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268496/computational-modeling-of-high-frequency-oscillations-recorded-with-clinical-intracranial-macroelectrodes
#10
M Shamas, P Benquet, I Merlet, W El Falou, M Khalil, F Wendling
High Frequency Oscillations (HFOs) are a potential biomarker of epileptogenic regions. They have been extensively investigated in terms of automatic detection, classification and feature extraction. However, the mechanisms governing the generation of HFOs as well as the observability conditions on clinical intracranial macroelectrodes remain elusive. In this paper, we propose a novel physiologically-relevant macroscopic model for accurate simulation of HFOs as invasively recorded in epileptic patients. This model accounts for both the temporal and spatial properties of the cortical patch at the origin of epileptiform activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267257/coordination-polymer-framework-based-on-chip-micro-supercapacitors-with-ac-line-filtering-performance
#11
Chongqing Yang, Karl Sebastian Schellhammer, Frank Ortmann, Sai Sun, Renhao Dong, Melike Karakus, Zoltán Mics, Markus Löffler, Fan Zhang, Xiaodong Zhuang, Enrique Cánovas, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Mischa Bonn, Xinliang Feng
On-chip micro-supercapacitors (MSCs) are important Si-compatible power-source backups for miniaturized electronics. Despite their tremendous advantages, current on-chip MSCs require harsh processing conditions and typically perform like resistors when filtering ripples from alternating current (AC). Herein, we demonstrated a facile layer-by-layer method towards on-chip MSCs based on an azulene-bridged coordination polymer framework (PiCBA). Owing to the good carrier mobility (5×10(-3)  cm(2)  V(-1)  s(-1) ) of PiCBA, the permanent dipole moment of azulene skeleton, and ultralow band gap of PiCBA, the fabricated MSCs delivered high specific capacitances of up to 34...
March 7, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258937/evoked-versus-spontaneous-high-frequency-oscillations-in-the-chronic-electrocorticogram-in-focal-epilepsy
#12
M A van 't Klooster, N E C van Klink, D van Blooijs, C H Ferrier, K P J Braun, F S S Leijten, G J M Huiskamp, M Zijlmans
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous high frequency oscillations (HFOs; ripples 80-250Hz, fast ripples (FRs) 250-500Hz) are biomarkers for epileptogenic tissue in focal epilepsy. Single pulse electrical stimulation (SPES) can evoke HFOs. We hypothesized that stimulation distinguishes pathological from physiological ripples and compared the occurrence of evoked and spontaneous HFOs within the seizure onset zone (SOZ) and eloquent functional areas. METHODS: Ten patients underwent SPES during 2048Hz electrocorticography (ECoG)...
February 6, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246967/the-cognitive-role-of-the-globus-pallidus-interna-insights-from-disease-states
#13
M J Gillies, J A Hyam, A R Weiss, C A Antoniades, R Bogacz, J J Fitzgerald, T Z Aziz, M A Whittington, Alexander L Green
The motor symptoms of both Parkinson's disease and focal dystonia arise from dysfunction of the basal ganglia, and are improved by pallidotomy or deep brain stimulation of the Globus Pallidus interna (GPi). However, Parkinson's disease is associated with a greater degree of basal ganglia-dependent learning impairment than dystonia. We attempt to understand this observation in terms of a comparison of the electrophysiology of the output of the basal ganglia between the two conditions. We use the natural experiment offered by Deep Brain Stimulation to compare GPi local field potential responses in subjects with Parkinson's disease compared to subjects with dystonia performing a forced-choice decision-making task with sensory feedback...
February 28, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246641/coordinated-infraslow-neural-and-cardiac-oscillations-mark-fragility-and-offline-periods-in-mammalian-sleep
#14
Sandro Lecci, Laura M J Fernandez, Frederik D Weber, Romain Cardis, Jean-Yves Chatton, Jan Born, Anita Lüthi
Rodents sleep in bouts lasting minutes; humans sleep for hours. What are the universal needs served by sleep given such variability? In sleeping mice and humans, through monitoring neural and cardiac activity (combined with assessment of arousability and overnight memory consolidation, respectively), we find a previously unrecognized hallmark of sleep that balances two fundamental yet opposing needs: to maintain sensory reactivity to the environment while promoting recovery and memory consolidation. Coordinated 0...
February 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241645/spectrum-interrogation-of-fiber-acoustic-sensor-based-on-self-fitting-and-differential-method
#15
Xin Fu, Ping Lu, Wenjun Ni, Hao Liao, Shun Wang, Deming Liu, Jiangshan Zhang
In this article, we propose an interrogation method of fiber acoustic sensor to recover the time-domain signal from the sensor spectrum. The optical spectrum of the sensor will show a ripple waveform when responding to acoustic signal due to the scanning process in a certain wavelength range. The reason behind this phenomenon is the dynamic variation of the sensor spectrum while the intensity of different wavelength is acquired at different time in a scanning period. The frequency components can be extracted from the ripple spectrum assisted by the wavelength scanning speed...
February 20, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241632/ultra-broadband-two-pump-optical-parametric-amplifier-in-tellurite-waveguides-with-engineered-dispersion
#16
Jorge D Marconi, Marcelo L F Abbade, Claudia M Serpa-Imbett, Eric A M Fagotto
The capacity of communication networks may be significantly improved by simply enhancing the optical amplifier bandwidth. This paper presents a numerical investigation of an ultra-broadband, low-ripple, two-pump-optical parametric amplifier (2P-OPA) that employs a tellurite glass buried-channel type nano-waveguide as nonlinear medium. The nano-waveguide was designed as a 25-cm-long Archimedean spiral that occupies a footprint of only ~2.5 mm<sup>2</sup>, with a ~0.7 μm<sup>2</sup> effective cross section...
February 20, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231378/unbalanced-synaptic-inputs-underlying-multi-peaked-frequency-selectivity-in-rat-auditory-cortex
#17
Chang Zhou, Can Tao, Guangwei Zhang, Sumei Yan, Lijuan Wang, Yi Zhou, Ying Xiong
By measuring the frequency selectivity at different intensities in the primary auditory cortex of adult rats, we found that a small group of cortical neurons can exhibit relatively weak but robust selectivity at multiple frequencies that are different from the most preferred frequency. Both in vivo multi-unit recordings (26/93 recordings) and single-unit recordings (16/137 neurons) confirmed that the preferred frequencies are periodic and have an averaged bandwidth (BW) of 0.3-0.4 octaves, which leads to multi-peaked frequency selectivity...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229593/development-of-laser-structured-liquid-infused-titanium-with-strong-biofilm-repellent-properties
#18
Katharina Doll, Elena Fadeeva, Joern Schaeske, Tobias Ehmke, Andreas Winkel, Alexander Heisterkamp, Boris N Chichkov, Meike Stiesch, Nico S Stumpp
Medical implants are commonly used in modern medicine but still harbor the risk of microbial infections caused by bacterial biofilms. As their retrospective treatment is difficult, there is a need for biomedical materials, which inhibit bacterial colonization from the start without using antibacterial agents, as these can promote resistance development. The promising concept of slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces (SLIPS) possesses enormous potential for this purpose. In the present study, this principle was applied to titanium, a common material in implantology, and its biofilm-repellent properties were demonstrated...
February 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227755/differentiation-of-spindle-associated-hippocampal-hfos-based-on-a-correlation-analysis
#19
Daniel Lachner Piza, Jonas C Bruder, Julia Jacobs, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Thomas Stieglitz, Matthias Dumpelmann, Daniel Lachner Piza, Jonas C Bruder, Julia Jacobs, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Thomas Stieglitz, Matthias Dumpelmann, Thomas Stieglitz, Matthias Dumpelmann, Jonas C Bruder, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Daniel Lachner Piza, Julia Jacobs
High Frequency Oscillations (HFOs) have been described as biomarkers of epileptogenic tissue; however their pathological/physiological classification poses a challenge to their predictive power. For the population of ripples co-occurring with sleep spindles, those ripples improving the antiparallel correlation of ripple-peaks and sleep spindle-troughs were classified as coupled-ripples and the rest as uncoupled-ripples. For the same population of ripples two reference groups called in-SOZ and non-SOZ were formed according to the ripples' location inside or outside the seizure onset zone (SOZ)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226670/computational-modeling-of-high-frequency-oscillations-recorded-with-clinical-intracranial-macroelectrodes
#20
M Shamas, P Benquet, I Merlet, W El Falou, M Khalil, F Wendling, M Shamas, P Benquet, I Merlet, W El Falou, M Khalil, F Wendling, M Khalil, P Benquet, I Merlet, W El Falou, M Shamas, F Wendling
High Frequency Oscillations (HFOs) are a potential biomarker of epileptogenic regions. They have been extensively investigated in terms of automatic detection, classification and feature extraction. However, the mechanisms governing the generation of HFOs as well as the observability conditions on clinical intracranial macroelectrodes remain elusive. In this paper, we propose a novel physiologically-relevant macroscopic model for accurate simulation of HFOs as invasively recorded in epileptic patients. This model accounts for both the temporal and spatial properties of the cortical patch at the origin of epileptiform activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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