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Nobuhiko Arai, Takenori Akiyama, Kazunari Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Spinal arteriovenous shunts are a common spinal vascular disorder. However, they can have a misleading clinical presentation and poor prognosis. They are classified into 4 types according to shunt points and drainage route, among which extradural arteriovenous fistula (eAVF) is the most rare, comprising only 1% of all spinal arteriovenous shunts. We report an extremely rare case of coexistent eAVF at the craniocervical junction and soft tissue arteriovenous malformation within the same metamere...
November 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Kenji Fukutome, Ichiro Nakagawa, Hun Soo Park, Takeshi Wada, Yasushi Motoyama, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) resulting from a dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) are rare. A case of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CSDAVF) in a patient with TN that resolved immediately after transvenous embolization (TVE) is described. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 75-year-old woman presented with continuous facial pain. On time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), a CSDAVF was suspected, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) showed a CSDAVF...
November 17, 2016: World Neurosurgery
W-F Li, T-L Lin, T-J Tan, R B Alikhanov, C-C Yong, S-H Wang, C-C Lin, Y-W Liu, C-C Wang, C-L Chen
BACKGROUND: Recipient hepatectomy can be complicated by severe bleeding during caudate lobe dissection in living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT), especially when the inferior vena cava is encased or with dense adhesions from prior interventions. Total hepatic vascular exclusion (TVE) including total hepatic inflow (Pringle maneuver) and occlusion of supra- and infra-hepatic inferior vena cava during the partial hepatectomy has been studied well, but it has not been mentioned regarding recipient hepatectomy in LDLT...
May 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Christopher P Bourdeaux, Matthew Jc Thomas, Timothy H Gould, Gaurav Malhotra, Andreas Jarvstad, Timothy Jones, Iain D Gilchrist
OBJECTIVES: Low tidal volume (TVe) ventilation improves outcomes for ventilated patients, and the majority of clinicians state they implement it. Unfortunately, most patients never receive low TVes. 'Nudges' influence decision-making with subtle cognitive mechanisms and are effective in many contexts. There have been few studies examining their impact on clinical decision-making. We investigated the impact of 2 interventions designed using principles from behavioural science on the deployment of low TVe ventilation in the intensive care unit (ICU)...
2016: BMJ Open
Akiko Noguchi, Kumiko Kuga, Naoki Tashiro, Yusuke Shimakawa, Takeshi Shono, Naomi Hirakawa, Yoshiro Sakaguchi
The present study was conducted to investigate changes in uncuffed endotracheal tube (ETT) leak during laparoscopic surgery. The study included 31 patients aged between 1 and 6 years scheduled for elective laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy. Inspiratory and expiratory tidal volumes (TVi and TVe) were measured during mechanical ventilation, and ETT leak was calculated using the formula-ETT leak = (TVi - TVe)/TVi × 100 (%), assessed at the following time-points-5 min after the start of mechanical ventilation (T1, baseline), just before the start of surgery (T2), 5 min after the induction of pneumoperitoneum with 15° Trendelenburg tilt (T3), and at the end of surgery (T4)...
August 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Dilek Yazicioğlu, Ilkay Baran, Filiz Uzumcugil, Ibrahim Ozturk, Gulten Utebey, M Murat Sayın
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the face mask (FM) and oral mask (OM) ventilation techniques during anesthesia emergence regarding tidal volume, leak volume, and difficult mask ventilation (DMV) incidence. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, crossover study. SETTING: Operating room, training and research hospital. SUBJECTS: American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II adult patients scheduled for nasal surgery...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Maysa Ahmad Eraky, Amany Farouk El-Fakahany, Nagwa Mostafa El-Sayed, Eman Abdel-Rahman Abou-Ouf, Doaa Ibrahim Yaseen
The current work was undertaken to investigate the potential effectiveness of Thymus vulgaris ethanolic extract (TVE) against Toxoplasma gondii infection in chronic experimental toxoplasmosis. To evaluate prophylactic effects, mice received 500 mg/kg TVE for 5 days before they were infected by an avirulent Me49 T. gondii strain. To investigate the therapeutic effects of the extract postinfection, daily treatment with TVE was initiated at 6 weeks postinfection and continued for 10 days. The following groups of animals were used as controls: uninfected/non-treated, infected/non-treated, and infected/treated with a combination of pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine...
July 2016: Parasitology Research
François Cauchy, Raffaele Brustia, Fabiano Perdigao, Denis Bernard, Olivier Soubrane, Olivier Scatton
INTRODUCTION: While total vascular exclusion (TVE) with veno-venous bypass and hypothermia may be undertaken to increase liver tolerance for complex liver resection, these procedures are still associated with elevated rates of postoperative complications and mortality. In particular, one of the main issues of this strategy is the management of bleeding after declamping, which is enhanced by both hypothermic state and acidosis. To overcome this high risk of morbidity, several technical refinements might be undertaken and here described (with video)...
June 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Jung Ho Han, Dong Gyu Kim, Hyun-Tai Chung, Sun Ha Paek, Hee-Won Jung
The use of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) expanded to include the treatment of vestibular schwannomas (VSs) in 1969; since then, efforts to increase tumour control and to reduce cranial neuropathy have continued. Using the currently recommended marginal dose of 12-13 Gy, long-term reported outcomes after SRS include not only excellent tumour control rates of 92-100 % but also outstanding functional preservation of the trigeminal and facial nerves, with values of 92-100 % and 94-100 %, respectively. Nonetheless, hearing preservation remains in the range of 32-81 %...
2016: Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery
Lone Sølling Avnon, Daniela Munteanu, Alexander Smoliakov, Alan Jotkowitz, Leonid Barski
BACKGROUND: The 2009 pandemic influenza A/H1N1 developed as a novel swine influenza which caused more diseases among younger age groups than in the elderly. Severe hypoxemic respiratory failure from A/H1N1 pneumonia resulted in an increased need for ICU beds. Several risk groups were identified that were at a higher risk for adverse outcomes. Pregnant women were a particularly vulnerable group of patients The CDC reported on the first ten patients with severe illness and acute hypoxemic respiratory failure associated with A/H1N1 infection, none of whom were pregnant, but they noticed that half of the patients had a pulmonary embolism...
October 2015: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Taiki Yamamoto, Tomotaka Ohshima, Shunsaku Goto, Masahiro Nishihori, Toshihisa Nishizawa, Shinji Shimato, Kyozo Kato
PURPOSE: We report a case of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) that developed after the treatment of a transverse-sigmoid sinus dAVF using transvenous embolization (TVE). CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old woman presented with headache and left-sided tinnitus. Angiography demonstrated the presence of a left transverse-sigmoid sinus dAVF. After TVE, the patient's symptoms completely disappeared. Three years later, she complained of left-sided tinnitus and diplopia, and angiography revealed the presence of a left cavernous sinus dAVF...
August 2015: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Fernanda dos Santos Nogueira de Góes, Adriana Katia Côrrea, Rosângela Andrade Aukar de Camargo, Cristina Yuri Nakata Hara
OBJECTIVE: Identify learning needs of students of Technical Vocational Education (TVE) in Nursing. Qualitative study conducted in a city of São Paulo state. METHOD: The subjects were students, teachers and coordinators of TVE and students of the bachelor degree who have had contact with TVE. Data collection was performed by questionnaire socioeconomic and cultural circles about the learning needs. For data analysis we used the content analysis. RESULTS: It was found that students have difficulties contents not related to nursing as portuguese and mathematics, as well as introductory courses in the course of TVE which possibly may interfere negatively in learning specific content of nursing and the quality of health care...
January 2015: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Kei Harada, Kohsuke Kakumoto
In embolization of a cavernous sinus (CS) by transvenous embolization (TVE) for a CS dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), selection of embolization coils is difficult owing to the complex anatomical structure of the CS. Moreover, overpacking of the CS with embolization coils may cause permanent cranial nerve palsies. The ED coil-10 (EDC-10) infini is an extremely soft platinum coil without shape-memory that has excellent conformability with surrounding structures. The goal of this study was to evaluate use of the EDC-10 infini coil for embolization of a CS DAVF...
April 2015: Interventional Neuroradiology
Kazuya Kanemaru, Hideyuki Yoshioka, Takashi Yagi, Takuma Wakai, Koji Hashimoto, Yuichiro Fukumoto, Keiko Suzuki, Toru Tateoka, Hirofumi Kazama, Hiroyuki Kinouchi
Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) involving the hypoglossal canal is rare but increasingly reported. To achieve complete obliteration without a procedure-related complication, understanding of the precise anatomy of this DAVF is essential. Here, we describe a 72-year-old man who underwent selective intra-arterial injection computed tomography angiography which allowed us to understand the detailed anatomy of the complex DAVF regarding access routes and the target regions for transvenous embolization (TVE)...
February 2015: Interventional Neuroradiology
Taimur Asif Ali, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi, Syed Saad Naeem, Wasiq Faraz Rawasia
Endocarditis is characterized by vegetations, which is a mass of platelets, fibrin, micro-colonies of micro-organisms, and inflammatory cells, in the endocardium. Over the past three decades, the incidence of right-sided endocarditis has risen dramatically in Pakistan. We report a 36-year woman with a history of repeated intravenous analgesic injections for low back pain, presenting with high grade fever, sepsis and a white cell count of 44,000 with 90% neutrophils. Echocardiography showed large mobile vegetations on Tricuspid Valve (TV)...
April 2015: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Shigeru Yamauchi, Akimasa Nishio, Yoshinobu Takahashi, Kimito Kondo, Taichiro Kawakami, Yuzo Terakawa, Yutaka Mitsuhashi, Kenji Ohata
INTRODUCTION: Although cavernous sinus (CS) dural arteriovenous fistulas (d-AVFs) are usually treated with transvenous embolization (TVE) via the inferior petrosal sinus (IPS), IPSs are sometimes thrombosed and angiographically invisible. In such cases, the first obstacle to TVE is detecting the entry to the IPS. We report a new technique for TVE via IPS using intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS). METHODS: Three consecutive cases of CS d-AVF with ipsilateral or bilateral IPS occlusion were involved in this study...
August 2015: Neuroradiology
Chuanhui Li, Yang Wang, Youxiang Li, Chuhan Jiang, Zhongxue Wu, Xinjian Yang
PURPOSE: Cranial nerve dysfunction (CND) is not uncommon in patients with cavernous dural arteriovenous fistulas (cDAVFs), and may represent an initial manifestation or a complication after endovascular treatment. This study evaluated the outcome of CND associated with cDAVFs after transvenous embolization (TVE) using Onyx. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients with cDAVFs were treated with TVE in our department between April 2009 and October 2013. For each patient, clinical and radiologic records were retrospectively reviewed and evaluated, with an emphasis placed on evaluating the outcomes of the pre-existing cDAVF-induced CND and the TVE-induced CND...
October 2015: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Claire Mogensen, Leonie M Miller, Steven Roodenrys
In serial recall tasks, presenting items in alternating female and male voices impairs performance relative to the single-voice presentation. This phenomenon, termed the talker-variability effect (TVE), was recently reexamined by Hughes, Marsh, and Jones (2009, 2011), who used the effect as confirmatory evidence for their perceptual-gestural account of serial recall performance. Despite the authors' claim of generalisability, the serial recall paradigm employed did not reflect the standard parameters more generally adopted in verbal short-term memory research...
March 2015: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
Luca Sanguigno, Massimiliano Minale, Ernesto Vannini, Guido Arato, Rodolfo Riccio, Agostino Casapullo, Maria Chiara Monti, Raffaele Riccio, Silvestro Formisano, Gianfranco Di Renzo, Ornella Cuomo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Triticum vulgare has been extensively used in traditional medicine thanks to its properties of accelerating tissue repair. The aqueous extract of Triticum vulgare (TVE) is currently an active component used by Farmaceutici Damor in the manufacture of certain pharmaceutical products already marketed in Italy and abroad under the brand name Fitostimoline(®), in the formulation of cream and medicated gauze and is commonly used for the treatment of decubitus ulcers, sores, burns, scarring delays, dystrophic diseases, and, more broadly, in the presence of problems relating to re-epithelialization or tissue regeneration...
January 15, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Yi-Kai Fang, Kuo-Yang Huang, Po-Jung Huang, Rose Lin, Mei Chao, Petrus Tang
BACKGROUND: Trichomonas vaginalis is the etiologic agent of trichomoniasis, the most common nonviral sexually transmitted disease in the world. This infection affects millions of individuals worldwide annually. Although direct sexual contact is the most common mode of transmission, increasing evidence indicates that T. vaginalis can survive in the external environment and can be transmitted by contaminated utensils. We found that the growth of T. vaginalis under cold conditions is greatly inhibited, but recovers after placing these stressed cells at the normal cultivation temperature of 37 °C...
December 2015: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
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